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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 21, 1918, Image 2

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?trians, completing the expulsion of the
.Russians from all lands claimed by the
Dual Monarchy. Vienna announces this
movement as* in conformity with the
treaty of peace signed with the Ukraine.
Trotzky Cannot Be
Trusted, Kuehlmann
Tells the Reichstag
AMSTERDAM, Feb. 20.- Dr. Richard
von Kuehlmann, the German Foreign
Secretary, at the opening session of
the German Reichstag to-day delivered
an address to the members, in. which
he dealt at length with the peace treaty
signed by the Central Powers with the
Ukraino and the collapse of the peace
negotiations with Russia. Count von
Hertling, the Imperial German Chan?
cellor, and Friederich von Payer, the
Vice-Chancellor, were attentive listen?
ers to the address.
Dr. von Kuehlmann asserted that
'he pacific intentions of Russia could
no longer he credited, but he said that
even, to-day Germany was prepared to
conclude a peace "which corresponds
with our interests." He instanced tin
peace agreement with the Ukraine <?
an indication of the readiness of tin
Central Powers for peace. He referred
especially to the advantages which tin
Teutonic allies would derive during tin
present year from the economic treat}
with the Ukraine and recommended
'he approval of the compact.
Tribue to Ukrainians
Speaking on the first reading of the
Ukraine treaty. Dr. von Kuehlmani
said the Ukraine Peoples' Republic was
."- young state, reared on the ground o;
the former Russinn Umpire after tin
decaying edifice of the Czar's empire
which shared the principal guilt foi
kindling the world's war, collapsed un?
der the blow of the German armies
The Ukrainian race was one of tin
strongest elements of the Russian Kir.
pire. In respect to its mineral-, coa
?nd iron, the Ukraine was very rich am
also possessed ciernen! - of its own in
The Great Russian representative - o
'he Bolsheviki, the Foreign Secretar:
continued, maintained friendly rola
tiens with the Ukraine so long as I.em
Trotzky. the Bolshevik Foreign Mon?
ter, could assume that tiie People's Re
public of tiie Ukraine would primaril;
direct their policies accordng to the in
'erests of the Petrograd Cabinet
When, however, the Ukranians realize?
that the Petrograd Cabinet was no
pursuing a sincere peace policy the rep
resentatives of the Ukraine adopted th
standpoint of ending the war by peace
-hey would in no wise be responsibl
for the sins of Czarism.
.Negotiations Not Easj
"The negotiations were not quite iv
easy as in most cases with sue!". youn?
peoples," said Dr. von Kuehlmann
national ideals ami desires were no
free from tin; exuberance of their rep
resentatives. They made territoria
demands which were hardly capable o
realization. The demarkation of th
frontier with Russia had to b<- let
for a later period?-after discussion
with the Russian government then i
The only thing that concerned u
was to lay down the Western frontier
of the new '?t?te, in which the debark
ation of the frontier as regards Polan
'?eceived the most attention and ex
oerienced ti;< livelies! criticism fro:
:hc Poles."
Dr. von Kuehir.ianu said that withoi
being too sanguine he believed th
ocuntry hailed peace with the Ukrain
with relief and joy. "as the fir t ste
toward the restoration of ft genen
pee.ee which we all hope to attai
within measurable time."
"As weighty as are the interests i
question for us," Dr. von Kuehlman
continued, "thev are considerabl
weightier for the Dual Monarchv, I
our case the interests arc chiefly e:
ternal; in theirs, in addition to the ???
ternal, there are momentous interest
of* an internai political nature. Ti
act that the settlement look the fort
it did ?rose from the consideratio
.'.hich Dr. von Seydler, the Austria
Premier, pointed out yesterday, namel
the fear thai the futrher forcing ba?
o? their claims to the Cholm front:?
would have resulted in the wreckage ?
the treaty. The overwhelming majoril
of the German people would not \\a\
understood such an action. They won
have disapproved most severely, and,
'hink, rightly, an action entailing ti
?acrifice of a peace so much desired,
"That we gave very much eons;
? ration indeed to Polish interests
dear from the form of stipulations ?I
aiiing frontier lines, only in a gener
cay reserving detailed demarkation f
a commission. Further, the negoti
iions which the Austro-IIungarian go
ernment, in accord with the Ge
man government, conducted with !
Ukraine resulted in making it cle
that the paragraph about the definiti
demarkation of frontier lines can
interpreted in a much more ample ma
ner, and that in this way the ethn
graphical situation and the desires
'he population can receive most In
'caching consideration.
"A projected commission w II inclu
not only 'the representative- of *
allies (Teutonic), but also Polish del
gates. We have done everything pc
.-?ble to attain a just demarkation
The Foreign Secretary read the wii
?ess dispatch from the Bolsheviki a
uouncing that they found it necessa
to sign a peace agreement on the ten
dictated by the Central Power-. He sa
ho would like to warn the members
the Reichstag Main Committee agair
the belief that peace with Russia w
?n their pockets, adding:
"Peace with Russia will have he
arrived at only when the signatures
the treaty are dry."
