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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED ol. LXXVII No. 26,039 t Copyright 1918? Th?. Tribune AsVnl First to Last? the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertise xiMn WEATHER Fair to-day and to-morrow ; modcrat? northwest to north winds. merits 1'ull Report on l'as?. 13 SATURDAY, MARCH 2, 19.1.8 * * Tu-nrrvrs-1" Creo Irr New York nml TWO CBKTSi wltliln ...immiit nr tl 1st;, nee THKEB CENTS Russia Refuses to Surrender; Will Defend Petrograd L?nine Reports That Peace Parley Has Probably Been Broken Off Bolsheviki Await Petrograd Attack Teutons Cross Dnieper ; Francis Arrives at Vologda, Far From the Capi4al Peace negotiations between Russia and Germany have, in al! proba? bility, been broken off. Nicolai L?nine, tho Bolshevik Premier, iias issued an official statement saying that the Russian delegates to Brest-Litovsk have ordered a train to take them back to Petro? grad, and interpreting this as an indication that the Germans mean to continue the war and advance to Petrograd. Earlier dispatches stated that a German ultimatum had given the Russian delegates three days in which to sign the German-drawn peace treaty. German detachments are continuing their forward movement into Rus sia, and have reached the Dnieper River north of Kiev. Berlin also reports that Austrian contingents have started an advance into the Ukraine north of the Pruth River. The situation in Petrograd is ob? scure, though preparations for de? fence are apparently under way. The British, French, American and Japanese ambassadors have !eft the capita!, the American and .i ap??ese envoys having reached Vologna, hundreds of miles to the eastward. Count Czernin, the Austrian Foreijrn Minister, has demanded that King Ferdinand of Rumania, as the first condition of peace, abdicate i i favor of I-is brother or some .?;her personage acceptable to the tral Powers. American consent to an expedition of Japanese and Chinese to police Eastern Siberia and prevent Ger? man seizure of supplies there is expected to be priven soon. France and Great Britain are in favor of this move. The subject was con? sidered by the President and his advisers yesterday. L?nine Reports Parley Ended; Calls Nation to Fight LONDON, March 2.?A messaga re? ceived by the Bolshevik government in Petrograd from Brest-Litovsk, dated Friday-, ordering a train under military guard to meet the Russian delegates at Toroshacts, w&3 considered by the gov? ernment R3 probably signifying that the peace negotiation's have been broken off, according to a wireless cotn nuinica'ion received here from Petro? grad last night. The communication, signed by I.? f.ine, follow?: "To all the councils: The following message was received from Brest Litovsk: "'To th* Council of Commissaries, Petrograd: Send us a train to Toro sbaets, near Psvk, escorted by suffi? ciently^ large forces. Communicate with Krylenko concerning the body? guard. Signed) KARAHAN.' . "Thi* message most probably signi? fies that the peace negotiations have ?tt n broken off by th'- Germans. We most be ready for an immediate Ger- ! advance on Petrograd and on all ' ?"' ? it is necessary that all the P?;o;;!<; rise and strengthen the meas for defence." LENINE, ?he Russian peace delegates at west Litovsk were informed that hon-' Unties would cease only when the I gttee treaty ??, signed, says a Rum- i *>*r. official statement received here yt-vxy. ihr-,- days were allowed for toe negotiations, beginning to-day, Dispatches res?ived by the Exchange ?**e.grapb Company, filed in Petrograd *} ' P? rn. Thursday, indicates ?ha-. we Ci-m-iaf; advance into Russia has Men resumed. Advance Thlrty-fiv? Mil? A forward movement by the invaders -, some thirty-five miles beyond ????. midway between Dvir.uk and ,.'?'-''"> '??'? reported in these advices, i. . ?*rmans poshing on despite the ur j '"" ':"lwi?y fc?d b"-n blown .7,1"'1 '-'?'-' stores of provisions in '<*ir wtiy iu- troyed. .German troop? ar? ?ho reported to : J? moving slowly toward Luga from (?*%*> nt which place th?ty arc said 5P?*v* concentrated ? division of in ? *ZiiV ?uPPorted by cavalry and heavy ' ','.', ?ICh} artillery v j ''"'"?'?i''y- likewise are declared p/P* v>*rmun official statement from announces that the Teuton Continued on Next Page Japan, Alone, Ma}' Be Al?owed To Save Siberia Entente and America Said To Be Near Agreement Leaving Task to Tokio LONDON, .March 2.?According to "The Daily Mail," it is understood that the Allies have decided to ask the Jap? anese to take any steps necessary for the protection of the Allies in the Far Fast'. Stress 'is laid on the fact that the British and Japanese governments hold that Japan's intervention in the Rus? sian affairs is not to be construed as an act of hostility to Russia or the Russian government. Its purpose is to safeguard menaced Allied interests and to protect stores and munitions at Vladivostok and to assist Russia to lighten