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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED Vol. LXXVn No. 26,074 _ ^k??P"-' P-'_A J._ T [Copyright 1018? The Tribune Ass'n] 111? ' ? ^^ First to Last?the Truth: News - Editorials ? Advertisements ?Er?mnc WEATHER Fair and somewhat wanner to-day; to-morrow probably showers; light variable winds becoming southerly. Full Report on Pare 16 SATURDAY, APRIL 6, 1918 T^nr^-M!1*1 Greater New York and T\\O CENTS} Withln commuting; distance THREE CENTS Elsewhere THE PLEDGE THAT SECURES THE LIBERTY LOAN "W^ ^r,"0 /lsfl en<k t0 serve?We desire no conquest, no dominion?We seek no indemnities for ourselves, no material compensation for the sacrifices we shall freely make ?We are but one of the champions of the rights of mankind?The world must be made safe for Democracy."?From President Wilson's War Message one year ago. Germans Stopped on Both Sides of Somme: reat Tidal Wave Is Broken, Says Foch Million Bells Will Proclaim the Opening To-day Of Campaign for $3,000,000,000 Liberty Loan Third Appeal to Amer? icans Made on First Anniversary of War Declaration?20 Mill? ion Investors the Goal Mayor Hylan Issues Proclamation Urging All to Display Flag? City's Quota Is $900,000,000 MERI?A for the 1 third time in a ? year to-day ap? peals to her citi? zens for the financial muni- ! tions of war. Officially, the ; sale of bonds for the third Liberty Loan opens on this first anniversary I of the entrance of the United States into the conflict' against Teutonic ; militarism. The people of the land are called upen to-day to show j again to what extent they are be triad America in this war. In ten thousand places through- ! ont the forty-eight states the voice j of the nation will say: "Sons of j America, to carry out the war pro- j gramme which already is under way ! we need $3,000,000,000 more. You ? would give this amount to your country without any selfish return to yourselves. But your generosity will not be imposed on. You are merely asked to lend your savings. In ten years the principal will be returned and every year until then you will receive 4 \i per cent on your loan." The allotted quota for the New York Federal Reserve District is j $900,000,000, but the committee has \ 'set is goal at $1,500,000,000, or 50! per cent of the whole issue. The j New York Federal Reserve District ; includes the twelve northern coun-1 ties of New Jersey and Fairfield County, Connecticut. Safest Investment in World Although bankers characterize I the third Liberty Loan bonds as the eafest investment in the world, the people, it is believed, will not ap? proach the great financial under? taking from a dollar and cents ?tandpoint. They are expected to regard it as a patriotic pursuit. The flotation of the third Liberty Loan is not a Wall Street matter. : It is a Ludlow Street and a River- ; ?de Drive undertaking; a Delancey ! Street and a Central Park West \ Job; a matter that concerns the! Bowery and Fifth Avenue. The ! task of oversubscribing the third j Liberty Loan is up to every town ? and every city in the United States ! *nd every family in every part of ' the nation. Unless literally every family partiei-j Wtes in the third Liberty Loan ti c Promoters of the drive for patriotic dollar? v/iil be disappointed. Benjamin Strong, chairman of the Liberty Loan Committee of the Second Federal Re **ric District? ?aid yesterday mortiir.fr ?*? an address before the Bond Club at j ll>? Bankers' Club room? in the Equita- j **'< Bui ?(Jini?: '"'"here were something ?**'er ten million Hubscribcrs to the last | ?tan. We want to double the number j j? this loan, as we did in the second baa over the first loan, and that rn-*ar,H > ??t we ousjht to have twenty million *"b?cribers. Dollar? Help Win War u?,,. I "hile w<; are r.<>.\\\ng bond? and; T*i*irijf money we are doing a much j fe*re importan?, thing enlisting a ?tost army ?t people in the rank?? of ">* bondholder*? of the government, who : ** a real home-staying army, who * ??<* trlv iV"1**^ the sentiment that wiilj 22 *' ^wufhout the country in re **?> to the war." JyaiotBing more than balance sheet* ?EJSZJ'V' rHt*? '* ??volved in ?| t*!rt K!\. U,Hi hH* ?'"