The success of the Lo
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
Vol. LXXVIII No. 26,092
the acid test of America's .war spirit-fames M. Beck
First to Last?the Truth: News - Editorials - Advertisements
Fair and cooler to-day. To-raorrtwr,
partly cloudy. Moderate
Full Beport en Pace 11 ?
The ?Tribune A?s*n]
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24, 1918
* * *
Ttrarrv?!'11 Oreeter New York and I THREE CKNTS
xwoc*NX"(Within commutlnr distance [ Klsewhere
British Fleet Storms Two Big U-Boat Bases;
Blocks Zeebrugge Channel by Sinking Ships
And Is Killed
At Plot Trial
Marshal Fires Over Heads
of Crowd as Ram Singh
Shoots Ram Chandra
Both Accused of
Planning a Revolt
Courtroom Thrown in Panic
by Shooting; Soldiers
Block All Exits
SAN FRANCISCO, April 23.?A sen?
sational climax to the prolonged trial
of thirty-two persons charged with
. conspiring to foment revolution in
? India was furnished to-day, when Ram
Chandra, Hindu publicist and revolu?
tionist, was shot to death in the Fed?
eral District Court by Ram Singh, a
former employe and fellow defendant.
"While Singh still pressed the trigger
of his automatic pistol he, too, was
shot and killed by United States Mar?
shal James B. Holohan, who fired
across the room over the heads of at?
The trial started November 20 and
the case went to the jury to-night. ?
Belief that Ram Chandra had di?
verted to his own use proceeds from
property which Ram Singh had turned
over for use in the proposed revolu?
tion, is said by Federal officials to
have prompted tne shooting.
Trial Seethes With Animosity
The trial since the opening7 has
seethed with excitement and animosity
among the defendants to such an ex?
tent that all were searched for weapons
daily when entering court.
John W. Preston, United States Dis?
trict Attorney, had finished his closing
argument vhen the shooting took place.
Judge William C. Van Fleet, announc?
ing that he wjuld charge the jury in
the afternoon, had left the bench and
entered the chambers, and spectators
and lawyers rose to leave the room. At
one side of the bar sat the defendants,
clustered together, and at the opposite
side, by the jury box, Marshal Holohan
Ram Chandra rose and started
across the room. Ram Singh also rose,
raised his pistol and began firing. Ram
Chandra staggered forward and fell
dead before the witness chair with a
bullet in hi3 heart and two others in
his bodv. At the same moment Ram
Singh fell. Holohan, a man of great
"stature, had shot once with his arm
high over his head, so that the bullet
should clear nearby counsel. The shot
broke Ram Singh's neck.
Soldiers Block Exits
Soldiers, who have been on duty in
court since the trial opened, immedi- (
ately blocked the exits. Judge Van
Sleet hurried back into court, ordered j
all defendants taken into custody and ?
the courtroom cleared. Then he be- J
gan an investigation, which developed,!
he said at the afternoon session of
court, that Ram Singh had obtained |
his weapon during a brief recess in |
the morning session, when he had wan?
dered out into the corridor for a mo?
Investigations to-night ran along
many lines, including the possibility
that other defendants knew in advance
that the shooting was to occur. San
tokh Singh, a defendant, was isolated
from the others and interrogated. At
the afternoon session of court he was
?urroonded by deputy marshals. Every
?crap of paper used to-day by the de?
fendants for the incessant notes which
they passed around and tore up, was
sought and examined.
Shooting Cause? Panic
At Singh's first shot the courtroom
*ag thrown into confusion. Specta?
tors, defendants, counsel and others in
the room darted for cover, overturning
?hairs and tables in their flight.
Soldiers and deputy marshals rushed
w all exits with drawn revolvers. Or
?er was soon restored.
?he double shooting was the first in
* San Francisco courtroom since Fran?
c's J. Heney was shot in the cheek
??ring one of the graft trials ten years
?.Co. Heney was acting as special
ProBeeutor at the time.
.jam Chandra wan perhaps the most
*>ae!y known Hindu in America after
"<e departure of his associate,- Har
*W, who jumped bail here when ar
!?? on charges of violating neutral
*?? u i?*'1 *? Switzerland. Chandra
JW a.i tne news he wanted for his pa
iw 22* In<lia? aml ?>?'<! h? did it
B^?itih,copi*n ot th? Koran, marked
?/,, i ,y- Nat?v? censor? would not
???^ithM*,.book*' he *aid' aml aP"
?yS nobody e,g? understood the
Chandra Arrested Many Time?
