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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED First to Last?the Truth: Voi. LXXVII No. 26,055 Editorials - Advertisements ffirihtme [ Copyright 1918? The Tribun?? Ass'n] MONDAY, MARCH 18, 1918 * * * TWO CENTS} *" Greater New York ?nd ( within commuting- distance THREE CENT? Klacwhcre Teutons Pass Odessa, Take Grain Centre Nikolayev, Black Sea Naval Base, Occupied by Invaders Germans Asked to Form Ukraine Army Evacuation of Petrograd Is Completed; Flight of Populace Stopped LONDON. March 17.?The Germans j have occupied Nikolayev in addition to Odessa, according to a Reuter dispatch ; from Petrograd. Nikolayev is seventy ; miles northeast of Odessa and only forty miles northwest of Kherson. Both Odessa and Nikolayev were taken without fighting. The fleet at, Odessa had fled to Sebastopol. The Germans immediately suppressed the Soviets in both cities and seized the naval yards at Nikolayev. * The German advance continues in the direction of Kherson. The first train direct from Berlin ar? rived in Odessa yesterday. German officers have been "invited" to organize an army in the Ukraine, ac? cording to a dispatch from the official Russian News Agency, which says this information is irom an official Austrian source. The Reuter correspondent at Petro? grad says that strong detachments of l the red army on Friday night arrested a regiment of the Priobrajinsky guards on suspicion of counter revolutionary designs. M. .Toffee, who was chairman of the Russian peace delegation at Brest Litovsk, has been appointed Russian Ambassador at Berlin. Petrograd Evacuated The evacuation of Petrograd has been : completed, according to dispatches from that city, quoting an official communi? cation. None of the population will bj permitted to leave the city hereafter, and to make certain that the order is obeyed all passenger train service has been suspended. The Council o2 Commissaries of "the Commune of Petrograd," which will be the official designation of Petrograd and the district surrounding it in fuure, has authorized the reappear of ail so-called bourgeoise newspapers which had been suppressed since the beginning of the German offensive. Great Grain Centre Nicolavev is located at the confluence of the Ingul and Bug rivers, about forty Biles from the Black Sea. A great navy yard, formerly head? quarters of a military governor who commanded the Russian Black Sea Fleet, is situated there, also a naval school and a naval observatory. It is ere of the most strongly fortified citic? of the nation. Lik? Odessa, Nikolayev is a grain eentre, being one of the distributing points for the production of that part o: the country. It has a population of -bout 02,000. yev is reported to be Russia's vheat stc-ring centre. An Amer grain expert, who returned re? cently from that area, said that the ?tore houses at Nikolayev contained five million bushels of wheat. Ballin, German Shipping Leader, Goes to Petrograd PETROGRAD, Saturday, March 16. Albert Ballin, director general of the Hamburg-American Line, and Hen Langhof, a Prussian financier, are ex? pected to arrive in Petrograd on a ?usine mission. It is reported that under German pressure the bank? will '-<>??? I e.denationalized. Herr Ballin is one of the principal ?n the German business world and for years was an intimate of Km liiam, although recently it has ported that he i:s out of favor '?'?? the Emperor on account of his JJ " ' m of the government's policy. / '? man of his calibre should go to - rad . . ignificant not only of the '?'?'''?' to ?? ch Russia has been opened to Germany, but of the importance of 1'?'?' any'? plana for industrial exploi? t?t ? n of Russia. Soviets Make Moscow Capital, Then Adjourn MOSCOW, March 17. The A?1 RuHg-an Congress of Soviets adjourned '??'???? evening after having approved of *M removal of the capital to Moscow and voting to elect a new Centra! Ex eeutire Committee to consist of 200 member?. M. :-:?/< rdloff, of the Centra] Executive ?ommittee, in the closing speech at the eonness ?aid ?t wan unfortunate that '"en a peace had to be ratified, but ?"?'.? hoped the Russian proletariat would ?eon come ?Tl<0 ltB own amj regain its w?t position. H? pointed out to the departing mem ''"f'. 'if the congress the urgent neces f.\ J"T w**nv?_*tlon tor the defence ?I the Fatherland and resistance to the '?nt-.Tci'/'t attack, "which may come sud? denly sooner than many expect," \% th? session yesterday of the con-. **?