?lied to if.? sup-j /^*m?Illons of volunteer workers, i ('**tinttsd on I'afje 8 Column 3 TAKE A STAVE FROM YOUR BARREL AND GET IN LINE Impetus Given Sedition Bill By Lynching Prompt Action by Senate Urged to Avoid Mob Law WASHINGTON, April 6.?All other | business was laid aside by the Senate to-day for denunciation of disloyalty, sedition, German spies and the I. W. W., and discussion of how the espion age act should be extended so as to? curb these evils and avoid mob law without abridging tho: fundamental liberties of American citizens. While the Senate debated the pend? ing sedition bill, carrying severe penal? ties for disloyal utterances and at? tempts to obstruct the draft or Liberty ? loans, President Wilson and the Cabi? net gave attention to reports of the | lynching of Robert Prager, a German, ! at Collinsvillc, 111., last night. Mem- ! bers of the Cabinet said afterward the deplorable incident emphasized the necessity for immediate legislation that would enable the government to deal with disloyalty and enemy agita? tion, ho that the people would not be tempted to take the law into their own hands. Reed Blocks Immediate Vote Administration leaders in the Senate hope to pass the sedition bill to-mor- j row, the anniversary of America's .n try into the war. An agreement for a ' vote to-morrow, sought to-night by! Senator Overman, of North Carolina, in Charge of the measure, was blocked by Senator Reed, of Missouri. The Missouri Senator said ho was in sym- | pathy with the general purposes of the Continued on last page, Column 8 Aim to Reach Labor Slackers Through Draft Departments to Submit Re? vision Plan to President WASHINGTON*. April 5. Drastic modification of the draft classification Msts, which would affect, in one way or another, the .status of every one of the millions of registered mon, ?s pro? posed in a plan submitted to President Wilson to-day by officials of the pro vosri: vr.arshal general's office and the Department of Labor. While the primary purpose of tho new programme is the ''purification" of | the second, third and fourth classes of registrants, who are not engaged in any productive industry, attention also will be'given to lower sections of Class j 1, and the effect, its framers believe, j will be to solve the nation's labor prob- ! km and increase largely the output of ! the necessaries of life. The proposal would utilize the draft ? machinery for putting industria; slack- ; ers to work. Every registered man who has been granted deferred classifica? tion would be given to understand that such deferment is not a legal right, but a privilege, and that if unfair ad? vantage is taken of that privilege it will be summarily revoked. It is proposed to make a most care ful survey of the lower sections of: ("lass 1 and of other classes to identify those men who are idlers or who aVe gaining their living through undesir? able or "harmful" pursuit.-,. Under the! latter head, officials BUggest, might be*; listed gamblers, bookmakers for races,, poolroom touts and others. Formal notification would be sorvod upon these; men that, unless within a specified time i they obtained employment in some use-1 ful industry, they would have theirj classified status changed so as to send them into military service immediately. . 9 .i. I BUY THIRD I.IMKKTV LOAN BONPH. ii,jirtsllOli(l? & Ploablft, 7 Wnll Ht.?AiJvl. High Schools Bar "Review" As Pacifist Shaw's Magazine De? nounces Allies; Wilson Quoted as Authority "The Review of Reviews," of which ! Dr. Albert Shaw is editor, was barred yesterday from the Commercial High . School of firooklyn on the grour " that ? the leading editorial in the March is sue was pacifistic and subversive of ' American ideals of patriotism. The article contained statements to i the effect that "the Entente's arrogant | declaration of a patchwork programme of spoils and conquests" prevented a ! peace without victory before the United ' States entered the war, and that the War Department's announced plan to j have 1,000,000 men in France by the; end of the year was an "impossible. scheme," for which a programme for a ' frroat defensive navy was suffering. i These statements were represented by a departmental head of the maga? zine to be "almost word for word" the ? utterances of President Wilson at a conference with Dr. Shaw last Feb- ? ruary. Dr. Shaw said last nirght that this! statement "was unauthorized," al- | though he declined to be quoted fur? ther. But Gustav Straubenmiller, I acting Superintendent of Schools, and i his associate, John Tildsley, took action without regard to that. The order barring "The Review of; Reviews" from the Commercial High School was posted yesterday afternoon., Dr. Tildsley, who is in charge of high schools, stated that the March issue of the magazine had been ordered