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Liberty Bonds are the smews of the
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER. TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED Vol. LXXVni No. 26,083 [ Copyright 1918? The Tribune Ass'n] Republic is making for democracy?-Samuel Gompen News ? Editorials - Advertisements ?ribtm-e WEATHER - ?t Generally fair to-day and to-morrow; light westerly winds. Full Report on Pare 9 APRIL 15, 1918 * * ? ?mrArrvTaS,n Greater New York /and I THREE C*EVTS T?Ot?.>KJjwUhiB commutli-e distance | Klaewfcere German Drive Checked; Aid Reaches Haig; Americans Repulse Hard Blow on New Line Big Collier Lost 41 Days A Sea Mystery The Cyclops, With 293 Aboard, Left West Indies Port March 4 Had 57 Passengers; - Cargo of Manganese Engine Was Crippled, but Wireless Silence Causes Anxiety WASHINGTON, April 14.?The big American naval collier Cyclops, carry? ing fifty-seven passengers, fifteen offi ters and 221 men in her crew, has been overdue at an Atlantic port since March 13. The Navy Department announced to-day that she was last reported at a festin?les island on March 4 and that extreme anxiety is entertained as to ter safety. The vessel was bringing a argo of manganese from Brazil. Alfred L. Moreau Gottschalk, United States Consul General at Rio de Ja Miro, was the only civilian among the jfjsengers on the collier, the others t?sg'two naval -lieutenants and fifty- j i-rtr naval enlisted men returning to j tie Uaited States. The Cyclops was ??Sinmanded by Lieutenant Comm?ntiar ?rW. Worley, United .States Naval Re jerve force. There have been no reports of Ger msD submarines or raiders in the local? ity in which the collier was, the de- j partment's statement said. The weather j tad not been stormy and could hardly ? hare given the collier trouble. One Engine Damaged The Cyclops left the West Indies - trith one of her two engines damaged, j but the department said this fact | should not have prevented her from ? t-oiamunicating by radio, and all ef- j forts to reach her by that means have j ?tern unsuccessful. A thorough search j ?rfthe course which she would have fol- i lv??red in coming to port has been made .?tad continues, it was announced. , The fwt that the collier had been ! missing nearly a month became known ken Thursday, April 11. The naval ??sor requested The Associated Press i ?stto publish the fact, on the ground j ?*st the ship had not been given up for ? bd, and that to publish the fact that j n* was overdue might expose the j C"*lops to submarine or other enemy j *ha?. while she might be disabled on ? ?te high seas. The official announce- I tnkt by the Navy Department to-day ! ??tes not give the ship up for lost, but j katly says "the Navy Department . Ws extremely anxious as to her ? ?*-tety.** *?"* statement follows: TheX. S. S. Cyclop!-, navy collier of j ?*?*Wtons d?placement, loaded with a **W> of manganese and with a per- i ????-??I on board of 15 officers and 221 ; -1**- ?f the crew and 57 passengers, is ? ****** at an Atlantic port nine? March ! ?* ?%? last reported at one of the ???* Indies isianda on March 4, and j !*** Bet departure iroir. that port no , 7"*** of her nor information concern- ? -Hterhas been obtained. Radio calls **?* Cyclops from all possible points *** *?*? made and vessels ?ftnt to **** for her along her probable route ****** in which ?he might be, with "??ttecess. No Word by Radio *sr ^* "?ell founded reaison can be ?**??* ??plain the Cyclops being over ???"?o 'ad?o communication with or ***** **?r has been had since leav at*f W*Bt ,r"jian P?rt- TJ*C weather ^** W?a in which th?; vessel must %*#?***** ha?, not h?ir;n bad and could jtejhave given the Cyclop? trouble. ?Jr'*' **?dt>r or submarine could be 2*wl? for \t,.r lo??, there have Hj^l**1 '?port* that, v/ould indicate the qj* of either in the locality in 1J *** Cyclop? v/a?. m^g?m**,9w0y'n iy>Ht onc ?t *-hi* tv/o ^***mi '* i'yc*0*0" *** ?njured and 1**m <m*h% Vw-^ng at a reduced *-*?(?* "n' *r'I-'ir": ?-"'?.pounded. <?%/? *,>ul', h*v? ???> ?ff??t on her ,%!Le0Wmunicilt* hy r*dlo< I"r %uku^r n,*,l? ??iig?ne? w?