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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 09, 1918, Image 10

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ZNetu HorR ?Sribune
First fo Last-rthe Truth: News?Editorials
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"Community Value" of Capital
Sometimes a telling phrase illumi?
nates a subject in a way that even
the longest explanation may fail to do.
A year or so ago Mr. Frank A. Vander
]ip gave the country a gentle jar by say?
ing that we are "a nation of economic
It was not especially agreeable to be
told this, but the phrase went home be?
cause it was true. And after a good
deal of talk about "the New Freedom"
it was, on the whole, refreshing.
In a recent article in "The Railway
Age-Gazette" Mr. Vanderlip speaks of
the great need there is that the people
of the country should realize the "com?
munity value" of capital. When our
eye caught the phrase we read "com?
munal value," but it is better as it
stands. In reflecting upon Mr. George
L. Record's communistic campaign for
the Senatorship in New Jersey, and a
flood of similar sentiment, especially in
the South and the West, we think Mr.
Vanderlip has spoken at a timely mo?
What does it mean?this "community
value" of capital? Let us take a very
familiar instance.
A million or so of people ride every
day in the subway. They may, if they
wish, ride from Van Cortlandt Park to
the hither side of Brooklyn for five
cents. How often do we stop to think
of what a wonder it is?
Or how it was achieved?
From just a mechantcal point of view
the whole thing is pretty much an?
swered in on-e word: "STEEL."
You -ide mostly in steel cars, carried
by steel trucks, with steel wheels, roll?
ing on steel rails, diving under East
River through steel and concrete tubes,
and rolling out into The Bronx on steel
girders?the trains drawn by steel mo?
tors, impelled by power generated by
huge steel and copper dynamos.
Let your eye follow the operation on
and on. Thr? electricity is the converted
energy of coal which is landed at the
power station in steel barges, has been
drawn from the mines in steel gondolas,
been lifted up out of the mine by steel
hoists, and mined out of the earth by
steel drills.
In order that the miners, the hoist
ers, the railway men, the barge men
could have food to sustain them in their
work there had to be built a vast net?
work of railways all over the rich grain
fields of the West, to carry ploughs and
harrow-3 and harvesters and motor cars
or horses out to the farmers, and then
haul the grain away.
Practically all this network is of steel,
and likewise the ploughs that turn, the
furrow, the harvesters that gather the
ripe grain, and now even some of the
great elevators which store the product.
And in order that this food should be
cheap and the coal should be cheap, in
order that millions could ride for almost
nothing in the subway, this tremendous-'
ly vital fundament of all modern indus?
trial life?steel?had to be dirt cheap,
as it is.
The network of steel railways in the
United States has cost above 15 or IG
billions, in cash. Wipe out every dollar
of questionable or "watered" stock
which Senator Johnson, of California,
tell? us of upon every occasion, and at
least 15 or 16 billions of cash investment
This railway system is without a rival
in the world, and it furnishes the cheap?
est transportation in the world. On the
average, these railways use up in one
way or another nearly half the steel
output of the country. That output
last year exceeded forty million tors!
The mind cannot grasp it. Try to see a
million tons of molten steel flowing from
| the ladles and passing through the mills.
Then multiply thin forty times. The
mind cannot comprehend it.
This output of steel liad a value last
year of between 2 and 3 billions.* By
the time it was made up into locomo?
tives and steel cars, and steel rails and
steel harvesters? and steel ploughs and
steel drills, it may have readily been
worth 2 billions more.
The total value of all these products
and manufacture? of steel in the last
generation probably exceeded the total
of the nation's taxable wealth in, say,
it would be Impossible to compute
the total capital in vented in all these
?tteJ manufactures, but if v/e take the
average of the big steel corn panic?, we
find that irj,.normal tirnea they turn over
? mo. 1 mo
$2.50 $0:85
1.75 .?J
.75 .?5
$2.50 $10"
1.75 .?0
1.25 .50
$6.00 1*2.00
4.50 1.50
1.75 CO
their total capital about once in two or
| three years. So we might roughly say that
i this total capital is probably not less
! than 8 or 10 billions.