Denounce? Trotzk>
Hi. von Kuehlmann saoj the condi
of the Russian delegates at the peu
negotiations at Brest-Litovsk, and
particular that of Leon Trotzky, v.
without precedent in history. With I
last declaration, the Foreign Minist
?leclared, M. Trotzky attempted to i
?ricate himself from a position whi
nad become untenable, and he was i
really desirous of concluding peace.
After saying the pacific intentions
Russia could be credited no longer, I
that even to-day Germany was prepai
to conclude a peace "which correspoi
with our interests," the Foreign Min
ter referred to Ukraine. He said I
peace- agreement in that instance 1:
been reached in consequence of t
readiness of the Central Powers
peace, adding:
"Ukraine is a rich country, and 1
decisive factor for the conclusion
peace was economic. When it came
the fixing of the frontiers, Ckra
claimed Cholm. There was danger t!
the negotiations might be wrecked
this demand were not taken into
count. This teas not a source of trou
in respect of the relations among
Central Powers, but the Poles felt, in
The frontiers of Cholm have not
been fixed definitely. They will be
tablished by a commission includ
representatives uf Ukraine ami
The Foreign Minister said the C
tral Powers would derive ad van ta
this year from the economic tie
with Ukraine. He recommended
proval of the treaty, the first read
of which u-8< fixed for the follow
Polish Deputv Protests
During the debate in the Reichs
Adolf Groeber, one of the Centrist le
< rs, said the apportionment of Cholm
Ukraine would never have been deci?
?.pon if Poland had been admitted
the negotiations at Brest-Uitovsk.
ilerr Seyda, a Polish deputy, prot?
cd that lack of respect for the right
self-determination had been shown by
the exclusion of the Poles from the ne?
gotiations respecting Ukraine, lie de?
clared Cholm must not be given to
Ukraine, lie added that Grodno and
Bialyatok, which hud been Polish from
time immemorial, must not be assigned
t<? Lithuania.
Dr. Herman Paasche, the Yieo-Prosi
ilent, discussed the Ukrainian peace and
Germany's intentions in the East, ?ml
concluded by declaring :
"However much we desire peace, wo
are firmly resolved to hold out with
i genuine Gorman loyalty until a peace
; is attained which guarantees us, in a
i free country, washed by a free ocean.
; the certainly of healthy development."
The Ukrainian peace. Dr. Panscht
said, showed that the Central Powers
i were m earnest agreement with the
Emperor's declaration that they were
waging no war of conquest, as that
, peace was made without indemnities oi
cessions of territory, and was a peace
i honorable to both parties and mutually
< advantageous. Blame for the resump?
tion of the war with Russia could not
' be placed upon the Central Powers, he
asserted. The Bolsheviki. when they
; found the Germans could not be en
ticed to destroy the foundations of
! civic liberty, he said, broke off the nc
- got i at ions.
"We now shudder at the contempla?
tion of the cruelties of the lawless
bands which support the present so
called government of Russia," he con?
tinued, "and we hope that energetic
action on our part will help the races
' which severed themselves from Old
Russia, according to the principles of
the right of self-determination, to re?
turn to peaceful work, freed from the
terrible scourge of the Bolshevik hor
! der hordes."
The honest desire for peace expressed
by Chancellor von Hertling, continued
?? Dr. Paasche, had been rejected by these
I enemies of the Central Powers, despite
the tears engendered by the possibili
' ties of an attack by the German armies,
and they comported themselves as
though they thought they could fore?'
their will upon the Central Powers.
The German people, however, had
shown them by victorious military op?
erations that their strength was un?
broken and unbreakable.
"Our enemies were unable, unassist?
ed, to carry on the war upon the Ger?
man people." Dr. Paasch?.' added, "and
gained by trickery or force new allies
recently America."
The Vice-President concluded with a
declaration of Germany's intention to
hold out. Aile: h,- luid spoken the
Reichstag adjourned until Wednesday.
Trotzky Rushes His
Surrender in Writing
To German Chief
PETROGRAD, Feb. 20. General
Hoffmann, the German military repre?
sentative at. the Brest-Litovsk peace
conference, has telegraphed to the Bol?
shevik government for a written au?
thentication of the Russian wireless
peace rnessagi senl ye terdaj to Berlin.
General Hoffmann, according to a Bus
sian official statement given out to-day.
says that the authentication must be
sent Lo the German command at
Dvin k.
The Russian official statement says
thai ;. messenger I rom Petrograd is
being sent to U\ in: k to da: with the
orig nal peace mes ;age wl ich was
signed by Premier L?nine and Foreign
Minister Trotzky.
The statement rea'?.! :
"To-day, Tuesday, ;?.' 7 !-. ia? a repb
ha-? been received bj t! >? Tsarskoc-Selo
statin:: from General Hoffmann to the
wireless message of the Council of
People's Commissaries which say/,:
???To the Council <?;' People's Com?
missaries A wireless message, signet!
by Nikolai Lcnine am! I. Trotzky, from
Tsarskoe-Selo was to-day (Tuesday") re?
ceived at K?nig Wuslerhausen at 9:111
a. m. It. has been handed over to the
royal government, although a wireless
message cannot be regarded as an offi?
cial document because ti.>- original sig?
natures ?re absent. 1 am authorized
to request from the People's Commis?
saries authentication m writing of the
wireless message, which must he sont
lo the Gei'nan command a! Dvinsk.
