And White Sox
On the Diamond
Name First Applied to Chi?
cago Club When It De?
feated Cincinnati Reds
Since the beginning of professionl
baseball the name White Sox has been
magic to Chicago fans, who still gloat
over the fact that the organization of
the original White Stockings resulted
in the first defeat of the invincible Red
Stocking team of Cincinnati. The
White Sox first saw the light of day
back in 1870.
This team, which was organized by
Tom Foley and Jimmy Wood, might
have remained intact for a long while,
but a year later the tire camo along
and the team disbanded. Foley had
first called his team the White Stock?
ings, so as to distinguish them from
the Red Stockings of Cincinnati, and
he placed the nine in the- held in 1870
for the sole purpose of defeating the
Cincinnati Red Stockings, who in 1809
swept everything before them, winning
fifty-seven games and not suffering a
The Chicago uniform in this 1870
year consisted of a white, cap, white
shirt, white stockings and long blue
Pop Anson Is Fired
Their first title of White Stockings
was distinctly appropriate, and to
carry out the original idea the team
continued to wear white stockings from
the day of its organization until 1898,
when James A. Hart, the president of
the club, discharged the veteran Adrian
C. Anson, who had been manager and
captain for twenty-one years, and ap?
pointed Tommy Burns, the old third
baseman, in his stead.
With the going of Anson went also
the historical white stockings.
But two years later they were adopt?
ed by the American League club of
t'hicago and are still worn by the play?
ers of thar team.
However, the name has undergone a
slight change, the word "stocking" be?
ing replaced by "sox," a shorter and
more pointed appellation.
Cubs Enter the Field
When the title of White Stockings
passed from the original holders the
latter won a new and popular nick?
name, one that distinctively belonged
tu the n.'ime of Cubs.
They acquired this in 1S90, when
nearly all of Anson's old players de?
serted him and went over to the Play?
ers' (Brotherhood^ League.
Ed Williamson, Fred Pfeffer, Charley
1'arrell. Jimmy Ryan, Hugh Duffy.
Trank Dwyer and Del Darling "jumped"
to the Chicago Players' League team;
John K. Tener, now president of the
National League, to the Pittsburgh
club; Addison Gumbert to Boston and
George Van Haltren to Brooklyn.
Tommy Burns, who succeeded him as
manager eight years later, and William
]?'. Hurehinson, the pitcher, were the
only players of the old guard who
were loyal to Anson and remained
under his wing.
Anson Rejuvenates Team
Anson then-surrounded himself with
youngsters, who were styled "cubs,"
"eolts" and "babies," just as the fancy
of the gamegoers dictated.
The name "Cubs" stuck to the team
and is now a term of endearment,
probably surpassing in popularity with
ihe fans even the old original cogno?
men "White Stockings."
_ In the. thirty-seven years of the Na?
tional League's existence the Cubs
have captured the pennant ten times?
offener than any other team that ever
held membership in the circuit.
In all these thirty-seven years the
Chicago team in the National League
never has finished in last place, and in
the last ten years have only once wound
tip below third place.
In 1903 they tinished behind Pitts?
burgh and New York, and in 1905 be?
hind New York and Pittsburgh, but in
the eight other years of the last ten
they won the pennant four times and
captured second honors four times.
Cubs' Wonderful Record
Not only have the Chicago Cubs won
the pennant offener than any oth<ar
elub, but they hold the distinction of
having captured the flag by the largest
percentage ever attained by any winnei.
This was in 1880, when they lost only
seventeen games out of eighty-four
played, giving them the high percent
?:ge of .798.
They also have the record of having
won more games in a season than any
This mark was made in 1906, when
they won 116 games. The second high?
est number of victories in a season is
110, established by Pittsburgh in 1906
The lowest notch at which the Chi?
cagos ever finished in tho race was
This was twice their berth at th?
close of a season, first in 1893 and
again in 1897.
In these ye*rs the National Leagu?
circuit consisted of twelve cities, o?c
that each time they landed in nirtr
place the Chicagos had the consolation
at least, of beating out three otcei
In 1893 they ran ahead of St. Louis
Louisville and Washington, and ir
1897 they finished in front of Philadel?
phia, St. Louis and Louisville.
Six times have the Chicago National
League representatives battled for the
world's championship, winning it twice
losing three times and drawing once.
