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First to Last?The Truth: News?-Edltorlals? Advertisements .. Member of Die Au?llt lturoau of Circulation* MONDAY. FEBRUARY 11, 1918 Owned ?nil puMlahM daily hy The Trlhime Association, a Now York Corporation. Otden ?old. rreeidwit; G. Vemor '!>'(t?>rs. Vice Trvsldont; T. A. Puter, Treasurer. Addrrs?. rrtbU?* lUilldliis. 15* Nassau Street, Now York. Telephone, tieckman 3000. ?SUBSCRIPTION RATES.?Ry Mall, r-oetage Paid, out? side of (Greater New Y'ork: 1\ TI1K UNITED STATES: OUTSIDE OF GRKATEH NEW TORE 1 s r. 6 mo. ? S mo. 1 mo DiUlj and Sunday.. $0 50 I4.TS $2.50 $0.85 Dtllj only . 7 00 3 50 175 .60 Sunday only . 2.50 1.25 .75 .25 CANADIAN I?ATF.S Pally and Sunday.$10.00 $5.00 $2.50 $100 Pally only . 7.00 3.50 175 .?0 Sunday only . 5.00 2.50 1.25 .50 FOREIGN KATES rv.:'v nid Sunday.$24.00 $12.00 $?.00 $2.00 DMly only . IS 00 0 00 4 50 1.50 Sunday only . 7,00 3.50 1.75 .60 Entered at the TWnffioe at Now York aa Second Has? Mail Matter. GUARANTEE Vou can purchase marchandise advertised In THE TRIBUNE with absolute safety?roe If dissatisfaction results In any case THE TRIBUNE guarantees to pay your money twek upon reaueat. No red tape. No quibbling. We make (locil promptly If the advertiser does not. MEMBER OF TUK ASSOCIATED TRESS The Associate?! i'ress is exclusively entitled to tho use for fepubUcatlon of all news dlsi>atche<?. credited to It or not rtJierwiso credited in this raper and also tho l<x'al new* of spontaneous origin published herein, \ rich:.- ?if rcpublitailon cf all other matter herein are s - i rcserwii. As a War Measure This ?extravagant nation has no moro prodigious form of waste than its waste of transportation. Roughly speaking, in normal times about one dollar in ten of the nation's income is spent on hauling goods and people. The total of the freight carried passes .belief. This year it will reach, if it does not exceed, four hundred billion ton-miles. That is, ten tons of food and coal hauled an average of four hundred miles for every man, woman and child in the coun? try. The rates are so low, and the freight :idds so little, usually, to the selling price that raw products arc often carried half across the country, or clear across, and then back as manufactured goods. The result is a freight movement by rail that probably exceeds that of all Europe and it may be of all the rest of the world. Now more than a quarter of all the coal mined goes to effect this vast haulage of goods. And we need coal. And, on the other hand, coal and coke probably supply 40 per cent of the total of ton-miles carried. It is easy to see what a saving of 10 or 15 per cent of needless transportation would mean. It would save samething like fifty or sixty billion ton-miles of haulage. It would cut down the coal waste by per? haps thirty or forty million tons. It would save a hundred million dollars or more in coal; it would reduce the freight lili which the nation pays by possibly three hundred millions more. And the Peabody coal committee, which worked cut the proposed "zone system" of coal dis? tribution, such as England now has, esti? mates that the saving in needless coal haulage might be even greater than this, or more than 20 per. cent. Probably in no other line of great na? tional expenditure could such an enormous and harmless saving be made. And con? sider the effect. It would end the coal famine and go far toward ending tne freight tie-up of the Eastern railroads. It is estimated that at least 50 per cent of the freight jam in the East (and there is no other) is a jam of coal cars. There is one swift and sure method to attain this end. It cannot be done by a government edict, or a mandate from Mr. McAdoo. But it could be achieved simply by penalizing the waste. That is, by rais? ing the freight rate. That rate is roughly one-half, relatively, what it was three years ago. In that time the average of all prices has risen nearly 100 per cent, as every housewife knows. Food, cotton goods, shoes, clothing, nearly everything has almost doubled. The buying power of the dollar is down to below 60 cents, and is steadily falling. But the freight rate remains nearly un? changed. The average per ton-mile hauled lias varied little in ten years. And it has always been the lowest in the world. If we paid out 10 per cent of our incomes for freight before the war, it is not much over <r> per cent now. If rates were now doubled it would mean no greater burden than it was before the fateful year of 1914. The railroads need money; the govern? ment needs money. No form of taxation yet devised could reach all the people of the country more surely than a tax on freight. Of the increased revenue the government could take any share desired, and leave tho railroads the rest. And in the saving to the nation in wasted haul? ing around and wasted coal could hardly fail to be of farreaching effect. Solely as a war measure, and solely