from ? all other high schools, and that the ad- ; visabillty of making the ban perma? nent throughout the department was ? under consideration. The action of the school authorities followed the filing of a petition signed t'ontinned on last page Column G Austria, Not France, Asked Peace Parley Clemenceau Found Nego? tiations Under Way When He Took Office Cites Letter Showing Vienna Was Solicitor Czernin, He Saj's, Twisted Facts, Which Is "Lying" PARIS, April 5.? In an official state? ment issued by the government to-d?y Premier Clcmenceau's denial of the truth of the assertion of Foreign Min? ister Czernin that a conversation con? cerning peace had been hold between Austria and France was given confir? mation. The note follows: "Premier Clemenceau, upon assum? ing the duties of President of the ! Council, found that conversations had been entered into in Switzerland, upon Austria's initiative, between the Count Revertata, a personal friend of Em? peror Charles, and Commandant Ar? mand of the Socond Bureau, French General Staff, designated for that pur? pose by the French Minister at the time. "M. Clemenceau curl m?t wish to as? sume the responsibility of interrupt? ing conferences which had yielded lio results, but which might furnish useful sources of information. Com? mandant Armand thus was allowed to continue his journey in Switzerland, upon the request of Count Revertata. Instructions were given M. Armand in the presence of his chief by M. Cle? menceau -i;? follows: 'Listen and say nothing.' Austria Was Solicitor "Count Revertata, becoming con? vinced that his attempt to bring about a Gorman pence was doomed to failure in order to fully characterize his mis? sion, gave Commandant Armand a let? ter written in his own hand dated Feb? ruary 25, 1918, the first sentence of which reads: "'During the month of August, 1917, with a view to obtaining from the French government, a proposition to Austria which might lead to future peace and bo of such a nature as to be susceptible of l|*-'ing indorsed by Austria and presented to the German government, conferences have been en? tered upon.' "Count Revertata, being himself the solicitor, acknowledges in the follow? ing terms: 'That the purpose was to obtain from the French government propositions of peace, under cover of Austria, for transmission to Berlin.' Czernin Told Untruth "Such is the fact established by an authenticated document which Count Czernin has dared to refer to in the following terms: 'Clemenceau, shortly before the beginning of the offensive 1 on the Western front, had me asked whether I was ready to enter upon ne? gotiations and upon what basis.' In i speaking thus not only he did not ?tell truth, but told the opposite of | truth, which in France is termed 1 lyinp*. "It is but natural that Premier Cle? menceau should be unable to restrain his indignation when Count Czernin. justly anxious as to the final conse? quences of tin* Western offensive, re? versed the rules v.uri such audacity, representing the French government as begging for peace at the very moment when, with our Allies, we wore pre? paring for the infliction of a supreme defeat upon the Central Empire. "It would be too easy to recall to what extent Austria has importuned Rome, Washington and London with so? licitations for an allege! separate peace which had no other aim than to slip upon us the yoke which she pro? fesses to find to her taste. Who does not know the story of a recent meeting (in Switzerland, of course) of a former Austrian Ambassador and a figure high in the councils of the Entente Allies? The conferences lasted only a few min? utes. Here, again, it was not our ally who sought the interview. It was the Austrian government. Does not Count Czernin remember another attempt of the same sort made in Paris and Lon? don only two months before that of Count Revertata by a person of much higher rank? There, again, as in the present case, inauthentic, but much more significant, proof exists." Alexandra Thanks Women of America WASHINGTON. April 5.