?ndw? W8" t,hirty-four years old
?n-i w?r, born in Peshawur, in the Puif
ifhfJ? wa? ?Seated in British Indian
gCMOM amf did some newspaper work
S u?, l?* ??dtion. After six months
?J..} T WH* Iterated for lack of ?vi?
trai ?U?1 *ub*??H?ot!y *a? arrested
Kiril?**?*dt,0,,r time*' Mar,y com
22? at- th* *8,n* iinu> were cither
n*?d or imprisoned for life. V
??5 ?i" Ind?* Chandra went to .larmn
h* wl?* * b*?n, d?P?*ed a*, editor, but
Pope Expected to Seek Peace Again
LONDON, April 23.?Pope Benedict will make another peace
move, as soon as the Western offensive has assumed a new phase, says
the "Neueste Nachrichten," of Munich, Bavaria. ,
The correspondent at Amsterdam of the Exchange Telegraph
Company telegraphs that the Bavarian newspaper says the move will
take the form of "a word of warning addressed to the universal
Is Said To Be
Democrats Seeking 100 Per
Cent American as Nom?
inee for Governor
By Charles T. White
SYRACUSE, April 23.?Fully 200
Democrats of New York State will
gather around the operating table in
the Onondaga Hotel here to-morrow
and attempt the doubtful operation of
bloodless surgery on William Randolph
Hearst?cutting him out of the Demo?
cratic body politic without hurting him
very much or making him so sore that
he'll turn around and kick the Murphy
state machine, with its long retinue
of expectant job hunters, galley west.
Reduced to the simplest terms, the
upstate Democrats to-morrow wish to
servo "notice on Mr. Hearst in red ink
that he cannot have the nomination
for Governor this year, but they are
afraid of him and afraid of what will
happen to them afterward if they han?
dle his case in summary fashion.
The incoming conferrees to-night
Jsuought with them a sort of double
barrelled message. One charge in the
gun was that the Administration at
Washington had sent word to the con?
ference that William R. Hearst was to
be repudiated?diplomatically, if prac-1
ticable, but with strong-arm methods if
The Tribune representative tried to
lay his hand on the person who
brought this message from the powers
that be at Washington, but was unable
to find him. Probably no one person
received any such message to be de?
livered to the conference. At the same
time, there is a remarkable concur?
rence of opinion that that is exactly
the feeling of President Wilson and
Secretary McAdoo and the others.
100 Per Cent American Sought
The other charge in the double bar?
relled gun was that the discussion of
personalities and candidates would be
barred in the conference, and that all
that the conference would do would be
to pass a set of resolutions with a
-py uostiM eif* jo ^uouiosjopui ?ui?uu
ministration, for the vigorous prosecu?
tion of the war and for the nomination
of a 100 per cent American patriot by
the Democrats when their unofficial
convention is held in Saratoga next Au?
William H. Kelley, of Syracuse, for
the committee of seven that organized
the conference, took it upon himself to
state the object of the conference, in
the following words:
"This conference was called because
of the treatment accorded to the rural
counties of the state by Governor
Charles S, Whitman and the consequent
demand of the upstate voters for a pro?
gressive Democratic candidate with an
understanding of rural corditions and
needs. It was not called for the pur?
pose of advancing or opposing the can?
didacy of any one man for Governor,
nor was it called for the purpose of
opposing anybody. A conference seemed
the best way to ascertain the sentiment
and a few of us interested in good gov?
ernment acting upon our own responsi?
bility, called thiK conference, with en?
tire confidence that the public would
appreciate its purpose and its object."
Kattigan Opposes Hearst
At about the time that Mr. Kelley
issued this statement news reached the
Onondaga Hotel that Charles F. Rat
tigan, of Auburn, spokesman usually
for Thomas Mott Osborne, was on his
v/ay to the conference, with a resolu?
tion in his pocket stating substantially
that the gravity of the war situation
and the interests of the Democratic
party in this state demanded the op?
position from all right-minded Demo?
crats to William R. Hearst or any?
thing with the Hearst tag on it.