for the duration of the war, we commeiul the plan to the consideration of the Congres? sional committee now formulating the railway bill. Spain Falls in Line Spain has taken in good part our gov ? i.nment's recent hint that it expects a certain amount of neighborly accommoda? tion on the part of neutrals. If the neu? tral countries of Europe desire to trade with us and to get coal in our harbors for their shipping, it is certainly up to them to return our courtesies and favors. We are entitled to ask from them supplies which they have to sell and which we need, and also to ask for assurances that the goods we deliver to them shall not in any way release materials which may find their way into Germany. Unlike Holland, Denmark. Sweden and Norway, Spain is not in a position to trade with Germany. But she is in a position to withhold from us materials which we may want for our forces in France. Here is a chance for reciprocity ??f a benevolent sort. According to cable dispatches from Madrid, the Spanish Premier has ju'st announced the conclusion of an economic agreement with the United States, by which Spain will send into I France iron and copper ores, woollen poods, various food supplies, oil and soap. In return tho United States will give Spain cotton, petroleum and railroad equipment. This is an instance in which the prob? lem of commercial relations between a belligerent and a neutral, under special war conditions, has been solved promptly and rationally. We have had great diffi culty in coming to an agreement with Hol? land. The Scandinavian countries are I still very loath to make any agreements I with us which may cause resentment in Germany, But our policy is clear. It is i to insist upon an equitable exchange of privileges. While the war lasts our inter? course With the neutrals must continue to "be affected by our own war necessities. ? Wo shall do our best to relieve their 'wants. But they must give us a reason | able quid pro quo. | United We Stand, Divided We Fall The "old guard" is evidently planning to ?elect Mr. Adams, of Iowa, chairman of the Republican National Committee. The rea Ison is given that he will be a harmonizer and bring all elements into close and friendly cooperation. This is absurd. One evening last spring the committee i which had had charge of Mr. Hughes's ! campaign was scheduled to lfave a meet? ing to make plans for the future. This conference never came off, because, in the 'afternoon, the Republican members ^ot ?together and settled everything, expecting that in the evening tin1 Progressives would behave like little lambs and do noth? ing to disturb the prearranged pro? gramme. The New York committecmen, Chairman William R. Willeox and Major i Herbert Parsons, disapproved of this j short-sighted and stupid political trick, hut they were outvoted by Mr. Adams and his crowd. A fer-/ days ago a sub-committee of the ; Republican organization mot in Washing? ton and decided to invite the Progressives who had worked so hard and so well on Mr. Hughes's campaign committee to the ' St. Louis gathering. Mr. Adams voted ; against the motion, but later, when he saw he was beaten, changed his vote for ap . pearance's sake. A subsequent proposal to continue the campaign committee con j sisting of Republicans and Progressives j ?was passed, with Mr. Adams again on the ? "stand-patters' " side. The "old guard" candidate is obviously j cne of those who will not surrender an old prejudice or an old idea. He has shown himself to be disinclined even to consider advice from any but those in the inner ring. It is evident that lie will never po ! cut of his way in search of help. And j the Republican party needs help. Progres- | sives with energy, with consistent and practical idealism, wish to help. Shall they be barred or shall they be permitted to join in rejuvenating the party which Lincoln' founded? A "Movie" At one of the leading "movie" theatres this week there has been given a singular "drama," if we may call it that, which has suggested thoughts. What influence has the "movie'"? Do the impressions gained from a fairly persistent attendance upon film performances become motor forces in the minds of those who do not think? If so, the film in question is worthy of reflection. The play bore the title "Cheating the Public," and was offered as "a contribution of the producer" toward exposing "the crime of profiteering." And this was the idea: A young girl, apparently around fourteen, but afterward declared to be "of ?legal age," is driven through hunger to visit the home of the millionaire proprie? tor of the canning factory from which she ?had been discharged; is there subjected to ja brutal assault by the millionaire, and, in ! defence of herself, shoots at her assailant jand presumably kills him. This little girl is tried?in tho scenes that follow?and, in spite of her youth, her sex and a provocation universally held to be justifiable as a