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And the Cast This Week Included, Among Others?
Hincs Brings Another Hand to the Throttle WALKER D. HINES, who, it has been unofficially announced, is to be general assistant on the cen? tral staff to help Director General Mc Adoo in government operation of the railroads during the war, was one of the best known railroad lawyers in the l country. As chairman of the committee of counsel ho directed tho light last j year against the Adamson eight-hour rail? road law. Ho was admitted to the bar In 1893, and the same year became assist? ant attorney to the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company. Four years later he was assistant chief attorney, and in 1901 vice-president of the company. He prac? tised law in Louisville, Ky., as a member of the law firm of Humphrey, Hines & Humphrey from 1904 to 190G, when hebc VvaiKer O. limes _ Harris & Ksrlns. from Paul Thompson came general counsel of the Atchison, To peka & Santa Fe Railway Company. Later he became chairman of the executive com? mittee and in 1916 he was elected chair? man of the board of directors, at that time retiring from general law practice, which he had been pursuing since 1908 in New York. Mr. Hines was born in Russellville, Ky., and is forty-eight years old. John Skelt?nAVilliams Will Shepherd the Dollars and Gents THE TASK of administering the finan? cial problems of the railroads is to be in the hands of John Skelton Williams, who was a member of Director General McAdoo's temporary board. Mr. Williams is Controller of the Cur? rency. His appointment to that position in 11)14 was mado in the face of much public protest and was generally regarded as a defiance of Wall Street, for Mr. Williams had never been on friendly terms with the financial powers of New York. In 1913, while, he was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, ho was connected with the ab? sorption by the Munsey Trust Company of the United States Trust Company. It was charged that he placed $1,000,000 of public funds at the disposal of the Munsey Trust Company, of which his brother was a director, to assist that institution to meet, a possible run following the announcement that it had taken over the United States Trust Company. Mr. Williams was born fifty-three years ago, educated and began his business career in Virginia. Soon after entering the firm headed by his father, it is said, he gave evidence of unusual business activity and daring. Banks, trust com? panies, cotton and woollen mills and phosphate mines came within the circle of his activities and were pushed forward energetically. His reputation reached New York. In 1899 ho launched the project that made him a central figure in a big financial battle. This was his Sea? board plan, by which he combined a num? ber of small railroads of the South into one strong system. He carried out his idea in the face of tremendous opposition, ? led chiefly by Thomas F. Ryan, to whom ?was attributed Mr. Williams's subsequent ; loss of control of the trunk line. Upon his appointment by President ?Wilson in 1913 as Assistant Secretary of John Skelton Williams the Treasury he severed his active con? nection with all the banks, trust compa? nies and industrial concerns with which he was associated, frequently in the capacity of president. By invitation of the. Interstate Commerce Gonlmission he i was a member of the advisory board on ?the valuation of railroad, steamship, tele? graph and telephone lines. He was ap? pointed by President Wilson in October, J1913, a member of the central committee | of tho American Red Cross, and was elect? ed treasurer of the society. Senator Hitchcock, Who Resumed the Fight for a War Cabinet ^ENATOR GILBERT M. HITCHCOCK, I ^ of Nebraska, ranking Democratic ? member of the Senate Military Affairs Committee, is one of the chief supporters ?of Senator Chamberlain's War Cabinet Senator Gilbert M. Hitchcock and Minister of Munitions bills. He de? clared in the Senate last week that neither the President nor the Secretary of Wat knows the real situation and that the Ad? ministration's conduct of the war, which he charges has fallen down, will be a fiascc unless the whole system is revised on a business basis. Senator Hitchcock was born in Omaha in 1859; he received his education in the Omaha schools, and later in Baden-Baden Germany, and in Michigan University. He was admitted to tho bar in 1881, and prac? tised law in Omaha for four years, until his establishment of "The Omaha Evening World" in 1885. In 1889 he purchased "Tho Morning Herald," consolidating it with "Tho World" as "The World-Herald," of which he has been the publisher ever since. He was elected to Congress in 1902. again in 190G and 1908, and to the United States Senate in 1910. England Beckons Home One of Her Sons ENGLAND'S recent recall of her At? torney General, Sir Frederick Ed? win Smith, who came to the United State? the last of December as a guest of the American Bar Association, leads to the as? sumption that certain speeches he made here and interviews granted newspaper Sir Frederick Edwin Smith ? Paul Thompson men, which occasioned comment in Wash? ington, occasioned also the displeasure of his own government. Sir Frederick was Britain's war censor in the first year of the war, but in Sep? tember, 1914, he.was