*? M. Sverdioff. of the Contrai Ex. eeotiv? Committee, read the message **n* u> the Russian people early this "lontfc on behalf of American labor '/ Samuel Compare, in which the a?. ??stance of the working people of Amer '?? ?as promised to the Russians. The messsg?, which wan rr.ua before the vote ?o ratification of the peace treaty was taken, ev ?feed considerable ap? friau??. So rouly was sent, as M. Bverdleff ??aid the message to the Amer un V*,0*1'1* in response to President WUson'? com mum cation wan sufficient. Colon*! \Wtifj vv. Anderson, ehaii man of the American Red Cross Com ?????ton to Rumania, and thirty mom "??'? of his staff an i ved in Moscow **?t*rday. New Food Restrictions Ahead (Staff CoTrespondence.) WASHINGTON, March 17.?Increasingly more stringent wheat con? servation regulations are anticipated as a necessary consequence of the accumulating shortage of wheat and flour caused by practical exhaustion cf America's surplus and exportations from stocks normally held for do? mestic consumption. Voluntary conservation, it is now considered, may not prove adequate to develop a sufficient surplus for export. State food administrators received the impression during the recent conferences with the food administration that additional wheat flour re? strictive regulations must be invoked within the next few weeks. "What these restrictive measures will be officials decline to make public at this time. It is intimated further that the restrictive measures will apply to other icod staples, stocks of which may be depleted seriously on account of un? availability of import tonnage. Germans Try To Organize Siberian Army Tokio Reports Attempt to Form Two Corps of War Prisoners TOKIO, March 16 (via Shanghai).? ! It is reported that the Germans are trying to organize two army corps of German war prisoners of Russia. One corps, it is said, is being secretly or- ; ganized at Irkutsk, Siberia. Two cav? alry corps also are being formed. Premier Terauchi and Foreign Min? ister Motono cold parliament to-day nothing had been decided upon with reference to the Siberian situation. The military situation has reached a state of perfected preparedness. Last night the Seiyukai (Constitu-' tional) party, the largest in the Diet,! held a conference and reaffirmed its position, taken at a recent meeting, in opposition to immediate mobilization. The press is almost unanimous in urging mobilization. The "Asahi Shim- : hun" and the "Yorodzu Shoho" say they are unable to understand Amer ica's "excessive generosity" toward Russia, now giving supplies to Ger- i many and imperilling the stores at Vladivostok. Suspicions in regard to I Japan wean the Allies, they assert, adding that it is Japan's duty to work in the interests of the peace of human? ity by assisting to crush Germany. The "Kokumin Shimnun" issues a call to arms, saying that America is sin? cerely friendly, but mistaken. The "Asahi Shimbun," of Osaka, ', voices the opinion, widely held amon1; the middle classes, that extensive mob- : ilization would create acute distress in? dustrially and in regard to food sup-j plies. Cossacks Disarm Bolshevik Troops, Peking Reports PEKING, March 17. An authorita? tive dispatch from Blagovieshtchensk, | in Siberia, ?500 miles north of Harbin, filed March 8, says all Bolshevik lead- j ers, including the president of the : local Soviet, have been arrested and imprisoned hy Cossacks and volunteer militia. The Bolshevik troops, con- : slating of reserve regiments of Red Guards and sailors, were disarmed : and order was established. A Reuter dispatch from London re? ceived Saturday quoted reports to the '< effect that Maximalists had murdered ; 150 Japanese at Blagovieshtchensk. H. J. Smith, Author of "Tailor-Made Man," Is Killed in Crash _ Playwright, Seeking Wound Dressing Moss in Canada, in Auto Hit by Train Word .vas received here yesterday that Harry James Smith, author of "A Tailor-Mad" Man" and the sole author? ity in the United States on sphagnum rnor-s, a substance of great value in dressing Wounds, was killed Saturday near Murrayvillc, British Columbia, when a locomotive struck the auto? mobile in which he was riding. Mr. Smith had been in the service of the Red Cross since the outbreak of war. A. McPhee, a garage owner, of Murrayville, was driving him over a railroad crossing, when a Great North? ern freight train swept out of a cut and. struck the machine. McPhee was probably fatally injured. The quest for sphagnum moss was responsible for Mr. Smith's trip to ('a?? ada. The healing qualities of this ma , terial have made it of tremendous im? portance since the war began. Soon after the United States entered the conflict Mr. Smith volunteered to go to Canada at his own expense to investi ' gate the moss resources. He received the '-'.operation of Professor Porter, of McGill University, head of the Sphag? num Commission of Canada, and ob? tained a carload of the moss for the Red Cross, About two WOekfl ago he returned to th<- Northwest for further investiga? tion, arid after a ten-day conference with Professor J. W. Uodgeson, of the University of Washington, at Seattle, went on Into Canada. The next word ' concerning him wa.