and eventually lift the burden of the German yoke. WASHINGTON, March 1. Indica? tions now point to an agreement be? tween the Entente powers and America to confide to Japan alone the task of taking such measures as may be neces? sary to combat German aggression and influence in Siberia and to protect the military stores at Vladivostok. No final conclusion has been reached, however, end it was said in high of? ficial quarters to-night that conditions were-changing so rapidly and so many ? ntw factor-- were ' entering into the I problem that it would be unsafe to pre? dict overnight what the issue might be. Fxchanges are proceeding rapidly between the Entente governments and ; Washington and the matter was con? sidered at to-day's Cabinet meeting. it is understood that the State De? partment is being slowly but seadily in? fluenced to acept the view which seems to obtain in Great Britain and France and possibly in Italy. Single Power Is Favored That is that a single power, with an efficient army and navy within easy reach of Siberia and not otherwise em? ployed, and acting in conformity with : a general agreement, might be bettei able to deal with the situation than any . international force, such as was at first contemplated. There is reason to believe that the British. French and Japanese govern? ments are in agreement upon the ob? jectives that would be pursued by Japanese military forces in Siberia, and that the three governments have decided that, in view of the threatened peace of the Far Fast arising from the complete collapse of Russia and the spread of anarchy in that country, measures ought to be taken to protect the Trans-Siberian Railway from Vladivostok to Harbin. Japanese and Chinese troops are ex? pected to act jointly in Northern Man churian territory, Japan being unwill? ing to permit Chinese troops to oper? ate independently there, owing to the Japarese contention that China has not possessed actual authority in-Northern : Manchuria, which to the present time : has been a Russian sphere, and that ; China's suzerainty over that region has ? been only nominal. Great Stores Along Railway Scores of millions%f dollars' worth of supplies of every descriptor:, Dut i principally war materials, are at Vladivostok and other points on the Transsiberian Railway to and includ? ing Harbin. These supplies were I shipped from both Japan and the Unit? ed .States. In addition to guns, muni? tions and other purely military sup? plies, they embrace shoes, clothing, foodstuffs, railway material", and other commodities. There is believed to be danger of these falling into the Ger i mans' hands or being appropriated by i lawless bands. Another condition demanding the 1 protection of the railway was declared ! to-day to be the dependency of Harbin : and other interior point* upon the rail 1 way. Vladivostok itself has a sparsely i populated hinterland, the country be? hind it being wild und sparsely inhab? ited by Tartars. Several millions of people in the Harbin region, however, are relying upon the continued opera? tion of the railroad, which, it is held, can only be afforded by Japan. The possibility of an initial move? ment by Japanese forces in Siberia being the forerunner of tho execution of a theoretical plan of campaign worked out by the Japanese Genera! Staff an': founded upon the feat of Genghis Khan, who many centuries ago led Asiatic hordes across the Russian steppes into Europe, was characterized by Japanese diplomatists to-day as "a trip to the rnoon." Japanese Breach With Russia Hinted LONDON, March 1. Tokio advices forwarded in a Reuter dispatch from ; Shanghai said that the Japanese Am j bai -.'.??dor, to Russia, who, It is now definitely established, has left Petro? grad, has postponed his departure j from the Ruaai?n apital. "It is be- \ Ileved," tho dispatch said, "that the Russian government has made a new j propo lai." A More Deadly Gas WrASHINGTON, March 1.?Government chemists aro said to have discov? ered a gas that is more deadly than any Cern?an variety. Prepara? tions are. making to manufacture if, in large quantities. The Ord? nance Department is pushing rapidly to completion an experimental plant for tilling shells with killing fumes. The same plant will load containers with chemicals to be converted into gas at; the front. It is proposed also to erect. (I rasmul-imr lalirirnlnr,, in IVnnrp Third Liberty Loan for War Anniversary April 6, Marking Our Entry Into Conflict, Selected by McAdoo I WASHINGTON, March 1-On Ann1 G, the first anniversary of the United States entry into the 'war, the third Liberty Loan will open. There will be a campaign of three or four weeks. In announcing the date to-night, Sec? retary McAdoo said the amount of the loan, the interest rate and other feat? ures, such as convertibility of bonds of previous issues, maturity and terms of payment, are yet to be determined and that new legislation will be necessary before plans can be completed. The fact that