Where did this 8 or 10 billions of
capital come from?
And the 15 billions or more of cash
which built the railways? And the bill?
ions more which ? have developed our
?coal mines and our vast electrical and
j dynamo-building industry? All that mill?
ions may ride ten or fifteen miles in
J the subway for a nickel!
It was from hoarding and saving, and
! this by an astonishingly small number
of people.
The Steel Corporation has now above
I 100,000 shareholders and we know not
? vho\v many bondholders. The Pennsyl
! vania Railroad alone has 70,000 or
; 80,000. So we might readily get the
notion that the number of people who
1 do not put their last dollar into auto
i mobiles and expensive homes and high
living is really quite large.
As a matter of fact, it was-computed
a year or so ago by a prominent Wall
? Street house that the list of actually
| known bond buyers in the United States
did not much exceed 200,000.
One in 500 of the population.
The point is that the holders of Penn?
sylvania stock are likely to own Steel se?
curities as well. How do they get them?
A time comes, of course, to the saving
man when he cannot spend all his income
except by indulging in a scale of extrava?
gance which is utterly foreign and even
repellant to his nature.
Henry Ford or Mr. Rockefeller or Mr.
Carnegie might, if they liked, ride in
trains made out of solid gold and stud
j ded with diamonds and sapphires and
i every kind of precious stone. They
! might bathe in champagne and dine on
peacocks' tongues and drink pearls dis?
solved in wine, as Cleopatra is said to
have done. They could, if they wished,
maintain private retinues of 10,000 or
50,000 men, like the old Earl of War?
wick. There is almost no imaginable
luxury they cannot command.
Instead, they live very simply, with a
few servants, eating quite ordinary and,
in Mi*. Rockefeller's case, quite painfully
abstemious food. And their millions pile
up for the use of the whole community.
The average man in the United States
spends about 07 per cent of his income
on himself and Ids family. ? Mr. Ford or
Mr. Rockefeller or Mr. Carnegie spends I
less than 1 per cent.
The other 09 per cent goes to swell
that fund of loanable and investment
capital which builds the railways and I
opens the coal mines and the iron mines i
to make the steel and build the subways
I which millions daily use. For a nickel!
This is what is meant by the "commu?
nity" value of capital. Every man, wom?
an and child in New York City and New
York State and the United States par?
ticipates directly in its benefit.
Of the immediate situation Mr. Van
derlip observes:
"Economic relations' are being radically
j changed by the pressure of conditions
which** are themselves temporary, and
there is evident danger of reaction when
these conditions disappear. To meet this
situation without disaster industry must
be sustained after the war by large new
investments in constructive work. There
never is full employment for the indus?
tries except when such investments are
being made.
"The almost complete absorption of
surplus incomes bv public loans during ;
the period of the war will throw the
country behind its normal development,
and, in order to recover this lost ground,
as well as to provide immediate employ?
ment for the country's wage earners, it
will bo import-ant promptly to organize
our resources to finance these new opera?
Some day when Mr. Hiram Johnson
and Mr. George L. Record discover a
new Golconda from which the nation's
j and the world's need of capital may be
I supplied these considerations will be
quite useless.
They are very important now.
Society for its material progress re?
quires capital.
Capital cannot be prorluced by magic.
It has got to be saved. Either a few in- j
! dividuals must continue to save it and
continue to be rewarded for doing so by
the system of interest and increment, or !
the state must save it. There is no j
third way.
And when the state begins to save our
capital for us?that is, to practise thrift
for every one-?that will be the beginning \
of the end of the institution of private
property and the beginning also, as we
believe, of an intolerable tyranny
j against which the Bolsheviki would bo
! the first to revolt.
They Are Criminals
This country has witnessed since the
I war began many instances of the naive
vanity, the wrong-headed egotism, of the
? Goldmans, the Berkmans, the Nearings
j and all the "conscientious objectors"
I who have followed them in disloyalty.
! But this entire crew of "radicals" has
i not produced before?it has not even
i imagined?a piece of impudence com
! parable to the formation of a League for
j the Amnesty of Political Prisoners.