< the news o? his death. Mr. Smith was thirty-seven years old. He wax born in New Britain, Conn., and : wan graduated from Williams College in i \MY?. Two yearn lat.ee h<- received the ! degree of Master of Arts from Harvard, I and for several year? thereafter nerved an hu Instructor ?t Oberlirt, Jluring 1000 and I?107 he wa* assist ' ant i-dtior of "The Atlantic Monthly." Before he wrote "A Tailor-Made Man" New York had seen two other of his ! play?, "Blackbird?" and "Mrx. Burnp I stead-Leigh," In which Minnie Maddern ? Fisk? appeared. WHITE! HI 1,1'IIHI MI'IUNCM, \V. V?. Th? Orunbrler Kurop*?n (?tan. Wonderful OUrsttV* Wttleia. N. 1'. <Jfflt;n, Tim 1'luzu. ?AdvL New Strikes Hit Austrian Roads And Telegraphs Disorders Begin in Buda? pest and Spread Rapidly AMSTERDAM, March " 17.?Strikes are again in progress in Austria and Hungary, and are spreading rapidly, ac? cording to German newspapers. A Vienna dispatch to the "Weser Zeitung" of Bremen, dated Friday, says that a strike has begun in Budapest, and is as suming large proportions. Telegraphic communication between Budapest and Vienna was suspended on Thursday. A Vienna dispatch to the "Lokal An? zeiger", of Berlin confirms the report of last week that workmen in railway shops have gone on strike. It says Vienna and neighboring industrial cen? tres are affected bv the movement. Thr men in the railway shops of one line quit work on Tuesday, and were joined on Wednesday by the shopworkers of other railways. Under threat of mili? tary intervention the men returned to the shops, but did not work. -??i-m Turks Hurl Children into Sea in Sacks; Old People Crucified Plan Was to Leave No Ar? menian Alive in Re occupied Territory AMSTERDAM, March 17.?While the Turkish semi-official news agency is . telegraphing abroad -eport3 of alleged atrocities committed by bands of Ar? menians, the Armenian Correspondence Bureau at The Hague declares that the reentry of the Turks into Trebizond, capital of the Vilayet of the same name in Asia Minor, was marked by fresh acts of savagery and rioting. The plan was to leave no Armenian alive in the reoccupied territory. According to news reaching the bu? reau from its Balkan agency thou? sands of Russian stragglers captured by Turkish cavalry were shot, drowned or burned to death. The Armenians were subjected to indescribable tort? ures. Sacks filled with children were thrown into the sea, old women and men were crucified or mutilated and all young women aJul girls were handed over to the Turks. Protestants And Jews Aid Catholic Fund Daniels, Dr. Manning and Rabbi Silverman Help Drive i Great Enthusiasm ? At Hippodrome Cardinal Farley Starts the K., C. Campaign for $2,500,000 Leaders of three great religions? Catholic. Protestant and Jewish?-spoke last night at the Hippodrome at the formal opening of the New York Cath? olic War Fund Campaign by which it is hoped to raise $2,500,000 for the work that the Knights of Columbus are doing in cantonments here and the camps overseas. Those who gave impetus to the drive and woke the audience that packed the great theatre to violent cheering by their words were Cardinal Farley, Josephus Daniels, Secretary of the Navy; the Rev. Dr. William T. Man? ning, rector of Trinity Church, now a temporary chaplain in the army, and Rabbi Joseph Silverman, of Temple Emanu-El. Bourke Cockran and Will ian P. Larkin, supreme director of the Knights of Columbus, also spoke. Most of those who packed the Hip? podrome were captains and members ?jf the campaign teams that will start their work of money-getting this morning. The theatre was swathed in American flags and bunting. Directly behind where Cardinal Farley sat on the stage in the robes of his office hung the white and gold Papal flag. Dr. Manning in Khaki Dr. Manning appeared in khaki. A company of regulars and another of bluejackets