Game From Home
The Fordham football management if
ranting around for a game next seasor
to be played away from home. All o
the games thus far arranged are foi
Fordham Field, and Manager Higgin:
is eager to arrange a contest for a for
eign field. The date of November 1(
was kept open a week, in hope that th<
Navy would need an opponent on tha
?lay, but yesterday Annapolis informe*
Manager Higgins that owing to tin
acceptance of prior offers the scheduli
An offer from Colby for a game awa;
from home is now receiving considera
tiou. Negotiations are also under wa;
with West Virginia, Wesleyan and Vir
ginia Military Institute for games a
Holy Cross, one of Fordham's ancien
rivals, will not be played because o
the uncertainty at Worcester as ti
what extent tho Purple will particip?t?
in the gridiron sport next season.
Prize Run in Harlem
A prize run will be held by the Har
lern Athletic League over the course o
the Alpha Physical Culture Club thi
afternoon. Officials of the league hav'
been reviving interest in the 'cross
country sport, and it is believed that ;
large number of starters will be oi
hand. The distance will be five miles.
Schoolboys to Play Chess
Two tournaments for schoolboys, th
one for high schools and the other fo
public schools, will constitute the pro
gramme for the first day of the annua
meeting of the New York State Ches
Association, to be held at the New Yorl
City Ches? Club oa Tuesday?
*T*?fJ/S is how the camera sharpshooter and the artist with pen and ink caught the
girls who competed in the women's annual invitation lawn tennis tournament at
the Heights Casino, in Brooklyn, last week. It has long since been proved that
"woman's place is on the tennis court," and here you see how they behave themselves
Harvard Man First User
Of the Catcher's Masl
Back in 1876 One Jim Tyng Set the Fashion Which A
Receivers of Slants, Shoots and Curves Have
Since Followed?Inventor of Bunt
By Louis Lee Arms
In these piping days it would be strange, indeed, were a catcher i
, step behind the bat without his mask. Think how a fast curve ball migl
? spread a man's nose. It could conceivably alter his entire looks and pract
. cally ruin him as a drawing room success.
Suppose, for instance, Catcher Flatfoot were scheduled to deliver
. lecture on the "Civilizing Influence of the Emery Ball" at 8:30 o'clock i
' the evening before the Young Ladies' Christian Association. If on thi
very afternoon Catcher Flatfoot stopped a foul tip with his front teet
? where would Catcher Flatfoot be then?
Ah, yes, Catcher Flatfoot and his
! brethren, who are legion, are ii.i
! measurably indebted to Jim Tyngl
And who, say you, is Jim Tyng? We
are not surprised. We, too. never
dreamed of the existence of Jimmy
Tyng until our eye fell on the follow?
ing in George Moreland's book of base?
"Jim Tyng, a Harvard student, was
the first player to us?? a catcher's mask
in a game. This was in 1876."
To Harvard, then, we are indebted
for the discovery of the baseball mask.
It is not too much to say that pos?
sibly the Harvard accent was originally
developed by speaking through one.
| How often Jim Tyng must have loaned
; his mask during his college clays!
, | We often have heard that there is a
| hole located directly in the centre of
' many bats used by some of our leading
! major leaguers, as well as the N ?w
' York Yankees, but it was rather a sur
I prise to us to learn that back in 1880
; it was permissible for a hitter to use a
? j square bat. The boys who were running
the old National Association got to?
gether and decided that in baseball
there should be different shaped bats,
! as well as different shaped heads. They
' j immediately adopted the square bat.
, | Mr. Moreland spares no pains to tell
; the baseball fan everything. For in
: stance, he says:
1 ; "In games prior to 1858 a batter
' i could use any style of bat he chose. It
| ; could weigh a ton and be as long as the
' ' user wished."
Say what you will, a bat that weighed
' , a ton would have certain'' advantages.
' , A batter probably would not throw it
! : very high in the air after a third strike
r ; had been called on him. What a stir
' ring picture it would be to see a noble
' i athlete swinging three bats, weighing
' ? one ton each, ere he stepped into the
; j batting box. What fortitude it proba
" | bly would take to wait 'em out on the
? | pitcher when one was carrying a ton
? ' bat on his shoulder. It looks to us as
: j though a guy might just as well go into
the piano moving business, and let it
' go at that.