The object of this organization is to
; establish a favored class of prisoners?
i namely, those who have been sent to jail
for obstructing the war activities of the
government. It will prepare to have cre?
ated a particular status for disloyalists,
differentiating them from criminals, with
the idea that while in prison they shall
not suffer prison rigors, and that when
the war ends they shall be in line for a
I general pardon or commutation of son
; tence. The inner purpose is to work up
I a sentiment for conscientious objectors,
: draft registers, sabotage artists and anti
i war agitators as a group, on the ground
j that they have suffered for conscience'
; iahe. But those who would be made
! morally respectable by this silly scheme
1 are not "political prisoners." They are
criminals. The United States is not a
fountry where lezc-nnajoftty is recognize'd
as a reason for u juil sentence, so there
exists no possibility of creating a dis?
tinction between disloyalists and crim?
inals. Thieves assail private property.
Disloyalists assail the nation's security.
Resolute Optimism
At a time when the powers of the
German war machine seem at their
optimum, such an utterance as we re?
print in an adjoining column from the
Hon. George E. Roberts, former Director
of the Mint, is of deep reassurance.
"The German military power," says
Mr. Roberts, "will never dictate Aie
terms of peace though her armies should
sweep Europe to the shores of every sea.
"Germany will know no peace or world
intercourse or prosperity at home with
the German name detested in half of
Europe and in all the rest of the world."
The bases of this resolute and clear
eyed optimism are set forth with a calm
faith in the power of ideals which one
does not usually associate with an econo?
mist or financier.
It is very good to read.
Colonel House at Armageddon
Had we a Phidias, what embodiment in
marble might we?not have of that figuro
to whom "The Evening Post" is devoting
j so many of its columns! "In the Arma
! goddon of the World : The Last S.tand of
; Humanity and Civilization Against Au
| tocracy and Barbarism: Colonel E. M.
! House" reads the announcement. And
! the first act of the drama more than
! bears out the prediction.
A trifle cryptic is the style, naturally.
? But the picture we glean is unforget?
table. Most Americans had thought that
President Wilson was not among tho
very first to see and estimate the Greit
War. But that is evidently a complete
mistake. For as early as the fall of 1913
Colonel House and he foresaw it all. Our
! pacific Mexican policy (or was it a little
I more like war?) was astutely planned
in exact relation to known dangers In
Europe. And in May, 1914, Colonel
House was dispatched to Europe for the
express purpose of heading off Arma?
What a scene! Colonel House, with
one foot on the White House portico and
another on the E i fiel Tower, waves back
Armageddon, sternly, emphatically. A
lean, black-coated arm swings eastward
in a warning gesture. The diplomats of /
Berlin, of Petrograd, of London, of
Vienna, shudder in their secret places.
Succeeding articles will no doubt ex?
plain just why that upraised arm failed
to persuade Armageddon. Also why,
failing there, it failed also to warn
America and the Wiiite House of a few
things that have since- become relatively
clear to a great many Americans. But
one pose at a time. Colonel House shak?
ing his linger at .Armageddon surely de
serves place on the frieze of the most
immortal Parthenon we can ever hope
to raise.
Poilus All
Americans have a natural distaste ''.or
insignia?unless it be for insignia like
those of our fraternal societies, which fur?
nish their own comic relief. This dis?
taste is rooted in our early history,
haunted, as it was, by fears of monarchy
and extremely distrustful of all the old
monarchical paraphernalia.
The Constitution does not permit per?
sons in the service of the United States
to accept a present, token, emolument or
title from any king, prince or foreign
state without the consent of Congress
And Congress has always made the
wryest of wry faces over granting such
This prejudice did little harm in the
past. But it is doing harm now. Oui
soldiers are lighting on French soil. The
French government is anxious to show
appreciation of every deed of valor which
comes to its notice. It has already
awarded military decorations to many
Americans. But they are debarred from
accepting or wearing them. They must
wait for an authorization from Congress.
