you^bu^Ljberty bonds you show patriotism and common sense combined.
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER.
-USED IN THE TRIBUNE
Vol. LXXYHI No. 26,082
'Jacob H, ScW
Tho Tribune Ass*n]
First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
SUNDAY, APRIL 14, 1918-SEVEN PARTS-SIXTY-TWO PAGES
fair to-day and to-morrow. Bhow?y
rising temperature to-morrow.
Light northwest winds.
Foil Report on Ttuto 17
FIVE CENTS ?V5,
Fast; Gain at Some Points;
Loan in 6 Days
Hew York District Doing
Better Than Rest of
Share of City
flight Falling Off Here
Gain Is Shown
The picture of hundreds of thou-1
studs of American proving their faith
fu their Republic is revealed in official
stt&scription figures of the first six
days of the third Liberty Loan cam
p?jgn. Throughout the land the ap- \
?Mil of America for fighting dollars
?a being heard. The sum of $580,734,- ?
OSO has already been pledged, according
to the total announced yesterday in
Wwhington by the Treasury Depart?
.New York and the rest of the Sec?
ond Federal Reserve District has given
$238,072,450 of the national total, which -
iaeludes eleven of the twelve Reserve
districts?all except Minneapolis. The
gain in this district over the aggre?
gate announced yesterday is $31,512,
350, which is less than the average for j
the first ?six days of the drive. The j
Mtiou? increase over the figures of j
??previous day is 8128,990,450, which j
rt&e?s the average sum pledged in the !
nrst six days.
In the way of filling th? daily share |
ci the entire quota for the four weeks j
the Second Federal Reserve District is j
still doing better than the rest of the j
country considered as a whole. Fig- ?
aied on the basis of its official mini
mam quota of $900,000,000, the New
York district would need only an ag?
gregate of $216,000,000 for six days.
N<tw York Has Exceeded Quota
She has gloriously exceeded this, but
?as not been transforming money into
henda at a rate rapid enough to sub?
scribe the daily share of the quota of
11,580,000,000 which the district has
allotted to itself. To attain this j
smotint, which is half of the minimum ;
national quota, the Second Federal Ke- !
?erre District should have already !
Although the daily totals for the na- j
*?n are increasing relatively as well !
?s absolutely each day, the rest of the
districts outside the Second Federal Re- j
serre, considered as a whole, are run- ?
?iiif behind their quota requirements, j
In six days $720,000,000 should have ;
Aa Liberty Loan workers view the '
situation, the fact that the totals each j
day ?re an improvement over the previ- :
?M day ?3 exceedingly encouraging. In |
th? ?econd loan campaign the response
?? the country at first was slight, in- ?
deed, compared with the whirlwind j
finish. The total for this campaign so I
t*t exceeds that for the same period ;
?the drive last October. This is in
accordance with the desire of the Lib?
erty Loan advocates to make the col- I
?eetive effort to oversubscribe the great |
issue continue during the entire four i
A comparison of what the cities in ?
??Second Federal Reserve District!
e**e done in these six days compared '
??th the first six days of the cam- j
iWgn last October shows a tremendous ,
??Parity in favor of the present loan. '
???unofficial estimate of the number of !
?oweribers in this distrjet for the first !
Sn&i* ***e campaign has been placed '?
?i ?00,000, but representatives of the |
i?y- Loan Committee declared this
'Pitt in all probability was too low.
Subscriptions in Other Districts
fJ?*po,rt8 f)t the totat xubscriptions ?
g? the other districts follow:
?u?"<1.. 42.348 000
1?*$^-'* . 39,627|000
fc1* . 9,307:550
Y* . 3,307,650
A centre for all Liberty Loan activi- i
g? for tue reat of the campaign was '?
rmtd ia?t nisrht at the 69th Regiment
2">?7- It is called "Liberty Land,"
j? ?s a dixplay of the tools of war.
jT ? oiaplay will *.how ever-/ item, in
?? ?kPment of an Am-ncan goldi'er,
ke?* ?i" co"t ar"* an explanation of j
safL. j I"J?-<:hase of Liberty bond,;!
tk?C^r Lhe nat?on's soldiers, and i
Ct*?<l" thus really become fighting '
SuXnt'", TLhc ':;<''ibit wi" be open
W\J? J of the w':<ik except Sunday,
pother highlight in yesterda/s I
tki-M t i v'?ua]'Z? the meaning of a
ft???i'*"r,-y Uan WM the Jtalian
Thi ?t -'/a,j"n at Washington Square.
