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Prejudice, Wraith Among
Nations, Should Be Laid Americans Urged to Support All Allies With Spirit of Good Will as Well as Mili tary Aid?War Antidote for Much of Poison of Histories By Herbert Fitch Nara^ Japan* tT^ROM the few American periodicals ' thai reach me in .Tapan I learn with groat regret that there ap? pears to be a tendency on the part of a ?mall minority of Americans to holJ prejudice against the British people and to resent reference to Americans as an "Anglo-Saxon race," To-day many English and some American families boast of direct Nor? man descent, and resent being classed as Anglo-Saxons, which implies distant Low-German origin. Allowing for hu? man vanity, one can understand that proud people might wish to trace their descent from conquerors rather than from tho subjugated. It is an innocent pastime. Very few families listed in cither Burke's "Peerage" or *'Landed Gentry" can authentically prove beyond the latter part of the ?twelfth century, when heraldry was first established in England. A great part of these few are Irish, 1 recall. While somo few Americans, on ac? count of fancied Norman derivation, Ho not care to bo called Anglo-Saxon?, there is a far more important and di? verse population that has no affinities whatever with eithcT Ang'lo-.Saxon or Norman characteristics, l'hcte are de? scendants of various Continental and other races. These naturally TC-sent any sweeping classification. Better to-day, 1 think, to erase all these foreign hy? phens and havo but one class of citi? zens in the United State*. "Unistaiian" might serve to distinguish us from the twenty or more other "American'' na? tions, in North, Central and South America, who have as much right to the title "American** as we have As to any prejudice against the Eng? lish race, or lukewarnmcss to the cause in which Great Britain is so nobly en? gaged, I can hardly conceive that, such conditions can exist in the United States, except among distinct pro-Ger? mans. No nation, not even our own, has ever entered into a war not origi? nally of their own making or immedi? ate vital concern with less to gain if successful than have the English in the present stand against the aggressions of the modern ".Scourge of God."' Americans Should Support All Allies Americans should, and they do, love the French nation as a sister republic Likewise should we hold to stalwart friendship and support for all our al? lies without entertaining the leasl prejudice against their forms of gov? ernment or their imperial aspirations. We, too, have our own decided national aspirations, and while these have not reached the limits of world-wide im? perial domination they arc closely de? fined at this moment, and they will be tacitly and persistently carried on to the end. We were merely a big, over? grown nation ten or twenty years ago commanding world interest because oi our resource.-?- To-day wo are the cqua of any world power, and we have ar established object, with a united people behind that object. The object, broadly is to make the United States safe foi all time in her heritage of "'life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." Did not our own "Citizen'' Gcorgt Washington, whose farewell nddres: should now be engraved on every loya heart, say" Against the insidious wiles of for? eign influence I conjure yon to be? lieve me, fellow citizens, the jealousy of a free people ought to be constant? ly awake, since history and experi? ence prove that foreign influence is one of the most baleful foes of re? publican government- ... The great rule of conduct for us in re? gard to foreign nations is to have with them as little political connec? tion as possible- . . . Europe has a set of primary interests which to us have none, or a very remote, relation. Hence she must bo engaged in fre? quent controversies, the causea of which aro essentially foreign to our concerns. . . . Our detached and distant situation invites and enable? us to pursue a different course- If we remain one people, under an efficient government, the period is not far off when we may defy material iDJury from external annoyance. U. ?5. Secure For 100 Years George Washington said these thing: and for over one "hundred years aftc the close of England's second war wit us?1814?"?r? remained secure froi "external annoramee" (except for th Mexican and brief Spanish -war) unt the decadent, inbred Hohenzoller egoist ran amuck against all mankin And we have taken our independei r.tand not for any European ideals, bi for the United States of Amcrit ?gainst Germany and her accomplice Our President stated in his war me sage: "The challenge (by Germany) to all mankind. Each nation must di cide for itself how it will meet it." Wo must not permit projudit against any ally to weaken thy ger oral cause.. Too often have I hear' particularly in the Orient and in Au: tralasia? the most thoughtless and na row remarks airaJnst tho.se whose cau? is ours.. Russia? filled with Intrigu and rent by dissensions, lias com? 1 for the most virulent criticism 1 those ignorant but dangerous peopl who still visualize this torn, troddi nation as "the bear that walks like man*! Others, nominally Allies, bi chauvinistic and imperialistic in the souls, stoop to belittle openly oi stanch Romanic friends, attributin , > them inferior attainments an Ljualities. In Australasia, ? deeply r< grot to say, resident or