resort to any mode of defence, the jury is shown standing eleven to one in clamoring for the life of this child. The lone juror, an aged man, finally gives in, and the audience is shown, 'in all its horrors, the prison cell, the march to the executioner's chair, and the child seated therejn. At the last moment, of course, she is rescued and pardoned, ' through the grotesque "discovery" that at the moment her own pistol rang out an? other discharged employe had shot through the window, and that his bullet, and not hers, had the fatal issue. It would be difficult to imagine anything moro vacuous, improbable and inane. But this would scarcely distinguish this par? ticular film from the average run of "movie" productions. The point is that at a time when the courts and juries are re? proached for permitting revolver-carrying ladies to shoot without much hindrance whom they please the courts and the law are depicted as hounding to the electric chair an innocent child. At a time when work was never so plentiful and working people never so well employed?wages never so high in the whole history of the world?here is a film depicting a ruthless employer grinding down his wretched wage slaves with one hand and exacting enor? mous profits from the public with the other. And when a hungry mob of his striking employes attack his "palace" we have the gentleman shooting into the mob and apparently wounding or killing one of the strikers. Yet he goes unpunished, not even arrested. In brief, if the scenario had been writ? ten, let us say, by the departed Emma Goldman and the affair staged by the un lamented Mr. Berkman, it could scarcely have been a more excellent piece of anar? chistic propaganda than it is. Yet it is put out by a highly successful commercial exploiter of the "movie" drama, who could scarcely have left out of sight the box of? fice possibilities of the piece. Is there here a sign of the times? In proportion as actual poverty becomes less and the general condition of the great mass of the people is improved, does discontent become more acute? And is it profitable to pan? der to this feeling? Apparently it is. We do not know what "educational" value the "movie" possesses. It appeals to a wide variety of public, but in general we should say a public which docs not read very widely or think very deeply. Also, a very large part of "that public is young, therefore impressionable. What sort of ? notions does this sort of "movie" breed in I millions of immature ?uid untrained I minds? No Ersatz Doughnut! There is perhaps yet time to fend off the i Victory doughnut which Washington is I graciously endowing with an official per jmit. At any rate, we hope so. We set our j teeth and our pen firmly against the das? tardly pretence. We shall do our utmost I that truth and the historic faith shall pre ? vail. Countless substitute dishes there may be which are deserving of the original label. | Ersatz Wurst may surpass the original, for all we know. But there are other dishes which no substitute can replace and which no chef ought ever to dare to fill with any? thing save the genuine, original stuff. If we are to have whale, for instance, by all means let us have it. On the word of some ?bolder investigators, with a palate for the new and strange, it is excellent. But let ?us never descend to the depths of pretend | ing that it is roast beef. There stands far ?too noble a dish to be. replaced by any imi? tation! So il is with a doughnut. It is a dank, troublous offering to many a stomach. But it recks with personality. It is a dough? nut and nothing else. To construct it of rye flour may result in a new and wonder? ful concoction. But the thing could never he a doughnut. Let us harden our hearts and stiffen our courage for the war trials which lie inevitably ahead. But may we never darken our sky by supinely accept? ing and masticating an insult to a great and honorable 'American institution! Gefting It Over to the Kaiser The world war has stifled progresr in some arts, killed others. But one it has energized and made new. Cryptography has never in any one period of its history achieved such popularity or been brought to such perfection as under the stress | of this war. Necessity has wrought a revolution in all its methods. i Two important results of this rovo-j lufion are apparent. First, the unwieldy, entangling mechanical codes evolved by Wheatstonc,Bacon,Poe,Saint-Cyr and other | ingenious men have been discarded as un- ! safe and impracticable. Experience has ; proved that any cipher based upon some | elementary mathematical principal may lie I readily solved, ?along lines laid down by such scholars as Romani and de Vigenere. It has become necessary, therefore, for a I spy to exercise originality and imagina? tion in cipher writing if he would be sure of escaping detection. Another effect of the war has been to introduce novel methods of transmitting news from one country