formed a j;uarcl of honor on the stage and the band from the U. S. S. Recruit furnished the music. John G. Agar, presiding chairman of the Catholic Drive, opened the meet ing by announeine; that he had received an offer from John McCormack to tour the country for the Knights of Colum? bus, following his present tour for the Red Cross, and to raise $50,000 for the fund in this manner. Letters were also read from Harry Payne Whitney, who subscribed $50,000; Mme. Galli Curci, prima donna, who gave $500, and Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, who gave $30. Secretary Daniels in his address said that he brought to the audience and the directors of the campaign the thanks of President Wilson and Secre? tary Baker. "1 need net tell you," he continued, "how grateful the navy is for all that your order and your Church has done for the uplift of the youth of the navy. Aiding Youths to Victory "When you look at these lads, clear of eye, firm of muscle and strong in Continued hn Last Page Tanker Victor In Battle With Giant U-Boat Though Hit in Exchange of 100 Shots, American Ship Routs Foe Last Shell Thought To Have Scored Hit Raider Dived Bow Foremost -?Enemy Was Encountered Three Times in Trip AN ATLANTIC PORT, March 17.? How the crew of an American tanker fought off a monster U-boat of a new type in a terrific forty-live minute bat? tle, during which more than one hun? dred shots were exchanged, was told at first hand when the tanker reached this port to-day. One man wa3 wound? ed and the vessel was hit repeatedly by the submarine during a running fight. It ended abruptly when the gun crew on the steamship dropped a shot on the U-boat, which submerged bow first, apparently damaged. T.vo other encounters with subma? rines during the trip across go to make up one of the most amazing tales of adventure on the high seas that have como out of the war. The first U-boat was frightened off, apparently, when a dozen shots were fired at it; another took to cover when the gun crew, using offensive tactics, aimed four shells in its general direction. Carried Navy Gun Crew Censorship rules do not permit men? tion of the name of the ship or of its captain and gun c'rew commander, to whose coolness and bravery are due the ship's splendid fight and escape. Suffice it to say that the vessel is of 0,945 tons gross, was built less than two years ago in this country and is in the service of an American oil com? pany. Besides its crew of thirty-seven, mostly Americans, it carried a United States navy gun grew. First Mate Carl Eckman, of 21(5 South Tenth Street, Philadelphia, chief officer of the tanker, gave the details of the longest of the three encounters over the rail of his ship when it dropped anchor. "We were 245 miles west of Queens town on the afternoon of March 1, at about 5:30 ? j>'clock, when we sighted \\\ at looked like ii buoy ahead," said Eckman. "We soon saw that it was a submarine, about 8,000 yards away. "Our gunners opened fire at once, but our shots fell short. The submarine, which was on the surface, came closer, to a range of about 7,000 yards, which was still outside of the range of our pieces, although easily within theirs. U-Boat Closes In "Our gunners kept firing from fore and aft guns, while the vessel was kept going ahead in zigzag fashion. Al? though the submarine was within tor? pedo distance it chose to use shells instead, with little success at first. Our zigzagging puzzled them, and they Continued on Last Page THIS ?S ENROLMENT WEEK FOR THE U. S. BOYS' WORK ^_^^^ ING RESERVE TO Y?WS mwt? THY Strong German Force Raids American Trenches Near Toul; Petain Pierces Teuton Line -? ? I French Advance Half a Mile on Wide Front Near Malancourt Blow is Heaviest Of Year by Poilus Teutons Hit Back at Ver? dun Centre, but Can't Hold Gain LONDON, March 17.?Violent fight ; ing on extended fronts has broken out in the Verdun sector, with the French driving forward on the extreme left i of their line around the great citadel ? and the Germans countering by strik \ inp at the French centre. P?tain's de- ; i tachments stormed the enemy trenches | at Malancourt on the west bank of the Meuse last night and carried the foe's unes ?n a front of 1,400 metres and , to a depth of 800 metres- -almost half , ! a mile. To-day the Crown Prince hurled . German contingents at Samogneux, the Bois de Caurieres and Bezonvaux, all i on the east bank of the river. Paris ! I admits that they penetrated the French j defences at various points, but says . I