"We are sending to-day from Petro
i.::t-'i . messenger '.?> Dvinsk with tin
wireless message containing the orig
inal signatures of L?nine and Trotzky
\\,, beg you to give us an acknowledg?
ment of this message and inform us if
it has bi en received promptly. We also
beg you to reply in Russian.
Austrian Premier
Seeks to Justify
Ceding of Cholm
AMSTERDAM, Feb. 'JO. The Aus?
trian Premier, Dr, von Seydler, speak?
ing ;': the Reichsral to-day, entered
into a long defence of the origina'
treaty of peace with Ukraine, and an?
nounced' a subsequent treaty appoint
in;,' a commission to define the fron?
tiers cf 1 'krainc and Cholm.
"The Petrograd government,'' in
said, "has declared the state of war he
tween Russia and Austria-Hungary .it
at? end, and, so far as human judg
ment car. foresee, a state of war wil
not again arise between these twe
"Responding to German cries of lud]
from Esthonia and Livonia, Germanj
resolved to march further into the in
terior in order to save from certait
destruction those unhappy national!
living in those provinces, In full ac?
cord with oiiv .-?lues, we decided noi
to participate in this military action
Our aim, therefore, remains what i'
was before t>> bring help as speedilj
;?s possible to the Aust ro-IIungariai
nationals still on Russian soil."
211.000 Prisoners Released
Dr. .on Seydler announced that 20,
000 prisoners had already arrived frort
Russia, and that negotiations would b(
resumed with the Petrograd govern?
ment for the exchange o? prisoners.
In explaining the appointment of tin
commission, tin- Premier declared that
the future of Cholm would depend upor
race principles and the desires of tin
population. Russia, he said,-had de?
manded for its territories the righi
of all peoples to self determination
even to the extent of complete sever
"We accepted this standpoint forth?
occupied territories," he continued
"and all the negotiations at Brest
Litovsk wer?' conducted on this basis
We recognized this right for the peo
pies of Lithuania, Courland and Poland
ami no logical or moral ground coulc
be discovered for depriving the Ukrain
ians of the right granted to other Rus
sian peoples.
"Right To Be Heard"
"The members of (he Polish (Tut
cannot deny the existence of a large
Ukrainian population in Cholm, am
that this nation has the right to hi
heard. 1 ko even farther and say i
was the duty of the Austro-Hungariai
government to conclude peace with tin
"What was secure 1 at Brest-Litovsl
was peace for the people, and tin
Austro-Hungarian peoples would neve'
lave understood if we had rejected thi:
peace or rejected the possibility of ob
taining wheat merely in order tha'
Cholm in its entirety and uncondition
ally should fall to Poland. What woulc
the empire's reply have been if th?
Foreign Minister hud returned and ad
mitte?! that he had spoiled the chance:
of peace because he refused to thi
Ukrainian population of (..'holm th<
same right to he heard as is possessei
by the Polish part.''
Dr. von Seydler here quoted Presi?
dent Wilson'- phrase that peoples uk
'4 i #
"rf?eVtmostin Cigarettes"
Plain End or Cork Tip
People of culture and refinement
invariably PREFER^ Deities
to any other cigarette
Twenty Five Cents
//f Makers of the Highest Grade Turkish
^W0& and Egyptian Cigarettes in the World
j provinces must not be transferred from
; cue state of authority to ajiother mere
? ly as pawns in a game, and continued:
"Had we acted as the gentlemen of
the Polish Club demand, we should not
only have failed to conclude peace with
Ukraine, but should have severed the
delicate threads, which may perhaps
lead to a g?nerai peace, and the voices
raised in defence of such a policy would
have been drowned under a raging hur?
ricane of indignai ion from all tiie Aus?
trian races.
"In view of these various considera?
tions, I must, also emphatically reject,
certain insinuations which have been
' made concerning the relations between
: Austria-Hungary and Germany."
The Premier's speech was received
throughout with unusual demonstra?
tions of aproval, except from the Poles,
who, however, remained calm, though
showing occasional signs of dissent.
In an address to the lower house of
the Reichsrath at Vienna, Dr. von Seyd
? 1er declared that under the peace
treaty with the Ukraine there had been
.placed at the disposal of the Central
Powers the Ukraine's surplus of agri?
cultural products. This surplus, the
, Premier asserted, was greater than
'Tie Central Powers, at tiie nn'sl favor?
able estimate, could transport.
Premier Seydler said that Ukraine
was interested in supplying the Central
Powers with grain, foi, otherwise,
(hose parts of the treaty which em?
bodied the concessions of the Central
Powers to I kraine would lapue.
It must not Ire forgotten that the
whole of Russia, including the Ukraine,
was convulsed with a civil war and that
the difficulties of transport were ex?
traordinarily great. According to in?
formation reaching the Foreign Min?
ister anarch;, was increasing in all
par! ?' of Rust ia.