W.?lr?,? /ta!y at war v'a? ????<> In-1
fcil tt ? 7 *l"*k*r* at the Liberty
JJSt, L^trty Hank and the Liberty '
*?* York City's Contribution
f*4,.litrX/Jltli] ?nnoun?!?'! for the 2d
Cu* "*?erv* District, New York ,
K2*.u>nt/il?ut*d ?IM-01'i.-IOO. The
P* *t th? statistics follow**:
UKW YO?t? CITY
??J*H* of the Liberty Loan nam
H ?* fatten 8 and <J.
Page 6, Part III
Our own Bolsheviki. A close-up; human picture of
the I. W. W. leaders at Chicago.
Page I. Part III
H?LAIRE BELLOC tells why the Kaiser cannot stop.
Strategy of the Picardy battle illuminated.
Page 8, Part. VI
German arsenals in New York. Another sensational
instalment of the revelations of C. Pilenas, late of
Page 3, Part III
Poll of the country's educators on the best man for
Superintendent of Schools in New York.
Gift From Kaiser,
Interned by U. S.
Eyesore to Patriots Dumped
From Pedestal Into Cellar
at War College
WASHINGTON, April IS.?Washing?
ton witnessed an official exhibition of
hate to-day. ?
The Kaiser's gift to the nation in
memory of his fighting ancestor, a
bronze statue of Frederick the Great,
was rudely plucked from its exalted
pedestal in front of the War College
and rolled and bumped down the cellar
steps of the Army Building, where it
will no longer serve as a daily irritant
to those who prefer not to exalt Ger?
many or Germans.
The official removal of the image of
the German war lord was cheerfully
performed by a crew of army engineers,
While the dethroning was in progress
army officers who have been compelled
to pass the statue as they entered the
building each day hummed "The Star
About 10 o'clock this morning the re?
moval gang began its work. A large
frame was constructed and placed a few
feet to the rear of the statue. One
end of a guide rope was placed about
the head of Frederick and a heavy rope
placed around the waist, so that block
and tackle could be used to hoist the
statue from its pedestal. ,
Removed to Storeroom
When everything was ready the word
was given and the soldiers began to
pull. The statue was lifted from its
pedestal and the feet, toes forward and
turned upward, fanned the breeze, and
the statue was soon dangling in the air.
It was then securely braced and tied to
the frame and removed to a cold and
damp corner in a storeroom of the'War?
College. ? '
It was the second instance in the
history of the country that the War
Department had ordered the removal
of a statue. The tirst was in the Revo?
lutionary War, when the statue of
George III, at New York, was melted
It was authentically stated that sev?
eral months ago a stick of dynamite
was found under the coattail of the
statue. Discussions have resulted in
the Senate and in the House of Repre?
sentatives as to the merit of allowing
the statue to remain while this coun?
try was at war with Germany. The
discussions were carried on through?
out the country, and the President is
understood to have instructed that the
statue be removed.
Suggestions for t.'se of Statue
Many suggestions as to the disposal
of the statue have been made. One
was that a-slit be made in it for the
reception of money for war work, such
as the Red Cross, Y? M. C. A. or the
Knights of Columbus. Another sug?
gestion was that it be mf-lted into bul?
lets, as was the King George statue,
and sent back into the German lines
at the front.
The statue, which weighs 1,400
pounds, was presented to this country
in November, 1904. It stood ten feet
high on its pedestal and was the first
to be erected on the War College ter?