to another. The watchfulness of secret service operatives I everywhere has compelled the spy to shun all normal channels of communication and realize entirely new ways of getting his information through to its proper desti? nation. In this quest he lias manifested genius of a superb order. We have only to glance at the daily I papers for proof of this. An opera star is arrested in London with incriminating notes in her possession. Where is the key to these secrets found? Imprinted with acid upon her shoulders! Another hero of the espionage squad sketches an j innocent appearing cover design for a society journal in Porto Rico. And the Kaiser, who subscribes to it, is thereby enabled to ascertain exactly how much "reliance New York places on its Battery. ?So Sturzel's captors hint, at least. Earlier in the war even more baffling devices were used by spies operating in Europe. French coins, bearing the tiniest scratches, gave word to the German Crown Prince of Nivelle's impending offensive I in the Champagne. A French washerwoman j transmitted military intelligence ?o the! enemy aviators by a deft arrangement on sheets on the ground. A German spy in ' the British trenches informed his com-! rades of happenings by means of letters ! outlined upon the palms of his hands. None of these devices was detected for a great many weeks. The problem is a vexing one. It is im? possible, obviously, to stop some leaks. Reflect, for instance, how easily a copy of this Tribune might be sent to Berlin. Then observe, further, how in this very editorial the Kaiser might read a grave .secret?provided only he were told to take the first letter of each full line, j starting at the top. German Poison in the Schools The German virus eats in everywhere There can be little doubt that for some years before the war the German govern? ment, as an adjunct to its spy service here, was planting propagandists on the teaching staffs of our schools and colleges. Press? ure was skilfully created through the Ger? man-language press and through German and German-American organizations for a larger recognition of German Kultur, and especially for the compulsory teaching o?" the German language in the public-schools. Since the war educational boards and state legislatures have been cutting out German instruction. But the poisonous influence of the Teuton propagandist is still at work. The pro-German teachers in the public schools see that popular opin? ion will not tolerate much longer the main? tenance of German classes. They are therefore trying to induce the students who drop Cern?an to take up Spanish in pref? erence to French. As was pointed out in Tho Tribune the other day, the number of students taking German in the Brooklyn Eastern District High School, in a strong German-American section, declined from 1,701 in February, 1917, to 688 in Feb ruary of this year, while the number tak? ing Spanish increased in the same period from 231 to 1,20(5. But the number cf those taking French is smaller now than it was four years ago. French is the language of one of oui closest allies. It is a language which has long been accepted as a medium of com? munication by tho cultivated classes of all countries. It lias a high literary and edu? cational value. It is now being studied with avidity by hundreds of thousands of Americans who are to go to the front in France or have relatives who are going there. It should be pushed to the fore in all our schools and colleges, since knowl? edge of French is the one link with Europe at war which, so far as Americans are concerned, needs most strengthening to-day. The German poison feeders know this. 1 They are therefore doing what they can to ? combat the spread of French instruction I and to keep the French language out of ; that position of priority which it ought to have among foreign tongues in every ! American school. The State Department of Education and the Legislature should ? cooperate in stamping out this propaganda The German poison purveyor must be ex? terminated in every field in which he tries ! to peddle his noxious stuff. Three-Cent Interborough Postage Three-cent interborough postage is a j nuisance. But who is to blame for it and bow it is to be got rid of? "The Times" thinks that the Postofficc Department is misinterpreting the postal rate paragraph of the war revenue act of October last by requiring three-cent stamps to be placed en letters mailed from Manhattan to Brooklyn, Staten Island or Queens. But this is not the case. The law permits drop letters to be mailed at the two-cent rate. \ drop-letter is a letter for delivery within the same postofficc district in which it is mailed. Since New York City is split up into fourteen separate postal districts the three-cent rate properly applies to letters passing from one of these districts into another. ' The trouble is not with the law or its interpretation, but with, the antiquated postal organization