-?The Ear' of Reading has received .his message from Queen Alexandra to the women of America: ?...,? "As president of the British R<xl Cross Society, I wish to send to the women of our great ally, the United States of America, a message c? greetinK upon the first anniversary of America's entry into the war. It is my earnest prayer that God in His merciful providence may guide and L'uard our righteous cause. b "ALEXANDRA. ' 'we Will Try to Get Upper Hand of the Boche," Says Foch (By The Associated Press) WITH THE FRENCH ARMY IN FRANCE, Thursday, April 4.?General Foch, the new commander in chief, in welcoming The Associated Press and other war correspondents to-night, said he hoped they would continue to work for the interests of the common cause of the Allies as they hitherto had done. Pointing to a map, General Fosh said: "All is going well. Look at the small advances made by the Boche, to call them by their real name, during the 27th, 28th, 29th and 30th. It is now the 4th of April, and it is clearly evident that the great tidal wave of the German army has been broken on the shore, evidently because it met an obstacle. Now they are against an embankment and completely stopped. "The future will show the full measure of our success. We are going to try to do be-ter and to get the upper hand of the Boche. I cannot say what will happen, but all is going well." General Foch then wished the correspondents success in their work. He spoke with cool confidence. Every action, every glance, portrayed a strong man, fully alive to his task and prepared to deal with it. AustriansSay j Parley With Wilson Is On ; Parliamentary Circles Be? lieve Vienna Has Begun Negotiations LONDON, April 5.?Austrian Parlia : mentary circles believe that negotia ! tions have been opened between Presi? dent Wilson and Count Czernin, the ! Austro-Hungarian Foreign Minister, : accordingi to Zurich advices. A tele? gram from Vienna to the "Neueste i Nachrichten," of Munich, says: "Count Czernin's speech has created i | a profound impression in Austrian i ! Parliamentary circles, where it is be- ? i lieved that communications have been ; ; opened between Count Czernin and ? i President Wilson, which already have ; ? reached further than Count Czernin's ? ? statement shows." The "Neue Freie Presse," of Vienna, ? ? taking a hand in the peace offensive | ; of the Central Powers, reverses the j i Clemenceau story told by Foreign Min- i ister Czernin. It savs that before the j \ offensive on the Western front Presi ; dent Wilson and Premier Lloyd George ? i favored discussing peace terms, but ] ] Premier Clemenceau vetoed the sug ! gestion and finally caused them to \ adopt his standpoint of war to the end. ' The newspaper adds: "It is impossible to confirm this re- ! j port absolutely, but there is considera : ble truth in it." | U. S. to Hurry Men To Front as Reply To Peace Reports [Staff Correspondence] WASHINGTON, April 5.?American ? troops will be dispatched to the battle lines of Franca as quickly as tonnage ; is available. This is the answer made in official ? circles in Washington to-night to the ; Vienna reports that peace negotiations ! between Austria-Hungary and this gov- ; : crnment are in progress. While State Department officials de i elined to discuss the Vienna reports, i because their confirmation was lack ; ing, it was authoritatively stated that at no time has communication existed i between the American government and ? tho Austrian government since the dec ; laration of war. i U. S. Flier, Descendant Of General Putnam, Downs Five Germans WASHINGTON, April 5.?An official I dispatch from France to-day says Ser? geant David E. Putnam, one of the ' American pilots recently sent to the i French front, already has to his credit four victories and a fifth which has i not been recorded. NEWTON, Mass., April 5.?Sergeant David E. Putnam, nineteen years old, I ' comes naturally by his fighting spirit. He is a direct descendant of General Israel Putnam, Revolutionary War j hero. His entry into the war was as de cisive as any of the spectacular deeds : of his famous ancestor. He was a ' student at Harvard University, in the class of '20, when the United States cast her lot with the Allie?. He tried for two months to enter the army, but was held back by some minor physical trouble. He came home from his classes one day and asked his mother to pack his . bag, as he was leaving for France in half an hour. He shipped on a cattle boat and ! : reached Paris with only $2 in his I pocket, but he was fortunate in being ! | accepted at once for the Lafayette Escadrille. I One Year Of Getting Into War On the Side of Physical Achievement Stands a Young, Magnificent Army On the Spiritual Side Is the Will to Fight for an Ideal Which the President Has Vitalized By C. W. Gilbert WASHINGTON, April 5.