they suffered heavy losses and could not hold the ground which they had' i gained. Heavy Fire Precedes Attack After the German positions west of ; Avacourt and before Malancourt had i j been subjected to an incessant shell fire for ten hours the French went over '? the top and engaged the enemy over a -? ''wide front." Berlin dispatches say ? . the attackers were repelled after hard ! lighting. A series of strong German attacks, ! in which Hessians, Waldecks and Sax- ? ons were numbered, was directed to- j j day against the French lines near Samogneux and Bezonvaux. Paris ad? mits the eni'my penetrated some of the first iine positions, but was compelled to withdraw by the violence of the French fire. Berlin speaks of this ac | tion as a victory, claiming 200 pris? oners, including the staff of a bat I talion. Last year General Retain, in a series ? of short, sharp and invariably success | ful battles, in which many thousands of prisoners were taken, gradually drove the Germans back from around : Verdun until they had lost all direct observation of the citadel and held only a little of the ground gained by the Crown Prince in the first days of ? \ his grand but disastrous offensive of - ; 1916. By the close of the campaign of ; 1017 the French lines were defensively ? perfect and the French armies stood in ; i an excellent position to strike down the | valley of the Meuse. Heaviest Blow of Year The French effort of last night is ; clearly one of the heaviest attempted this year, and was evidently aimed at. , Malancourt, which still remains in - German hands. This little town lies in a cup of hills the crests of which domi? nate the west, or left bank, of the i Meuse for several miles. Should, P? tain seize this position a German re- j treat over a considerable sector would ; become inevitable. Hill 304 and Dead j Man Hill are already occupied oy the French. Malancourt and the region around it is the last commanding' ground which the Germans hold on the west bank of the river. It may be that j the valley of the Meuse is to be the first field of great Allied operations this year. Witn only few exceptions the entire Western theatre of war is in action. Patrol clashes are becoming more fre? quent and the heavy artillery exchange continues unabated. New activity by the Germans against the British posi? tions between the Menin Road and La Basses regions indicates an effort by the German command to extend the salient at that point,'which now is one ; of the few secions of the old Hinden burg line which remains intact. Big German Guns Active This entire region and that section to the southwest of Cambrai, as well a? the Baupaume-Cambrai Road, the Scarpe Valley and the east of the ons were numbered, were directed to- : terrific hammering bv giant guns. The German long range artillery is playing upon the rear of the British positions, either preparing an attack or seeking! to destroy Haight's communications. ? Even greater activity than that dis- ; played during the last few days is being displayed by the aircraft board of both combatants. Allied machines are especially active on bombing expe ditions. On Saturday they dropped thirteen tons of bombs on enemy bil? lets and are subjecting these shelters to constant attack.* They also attacked a hostile air? drome and three large ammunition dumps on this expedition, and an offi? cial statement says that one hangar was completely destroyed, a Gotha ma? chine which was about to rise crashing; to the ground. Sixteen enemy aircraft were brought down and seven others were disabled, i whiie six of the British aviators have not returned. Berlin reports the destruction of seventeen airplanes and two balloons. -- ? e Many Hurt in Belfast Riots; Troops Called BELFAST, March 17. -Severe rioting j occurred last night in the Nationalist quarter of Belfast between a mob of i Sinn F?iners and the police. Many disunities we,ro sent to the hospital, in? cluding a number of policemen. The rioting lasted four hours and I the military was called out this morn-I ing to take charge of the district. -?-?-<? France Honors 1 9 More Americans As Field Heroes ._| ? lBy The Associated Tress] WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE. Friday, March 15.