ordered to the front. He was spoken of then as one of* the cleverest men in England. "The New York Times" printed a brief sketch in which appeared the following paragraphs : "His father was at one time a private sol? dier, who by his own exertions and ability became a barrister.' The son carried every? thing before him at Birkenhead School and Oxford, winning practically every scholarship for which be competed. After leaving the university he became a member of the bar, and his present income is said to be larger than that of any other English barrister. "Though bitter political enemies, Mr. Smith and the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, arc close personal friends, and it is probably due to this cir? cumstance that Smith was appointed head of the Official Press Bureau when the war began. His conduct of this office has not been at all pleasing to the. newspapers, and it may be a result of their many criticisms that he is now goingfto the front as an offi? cer of the King's Own Oxfordshire Hussars, a militia regiment." Sir Frederick has "the g^ft of saying the most cutting and insulting things in the most suave and gentlemanly manner," and possesses a happy faculty for repar? tee. It is told that on one occasion, when he was discoursing on the advantages of tariff reform and a heckler kept on inter? rupting him with the cry, "What about our food?" he silenced him with the re? joinder: "Don't you worry, sir! Your food is quite safe! Neither Mr. Chamber? lain nor myself, nor any one else, has ever advocated putting a tax on thistles." Sir Frederick's name was in the New Year honor list this year. A baronetcy \ was bestowed upon him. Garfield?Coal Operator AFTER all the gibes at college presi? dent Garfield, it is now urged by his friends in his defence that he is not altogether the "academic" person that he is pictured; that he was once a practical coal operator himself, with no mean knowledge of railroad problems; that he organized the Cleveland Trust Company, of which he was a director; was president of the Cleveland Chamber of Commerce, and that while he was professor of poli? tics at Princeton he was chairman of the committee which reorganized the consular ! service and put it on its present basis of I efficiency ; that he was probably elected college president for his known executive ability. It is also recalled that he is the son of a certain professor of Latin and Greek who achieved the Presidency, as did the son's colleague at Princeton, "Pro? fessor Wilson," as college president ? Champ Clark used to call his rival for the Presidency in the good old days of 1912. A New Chief of Staff 'T'HE appointment of General Peyton -*? Conway March as acting chief of I staff is giving pleasure to many friends and admirers in Washington, which was the home of his wife. General March has led a most active military life from the time he was captain of the Astor moun? tain battery in the Spanish War through a career in the Philippines which mah?? one of Funston's for its daredevila?? age. He was a member of the Gen_J Staff from 1903 to 1907. General Bli?^ Paris as military counsellor, and Gen?_? March, fresh from the battlefields 0f France, as the driving head in Washin ton, are believed to be sxi admirable com bination. General March is fifty-three y?sars old He was born in Pennsylvania, the son ? Professor Francis A. March, of Lafayett? ; College, who was one of the editors of th# "Standard Dictionary." He has serv^ a a member of the adjutant general's de ; partment, and saw service on the Mexic* . border before returning to Washington | last spring to receive his orders to pr? ceed to France as chief of artillery for?,. i expeditionary forces. Major General Peyton C. March (T? Underwood & Vr.ienmn* w - Getting Right to the Heart of Things at the National Capital Hitchcock's Vulnerability - ... . - Washington, February 7. COMMENT by Administration Sena? tors on the Hitchcock attack upon the War Department differed strik? ingly from the criticism of the Chamber? lain speech. It was pointed out that Hitchcock possessed neither the accurate military knowledge of Chamberlain nor could plead a record of loyalty to either his party or to the Administration. His long fight against the Administration cur? rency bill is recalled, his opposition to the repeal of the Panama Canal tolls exemp? tion, his recalcitrancy in the matter of the rural credits measure, and his per? sonal attack upon the President in the matter of the nomination of Jones, of Chicago, for membership in the Trade Commission, and his combination with the Republican opponents of the ship purchase bill to the defeat of that measure. It was suggested that his criticism of the lack of shipping owned by the United States now came with an especially ill grace in view of his part in defeating the Administration's farsighted measure at the beginning of the war. Hitchcock's pronounced pro-Germanism down to the actual breaking off of rela? tions was charitably assigned to his edu? cation in Germany and his marriage to the daughter of a German-American. But when it is recalled that his chief hobby ?rom t ho outbreak of the Furopean Avar vas the measure to prohibit the manu? facture or export of munitions for the Allies, that he was an advocate of the Core resolution to keep American Citizens from taking