The situation is vexatious. The mili?
tary medal is one of the gi*eat spurs tt
discipline and soldierly spirit. Its be?
stowal is one of the most moving of all
ceremonials. It stirs the soldier's pride
and imagination. Not to allow our men
to share this inspiration with the poilus
is to commit a military folly.
The Senate has passed a bill permit?
ting all American soldiers and sailors to
accept and wear foreign decorations.
The House of Representatives has balked
at passing it. That is a mistake. The
men who serve in this war are entitled
to all-embracing recognition. Let them
wear all the crosses and medals they can
win?French, British or Italian. All are
symbols now of democratic equality ir.
glory and suffering.
The Gambling Soul
The resurgence of gambling under the
Hylan administration and a new "Ro?
senthal case" reveal how thinly the
veneer of the law represses the gambling
instinct of the race. It is truly very
remarkable how great a progress, how?
ever, has been made toward thickening
the veneer.
To-day the Hylan administration is
discredited for permitting the gambling
houses to reopen only to the extent they
have. ?Scarce a generation or two ago
they were open, without let or hindrance
from the law, and with them lotteries
and horse racing and all their like. One
after another they have been suppressed,
and, it is interesting to note, mainly for
business reasons. Gambling is the native
instinct of the infantile soul, which
means that it is a real pleasure to a con?
siderable part of the human race?we had
almost said "to a larger part." This
source of pleasure has been suppressed
and outlawed, partly because of a steady
increase in what may be called "public
virtue," but mainly, wo imagine, because
business reasons aro irresistible.
Husines;-. before pleasure.
We now seem facing "tin equally niter
esting development: The use of beer
and wine is a genuine pleasure to mill?
ions of people. But it is severely frowned
upon by business. And it is threatened
with suppression mainly, we again
imagine, for purely business reasons.
Which seems to imply that soon the
generality of mankind, only a small part
of which takes any real enjoyment in
music or literature or the arts, must gain
| its pleasure, if any, from the pursuit of
i business.
Downfall of Odin
From The Springfield Republican
OF SUGGESTIVE interest'in the midst
of the prosecution of the German
purpose to rule the world are pass?
ages in a speech by Lord Macaulay, deliv?
ered at Edinburgh in 1852, on his return to
Parliament after an absence of five years.
That period had covered the French Revolu?
tion of 1848 and all that it involved of
European overturn, and to those turbulent
happenings he did not fail to refer. Here is
a striking passage in Macaulay's reference-.
For myself I stood again; and though
naturally of a sanguine disposition, I did
not for one moment doubt whether tin
progress of society was not about to be
arrested nay, whether we were not
doomed to pass in one generation from
the civilization of the nineteenth century
to the barbarism of the fifth. I remem?
bered that Adam Smith and Gibbon had
told us that the Dark Ages were gone,
nevermore to return; that modern Europe
was in no danger of the fate which had
befallen the Roman Empire. The Flood,
they raid, would return no more to cover
the earth, and they seemed to reason
justly, for they compared the immense
strength of the enlightened part of the
world with the weakness pi the part which
remained savage, nnd they asked whence
would come the Huns and Vandals who
should again destroy civilization? It had
not occurred to them that civilization
itself might engender the barbarians who
should destroy it. It had not occurred to
them that in the very heart of great capi?
tals, in the neighborhood of splendid pal?
aces and churches and theatres and
libraries and museums, vice and ignorance
might produce a race of Huns fiercer than
those who marched under Attila and of
Vandals more bent on destruction than
those who followed Genseric.
Such possibility was not detected by
Adam Smith and Gibbon, or other historians
and statesmen, but how far easier the pro?
jection of what came in that time than the
realization in our day that the Kultur of
Germany would produce what we have seen
and are seeing. Macaulay rooted the peril
of his time in vice and ignorance; we have
found it in perverted education and arro?
gance that is not of Christ. The disorders
whereat Macaulay stood aghast are less re?
volting and more in the natural order of
things than the brutal excesses and ordered
cruelty that accompany and mark with sav?
agery and slaughter unsurpassed the scheme
of conquest in which Emperor William
glories and for which he seeks partnership
with his God.
