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Only a Few Miles Long, but It's a Front Held by Sammies!
THF] United States is now holding a sector of the Western front under battle conditions?not a big sec? tor, but a reai one. The official admission of this fact?suspected ever since the Ger? mans on November 13 reported the pres? ence of American soldiers near the Rhine ^anie canal, in Lorraine?gives pause. Back-of-the-lines stories by press corre? spondents are now a thing of the past; the picture of American troops in battle with Germans changes from imagination to reality. Under what conditions, then, and where Drawing the Curtain ?From The Neiu York Evening Post are the American troops now facing Ger- i mans across No Man's Land? The location cf the sector, as yet officially withheld, is, nevertheless, relatively certain. "In the neighborhood of the Rhine-Marne canal, near the Lorraine frontier, in front of Nancy and Luncville, stands Pershing's small army." is the way one editor puts it. Another account locates the front any? where between ?'??t. Mihiel and Epinal. This region has been quiet ever since the first month of the war, when the Germans! were defeated on the (.?rand Couronne before Nancy. Incidentally, the Americans are actu? ally nearer the Rhine than any other Al? lied troops, except the French who hold a small corner of Alsace. According to "The New York Evening Sun" they are facing Germans at a point about midway between the great fortresses of Metz and ! Strasburg, and any appreciable advance would drive a wedge between those two cities ami put the Americans within strik ing distance of the Rhine itself. In addi-' tion it is historic ground the Americans hold, for there also occurred some of the ; sharpest fighting in the Franco-Prussian War. Similar vagueness exists as yet as to ; the extent of the American sector. That it is of considerable length is indicated, : ays one journal, by the statement that :*: tin? artillery clashes of the last week the guns in one burst of firing spoke along several kilometres of front. More? over, the casualties suffered also occurred at points some distance apart. In climate and topography the Ameri- ? can sector is rugged, judging from press accounts. The country thereabouts is hilly, woody, broken, damp and extremely cold. To Americans arriving in what they have always heard of as "sunny France," it must be desolate country, indeed, re? marks Rene Benjamin, writing in the Paris "Journal": "They arrive these big soldiers with a nonchalant air- in our harsh Lorraine, rude and nuked robust and poor. Their eyes, ac? customed to shield themselves against tho flare of the sun, open wide in astonishment at tho poverty of the villages?the low, earth-colored roofs, tho acrid dune; heaps at the doors, and the walls from which foul? ness drips. Then their minds, appealed to !iy the hard lot of our race, soften at the thought that the heavena are not kinder to a country for which they know so many men have given their lives," The location of the American sector is also not without importance in the gen? eral scheme of Allied transport. Accord? ing to Secretary Baker, the Americans have already constructed fiOO miles of rail? road to help supply the sector. Moreover, congestion of ports in Northern France by shipping from England probably also had to be considered in the selection of this sector and the present American sea base. However, these objections are part? ly counterbalanced by the nearness of the sector to Germany, particularly because the American front will be highly suitable for air operations against Germany. When not in the trenches the Ameri? cans are billeted in small French villages behind the lines, many pictures of which ', have been sent home by correspondents in the last six months. A striking difference is noticed, however, by a writer in the j Paris "Journal" between the attitude of ; the poilu and that of the American toward these homely barracks. The Americans like things clean, it appears. In fact? ' They ? change the aspect of every hoes? which they enter. Our men sleep in the granaries or the stables; they install them? selves in the straw or mingle with the ani mals, and they have as companions of their dreams the chalk-colored mouse and the ?omantic spider. The men from America, on the contraiy, sweep, scrape and scrub. They; purify the stable and whitewash the gran- ! ary. But they create a void wherever they clean up. The spirit of poesy flees when! ?hey empty the garrets. They do not want I 'Come On! We'll Know What's Sehind That Fence When