We often have seen pictures of old
time ball players who seemed aged be?
yond their years. Small wonder this is
so when it is explained to us that prior
f to 1858 the batter could wield a club
, ; that weighed a ton. Of course, a ton
, j isn't so much to carry?we have seen
. | auto trucks hold more?but it must
k ? have been fearfully boresome to the
j j hitter to carry his ton bat from the
clubhouse and go through hitting prac?
tice and all the other little details in
which a baseball bat fig?ires.
Dickey Pearce used to be the short
) stop on the old Atlantic's, of Brooklyn,
riback in 1866. He is the last good
-1 shortstop Brooklyn had, but that was
1 only fifty-two years ago. No matter!
? Personally, we do not remember
: Dickey very well, for the reason that
j we went to few ball games m 1866, be
Z' ' ? ???????? - - -
? ing more interested at the. time in
! pitching ciuoits, which was considered a
sport better suited to an elderly but
; fairly active gentleman.
But from all we can gather, there
| was more to Dickey Pearce than showed
: on the. surface. He was a ball player
i with brains. We understand precisely
! the claim we are making, and we are
; irrefutably correct in the assertion that
i ho played with Brooklyn. We repeat
' Fearee was a ball player with brains.
It was he who invented the bunt hit.
One warm summer's day back in 1866,
when nothing except the usual dozen
j runs stood between Brooklyn and vic
' tory, Dickey us aid said, said he:
"There are a iot of suckers who want
; to knock the ball loose from its trench
? coat every time they come to bat. This
, results in the infield playing back and
the outfielders being so far away that
? they are practically commuters. Now,
j the only way to beat, this frame-up is
' to dump the ball in front of the plate.
; It will surprise the infielders so greatly
? they will promptly drop dead, along
; with the catcher and the pitcher, and
: while the outfielders are running in to
j fall on the ball I will reach first base."
Dickey's scheme worked perfectly.
While the infielders failed to drop
j dead, as he had hoped and expected,
they mjght as well have done so in so
j far as their chance of nabbing him at
: first was concerned. Thanks to Dickey
; Pearce, the bunt hit came into exist
|ence there and then, and since that
! time some of our leading ball players
' have become so efficient in bunting thai
they can bunt into a double nlay on ar
? average of three times out of five.
That in itself was enough to intro?
duce Dickey I'earce into this chronicle
but as a matter of fact the bunt hit was
only one of a number of things invent
ed by this intielder who played foi
Brooklyn and had brains. According tc
! the earnest and veracious Mr. More
| land, it was Dickey Pearce who als?
; originated the fair foul hit, in 1871
i Through an oversight, Mr. Morelam
j does not explain what a fair foul hit is
! but it sounds pregnant with possibility
| The great trouble with most fouls i
' that they are just fouls and never wil
] be anything else.
From what we have learned of Dicke;
' Pearce, it was almost unnecessary t
tell us that it was he who originate,
? the idea of dropping a fly ball pur
poscly to make a double play. It wa
i almost a cinch it would be Dicke
! Pearce and no one else who woul
? think of thnt. It wasn't his fault tha
' later the rules committee took an ur?
i fair advantage of him and changed th
truies so that his brilliant inspiratio
? was nullified.
j We wish now we had gone over t
! Brooklyn in 1866 and met Dicke
?| Fearee. There is bound to come a tim
. in the course of fifty-two years when
. man would like to visit Brooklyn.
when so occupied. Miss Molla Bjurstedt, national woman champion, and Mrs. Johan
Rogge, the twin stars from Norway; Miss Eleanor Goss, the sensational young player
who was runner-up to Miss Bjurstedt in the final round of the singles; Mrs. Spencer
Fullerton Weaver, former national indoor doubles champion, and Miss Marie Wagner,
national indoor title holder, all were headliners in the tournament just finished.
Tennis Followers Eagerly Awaiting
Association Meeting Next Friday
Present Officers Expect In?
dorsement of Their Work
By Fred Hawthorne
Followers of lawn tennis the countty
over await with keen interest and
anxiety the results of the meeting of
? the United States National Lawu Ten
I nis Association, to be held at the Wal?
dorf-Astoria next Friday afte/nom ai'd
I evening. Matters of the utmost im
! portanco to the future of the game
! depend upon the action of the dele
gates at this meeting, and among the
most important of these? will be the
annual election of officers.