the amount of the loan is dependent on further legislation in? dicates that it will be for more than $3,600,000,000, the remainder of author? ized but unissued bolide, and the fact that certificates of indebtedness now being sold in anticipation of the loan bear IVi per cent affords some indica? tion of the interest rate. Pending Bills to Decide Amount How large the-loan shall bo depends largely, however, on the fate of the pending war finance bill, carrying an appropriation of $.ri00.inm,0ont and ac? tion on the railroad bill, with its ap? propriation of a similar amount. Although Mr. McAdoo made no spe? cific announcement, it, is now taken for granted that there will be but one more loan before .lune 30, the end of the '.i ?cal year. f After stating the date of the cam? paign opening, the Secretary continued: "The amount, terms and conditions of the ioan have not yet been decided, bul the features are dependent on further legislation. 1 expect to ask the Congress at an early date to giant. the necessary additional authority. Of course, the opening date of the cam? paign is somewhat dependent i*pon the new legislation, hut it. is hoped and be? lieved that the matter can be con? sidered and determined in ample time to begin the campaign on the date sug? gested! "April 0 will forever ho a conse? crated day in American history, and it seems peculiarly appropriate that the opening of the second year of our par? ticipation in this war for the honor and rights of America and freedom of the world should be celebrated with a na? tion-wide drive for another Liberty Loan. "The campaign should begin with great demonstrations, of patriotism in Continued on Last Page Up-state Men Begin Drive to Beat Whitman Leaders Pear Governor Will Pail of Reelection? Fight Not Personal By Carter Field WASHINGTON, March L- A move? ment against a third 'term for Whit : man has broken out strongly among some of the upstate Republican mem ! hers in the New York Congressional delegation. This is based, members of the delegation assured me, not on any opposition to Governor Whitman per 'sonally, but to the fear that he could not be reclected if nominated, aug? mented slightly by a disinclination to take any step which might seem to ' bind the Empire State Republican party to Whitman's chariot wheels for the li>20 Presidential nomination. Some of the members, of the delega? tion and their friends from the West? ern pari of the state have started a quiet boom for Representative Stephen I Wallace Dempsey, of Lockport, whose 'district includes Niagara, Palls and a part of Buffalo. Mr. Dempsey himself takes his boom prosaically, his com? ment, being that doubtless those who would rather some one else than Whii ? man make the race this year are flirt? ing with a number of candidates. Mr. Dempsey dictated the following statement: "I am not. in any way seeking the nomination for Governor. I am great? ly interested in my Congressional work and am a candidate l'or renomination and reelection to the House of Repre? sentatives. "I imagine I he suggestion that 1 be a candidate for Governor emanates from those who are fearful of the ef? fect of a third term candidacy as en? dangering the prospects of the Repub : lican party for victory in the coming gubernatorial election. They no doubt I arc making the same suggestions to other prominent Republicans through ! the state, in various localities " Friends of Mr. Dempsey point out : that he was born on a farm and has ?always been a farmer. His recent I Speech in the House favoring furloughs i lo the drafted men in the National Army in the event the shipping situation .does not justify their immediate trans? portation to France -to aid with the ' harvests is pointed to as an evidence of bis attitude. The significance of this lies in the belief of those who are opposed to 'a renomination for Governor Whitman that, tiie Governor has alienated the farmers upstate?the men who roll up the Republican majorities with which the party normally "comes down to The Bronx." They say be is now playing to the farmers and attempting to make concessions which will please them, but that it is too late. Hog Island to Turn Out 50 Ships in 1918 By July 1, 1919, Whole 120 Ordered Will Be Ready Corporation Enters A Spirited Defence Graft Denied, Salaries De? fended, Labor Praised to Senators [Staff Correspondence | WASHINGTON, March 1?The Hog Island worm turned to-day and took j the aggressive, took it with teeth. I After having been muffled by Admiral : Bowles, the American International Corporation to-day spoke in its own : defence to the country through the Senate Commerce Committee. Harris Do Haven Connick, a vice-presi? dent of the American International, was put forward as the spokesman ! after Senior Vice-President Baldwin ; iiad explained that the corporation had no attorneys in connection with 1 the investigation other than the At? torney General of the United States, in as much as by virtue of its contract