visiting Amo ?cans possessing any pride or patrio' ism havo had for over three years t clench their teeth and either <juietl I b?ar what is said about tbem. often to tbeir faces, or suffer tho cons?quences that can legally be visited upon any ; alien who is reasonably thought by any , military officer to be disaffected or dangerous. If any one doubts this statement let him read the tiles of al? most any Australasian newspaper be? ginning in the fall of 1914, and also inquire of any self-respecting and candid American travellers who have returned home. It is unnecessary to say that educated, broad-minded Aus? tralasians have not shared this stupid animosity, any more than that the same type of American holds to igno? rant prejudices against the British. .Narrow, provincial prejudice is at the bottom of all these racial misunder? standings, and ? think it may have ? taken root largely through the false teachings of the more popular "his ? tones'* which cither chauvinists or plainly ignorant insular ?writers on ; both ?-ides have viciously, or foolisb ! ly, put before the millions of growing young people of different countries. Chauvinism is the most, insidious bad habit I know a thousand times worse than opium or alcohol! It is humanly tempting to jump upon a racial mound of earth and crow at all corners. It :s abo tho easiest way to start a fight! Finding Antidotes for Historical Poison The name of the American school history -which gave me my first im? pressions is fortunately forgotten. Had 1 not been of a curious disposition T should have absorbed its narrow teachings as gospel truth. Hume, Ms caulay, Trevclyan. Burke's speeches and i those of his overwhelming opponents, our own Bancroft and Irving, and later, the scholarly McMastcrs, were anti? dotes to that school historian's poison. Wbcn, in Australasia, it first dawned i upon me that 1 was not loved by the j populace as a democratic brother, but 1 was rather looked upon as an alien dis I senter against the "Red,'' I sought for i the reasons. 1 went first to the public ? libraries, those founts of popular wis ? dom that are now to be found in every ? clime. 1 must say in passing that thosr ? in Australasia, while excellent, are not | attended to the extent that is usual ir j England and America. I found many ! historical works by British authors particularly Sir George, Trevclyan's ex : haustive "History of the. America! Revolution" all of which gave the i most lucid and unprejudiced accounts but "which were all of such a solid char? acter that they would hardly appeal tc the average young person. The ex? cellent physical condition of tlies?' j books testified to the fact that the} were not popular even with adults. ! I searched further, and came upon well j worn "historical books" in large paper \ large type, pleasing format, with "beau I tiful" painted illustrations ?the kind ol ; gift, books one selects for studious Ton | or Jane, on their sixteenth birthdays. ; Feeling Pity for ! the Chauvinist ? My quest for "tho other side of lh< , story" ended right here! No wondei ! that rank seeds of prejudice, sown ir ? the minds of the young, should hav? I taken roots that surcad through tin I less intelligent majority of entire na ; tions! Here are some, of the para ' graphs T read. I\1y teeth were set firm i ly while reading, and anger caused i j trembling all through my body. Later I when passion had subsided, a feeling o i great pity for the chauvinist who ha? I brought his uiii<|Ue literary talents t? such degraded depths overcame me I Please read these choice bits dispas ? sionatcly, if you can: THIS AMERICAN REBELLION 1 Twas not while England's sword unsheathe? Put half a world to flight. Nor while their new-built cities brcalhfj Secure behind her might, ; Not -while eh?* poured from Vole to Lino Treasures an?! ships and men ; These worshippers at Freedom's shrine, They did not quit her theu I Not till their foca were driven forth By England o'er the main. ?s'et. till the Frenchman from the North Had gone, ?ill? shattered Spain; N<?t till the clear-swept ocean showed No hostile flag unrolled, Di?i they remember what they owed To Freedom anil were hoi?! 1 1 shall leave it, to the reader to dis cover the authorship of these line: He is not an Englishman. He lived, a ! I recall, for some years in New llamr. ! shire, among the descendants of thos i "American rebels" he so cruelly stip niatiz.es as belated patriots, if not ai ! rant cowards! Those men, those Bos I ton "rebels," as George 111 called then ! were, unlike ?the "Four Georges," c ' English blood almost to a man, th i kind of Englishmen who for hundred i of years have braved the dangers c i sea and wilderness to gain person! liberty and to hold it aprainst all af gressors. And this East Indian write . whose name will live forever on a? count of earlier incomparable storic and verses of Indian life, has, throug : exaggerated imperialism. permittc himself to mar his record in this mai I nor! , Pointing Their Own Kind of Truth But, perhaps, after all, he did ni write this tine poetry, or "doggerel," i ' a North Englishman impatiently call? it, when i showed the poem to hir i The book in which it appears is call? ! the "History of England," and it \vi | written by two authors in collaborate \ 1'erhaps the other writer is responsib i for this particular hit. Had this poe appeared in the year 1811, immediate prior to the outbreak of the secor war betwen England and