It is understood that if Mr. Ratti
gan contemplates the introduction of
any such radical manifesto against Mr.
Hearst it will rjuickly be referred with?
T. Harvey Ferris, of Utica, said that
it was not at all certain that Mr. Rat
tigan had a proxy that would permit
of his presence in the conference, and
that, if he had, the matter would be
handled discreetly when the conferrees
had to meet it.
"This conference in not opposing or
approving any one," said Mayor John
FitzGibbon of Oswego. "All that we
want to do, now that we have a good
chance to elect a Governor, j? to pick
a candidate who will beat Whitman."
"I am of the opinion that tho con
! fcrencc will avoid doing anything radi
i cal or sensational, but will indorse the
i Federal Administration and allow tho
i ?it.uation to crystallize," said William
I Church Osborne. v
It was a gala night at the Onondaga
! for favorite sons with Governorship
I booms. Some of the candidates were
, on hand, some are at their homes, eon
? vcnieritly near tho telephone, and some
| will be surprised when thoy read that
i th? managers of the conference havo
I done thern the honor to have their
Continued on last jxtg*, Column 8
Three Counts Are Based on
Her Opposition to ,
KANSAS CITY, Mo., April 23.?Mrs?
Rose Pastor Stokes, New York Social?
ist, indicted by the Federal Grand Jury
this morning on three counts for vio?
lation of the espionage act, was ar?
raigned this afternoon before Judge
A. S. Van Valkenburgh. She pleaded
not guilty and gave bond for $10,000.
Her trial was set for May 20. Her hus?
band was present in court and she was
represented by attorneys.
Francis Wilson, United States Dis?
trict Attorney, said he was'confident
of conviction on all the three counts.
The maximum penalty on eafll count is
a fine of $10,000 or imprisonment for
twenty years, or both.
The first count covers that section
providing punishment for causing or
attempting to cause insubordination,
disloyalty, mutiny or refusal of duty
in the military or naval forces of the
The second count covers obstruction
of recruiting or enlistment in the mili?
tary pr naval forces of the nation
while the country is at war, to the in?
jury of either of these branches.
The final count is based on that sec?
tion providing punishment for the
making or conveying of false reports
or statements interfering with the suc?
cess of the military or naval forces or
?promoting the success of its enemies.
Evidence Based on Letter
Evidence against Mrs. Stokes was
based largely on a letter she sent a
Kansas City newspaper, in which she
said she was not in favor of the gov?
ernment. The letter was a correction
of a more moderate 'attitude with
which she had been credited. Her let?
"I see that it is after all necessary
to send a statement for publication
over my own signature, and I trust
that you will give it space in your col?
"A headline in this evening's issue of
'The Star' reads: 'Mrs. Stokes for
government and against war at the
same time.' I am not for the govern?
ment. In the interview that follows I
am quoted as baving said: 'I believe
the government of the United States
should have the unqualified support of
every ctiizen in its war aims.'
"I made no such statement, and I
believe no such thing. No government
which is for the profiteer can also be I
for the people, and I am for the peo- I
pie, while the government is for the
"I expect my working class point of
view to receive no sympathy from your
paper, but I do expect that tho tra?
ditional courtesy of publication by the
newspapers of a signed statement of
correction, which even our most Bour?
bon papers grant, will be extended to
this statement by
(Signed) "ROSE PASTOR STOKES."
"March 18, 1918."
Husband Buys Bonds
J. G. Phelps Stokes, here to aid his
wife, called on J. W. Perry at the
Southwest National Hank of Com?
merce to-day and voluntarily sub?
scribed for ,$10,000 of the third Lib?
erty Loan bonds.
Mr. Stokes said he bought bonds of
both of the previous issues, and added
that Mrs. Stokes was a subscriber to
the first issue. At that time she was
avowedly supporting the government
in prosecuting the war.
Promotions in Army
Recommendations of Overseas
Commander Ignored by
WASHINGTON, April 23.?Tho list
of ten brigadier generals promoted to
be major generals and twenty-seven
colonels advanced to brigadiers, now
before the Senate for confirmation, is
unsatisfactory to General Pershing. A
lengthy cablegram, protesting against
the War Department's failure to pro?
mote several of tho officials suggested
by the overseas commander, was re?
ceived here to-day.
