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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED First to Last?the Truth: Vol. LXXVII No. 26,008 Editorials - Advertisements Siri?rone WEATHER Fair and warmer to-day; to-morrow fair; moderate south and southwest winds Full Report on Page 16 [ Copyright 1918? The Tribune Ass'n] SUN? AY, MARCH 31, 1918?SEVEN PARTS?SIXTY-TWO PAGES FIVE CENTS In New York City French Stem Onslaught on 38-Mile Line After Yielding 6 Towns in All-Day Battle Battle Only Begun, Says Lloyd George No Prediction Can Be Made as to Its Future Course, Premier Avers War Cabinet Holds Continuous Session Surprises in Conduct of the War Promised in Telling of Preparations LONDON, March 30.?Premier | Lloyd George to-day announced the appointment of General Foch as com? mander of the Allied armies on the Western front. In making the an? nouncement the Premier said: "For the first few days after the German army had launched upon our lines an attack unparalleled in its concentration of troops and gun? | the situation was extremely critical. Thanks to the indomitable bravery \ of our troops, who gradually stemmed the enemy advance until reinforcements could arrive and our faithful ally could enter into the battle, the situation now is improved. The struggle, however, is only in its opening stapes and no prediction of its future course can yet be made. War Cabinet in Constant Session ''From the first day the War Cab? inet has been in constant session and in communication with headquarters and with the French ano! American governments. A number of meas? ures have been taken in concert be? tween the governments to deal with the emergency. "The enemy has had the incalcu? lable advantage of lighting as one army. To meet this the Allies have, since the battle began, taken a most important decision. "With the cordial cooperation of the British and French commanders in chief, General Foch has been charged by the British, French and American governments to coordinate the action of the Allied armies on the Western front. Warns of Further Sacrifices "In addition to the action taken to meet the immediate needs of the mo? ment, it will be necessary to bring into operation certain measures which have long been in contempla? tion should a situation such as the present arrive. "It is clear that, whatever may happen in this battle, the country must be prepared for further sacri? fices to insure final victory. I am certain that the nation will shrink from no sacrifice which is required to secure this result, and the nec? essary plans are being carefully pre? pared by the government, and will be announced when Parliament meets." -?--F-? British Reports Tell How U. S. Destroyers Sank Two U-Boats LONDON, March 80. Two encoun ter? in which American destroyer! wank German submarines arc de? scribed in a series of accounts of suc? cessful submarine battle:-! publisher to-day. The accounts follow: "The first American destroyer sight? ed the enemy submarine on the port bow and proceeded at full speed ir the direction of the enemy, who sub merged. The American officers couh see the enemy':? wake, which showet he wa.-i running underneath the sur face from starboard to port. As th( Herman passed under the stern of th( American boat the latter dropped ? depth charge. The wake which hat been plainly visible orf the starboart never appeared on the port side of th< destroyer. Instead, large quantities of oil carne to the ?surface. "The second American destroyer, en gaged in night convoy duty, :?ightef an object a rnile away by the light o: *.he moon. Full speed was onicrc.d bat the submarine dived while th< American was still a few hundrer yards distant. Two depth charge? wen dropped and oil came to the surface This xubrnarine was apparently lyinf ?n wait for another convoy which wai approaching from an opposite direc ti?n." _ German Wounded Tax the Railroadi AMSTERDAM, March 30. Train carrying wounded Germans from th> battfefront in France are proctcdinf continuously along the frontier be? tween Germany and Holland, accordim to a di-?patch to the "Tclcgraaf" fron Kerkrade. It ha? been necessary to repla/:. fcosp?taj cars by freight cars, in whirl the wounded lie on straw and shav?ngt - Haig Predicted German Blow By Arthur S. Draper [Tribune Cable Service] LONDON, March 30.?Marshal Haig told me at his headquarters two months ago that airplanes would not end the war, but they would prove a powerful factor in the next great battle. For obvious reasons I could not quote him then, but there is no reason now why I should not report his reply when I asked him where he expected the Germans to hit. "Against us," he said. "If we are beaten it matters little what happens elsewhere." I can state that he really expected the blow, that he did not mini? mize the strength the enemy would be able to bring to bear and that he had ncr fear as to the ultimate result Haig's prophecy in all essential points has been borne out by re? cent events. The full story must wait until after the present battle is decided. U. Se to Speed Munitions and Men to