"Whence were to come the Huns and the
Vandals who should again destroy civiliza?
tion?" They have come to us out of Ger?
many and threaten to reach to the United
States. What a staggering chapter of his?
tory is being made before our eyes! Again
the challenging tines: ion has come. Is civil?
ization to lie saved? "A war between Odin
and Christ." Elihu Root says this is, and
as "by their works ye shall know them," so
it is. "It is a struggle for the overthrow of
the maintenance of all the progress that the
. civilization of a century has ?nade toward
Christianity." In the light of what has
happened in this war, there is possible to
the fair minded no other conclusion than
that, in this situation, infinitely moro dis
j turbing than that which .Macaulay re
! viewed, the United States has taken its place
! with Christ for the downfall of Otlin.
Kitchener of Khartoum
Al> England in her wide domain
Belted by Seven Seas
Xo sacred spot to build his fane
Or chant his obsequies?
No,?ho is Mine!
Saith Fame,
Xot Westminster's immense and storied
No earthly sepulchre so vast but 't were
too small
To hold his greatness all,
To tomb the ashes of my Solaier-Son '
And the glory be hath won.
The Seven Seas shall coffin him
And the glory he hath won.
The rocking icebergs mourned
With snowy foreheads bared,
Curved to the zenith Arctic lights
Their funeral torches flared,
The borealis tossed on high
Her crimson arms to heaven,
The depths of the sea were agiiast and
And the heart of the floods wa*s riven;
A roar, a mighty flame
Split wide the shuddering wave
And grandly went Lord Kitchener
Down to his ocean grave!
Lament for Kitchener
Ye Seven Seas!
Stretch linked watery hands around the
And let your lamentations span the globe?
Lament for Kitchener!
Seas of the South, uprear your thunderous
Upon the coasts of mourning Africa;
For in her torrid heart,
Sowed by intrepid men
And watered with their blood,
Tho Red Flower of our Hero's glory
Lament for Kitchener
Ye Western waters!
Reverently and soft, with little lingering
About the green nnd pleasant Island Home
He loved and lived und died forl
His warrior heurt is mingled with your
And when the storm-winds shout,
Loud trumpeting against tho rocky shores
It in the voice of Kitchener, who calls
And bids you hold
Against the world,
Tho old, majestic England that ho loved
And lived and died for.
For he is Mine,
Saith Fame!
Proud Seven Seas, ye have his mortal part,
Let England shrine
I't-'-p in lier faithful heart
The honor and glory of hi; o.im; !
?From The Cleveland Plain Dealer
Ha?e Will Kill Germany
Though her armies swept Europe to every sea, still she could not win.
?j the Hon. Ccorge E. Roberts, in the National City Banc's Monthly Economic Letter.
THE German authorities Lave frankly
staked everything on this effort. They
have declared that this is to be the
? decisive blow, have rallied their armies by
; reinforcements and cheered the country
. with the hope of early peace as the result
' of victory. If they fail to break through
after doing their utmost, and after endur?
ing the terrible losses which they must, suf?
fer, the disappointment will be bitter and
. the loss of morale inevitably great. The
; United States will become a constantly more
formidable factor in the situation, and the
possibility of German victory will grow
more and more remote and improbable.
If the worst should happen and the Ger
I mana should su'ecced in ('riving a wedge
1 between the French and English armies, and
even established their superiority on
land for a time, they would be still a long
i way from a position where tin y could
dictate a peace to suit their ambitions, for
command of the sea would remain with the
United States and Great Britain.
! No Peace
There will be no peace, no matter what
! occurs on the continent of' Europe, until
I the purposes for which the United Stales
i entered the war are realized. They will
be realized, not alone because the people
I of the United Slates will stand immov?
ably for them, but because the whole world
outside of Germany and her three allies
will stand for them.