-A year ago, when this country found itself in the war, it had neither the will to fight nor the means to fight. To-day it has the will to fight, but still largely lacks the means, j Thus the year's record is one for pride and one for chagrin. That is why probably no two men are agreed as to whether we as a people have done well or ill. This difference of j opinion was illustrated by the contro? versy a few weeks ago between Presi : dent Wilson and Senator Chamber ! lain. Both of these men are honest | men. One thought we had done won ? derfully well in the last year in get I ting ready for war. The other said j that our preparations have sadly ! fallen down. The President was ! shocked inexpressibly, he was roused i to bitter anger, when the Democratic , chairman of the Senate Military Ai ! fairs Committee said that the admin? istration of the war had failed. Men divide generally upon that is? sue, a large part of the country be? lieving, without regard to partisanship, with Mr. Wilson that we have done well in the last year. Another large part of it is equally sure that we have done ill. Time to See The difference Is a difference in orig? inal outlook. The men who were ready to fight when the war began, who saw the rea soi. for fighting clearly and knew that the quarrel was one that could be set? tled only with blood, are angry that a year should go by and see the country so little nearer real fighting than it was a year ago. The men who were not ready to fight, who were pacifists, who did not see why there was an inevi table conflict between Prussianism and Americanism, who hoped the war would be over "before our boys could get across," now have their vision clarified, j They naturally think that mental pre- j paredness acquired in the last twelve months is a big achievement, and in ', vier.* of what had to be accomplished in that way, what has been done on the material sitie <ji war is all that might reasonably be expected. The man who is patient as he looks at this year's (record had farther to go ' mentally in the last year than the man ' who is impatient. Let us put down a bookkeeping ac- : Continued on Page 4, Column 1 j Haig Huris Enemy Back Along Front Of 15 Miles Teutons Advance Slightly in the Centre Toward Amiens, but Flanks Are Held French Inflict "Cruel Losses" Berlin Now Claims Total of 90,000 Pris? oners and 1,300 Guns Both north and south of the Summe yesterday the German drive for Amiens was checked with heavy loss. The Germans were thrown back i when they attacked .the British on a fifteen-mile front between the Somme and Bucquoy, about half way between Albert and Arras. They pained only a tiny triangle of ground just south? west of Albert. South of the Somme the enemy yes? terday failed to renew his costly attacks of Thursday. The "French gained ground at severa! points? near Mailly-Raineval, southeast of Grivesnes, north of Orvillers Sorel and at Renaud Hill. General Foch declared to the as? sembled war correspondents Thursday night: "All is going well. The German tidal wave is against an embankment and com? pletely stopped. The future will show the full measure of our suc? cess." As a result of the fighting Thursday and Thursday night, the British have retired to just east of Vil lers-Bretonneux, between the Somme and the Luce, giving up a small salient on the south bank of the Somme. The French ap? pear to have withdrawn from the angle of,the Luce and the Avre. They have established their new line just west of Castel. Here the enemy is less than three miles from the Amiens-Clermont-Paris railroad and eight and a half miles from Amiens. A French official statement says '"cruel losses" were inflicted on the storming Germans south of the Somme Thursday: Fifteen divis? ions (180,000 men) were identi? fied. They were thrown forward recklessly. On the other hand, Berlin announces that the Allies resisted "desperately" and their losses were "unusually severe," several thousand being taken pris? oner. Thi prisoners taken so far in the of? fensive, the enemy states, number 90,000 and the guns more than 1,300. The first anniversary of America's declaration of war to-day finds Pershing's veterans either actually in the great battle or in reserve not far from the firing line. Just what units are there or how they will be used cannot be said, but their hour of trial cannot be far of?. British Withstand Blow of Fourteen German Divisions LONDON, April 5.?The Ger? mans have made a formidable effort, probably aimed at getting astride of the Amiens-Paris railway, says Reu ter's correspondent at British head? quarters in France. Thanks to the stubborn resistance,