*re totally ??mate* *h'p Woul'? *tiU b? capable _JJ* ktr rath,, j,?ar,t< ^kknsiu^l^ 1"r th" Cyclop? ?till % a.1 ? ih* :'*vy Department ""-siy snxiamt an to her * of those aboard the, 9* found tm Paye 0. COME ON, KEEP THE BIN FULL! Vice Raiders Stir Broadway For 4 Hours t Police Round Up 1,500 in Thirty Chop Suey Restaurants On?? of the most spectacular raids ever made in this city took place yes- | terday morning, when police under the 1 direction of Assistant District Attor- j ney James E. Smith entered thirty I chop suey restaurants in the Tender- I loin. The places visited were all in ; the Fourth Inspection District, which i extends from Forty-second Street and Broadway north to 110th Street, from ! Sixth Avenue and Central Park West to the Hudson River. The raiding party, which included scores of detective:) and policemen un* der Inspector Dominick Henry and Act? ing Captain Richard McKenna, left their meeting point, Forty-second ! Street and Fifth Avenue, at 2 o'clock. At the same time, by preconcerted ar? rangement, two policemen entered the I thirty restaurants and announced that I every one present would have to re ! main until the arrival of the District ' Attorney. At this some of the 1,500 patron? in the various places became i indignan!, end wanted to know by what authority they were being detained, and threatened to sue the policemen. Raids Last Four Hour-? The first chop suey restaurant at which the police stopped was the Vice? roy, 107 West Forty-second Street, and the last was a reataurant kept by Leo ? Suey, 210 Manhattan Avenue, which is near lioth Street, the tour taking i four hours. When Mr. Smith arrived at each place he scrutinized every man and ! woman and those who could properly ' identify themselves wero allowed to go. ! Two hundred others, ninety of whom ! were women, were sent to th? West * Forty-Mi-venth Street police station, * when* their numen and addrcs??*? were ! ?aken and they were sent home on the ! condition that they would never pat ' ronlz? aueh plftCOa *??',*?' Among these v/a*re found girls ranging ?n age from ? ?ixteen to nineteen years who were ?? tR!TpUcaa with what Mr. Smith termed ?'undesirable" escorts. ! Oust?? ? tkW of the di?ara who were takV** to the atatlon house wero from 1 I.., f,t (own I'.ome of whom on being Continued on Last Page,?ol-% $230,000,000 a Day Needed To Put Loan 'Over the Top' In their enthusiasm to facilitate th? oversubscription of the nation's thir< call for Liberty dollars the workers foi the loan seem too eager for achieve ment to pause yet to consider whal has been done. The record of tru first week of the campaign apparentlj means nothing.to them; the prospects for the three weeks of intensive driv? ing, which starts to-day, everything. The success or failure of the cam? paign lies in the days to come. If, however, the incomplete total for the first six days of $580,000,000 can be regarded as a guide to what is com? ing, the third Liberty Loan will be fat mor? triumphant than the second?and that is what every loyal American ex? pects. Must Buy More Freely Viewed from the financial side, the subscription of $580,000,000 in one week may seem eminently satisfactory, i And there is no pessimism shown over the total. But in the next nineteen days the American people will have to pour forth their soldier dollars more freely, or the goal they have set for themselves will not he reached. If the United States were engaged in a mere ?luest of territory the pres? ent rate of subscription might be enough. If the relative importance of the United States in the battle for world civilization were insignificant, $580,000,000 a week for the rest of the campaign might be considered excel? lent. But, according to the leading spokesmen of the Allies and the United States, special facts surround this loan. ? It comes at a tune when Germany is making its most trcimendous and per? haps last desperate effort to crush the resistance of free nations. It comes at a time when America's allies assert j they can hold the lines at the "fron ! tier of freedom" if the United States . will send reinforcements in men, money I and things to carry on the brunt of the battles that loom ahead. A realization of these critical facts, it is believed, will constitute the moti? vation which will bo necessary for the maximum success of the third Liberty Loan. At the rate of subscriptions throughout the country $2,400,000,000 would be raised by May 4, when the i campaign ends. The minimum quot? ; set by Secretary McAdoo is $??,000,000, ! 