It requires no student of lawn tennis
matters to realize the tremendors
strides the game has taken under the
administration about to terminate it-J
tenure of office. Under Major Geoige
Townsend Adee and his fellow officers
tennis has arisen to a place of im?
portance among me major sports that
j must ever redound to the credit cf
I those whose guiding hands led it? safaly
| past the crisis raised by a world at
When Major Adee last August tempo
I rarily abandoned the office of presi
! dent the executive, committee named
' Julian S. Myrick, of this city, as acting
I president, and there could not have
i been a wiser choice. Mr. Myrick has
| shown the same rare faculty for con
i structive work and legislation that
1 Major Adee brought to bear in his con
' duct of the office, and if the ticket
| named by the nominating committee?
i viz., Major Adee for president, Mr.
[ Myrick for vice-president, Edwin Fuller
i Torrey, secretary, and George Wight
' man, treasurer?is elected next Friday,
then followers of the game may look
! forward with confidence to an even
I more notable administration.
The U. S. N. L. T. A., with these men
; in control, has taken a leading part in
'? directing the trend of athletic affairs
' since the start of the war. It was the
first organisation to recommend the
abandonment of title play after the
, United States entered the war, before
, the draft law was in effect, and was
likewise among the first to offer its
i services to the government in any ca?
How the association equipped and
completely manned an ambulance sec
. jtion for active service in France is too
| well known to need detailed description
Will Pay Us
BANZAI! Ichiya Kumcv
gde, the wonderful lit?
tle Japanese who stood
tennis playing America on
its head in 1016, when he
came out of the Far East,
won the New York State
championship, defeated Will?
iam M. Johnston on the
courts of the Newport Ca?
sino and was ranked at No.
5 in the "first ten," is coming
back to Neto York and to
American lawn tennis.
Word ivas received last
week to the effect that Ku?
magae will arrive here syme
time next month and ivill es?
tablish a permanent resi?
dence in the metropolis, for
he will enter the employ of a
Japanese importing firm.
here, and those players who were
chiefly responsible for the success of
the undertaking?Miss Molla Bjv?r
stedt, Miss Mary K. Browne, Miss
Marion Vanderhoef, Frederick B. Alex
? ander, Harold A. Throckmorton, Will?
iam M. Johnston, Robert "Lindley Mur
| ray, S. Howard Voshell and George
I Myers Church, among others?have
! placed their names high in the regard
i of followers of tennis wherever the
? game is played.
The recommendation of the executive
I committee that all championships be
i restored this season and all trophies
I placed again in competition, follows
j as a logical result of the enactment of
the draft law. Now that the United
States can obtain all the men she
j needs for the service, without relying
; Women May Change Place
by Holding Their In?
j on volunteers, the last objection to the I
i holding of title tourneys has been re
i moved and it is with the indorsement
I of the Federal authorities that they ;
'. are restored to their original status.
It was not with the intention of sec- j
; ing again the great players of last ?
i year plaving in thes tournaments that
induced 'the U. S. N. L. T. A. to take
! the step, but primarily to bring out, de
: velop and encourage the younger men,
! and no one can dispute the> wisdom of ?
such a move.
This, then, is the record of the pros
: ent administration, the administration
'; that has been asked to serve again in
1918. Does any man doubt the wisdom
I of electing the official ticket as named?
Can the opposition, however strong its
following, put forth any such record
| of achievement? Wo doubt it.
The women players of the metropoli
! tan district have started a movement
i to transfer their annual national in
! door championship tournament from
I tho 7th Regiment Armory, where it
' has been conducted since its incep
i tion, to the courts of the Heights
| Casino, in Brooklyn, where the invi
? tation tourney that closed yesterday
j was held with such conspicuous suc
I cess. These women yould like to see
j the change made this year, if possible,
? but, in any event, next year and there
I The change would seem, to us a wise
one. Although there are only two
courts at the Casino, the other ad?
vantages, so far outweigh anything the
regimental armory can offer that there
does not seem any basis of comparison.
Harry McNcal, the Casino professional
demonstrated last week, with an entry
list of twenty eight players in the
singles alone, that the tournament can
be run off on such an efficient time
I schedule as not to cause congestion at
i any time.
