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The Great W a r ? 136 3 d Day
?orced to revise his plans for co- i operation with Ludendorff in his land operations in Flanders. After the disheartening: news of last mor.th, this story of one of the most daring of British enterprises at sea, has made a great impression. Far back I heard officers of the Grand Fleet discuss the probability of an attack on the-Belgian coast and express a hope that they v.-ould have a part in it. The un? fortunate feature was that the offi? cer who planned the attack lost his life while directing operations around Zeebrugge mole. Fog and Smoke Screen Hid Advance Of Raiding Ships LONDON, April 2.3.?The British navy struck to-day at the German submarine bases in Belgium and suc? ceeded, partially at least, in blocking up the U-boats' pates to the sea. Under cover of a heavy smoke and fog screen destroyers and light aux? iliary craft drove ?n at Ostend and | Zeebrugge towing obsolete cruisers j filled with concrete, and attempted to sink these at the mouths of the canals leading from these ports to the heart of Germany's undersea operations at Bruges. At Zeebrugge they fought a whirl? wind action, afloat and ashore, and were able to blow up and sink two * out of three of the concrete laden ships at the entrance to the canal. Results of the attack on Ostend have not been definitely determined. It is believed that this was not as successful as the other. In reporting to the House of Com? mons on the action Sir Eric Geddes, First Lord of the Admiralty, de? clared : "We have sufficient informa? tion to show that the entrance to the Bruges Canal probably was ef? fectively blocked, that material damage was done and that the greatest credit is due to all ranks for their galantry." Admiralty Statement The Admiralty Issued this state? ment: '?Early this morning a naval raid was made on Ostend and Zeebrugge, which are being used by the enemy as destroyer and submarine bases. Our forces are returning, and the scanty information so far received is. to the effect that the raid met with a reasonable mensuro of suc? cess. "With the exception of covering .-?hips, the force employed consisted of auxiliary vessels and six obsolete cruisers. Five of these ' cruisers, filled with concrete, were used as block ships, and, after being run aground, were, in accordance with orders, blown up and abandoned by the crews.' A further communiqu? will be issued when reports have ' been received from the ships which are now returning to their bases. ? ''No report of casualties has yet he- n received." Geddes Praises Gallantry Sir Eric Geddes, in supplementing the Admiralty report, said in giving the House of Commons such informa-1 tion as had come to hand of "this ex- j tremeiy gallant and hazardous raid": "I ask the members to appreciate that ; most of the officers and men from whom we have got to (ret the information have I beer, iightinp the greater part of the j night, and that some of them are not yet in. I "The raid was undertaken tinder com-j mand of Vice-Admiral Roger Keyes, | commanding at Dover. French destroy- [ era coopenited with the British forces. Six obsolete cruisers, all from twenty to thirty years o?d, took part in the attack. "They were the Brilliant, the Sirius, the Jphigonin, the Intrepid, the Thetis and tbe Vindictive. "The first five of these were filled with concrete and were to be sunk in the channel and entrances to the two ports, if this could possibly be man? aged. Volunteers Called For "The Vindictive, working with two ferryboats, carried storming and dem? olition parties to storm the head of the mole which runs out from Zee V-rugKe. Thi> Vindictive was specially fttted for landing storming parties and was armed specially far the purpose with flame thrower:?, Stokes mortars, and that sort of thing. "The men employed on the block ships and in the storming and demoli? tion parties on tha Vindictive were bluejackets and marines picked from a larjje number of volunteers from the Grand Fleet and naval and marine C?iildrQris properly tuil-b rS K o o s Convenient entrance 3 East 37th Street. Butten or lace. Sizes 11 to 2. Black or Tan Russia, from $5.50 White Buckskin $7.00 J3SLKTTK 415 Fifth Avenue BUYUBBHTY BONDS ?BERALL Y Destroyers Blew Up Zeebrugge Dock Gate! LONDON, April 24.?Two d stroyers got inside the mole at Zeebrugge and blew up the dock gate, the correspondent at Dover of "The Daily Mail" reports. The feat, he says, seems incredible, but there appears to be no doubt about it. Some of the men who took part in it say they saw the waters of the Br?gges Canal run? ning out after