- Amer ican soldiers serving in the sector east of Luneville have again been honored by the French government for heroic conduct on the field of battle. War crosses have been conferred upon them. Among those thus decorated were : Private Elmer McDonough, of Kel logg, Minn., attached to a certain bat? tery of field artillery, who "fulfilled his mission, carrying dispatches through a heavy fire and fell gloriously at his post of combat." Sergeant Raymond Quinlan, St. Paul, Minn.; Privates Emile F. Kraft, St. Paul.; Charles Danielson, Storm Lake, Iowa; Charles McLaughlin and Walter Smith, of Hutchinson, Minn.; Harvey A. McPeak, Renwick, Iowa; Floyd R. Leseman, Prescott, Wis.; Nicholas McGaughren, St. Paul, and John A. Bedner. New Prague, Minn.? "Soldiers of fine energy, having given proof since their entry into the line of great courage under fire, wounded at their posts of combat." Infantry Units -- Corporal Homer Whited, Bessemer, Ala.?"Struck down an enemy who attempted to kill him after making to surrender." Private Amos Teskc, Coal Valley, Ala.?"Cour? ageous and well disciplined soldier, who aided the French on patrol to capture two prisoners." Corporal Lewis A. Simons, El Reno, Okla., and Private A. Selix, Union ville, Iowa, "showed coolness and courage of war-hardened veterans, seriously wounded in repulsing at? tack." Trench Mortar Unit-?Sergeant Charles W. Stout, of Baltimore, "con? tinued to fire his gun, directing men under heavy fire." Corporal Russell A. Yarnell, ot Swarthmore, Penn.-?"Seriously wound? ed, hut remained at his post of com? bat." Private James E. Potts, Baltimore. ?"Mortally wounded while serving his piece^under heavy lire." Corporals Joseph N. Walker and Thomas W. Sporner, both of Balti? more.?"Continued to fire their piece under violent bnmbardment." PHILADELPHIA, March 17.- Corpo? ral Russell A. Yarnell, of Swarthmore, Penn., mentioned as among those who received War Crosses, is well known in athletic circles in this section. He w.as a member of the Swarthmore Col? lege baseball and football teams. He left college last April to enlist. Germans in Panic Over Air Attacks Many Civilians Flee; Munition Factory at Coblentz Blown Up GENEVA. Thursday, March 14.?Re? ports reaching here from Germany say that panics have been brought about by the British aerial attacks on Ger? man towns. At Coblentz, according to a Basel dispatch, there were several outbreaks of lire in the southern part of the town, and an ammunition factory was blown up. The railway station at Fribourg was again badly damaged. Swiss travellers report that in the principal Rhine cities many nouses and at artments are vacant, numbers of per? sons moving to centra! Germany or Switzerland. They say opinion is grow ing*against continuation of German air raids. LONDON, March 17.?Bombing raids against Germany have been carried out by British airplanes. The official an? nouncement of the raid says: "On Sunday we again raided Ger? many, attacking the barracks and rail? way station at Kaiserslautern i Ba? varia). Direct hits were observed on the station and a large lire broke out. "Our formation was attacked by a large number of hostile machines, which were driven off. All of our ma? chines returned." Allied Fliers Made 23 Air Raids in February AMSTERDAM, Friday, March 15.?A Berlin dispatch says that in February Entente aviators made twenty-three at? tacks on German towns. Tr?ves was raided three times, and Saarbr?cken, Mannheim and Pirmasens once each. While no military damage was caused, the dispatch says, a considerable amount of damage was done to houses and other private property. Twelve persons were killed and thirty-six in? jured, fifteen of them severely. One biplane fell into the hands of_thc Ger? mans. The other attacks were directed against industrial districts in Lorraine, Luxemburg, Saar and Moselle. They are said to have caused no interruption of work, the raiding 'planes in a ma? jority "of cases having been prevented by the anti-aircraft guns from reaching their objectives. ?-?#-, Now Its Eggless Easter WASHINGTON, March 17. A move? ment to save some sixty million egg? for food this year, by country-wide observance of an eggless Easter, was launched here to-day by prominent women, headed by Mrs. Herbert Hoover, Mrs. Newton I). Baker, Mrs. Medil McCormick and Mrs. P. P. Clax ton. ' It was announced recently that the annual egg rolling on the White House grounds Easter Monday would be abandoned. & Heavy Bombardment Pre? cedes Attack?Casual? ties Withheld Seek Information By Taking Prisoners Troops in Two Sectors Un? der Increasing Artil? lery Fire ! Ity Tim Associated IVess] WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, Saturday, March 1?. After a terrific artillery preparation this morn? ing large numbers