Bolsheviki Try to
Convert U. S. Marines
Illy a. Japarie-.n Corr?tK)n<lcnU
SAN FRANCISCO, April 13.?The
Bolsheviki at Vladivostok have started
a propaganda among the American,
Japanese and British marines and sail?
ors who are there, according to a Tokio
dispatch to Japanese papers here.
The Holsheviki are trying to convert
the "barbarous" sailors of the Entente
na-vicH to Bolshevism by ?scattering c-lo
fiufiit circulars among thern. One is:
"if you receive orders to bombard
Vladivostok, we hope you will not
shoot. Because, if you open lire, you
arc; going to kill your own brethren,
who ure wiser and more enlightened
than you. If 'the Radicals in Russia
win the final victory, the workingrnen
of the whole world wilt win the vic?
tory. That takes away the economic
d<-f?-cU mid will make the present
world, which is hell, into a laboring
The circular concludes wi'th the ex?
"Gentlemen, don't be the tool of the
Th?. Tokio dispatches add that the
Bolsheviki are trying to exten<) their
propaganda ??motil? the workingrnen in
? hi- Ignited State?. A number of Hol
i-t?'-viki ur" even now making their way
t ft rough Japan to the Ih.ited States
just for this missionary work among
th<-, laboring class in America.
| Meeting All Needs,
11,000 Rifles Made Daily,
He Tells Security
Defence of the Administration's
I achievements in providing American
1 troops with the necessaries of war and
? optimistic predictions regarding the
! measure of assistance which American
arms will soon be able to accord the
Allies featured the addresses made
yesterday at the luncheon of the Na?
tional Security League at the Hotel
Colonel Samuel McRoberts, of the
ordnance bureau of the War Depart?
ment, who was vice-president of the !
National City Bank of New York, jn
reviewing the achievements of his bu?
reau sirfce this country entered the
war, declared that the production of
munitions had reached a scale suffi
ciently large to supply, all contem?
Senator Warren G. Harding, of Ohio,
a member of the Senate Committee :
on Commerce and Naval Affairs, re
j counted what he termed the gratify
ing accomplishments of the Shipping
Board in meeting the ship shortage.
Senator Robert L. Owen, of Oklahoma,
chairman of the Senate Committee on
Currency and Banking, emphasized the
nation's response to the government's
financial requirements and declared
there need be no fear that America
will not contribute every dollar re?
quired to win the war.
Seven hundred members and guests
! of the National Security League ap
. plauded the speakers. Frederic R.
Coudert was chairman. Colonel Mc
? Roberts evoked the greatest response
when^ho declared a Minister of Muni
j tions to be unnecessary in view of the
successful operation of the existing
1 munitions producing organization.
What the Bureau Has Done
The achievements of the ordnance
| bureau since Anril last were detailed
? by him at length. Summarized they
j arc as follows:
American factories, formerly en
! gaged on British rifles, have been
adapted to the manufacture of a
modified British weapon superior to
any used by our allies. Contracts
for 2,.500,000 have been let; 1,050,000
have been delivered, and production
has reached as high as 11,250 a day ?
! a world's record.
An adequate rifle supply for 1919
I is assured, and one rifle factory is
j now being diverted to the manufact
j ure of machine guns, contracts for
1100,000 of which have been let. Sev?
enty-five thousand machine guns have
been delivered to the troops.
On million three hundred and fifty
? thousand automatic pistols have been
| contracted for; 264,000 have been Ae
i livered and over-production is in
? sight. *
j Of small arms ammunition, 3,500,
i 000,000 rounds hf*ve been contracted
' for. Two hundred and seventy million
i rounds ^vere produced in March, and
\ production now has reached greater
proportions than have been nttuincd
in Kngland or France.
Contracts amounting to more than
$500,000,000 have been let for the
manufacture of-various types of field
and heavy artillery. All the 1919
artillery needs of the army are now
More than 40,000 motor vehicles
! have been contracted for and they aro
i being delivered faster than they can
: he shipped.
Shell Delivery Disappointing
Seventy million dollars' worth of
shells of all calibres have been or?
dered. Deliveries have been disap?
pointing, due to the shortage of fuel
and the resultant drop in steel pro?
duction. Five million shells, however,
were delivered in March.