the gate was de sroyed and the vessels in the dock straining at their hawsers. depots. There was great competition for the undertaking, and we could only use a very small proportion of those who volunteered. "There were light covering force? belonging to the Dover command and Harwich forces under Admiral Tyr whitt covering the operation in the ; North. A force of monitors, together with a large number of very small motorboats, took part in the operation, which was particularly intricate and had to be worked to a timetable and in? volved delicate navigation on a histile : coast without lights and largely under unknown navigational conditions do- ] veloped since the war, with the added danger of mine fields. "I should like to mention that the of- ; ficer who developed the operation was i killed. , ! "The high development of scientific; use of fog or rmoke was one of the essentials to success. It was more fog than smoke, which, combined with cer? tain wind conditions, was essential 'to tho success of the operation, so as to j protect the operation from batteries which might have flanked it. The Plan of Attack "The plan was, after an intense bom- i bardment of Zeebrugge by the moni tors, the Vindictive, with auxiliaries to run alongside the mole and at tack it with gunfire as they approached. Storming and demolition parties were to be landed. Meantime three block ships, assisted by motorboats, were to make for the entrance to the canal, ? run aground and be blown up. Two j old and valueless submarines, filled j with ex-plosives, were to run against the pile work connecting the masonry with the shore, in order to cut off the mole from the shore. "At Ostend the operation was more simple, but the difficulties were con? siderably increased by mist, rain and low visibility and the consequent ab? sence of aerial cooperation. "The results thus far are known to be two block ships were run ashore and blown up at pstend. It is too ; early to say definitely whether they accomplished their object, but so f ar ! as the off icers vcould see in the dark-j ness they were slightly off the course. ? At Zeebrugge two of three block ships j obtained their objective, being sunk or ? blown up at the entrance of the canal. The third grounded while passing. "A certain amount of damage, the extent at present unknown, was done by gunfire and torpedo attack on an enemy destroyer and other craft lying at the Mole. Coastal motor boats re? port having torpedoed an enemy de? stroyer which was trying to escape seaward. One of the two old sub marin?is gained its objective and do- ! stroyed the piling approach to the j Mole. "Storming parties from the Vin-1 dictive and, the ferryboats attacked I under an extremely heavy fire and fought with the greatest gallantry, maintaining their position alongside j the mole for an hour and causing, it is i believed, much damage to the enemy j and inflicting considerable losses. The'! objectives for the storming and demo- ' lition parties on the mole were the j enemy forces holding it and the bat tery upon it, as well as the destroyer and submarine depots and the large seaplane base upon it. "After re?mbarking their landing; parties the aforesaid three vessels I withdrew. This attack primarily was intended to engage the attention of the ' garrison on the mole, thereby allow- ! ing the block ships to enter the harbor. "The casualties to the personnel, as we had expected in a hazardous ad ! venture of the kind, were heavy in ! proportion to the number of men en j gaged. Up to to-day the British losses ? reported are one destroyer sunk by | gunfire and two ' coastal motorboats and two launches missing." British Feat Recalls Hobson at Santiago] The feat of the British navy at Zee- ; brugge yesterday is naturally com- i I pared by Americans with tho exploit of Richmond Pearson Hobson in sink? ing the collier Mernmac at the en- ' trance to Santiago Harbor before day? light on June 3, 1898, for the pur I pose of "bottling up" Cervera's fleet, ! as the phrase of the day put it. i The operation was not successful, | for the gear of the stern anchors was ! shot away and the current swung the j ship parallel to the channel instead ? of across it. Hobson and his crew , were captured and treated with marked i consideration by the Spanish authori ? ties. Tho Spanith fleet escaped and was destroyed by the American vessels. Hobson later resigned from the navy, and from 1906 to 1915 represented an Alabama district in the lower house of Congress. Ostend and Zeebrugge Chief Nesting Places For German U-Boats The ports of Ostend and Zeebrugge. on the Belgian coast, are the principal