"dur aim in all this turmoil." con
inued tin.' Premier, "can and will only'
he (t? (io everything to provide our.
heroic population with foodstuffs
which, by icason of its long privations:
ami its resolute perseverance i; de?
Teuton Peoples
Not in Sympathy
With Russian War
LONDON, Feb. 20.?Germany's new I
war against Russia apparently is not ;
popular with the German or Austrian j
peopie. according to comment in the
press of the two countries.
When the Brest-Litovsk negotiations
closed all talk in! Germany was of
peace. The school children were given
a holiday and joy hells were rung. The
public apparently did not discriminate
between peace with the Ukraine and
with (Heat Russia, but acclaimed it as
a general peace with Russia.
Georg Bernhard in the "Vossische
Zeitung" emphasizes this point, and
wants an explanation of who was re?
sponsible for this disappointment. The
Socialist "Vorwaerts" takes the same
linn and says;
"The more we meddle in Russian af?
fairs the more we get away from peace.
What must be done is to stick to the j
defence of our own soil and to make '
peace wherever possible without an?
nexation or forcible amputations."
A large section of opinion in Aus?
tria-Hungary also is alarmed over the
prospect of a renewal of war with
Russia. Dispatches from Amsterdam;
and Zurich quoto Austro-Hungarian ?
newspapers to this effect, and a Vienna
dispatch to the "Vossische Zeitung" re-i
ports a rising of feeling against Ger- I
many on account of he action against'
The "Neue Freie Presse" and the j
"Reichspost" argue that as Austria
Hungary no longer has any enemies on
her eastern frontiers she is not culled
to interfere in Russian internal affairs.
The "Arbeiter Zeitung," Vienna's lead?
ing Socialist newspaper, insists em?
phatically that Austria-Hungary must
not take part in a new offensive. It
thinks that the invasion of a totally
defenceless country will gain the Ger- j
man government little support among I
the Cern?an workers, who, although
they entered the war against Czardom
with enthusiasm, will not indorse it?
continuance for the purpose of over
throwing the labor government in Pet?
"Austria-Hungary." if adds, "cannot;
hinder the plans of the German im- ,
perialists, but it cannot, and dare not '
join Germany in a new war on Russia.
This appears also to he the view of j
the Emperor and the government, but
the people demand from Count Czernin,
the Foreign Secretary, absolute assur-;
anee that Austria-Hungary regards her
war with Russia as ended."
Russian Capitulation
Should Prove Lesson
To Allies, Paris View j
PARIS, Feb. 20.?The capitulation of
the Bolsheviki to the Central Powers
has caused regret here, but no sur- j
prise. i'vv: opinions have thus far
been expressed as to the effect on the \
war as a whole. M. St. Price, writing \
in the "Journal," says he hopes that j
the. lesson to be drawn from the course ]
of events in Russia will not go un- \
herded. n he advantage obtained by
the Cerninas from dissension among
the Russians gives some idea, he says.
of i he benefits which dissension in
other quarters would surely confer ;
upon them.
The "Echo de Paris" expects that the '
event will "instil a little more com- i
?nor. sense into the. Allied councils."
It hopes London and Washington "will ?'
cease to compare the Russian with the
French Revolution or to expect the
revolutionary ferment fb spread from
Russia to Germany and Austria." Such
ideas, it asserts, stand in the way of
necessary action by Japan in Siberia.
which several other newspapers also
All the newspapers agree that Rus- !
sia's capitulation seals the doom of Ru- |
mania, which will have no choice but
to make the best terms possible, I
Pope*s Peace
Drive Upheld
By Gibbons
? on I In lie?.] from pagre I
'Revue Hebdomadaire," in -luly, 1015, the
Pope also protested against 'the martyr?
dom of the poor Belgian priests and so
many other horrors on which light has
been' cast.' He protested also against
the Belgian deportation:; and had hun?
dreds of victims of these cruel meas?
ures returned to their homes. Such has
been his solicitude for the martyred
nation that it has called for the mosl
profuse, thanks from the two great
heroes of the war. King Albert and
Cardinal Mercier.
"His Holiness also protested to
Russia against the violence to persons
and to conscience displayed during the
early occupation of East Prussia and
Galicia, and against the harsh treat?
ment of Monsignor Szeptycki, the ven?
erable Archbishop of Lemberg. He has
labored for the prisoners of war, for
the crippled anil the blind of the War's
i ountless bat tletields.
"His conduct toward the Italian gov
crnmeni ha : been marked by such a
spirit of conciliation, justice ami abso?
lute impartiality that, high government
officials have praised him and those
under his jurisdiction. The silly anil
cowardly slanders recently brought
against his patriotism by radicals arc
so gross as no! to deserve a refuta
I ion.
?'The Holy Father has faced a terrible
ordeal. He is facing it still. On all
sides lie is surrounded by pitfalls.