with the Emergency Fleet Corporation tho American International Corpora? tion becomes a part of the government | itself. Mr. Connick is a good advo : cate as well as a good engineer. He em? phatically and spiritedly declared: That there bad been no waste at Hog island. That the high cost was the cost of speed. fhat labor was efficient and pa t riotic. That the high salaried executives i were more than earning their pay. That there had been no graft. Dwarfs Panama Canal That, giving due weight to the ele? ment of speed, the Hog Island enter? prise dwarfs the Sue;: Canal, the Panama Canal and any other single , construction enterprise ever under? taken. That the fabrication process is the only way in which ships can be built in sufficient numbers to meet the marine transportation problem - "and it will build them." That its certain success likely in? sures to America shipbuilding su? premacy for all time. That in the American Internation? al and its organization and affilia? tions, which ramify all through American engineering and industry and reach around the world, the United States possessed an exeop tional agency for the successful car? rying out of the ?dea of standard? ization fabrication of ships. Mr. Connick, who was the builder of the Panama International Kxpositio.n at, Continued on Last Page Americans Beat Germans In Hand-to-Hand Fight; ' Manu Lost on Moth Sides Two Attacks Made on Americans TARIS, March 1.?German troops especially trained for raiding operations attacked the American salient last, night and this morn? ing at two points, but the Americans maintained their entire line everywhere and, in addition, caused heavy casualties among tr.c enemy. The Americans also took prisoners on both positions attacked. The above is contained in the French official communication made public to-night. Hughes Warns Of Danger in ThinkingPeace What Nation Needs Is Will to Win, He Tells St. David's Society Charles E. Hughes sai?! last night that a negotiated peace at this time would lie a German peace. In an ad? dress before St. David's Society at tho Aldine Club he warned the Ameri? can people against the "palsying feel I ing that perhaps effort may not be needed" to attain our ends in this war. Past events and those that are taking place in Russia, Mr. Hughes said, made it clear that there could be no genuine peace until the Allies won a military ' decision or Germany became convinced "of the hopelessness of success in this ill-starred policy of seeking to domi? nad.' tho world." Speaking at the annual celebration of tho society in honor of St. David, the patron saint of Wales, Mr. Hughes. , who is president of the society, ; sketched the loyalty of the Welsh in this country. "That same spirit," he said, "that named out in Thomas Jef? ferson, who was of Welsh descent, now flames out on the other side of the j water in that sagacious and courage ; oils leader, Lloyd George. Will to Win Needed "To win tho war, we need some thing more than mere preparation with respect to i he creation of an army and the provision of supplies and the very essential building and equipment of ships. We need something more than the physical preparation, essential as that is. "We want behind that physical pre? paration the evidence and the will 10 '.vin. Our danger is psychological, more than anything else. Let there not steal over this people the palsying (?eeling that, perhaps effort may not be i needed. Let us not work for time i'-. the hope that work may not be nee t ssary. "What we need is the demonstration . to that extraordinarily keen, but at I the sume time extraordinarily dense, mind of Germany that the United Stales is ?n the war side by side with Great Britain and France, and that German domination, which will mean a peace leaving us with armed camps and i'o hone for the security of freedom in the future, will not be tolerated as long as America has the power and the means to win. "My one thought is that we in this country, with a sense of unity hap? pily 'never surpassed in our history, are all of us standing without regard to party behind the President of the United States in his efforts for tho vigorous prosecution of tho war, that at this time we shall recognize the seriousness of the situation, and to the extent of our ability make sure that there is but, one sentiment in this country, that every one who talks for a negotiated peace at this time is play? ing the game of Germany, and that while we do not want war for a single unnecessary ?lay, we count no day un? necessary which will continue this struggle until the world is freed of this frightful incubus which Germany has put upon us, until we are freed to pursue our destiny as a free people, but desirous that all should live in happiness and concord in a world dom? inated by law and the sense of justice. "This is a serious moment. It is a time when Germany is reaching out seek- I ing to lay the foundations of an extend? ed empire, threatening the