Six hundred and fifty million
pounds of explosives are in process
of manufacture, and two smokeless
powder plants of a capacity of 1,
300,000 pounds a day are being built.
More than ?5100,000,000 has been
spent in trench warfare material, in?
cluding hand grenades, rockets and
signal lights. An Immense plant has
been built by the government to tako
Continued on laut pype, Column S
U. S. Troops
Win Trench in
j Pershing's Men Charge Foe
While Teuton Guns
| Fire Shot for Shot
In All-Day Battle
I Displacements Shot Away,
Guns Keep on "Work?
ing Like Hell"
LONDON, April 13.?In a re
1 newal of the engagement in Apre
i mont Forestj it was officially' an
| nounced in Paris to-day, French and
American troops repeatedly threw
! back the assaulting Germans and
finally by a counter attack drove the
enemy from a small part of the front
; line that had been seized.
j The Fi-ench statement follows:
"In the forest of Apremont the
1 Germans renewed their attacks on
| the French positions in Brule Wood.
! The American troops in this sector,
| in conjunction with the French, vig
? orously combated and broke the
i greater part of the German efforts.
j At one point where the Germans ob
j tained a footing they were thrown
j out by a French counter attack. The
I number of prisoners taken since yes
I terday is more than forty."
j The Berlin official statement says
"Between the Mouse and the Mo?
selle reconnoitring detachments pen?
etrated the French and American
tronches and took prisoners. In un?
successful counter attacks the enemy
suffered heavy losses."
F oe Back at T oui
In All-Day Fight
Illy Tha Associated I?ress]
j WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY
IN FRANCE, April 13.-?Yester?
day's battle was the first all-day
struggle in which the American
! troops have been engaged. Two
German attacks, which were deliv
I ered in force against the American
; positions northwest of Toul, wer?
j repulsed with heavy casualties to th?:
I enemy, including thirty-six prison
' ers left in the hands of the Ameri
i cans. The American losses wert
The fighting began with one oi
the meat violent bombardments evei
laid down in that sector. During
Thursday night the Germans kepi
' up a harassing fire, throwing manj
I gas shells into the American posi
J tion. The first attack began a1
; about 6 o'clock in the morning, anc
j was directed against the French
j troops on the left flank of the Amer
| ican forces in the Forest of Apre
! Foe Driven Into Open
| While this was going on th?
! American troops made a counter at
i tack on the German line, moving
j forward behind a perfect curtain o
j fire. The enemy, driven out of hi.'
I trenches, was forced to fight in th<
A deadly machine gun and auto
'., matic rifle fire was poured into th<
j enemy, who offered stubborn resist
| anee at first, but later retreated t.<
\ his second line, hotly pursued by th?
; American troops. Desultory fight
! ing continued for several hour?..
The Germans again attacked a
j 11 o'clock at a point further to th?
j right. The American barrage fir?
j cut them off, but the German offi
| cers drove their men through th?
j exploding shells until a few succeed
ed in penetrating the America)
front line. ,
Americans Attack Again
A counter attack which was im
mediately launched by the Amcri
cans ejected the enemy, drving hin
back to his positions. The struggl
continued to sway back and fort)
for several hours.
While the action was at its heigh
the commander of an American ma
Continued on page S column S
A GERMAN CASUALTY
French and British
Every Hour Lessens Ger?
many's Chance of Break?
WASHINGTON, April 13.?Both
French and British reinforcements are j
reaching Haig's army in Flanders,!
which now is in a strong position to
meet further German attacks, Major
General James D. McLachlan, British
military attach? here, said to-night:
"As things stand the Germans have
scored," said General McLachlan, "but
not so heavily as 'they would have liked
to have done. They have won no de?
cisive victory, and each hour that their'
advance is delayed makes it less like?
ly that they will. They are in a posi
tion not very different from tha't which
they occupied at the end of the first,!
and what may be called mobile, stage <
of the preceding battle for Amiens.