000, and the Treasury Department will I accept half of the oversubscriptions. ? On the amount the nation mobilizes | in excess of $.'',000.000,000 the succcus ! of the campaign will be judged. In order to meet its official quota ? the country as a whole must raise $29, 1000,000 a day more than it has during the first quarter of the financial test | to show to what extent the people in? dorse the nation's war enterprise. To reach the popular goal of at least $5,000,000,000 an average of $200,000, 000 daily, which is double the present rate of subscriptions, would have to be raised. And in each of the next nine? teen days, which are all that are left for bond buying, an average of some $230,000,000 daily will have to be pledged to make up for the previous shortage. Ahead of Quota Here New York and the rest of the Sec? ond Federal Reserve District are con? fronted with a somewhat different task than the nation as a whole. The extent to which this district is now running ahead of its minimum quota of $900,000,000 may be realized by the fact that at present speed the New York Reserve District would turn over $1, 000,000,000 in subscriptions by the end of the "push" for dollars. But the Second Federal Reserve Dis? trict is bent on reaching the goal of $1,500,000,000 which it has set for it? self. To do so, the district will have to make its dailv totals average $(50, 000,000, which 'is $20,000,000 a day higher than the pace set last week. And for the next nineteen days, to make up for the shortage last week, some $06,000,000 will have to be offered daily. According to the Liberty Loan Com? mittee, this ambitious undertaking can succeed only through the aid of the country's millions of people. The third Liberty Loan is not a special matter for the Four Hundred, but a vital con? cern for America's hu-.dred million. U. S. War Aims Indorsed A spiritual indorsement of America's war aims and of the government's call for financial war implements was given yesterday from the pulpits of the churches of the city. The sentiment expressed yesterday morning by the Rt. Rev. Daniel Sylvester Tuttle, Bishop of Missouri and presiding bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in a sermon at the Cathedral of St. John tho Divine was fairly typical. "A terrific battle," the Bishop said, "is going on along the plains of Flan? ders, and our own American forces are perhaps getting in tho very thick of it. We need to stand by them with our sympathies,"our prayers, our hope, our love and our money. It is team? work that we must do. While our boys are in battle we ourselves must help in the conservation of food and in subscriptions to Liberty bonds." Meetings all over the city to-day will urce upon the people the necessity of doing their utmost in bond buying. Special interest is focussed on the ad? dress by James M. Beck at 3 o'clock this afternoon to mark the formal open? ing of the campaign of the Stock Ex? change Liberty Loan workers. Details of Liberty Loan Cawpaiyn on Page 6 ? ^, Picked Force Cut to Pieces By U. S. Mer %_ Terrific Hand - to - Hani Struggle Takes Place North of St. Mihiel 64 Germans Killed And Prisoners Takei Pershing's Force Shatter Two Enemy Attacks in Apremont Forest t (By Tint Associated rress) WITH THE AMERICAN ARM1 IN FRANCE, April 14.?-Precede by an intense bombardment of hig explosives and poison gas shells picked troops from four Germa companies hurled themselves agains the American positions on the vigh bank of the Meuse north of SI ; Mihiel early this morning, but wer ! completely repulsed after terrifi hand-to-hand fighting. The Americans captured som prisoners. The German losses al j ready counted are thirty-four dea. and ten wounded, who were in th A.ii,**i'kan trenches, and thirty dea> in No Man's Land. Several of th wounded enemy were taken back b; their comrades to the German posi tions. Meet Foe With Bayonets A concentrated artillery fire on th American position in the St. Mihie sector began Saturday morning. I was resumed