bases for the operations of the subma? rines in their campaign against ship? ping in the North Sea and English Channel. They arc of great impor? tance to the Germans for this purpose, and it has been recognized by the Al? lies to deprive the enemy of them would bo one of the most effective means of dealing with the submarine. An attack on these port;? by the British fleet ha8 been urged, but the British naval authorities apparently regard the land defences as too strong to make this practicable. Various measures have been adopted to de? stroy German submarines on entering or leaving these ports. Field Marshal Haig's offensive in Flanders last sum? mer was generally believed to have as one of its main objectives the bendihg back of the German northern flank, so a? to deprive the enemy of these two points. The Bruges Canal is about six miles long, running from tho city of that name to the North Sea at Zeebrugge. This canal is of great value to the Germans, because the principal base of the submarines operating from Zee? brugge ?a at Bruges, where there are extensive docks and shipbuilding yards. Definite Offensive Against U-Boats On, Washington Belief WASHINGTON, April 23.-American naval officers await eagerly th? full j ?tory o? the French-Bmish naval blow I ngainist the German destroyer and j U-boat bases on the Belgian coast. The impression prevail!? here, support I nd by certain facts regarding Arneri ! can naval preparation??, that a eare 1 fully plann? naval offensive against ? the Uboats has begun which is to be pressed vigorously until the underwa- j ter raiders are bottled up or checked to such an extent that their operations will no longer be a serious factor. . There is nothing to indicate that the Navy Department had any advance in? formation as to the operations at Zeebrugge and Ostend. It is known, however, that officials here have been anticipating developments in the anti? submarine .warfare within the next few weeks that would establish a definite check on the U-boats. American co? operation in this effort is bein? ex- | tended in various ways which cannot be disclosed. Would Rot tie Them Up It ha? long boon tho belief of many officers here that much could be done j toward bottlinjr up the U-boats at their I sources, especially, their bases on the | Belgian const. The means to this end ! suggested have boon many, including ! mine fields, increased numbers of lifrht | surface patrol craft, new detection de vices, aircraft and submarines. All of j these and other elements enter into whatever plan of operations the naval j supreme council has formed. It was suggested to-day that the. re cent raidtin the Cattegat against trawl- j ers by British ships was a part of the, general plan for aggressive action. The , German Tight craft were engaged in | mino sweeping. By their destruction ' the German U-boats and heavy craft were excluded from the portion of the sea where the engagement occurred un? til other ways to remove the mines could be provided. Presumably the Allied naval forces now are preparing to mine the Belgian and Gorman coasts ? thoroughly, breaking up the mines with, a guard of heavy ships to beat off the German fleet should it come out, and | with numerous smaller craft to drive off or destroy mine sweepers that at? tempt to clear lanes for the U-boats. May Have Weakened Defence Some officers thought it probable j that the Germans had removed some I of their shore batteries for use in the ; fighting in Flanders. This might have censed the Allies to move just at this time and account for the boldness of the operations. Since the mid shows the German coast defences are not invulnerable, to some officers this action is looked upon as forecasting the possibility of an attempt to force a landing in the rear of the Gerrqan lines, thus turning the flank of the whole German position in Flanders. The peculiar formation of the Bel? gian coast has acted as an unsur mountablo obstacle to any major Al? lied naval offensive on the submarine bases. The gradually shelving beach prevents tithe approach of any but the lightest draft vessels. Narrow chan? nels piercing this shallow stretch of water were extensively mined by the Germans. Shore fortifications of un? usual strength add to the protection against attack from the sea. The importance attached by the Brit? ish to the Ostend Zeebrugge bases is indicated by the report that the Brit? ish have designed and constructed a special type of monitor for the sole purpose of attacking the places. ? - Losses in Sinking Of Ships Slight, Says British Writer LONDON, April 24.?Archibald S. Hurd, the well-known