Every act of his is watched, scrutinized
by jealous, critical, hostile eyes, only
too ready to lind fault and to register
blame. ?More than ever he needs the
support of his loyal children. The
Roman Pontiffs of the past have ever
found in American Catholics, a whole?
hearted devotion. We are not going to
fail our Holy Father, Pope Benedict
XV. ?n this supreme hour.
"For all that he has done so nobly
and so unselfishly for the cause of
peace and humanity his faithful chil?
dren here in the United States, for
whose people he has more than once
expressed his admiration and love, are
profoundly grateful. Though at war in
order that all the peoples of the earth
may be really free, we wish will) him
that a just peace may be soon regained.
For that oeace he has nobly and gen?
erously striven. Men may not now
realize the extent and the nobility of
his efforts, hut. when the voices of pas?
sion are stilled history will finally do
him full justice."
Pope Is Saddened
By Babies' Death
Sends Message of Condolence
for Nunnery Disaster to
Bishop of Montreal
MONTREAL, Feb. 20.- The Arch?
bishop of Montreal received a cablo
gram from the Vatican to-day, express?
ing the sorrow of Pope Benedict over
the disaster at the Grey Nunnery last
Thursday night, when lifty-three babies
were burin-d to death.
The message follows :
"The Holy lather, profoundly af?
fected by sad news of ?ire in the hos?
pital of the Grey Nunnery, associates
himself with your grace, the city and.
above all. the sorrow-stricken mem?
bers of the institution, whom he com
?'orts with his paternal benediction, and
whom the prayers of the innocent vic?
tims will console and assist from
heaven above.
German Envoy Linked
With Madrid "Reds"
Spanish Newspaper Publishes
Documents Revealing Teu?
ton-Anarchist Deals
PARIS, Feb. 20.?Close relations be?
tween the German Embassy at Madrid
and the most notorious anarchists in
Spain have been brought to light, ac?
cording to the "Matin."
The newspaper "El Sol" bus pub?
lished documents to prove that Dr. von i
Stohrer, second secretary of the (?er
man Embassy at Madrid, sent money to
anarchistic agitators and committed the j
imprudence of writing to them. The
propaganda1 thus financed, adds this :
paper, was directed not only against
public order, but even against the per- :
son of the King. The revelations have
had a deep effect in Madrid.
Kaiser's Attache
At Madrid Recalled
PARIS. Feb. 20.?At the request of
the Spanish authorities a safe conduct!
through France has been granted to
Captain von Krohn, the former Ger?
man naval attache at Madrid, whoso '
recall was requested by the Spanish ?
government. Von Krohn's family will
also be permitted to travel through'1
France ou condition that they conform i
to all necessary measures prescribed
by the authorities.
Mackensen Gives Rumania
48 Hours to Form Cabinet:
' j
Bars Foes of Teutons
LONDON, Feb. 20- It is asserted I
that on being asked by Rumania that
he allow the proper time for the forma
tion of a new Rumanian Cabinet, Field I
Marshal von Mackensen, the German
commander in Rumania, replied dicta
torially that he expected the Cabinet to
be formed within forty-eight hours, and I
that it was to include, no statesman i
conspicuously hostile toward Germany]
or Austria.
McAdoo Consents
To Changes in Bill
For Stock Control
Licensing of Security Is?
sues To Be Vested in
"Capital Committee"
WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. An agree?
ment for revision of the two most im?
portant provisions of the bill for a war
finance corporation to aid in the financ?
ing of war and contributory industries
veas i cached late to-day by Secretary
?McAdoo and the Senate Finance Com?
Under the compromise, which ?a ex?
pected to secure unanimous committee
support for the measure, the powers
for licensing of security issues of $100,
.. 000 ami over would be vested, instead
of in the directors of the proposed cer?
nerai ion, in a "capital issues commit?
tee," composed of three members of the
Federal Reserve Hoard and three repre?
sentatives of private financial inter?s? -,
This provision would, ?n effect, give the
present unofficial and voluntary Capi?
tal Issues Committee, now cooperating
with Un- Treasury Department. legal
authority to control .arge ?'mincing.
Another important change agreed to
i would limit the authority of tin- cor?
poration's directors to make advance
of government, funds direct to private
industries to "exceptional cases."
The proposed amendment will defi?
nitely prescribe that railroads, public
utilities and other specific classes of
industries only shall be allowed to re?
ceive loans direct from the corporation.
Addition, also, of a new clause spe?
cifically prohibiting Federal aid to in?
dustries without substantial standing
is proposed.
Mr. McAdoo arranged to submit to
the committee to-morrow drafts of the
compromise amendments, and Chairman
Simmons said later that he hoped to
complete and report the bil] to-morrow.
It, will be considered in the Senate when
the railroad bill is out of the way.
In his conference to-day with the
committee Secretary McAdoo is under?
stood to have acceded also to the
amendment recently adopted by the
committee to clothe Une President, in?
stead of himself, as Secretary of the
Treasury and head of the corporation,
with the powor of appointing the four
other directors of the corporation.
Opposition in the committee has been
centred on the licensing provision
of tb.e bill, which, as drafted, proposed
that the corporation's directors would
regulate, and, in effect, have power to
veto new issues of securities of $100,-,
000 and more.