We Tear t Down!'' ? From The Baltimore Sim. I to sleep with the owls. Their nights are 'without mystery. They eradicate even the odor of the gathered harvests, and for them winter retains no memory of summer." When food is mentioned, one easily guesses that the Sammy, used to his Amer? ican sweets, ice cream, cake, soda water, chocolate, not to mention turkey and chicken, finds in his meals his greatest war burden. In the trenches, of course, things are very simple. As one dispatch says: "All the men are apparently well satis I fio?l with the food. Two meals a day are ' always served, and sometimes there are I three. For breakfast the men frequently get i a large bowl of oatmeal as the principal ; dish, while at dinner there is beef or some i other meat and vegetables. Supper sonie ? times brings bacon, corned beef hash or ! caincd salmon. There is always good white ? bread made from American flour, and plenty : of it." But out of the trenches what little j tragedies are revealed to an observing | French correspondent, writing to the Paris ; "Journal": "I know that after their arrival it was n very great disappointment to them to find ; themselves still fed on canned meats. ?Since ! they sailed they had been fed on nothing else. Now, in poking his nose into one corner after another, one of the soldiers ; discovered, in a pigsty, a young porker i regaling himself on sugar beet leaves. Their 1 favorite vegetable! The soldier approached the pig, and, lifting his hat, said politely: "'Dear pig, whom I may also call our ally, : if you will give me a part, of your rennst you may have this whole tin of canned meat.' "And he added, as an extra inducement: " 'I'll even open it for yon.' "The pig made no response. But war is war. The American helped himself. "Now they all use the beet, leaves. One by one they pass before the cook, who givesi them a slice of the whitest possible bread, potatoes and beef in gravy. While they wait In It -From The New York World they imitate tho cries of animals, whistle, sing and accompany themselves by beating with their forks on their mess plates. And thf>.t makes a droll contrast with the very grave and serious appearance of these big fellows, in their long coats, which recall those worn by ?Invert and ?lean Valjean. "The big Americans smile, roll their eyes, and, happy to talk about things which even the mention of makes one more hope? ful, tell these little fellows that, for certain holidays, their government is going to pond them turkey and sweet potatoes. But this is oui;,- a promise as yet without confirmation. "They dream of that promise in eating their daily ration. In the evening they cat it in the dusk, their feet muddied, their mess platters in their hands, out in tho cold and the fog." Intimate Pictures of the War Locked Country Now that the men are in the trenches, what do things look like? The last week ?has given many pictures from the different 'special correspondents, telling of Amer i ?cans within sixty feet of their German [ enemies. There is the vivid picture sent '' by Thomas M. Johnson to "The New York Evening Sun" shortly before the last artillery brush, not the least of which is typical American trench humor: "Wo stepped down from tho firing step. The glory of war seemed utterly absent. From that lonely gray wilderness we hoard ?plashing water. A trench soldier came tow? ard us saying, 'Join the navy and see the world.' He chuckled as he passed in water up to his knees. The spell is broken by such men. Nothing matters. "We slipped and waded through upward of a. mile, and that trench at one time was only sixty yards from the Germans. We didn't talk, even in whispers. Then we came to a smashed up place where three men had been killed. 'Here,' said the major, 'a big shell exploded,' and we walked down through the crater without more being said. "'We got over the top here,' said the major. 'It's all smashed up here. Walk singly, five yards apart, so if they see us they won't get more than one or two.' " "The American trenches," runs another dispatch,'"are all in more or less marshy ground, making the use of 'duckboards' necessary at all times, except when the trench water and mud are frozen. "In every dugout the soldiers work al? most constantly at the pumps, keeping out the water which seeps in. Hut the watery conditions are unfavorable for trench rats, and few of them are seen. One unit spent more than a week in the line before seeing a rat, and he apparently was in a hurry to get some place where the ground was drier. "In some places the artillery is on ground but little higher than the trenches, although a number of our batteries manage to keep 'dry feet' most of the time." Another writer, Lincoln Evre, made a ? .