Those purposes do not involve the sub?
jection of the German nation or its exclu
si??ri from opportunity in the world of trade
and industry; that has been sufficiently reit?
erated. Tiny cali for the vindication of
certain principles of public right, which
' were violated by the ultimatum to Serbia,
! by the attack upon Belgium and by the
! violation of neutral rights upon the high
The world outside of the offending na
i tions is one in its judgment upon these
: acts, and the German military power will
J.. never dictate the terms of peace, though
her armies should sweep Europe to the
i shon 3 of every sea. The United States
! can live without Germany, and, if need be,
I even without Europe, but Germany will
I know no peace or world intercourse or
prosperity a) home with the German name
detested in half of Europe and all the rest
of the world. She will have to send lier
war chiefs to the rear before she finds
| Locked Gttt
Every utterance front a business source
| in Germany emphasizes the necessity foi?
ra peace that will give her access to raw
materials for her industries a:ul markets
for her products. These wants will not
be satisfied by any campaign she can make
in France. If the people of Germany tire
cherishing any such hop- they had better
Let U.s Kick Ourselves
I From The Bismarck Tribuni i
Washington has been, for many months,
under tremendous mental strain. The in?
vestigations into the war management de?
partments and the expo.unes of undoubte !
but perhaps unavoidable weaknese3 and
failures, here and there, have not con?
tributed to mental p.use. On top of thir
condition was piled the fact of Germany's
astonishing progress in her great drive, anc
it is not at all remarkable that Washing?
ton's mental equilibrium was upset.
Indeed, the country in general was more
or less "rattled." The folks had so well
known how much depended upon them, thej
had worked so hard, given so much, an.
yet, when the great'drive came and the
armies of Britain and France fell back, mil?
after mile, America apparently counted st
very little in the matter! Many a gooi
patriot felt lik-j going out behind the ban
or into the garage to weep, or to curse ever*,
man or mi asure that ha3 contributed a?
hour to America's delay.
"Too Intel" said the Kaiser, upon our do?
daring war. That has yet to be demon
strated. ii'if even in the great drive w<
were nol all igother too late. Wo were it
it. Our engineers, our railroaders, our mu
nltions, our wheat, helped the Allies whei
they fell back in good order, backed then
when thoy made n stand and held fa (. \\'i
were actors on the stage without Bjieakini
parts, as it might be put, but we were In i<
and our part was. Important and glorious
Let us, as does the United States S?nate
kick ouraelvos, good and plenty, over ilu
fact that We were not in it with all oui
might and main! It will speed us up, "The
bluea" in u psychological condition.
i be done with it at once; they are wasting
their armies for a decision that will never
come. The only effect will be to deepen
the resolution of the United States, quicken
the recruiting of its armies and its ship
* yards and stimulate the concentration of
its energies, while the bonds between tho
Allied nations and all the peoples of the
An riens and Asia will grow stronger.
There is nothing in the situation to
swerve the people of the United States.
The loss of life occurring and to bo antici
, pated is terrible, but this war has become
too grave in its significance for men to
weigh their own lives in the balance
: against all for which they contend. They
are only concerned about the ultimate out
? corne, and that the war shall achieve perma
? nent results.
Moral Values
The intangible values which are the moral
1 heritage of the race are the only values
worth thinking of now. Shall we pass
i what we have received of them down unim
; paired, and with contributions of our own?
Dcstruet:on of property is of no signifi?
cance, a check to material progress is noth?
ing, the erection of new brick or steel
i buildings can wait?although if that is a
| consideration this country was never mak
; ing industrial progress as fast as at this
! time, because it is working under stimulus
I and is more r?ceptive than ever to new
i ideas.
Ideas, at. last, are the only things that
endure. The wealth inherited from the
past i soon torn down cr burned to bo
rid of it. Tins is one of the great crises
of the world's history, a period which, if
nobly borne', will stand out through all time
for the enlightenment and inspiration of
mankind. How we bear ourselves toward
. the issues involved, rather than how much
i money is spent or how many lives it costs,
i will be the mutter of concern to our chil
, dren's children.