America, oi could more easily understand the an mus,?but it. was published on* hui dred years later, in 1911, by tho Clarei don Press, in England, and by Doubl day, in America, and is dedicated to tl youth of the British Empire. The fe vid collaborators proceed to tell the kind of "historical truth as follows: There was born in all our colon I ists a spirit of resistance to govern j ment in general, and the quite fool ! ish notion that all government is op ' pressive, (Note: For fifty years afte the establishment of the Massachu setts Bay Colony in 1(330 it. was jrov trued by American-English as a re ? public in every sense of the word II. F.) Such a spirit might casi!; I lead to rebellion. The colonist knew that all around them thcr were Frenchmen, Dutchmen an? Spaniards, easting greedy eyes oi their riches, and that against thes? fees only the British fleet could pro In the upper row (from the left)? Astral amusements: Mark Twain in a swing with an "elemental" to swing him; Mark Twain swimming through space; an astral portrait of himself, by himself; astral author? ship. Lower ro??Satan, Prince of Evil (the chair is .Wi miles high, showing how much evil there is); Mark's own por? trait of his spirit, "a beautiful egg ?shining with a bright, rosy, gol? den light"; his spirit in state, with an "elemental" to carry his train. tect them. So some sort of pre? tence of loyally to their mother country was almost a necessity to them. The mother country usually left them to themselves and never taxed them. It sent, them Governors who 'took the lead in society' but. did little governing. On one thing England insisted, that the colonists were to buy their goods wholly from English merchants and must scud theirs to England. Because of the power of our navy we were ablo to crush the commerce of any nation that would not fight against France. Soon only in Britain could any one buy manufactured articles. This control of the world's trade did not c??me to U3 at once, and not without hard lighting. In Canada we had really little difficulty in making friends with our .French subjects, for they hated and feared the pushing Americans, and knew we would de? fend them against these men. In Australia we had nothing but a few miserable blacks, in New Zealand .1 more warliko brand, (sic) Our American colonies, having no French to fear any longer, wanted to be free from our control altogether. They utterly refused to pay a penny of the two hundred million pounds that, the war had cost us. They equally refused to maintain a garri? son of British soldiers they intend? ed to shake off all our restrictions on their trade and to buy and sell ir. whatever market they could find. When our Parliament proposed, in 1701, to make them pay a small frac? tion of the war c?st they called it oppression and prepared to rebel. Wc failed to beat them, (sic) It was a hopeless business from the first. We did not semi enough men. We did not have them to send. The Americans sought French help; tho French were delighted at a chanco ? of avenging their losses in a former war. For a few months the navies of all the world were against us, so when C'ornwallis, with 7,000 men, was obliged to surrender to a French and American 1 sic) force at York town in 1781 wc determined to with? draw from America, after which, haying our hand.-, free, wc finished the naval war victoriously in other fiuarters. Rodney smashed tho French in the West Indies. By the treaty of 1783 wc acknowledged th?j independence of America. France bad hoped for her help to receive valuable trading privileges, but tho Americans showed no more j.rrati tude to her than they had previously shown to us! Congress of Allies Might Change Things If the "youth of the British Empire" were to be nurtured exclusively on this s?>rt of diet, could one blame them if they grew into insular, prejudiced men tuid women?. As I have said, they have but to read "The American Revolu? tion." by that truly cultured native Englishman, Sir George Trevelyan, in order to gather the unbiassed truth. Tho trouble is that young people do not want, to exert themselves to read mature, weighty histories. They usu? ally prefer lighter literature! 1 think the dangers (hat false chau? vinistic and imperialist ?i? doctrines bring to the world are greater (ban any other influences. Perhaps a Congress of Allies might not find this subject beneath their dignity to discuss. If national prejudices could be eliminated how would it, he possible to stir na? tions into war'.' Californians do not fight Bostonians. Why should Euro pcans. throughout history, have rushed periodically at each other's throats, if :jot fur ih" reason that national preju? dice;', intensified by difference in lan? guages and customs, were designedly kept alive by chauvinists? The Hohcnzollcrns havo struck this national chord of racial .animosity; they have played upon il tellingly since Bis? marck's time and see the result! Who would follow such a policy, even if it. were not certain to lead to defeat and ruin ? Australians and American:; ought to understand each other, if any two peoples in the world should. Before the war Australia, in area, was the largest potential democracy in the world, and America the greatest, in population. ( We can hardly count China or Russia as yct,i Australia is lik?'ly, from present in? dications, to emerge from t ho war fully as democratic as before. One cannot sei? how she can fail to grow into one of the most populous and most powerful nations in the due course of time- for her slock of men and women, and of children, numbering hardly ever five millions, i<? of the best, kir.d of material for the future building of a great people. America, in 1800, had but live millions, a great majority of whom were of English blood, and these were no sturdier nor more self reliant, than are the Australians of ?!'