with increased vigo: just before midnight and continue? intermittently until nearly daybreak The Germans then laid down ! barrage and leaped over the para pets and reached the Americai front-line trenches closely behin-c the barrage. At this moment the American in fantry burst from their shelters, at tacking the enemy with grenades and bayonets. The struggle continued back an? forth for some time, but over mosl of the front involved the Americar troops were completely victorious j as was evident from the heavy toL i of enemy dead and wounded. At another point a large enem"J ! force surrounded twenty-five Ameri? ? cans in front of their trenches. The | Americans suddenly attacked, and i killed several of the Germans, and ! returned to their trenches uninjurd ! and bringing prisoners. Silence German Guns The American troops northwest of j Toul, southwest of St. Mihiel, again ! were subjected to a violent artillery : bombardment Saturday night. The j American batteries sent back an i equal number of shells. The Ger 1 mans made no further attempt to | penetrate the lines. The French general commanding | the ti'oops in a neighboring sector i personally congratulate*-! the princi ! pal American unit's commander to j day on the excellent offensive quali I ties and the splendid resistance of the American troops. "With such men the cause of the ' Allies is sure to triumph," the French general wrote in his report; ' to the French arrrjy headquarters. Wounded Men Fight The doctors in the iiont line dress j ing stations reported to-day that several Americans who were slightly i wounded refused medical treatment until the Germans had been driven i back to their trenches. One man > with a slight wound in his hand who ' was ordered to the rear later was j found, according to the surgeons, "fighting like a tiger" in the front ! line. One German Red Cross man capt I ured in an enemy dugout was found j to be heavily armed, notwithstanding the fact that he was supposed to be \ Continued oh Next Page, Col. 6 Foch Gets Title of Commander in Chief Of the Allied Armies in France PARIS, April 14.?An official note issued to-night says: "The British and French governments have agreed to con? fer the title of commander in chief of the Allied armies in France on General Foch." Since General Foch's elevation to chief command of the Allied armies "for the period of the present operations" there has been some doubt as to his exact standing, and the question has been raised as to whether his powers were executive or advisory to Pctain or Haig. The above state? ment disposes of the matter. General Foch is to be Generalissimo, with all that the title implies. Crowder Calls 49,843 More For the Army New York's Share in New Draft Will Be 3,542 WASHINGTON, April 14, Another draft ca!l, for 49,843 registrants, has been sent to Governors of states by Provost Marshal General Crowder. Mobilization of the men is ordered for May 1 and 10, the War Department an? nounced to-night, and they will be sent to eleven fort3 and recruiting barracks, probably for training with regular army units there. This call increases to more than 300,000 the number of men or? dered to camp since late in March. This is far in excess of the monthly average that would have been mobilized under j the original plan to call 800,000 men this year during-a-ntne-month period. Future calls at the same rate would complete the 800,000 programme before midsummer. Under President Wilson's-, determina? tion to hasten tne sending of American troops to France the whole programme of the army is speeding up. Only a week ago Genera! Crowder ordered mobilization of 150,000 men for April ! 26 and their movement to the National Army cantonments during *.he live days following. Further announcements are expected to follow the return of .Secretary Baker from the battlefronts and conferences with officials of Great Britain, France and Italy. Troops now are moving to Europe at a rapid rate, and this clear? ing of training camps will permit the calling of men much faster than was i contemplated before the German offen ! sive began. Although every state and the Dis I trict of Columbia are called upon to ? furnish men under General Crowder's ; latest order, nearly half of the 49,843 : men will come from seven states. II j linois will supply by far the largest number, its quota being 8,047. Penn ' sylvania is next with 3,776, New York third with 3,542, Michigan fourth with 2,593, Missouri fifth with 2,163, Wis? consin sixth with 2,135, and Ohio seventh with 2,060. Nevada has the lowest quota, 49, and Delaware the j next lowest, with 87. Wyoming, with ! 