The department is criticised for ig?
noring tho recommendations made by
General Pershing, who argued that
recognition should be given to the of?
ficers who are now with tho overseas
forces and who have in actual battle
conditions demonstrated their fitness
ior higher rank,
4 * ?
Dutch to Pass
German Demand Places
Holland in Position
Troops Are Massed
Along the Frontier
If The Hague Yields Eng?
land Would Consider
[Tribune Cable Service]
LONDON, April 23.?The serious sit?
uation which has developed in Holland
puts her nominally in the same posi?
tion which Belgium ocupied in 1914.
Germany has made several demands, in?
cluding the restitution of the old
Rhine arrangement and the right of
passage through Dutch territory to
Belgium for certain stores of sand and
gravel. Holland has not allowed the
transportation of these goods since
objections were raised by England.
The above questions are possibly ca?
pable of pacific solution, but it is un?
derstood that Germany has unofficially
made additional demands for the pas?
sage of war material and troops, which
Holland cannot grant without a breach
of her neutrality.
Holland is thus faced by the pros?
pect of war at any moment. If she
refuses the German demands she will
be open to attack from tbe east; if she
accepts, the Allies cannot longer con?
sider Holland a neutral.
The outcome of the sitaution appears
to depend entirely upon Germany's
plans, but the opinion here seems to be
that Germany can have no adequate
motive to force Holland into the war,
although she may consider that a
threat to Holland may serve to keep
reserves in England.
Holland possesses an armv of about
500,000, which has the advantage of
having been mobilized since the be?
ginning of the war and would un?
doubtedly put up a good fight against
the German army. The Dutch army is
reported to be massed on the frontier
in view of a possible threat by Ger?
Orders were given some days ago for
the conscription oX all men and all
unmarried and childless women capable
of war work. The situation is regard?
ed with much perturbation in Holland,
hut it remains to be seen whether
Germany presses her demands for the#
passage of troops, or is merely bluf*
fing for military reasons, or is try?
ing to force an unqualified acceptance
of other demands.
Would Be Considered
LONDON, April 23.?The German
ultimatum to Holland, according to ad?
vices received in London, demands the
right of transit not only for civilian
supplies and sand and gravel through
Holland, but also for war materials.
The privilege of transit is asked not
only on the Dutch canal3, but also on
The yielding of Holland on this point
would "be equivalent to the abandon?
ment of Dutch neutrality.
Meets; One Point in
Dispute Is Settled
THE HAGUE, April 23.?The Dutch
Cabinet met yesterday in extraordi?
The "Vaderland" says an agreement
has been reached regarding one point
which has caused friction between Hol?
land and Germany, but that the old
dispute concerning the transport of
sand and gravel to Germany continues
to be a stumbling block. Germany de?
sires to resume the practice of ship?
ping gravel through Holland, but the
Dutch government offers objections, on
the ground that new circumstances
German Ultimatum Not
Confirmed at The Hague
LONDON, April 23.?A Reuter dis?
patch from The Hague says:
"Nothing is known in competent
quarters hero of the rumored German
ultimatum threatening the occupation
of Dutch ports unless certain demands
German Mayor Held
In Capital as Enemy
WASHINGTON, April 23.?Frederick
C. Miller, tho German Mayor of Michi?
gan City, Ind., was arrested as an
enemy alien when he came here to?
day to discuss with Federal officials
the prospects for completing his natu?
His Lines at
Position Improved North of i
Albert, Where Enemy
Blow Is Expected
'British Also Gain
East of Robecq
Canadians Make Twelve
Successful Raids; Artil?
lery Fire Increasing
The period of intense artillery ac?
tivity and fierce local engage?
ments continues on the West
front, with both sides shifting and
feinting before the expected great
Field Marshal Haig reported last
night his troops had gained
ground east of Robecq and im?
proved their position around
Meieren, both points on the Lys
British troops advanced their line
250 yards on a 1,000-yard front
at Aveluy wood, north of Albert,
where observers believe it proba?
ble the Germans may strike in an
effort to break the Arras salient.
Berlin declared the British tried
ineffectually to cut the railroad
running north from Albert.
The Canadians, who ' hold Vimy
Ridge, raided the foe's'lines seven
times in twelve hours and carried
out a heavy bombardment. The
day's operations by the British
netted nearly 200 prisoners.