> day, nlthough I must admit, that the latter are more pleasure-loving and luxurious, for they are blessed with more wealth and much easier economic condition." than were our forefathers. "Australia and America!" How neat? ly they blend in one's mouth. Would. [ they could do so in brotherly spirit.! Two great democracies -one ?'i vast commonwealth, the other <-i stalwart re? public! If a Congress of Allies would only consider the publication, through some 1 society or other, of inexpensive official I handbooks of the histories of each of the Allies, in various languages an?! ; with many attractive illustrations and circulate these to the ends of the earth, I then would narrow racial prejudices ? gradually be swept from the minds of ; people, and the chauvinist be discred I il?d and defeated! , __________??????????? ON Christmas Eve, at about Christ- \ mas tree time in many thousands of homes in America, there gath- ! i ercd in several dimly lighted barrack ; buildings on an isolated, wind swept j ' spot in France several hundred Anieri- j : can boys, clad in the khaki uniform of i Uncle Sam's air service. As they stjod in line waiting for i their squadron commander to appear and explain his reason for calling them | together, they laughed and joked a ! little but not much. There was a far? away look in many eyes. Yet not even the keenest observer could detect any sign of discontent. Here was a set determination to "seo the thing through," no matter what the ?tost. Homesick perhaps. fitit dis? couraged never! As the officers entered, the low hum of conversation ceased abruptly; im - ; mediately '.ho men came to "atten i lion." The lieutenant in command of ' one of the squadrons walked slowly ! down the line until he reached the ccn i tre of the big barracks. The remain | ing group of officers paused at the doorway where several women in the ! uniform of American Red Cross can I teen workers were also gathered. "This is Christmas Eve, men,'' began < the lieutenant, "All of you have prob? ably spent many Christmas Eves which have proved more enjoyable, but none of yon has ever been engaged upon s greater, nine humanitarian task thai ! you have started upon at. this Yulctide .Of all other Christmases I am sure \ none will remain longer in your mem? ory and no other will bring grcatc i pride to you in future years than the memory if this one. j "You all know the shipping condi ! tions that exist, so you will not bi ? surprised to learn that very few pros ents direct from the ones who love yoi I across the sea have been receiver! 1 But. that doesn't mean that you hav been forgotten. There is an America! organization in France to-day that ha remembered each and every one of yoi It is the American R^d Cross, and thei representatives here the representa ! tive women of America have come t make these gifts in person." ? There was a moment of tense silenci ' Not a man stirred. Into the eyes c some ? the more impressionable, perhap there came a .suspicious mist. Bi: all remained at attention until th : command "At ease" was given. Then murmur of talk broke out, which ir creased in volume as the men saw th big pilo of Red Gross Christmas bag I being brought into the barracks. "Merry Christmas." said the Re Cross women as they handed a bag t I each man. "Thank you, same to you i was the hearty reply, and a beamin ! smile went with it. The murmur < ?conversation became a rumble, inte ? rupte?l here and there by a shout i I the men began opening the bags. "What d'yoti know about that?" cried ono enthusiastic soldier. "A card from my home town Detroit." And so it was. He had received a bag. In the bag which came to him were gifts from people in his home city. And his was not an isolated instance. Some of the company commanders took the rosters of their squadrons and endeavored to sort the bags so that each man would receive a bag bearing a card from his home city. Like Youngsters Round Christmas 1 ice The barracks hummed with jollity The men opened their bags eagerly spread the contents on nearby table: and examined them with all the enthu? siasm of the youngster at the foot ol tho tree on Christinas morning. The large khaki handkerchief fille? with American candy was the first sur prise in the bags. Then came a was! cloth, soap and towels, toothbrush tooth paste and shoestrings. But whci the large package of American tobacc two packages of cigarettes, a tin o good smoking tobacco and three bags o pipe and cigarette tobacco-came, t light enthusiasm boiled over. "I'll bet my mother had something t do with ehoosing these things," shoutc one youth as lie laid out the present on the table. As the last of the men tiled past th Bed Cross women "Santa Clauses" a officer's voice rang out. "What's the matter with the Be Cross! " he boomed. ''They're all right!" came back th answer with a chorus of hundreds c voices. "Who's all right ?" "The. American Red Cross!" The words came like a peal of thui <!cr. The sound swept over the caui[ made the lonely guards stop for a m< ment in their