92. is the only other state to furnish less than 100 men. The quotas of the other states and 1 the District of Columbia follow: Ala i bama, 261; Arizona, 318; Arkansas. 599; California, 1,187; Colorado, 696; Connecticut, 959; District of Columbia, 197; Florida, 265; Georgia. 316; Idaho, 165; Indiana, 842; Iowa, 1,910; Kansas, 1,210; Kentucky, 1,326; Louisiana, 535; Maine, 220; Maryland, 453; Massa? chusetts, 1,336; Minnesota, 1,295; Mis? sissippi, 520; Montana, 354; Nebraska, 987; New Hampshire, 137; New Jersey, 1,033; New Mexico, 274; North Caro? lina. 481; North Dakota, 581; Okla? homa, 846; Oregon, 251; Rhode Island, 195; South Carolina. 289; South Da? kota, 487; Trnnessee, 442; Texas. 1, 694; Utah, 168; Vermont, 101; Vir? ginia, 756; Washington, 434; West Vir? ginia, 549. The army posts to which the men will go arc Fcrt Slocum, N. Y.; Fort Thomas, Ky.; Fort Oglethorpe, Ga.; Fort McDowell, C'a!.; Fort Screven, Ga.; Vancouver Barracks, Washington; Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, and Jack? son Barracks, Pennslyvania. Americans Capture Two German Fliers Winged in Battles WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN ' FRANCE, April 14.?Two German fighting 'planes were shot down this morning inside the American lines by Lieutenants A. S. Winslow. of Chicago, and Douglas Campbeil, of California. Each man bajrg-ed one machine. Both the enemy aviators were made prisoner. One of them was slightly wounded. ? The machines, which formed part of a patrol of five aircraft, were brought ? down after a six-minute engagement. One of the enemy machines fell in flames, but the other was only slightly damaged. It is believed that Lieuten 1 ant Campbell is the first graduate of a I strictly American school to bring down an enemy machine. The American aviators were en | camped when enemy machines were I signalled as crossing the line. Fifteen 1 minutes later the American pilots ! sighted the enemy machines and im I mediately engaged them. Both the captured machines were I placed on exhibition in the public ! square of ,n town behind the American j lines, where they were viewed by thou? sands of persons, who came from miles I around. Charles Tried To Make Pope -Peace Agent! Wrote Letter to Vatican at the Time He Approached France ROME, April 14.?The Italian press ] commenting on the controversy that has arisen between the French Premier, I M. Clemenceau, and the Austro-Hun i garian Foreign Minister, Count Cezrnin, I insists that at the time Emperor ? Charles wrote to Prince Sixtus of I Bourbon another letter was sent to i the Pope. The "Idea Xazionale" says that the ? second letter was designed to complete j as relating to Italy, the first letter as j relating to France and had for its ob? ject invoking the intervention of the ? Holy See in favor of peace. The "Tribuna" says that it was all j a part of a vast "pacific offensive" on ? the part of Austria and Germany and ; that it was a joint movement to dc ; ceive both France and the Vatican. j According to another source, the let j 1er to the Pope was written by Empress : Zita. ?Czernin Plans Statement On Austrian Policies COPENHAGEN, April 14.?The For j eign Committee of the Austrian dele ? gation has been summoned to meet ! April 20, according to a Vienna de? spatch to the "Politiken." Count Czernin will then make a j declaration on foreign and internal af? fairs. -.