Would Bar Germany
From Nations' League
Professor Clark Says Central
Powers Would Again
Break the Peace
"To talk of admitting the Centra!
Powers to a federation of nations to
preserve peace after the war is na?ve
simplicity." Dr. John Bates Clark, of
Columbia University, told the New York
Peace Society in a lecture yesterday
An Allied victory appeared to him
the. first requirement for a league of
nations, and that league would con?
tain the thirteen Allied nations, welded
together in a federation more formal
than the present alliance.
"A peace treaty between the two
leagues now at war will give no assur?
ance of permanent peace unless it is
made dangerous for one or other side
to break it," be said. "The keeping
of treaties has never been a prevalent
virtue of states; it has not quite in?
variably been an American virtue, and
if a treaty will not control a nation
which believes in keeping them it cer?
tainly will not control a nation which
openly sneers at treaties."
Exemption Denied to
Russian Shell Expert
Tl'.e Bolsheviki suffered a moral vic?
tory in the New York District Board!
Michael J. Naimy, a registrant in j
Local Board 149. claimed exemption
from military service on the ground i
that he was an ammunition inspector
for the Russian Artillery Commission
engaged in purchasing supplies for the '
Russian army and navy.
In stating that Naimy's occupation
was "not a necessary industry" Meier
Steinbrink, of the district board, who
reported on the case, said: "In view
of the present developments in Russia '
we cannot hold this to be a necessary
industry. ?\t present the Russian mili?
tary forces are about as active in be
half of the United States and her allies i
as the Sw?ks navy."
The majority of the board concurred
and N'aimy was certified among the first:
to light in the American National Army. !
Vienna Pays $12 for Pound
Of Cocoa; Coffee Only $8
BERNE, Jan. 31. -The Vienna news-'
papers announce that cocoa is now
being sold in Vienna at $12 a pound.
Russian tea is quoted at ?7.50 a pound,
and coffee costs $8 a pound. The war
has brought in a host of cotVe substi?
tutes, composed mainly of chicory, malt,
barley ami acorn?.
Compromise on'
Overman Bill
Now in Sight
New Draft To Be Written,
With President's Power
; Passage in Amended
Form Is Predicted
?Only Champions of War;
Cabinet Plan Expected
to Fight Measure
WASHINGTON', Feb. 'JO. Early com
I promise in the Senate on legislation
! for further coordination and reorgani
' zation of the government's war making
'j agencies appeared in sight to-night as |
j a result of negotiations between Dem
ocratic and Republican leaders for re?
vision of the Overman bill which would
I give President Wilson greater freedom
j of action.
Amendments, virtually agreed upon,
I promise largely to harmonize differ
' enees, allay Republican opposition and
secure support, in the Senate from all
: sides, except- the group unalterably in- ,
I sisting upon Cue Military Committee's
j bills for a war cabinet, and munitions
' director. President Wilson was said
I to have no objection to the changes
proposed, and to-morrow, it is expect?
ed, the Senate Judiciary sub-commit
tee, headed by Senator Overman, will
redraft the bill.
As it is proposed to amend the meas
: ure, the President would not be given
I any new substantive authority, and pro- .
| visions in the Overman bill which Re
? publicans have regarded as conferring
new and too broad powers upon the
? President are to be elminated. The
i amendments, however, would retain the
principal provisions, authorizing the
, President to transfer departments, bu?
reaus, commissions and other agencies
i and their personnel as he might deem
necessary to effect greater coordination
and efficiency in prosecuting the war.
It is proposed to strike, out a clause
giving the President power "to employ
by executive order any additional
agency or agencies and to vest therein
the performance of such functions as
, he may deem appropriate," thereby lim?
iting the Executive's authority to
changes in existing agencies and with?
out power to create any new one-.
Another compromise amendment pro?
posed would allow the President to
transfer appropriations made by Cor.-'
?????.-a from one Federal agency to an?
other, but only for use in connection
with the purpose specifically author?
ized by Congress in making the appro?
pri?t ion.
Senator Overman ,:i?l to-night t! at
. as the bill is becoming better under?
stood opposition is waning, and confi?
dently predicted that, with the changes
proposed, tie bill would be reported
out probably next week and secure a
substantial majority in the Senate.
When i In? measure was first sent to
the Capitol by the President, virtually
as a substitut" for the war cabinet and
munitions minister bills, there were
general predictions thai if would ?lie
it? committee.
Gen. Bliss Gets Credit
For American Plan
Chief of Staff Drafted Cen?
tralized Contro! Scheme,
Says Baker
WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. -Credit for
drafting the American document, which
played such a part in converting the
Versailles conference to the plan for
centralized control of the war, is given
by Secretary Baker to General Bliss,
chief of staff and American representa?
tive on the ?Supreme War Council.
Mr, Palter said to-day that tie per?
sonally had nothing to do with prepara?
tion of the papers, and that they doubt?
less comprised memoranda prepared by
or at the direction of General Bli'ss.