writer on naval subjects, reviewing the naval raid on Zeebrugge in the "Daily Telegraph," says : "The sea was smooth and the wind favorable, but unfortunately the wind changed after the operation was be? gun, with the result that the ingen? iously devised smoke screen was less effective than was hoped, and the British casualties were consequently increased. "Although the desperate fighting on the breakwater resulted in severe casualties, the losses in the desperate exploit of sinkins? the ships in the en? trance of the canal wore very light, owing to the skill with which the re iif ships were worked." Haig Advances His Lines at Three Points Continued from pape 1 volume of his fire, but he has made ' answer to our general raiding and gas activities by projecting much tear gas ' against our positions north of Lens. Gas Attack Fails This projection was bigger in volume than anything ever attempted again? I j the Canadians by the enemy. Its of feet, beyond discomfort, was slight. ; The weight of evidence gathered from ! ! enemy sources gives every ground for i belief that it must be far otherwise ! with the Boche. His gas is not so ef-1 ! fectual and his masks arc not nearly | : as good as ours. Of the batteries bombarded bv our; : gunners during the last twelve hours i I many will not be heard from for some I time. Continuous forcible feeding for such a protracted period on lethal and j tear gas, mixed with high explosives, I has proved too successful before to i doubt its destructive virtue now. Un ! able to obtain rubber to give the masks | j that close lit which is essential for full j j protection, the Germans' protective measuros fall short of our own, and : the enemy gunners must have suffered heavily under our bombardment, f or j j we used nearly G,000 shells against : \ some thirty battery positions. Our 4.5 ' i howitzers secured six direct hits on ? 1 concrete shelters in the Avion district. : Encountering gas in raiding opera- ? ; tions, one of our patrols, consisting of | i one officer and ten of other ranks, i | donned masks and proceeded into the ', ? enemy trenches until they encountered , I a hostile party of fifteen. A lively , ? fight ensued with bombs and rifles. Early in the morning another one- ' j hour battle occurred between patrols ' ; under cover of a smoke barrage from i grenades. Our men entered the enemy's ? line, bombed dugouts and killed two , and wounded one, and also secured val- ! uable information. With fair weather succeeding the cold, dark days of last week, our air- j planes were busy. With reckless disre- j gard for the regular machine gun or! rifle bullet barrage, a patrol of four of our machines flew up and down the | enemy trenches for fifteen minutes, at I altitudes of from fifty to a hundred ' yards, emptying mnchine gun drums . into the enemy front line. Similar work was carried out in other parts of the line, and at midnight one of our 'planes bombed the hostile firing trenches. BUY "MILLER" Lighting: Fiitures WHEN YOU BUILD. They are yn*\\ mode, fine '|im!ity,l?<?i?itlifiil k6oiI?. Srn them?how low we ???II high i;r?(i?) fixture?. Xavt thi? card. BUY ?MILLER" LAMPS Electric, Unn or OJ1 for GOOD LIGHT for lions?, Offlc??, BpogaJow. Clnb, lt<mr, ?rid for BBauTIfuL lumps for your liomesii'l for WEDDING PRESENTS. Buy them from ?lenient or Edward Miner & Co. Monulnolur.r?. r>l?bll.t..d 1844 ?8 ?n<l 70 1'AHK PLACE. N>w VorU. In NEXT ?lock WEST o? Woolwotth JiuUuMjjg. Military Comment By William L. McPherson A novel development on the Western front was the British and French naval attack on Zeebrugge mole and harbor, combined with a sup? plementary attack on Ostend. The Allied navies have never before attempted to land forces on a strip of coast held by the Germans. Their gallant exploit at Zeebrugge is, therefore, a sensational incident, whatever effect the attempt to block the entrance to the Bruges Canal may have in obstructing German U-boat activities. From Zeebrugge Harbor, which is protected by a mole extending i in a sweeping half circle into the North Sea, a deep canal leads inland to Bruges. The German submarines lie there in safety, when they return to refit. The object of the naval raid was to seal the mouth of the canal by sinking across it old vessels filled with concrete. It was the same idea which Lieutenant Hobson had when he tried to sink the collier Merrimac in the narrow entrance channel to the harbor of Santiago de j Cuba. Hobsorfs collier swung around parallel to the channel before ? it sank and plenty of room was left for Admiral Cervera's cruiser squadron to come out. Time will tell how effectually the