-? ? ? ____. "?'^r THY do American newspapers give w^y such prominence to the death of four men in the first line trenches? Do the English papers treat the death of four British soldiers with equal importance, or the French papers go into like paroxysms over the death of four French soldiers? The value of news is comparative. After the French and the English have lost not thousands but hundreds of thousands in battle the death of four men is of im? portance to the families of those concerned Lut otherwise it does not take a large place in the national life. With Americans, on the other hand, their soldiers are now for the first time actually holding a section of the battle line, and what their soldiers are doing in the front trenches, how they comport them? selves, whether they fight well or ill when there is a chance to fight, is of the highest importance to the American nation. It makes important news. Every detail helps to form a judgment of what can he ex? pected in the future, when really big things are to be done. The death of four Americans in the trenches is important not only to the families of the dead but to every American who has the honor and future welfare of his country at heart Moreover, the importance of a trend: raid is also comparative. Over a line of front of approximately 120 miles, such as is held by the British, a trench raid is a local incident. And when it comes to a line of more than 300 miles, such as the French hold, the incident is even more localized. But on a front of, perhaps, four miles, as held by the Americans at present, a trench raid rises to major im? portance. For there are big battles on a line of 120 to .'100 miles, while a four-mile front can only hope to be a sector in a big battle. The time will come when American troops will lie fighting big battles. For the present trench raids are their lot and trench raids are important to them and big with importance to the nation, for they show the metal of the American soldier and teach the nation what to expect in the big fights to come. Another reason why Americans get such detailed accounts of the little raids on the American sector is that both the French and English governments have always been particularly liberal to American jour? nalists. The censors on the other side will pass many things for an American paper that would not be allowed to be printed is a French or English paper. They will often say to American newspaper men, when some really big engagement is going on: "Be careful not to overestimate the importance of this." But if in the same conversation the question arose of some? thing that related to American activities, the correspondent would be left strictly to his own devices, and the censor would raise no question of the importance with which the subject should be treated. The French and English governments adopted the attitude that the American people were used to a certain thing and the American correspondents knew what that thing was. Very well, let them have it in their own way. And so, the Ameri? can people all through the war have al? ways got from the other side of the water what neither the French nor the English could get. Yet it is a mistake to think that such little things as trench raids receive no at? tention from the French and English papers. It often depends on whether the particular raid is fortunate enough to have a journalist at hand to be its historian. A trench raid in which a dozen men take part will get a column and a half or two columns with pictures in a French paper, if there, is some one to write the story, and the French paper will be mighty glad to print it. The trouble is that there are so many of them that the newspaper men can't get around. But when they do pick up the story of a trench raid they make good copy of it. ,,?_.,.__ . night visit to the American sector for "The New York World." Soon after pass? ing a dugout, popularly known as the "Waldorf," the party entered the commu? nication trench, where appeared again the old enemy, mud: "Thousands of duckboards are require i to floor the liquid mud at the bottom of every trench. Again and again in the course of our promenade we plunged into water an?) mire up to our thighs. Some trenches have been wholly untenable. We traversed one which engineers had put in commisrion only the night before. The firing trenches are in little better condition. "The major gave us a brief description of the lay of the land. The trenches at this point form a rounded salient so that the Germans, whose observation facilities, ow.ng to the high ground back of them, are better dian ours, are able to enfilade certain parts of our line. The ground on which the op? posing lines are laid is quite flat and at Iilaces so marshy it is impossible to dig trenches. 