Premier Clemenceau, returning i
from the front, radiated optim?
ism. He said Allied confidence
was shown by the fact that Foch
would permit a limited number of
leaves of absences soon. No
leaves were permitted during the
offensive. He intimated the next
German drive will be directed
Winston Churchill announced yes?
terday the Allies had 1,000,000
more troops through/ measures
taken in consequence of the ene?
The German War Minister von Stein
declared to the Reichstag Main
Committee that the losses in the
offensive had been "normal," al?
though he admitted some Ger?
man detachments had lost two
thirds of their company leaders.
He indicated that Germany is
about to renew the drive in the
A London dispatch to The Tribune
says American divisions are al?
most certain to come into action if j
the Germans open a new attack on !
a large scale.
Foe's Trenches Seven
Times in 12 Hours
(li? Canadian Tress. Ltd.)
CANADIAN ARMY HEADQUARTERS
IN FRANCE, April 23.?The Canadians
during the last twelve hours have raid?
ed the German lines at seven places,
gassed the enemy with t'rusands of
lachrymatory and lethal shells, har-j
assed him by special artillery shots,
swept his trenches with machine gun
and rifle bullets and hammered his
front line with trench mortars.
In some of the raids sharp fighting
developed, in one instance protracted
hand-to-hand fighting taking place, this
struggle being so intense that the Ca?
nadians were unable to take prisoners.
The seven raids, together netted five
prisoners and two machine guns. Two |
of the prisoners have since died. '
From dusk until dawn the whole!
front has been lively north and south
of Lens. The ceaseless rumble of our
heavies, which are neutralizing hostile
batteries by calculated and continuous
gas shelling,, has been accompanied by
the sharper chorus of our., field artil-1
lery, carrying out a particularly |
! harassing fire programme. Periodically j
I our artillery lire has reached a barrage .
intensity in support of raiding parties.
Regularly the Boche lines have been I
lit up with scores of flares, betraying
the nervousness which has been pro?
duced among the enemy by such activ?
ity as he has not known on his front
for week3. The enemy has been forced
to tire his guns under gas clouds and
in gas masks.* He has betrayed the
effect of our tactics by the diminishing
Continued on next page, Column 3
BOTTLING UP THE U-BOATS
The map shows the section of Belgium's lowlying coast attacked in the
daring Allied raid-yesterday. Two ships loaded with concrete were sunk
to block the U-boat exit at Ostend and two more in the mouth of the
canal leading from Zeebrugge to Bruges. Troops landed on the mole
at Zeebrugge and various damage was done.
The insert pictures the harbor at Zeebrugge, with the protecting :
mole sweeping out like a fishhook in the foreground.
"Enemy Can Be Held," Is
Sentiment of French
By Caspar Whitney
[Tribune Cable Service]
PARIS, April 23.?"The Boche is
checked," said an officer, who shall
be nameless, but whose information
came direct from the French high
command, to me yesterday, "and T
am confident he can be held."
In the main drive for the Channel
ports, the German assault has had
three immediate, essential aims:
First, to hammer a wedge on the
Amiens front between the British
and French,which the latter frustrat?
ed once and for all by their prompt
response and gallant fighting; sec?
ond, the capture of the 30?-foot Kem
mel Hill, commanding the Ypres
area, and third, to batter down the
Givenchy gate to Bethune and the
last remaining French colliery, which
the utmost Hun efforts had failed to
British Line Is Stronger
The British line, reinforced by the
French, resting north to northwest
of the battleground on a broken
chain of little hills, with Kemmel on
the eastern and Cassel on the west?
ern end, bars the German progress
toward Calais, unless he can work
far enough north and west to envelop
the Allies' left. The latter contin
Continued on next page, Column 4
The Second Article
describing conditions from
Venice to Lake Garda
on Page 11
To Find U. S.
Army in Line
Several American Divisions
Ready to Aid British in
LONDON, April 23.?When the
new German attack in the West
opens some American divisions are
almost certain to come into action.
They are trained to the minute;
they are ready and anxious to get
into the fight.
It is disclosing no information to
say that the enemy reports Ameri?
can soldiers arriving on the battle
front in considerable numbers.
WASHINGTON, April 23.?The Ger?
man claim that the shock troops which
penetrated into American and French
lines in front of the village of Seiche
prey last Saturday returned to their
positions unobserved, after fighting
that lasted into Sunday, is denied in
a dispatch to-day from Franco quoting
an official French note. The fighting
resulted in complete success for the
French and Americans, the note said,
the enemy being "energetically forced
back to his own lines."