steady tramp and rolle on until it was lost in the distant hill Three cheers and a tiger were pr< posed for the "representative wome of America." and again the newly mac wooden barracks shook with burst ? sound. The Red Cross women smile then broke into excited laughter; oi cried, unashamed, in the sheer joyou r.ess of the moment. And this scene was repeated mat times that evening and the succeedii Christmas Day. Due to military erne gencies all of the squadrons "at tl c?mp were not able to be assembled the same hour. So each of the hui barracks had a separate hour for tl "coming of Santa Claus," but by no? on Christmas every one of the tho sands of men? for this camp bears t distinction of being the largest avi tion training school in the world?h received his Red Cross Christmas b from the hands of a "rcpresentati woman of America," "Why, if it wasn't for the Americ. Red Cross, I don't know what wc shou do here," one young fellow said. "I a cinch we wouldn't have had much a Christmas." Mark Twain Sends Illustrated Notes From the Dark Beyond Dead Author Shyly Pins Communications to ci Young Woman's Door?He's Not Stuck Up Over There, but Knows He Is Beautiful CCOMMUNICATION'S from the spirit . world ar" becoming so frequent these days that, there is growing fun in the lament of Long John Sil? ver's practical minded bos'n that "kill? ing parti?;s is a waste of time." The latest is Murk Twain and he is illus? trating his spirit messages! Of course, he is original about it. No planchette, no rappings, no snoring medicine for Mark. He writes his messages out himself, and pins them to the wall, or yecrctC3 them among a young woman's lingerie. He smuggles his drawings into locked trunks. He signs them with a scrawl that looks like his human signature if one's faith is strong enough. His methods are epochal in the spirit world. All this on the authority of "Azoth," a monthly of the higher and future life. It gives twelve pages to a record of his revelations and docs not print them all! This, in spite of the remarkable impression he has made on the editors. "However incredible it may seem to all but Spiritualists," says "Azoth," "the spirit has used pen and ink with his own spirit hands, or by some other un? known means." Finally Faith Sprouted in Her The fortunate recipient of Mr. elem? ent's revelations is a Miss Eunico Winkler -her address is not given, but it appears that she is charming, intelli? gent, and is attending a manual train? ing high school. "Azoth" has examined both her and her mother. It is con? vinced. The girl herself supports this view in , a letter to "Azoth." "I never believed in any of the cur ' rent; supernormal phenomena," she ! writes in telling how she bought e ? planchette. "I was exceedingly ma ! terialislic. I though?, that when a mar died that was the end of him, so far as wc were concerned." But the planchette did stunts anc faith sprouted in her. Then one morn? ing she found a note pinned to her bed room wall; she locked the door, but that did not keep out the next note i the window, it seems, was five storie: up, so that unless a spirit the writci could not come in by it). Her mothei slept with her a few nights, and bat some effect, for a note said "Mothei breaks current." So mother withdrev and the current ran again. The firs: notes were "silly?" but they gradually became intelligent. Finally, there was a farewell note and the current broke; so far it ha: stayed broken. But three weeks late Miss Winkler found fen pictures in th< bottom of her trunk. Fears Many Will Not Believe Her She fears her "Enlightenment to th ! World" will meet with some skepti ? cism. "I know there arc many wh will not believe this story," she writes ?"There is too much room for fabrica \ tion. But I leave it to the public t trust my word." The contents of the enlightenment ar disappointing even to "Azoth," whic appears to have set a high standard b which to judge its angel contributor; I They are not "of much value to ou [ knowledge of after death states," i complains. Nevertheless, to one not a , versed as "Azoth" in post-mortem soci ology they are certainly interesting. Friends of Mr. Twain will be mo? concerned about his personal situatior i It. is good, and he is happy vcrj i He writes under the heading, "Beaut ! and Blue": "This plane is full of beauty an lov?1 and truth. We ourselves arc o ? a rather remarkable nature, beautifu I of course. I don't want to seem stuck i up, but I know that I am beautiful. "I look nothing at all like the physi ? cal or astral Samuel Clemens. I ar | an egjr (in form, that is; I am nc : an embryo chicken)?a beautiful eg j shining with a bright, rosy, golde light. I describe myself because tha is easiest As everybody else look like me, in describing myself I dc i scribe all. We radiate a sort o? pho; phorescent light, visible only at nigh I Thus, day and night are all one u here. At day the sun lights us; i I night we light ourselves. IGold With Faint Pink Mixed In "We are a sort or faint gold wit the faintest of pink mixed in?o dear! What an awful, awful language to try und describe things with! I can't find any other words to suit, and yet those don't even come within a mile of the mark. F shall have to leave it to your imagination to get the color. "You should let. your imagination run full play at times. It is worth more than you ever dreamed of. "Can you realize what it means to have no evil around? That is the mental plane. Can