Bruges Canal entrance has been blocked. But the apparent success of the enterprise will have a stimu? lating moral effect in Great Britain, where the patient waiting r?le assigned to the navy has long been keenly deplored. The British public likes nothing better than to see its splendid fleet in action, striking at the enemy, instead of guarding "rat holes" from which the rats seldom emerge. Those who have longed for a display of greater initiative on the part of the Allied sea forces will be heartened by the dramatic descent on Ger? many's chief Belgian port. It smacks of the sea traditions of older days. If it proves to have been even a partial success, attempts of a similar character will undoubtedly be made to seal up other German submarine bases. For two days in succession there has been a display of activity on the Sal?nica front. '.This does not indicate that a real offensive is about to be launched. Probably all that the Allied command has in view is a demon? stration which will attract attention in Sofia and increase the Bulgarian government's reluctance to lend troops to Germany and Austria-Hungary for use in France or Italy. The time for an Allied offensive in the Balkans is long past. Con? ditions which would have made it opportune ceased to exist after Rumania had been crushed and Russia had decided to draw out of the war. The Sal?nica army is now only a makeweight. It fulfils its function if it safe? guards Greece and keeps Bulgaria nervous. On the Flanders and Somme fronts only desultory fighting was re? ported yesterday. The new German blow in the West is still in prep? aration. Boche Checked; Foch Planning A Surprise Continued from pn^e 1 Kency is difficult and unlikely of per? formance, as his unsuccessful essay ' against the Belgians, and the latter's \ stout retaliatory defence indicate. The Germans at Bailleul and Neuve Eglise isolated the hills south and east of thi3 chain dominated by Kemmel, which the foe is trying to take, by pushing between Wytschaete and Wulverghem, to turn the British positions. The last days of the fighting have favored the Allies. The Boche waves have broken against a supei'b British defence and sharp, forceful French strokes. The lull, after two weeks of unceasing, desperate attack, with at? tendant heavy losses, undoubtedly presages an equally determined new effort, the Boche bringing up new men and supplies. While the German designs thus far have failed, their army remains undefeated, even though it appears to have lost its momentum, which in the past rarely has been regained. But the terrible struggle will con? tinue for a long time, for on its out? come restKthe German hopes of suc? cess in their whole costly offensive and their prospect of winning the War. Not the Final Battle This is not the final battle of the war, but the last one where the Boche can reckon on such a cliance, and there will be many critical, anxious days before the outlook can be declared safe for the Allies. The Germans are reported as having fifty fresh divisions untouched in France and as being able to draw upon further reserves from Russia, not to mention many divisions in Rumania, not engaged and unac? counted for. It is advisable to keep in mind that Germany's man power is as yet j unexhausted, rather than to dwell joyfully and heedlessTy upon her losses, which, though tremendous, can be repaired long enough to maintain her present great striking power. Allies Are Stronger Grave, indeed, as is the situation, j there are several good reasons for faith in final Allied results, Man for man the British and French have shown a distinct superiority over the Boche, against great odds. The battle is being fought accord? ing to the plan of Foch, in whom complete trust may be confided, and who undoubtedly has a surprise in store for the Germans, with a cer? tain army abiding its time to strike. This reserve force the Germans are trying hard, but unsuccessfully, to locate. The Allies for the first time are a real amalgamation of the Allies, with unity of command, of which there has been such ueed, and which, had it been accomplished earlier in this war, would have pro | duced results quite beyond calcula | tion. i French Bolster Battle Line The present battle line, at first entirely British, is now half French, ; to whose swift advance and fierce ? fighting, always where needed?first I in the drive at Amiens and now in i the threat at Ypres?the German ??check must be credited. The spirit of the Allies is buoyant, and the armies are prepared to meet I the next shock, however severe, j Doggedly courageous, the British, at best against heavy