passage on merchant ships going through the war zone, his studied minimizing of the elTorts of the War De? partment now and the scouting of its? ability to put a large American army in the field this year have been regarded by many as suspiciously near to giving aid and comfort to tile enemy at the time when, above all others, America should present a unite?! front to a divided Ger? many. It was contended that while he professed to keep back information that might be of aid and comfort tu the ene? my lie certainly furnished a large assort? ment of aiding and comforting misinfor? mation. John Sharp Williams nOMl? of these things Williams, of Mis 0 sissippi, did not fail to remind the Senate of. Hitchcock's prepared speech given to the press differs considerably from that delivered in the Senate, punctu? ated aa it was by the pointed questions of his party associates. N'or was Will iams's reply fairly published, as it was not immediately available for the "KccorJ." It is generally agreed that in the pres? ent leaderless condition of the Republi? can party in Congress there is no one on that side of the Senate Chamber who can speak for the party as Williams can for Democracy and the Administra? tion. It begins to look as though the Republicans were being manoeuvred into the position of attacking the Commander in Chief, using as masks one or two dis? gruntled Democrats; that the futility of attempting to pass the war cabinet bill being evident, it is being made the excuse for criticism of the unavoidable errors of subordinates; and that it is the major? ity of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs that has "fallen down" in present? ing a scheme of reorganization. Senator Williams's statement that "muckraking the Administration is the German game now" as "stopping the shipment of food and ammunition to the Allies was the German game a while ago" was the summing up of a sentiment that has found expression on both sides of the Chamber; and his appeal to the patriotism of his party opponents, "Is there a Republican on that side who is not behind the tight except a few fool pacifists that have pretty nearly passed out of political existence?" found its echo in the much more moderate speech of Senator W?dsworth the following day. Unfortunately again, the warm tributes : of praise to the Administration for what ! has' been accomplished were delivered ex ! temporc and did not appear in the ad? vance sheets sent to the press. The gen? eral tone, however, was so conciliatory : that by common agreement there was no reply from the Democratic side. Bad Strategy THE President's conference with sev? eral more Democratic Senators on the ' munitions ministry and war cabinet bills : was as much for the purpose of minimiz [ ing discussion of the measures as for the purpose of compassing their defeat. It h ; argued that if in the judgment of the I Administration the psychological time had come for letting Germany know, offi Icially, the extent of America's militarj strength and the immediate prospect ol : its being duly exerted, it is bad strategj for any such criticism as would diminisl the impression sought to be made. Bui ! those who are familiar with the historj of democracies freely recognize thai there is no help for the constant recur '. rence of a situation where the best laic i plans can be thrown into confucioi : through the desire of some privilege?: legislator for the sincere but misguide?, expression of individual views, with tin object of saving and the effect of hurtinj the country. Washington Profiteers PROFITEERS in the District of Colum bia are likely to be held in checl i if Executive orders and new legislativ? ! ordinances are to be trusted. The distric : Food Commissioner has divided the cit; into districts and has charged the citizen : to report any violation of the law b; ; grocery merchants. The President threv coal dealers into a panic by asking himsel ! for a report on excessive charges. Repre sentative Ben Johnson, of Kentucky chairman of the House District Commit j tee, has reported a bill checking the ris I ing rents of houses and apartments an? rooms, on the theory that a 10 per cent advance over peace prices is enough. The same Congressman has changed his mind about the feasibility of government ownership of public utilities, in the face | of the breakdown of the street railway and telephone systems, and the taking : over of these utilities by the government i may soon follow, Prosser, of Cleveland, 1 introducing a bill for that purpose. A Matter of Lawyers THE Heney investigation for the Trade Commission of the Packing Trust ; seems to have run upon this knotty ques? tion. Tho combination of the packers was ! finally traced to Henry Veeder, of ?hi i cago, attorney for the packers. It was i claimed on behalf of the Trade Commis? sion that from him radiated the lines of agreement and control and that the papers showing full proof of this are in Veeder's safe in Chicago. Meanwhile, ; Veeder claimed that the papers are his, belonging to him in his confidential rela ; tions with h?3 clients, and forbade the opening of the safe. The Trade Commis? sion claimed that his alleged conduct is | no part of a lawyer's duty. Thereupon ! the government agents forbade his taking I out the papers and put a seal on the safe. Each side seemed reluctant to