The lighting conditions at the Casino
j are incomparably better than those at
! the 7th Armory, and this is equally
I true of the surface conditions, the can
\ vas court cocvering of the Brooklyn
courts being far superior to the board
floors of the armory. To nail the lest
rivet in tho argument, the question of
; expense would be entirely eliminated
? ??, the Casino.
Over the Bridge, then, with the
1 women's national indoor tournament!
"General Athletics for Alls
Specialized Sport for None*
Motto of Sargent
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Feb. 9.?a g^.
tern of compulsory athletics is rnoi?
than likely to ba put in forco at Har
vard aftsr the war. The inauguration
of such a plan at Cambridge ig stanch,
ly approved by Dr. Dudley A. Sargent
director of the Hemenway gymnasiaa'
and Fred W. Moore, graduate manager
of the Harvard Athletic Association.
These men admit that tho present
war has shown them that college g?,
letics, as they have been conducted for
a number of years, are all wrong; tig, '
the attention paid to the specialfcj
few, to the detriment of the many ?,
unpardonable, and that .iow within
country in need of the well-develop.^
youngster for a man's job overse?
the American colleges can give only?
handful, when rightly they should be
contributing by the thousands.
"I certainly do favor the adoption of
a form of compulsory athletics at Har?
vard," said Fred W. Moore, who haj
virtually abandoned his desk at the
offices of the H. A. A. in order to carry
out his new duties as captain in the
quartermaster's reserve corps. "Onr
colleges have learned to their sorrow
that the system in use for the further?
ance of athletics is dead wrong. \fo
have been following a will 'o the wisp,
as it were, only to have been blown.so
far away by the war that I hope it
never returns. I cannot ray that Har?
vard will adopt such a radical though
rational step after thy war, but I per?
sonally favor ;t."
Dr. Dudley Sargent has been a fixt?
ure at Harvard for years, and he has
contended all along that something was
lacking in modern college sports.
"My motto for collegiate use would
be, 'General athletics for all; special?
ized sport for none,' '' said Dr. Sargent
"Just think, from 25 to 50 per cent of
our young men are physically v.npre
pared for military service. Isn't that a
striking indictment of the system of
athletics in vogue in our country?
"Gymnastics and athletics were origi
nal'.y practised for the purpose of pre
j paring men for war. And all were in?
? pressed into service. Any college sport
I that becomes so highly specialized tbat
j only men of special aptitude or ability
i can take part in it should not have
j standing as of practical sen-ice in a
j democratic community. Such sports be
j ccme pastimes only fit for occasional
amusement or entertainment.
: "I sincerely hope that our college?.
grown wise to the evils that they have
encouraged in athletics all around them,
? will adopt compulsory athletics until
such a time comes when the students
themselves will recognize the obligation
they are under to become healthy citi?
zens and stalwart defenders of the
country. And the American colleges
must lead the way in this respect."
Kingsley School suffered its most de?
cisive basketball defeat of the season at
the hands of Hacklev School en the let?
ter's court, at Tarrytown, N. Y., yester
: day. The score was 31 to 15. Unneces
; sary roughness was manifest through
: out the game, as seventeen fouls wer?
! called against Hackley and fifteen
The Hackley Boyr. "bottled up" Ca?
; anaugh, the Kingsley star, and the
; close guarding prevented him from
i showing at his best. However, he caged
, four of Kingsley's fiv? field goals, but
; was able to score in only four of eh
! teen chances from the foul line.
i Bliven and Tyson were Hackley1?
i most prominent representatives, count?
ing 27 points for their tesm. At half
time Hackley had assumed a lead of
18 to 8.
The line-up follow?:
Hack'.ey (31). Position. tXlafr?lf-y AM
? Bli-f?n .l>. Y.A*iw
BrlnckertioS .B. r. C*?an?*V
Tyson .C. Bel?
Pariter . r,. ?-, . Donnlrs
M:;i:P!o:i .11. G.Gotptx
\ Goals from Seid?Hackley: Bitten (?n, Tys?& Hi.
' Briiu&erlioft*. Parker. Kingsley: Cj?anaugti ?JJj
Kf-'.l C.--..U from foul?Bliven. 9 out of II; at
ana?gh, I out of 13: Hacl;??r. 1 out ?:' I. Suta?W?