future peace ; of the world, anil the security, not only ! of the free peoples of Europe, byt the . security of the United States. It is a . time not for the discussion of peace.1 There could be at this time, it is ciuite evident, no negotiated peace, but a Ger? man peace. "It is made plain to all of us by the events of the past days, the recent days, that this is not the time even to think of peace. We are confronted by a tre? mendous task. I question whether we in this country begin to realize the ex-i tent, of the effort that will be required at our hands. If anything would demonstrate to us the character of this i exigency, it is what is now happening in Russia.'' "There is only one thing in my judg? ment which will give us a peace worth having, and that is either a military decision or a conviction on the part of Germany of the hopelessness of success ! in this- ill starred policy of seeking to dominate the world. There is but one : way to produce that conviction in Ger- . many, that success in this policy is un- I attainable. That conviction will be pro- ' duced only by a demonstration of an j invincible determination on the part of the United States to bring all her re? sources willingly and without hesita? tion to the final test without any thought of peace until that test is met ' and success assured." When ho ended his spce:?i the guests rose and gave three vigorous cheers for Mr. Hughe?. Colonel Sir Walter Ropjr Lawrence, of the British forces, who spoke after Mr. Hughes, said that Great Britain had munitions plants that made the , "Krupps h back-, number." IWHI.O CASALS, only N. V Recital, Aeolian Hall, Thl? Afternoon at 3. - Ad? t. General March Home, Assails Censorship Chief of Staff, Back From France, Deplores "Muzzling" AN ATLANTIC PORT. March 1. ? The "muzzling censorship" which keeps this country in ignorance of the splen? did account the American expedition? ary force in France is giving of itself as attacked to-day by Major General Peyton C. March, new Chief of Staff of the United States Army, on his arrival here after nine months abroad. Mindful of the limitations imposed by the censorship on his own words, General .March declared that the health and morale of Cue American lighting j men were almost, uniformly excellent; that they were well paid, well fed, ?ell clothed and determined to strike hard when the time came to "go over" against the Roche. General March declared that the cen? sorship was "lamentable," and inti ? mated that lie would advocate, on his arrival in Washington, that the regu? lations in this respect be- made ?ess : stringent. He said that such a change would be a vital factor in keeping up the high morale of the American troops in the front line trenches. Should Let People Know "I think the people of this country . should be taken into the government's confidence in some things." said Gen? eral March. "They should know what troops are over in France and they should know everything of a military nature that would not be specifically Helpful to the enemy. '"The people of America are big enough and broad enough to realize the proportions of this war, and they should lie told everything possible re? garding the manner in which i; is be ? ing prosecuted. 1 don't know just how ! to talk to you men this to the re , porters' owing to the muzzling cen ' sorship. As Chief of Staff, Tin going to ad\ocato a general letting up i;: , this sever.' suppression of the new . "I know of no gentle method of con ; ducting a war of this magnitude. N'o army can expect to come through with I out. a great many men being 11111*. j While we must show Cue greatest con? sideration for the relatives of the men in France, the public must know the facts, even though they be painful." Major General March, who was chief of artillery abroad, was accompanied ' to this country by Major General S. J). Sturgis and Major General F. II. French. The three high staff officers have been with General Pershing, studying conditions on the French front, and will report to Washington ' on their observations. U. S. Troops Are Ready i Giving a brief, general survey of ; what he found "over there," General i March declared, with enthusiasm, that ; the American troops were so well trained, and up-to-the-minute in the 1 kinks of the war game, that they would be able to handle themselves "with en ? tire credit to the United States." "I inspected the troops on the line 1 just before I left France," he said, "and they are extraordinarily cheerful and contented, notwithstanding the mud and the German shells. They are remarkable for their health and morale, far superior to what it was at the Mexican border. "The fact that they are in a strange country, where everything is new and of interest, is a great advantage in keeping up their spirits. Our boys, the majority of whom have never been outside the United ?States, some never outside their home state, are taking to the game as a lark. "America will give a good