begin the ' appeal to. the courts, as a matter of tac ; tics, and Veeder was allowed to withdraw papers claimed to be necessary to the conduct of his business, after due peru- I sal by the government agents. Honey, de- ? tained in Washington by his wife's illness, went to Chicago to take charge, and he soon seconded the order of the court per? mitting him to seize the papers. A Matter of Brothers SECRETARY Baker's experience with a brother whose activities were slightly embarrassing has not been the first in the recollection of political stu? dents. The Grant Administration teemed with relatives, brothers among them. Mc? Kinley had a brother. The New York brother-in-law of President Roosevelt, it has sometimes been admitted by the faith? ful, did not help the cause so far as New York politics was concerned. The ambi? tion of the Ohio brother of President Taft to become Senator, following the Talt election, was embarrassing, and the Mexican and especially the Mexican Rail? ways and Lord Cowdray connections of \ the New York Taft brother suggested I complications. President Wilson's brother I was by foolish friends of the President proposed for the position of Clerk of the Senate, but the Senate thought it might like to have executive sessions free from the knowledge of the Executive. At all events, brother Baker will not profit by his contract and will doubtless be more careful in the future. Bryan IT IS not generally known that ex-Secre? tary Bryan's presence in Washington lately had to do with wished for mem? bership on the Peace Commission when? ever that shall be appointed. His friends believe that his claims are well founded for that position, once the war is won, They point out that he has always been a passionate adherent of an enduring peace that he resigned from the Cabinet as s protest against the tending of the Admin? istration toward the war, while since the declaration of war there has been nc more loyal supporter of the Administra tion nor stronger advocate of the prose? cution of the war. It is also suggestei that next to President Wilson and Mr Roosevelt Mr. Bryan is the best knowr of ?Americans in the world at large, anc that with the emergence of the labor par ties of all countries as factors in the set tlement of the terms, Bryan's essentia democracy would be in his favor Whether his firends can persuade th< ;An American Legion of Honor MR. OWEN.?I introduce a joint reso? lution authorizing the creation of an American Legion of Honor, to author \ izc the President to grant decorations to I be known as the cross of valor, and a i decoration or a medal for meritorious ser j vice, and to permit officers, employes j and citizens of the United States to re I ceive and wear war decorations tendered ! to them by any of the nations now en , gaged in war with the present government . ; of Germany. Mr. President, the old rule of the ?United States forbidding officers of the I United States to receive decorations was j because they were almost universally giv ' \ en by autocracies, but there is no reason j why the democracies of the world should ! not give decorations to their soldiers who : render important services to the democra? cies. There is every sound reason why i we should do special honor to those who merit it and to permit them to enjoy the right to wear the evidence of valor, patri? otism and high service. With a Congressman at the Front MR. M'CORMICK (in the House): We could hear the voice of the battle softly calling, still far off. : We raced past the nets of grass and leaves?camouflage?which, as the road r.eared the front, screened traffic from the enemy airplanes; turned up a rough r,oad, over a steep hill, dropped down, and came to a stop under some bombed and broken buildings. The air roared. There were waves upon waves of sound as thousands of noises overlapped one an? other, shaken together, rolling apart, as far as the ears could hear, even further?as far as the ears could imagine '?earing? while overhead the many airp'?dies looked like a flock .of birds, and thror,gh the rever berations of the guns their engines some- ; times hummed like distant sawmills. There were no ear-splitting shocks, such as you have seen described. There are none save when you are near a battery or perhaps when a shell bursts too near, but the air was filled, saturated by the sound of guns, now and then punctured by the popping of the shrapnel overhead. . . . Great guns are to this war what the steam shovel was to the Panama Canal. When the French company, under de Lesseps, sought to pierce the Isthmus with shovels and picks and petty machin? ery men died by thousands on the tropic hillsides, which they had but scratched. So fell hundreds of thousands at Mons, on the Marne, and at Verdun, who with their own bodies stopped the shells and stayed the charges which ought to have been stayed and stopped by the counter bombard? ment of their own batteries. Time is the essence of victory and cannon are the weapons with which it must be won. We, we Americans, must make cannon enough, in time, to win. President to make the experiment is an? other question, of course. Folk for the Senate THE resignation of Joseph W. Folk from his position as counsel for the Interstate Commerce Commission and his return to St. Louis to advocate, on behalf of a commercial organization, its