HackfiT for Alfaro. Refer???? H. I'-isu:???. I*
; Witt Clinton Hig Stdiool. Time ? ?: li?;?.e-?--T<rtW
I and flt'totii minut??.
We fear the worst. Charles "Brush" |
Harvey, godfather of Marty McCue's
new boxing bill, promised to call us up i
last night and give us the low-down on |
the action taken at the meeting of Mc
Cue, Harvey and the sporting writers
at Charley Doesserick's Pioneer Sport
ing Club yesterday afternoon for the
purpose of suggesting certain changes
in the McCue measure.
Not a sound! Not a single tingle of
the telephone bell! And our fingers are
actually palsied as we try to strike the :
keys of this jitney typewriter. The
Harvey silence is ominous, for it is
rarely that Charley loses the power of
speech. What can the matter be?
We darkly suspect that Charles
"Brush," McCue and the "press boys"
got so "het up" in offering their sug?
gestions and counter suggestions that
the Pioneer ring was the only fitting
place in which to settle the matter.
And, oh! how we fear for Charley and
Marty! Think of those twin heroic
souls battling for their lives right in
the middle of a nest of Hard Boiled
Nothing makes Gunboat Smith sick,
or perhaps he figures that there is
nothing below the cellar, for yesterday
the Gunner started in training for his
bout with Kid Wagner at Wilkesbarre
on February 18.
Now. that is all right as far as it
goes, but see, Paula, what the old boat
is going to do next! James Joyous
Johnston, the Bland Boy Bandit, who
manages the Ancient Mariner, has
"promised" Gunboat to match him with
Ferocious Fred Fulton if he first whip?
Wagner. Oh, James! Oh, Bandit! Isn't
that something like promising an un?
suspecting che-ild a stick of dynamite
camouflaged as a stick of candy?
Danny Goodman, former fighter and
manager of fighters, is making good
with the boys in khaki. Danny is at
present "over there" in Brooklyn, pa?
trolling the waterfront, at the back end
of a sixteen-inch bayonet, but between
tours of duty he has arranged his
programme for the big show he will
! stage at the Fairmont A. C. next Tues?
day night. The proceeds will be used
I for iba baying o? boxing gloves for
Goodman'-, company at Camp Merritt,
Tenafly, N. J.
In plac? of Irish patsv fline, wbo
was originally scheduled to appear
against Allie Nack, but had to decline
because, of his coming bout with
Johnny Dundee. Goodman las fixed an?
other bout that should be fully as
fast. For the main event he will of er
Joe Lynch, the New York bantam, who
recently knocked out Kid Williams, and
ferry Miller. K. O. Circus and George
Brown and- Mickey Dunn and Corona
Kid are also on the card, and each and
every little laddie has sworn a solemn
oath, "cross? my heart and hope to die,"
if he doesn't do his best to knock the
other guy cold.
Soldier Athletes to
Compete in Big Games
Over two hundred and fifty soldier
and civilian athletes will compete in
the eighteen races to be held in con?
nection with the second set of bi-week?
ly preparedness games for the bea?*^
of the Metropolitan Association A. A. u>
war activities fund at the 13th Regi?
ment Armory. Sumner and Jefferson
avenues, Brooklyn, on Lincoln's Birth?
day Eve, Monday. February 1!.
The soldier athletes will come fr00
Camp Upton and Camp Dix, For?
Wadsworth, Hamilton, Slocum an?
Hancock, and the sailor athletes will
represent the various naval training
stations around New York.
The most prominent entrants in ?*J
300-yard race are George DerneU, ?
the Boys' Club, metropolitan quarter
mile champion; Eddie Frick, N?*
York A. C. metropolitan half-???
champion; Pete White, metropolitan
100-yard and national junior 220-yarf
champion; Arthur Reilly, Knights *?
St. Antony; James O'Brien. Lough.??
Lyceum; Jack Sellers, New York A. ?-???
and Edward Haupt, Bronx Churc?
Strunk Refuses to Sign
PHILADELPHIA. Feb. 9.-A???
Strunk, star outfielder, who w?? re?
cently sold by Connie Mack to the Bos?
ton Red Sox. has refused to sign w
? contract offered him by Harry ?RM??*
I manager ?? the Boston dub. ?***
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