France All Branches of Service Ordered to Furnish Maximum Effort [Staff Correspondence] WASHINGTON, March 30. ? The I movement of men and munitions to the i fighting front in France is to be speeded up to the maximum from now \ forward to meet any request of the Al? lies for increased participation of the United States in the great struggle. The division of operations of the General Staff to-day completed an ex? tensive programme of troop movements which is to be rigorously followed as calls for additional American fighting strength are received from Paris and London. The food administration, co? operating with the quartermaster de partment of the army, likewise is pre? pared to respond to the calls of the Al? lies for equipment, food and supplies, whiTe the Shipping Board and the Navy I Department are working at top speed I in acquiring tonnage to carry the man j power and sustenance sought. While nothing can be said about de | tails concerning troop movements, it is ; known that instructions have gone for ? ward to all division commanders to I utilize every available minute in com ! pl?ting the training of the men under their control, and all have been advised . to hold their commands in readiness for instant dispatch to embarkation points, as the Allies indicate then needs. The appointment of General Foch to the supreme high command, and 'the : offer of General Pershing placing the < American troops at his disposal for ; utilization as he sees fit, are interpre? ted by afcmy men to be a forerunner : of increased activity by? the United States soldiers in 'the lighting. While no information is available here on po? sitions of American forces in the Al? lied offensive, it is known that the United States troops have been so or? ganized by General Pershing as to per? mit of the greatest mobility. The American commander's pro? gramme from the outset has been to call for troops in the order of their greatest need. While few divisions have been moved to France in full divi? sional formation, this does not mean ' that men of special qualifications have not gone forward in large numbers. On the contrary, it is known that from time to time General Pershing has asked for auxiliary units necessary 1,0 complete the divisions he is forming from the men .tow available in France. The War Department to-day issued instructions to all commands to care? fully guard the movements of troops seaward in order not to disclose infor? mation of value to the enemy. Like? wise, there has been additional activity in the medical department dealing with the examination of general offi? cers to determine their fitness for overseas duties. These two incidents, army men pointed out, give some indi , cation of the department's plans for preparing to respond to any calls for additional man power from the Allied ; forces in France. Battlefield Carpeted With German Dead Fresh Teuton Troops Affected by Sight o? Great Piles of Comrades' Bodies LONDON, March 31. "The Morninj Post's" correspondent in France draw.1 , a grewsome picture of battlefield con? ditions. "Prisoners state that the countryside is full, of bodies and thai i the air is horrible with the odor o? death," he writes. "Wells cannot be I used. The ruined viilajf?fftirc impos ? sible as billet?, because they are strewn , j with German dead. There are great ' pile? of bodies along the roads and be tween them. The enemy has only re ! cently found time to bury any of hii '. '. dead. "The spectacle of the battlefield car 1 '] peted with the bodies of their comrade! ! has affected fresh troops, wh<r in thii way discovered, to their surprise, thai the British are not too weak to fight ' Prisoners say that the British endu ranee and skill in fighting are delaying i ? the progress of the German army. "Among the feats of this British en | durance may be mentioned that of t ! I detachment which marched olghtecr hours, fought throughout one night atu 1 i half of the next day, repelled three at " ; tacks, twice recaptured a certain vil ' l?ge, and dug trenches." ! -? ?? j VVII1TK SULPHUR 8PRINC18. W. VA. ' ' Th? Or?e*nbrier, Kuroi?*m? pl*n. Woriderfu I curative ?at.-r?. N. V. O fit Co. Tlio I'Ihkh . p?Advt, Clock Hands Move Up Hour Ahead of Sun Large Crowds See Official Ceremony in Madison Square Good morning; have you advanced your timepiece one hour? If you have not, the rest of the coun? try is sixty minutes ahead of you. By Federal enactment and by unanimous consent the daylight saving r?gime began this morning, when 2 o'clock be? came 3 o'clock. The sun arosii as usiwl this morn? ing, and, if you have a sun dial, it reg? isters time as of yore. But a sun dial, 'ong obsolescent, is now positively ob? solete, out of date, behind time. It takes a timepiece with a mobile indi? cator to reep pace with changing in? stitutions. Americans have joined Europeans ir deluding themselves into getting uj earlier in the morning. The daylight saving law, effective to-day, is, in ef feet, an enactment to compel earlie; rising. While the sun rises as usual you rise earlier than usual. The na tion has agreed to