By their drive at Amiens the Ger
mans hoped to separate the British '
from the French army. Their attack
between the Ypres Canal and La Bassee
is as clearly meant to divido the Brit?
ish army, roll it up and pene'trate to '
the coast of the English Channel. In j
the battle for Amiens their attack was
stopped upon the northern portion of '
the line between Arras and Albert. In |
the present battle their northern flank,:
while bending back the Bri'tish line, ?
has similarly failed in its object.
"The country between Wytschacte \
and La Bassee back to Ilazebrouck is i
in the nature of a shallow basin sur
rounded by high ground. Into this j
basin the Germans have penetrated to a
maximum depth of about ten miles and '
on a front of about fifteen miles be- i
tween Ploegsteert Wood and La Bassee,
but they have failed to force the Brit- !
ish from the hills stretching west from !
Wytschaete.and at the south end of their !
attack have been held on the line Fes
tubert, GiVenchy and Hulluch, and have i
thus been kept from Bethune, which j
was their immediate objective in that ?
"These two failures leave them, in ?
spite of all their gains in the centre,
in an uncomfortably narrow salient,
dominated by higher ground in the
hands of the British.
"The British are, in fact, in a strong
position to meet further attacks, which
are bound to come. Their own and
French reinforcements are reaching
them, and behind them they have the
lino of hills running from Wytschaete.
"To achieve a success that will com?
pensate them for the losses incurred
by the great number of divisions (.over
twenty) used in the initial attack, the
Germans will, moreover, have not only
to occupy those heights, but to press
on through tho country hchind, which
is undulating and broken, and the de- i
fensive qualities of which the British j
commander in chief is not likely to
Concrete Ship Plan
To Cost $50,000,000
Appropriation Measure to Go
to House Monday; Early
WASHINGTON, April 13.?President
Wilson has approved Chairman Hur?
ley's request for $50,000,000 to build
concrete ships. A recommendation
that this amount be appropriated was
sent to Secretary McAdoo some days
ago, with the indorsement of the
White House. It will be presented to ;
Chairman Sherley of the House Ap?
propriations Committee Monday.
The chairman of the Shipping Board !
has an appointment witn Chairman j
Sherley at noon. He will urge that the |
concrete ship appropriation be given
immediate consideration and that $15,- j
000,000 of the amount be made avail?
able at once.
It is hoped <hat the House will act
favorably on the proposal immediate?
ly. Assurances have been given the
Shipping Board that the Senate will
act with dispatch as soon as the mes?
sage reaches that body of Congress.
The Shipping Board had already,
planned to construct launching ways
for three 3,500-ton concrete vessels. ;
It was planned to build ways for the
7,500-ton type later. But with this
large appropriation in sight. Chairman
Hurley said rush work would be begun
immediately at the projected plant in
Wilmington, N. C.
2 American Airmen Get
New War Service Cross
(By Tue Associated Tres?]
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN !
FRANCE, April 13.?Captain James
Norman Hall and Lieutenant Paul
Frank Bair, members of the American
aerial forces on this front, to-day were
awarded the distinguished service cross.
They are the first American aviators to
receive this new military distinction.
The official citation says Captain Hall
on March '26 attacked a group of five
enemy single-seater machines and
three enemy two-seaters while he was
leading an aerial patrol of three ma?
chines. He himself destroyed one and
forced down two others, which were
Lieutenant Bair on March 11 attacked
single handed a group of seven enemy
pursuit machines, destroying one,
which crashed to the ground near the |
French line northeast of Rheims. On
March 10 he attacked two enemy two
seaters, one of which fell in flames.
Since March 1 Lieutenant Bair has
driven down six enemy machines, three
of which are officially credited to him.
Captain Hall's home is in Colfax,
Iowa, and Lieutenant Bair's in Mobile,
93 German 'Planes
Shot Down in Day
By Allied Airmen
British Wing 62 Machines
and Lose Only 12?Tons
of Bombs Dropped
LONDON, April 13.?The following
official statement on aerial operations
was issued to-night:
"Atmospheric conditions were favor?
able Friday and a great concentration
of our machines was effected on the
battlefront. A large number of low
flying machines were employed in
bombing and sweepis??; with machine
gun fire roads packed with enemy
troops. Thirty-six tons of bombs were
dropped and over 110.000 rounds of
? ammunition were fired.