-. | German Socialists I Accept Annexation And Indemnity Plan Majority Party Favors the Scheme After Hertling Threatens to Resign ! AMSTERDAM, April 14.?The "Taeg I liehe Rundschau," of Berlin, a copy of | which has been received here, contains a story that Count .von Hertling, the German Imperial Chancellor, broke off I re'ations with Mathias Erzberger, lead ; er of the Catholic Centrists in the I Reichstag, .ind threatened to resign j when informed by the leaders of the ! majority party that they adhered to ! their resolution for peace- without an ' nexations or indemnities. j Sections of the majority party, the | newspaper adds, thereupon decided to ! accept the government's new pro i gramme for incorporating French ter ! ritory and the coast of Flanders into i the German Empire and levying large ! war indemnities on the Western po?.v ? ers. The majority Socialists have also j accepted the programme of annexa I tion.3, says the newspaper. The "Taegliche Rundschau" also de? clares that Herr Erzberger, in 1917, during the r?gime of Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollwcg, made a peace offer to the enemy through a Dutch journal? ist. This offer, tiie paper says, : amounted to a plea for peace at any price. Chancellor von Hertling now refuses i to receive Herr Erzberger, the paper ' asserts. | ^ ^ -___ j British Aviators Drop 1,200 Bombs on Foe j One 'Plane Missing After Opera? tions Saturday Over West Front LONDON, April 14.?"On Saturday it | was cloudy and misty," says an official . statement on aerial op?rations to-night. I "but our low-flying machines dropped j 1,200 bombs on enemy troops on roads i leading to the front. j ?'Only a few fights occurred and the ! results were indecisive. One of our machines is missing." British Now Holding Firm Along Their Whole Line Desperate Attacks at Messines Ridge Are Thrown Back With Losses Neuve Eglise Still In British Hands Berlin Statement Ad? mits Reinforcements Have Strengthened Allied Resistance The German drive from Armen tieres for the Channel is checked. For the second day in succession General von Quast's and General von Arnim's German armies, de? spite the most ferocious fighting, have been able to gain scarcely a yard. ?Field Marshal Haig reports that the British line is holding everywhere. The battle continues violently on the northern flank of the German sa? lient, with the enemy plunging vigorously to complete the turn? ing movement around Messines Ridge, and the British charging again and again in successful counter attacks. i The bloodiest fighting has taken j place at Neuve Eglise, a little vil? lage at the southern end of Mes i sines Ridge. This hamlet haa changed hands repeatedly. Yes? terday the Germans overran it, as their early report of yesterdaj discloses. Immediately the British reorganized and returned to the encounter. They are now hold ing Neuve Eglise. 'Heavy German assaults further west both about Merris, in the direc j tion of Bailleul, and near Mer ville, were met by Haig's men ii* the same spirit. The enemy ytk dispersed. On Saturday the Germans also at tempted to widen their salient b; powerful pressure at the southen i hinge of the British line. The; stormed at Festubert, but wer thrown back so decisively tha these assaults were not renewe? yesterday. Reinforcements have reached th j British and are making their pr?s ence felt. Tremendous activity o the Allied fliers over the battl? j field has also interfered with th enemy transport, throwing hi supply lines into confusion. : Berlin continues to report prof ress, but the German claims ar vague. For the first time a defei sive note has crept into Genen Ludendorff's communiqu?s. Be; lin says: "Enemy forces whic were pushing forward toward th battlefront sustained heavy loss? I by our fire." i The early German statement of ye terday announced the capture < Merris and Vieux Berquin, bi both villages are in the zone fro which the British retired two da: ago. | On the Somme battlefield there wei no infantry engagements. Gei eral Haig, however, refers to z increasingly heavy bombardme: at Albert, which may presage ne German convulsions in the soutl ? Northwest of St. Mihiel the Amei can troops have been compelled withstand a series of persiste assaults, second in intensity on to those delivered by the Germa against the British in Flandei And the honors at the end rest with the Americans. Germans Ar~e Checke In Armentieres Dril For Channel Pon < Tribune Cabio S?*rrtce) LONDON, April 14.?Despite the gri situation on the Armenti?res frt ? there is ,a feeling this Sunday ni* that the enemy's dash for the Chan ports has been definitely checked. !