delude itself ii order to save artificial light and th< fuel that produces it. While most Americans slept las night, sleep had no charms for Marcu M. Marks, chairman of the Nationa Daylight Saving Movement After tw years of effort to induce Americans t follow Europeans in conserving day light. Mr. Marks Just couldn't go t Continued on Last Page Amiens' Fate Depends on Fierce Fight German Masses Pressing Forward on Twenty Mile Line Allies Confident Of Holding Town If Foe Is Checked Here Worst Will Be Over, Is Belief By Arthur S. .Draper (Tribune Cable Service) LONDON, March 30.?The Ger? mans an? nearer Amiens. Less than ten miles separate them from this railway centre on the Paris-Boulogne line. North of ihe Somme the fighting has deteriorated into local engage? ments, but south of the river, espe? cially toward the confluence of tho Somme and the Avre, it has grown in intensity. Along the practically straight road from St. Quentin to Amiens and northwest from Roye the German forces are coming up in great masses with their slowly mov? ing guns in the hope of battering their way into Amiens. From the Somme as far as Mont didier, just short of twenty miles, one of the greatest struggles of the whole battle is being waged by the reinforced enemy and the Anglo French army strengthened by large reserves. The fate of Amiens is be? ing decided in this gigantic conflict. The Allies still fall back, but the ad? vance of the enemy grows slower with every hour. But the defenders can no longer fall back without imperilling Amiens, which represents infinitely more than a -town like Pcronne, Noyon or even Arras. Full Reserves Not Yet Employed It is doubtful whether the enemy has yet brought his full pressure to bear on this front. Certainly the Allies have not employed their full reserves. Tho Continued on Next Page GIMBEUS is back in The TRIBUNE! p 1MBEL BROTHERS carry V-l copy in the advertising col? umns of to-day's Tribune and have been admitted to its columns for future advertising. There are good reasons. On October 22, 1916, the adver? tising of the big department store at Broad way and 33 rd Street was ex? cluded from The Tribune for /cause." The cause for which Gimbel's was/ex? cluded from The Tribune was told at that time in its columns. Now Gimbel's bornes back into the advertising columns of The Tribune for "cause." The controlling cause is that the publishers of 1 he Tribune have become convinced that the reasons for their former criticisms 6* Gimbel's ad? vertising methods have ceased to exist in the con? duct of that great business. Since October, 1916, The Tribune ^a? continued its former practice of watching Gimbel's method/0' making representations to the public regarding the goods offi?^d for sale by that store", in newspaper advertisement? or other^lsc. as it has watched the methods of mercantile houses gently, parlicularly in this city. It is gratifying to The TnJF?e '? be able to say that for * long lim;- Gimbel's has stood U> severest tests of the application of I lie I ribune's principles of?'?rulli in advertising, of candor and fair dealing with their tu?*,me? and of sincerity of purpose in affording satisfaction (o eVv purchaser from them. We are fully'persuaded that the house of Gimbel Brothe>*> in its public advertising and in its representaron? to customers, is now measuring and living v? to The Tribune's fundamental prin? ciple, "Fj*** to Last?The Truth." T // Americans Eager to Help Halt Teuton Shouts of Joy Greet An? nouncement That They Will Join in Battle Baker Pleased by Pershing's Offer Officers and Men Enthusi? astic at Chance to Join Conflict [By Tho Associate! Presil WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, March 30.?"I am delighted at General Pershing's prompt and effective action in plac? ing all the American troops and fa? cilities at the disposal of the Allies in the present situation," said Secre ! tary of War Baker in a statement given out at headquarters to-day. "It will be met with hearty ap i proval in the United States, where ! the people desire their expedition? ary forces to be of the utmost ser : vice in the common cause," the i Secretary continued. 'Americans Cheer News "I have visited all the American troops in France, some of them re? cently, and had an opportunity to observe the enthusiasm with which : officers and men received the an? nouncement that they would be used in the present conflict. One regiment to which the announce? ment was made spontaneously broke into cheers." Secretary Baker, tor obvious rea? sons, declined to discuss just what part the American expeditionary forces may. play or are playing. This will become known in due time. The news that the force was to I participate at all was met with dheers and shouts of delight from one end of the American zone to I the other, even at the front. I All Glumness Vanishes The officers and men had about come to the conclusion that.they were to be forced to sit back and watch the progress of events, and i they were glum. To-day they are ' smiling and demonstratively con ; gratulating each other. There was | much slapping of each other on the back, while some of the troops threw up their hats and danced when the news reached them. There is still no news from the ; fighting engineers. j Secretary Baker, having con ? ferred with the Allied commanding i officers and statesmen, desires to re i turn to the United States as suon ! ab possible and make available the ; information he has secured from I his observations and conferences. : He ha? completed the inspection of I men and material, which he found a very inspiring task. -m ^United States Soldiers Get "Silence" Orders [Staff Correa].?)tden<^e~\ WASHINGTON, March 30.?Drastic ordern were issued to the army to-day I forbidding officers and men irom di? vulging any information concerning in | ?and or overseas movements of organ I izations or individuals. ? .olation /of I the order will be followed by disciplin j ary measures^ The marking of cars or of baggage to indicate an overseas destination, the I date of departure or the name of the I ship which is to steam is forbidden. ? In conveying information of contem j plated embarkation to relatives, army ! men are specifically cautioned not to : divulge time or place of departure. The order continues: "After arrival in France or England no information will be given concern? ing" names of organizations arriving, 1 destinations of organizations, names of 1 vessels, in format i oil concerning con? voys, routes pursued, measures taken ' to avoid, attack, dates of arrival, dc i barkation or departure, number of i troops or character of cargoes car? ried. "Officers and men will avoid talk or discussion with reference to military matters while in any public place. After joining the American cxpedition | ary forces all officers and men will I view with suspicion, any person asking ! questions about military subjects or 1 discussing such topics where there is n ? possibility, however remote, of such in? formation reaching an enemy. "Commanding officers of all vessels carrying troops to join the American expeditionary forces will cause this or de.- to" be published en route to all per? sons in the military service." __-m ? Now In tnf timo to own yo\ir own home! Turn to tlie Hfal Batate Columna of to duy'a Tribune. Pf?rluipn you'll rind there Juflt your opportunity.? AUvU y-? LENGTHENED POINT OF GERMAN SALIENT ?C i The solid black area shows the gains of the enemy reported yesterday,, , the broken line the unchanged part of the front, the solid line the front before the offensive began. The arrows show the two principal / enemy atacks of yestorday, in the region of Boiry and Boyelles, and on a thirty-mile front on both sides of the point of the salient. I ? ' I In the main attack the Germans advanced two or three miles, winning minor villages. Ayette, the capture of which was reported by the foe yes? terday, seems to have been taken in the costly assaults of Friday. 4 The Official Statements _y LONDON, March SO.?The D ritish War Office to-day issued the following statements: NIGHT.?North of the Somme, afte,r a short lull yesterday, the battle broke out afresh this morning. The.enemy repeated his costly and unsuc? cessful assaults both in the region'of Boiry and Boyelles and immediately north of the Somme. All thes?1assaults, which were delivered in consider i / I able strength and with fresly'troops, were thrown back with heavy losses to the enemy, and our posH?or.s remained intact. We took a number of pris? oners, y A heavy bomhaVdment of our defences east of Arras accompanied the delivery of the attack. South^of the Somme and between that riv^r and the Avre fighting has continued incessantly, attacks and counter attacks taking place at frequent intervals. The enemy forced his way this morning into the village of Dcmuin, in the Luce Valley, but is held up at the western outskirts of the village. EVENING.?North of the Somme, on the British front, there is no change in the situation. South of the Somme we maintain our positions. Further south, during the course of the day, heavy attacks on the French front have enabled the Germans to gain ground west of the Avre and south and southeast of Montdidier.? The Germans have captured the villages of Aubvillers, Grivesnes. Cantigny, Mesnll-St. Georges, Le Montchel and Ayencourt. East of this latter place heavy fighting is going on, and the exact situation is not known. The weather has broken and a heavy rain is falling. DAY.?North of the Somme only local actions have taken place. South of the Somme the enemy's attacks yesterday at Demuin and' Mezieres succeeded in pressing back our troops from the latter village. We secured a number of prisoners in our counter attacks. At Demuin all the enemy's attempts to capture the village broke down after sharp fighting which lasted throughout the afternoon. During the last week our cavalry have fought with great gallantry, both mounted and dismounted, and repulsed the enemy, inflicting heavy losses or. him in numerous engagements. Foe, Checked, Loses Heavily, Says Paris PARIS, March SO.?The French War Office to-day issued the fol' ; Unving: NIGHT.