account of herself, now that she is under way. Our boys are well versed in what has taken place in the warfare in France during the last three years, and aren't : going to overlook any bets when they participate." General Ma'ch brought back word from General Pershing tiiat Major General Leonard Wood, injured by a shell fragment, was recovering rapidly. General March refused to go into do- ] tail as to the artillery of the Amer- ; ?can expeditionary force, of which he was in command, but. said that Pcrsh ing's big guns were being marshalled in force, and that more would bo added. General March left for Washington shortly after the vessel on which he arrived reached port. After making his report lie will go to his home at . Fort Myer, Va., where the members of his family are in mourning for Lieu? tenant Peyton C. March, jr.. his oldest son. killed recently by a fall from an airplane in a Texas flying camp. Washington Silent On Pope's Peace Stand I SI off Correspondence] WASHINGTON-, March 1, Neither the State Department nor the Italian Embassy to-day would com m em on the 1 statement attributed to the "Osserva tore Romano," the Vatican oigan, in-: dorsing Chancellor von Ilertling's speech as satisfactory to the Holy See. Unofficially, it was pointed cut to? day, that this government has no an? swer to make to the Pope's peace off? 1 1 other than the statements contained in : President Vu ??son's repiy soon after I the first overtures from the Vatican were received. U. S. Forces Weather : Gas Attack, Then Bay? onet Storming Teu? ton Troops Captain Meets Foe On No Man's Land West Pointer Killed Heading Off Fleeing Enemy; 3 Prison? ers Captured Uly Hi? AsaocUted Prem] WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, March L?-American troops repulsed a strong German at? tack this morning in the salient - north of Toul. There v. ere many American casualties, one of ih? killed being a captain who was grad? uated from West Point in 1 i> 17, The raid was a complete failure, three German prisoners remaining in American hands. The ground in. : front of tho American trenches was strewn with German dead. < A driving wet. snow was falling this morning, when the Germans opened fire on the American salientJ with every weapon at their com ?mand. Seventy-sevens, heavy shells : r.n?! gas shells fell in a perfect whirl? wind on our trenches for half an hour. At tho same lime other enemy shells in great numbers were drop? ping on the American battery po : itions. Men Don Gas Masks; Wait for the Attack The Germans, evidently thinking that the Americans in this section, having had one laste of gas a few ? i >.; ago, would fear it now. let loose greal quantities of poisonous gas, but the men put on their masks and only a few were affected by it. So intense was the fire that the woods back of the salient were shot Lo pieces. At 6 o'clock i;;e barrage fire lifted on the trenches to the right of the salient and Germans numbering 240 came sweeping forward under the protection of th? :ir fire. They came apparently intending to make ??<. big haul and jumped into what was lefl of the trenches, but there, instead of the easy time anticipated, found the Americans all ready for battle. Fierce hand-to-hand fighting began. One American captain rallied his men with rifles and machine puns; ?and went, through the American ? ! wire entanglements into No Man's Land and there waited for th?? enemy, whom he expected to be driven out by his comrades in tho trenches. He was right, for soon groups of the enemy started back through the wire entanglements. The American.; poured in a deadly fire, but unfortu? nately the captain was killed during the fight. He is the first member of the 11117 class at West Po nt to bo killed. Barrage Catches Fleeing Prussians While the Americans were in iront of the wire entanglements and in shell holes, still fighting desper? ately, the American barrage fire began sweeping No Man's Land, catching many running Prussians who had enough of American meth? od.-. The barrage swept back and forth, making sure of doing all pos? sible damage to the foe. When the enemy had been driven out of the positions the bodies of ten German soldiers were found in the American trenches. Two German officers were entangled in the wire and many bodies were in sight. Eight were visible through the snow? storm at one noint. The. ground was lii loved with enemy hand gren? ades, boxes of explosives for de? stroying dugouts and incendiary bombs which they had no opportu? nity to use. They managed, however, to drop incendiary bombs in two dugouts which were destroyed by fire, but no Americans were in them. If the Germans captured any prisoner?, which is doubtful, there were not more than two or three, possibly from a listening post. Of the missing many were probably buried. Dig ging for them is now proceeding and others may be accounted for. Two German prisoners were wounded and the other taken was unhurt, except for a welt on one uf