which we still put up with. We ought to have one postoflice i here instead of fourteen independent post ! offices. Consolidation would eliminate the three-cent intracity rate. Those who want Uto escape an annoying and unnecessary tax | ought therefore to urge our Senators and ' Representatives to work for a postal merger. As soon as our thirteen useless postmasterships are abolished the abnor? mal three-cent local rate will automatically disappear. ._ The Guard Regiments A Strong Protest Against the Dismem? berment Which Has Taken Place To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: 1 want, to make a vigorous protest ?gainst the disorganization of the old regi? ments of the New York National Guard. These regiments have cherished associations and an honorable history. It is only neces? sary to mention the Fighting i39th and its record in the Civil War, the 71st at Bull Run and elsewhere and tho 7th with its long list of officers - furnished during that war. These regiments were made up of men who had given years of their lives to arduous training and tho serious study of military science. The changes made in these regi? ments have brought about a practical loss of identity and caused a deplorable loss of morale. Moreover, these changes by the national authorities, bad as they may be, are even less unjust ami injurious than the changes contemplated and already begun by the New York State authorities. These regiments are not only to lose identity and consecutive his? tory, but as now planned will return from honorable service abroad to find other or? ganizations bearing their old names, occupy? ing their old armories and they to be dis? banded. Should they wish to continue in service they must join this new State Guard, so called, and take chances of promotion all ever again. And what can we say of this State Guard r.ow in process- of organization? Those who join it are not required to take the oath of ! allegiance to the Constitution of the United i States, despite the Constitution itself -an oath required even of justices of the peace elected by the people. It is further proposed by bills in the State Legislature to make this State Guard a part of the active militia, notwithstanding the i act of Congress on the subject. Orders have ! been issued requiring the officers of this! State Guard to wear their uniforms on all occasions, thus confusing them with men on ; actual war duty in the national army. It' may be easily conjectured where such an ! order originated giving this home guard the ! came dignity in the public eye as the service | of the national army, with its possibilities of ! tremendous personal sacrifice. I cannot imagine any greater injustice to j the National Guard than this contemplated action on the part of the state authorities. New York, Feb. 8, 1918. VETERAN. Then and Now To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Following the sinking of the Tus-; canin, Secretary Baker is credited with the following: "An adversary who has refined i but made more deadly the stealth of the sav- I age in warfare has challenged America." The loss of the troop ship was a terrible disaster, but the fortune, or misfortune, of war, and, as I see it, does not call for the Sec? retary's dramatic sentence above quoted. The sinking of the unarmed passenger ship, Lusitania, with the murder of women and children and non-combatants, was an out? rage so damnably fiendish that only in this war has German history furnished a parallel. I do not recall that Secretary Baker be? tray??! any special excitement in this case. Then, however, he was not under criticism THEODORE G. SULLIVAN'! Montclair, N. J., Feb. 7, 1918. Hiding Behind Marriage Tc the Editor "of The Tribune. Sir: Has it occurred to you that the rul? ing affecting marriages contracted since May of last year is rather unfair to the girls who grve up the men they liked most to Uncle' Sam. and did even more than that, they re- ' fused to be married, and sent their only hap? piness to serve the country? What I mean is: Does it not seem unfair that the young men that have'married (lots just to escape service I know some of them my? self), physical cowards, should be permitted to hide behind the marriage law of Secre? tary "Baker's making, ?n order to get out of service ? A GIRL WHO CONSIDERS THE RULING i MOST UNFAIR. New York, Feb. S, 1918. i V MA1-?6MAI- Th?. P^NiS? ?^Kii-SiVMt? -From Y'/ie Indianapolis Neivs McAdoo Washington, February 10. 