of the enemy crossed ; No Man's Land on the extreme right of ? the American sector, northwest of Toul. : Apparently the purpose of the raid was quickly accomplished and only a com [ pnratively small number entered our . lines. Permission has not been given : to mention the number of casualties. This raid, like most of the others ' carried out all the way from the sea to Switzerland, was designed to gather in? formation by means of taking prisoners. East of Luneville our patrols have ex i , plored part of the German trench which i our artillery forced the enemy to i abandon. Patrols proceeded laterally ' until they established contact with the Germans. Wipe Out Snipers' Posts Our reconnoissance and wire patrols ! found snipers' post?, listening posts I and nests from which machine guns [ had been firing on our lines. The artil ? lcry attended to all these posts. The German positions have been made so ! uncomfortable at several places that they are now trying to regain a foot : hold by connecting shell holes. Our troops have been subjected to an ! extraordinarily heavy artillery fire for j the last twenty-four hours. More than I 240 shells, which make craters twenty ? feet deep and thirty feet in d?amete?, j fell in one section of the line. *n an I other section batteries have been | shelled heavily. More gas shells have j fallen in both the Toul and Luneville ? sectors, but the larger number in the 'former. Shells, most of them heavy I and some of them of the Hi-inch type, I have pounded the position northeast of Badonvillers intermittently, but the Americans and their allies have held on. Position Consolidated Consolidation of the position has ; been continued, and the series of opera [ tions in this particular part of the sec ' tor has brought the French lines up on | a front of nearly three miles. The ; parapets have been turned toward the ? enemy, dugout entrances have been changed and new dugouts have been built to protect the men. i Last night it appeared as if the enemy would abandon his attempt to drive out the Americans and French, realizing that it is an almost hopeless task. Throughout the sector artillery firing is continuing. Americans Rout Enemy in Patrol Clash Near Toul (By The Associated Press) WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, Thursday, March 14. One of our patrols last night encountered an enemy patrol in No Man's Land in the Toul sector and opened fire. The Ger? mans fled, carrying with them several bodies, supposed to be of men killed or wounded. They were so busy getting away that there was only a teeble re? turn to the American fire, and none of the American patrol was injured. Two enemy airplanes flew over our lines during the nigh-., one dropping flares as signals. The other was over? head at a time when the Germans be? gan a barrage, which our guns coun? tered. It is not improbable the enemy 'plane was trying to locate our bat? teries by the flashes of the cuns. No infantry activity followed the barrage. Our artillery co.Vir.ucd to do effect? ive work against the enemy lines and silenced a battery which was firing big shells in our direction from a point in the rear of Sonnard Wood. Several other places where activity was ob? served also were shelled. New German troops have entered the line in front of u?. Apparently they have been told they are opposite Americans, because many times the new arrivals have been seen observing us curiously through field classes. This curiosity has proved disastrous to them on more than one occasion, for our snipers are as active as our artillery. In the intermittent bombardments at various parts of the American sector considerable numbers of mustard, phos? gene and chlorine shells were used. American aerial observers ?n the rear of the lines have been formed into a squadron under command of a French captain. They were over the line to? day, but had no encounters with en? emy machines. Charles S. Gordon, of Iowa, the first man wounded in the Luneville sector, has received the Cross of War. Baker Continues Tour, Thanks French Officers; Asks Pershing His Needs I By Tim Awxtuted Press] ON BOARD SECRETARY BAKER'S SPECIAL TRAIN IN FRANCE, March 15. Newton D. Baker, the American Secretary of War, to-day saw some other parts of the1 gigantic works be? gun by the Americans in France, which are keeping well in advance of the re? quirements of the expanding army. The Secretary has now left the series of debarking ports and is examining the interior establishme(?ts, where re