odds, have I their backs against a wall which ! grows increasingly stronger with re ! serves of men and guns; the French, 1 always intrepid and reliable, have s ! General Staff to whom the stratcgj i of war is an open book. But to overcome Germany's im j mcnse resources, which she uses wltr a prodigality beyond all compare j and which constitute her present for 'midability and her future weakness RE you just a Boo - Hoo Patriot? Does a lump swell your throat and a tear pearl your eye, as you read of our "boys over there" fearlessly facing the Black Blank of the Great Beyond? Man alive, that's not patriotism?it's only emotional auto-intoxication. True-blue patriotism indulges neither in weak emotion, nor wasted motion. It works, it doesn't weep; it suffers, it doesn't snivel; it renounces, it doesn't repine; it fights, it doesn't falter. The proof of Patriotism is to buy Liberty Bonds to cast into Bullets to hew a heroes* lane to Victory. A Liberty Bond Puts The You In U.S.A. Civilian. Army H^HaAnd Navy Tailor Broadway at 39& St eO^fcxrs On This Corner msn power is the vital question of the hour, and in America rests the Allies' chief reliance. Allies Look to America The Allies are prayerfully follow? ing the course of Crowder's sugges? tions as the only practical assurance of uninterrupted and undelayed necessary ships, aeroplanes and other war supplies. America must look open-eyed into the situation which menaces her as much as the Allies, and her duty for safety is now to adopt quickly all approved measures and end the war vic? toriously. Half measures are insufficient for the Allies, herself, or the cause. She has dallied too long at fearful cost to the Allies. Her duty is not only to register and militarize labor as elsewhere, but to call up further soldier drafts immediately. If America to-day had a million ? fighting men on the Western front the war would be finished this sum? mer. That she is not prepared to do her full part now is costing thou? sands of lives and millions of dollars which could have been saved. The need is for men in this war of endurance, and for aeroplanes to fight them economically, and ships to bring them. In addition to a million fighters here by December, America, to do her share, must send another million by the spring of next year and a further million by summer. Three million is the minimum if we wish to exist as a free people, and we must realize that we have as much at stake as the others. Killing .Germans is the only thought open to patriots in this hour. German Losses Only Normal, Says War Minister AMSTERDAM, April 23.?Advices re? ceived from Berlin say that at a meet? ing of the Main Committee of the Reichstag, which was discussing army estimates, War Minister von Stein made a statement on the Western of? fensive in which he paid a tribute to what he termed the splendid per? formances of the German troops. "Our officers," said Lieutenant Gen? eral von Stein, "once again have proved their well tried faithfulness unto death." The War Minister said that some de? tachments had lost twothirds of their company leaders. "Our losses have been quite normal ADVERTISEMENT THIS buying of Liberty Bonds is a very personal problem ? resting between a man and his own con? science, and a troubled conscience isn't pleasant to live with. IN FINANCIAL DISTRICT 60 Broadway IN ?HARLEM 125* St& Lenox Ave. ?C?LUMB1A p TRUST j COMPANY! IN SHOPPING CENTRE SC-AveS-MtSt INTHE BRONX W8*St.& Third Ave. and in some cases remarkably small," he continued. "They are mainly at? tributable to infantry and machine gun fire, and a great number of the wound? ed already have been sent back to the front, thanks to the devoted activity of our medical officers. "Our successes -in the West are to be regarded as a great victory. From southwest of Arras to La Fere We broke through the English positions to a depth of sixty kilomjtres (thirty seven and a half miles). About 100,000 prisoners and 1,500 guns were our booty there. "Afterward we drove the French from strong positions across the Oise Aisne canal and beat the English again in battle at Armentieres, captur? ing over 20,000 prisoners and 250 guns." After an allusion to the long-range bombardment of Paris, the minister described the difficulties of rapidly pursuing an army. British Make New 250-Yard Advance Near Aveluy Wood [By Tho Associated Press] WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IN FRANCE, April 23? The fighting con? tinued yesterday in the region of Ave? luy Wood, near Albert. The British ad? vanced their line south of the wood some 250 yard3 alone a front of 1,000 yards, thereby improving