: An Example
What citizen of Holland to-day deplores
; the co.-t of the glorious struggle, covering
nearly three generations cf almost continu
, ous warfare, which established her liber?
ties and did so much to advance the cause
of liberty throughout the world? The peo
! pie of Holland might 'nave had peace to
pursue the trade and industries in which
they were so marvellously proficient if only
' they hail been satisfied not to contend for
certain rig/its and belief:", but from gen?
eration to generation they rejected peace
j on those terms.
Moreover, their history indicates that
I the proficiency and success which they at
I tained in the arts and trades were due to
1 that same vigor and independence of mind
| which led them to contend for their lib
I orties against almost hopeless odds. The
relationship is vital. Without the charac?
ter to fight for ideals, there is no founda?
tion for success of any kind.
Failure of a Great Idea
(.From The Indianapolis .Y.irst.
The poets and others, mainly others,
have sung of the virtue.; and blessings of
: sleep. No class of men guards sleep us
carefully as the doctors.
Some one, with a!? the wise theories of
; advertising, decided to mail his little c-.ill
i for business to the medical men of Indian
I apolis. Ho spent a large sum getting up
some real snappy stuff. lie figured out all
the psychology and personal appeal, with _':;
of the big "I" stuff lie could, and then some.
lie laid pians'to reap a harvest. lie did?
Ills good money went to the printer. More
went to Uncle Sam for stamps. This wise
ad writer put a special delivery stamp on
each of his letters.
Result: The doctors of Indianapolis were
awakened about l a. m. to sign for a bunch
of printed matter. Every doctor semi says ho
tore up the booklet and with curses deposit?
ed the unro-ttd pieces in the waste paper
la: ket or el nowhere.
With groans and harsh words the medi?
cal men went, back to bed. It was n great
The Helpful Hen in Emporia
{From Tin- Emporta Qwsetle)
Last Saturday Tho Helpful 11?'.1, now can?
onised by the United Slates food admin?
istration, enabled runners living in Era
poria's ?mmediato territory to take borne
with them in one day more than $3,500 in
Emporia money.
With the Enemy
7he New YorkJrlbvi,
Foreign Pre,., B??
In reply to recent complaints bronrt?,
against Hungary by Germans beta?.
Hungary is selling very little foodstuff! to
Germany, Prince Ludwig Windisch^j,,
the Hungarian Food Controller, in <_ ^,7/
ment to the German press, declare^ ?a.?
Hungary has juat enough food for her ow'
people and has no surplus which 8he could
export to Germany. He said that Hurt-*?,
had a considerable surplus at harvest _?_?
but that on account of commercial specs',
tions the surplus had disappeared, J*.
promises that in the future he will contTO
the food markets so that '.here will be >
surplus left for export to Germany.
"I wish to deny the story," the Hun?,
rian Food Controller said, "that there sr?
any surpluses in Hungary, and that there',
any food that can be sold to an allied and
friendly country without any serious injBr,
to the provisioning of our own people. I
*.vish to explain the reasons why there is
a shortage of provisions in Hungary. ^
thorough system of provisioning can only
be introduced at the beginning of harvest
time, when the government can lay ?t$
hands upon the various agricultural
products. That Hungary has at present no
surplus of agricultural product?, althou?h
the present year has been more productif.*,
than the last, is due to the fact that thj
provisioning policy hitherto employed ir,
Hungary has failed. Namely, the cereals
have been left to free commerce, and eon
sequently they have disappeared from thi
market. Now this surplus is in part eith'e
being concealed or in the hands of dealers
in contraband.
"As I have only recently become foo*
controller, I intend to enter into cooper?,
tion with my Austrian and Cern?an col
leagues. This will enable us to form a
common economic general staff, which will
help to establish a single front in pro.
visioning during the present year."
The "Vossische Zeitung," of Berlin,plead*
for the German-American Alliance of tie
United States and writes that the alliance
ought not be disbanded, for the following
"The German-American National Alii,
anee, which has more than two million
members, does not deserve to be disbanded.