'Liaison* patrols unite the open spaces. " 'A man needs to be a good swimmer for that work,' the major said. 'Some of these swamps arc regular lakes.' " The Americans Have Carried On In Fine Style Under, such conditions within the last, week, American infantry, brilliantly sup? ported by American artillery, have clashed repeatedly with the enemy, sus-! taining casualties, yes, but inflicting losses equally as large, if not larger. Particu- j larly striking was the twenty-minute : "strafing" that the Sammies gave Fritz one evening, tearing up a large section of front line trench and probably break? ing up a local attack. As one correspond? ent wrote: "It was a very lively and spectacular nlfair. The bombardment extended over a considerable area, and for a time the whole sky was lit up with the flash and flicker of guns and the play of rockets of all colors? red, white, green^and yellow?as our infan cry or that of the enemy signalled back, Give us barrage,' or 'Don't give us barrage,' or 'gas shells coming.'" Indeed, one French artillery officer, who served at Verdun, praised the work of certain American batteries as "almost perfect." This good work, incidentally, j "Landing Regularly on the West Front" ? served to heighten the morale of the i ; fantry, who, as one correspondent wrot?' "Chuckled to-day when he was told h the barrage came right slap down on th* Dutchman the minute he started to get fr v.* , While the artillery commander chuckled t" ' he showed reports that our barrage ha? beaten the German barrage bv tK,^ ? ?, J ?-??in'? , seconds. ' The glory of these short bouta went to the artillery, but the men in the trenche were the ones to face the supreme te$< In the words of one dispatch: "The men conducted themselves well dcrir the enemy bombardment. Several wounded His Birthday Prophecy ?From The Boston Daily Globe refused to go to the rear to have their wounds dressed, and at least one wounded man after having his wound dressed re-?*. turned to the front line, where he remained throughout the night." Several men were caught at a listen? ing post just outside of the barbed wir?, within forty feet of an enemy listening post, by the German barrage: " 'Then hell broke loose.' said one of th( men there. For fifteen minutes the enenu broke hundreds of high explosive 77s around the post and 'he surrounding ground, cutting off the men there. Two of them were killed in the first few minutes. "Another man who was at the post told the correspondent later, as he was lying in a cot in a field hospital, that he saw four Germans approaching out of the foe; as the barrage lifted. II? brought his automatic rifle into play and saw two of the Germans fall. He kept on tiring until shell splinters hit him in the head and arm. " 'The last I remember in the time before I reached the hospital.' said another wounded man, 'i-; seeincr something moving through the fog. I determined to get some Ger? mans, and I put my rifle to my ?houlder. but never pulled the trigger. There was a ?eat ening explosion behind me. Fro-ien eartk. ice, stones and shell splinters came my way "Inspection of the scene of the raid showec that the ground was ploughed up by the ex? plosion of shells." So at last, remarks "The Cleveland Plain-Dealer," though it may lie very short, there is an American sector: "America is fighting with American sol? diers as well as with American food ar.c American munitions. American boys ar? standing shoulder to' shoulder with French 01 British or Belgians, sharing the hardshipsI and the perils of the common cause. More] than ever before is the reality of war broufh'? home, to the American people. Mors than ever before the American people are deter? mined to make the war as brief as possible if for no other reason,.to bring home the beys who are to-day holding the 'American sector,' .-omewhere in France." t I ^HE monthly magasines for Febru-j || ary are unusually full of good war l articles, though a few. such as "The American Magazine," lean some? what to the idea of the "magazine busi? ness as usual." seeming as yet not will? ing to admit that the biggest interest to the reading public is the war. Russia 17 v>I: views of the Russian muddle, ?