1-MIE policeman, as the traditional re? pository of troubles, must be having an easy time of it these days. Every i body now tells his troubles to William Gibbs | M?Adoo. The trouble tellers aro local, na I tional and international. One minute the | hearer of troubles is some sovereign nation i that wishes to make a mild little "touch" for three or four hundred millions. The next ! minute it is some farmer who wants Mr. Mc i Adoo to seo that he has a car on his siding on the lGth of next March. Now come France, | England and Italy crying for the transport I of food; then comes a Congressman who is i sorely troubled about the cutting off of intra I state transportation for the editor of an I influential paper in Bear Gulch. Mr. McAdoo ! attends to them all at the rato of about a live-minute maximum to each. "Defer" and "refer" are the twin feral curses of Wash , ington and every part thereof. Mr. McAdoo . despises them. No friend of the twain can ; ever accomplish anything, and in his multi [ tudinous jobs Mr. McAdoo must finish or be ? finished. And this is the way he does it: Seeing What They Want And Asking for It To the Italian representative: ".So you j need some money, do you? All right, step j out to the counter and get it." To the farmer: "You'll get that car, my friend." ? I To the Congressman: "Sorry, but no : more passes for the Bear Gulch journalist." To the ambassadors of allied hunger: "I'll j order special food trains rushed through on : j passenger time. Have your ships ready at i Baltimore in live days." 1 Some day when you think you have too > much to do reflect on these functions of Mr. ; McAdoo. He is: Banker for the Allied world. Secretary and General Manager of the Treasury of the United States, the most powerful and plethoric financial aggregation ever aggregated under 'the canopy of the blue. Chairman of the Federal ??Reserve Board, now become the most powerful banking in : stitution known to mankind. Director General of more than half the ; railways of the world. I Head of the war risk insurance organiza? tion, on a fair way to become the master life insurer of the world. Chairman of the Farm Loan Board, which is undertaking to finance five million farm ; ers. Treasurer of the American Red Cross spe? cial $100,000,000 fund. Chairman of the International High Com? mission. About to become chairman of the Federal Finance Corporation. And would like to have charge of the $50,000,000 labor housing programme. Not a member of the Council of National Defence?but that doesn't require any time. How the Office Sought the Man When the Federal government reached out and picked up 250,000 miles of railway and all the things, human, material and im? material, that appertain thereto, President Wilson and Mr. McAdoo unanimously agreed that William Gibbs was the man for the job. "You see," the latter may be imagined as saying to the Chief Executive, "I have only these few things to attend to now, and I spread them out over the whole day. I can easily jam them into half a day, and take on the railway job for the rest of the time." And he did. (ireat Britain, France, Italy, Belgium, | Belgium and the Congo Charges of Atrocities Not Sustained by Facts To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: The letter from Mr. Charles Hooper, I of Seattle, appearing in The Tribune of February 7 calls for a few words. In the course of a rather cloudy speculation on the means of securing an early peace the writer says: "Belgium's sins in the Congo do not entitle her to a very great deal of sympathy, but, of course, her derelictions in the Congo cannot be considered in the council chamber." I suppose that this piece of literature : refers to the campaign of abuse against the j Congo Free State some twenty years ago. ' This campaign was run by a clique of Liver- I pool operators under the lead of Casement! and Morell. Many investigators roamed in I the Congo State at that time, with a view ! to substantiating the Congo "atrocities," and ! never has there been produced one proof of a system of atrocities of which the Congo Free State was accused. Since the Congo Free State became a Bel? gian colony, ?n*1910, the country has become a field of practical observation for foreign individuals and official missions. The ef? ficiency and liberalism of the government are fully established by the results. Uf all the colonies in the world that were opened Greece, China, Japan and the rest of the Allies, the Federal Reserve, the Treasury, the Farm Loan Board and other miscellane? ous activities and responsibilities now get the morning of Mr. McAdoo's day. The rail? ways get the afternoon and the big end of the day. There remains the night. Mr. McAdoo's day begins at 1 a. m., at ? which time he goes to bed -but with a nice I little memorandum pad and a pencil under a I reading light conveniently placed at the I head of the bed. The pad and the pencil are ? the worry absorbers. At, say, 2 a. m? Mr. Mc? Adoo having been asleep for an hour, bis (subconscious self awaken; his conscious ' self and whispers an idea. Thereupon the j composite Mr. McAdoo switches on the light, makes a memorandum of the idea and J goes back to sleep. At 3 a. m., same thing. \ Ditto, 4, o, C, 7, 8. At 9, thoroughly re I freshed after eight hours of sleep, which he j insists on having if he has to- fight for it, ! Mr. McAdoo arises. Then he allows about half an hour for toilet and breakfast, consults I documents and data for about half an hour, and after a brisk walk from his residence arrives at the Treasury at 10. Wednesdays ! and Fridays are Cabinet meeting mornings. ; Whatever time is left from the Cabinet meetings on these mornings is given to Treasury business?also all of Thursday I morning -and Treasury business rnean3 I everything that is not railway business that relates to Mr. McAdoo's official functions. j lie tries to reserve these mornings for intra ! office business. Monday, Wednesday and ! Saturday mornings outside Treasury busi ; ness relations get their innings. Here's a | sample "outside" morning: A Little Business' On "The Outside" ? 