conten? tion against the street railway system there, is regarded in some quarters as a virtual announcement that he will contest with Stone for election to the United States Senate in 1920. It is admitted that Folk has had a much more useful career as counsel for the Interstate Com? merce Commission than he had as Solici? tor of the State Department. Moreover, it is recalled that he was chiselled out of the place he was ambitious for in 1912. Folk had been indorsed by the Missouri Democratic convention as a candidate for Vice-President. Then along came the Champ Clark boom, with its houn' dog re? frain, and Folk was persuaded to accept something equally as good and leave the Presidental field for Clark free of other Missouri complications. The something has as yet been deferred, and the pros? pect of beating Stone for the Senate is doubtless alluring to one who has heard Washington comments on that Missouri statesman in recent, months. But it's a long time till 1920, and Missouri may not have the Washington viewpoint. Managerial Sabotage ?"X^HE answer of the brotherhoods to the ?*- report of the Eight Hour Day Com? mission, which concluded that the eight hour day was simply a standard for meas? uring overtime, costing the railroads some $60,000,000 a year, is that the railroad managements tried to make it work that way and succeeded with the design of making another drive for increased rates. Testifying before the Railway Wage Com? mission, W. T. .Lee prophesied that the same managers desire the failure and not the success of the present plan of government control. That, however, seems to be in the hands of Director Mc Adoo, rather than in those of the former managers. Sabotage by railroad officials would seem to be difficult, and, with the lawyers, lobbyists and press agents al? ready dismissed, might be futile. The-re? organization of the railroad world pro? ceeds and the legislation necessary will soon be enacted. The Senate bill really does all that the new management desires in giving the director the power to fix rates subject to review by the Interstate Commerce Committee, since by the time the review becomes effective the emer? gency requiring a change of rates will have passed. It is pointed out that the press stories of a "veto" by the commis? sion were somewhat beside the mark. The Executive "Record" ?T^ EORGE CREEL'S report to the Presi *-* dent, which, after a week of inat? tention, the President at. last "finished reading," indicates that the Administra? tion has really become independent of "The Congressional Record" and of the defences of its friends in Congress. The "Officia. Bulletin" has a circulation of 90,00?. Eighteen million copies of pamphlets, it seven languages, have been distributee i and 30,000 newspapers are given featurt ; articles, a weekly news service and "gov t emmental publicity material." It hasse i cured 430,000,000 inches of free ^pace fcr ? its advertisements, press and billboard i Through the Four Minute Men it ha; organized .20,000 speakers, who address I theatre and motion picture audiences, in j addition to organizing the national sppak ! ers' bureaus. It has a division of pict ; ures, a division of films, and a division of pictorial publicity. It has an airplane service for the bombardment of hostile i areas with literature. It costs about half | a million dollars a year, but it undoubt-| edly has become an immense agent of publicity. The "Official Bulletin" published Secretary Baker's speech in full the day after it was given to the Senate Commit-! ; tee and before Ollie James could get it into . "The Congressional Record" Opposition I to it in Congress has died down, and it '? really seems to fill a need in setting forth Executive activities as the ."Record" ; does those of Congress. Appropriations for Agri? culture ,'VyiiILE the Senate was wrangling ; "? over the War Department and the War Cabinet, as many believe to very ?little purpose, the House was quietly and i leisurely passing the agricultural appro : priations bill, under the guidance ot : Chairman Lever. With the exception I of an emergency appropriation o? $!?? 000,000 for the stamping oat of such scourges as the foot and mouth disease ; which members of the House aver is more ! easily managed when it afflicts cattle I than when it seizes Senators, the appro priation is smaller than that of the pre 1 vious year. ; The chairman stated, however, that the food production act of last year, carry? ing an increased appropriation of $H 000,000, is yet to be introduced, Secre? tary Houston needing more data to m*1*6 his estimates for the following year. i Through all the turmoil of the war the ; Agricultural Department has been doing ! an essential work for the country and for ? our Allies in the encouragement of greater production, and is to-day with ?2 parties and factions universally *P" proved for its good serviee. The so-called "debate" on the agricuK ; ural appropriation bill was practical | confined to the free seed question, the appropriation being increased in the Com? mittee of the Whole, then being reduced to its regular proportions in the House it? self. But the debate took a wide ranS* from a speech by Repr?sentais^ She* wood on the history of the horse to? discussion of the various problems of W war for the benefit of admiring coas^ uents. *J|