The dispatch also discloses that in
their dashing counter attack, which
drove the Germans from Seicheprey,
the Americans took prisoners.
"During the night of April 20 and
21, toward 5 o'clock In the morning," '
said the note, "after a bombardment of
unusual violence, including the use of
toxic shells, an enemy force equalling I
a regiment, reinforced by shock troops j
specially trained and brought up with j
this operation in view, threw them-1
selves energetically into the attack on
a front of nearly two kilometres. The
enemy succeeded in penetrating into
the French lines as far as Seicheprey,
which was hotly defended by the Amer?
"Immediately our intrepid allies,
passing in their turn to the offensive,
made in conjunction with our troops a
brilliant counter attack, which put them
once more in possession of Seicheprey
and permitted them to take prisoners.
A furious combat on both sides con?
tinued all day. At night the enemy,
who had succeeded in spite of the vig?
orous operations carried on by the
American elements in holding the
Remieres Wood, was driven out by an
energetic counter attack executed by
Freneh and American troops.
"The close cooperation of the two
armies once more brought marvellous
results, whieh gave us complete suc?
cess. The ground we previously occu?
pied was completely recaptured and
the enemy, energetically forced back to
his own lines* left prisoners in our
hands and many dead in front of our
barbed wire," . . ?
Forces Are Landed at
Both Ports, Under
Screen of Fire
From the Sea
Aid in Attack
British Lose One Large
Vessel and Several
Small Ones; Offi?
By Arthur S. Draper
(Tribune Cable Serrlce)
LONDON, April 23.?The biggest
naval engagement since /utland was
fought off Zeebrugge and Ostend
last night and early this foggy,
misty morning. The British attempt?
ed the same feat which Hobson tried
at Santiago and that the Japanese
tried at Port Arthur. Latest reports
indicate that they and the French
were fairly successful in blocking
the entrance to the Bruges Canal,
which has long served as a nest for
German submarines, torpedo boats
and other light craft.
Obsolete cruisers filled with con?
crete were run aground off Ostend
and Zeebrugge and then sunk. These
old cruisers, built anywhere from
twenty to thirty years ago, were un?
der the command of Vice-Admiral
Keyes, in charge of the forces at
Dover. Under the escort of British
and French destroyers and speedy
motor boats and launches, he crept
up to the Belgian coast.
Advance in Fog
A heavy fog hid Keyes's forces
from the enemy who has mounted
powerful long range guns all along
the coast from Nieupor? to Zee?
brugge. The fog added greatly to
the difficulty of navigation.
The enterprise, which required
weeks of planning and preparation,
was extremely daring in its con?
ception and execution. One object
was the destruction of the mole run?
ning out to Zeebrugge.
The cruiser Vindictive, fitted with
prows for landing parties of troops,
and escorted by Liverpool ferry?
boats, approached the mole, and the
crews, consisting of bluejackets, ma?
rines and volunteers from the Grand
Fleet, landed and after a furious
battle practically destroyed it with
mortars, flame projectors, and ex?
plosives. Having performed its job,
the Vindictive was sunk.
Third Cruiser Grounded
Another cruiser was also sunk
here, but the third grounded before
entering the harbor. At Ostend,
where the harbor is small, two other
cruisers were abandoned and sank:,
but it is feared that they go-off the
German marines defending Zee
brugge put up a stiff fight and the
British casualties were high consid?
ering the number engaged. Aside
from five cruisers and two sub?
marine blockships, the British losses
so far reported include a destroyer
sunk by gunfire from the mole, two
coastal motorboats, which are simi?
lar to submarine chasers, and two
motorboat scouts. One coastal mo
torboat reports the torpedoing of a
German destroyer which tried to es?
cape from Zeebrugge.
Faced Peru of Mines
This hazardous operation was car?
ried out in waters filled with mines
and along a shelving coast from
which the Germans have sent ont
naval raiding parties many times in
the last three years. Upon the sue?
cess of the operation, which the Ad?
miralty rates very high, depends th?
course of operations in the Channel
and adjoining waters. With their
two Belgian bases badly damaged
and blocked, the enemy, may bo
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