-The battle on the front from Moreuil to Lassigny continued all day With the greatest violence and spread over c front of sixty kilo? metres (thirty-seven miles). The German forces, in spite of enormous losses in their ranks by our fire, have multiplied their assaults against our line, which have been met desperately by our heroic troops, who by their incessant counter attacks have stopped everywhere the furious assault of the enemy. The region of Orvillers, Pi?mont and Plessier de Roye has been the th >atre of fierce fighting, these village? changing hands several times. Two German divisions which had succeeded in getting a foothold in Pi?? mont and in the park of Plessier de Roye were swept back again by a magnificent counter attack by our troops, who have reestablished their line. At certain points masses of the assailing forces were taken under the terrible lire of our artillery and were forced to retreat in disorder, leaving the ground covered with dead and wounded. The losses of the enemy in j the whole battle zone still exced thoee of the preceding days. DAY.?The battle was resumed with new violence during the night, and is in progress on a front of forty kilometres from Moreuil to beyond Lassigny. French troops, supported by French reserves, which continue to arrive, are offering powerful resistance to the violent assaults of the Ger? mans. ! Advance Between Somme and Oise Reported by Berlin BERLIN, March 30.?The German War Office to-day gave out the \ following'. NIGHT -Between the Somme and the Oise we made progress in our attacks. DAY Between the Somm? and the Avre we drove out the English and French troops which ri?shed to their assistaance from parts of their fore? most positions and captured Beaucourt and Mezieres. Fresh attacks against Montdidier failed. Ayettc has been cleared of enemy forces. The situation north of the Somme is unchanged. The French fire is completing the de? struction of Laon Cathedral, which has been considerably damaged by the continuous bombardment. Lieutenant Gongartz brought down his thirty second and thirty-third opponents end Lieutenant Udet his twenty-second. v Kaiser's Men Push Ahead In New Blow At Amiens Germans, Within 12 Miles, Shell City on Paris Railway Line Attacks North of Somme Repulsed British Yield Ground Slowly; Foe Still Try? ing to Divide Allies The Germans launched a furious at? tack Friday night/on a thirty eight mile front along the south-'* western sector of the great battle? field. It continued with even greater vigor yesterday and last night,/'' The field of the attack includes the tip of the huge German salient and the point of junction between the French and British forces, though the heaviest pressure is against the French. * The Allies ceded ground slowly, re? treating two or three miles along the Avre River and west and south of Montdidier and giving up half a dozen small villages. Latest dispatches last night said this tremendous effort of the enemy still kept up. Fighting of a most sanguinary nature was taking place. French reinforcements were arriving rapidly. The battle on the Moreuil-Lassigny front continued the whole day and extended along sixty kilometres. The French statement of last night declarea the German as? saults, multiplied in force, were incessant, but French counter at? tacks everywhere stopped the on? slaught. Unable to make progress on the sides of the salient against the firm British lines on the north and the French on the south, tho enemy seems to have determined to move forward at the tip, no matter what the cost. The Germans are now only six and a quarter miles from the main rail? way from Amiens to Paris, which must be under their fire. Further north, at Demuin, they have reached a point twelve miles from Amiens, which is being ?helled. North of the Somme the enemy yes? terday attacked between Boiry and Boyelles, and also just above? the river. These attacks resulted in heavy losses, ? Haig reports, without gaining ground. Berlin reported the village of Ayette wa3 captured in this part of the front Friday, when, the British state. costly German attacks broke down there. The Associated Press correspondent at the front telegraphs the enemy is reported digging in from Thiep val to La Boi.selle, in the vicinity of Albert. The defences east of Arras, at the north end of the battle line, were bombarded heavily yesterday, but no infantry attacks followed. Still further north, on both sides of Hill 70, the Canadians for ter. hours subjected the German posi? tions on a wide front to a heavy bombardment, twice increased to "battle intensity." Hutier Throwing Massed Divisions Against the French (By The A>.Hoclatf.l Pjreu] WITH THE FRENCH ARMY IN FRANCE, March 30.--The heavy bombardment which was in progress last night when the corresponden^ left the front developed to-day into a general battle along the French line from Moreuil to beyond Lassig ny. Here one of the Crown Prince'e armies, under Von Hutier, made i series of smashing assaults and aimed at various points and ex? tending twenty-five miles. The French reserves came into ac i ?