*? which ever finds new and undaunted interpret?is, one may turn with profit to the February issue of "Munsey's," in which Frederick Austin Ogg, of the Uni? versity uf Wisconsin, asks and answers many angles of the question, "Is Russia in Dissolution?" In "Hearst's" Charles Edward liussell defines a "Bolshevik," having had excellent opportunity to gather material while with the American mission in Russia last summer. Something more picturesque is "Miss Amerikana" from fe. the hand of Olive Gilbreth, starting in* M serial form in "Harper's." William Hard W lightly dramatizes the Bolshevik attempt "To Split the German" in the "Metropoli? tan," giving the narrative of an imagined Inter-Allied Conference at. London, "a project levelled at two possibilities which, it is submitted, can never be attained sep? arately: First, to drive a wedge of genu? inely democratic truth into Germany; and, second, to lay the tentative foundations of a genuinely democratic international order." Germany OF a number of articles directed at Germany as a point of vision per? haps the most notable this month is the first of a series in "The World's Work," by John R. Rathom, editor of "The Provi? dence Journal," telling of German in? trigue in this country unravelled by the .-staff of that energetic paper. In this ac? count is given the radio message sent from Berlin to the German Embassy at Washington ordering the publication of an advertisement warning passengers against sailing on Entente boats?the now famous Lusitania warning. The orig? inal message was as follows: From Berlin Foreign Office. To Botschaft. Washington? 669. (44-W) ?- Welt nineteen-fifteen warne 175 29 1 stop 175 1 2 stop durch 622 2 4 stop 19 7 18 stop IIX 11 3 4 5 (5. Translated from "page, line and word" in the "World Almanac" for 1915 this read: "Warn Lusitania passenger(s) through press not voyage across the At? lantic." The same magazine contains an illumi? nating article by J. B. W. Gardner, war expert of "The New York Times," show? ing how Germany is already planning the next war. Closely related to this is Frank H. Simonds's account of "Germany's Sec? ond Peace Offensive," which failed at Brest-Litovsk, to be found in "The Review of Reviews." Secretary Lansing's article in "Munsey's" on "Our Present Foreign Relations" complements the foregoing. The Neutrals ?^ROM Russia one may turn with inter? est to a view of the starving neu? trals, pictured by Edwin Bjorkman in both ' Scribner's" and "The World's Work." It is not a cheerful picture. As a friend of the author remarked last July in Christiania, "We have nothing but money over here now," words "which give the crux of the peculiar situation which the war has created in the small northern countries. To them the war has come carrying fortune in one hand and famine in the other. They have never been richer in the one thing supposed to be capable of procuring everything else. They have never been so poor in all those things that, under normal circumstances, make money worth having." France IT IS France, however, that in point ol space receives the most attention ir magazines of the moment. "Why France Wants Alsace-Lorraine," in "The World'? Work," is not so new as the account of ar Allied dream easily pictured in the title "Bordeaux-Odessa versus Berlin-Bagdad.' What is suggested is a railroad roughlj following the 45th parallel from Bordeauj to Odessa, crossing the Berlin-Bagdat route at Belgrade, and implying a stretcr of territory favorable to the Entente that would sever the Mitteleuropa scheme ai the waist. Other views of Fiance at war may b< found in Francis B. Sayre's article or the V. M. C. A. at the front, in "Harp er's," and in Octave Forsant's chronic!?: in "The Atlantic," "Keeping ?School Undei Fire: A Record from Rlieims," which end. with this comment: "The result of the investigations that I made shows that during the thirty months ' that th?' schools were open thirty-seven shells fell upon the school buildings, and i two of them went through the roof luckily while the children were absent into the | rooms where the sessions were held every? day. More than a thousand projectiles of all calibres fell within a space of less than 100 metres from the schools, in which space they killed seventy-six grown persons and eight [children who never attended school. Not a single teacher or pupil was wounded." Away From the War THOSE who fice war discussion or find time for other matters will find excel? lent diversion in Meredith Nicholson's "Chi? cago" ("The Valley of Democracy"), in this month's issue of "Scribner's." Champ Clark's biography begins in "Hearst's," while "Harper's" is publishing the let? ters of James Whitcomb Riley. In the "American" one finds Harold Bell Wright's .first magazine article, a war throb, en? titled "The Sword of Jesus." The inter? esting personality section of this maga? zine is brightened by intimate views of Edison and the famous Mayo brothers of Rochester, Minn., who have made it a pleasure to occupy the operating table. A Smile or Two ? . m m THY, daughter, you never told \^f n'e before that you loved this young man!" "Well, mother, I didn't know it myself I until yesterday. I never saw him with a uniform on before."