you realize what it is to be able to hear only beautiful sounds sounds far beyond mortal ears? That is the mental plane. Can you realize what it means to see noth? ing but beauty, beauty such as you never realized was in existence? That is the mental plane. Can you realize what it is to know anything you wish' That is the mental plane. Think of it! "And yet you sit. in a flimsy greei thing called a park and breathe in the air of evil and say, 'How beautiful i: this!' Miserable' reptiles! Earth chained worms! Wake up! Think and know! For to me you are as tin beetle, thoughtless, vain, proud, boast, ing of your miserable possessions o diluted gold, putting yourself in th? mouth of the danger of evil in you vanity. Oh, why is a mortal thus In other words, why is a fool? Oou' dress up in your Sunday best like th peacock and go turning round in fron of the world as on a pivot! Live! "There is one emotion left to th dwellers on the mental plane happ ness. The happiness of living, the jo of being belongs to us. I am strivin to tell you all, but I fear it is wa, way beyond your narrow eomprehet sions. Just imagine! Imagine blue Think of blue! And you dream of me! Was Already Fitted To Mental Plane More detail? of the "mental plain and his activities there arc given another note. "N'o one knew it, but when.I dit in my heart 1 really believed nothii doubted nothing. 1 came out he ?itfi the fixed idea that I would km at last the 'Great Secret." I was rea to lind out the why and wherefore, teacher, one not vet high enough be a master, yet who is already a me; ber of the Great White Lodge, show nie the why and wherefore of cvei thing. As a consequence, I am airea fitted for the mental plane. "Ho not say I was a materialist, was not. Neither was I a spiritual! I was one who determined to lind t the truths for myself. And my teacl (ah, would that 1 knew what he know: has given me,permission to impart : knowledge, little as it is, to the woi Through him. I. have not lived in ' usual cramped quarters and limi places of this astral plane. I hi travelled over ami over it, have si and heard everything. He thouj best, and I have placed myself entir under his protection. When you here, 'Go thou and do likewise.'" His observations regarding spi life, which "Azoth" passes over contributing nothing, were nevcrthci detailed. He denies that there ghosts. "You mortals never really sec i he writes. "If we want to appear you for something or other, we fix an elemental to look like us. Don't think you are beinc cheated,' hastens to assure us. "Remember i although it is not your deceased ative who is standing there, still warning comes from the relative 1 self. This elemental acts as a dium." Leaves in Darkness About "Element?is" This matter of "element?is" is of the points on which we might ? Mr. Clemens's spirit had been r detailed. He mentions them frequ ly as impersonating all kinds of pre, or even things, such as wings those souls who desire to be an but he gives no hint of their stance, origin or status. Appan they arc the lower classes of heav a kind of slaves to the more fortu spirits. Mr. Clemens reports that therf seven planes in each planet, the se\ being heaven. He has not ar there yet. The soul dies from plane into the next highest one. his knowledge of the diff?rent p is mostly hearsay. However, he some details, writing under the of "Astral Delusions." "Let us first take a man, a j chewing street laborer. He come here with a firm belief that he wil heaven, or what is to him he That is, a place of eternal rest % he can lie down in peace under a and chew garlic to his heart's co without worrying where Maria's meal is to come from. Here h? find that rest. He will not e\ any higher than the astral plan has not the intelligence to map o' next life. He desires only rest toil and that he finds. "Next take a churchgoer, one i strictest type. He expects to tin here a grand palace, too beauti describe. At the end of a large God, a magnified and glorified human being, is seated on a throne of ivory and gold. Around Him are grouped angel?, all singing and nlaylng harps, and all dressed in immaculate costumes und all supremely beautiful. I am afraid that that man 'Ml bo very much disappointed. Elemental? can imper? sonate the angels to sing and play, and he himself can be provided with wings, harp and halo. But the mainstay is ab? sent. No one can impersonate God ond God cannot neglect His all-impor? tant duties to come and sit on a throne to please one man. "Next take the atheist, the plaything of the Prince of Evil, the barbarian, the hopeless savage, who believes that the death of the earthly body ends nil; that man has no soul- there is no here? after. TheBC persons know no hereaf? ter. They sleep as if dead, lifeless, until their next incarnation." On the subject of devils, as was to bo expected, Mr. Clcmcns's spirit is precise: "In the beginning, as you probably know," he writes, "there was no evil. Paradise was in Atlantis-lost to you, perhaps forever. The fall is incor? rectly stutcd in the Bible. It was not Adam and Eve. (only those weren't their namesi who sinned. They were c.vcn faultless. It wa3 their son Cain ?"only that wasn't his name) who in? dented evil. There was no forbidden tree. Cain was selfish. He slew his brother. His evil thoughts coagulated Biid made Satan. Lies Make the Demon Larger "Indeed, Satan is composed of evil thought-;. Satan is murder. Every : thought that has to do with the plan? ning of murder goes to build up the great Prince of Evil. ? It will be note?. 1 that the writer fails to give aid ant ?comfort to the pacifists by sayinj ''killing.