10 Representatives Kitchin and Page, with the tale of woe of the short-line railways, . who are "hollering" as hard to get into the government fold, as the big roads "hollered" to keep out. 10:15- -Commissioner Donald, of the Ship? ping Board, with a shipbuilding financial tangle. 10:20?Sir Richard Crawford, of the Brit j ish Embassy; M. Tardieu, for France, and Count V. Macchi di Cellere,-Italian Ambas? sador, to discuss quicker lunches for the Allies. 10:40-Senator Bankhead, on something. 10:40?Senator Hoke Smith, on something. 10:50- Edwin G. Gay, from the Shipping Board, to talk about harbor safety plans. 11- Senator Stone. Purpose not disclosed. 11. to 1?A flock of department business. 1 to 2- Quick dash for home and lunch and then to the railway office in the Inter? state Commerce Building. 2 to ,'1:30- Sessions with, railway staff. Short talks and quick decisions. 3:30 to 7?Special problems, appoint? ments on railway business, general public, newspaper men, correspondence, etc. 7 to 8 Dinner. 8 to 1 ? Executive sessions with large bundles of papers and data, brought or sent from the two offices. These are the hours of study and thought, without even a secretary or stenographer to disturb or divert. Mr. McAdoo's allowance for recreation, dinners, parties, theatres, etc., is nil. When the good old summer time comes be hopes to steal a little period for tennis. Judging from the number of memoranda written at the urgings of the subconscious self, Mr. McAdoo's assistants think he does even more real head work when asleep than when awake. According to them, he has Edison beaten. Edison argues that sleep is not necessary. Mr. McAdoo says: "Why not sleep and work, too?" Railway trains run all night so does the Director General of Railways. to the influence of the white race since the time Henry Stanley landed at Vivi, the Bel? gian Congo is by far the most developed colony, morally as well as materially. It has by far the largest mileage of railroads, telephone and telegraph wires; the best, fast? est and safest river steamer services; the biggest white population of all nationalities; the greatest number of religious establish? ments of all denominations; its medical sur? vey is unequalled by the sister colonies in Africa; the Bacteriological Institute of Leo poldville is famous the world over for its discoveries in tropical pathology; the colony was one of the first to adopt a monetary sys? tem for use among the natives; its com- ' merce outranges by far that of its neigh? bors; the sale of alcoholic drinks to the, negroes has been long since prohibited, and it has been recognized by all the powers in Europe that it was the best policed colony ! in Black Africa in spite of its immense ter- ' ritory. The "public force," as the armed po? lice is ?palled, has shown its striking ef ticiency in^the quick and thorough manner in j which it disposed of the Germans in East Africa, cleaning two hundred thousand square kilometres of country, with Tabora, the capi? tal, included, in five months' time, despite the fact that this was going on in the very ' heart of Africa, twelve hundred and fifty miles from the sea, through a roadless and mountainous country. L. F. DE BACKER. New York. Feb. 7. 191* Lincoln and Wilson (From Tit- Villager) NE does not go far in these days, ?M out meeting the man who can dis Of all adverse comment upon ?? O Administration by pointing out that ' iafrly part of the Civil War a great ?5 ifi ig taken patriots bitterly criticised Lin*1!7 ! and his Cabinet. The argument is \n\\y | words of Barrio's policeman, infallyab, ! Mr. Buker is sure of his seat so Ion? . '?' i can continue to be as unpopular as \i I .Stanton, and Mr. Wilson can be surp ?, r 6a right aa Lincoln if only t'.e press t'' ; abuce him enough. The fundamental mig?-?' fception of the analogy will, of course be *" I parent to any one who reflects a little o *?'*" : peint of critical departure in each case "Ti' j President, judged by both proclamations th ! have followed the late confiscaron act '? Congress, has no nfind whatever" ??.i Wendell Phillips at Abu ;don m \%r,i. ??p not uttered a word which gives even* twilight giimose of any anti-slavery purpou I do not believe there is in the Cabinet* Seward, Chase, Stanton, Wells, or the Pr?,.: dent of the country enough to make"' leader. I do not believe in the govern? 