?Yonkers Statesman. * ? ?? Mrs. A?Are you troubled much in your neighborhood with borrowing? Mrs. B.?Yes, a good deal. My neigh? bors never seem to have anything I want. ?Boston Transcript. # * * "Hi, Bill! Here comes a gas wave!" "Thank heavens! This toothache's al? most killin' me."?Cartoons Magazine. * * ? He?Are you fond of indoor sports? She?Yes. if they know when to go home. -? iiger. * ? * "My son has some grit in him, I can tell you," said a father. "Been eating war? bread, I supn?;;^"???Liverpool Post. O Captain! My Captain! By Walt Whitman O Captain! i.iy Captain! Our fearful trip is d&.ie; The ship has w?;athered every rack, the prize we sought is won. The port is near, the bell? I hear, the people all exulting, While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring: But O heart! heart! heart! O the bleeding drop.-? of red, Where on the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead. My Captain does not answer; his lips are pale and still. My father does not feel my arm; he has no pulse nor will. The ship is anchored safe and sound; its voyage closed and done. From fearful trip the victor ship comes in with object won: Exult, O shores, and ring, O bells! But I, with mournful tread, Walk the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead. Da?.' ! JH ^ S Bf "v ^HB BH HP ^IMm JJ WP^al PRf \ VfiTffBJ >HI^>i?i?>t<><?^>^s^kHslBSHBBaHHK.%i. ,_; \?0 THE spirit of Abraham Lincoln, like government "of the people, by the people and for the people," has not perished from the earth. Perhaps the name of no other great American hero of ; the past has been so frequently on the lips i of people during the present world strug ; gle as that of Lincoln. This note of Lin ' coin's supreme contemporary interest was especially emphasized in an address de ( livered a few months ago by Dr, Johr Wesley Hill, chancellor of the Lincoln Memorial University, of Cumberland Cap Tenn.?an institution, by the way, whicl is said to have been the first to respond of ficially to President Wilson's appeal foi I volunteers. The address above mentionet ran as follows: "At the Rattle of Marathon, ttie Athenians outnumbered ten to one by the Persian? achieved a memorable victory and the salva tion of their country, because, a3 the fabl runs, the spirits of Casto?* and Pollux, thei national heroes, led the Grecian charge. "The annals of every people are full of in stances showing how the inspiration of th heroic dead has stirred the hearts of patriot to noble and triumphant action. "It has remained for America to produce figure which, embodying the typical charac terlstics of our democracy, makes appeal t the sympathies and the aspirations of a mankind, wherever and whenever engaged i the struggles of liberty against despotism. "In a very true sense, and it is perhar the most striking fact in the entire histor of the present war, the cause of the Allit finds its deepest inspiration in the characte the principles, the convictions, the utteran? and the achievements of Abraham Lincoln. "Lloyd George, the foremost English state man of the day, finds the most perfect ?. pression of the soul of the present conte for the enfranchisement of Europe in tl words of our backwoods President, which 1 quotes as the justification of the Enten policy. "In the opening paragraph of his inaugur address as Premier he says: 'I would like quote the well known words of Abraham Li coin, "We accepted the war for an object, worthy object; the war will end when th object has been attained. Under Goil I ho it will never end until that time." ' "Those were the words uttered by Lineo at the height of our own Civil War,.and the are the words which are ringing out to-d over the world-wide battlefields of the pre ent incomparable struggle, sounding t death knell of tyranny and ushering in t reign of liberty. "It is noteworthy that the great Premier making this quotation did not speak of 'Lin? coln, the American.' Lincoln has outgrown rhe boundaries of nationality and tower? as a world figure, standing in the forefronr of a world crisis, his words full of world wis? dom. "When the eyes of the immortal emancipa? tor closed in death, Stanton, his great wai secretary, exclaimed, 'Now he belongs to thi ages,' which was but another way of declar? ing, 'Now he belongs to humanity, because lie is the enshrined reality of democracy.