*; The lesser devils, his col I leazues, are each made up of a sepa rate style of evil thought. There i' the Devil of Lies. You can easil; I imagine how enormous be must be Every" lie told adds to his stature Then there is the Demon of Selfish i nes;. the Demon of Greed for Food the Demon of Greed for Drink, tb Demon of Greed for Gold. "The demons are made up of evil Take the Demon of Dies, for cvamplr Kvery time a lie is told anywhere i the world, he grows bigger. But ever time a lie is worked off by the liar (i accordance with the laws of Karma the Demon of Lies shrinks just s much. "Think how big the devils would b ; if no sins were worked off! "You must understand, though, tha sometimes a devil?in fact often -get too large to be. in his own estimatioi ?comfortable. So he divides in bal und forms two devils. These, if the get too big, also divide again. No ! you sec why there arc so many t the til.*' Plurality o? Devils, Some In the Air Writing again on "Demons of t! ; Air." he says: "Some people believe there is r devil, but there is. Not one, in fat' : but several. They arc a sort of wicke i soul collectors and tempter-. Tb? I don't shovel coal, but they shovel t' ! souls into hell. They are always c i the watch. Look out for them! Dor let them get you! The only way ! escape them is to 'Live pure, spei '. true, right wrong, follow the God.' "Then there are evil thoughts. The ?are thoughts sent out against sor ! on? too good and pure to receive the i sent out by some one too clever I have a reaction. These evil though j will rebound against any one wick | enough to receive them. "Besides these, there arc mar j many creatures too vile to becoi j human, who hang around in the ? I and cause suffering just for the pie; | ure of it -who cause sins to be co ; niit.ted for the pleasure of seeing t ! souls punished afterward. "But fear them not." j Only once does Mr. Cleineus's li j l"tig interest in philosophy cr i through. This is in a brief note on "T j Roa?? to Happiness." It will disappo I many besides "Azoth": "No man is happy but the insa j No man can realize the true earth a its contents and dwell there in hap j nesr. What you know as happine I what you strive after, is but a fteeti passing, transit .t, adulterated imi tion. Seek not the happiness of weal It is not there. Book for the hap, ness of helping others. It is the o other way to be happy. Help others go crazy. You have your choice. B bring happiness. In the one you not truly happy, because you can help feeling for the sorrows of oth? i In the latter >ou are supremely hap j Even so, I should not advise you > try it. It is \e-ry easy to go* en But, though it makes you happy | worries others, and that does not r I mankind. I fear that I am wander | The fact is that the joy of living o' i whelms inc." j He Describes j A Funny Sight Once also there is a touch of w ? might be called humor in the rev | tiens. This, perhaps, will be found j most disappointing of all the enlij : enments. Mark Twain writes: "Say! "I came on a funny sight this af | noon! I saw a perfectly respect; : soul out here for only a couple weeks, gray and brown hair, bun? of whiskers each ?^ide of his chin. ? otherwise smooth shaven, slight build and with an average look of telligence. He had a magnificent g ; en crown on his head, all set in jev ?There was a yellow plate (supp? 1 to he a halo; floating around his head, and two element?is had n I themselves into wings to please I And he -?vas dancing arouniJ in a t ? ridiculous manner, singing 'Hal jah. Hallelujah!' at the top of shrill lungs. Can you imagine : respectable person, with a fair am of intelligence, doing such a th Oh well! He was happy, poor fellow." Apparently some memory of " Twain'r> skepticism regarding enl enments has filtered through the pi to his spirit. Also other memo For his last note says; "Farewell to the world, to the s tical and unbelieving world! 1 | well! May God show you the li I don't, see that anything short j miracle will make you believe tr ! am I, that I am the true and ger Samuel Clemens, better known as ; Twain. i Mark Admits A Crime in Authorship "f only wish that the world r wake up to its faults end see wh it errs. I . "My two books, 'Mysterious Stra ; and 'What Is Man?'"are nothing j of crir**" I wish the former wer I printed. Don't print the latter, < I ever you do. I see my mistake I admit it. I confess it. I knev ; the truth at that time. I know it "May the blessing of God rest ! you, dear readers, and the best w ; of yours truly, MARK TWAI (An article by James H. H\ ? in the January number of the ". I nal of the American Societi ? Psychical Research," treats sen ' of the apparent communication ceived from Mark Twain throng : Ouija board and clairvoyants. j reference is mode to the *>< I lions" published in "Azotlu") Austrians Found Worse Off Than Their Prisoner* Treatment Better Than That of the German Camps Food Shortage Real Hunger Wearing Down Ffe. sistance of People, Wh0 Wish for Jail Rations By Paul Bartholow In a communication to the F.cij Cro? an Italian officer has just g:?ct3 a t?t??? account of conditions in Austria to .