No part, of the document can be pub?
lished, the Secretary explained, for the
reason given by .Mr. Lloyd George in
his speech yesterday enthusasticallj
praising the American plan. Mr. Lloyd
George said the only reason he aid not]
read it to the House was that it was
"mixed up with t)tf plan of operations."
War Mechanism Stolen
Parts of Secret Submarine
Chaser Taken From Car
INDIANAPOLIS, Feb. 20. Important'
parts of a new submarine chas?>r, rep?
resenting mechanisms which are strict
government secrets, were stolen from :-,'
box car in this city, it was learned to?
Enemies of the United States are he
lieved to have had a hand in the theft.
Parts are said to have been taken which?
represented the design of a new Ameri?
can weapon that the United States is
to use in driving German U-boats from
the sea.
Government investigators, detectives
and inspectors for the manufacturer of
the submarine chaser joined in the
search for the thieves to-day.
The complete chaser, though unas?
sembled, was in transit through Indian?
apolis to New York, when the car was
broken into and parts of the mechanism
were stolen.
Tuscania Dead, 204;
Two Added to List
LONDON, Feb. 20. Two hundred and
four Americans lost their lives on the ?
Tuscania, according to the latest fig?
ures received at American Army Head- j
quarters. Of this total, there have -
been identified and buried three officers
and 137 men; unidentified buried, one '
officer and thirty-one men; missing
(presumably went down with the ship), -
thirty-two men.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.- Two names!
were added to the roil of known Tus?
cania dead by a dispatch to-night to
the War Department.
They are Sidney W. Bernitt, Marsh
field, Ore., and Eugene W. Snvder, Rim-'
rock, Wash. Both had been listed here?
tofore among the unreportcd of the
American soldiers on board the liner'
when she was torpedoed.
New Yorker's Son
Wins Military Cross
Capt. Percy C. Band, of Ca?
nadian Army, Leads Charge
When Wounded
TORONTO, Feb. 20. Percy Car
ruthers Band, a son ?f Charles W.
Band, of New York City, has been
.?arded the Military ?toe; for gal?
lantry in the field as a captain in the
Canadian overseas forces. it was
learned here to-day.
Although wounded in the ear, Cap?
tain Band refused to leave the front
line, but instead led his men "over the
top" and took three lines of German
Charles W. Band is manager for
James W. Carruthers, Ltd., a gram
firm of Canada and New York, with
offices at the Produce Exchange in New
Percy Carruthers Band, who made
his home in Toronto, although he vis?
ited his father and brother, Charles S.
Band, in New York frequently, en?
listed in the Canadian Expeditionary
Force in August, 1914, and went over?
eas a year later with the 48th High?
landers of Toronto, reaching the
French front in January, 1916, where
he has remained ever since. lie was
a first lieutenant when he left Canada.
According to his brother, he prob?
ably received his decoration for gal?
lantry .displayed in a sortie on Novem?
ber '.I, mi 7. when he was wounded in
the ear. lie had received a gunshot
wound before, in August last, and when
he lirst took to the first line trenches
the previous year he suffered from
shell shock
At the outbreak of the war, Captain
Band was in the brokerage business in
Toronto. He is a graduate of Upper
Canada College. Toronto, and is twen?
ty-three years old.
His father lives at the Hotel Van
d erb i lt.
Gompers's Cable
Angers British
Labor Delegates
LONDON, Feh. 20. The delegates to
the Inter-Allied Conference of Socialist
and Labor parties gathered to-day at
Central Hall, within a stone's throw of
the houses of Parliament, for a eoii
v?-ntion in which they expect to formu?
late a unifiedjstatement of the war aims
approved by the Socialists of all the
Allied countries. To-day's proceedings
were largely formal, owing to the fact
that a number of the foreign delegates
have not arrived, and no important
business ?",l! be transacted until the
next session, which is fix d for Friday.
I is announced that the meetings ? : I
all be held behind closed doers, the
newspaper:-; receiving an official state
ment of the day's proceedings aftei
i ach session.
The points upon v '?? ?. e'iscu
will chiefly turn are the exact phra ??
ology to be employed y^: rding Alsace
Lorraine, the seo?)e of the measures
necessary lo give Italy comprehensive
race unity and security for the future,
and the provisions regarding tropical
Africa and the German colonies.
The convention is expected to com?
plete it.- wer'-; on Saturday.
During to-day's session Arthur Hen
derson, former Minister without port?
folio in the War Cabinet, read a cable
dispatch received from San, iel Gom
pers, president of the American Fed?
eration of Lahor, announcing the re?
fusal of the American Federation to
participate in this or other confer?
ences at the present time, owing -. t le
belief that German influences were
their inspiration. The delegat?
tened i.juieC;, to the reading of the
dispatch ami ma.!-.' no demonstration at
its conclusion. The message was then
referred to a committee which is to
decide the fora: of the reply, if any.
which is to be sent :?> Mr. Gompers.
Neither Air. Henderson nor any of
the other labor leader.- would com?
ment on the message, but from the
remarks of delegates it was evidenl
:??.: they resented the imputation that
Cern?an influences inspired the pres
i ii' conference. '
"I e.ue- ? we ought io ki ow more
.iout that ti an those 1,000 mile
away," said one delegate.