* "And to-day the nations enlisted in thi grim and final struggle against autocracy fin? their sustaining inspiration in the spiritua leadership of Abraham Lincoln. "France, who copied our institutions it 171)1); England, who has enfranchised her sub jocts; China, who arose against the Man churian dynasty and built a republic mould ed on the Constitution of the United Statei gladly acclaim the democracy of Lincoln while in the midst of th?? successful striving of Russian democracy, up from the night c ' centuries of oppression, the bright guidin star which illumines its pathway and glorifie its goal has been the deeds and politic? creed of Abraham Lincoln. "And it is the spirit of Lincoln which leac the United .States to-day in the holy crusat ol freedom in which we have enlisted, and will be the 'Spirit of Lincoln in Arms' tin will lead the Allied hosts to a glorious ai final victory over the foes of democracy. "And if you would know the secret of th invisible leadership; if you would find ti cnly explanation behind this new and thru ing uprising among our own people for tl protection of humanity, 1 have but to ref you to the two-minute address that Lineo uelivered at Gettysburg, which to-day belon to the world. "You remember those immortal words: 'T world will little note nor long rememb what we say here, but it can never fore what was done here.' And then he wc on to express the hope that out of the bio of those who had given their lives for thi country, 'this nation might have a new bii of freedom,' concluding with tho?-e wo: which President Wilfion has already quoi and which every speaker everywhere duri this war will quote. You remember the 'That government of the people, by the p< pie and for the people shall not perish fr the earth.' "Ah! If Lincoln were here to-day??ant believe he is. "Somehow I seem to see his serene sp: looking down upon us from the summit these American centuries, and thus look and listening he hears that prayer which offered at Gettysburg now trembling u] the lips of all the liberty loving nations the world, the prayer for a 'new birth freedom,' and 'that government of the peo by the people and for the people shall perish from the earth.' "In the lig*ht of that prayer, my friei it is not difficult to understand the mean el this war, nor is it difficult to understand why we have enlisted in it. "It is a war Tor the fulfilment of that ! rayer for a new birth of freedom, not only for our own, but for all the nations of the earth- the Allied nations, the neutral na? tions, yes, and even for Geraany itself. Let us hope that this war will not cease until that prayer is answered." Labor ii'Y 0YALTY LABOR WEEK"begin* \j to-day. Under the auspices oi the American Alliance for Labor jand Democracy, organize?! labor will hofd demonstrations throughout the country tor the purpose of arou-ing a spirit of greater unity and enthusiasm for Amer? ica's cause. f The backbone of the newspaper deniers' strike in New York City is broken, accord? ing to latest reports at the time The Re? view went to press, many of the striker? having accepted the terms of the pub? lishers. Ten thousand girls, members of ?f International Ladies' Garment Workers Union, quit work in this city for an S1: per cent increase in wages for piece work? ers and 82 a week for week workers, also a forty-nine hour week. The Commercial Telegraphers of America havo set April 28 aside as "open organi? zation" day. An attempt will be made t? organize all the telegraph operators of the Western Union and Postal Telegraph sys? tems. They have given notice to the com? panies that any attempt to punish em ? ployes for joining will be followed by a" order for a general strike. Between 1.000 and 1.500 weavers m Philadelphia have struck for a 15 percent advance in wages and changed working conditions. Streetcar service in St. Louis has been i completely halted. The striking motor ; men and conductors are demanding i"' i creased wages, revision of working hour* jand discontinuance of alleged unfair dis? crimination in favor of women conductor?. The 1,200 longshoremen who quit WOtt on the piers of the Southern Pacific Steam , ship Company voted to submit their grie*" antes to the local adjustment board o? t& ' United States Shipping Board.