1 agree entirely with Mr. Conway. \ ^ bolieve this government ha; ^ot either vi ! or a purpose. Until this nation announf?!'" i?? seme form or other, that this is a war - ! -?gainst Jefferron Davis, but agair.st th ?-. * I tern; until the whole nation indo^^V resolution of the New York Chamber utfw. rr.crce. 'Better every rebel die than oneWi soldier,' ;vrd begs of * niands of the governmei which is victory and pe w shall have no prosp 'the sort of criticism wi England awake evenir,?; i ?cially it sounds like jovernc-ent, fc. > speak that won until we dothj-' >f peace." Thi*y was keeping K? 1362, and super, good deal of th? I criticism of our own enthusiastically pejj;. ! mistic days. But looking beyond "the re ? semblance in the mere opposition, what is th? | tl'ffereTiee in the complaint? Phillips ?*?>! > denouneing the governm ?:.?. ; ot for U?al il | refused to hurry an army against the Souti ! but for that it was?in his opinion_refusin | to recognize the conflict between the state; as a moral issue: that it hesitated before th? one step which would show the ?war to be z war against ?in evil system, not mere!? against a few rebel insurgents. New Enj. ? land was not concerned about men and ruin in 1862, but abo.it the freedom and dignitr of man; it was not asking for a more efficient : ordnance department, but for the? Emaneip-.* t'on Proclamation; it was calling Mr. 1? coin to account not for a failing on the a? ' tcrial, but on the spiritual side. We n? n^t, perhaps, point out that the public : 1018 has no such charge as this to bri:.; t against i*s War President. No one in i\ ? this extensivo land can say that Mr. Wilsc 'lias stinted himself in the matter of mon. . issue.-;; indeed, there are few of the Um? retical aspects of this great conflict in wind : he lias not defined and redefined our and hi position in most generous eloquence, and th c-;ly quarrel which the American people ban with him is that in their opinion -hchasr.;: giver, enough attention to the actual consol ? dation of that position in the front lint ?trenches of France. Mr. Wilson took tw; i years, lacking a few weeks, to insure fo: America a high ;m?J noble state of mind cot corning this world war: the American pe: pie arc to-day blaming him that he has BpeM ! more energy in our spiritual preparation ? than in shipbuilding. The way o? anaioj I pleasantly easy, but no other road is ; nlentiful of pitfalls; it will take more that, j the mere existence of criticism to identifi i Mr. Wilson with Abraham Lincoln. No Politicians! To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Senator Chamberlain, in his war ci ! net scheme, left out the most imporu: clauses, as follows: a. "No appointee to the war cabinet sha' I heretofore ever have held any political t 'governmental position, office or job, Federn! I state or local; or any party organizatio: position or office; or have ever run for anj office as the nominee of any party. b. "Any appointee accepting office in th i war cabinet shall thereby be debarred fro: ever subsequently accepting any Federal I ; state office or appointment. | c. "The foregoing shall not apply to arm1 ?or navy officers already in service, to volet i teers serving without pay in any branch? : of the. government, or to minor duties in ? posed by law on citizens, such as jury dot?. ?etc." Ten months ago you published a iettt I from me in which it was stated that a ?"? cabinet must be formed or America wosli ! fail. ?^ince Senator Chamberlain has belated waked to this self-evident fact, perhaps lit can be sufficiently resuscitated to grasp tV other self-evident fact that politicians mu? ;be categorically excluded both for practica reasons and for the psychological effect Somewhere in America there must bethre Americans of proved ability who can st talking long enough to do something. A: if there are we want them for the war cat I net. W. GR?HAME-JONE" New York, Jan. 22. 1". Ne ts duty to the public ana i? luch of the dish* nesty of that? would have Leen prevented. RUDOLPH CONFUJ* iw Vor!:, Jan. 22, 1918. Only Hay Is Cheaper To the ll?iior of Tl e Tribune. , Sir: Another crime is now attribute? the farmer-hoarding his potato crop ?efusing to sell. As a matter of k**? ?everse is the case, for right here *? ten thousand bushels of potatoes, of s a quidjty as were ever grown, for s?J'e cents per pound. . v, Xow, three potatoes averaging seven i" in circumference and four and one-hall I?*" ling will weigh a pound', and there sixty pounds in a bushel, that mt-a?s hundred and eighty and. still further, ? million eight hundred thousand that *'e not refuse to sell. . se? ' '(!?? There is only one item that we the menu that is cheaper, ami that is but not many care for it baked. W. W. SCHERMKRHOR> Master Ausable Valley Orsnl* Keeseville, N. Y.. Feb. 6, 1918.