-.a? Lieutenant Mauro, who tell? th? story, is a surgeon, and 13 aboat the only offic-r of the Allied armies ?ho 1 as lived i'1 an Austrian town uni written a detailed description of Mj experience?, and impressions. After two years in prison he has collected a large amount of information, including :?olitic^l and ?conome facts. Six month?, were spent in the r.qualid dungeon of Lubiana. where he was in? terviewed by a correspondent of tbt "Frcmdenblatt." A translation of this conversation vas subsequently pub? lished in th< "Gioroale d Italia." The complete narrative, which appeared in October, is notable for its fairness. The gcner.il impression left is that Austrian '?mon camps .-ire governed with much less severity than the Ger? man, and, thanks to the Ucd Cross, the condition of the prisoners is iroprov.1 ing rapidly. This fact is a species of comfort, lor is it beyond the bounds of possibility that some of our om men.might be Austrian captives? The Italien surgeon was included in '.ho sixth exchange of prisoners be? tween Austria and Italy ar?d reached Lome ir. July. Early in the war, while attending the wounded, he war? Eur priscd and captured with hi.; stretcher bearers and held, contrary to the rules of the Canev?. < onvention. A few day? before, at Monte Nero, two Austrian surgeons had been taken and promptly released, l'r. Mauro protested a?ains'. the breach of international law, but was told that his captivity was an act of reprisal against the Russian?, who made .1 practice of keeping medical prison? ;?-. To his great chagrin he was ordered to march to the neighboring railway stntjon at Selo, where be and his men entrained for Lubiana. Here he found numbers of ItaJiansick ?!-d wounded, and he worked like a Trujan at the multifarious tasks of medicine. The life at Lubiana is fort? unately an exception. In the early" months of the war it. was not an exist encc for mental or physical weakling?, Living as iiuch prisoner- did, in an abominable prison, worried to death by official wiles and tyranny, improperly fed and segregated from th?"' wholesome distractions of their own country, it i? surprising that their views on Austrian life in general are not more darkly colored by their experience. Many Nationalities in Hospital City. The six month?? over, he found him? self in Mauthausen, a new and decent community. From the pictures it looks I like ;? pasteboard city of wooden build? ings, a sort of Coney Island, low-lying and sandy, or mostly of gentle rise and fall of hills in the Danube. It is a concentration camp, comprising all arms and men of divers nationalities? I Italians, Serbians, Rumanians, Alba? nians and Russians. Rows of new buildings were used as a hospital, which contained more than 3,000 beds for the reception of the sick and wounded. They are well equipped, save in so far as some medicines and foods are scarce. Here the Austrian officials were pleasant to meet, narrow in their interests, as might be expected, but wide hearted. The chief surgeon, nanW Stei.nmaurcr, receives special prai?p. That the Austrian is les? mesmerised j by Ids own particular official impor ! tancc than the German cannot be doubted by any one who knows him. : He is free from the worst vices of un? imaginative drudgery and mental serf ! dorn, and the super-official atmosphere ! that he breathes daily less often makes I him forget that regulations were made ; for man and not man fer regulations? ; Prisons like Lubiana are becoming rare, and the Italian officer noted that rules were relaxed immediately after the deatii of Francis Joseph. People Worse Off : Than Prisoners As a means to understand the prrs ' ont conditions in Austrian camps and I the political, social and economic state , of the country the impressions of the ? Italian s-irireoii are of great value. Ho saw that the population was in a serious, plight. Ir- the matter of food the pe? . pic are worse ol? than the prisoner:, 1 because the prisoners have for some time ben, receiving Red Cross supF'?tJ through Switzerland arid Italy. M"nt the shortage of food and medicines?*' r.cute, and the sick and wounded W?" fere?! especially. At. Mauthausen thes? is still .1 lack -though not so serious? 1 lack?of some articles of food, clothin* ' and surrrical dressings-. The hospit?l! have run short of bandages and anx'; thotics, but otherwise they are ??" equipped. Metical education in M** tria has always been efficient, and i- ?J said that Austrian armies have lo*" I comparatively few surgeons, owing*0 '.?'ir military rule of keeping uli dressing stations and ambulances &' ' eral kilometres behind the battle W* The Italians might adopt this plat; *???_?* advantage. The impression Mauthi?* uen rjeea is that the prison campa ??^ ?..-ovemed about as effectively ??''d *[ ! 1 : ti?- oppressively as enemies could o" expected to govern communities o*** kind. F oorl Shortage Weakening Resistance The? picture of the country at InjE* is different and raises many interesal? possibilities. The food shortage ?? . wearing ?lown the resistance i>!" j** >'\?i.? iii^ ?io\vn vue n >;im in? ?? ?? subject population, which desires pe*f! ?mil drmpiuls it. The government ?w*0? time. But the most significant del?? "o ?V* ? .,. ? . 1 j:.r_ u-?,-v??*n IP' chain. The tone oC poM* changing rapidly. ??? ? weariness sita heavily on all classes. *? 1 is difficult to kc'.-p the country g?w L-Ycry abl?;-bodied man is mobil?w**? ; 'Tie front, but the losses have be?n J? great that the war spirit bas fallen? I zero. Finally the spirit of m?*Mg : perliap3 the peace spirit, is ?tcr.au* I growing.