"In the meantime other formations,
! flying at a greater height, engaged the
I enemy planes which were extremely
I lively in this sector. Forty German
machines were brought down and
twenty others were brought down out
of control. Two were brought down
by gunfire. Twelve of ours are miss?
Bombs Dropped on Douai
"Incessant bombing was carried out
between dark and dawn. Over twenty
two tons were dropped on the Douai
railway station and roads leading to
the battlefront in tne neighborhood o?
The intense air activity of the French
was described in a Paris official state?
ment to-day as follows:
"On April 12 our airplanes displayed
great activity along the whole front
particularly in the regions of th?
Somme and the Oise. Oar pursuit ma?
chines carried out more than 350 sor?
ties and fought 120 engagements. Eight
enemy airplanes were-brought down;
twenty-three others fell within theii
own lines, seriously damaged. Fivi
enemy captive balloons were set or
fire; five others, pierced by bullets
were obliged to drop precipitately t(
Italians Aid Bombers
"Our bombing machines carried ou
demonstrations. During the day o
April 12 and the night of April 12-13 i
total of 48,000 kilos of projectiles wa
dropped in the course of these exped?
tions, in which Italian machines tool
part. The railway stations of Jussy
Roye, St. Quentin, Nesle, Ham, Guis
card and Noyon, railways, cantonment
and numerous convoys in these re
giona, as well as the stations at Hir
son, Laon and Montcornet, were co
piously bombed. Several fires and ex
Neuve Eglise Again in
British Hands; Enemy
Fails to Gain at
As though inspired hy Marshal
Haig's order to die rather than
yield ground, the British yester?
day held fast in all parts of the
line, and at some points recaptured
lost territory in brilliant counter
The German drive west of Armen
ti?Tes clearly has lost momenttmu
; although it is too early to say
definitely it has been checked.
| For the first day since the northern
offensive started, last Tuesday
morning, the changes in the. battle
line are inconsiderable. The Ger?
man night statement merely an?
nounced: "We gained ground on
the battlefield on the Lys oll the
The enemy has continued his reck?
less charges in the attempt to
drive north and northwest around
Messines Ridge, hut has been
stopped at every point.
Friday evening the Germans forced
their way into Neuve Eglise, just
southwest of Messines. Thi?
morning the British drove them
out, taking prisoners, includinp- ;i
battalion leader. A little further
southwest four assaults southea--t
of Bailleul were repulsed. South?
west of Bailleul the foe was driven
back south of Meteren. .
In these actions, all representing un?
successful attempts to gain in the
flanking movement about the
ridge, Haig says the enemy sus?
tained the heaviest casualties.
On the southern half of the new
salient the enemy was equally un?
able to advance. Strong attempts
to advance west of Merville into
Nieppe Wood and to gain ground
near Locon were repulsed, while
at Festubert, northwest of Given?
chy, the British advanced slightly
and took prisoners.
The French attacked yesterday
northwest of Orvillers-Sorel, be?
tween Montdidier and Lassigny,
and advanced their line several
hundred yards along a front of
two-thirds of a mile. This seems
to have been a local operation. A
German attack near Noyon was
Further details emphasize the tre?
mendous fury of the fighting Fri?
day. The enemy paid a high price
for his advances, and his losses
may be the explanation of the
failure to add to his gains yester?
American ' and French troops in
Brule Wood, southeast of St.
Mihiel, have repulsed with heavy
loss to the enemy persistent Ger?
man attacks and regained a ?mail
piece of lost ground in a counter
German Line Back
[By The Asenclat**,! l*rr*?'
WITH THK BRITISH ARMY IN
FRANCE. April 13. Between Bailleul
and Neuve Eglise the British assumed
the offensive during the night, and
after bitter fighting pushed the German
lines back considerably. Neuve Egiise
itself has been the centre of a san?
The enemy lasV night drove forward
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