Up to the moment of the declaration ot
war the German-American Alliance bravely
fought against the jingoism of Wilson and
offered a strong front against the stupid
hatred of Germany. Since April 6, 1917, it
has been more patriotic even than the
British-Americans. Its president, Dr. Herta
mer, of Philadelphia, immediately after
America's entrance into the war directed
an appeal to the members of the alliance
which was interpreted as a summons to
the German population to form German
regiments which would be sent to French
battlefields. Hexamer, it is true, issued
?statements denying such an interpretation
of the appeal, but the bitter taste still re?
mains on the tongue. Also, it is sad that as
the main witness there appears a German.
Already two years ago Gustav Ohlinger
wrote a book, under the title 'Their True
Faith and Allegiance/ in which he dis?
cusses the hackneyed chantar about the
double citizenship of German-Americans
and brands the national alliance as the
reservoir of all treason of the fatherland,
Also, other Germans have contributed their
share to the stalte at which the National
Alliance is to he burned r.r.d will be
The great extent to which the closing
dow.-i of factories has taken place in Ger?
many owing to the war is shown by a letter
of .-i manufacturer to the "Norddeutsch?
Allgemeine Zeitung." The letter says:
"Out of 1,700 spinning and weaving mill
only seventy are still running at high
pressure, while in the boot and shoe indus?
try 1,400 factories have been amalgamated
into ,300. In the oil industry fifteen fac?
tories working at high pressure nave beea
forn.ed out of the 720 works previously ex?
isting. In the silk industry the number of
spindles has been reduced from 45,000 to
ONDON. March 20.?Beef-eating Brit?
ain has turned to fish es a war sub?
stitute for the large, juicy slices off
the joint. More fish is being ."-?.ten hereto
day than at any time in the last hundred
years. Not only the workingman,' who B
pre-war days made a meal off a palrof ires
herrings or kippers, but the banker, 'r
broker, the politician, considers bims?*
fortune.-e when he has a couple of thess
bony fish for lunch.
The war has deait the British fishing?;
dustry a frightful blow. Eighty per cer:
of the hardy fishermen who in 1914 brave:
the rough weather in the North Sea and^?
the west and southwest coasts of Ird*^
and 90 per cent of the stanch little ??*?*??
trawlers used in the industry me now :??
government service. The unprecedenW
prices fish are bringir.g seem rene too Mj
when it is remembered that praetic*jJ
every fish caught is at the risk of the 35 *
crmar.'s iife. .
Ail the waters around the British If?
are thick with mines planted by the Brio"
as well is the enemy. During stormi*^
of them break away from their ?<?***"?
and become a menace to navigatK?^"
they are secured or exploded. It ?s >n ,"|
waters that the British fishenncn g?*1*
their harvest, and not even the ?:?'',ieri,a
the first line trenches go through 0?
thrilling experiences. .:*,
Fish pie is a poor substitute for Eng
beef and mutton, but then, as the Krl
say, "there is a war on."
Hog Island Benefits Phi!a*_eJp*-*?
iFrom The Phil ?" ? ' ^
Hog Island has bro . I :" ?',
to Philadelphia Ih in pi i pcrity ???
storm of words. Plans - B0Jg,
to be buii?. under ??;? v< j*ftffl?
in the new community of Elmwood M*
werkers of the Emergency *"'!,'ot<C0,?J'?r.
tion show the great value oi a litt**? ^e
nation and foresighl in relation ^
housing problem. Tie dwelling **jg|
wood will be modest in sue and c? ^
within the roach ot' a workin?:"'?? *? -??0
ordinary salary. Vet they will b6 ?,
ugly nor monotonous nor ','lv';1\ u?,j S*
suggestions of grnciousness that --1' ^
in every home/ This is because *<>*
directed systematically by e\r?'"'s- ?{ ?j
The community of Eimwood vyl?en m
completed should be at: '?" ?routi?'
builders who have alwuys io'lowe-d w^
methods in developing ; ' itr'" ;',.ic!1t *r
of the city and neglected the eXi? ^
amples presented to them m ;sMt?*
communities that have come ?T':*> * \n
so rapidly elsewhere in i-v't.? > !1', J'l
spouse to the general require???
better social consciousness.

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