It was announced that no American
labor 'ueii would be present at the
me? ting to-day or were expected to at?
tend the sessions during the con
An official statement made at tiie
dose of tiie day's session apologized for
tin- absence of many foreign delega?
tions by saying:
"Some of them have not been given
passports and the travelling facilities
to enable them to be pres< r,;."
F.ve commissions were appointed to
deal with the various aims of , ?1(. t.?,..
Bonar Law Hopeful
On Irish Situation
LONDON, Feb. ?0. Seplying to ;
question in the House of Commons to
day, Andrew Bonar Law, the govern
ment spokesman, said it was much to
soon to assume that th" Irish conven
tion would have no result.
Germans Now Want
To Stop Using Gas;
Allies Are Willing
But General Maurice Doubts
if Teutons Would Keep
British Fumes Excel
Enemy Ask Change in War?
fare Only After Being Hope?
lessly Outclassed
. LONDON", Feb. 20. -Major General'
Frederick B. Maurice, chief director of
military operations at the British War
Office, said to-day there had been no*
developments on the West front dur-'n^
the pn--* fortnight to indicate that the
G< rman off. nsive was near. One of the
most satisfactory features of the work
of the two weeks in the West had beer.
; the continued British successes in the
lair, which had great importance as the
preliminar: I any battle. General
Vlaurice a led thi th B I -h air
predominance hamper?*? the enemy
tremendously in gaini ? : formation
which was required by him before the
commencement of any important battle.
With regard to Palestine, Genera!
niauric " sai?! the developments of the
past week offered a promising field for
further development.
"General Allenby," ; ??? added, "ha?
advanced in I e direction of Jericho
and now stand on the last mam rid?e
overlooking the valley of the River
Since January I. General Maurice
sfiid. the Germans have carried out five
air raids -on England, of which two
fere abortive. During the same tw-J
riod the British carried out thirteen'
raids into Germany, all of which hao
definite result
Discussing the efforts of the Ger
mans to have I G a Convention
arrange for a discontinuance of the
use of poisonous a: . General Maurice
asserted that the Entente would be
glad to give up this gas if it were pos?
sible to pet a:,;, guarantee that Ger?
many would be bound by n:;;.- promise
or agreement to do likewise.
Germans- Firs! to l se Gas
General Maurice, speaking of the use
of poi sono . ? a:i\:
" i e Germans . ? :ci ntly been ex
?rcising great pressure on the Geneva
Re i Gross to put out a protest against
, , of poison iras. The Allies are
ready at any time to give un the use
of poison u'as. But I ask you to reniem-,
ber the circumstances under which
poison gas was introduced into warfare.
"It was in April, 1915, that the Ger
mans made a surprise attack on the i
Franco-British a1 Spres with gas, which J
hitherto was a prohibited weapon ir. *
war. Naturally, we had r.o defence
ready against it. The French had to
retire, and ;. Canadian division ?nly'j
?a%'< d ."pr?s bj desperately costly fgiwl
ing. I
'Afterward the Germans repeate<;|
their ?ras attack at various times, but!
our defensive measures were rapidly?
developed, and these attacks were less
eff el ?ve.
Excelled Teuton (?assin?.
Meanwl ile we began to develop lie
use of -_as ??-i our side as a counter
mea su re. Our cl emisi gol I o '.vork
and did so well that to-day we have
attained distinct* superiority over the
Germans both in the deadliness of our
gas the offensive and in its effec
tualness in our defensive measures;B
was not until we won this superiority
that they started a propaganda for the
discoi ' inuance of gas.
"You know the Allies' position with
respect to German agreements ui
promises, if we agree to abstain fron;
the use of gas have we any guarantee,
can we have any guarantee, upon which
the commanders who are rcspongiblf
for the lives of their men could re!?'
that Germany will not again try tot
spring a surprise on us s' she did in '
Stockholm Cites Serious
Pogroms in Russ Ci?
STOCKHOLM, Feb. 20. Serious??*
breaks against the Jews m variou?
parts "r Russia ar?^ described in n- l
ports received by the Jewish Pi**
Bureau here. Bloody pogroms areM'0
to have occurred at Lublin, Raahkoff,
Tsherlchi. Tirasp and Kornin.
$31,920,000 Spent Daily
By Britain in Last Monti?
LONDON, Feb. 20.?Andrew Bob?
Law. Chancellor of the Kxcheqc??
speaking in the House of ?"onimonste
day. said the average daily expendiW
' during the four weeks ended Fcbrtttff
16 was $.'(1,920,000.
S64 cc6 :&8 ifjflh JWr?ur
Last and Final Clearance
Sales of Winter Fashions?
Formerly to $350? $45?$ 1 25?* 165
Formerly to $225?$45 & $65
Formerly $95 to $195- $55?$75?*95
COATS WITHOUT FUR -Formerly to $95_$35 & $45
Closing Prices on Fine Furs
Fur Coats at $150?*1 95?$250 & $373
of Natural Muskrat?Hudson Seal and Caracul.

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