their position. Otherwise there was little change in the situation yesterday or last night. In touring virtually the whole line from north*to south the correspondent everywhere found a feeling of op? timism. Yesterday, as the shell-shaken town of Villers-Bretonneux. was reached, a British military band in a The Official Statements LONDON, April 23.?Field Marshal Haig's reports to-day fol? low: NIGHT.?In local lighting east of Robecq reported this morning, another minor' operation having as it object the improvement of our line in this sector was carried through to complete success. In addition to a gain of ground we captured 120 prisoners and a number of machine guns. We also improved our position slightly early this morning in the neigh? borhood of Metercn, and secured several prisoners and four machine guns. The hostile artillery developed considerable activity early in the morning, with gas shells, in the Villers-Bretonncux sector. DAY.?As a result of a successful local operation carried out by us last ' night ncrth of Albert we improved our position and captured sixty pris? oners. A number of prisoners have been taken by us also in the Robecq sector and near Wytschaete, in both of which areas local fighting occurred, to our advantage. In the neighborhood of Fampoux one of our raiding parties entered the enemy's trenches and penetrated his support lines. The hostile artillery was active yesterday afternoon and during the night west of Albert and on the greater part of our front from south of the j Forest of Nieppe to east of Ypres. Concentrations of hostile troops ob? served in the Villers-Bretonneux sector and in the neighborhood of Serre were engaged by our artillery. ! Artillery Activity Reported by Paris PARIS, April 23.~The French War Office to-day issued the fol? lowing statements: NIGHT.?There was great artillery activity on both sides in the region of Hangard-en-Santerre and in the sector west of Noyon, but no infantry action. DAY.? Rather spirited artillery engagements occurred on the Somme j front and east of Rheims. German raic'3 between Lassigny and Noyon, northwest of Rheims and in the Vosges were without results. Prisoners remained in our hands. British Repulsed at Aveluy, Berlin Says BERLIN, April 23.?General Headquarters to-day gave out ths following: | DAY.?On the battlefronts the fitting activity was limited. Artillery i duels and local infantry operations were resumed temporarily. The British infantry was especially active between Lens and Albert. Reconnoitring detachments which advanced at numerous points against our lines were everywhere driven back. The enemy with strong forces at? tempted to regain ground lost at Aveluy Wood Sunday, and also to capture the railway north of Arras on both sides of the Bouzincourt-Aveluy road. In repeated costly assaults he lost a number of prisoners. j_ During the last two days thirty enemy airplanes were brought down. JPJU ^?^?- ?fSgJp i*%** lt>* P # i i3| '^i*% ^EM|P ? ^3#P 564 S?16 568 3?'if?h ^AftiltUt*. jS^P AT 45~5T H.? Subscriptions for Liberty Bonds Will be taken at our booth (Main Floor) Will place on sale to-day Several models in Fashionable Tailormade Suits taken from regular stocks of Fine Serges?twills and tricotines?and made according to the Gidding standard of excellence at *45e Also Twenty distinct and fashionable models in suits of superior excellence at *65. camp not far away struck up a smash? ing American march. It was a small incident, but indicative of the spirit of the men. ADVERTISEMENT The follov . w resolution v:ax passtg at the last meeting of the. Nevo York Bwr? of Trade 'und Transportation: SHALL WAR EFFICIENCY BE LIMITED? The highest possible efficiency in every department of the Government, and in every branch of work under such departments, is requisite at this time to achieve the greatest attainable expedition in the Nation's preparation for war. The standard efficiency methods ap I proved by long experience and practice ? in large private industrial plants by time studies, by premiums, bonuses j and cash rewards to workers in addi ? tion to regular wages have been pro? | ductive of marvelous results in the in? crease of the output, and have given | remarkable rewards to capable work? ers, who by greater natural or ac I quired skill were able to outstrip tho laggard and less efficient workers. But the walking delegates' mandate is that the output of the capable and efficient worker shall be no greater th-n that of the incompetent, and, therefore, all time studies, bonuses and like inducements to efficiency are forbidden wherever trade unions dic? tate and the efficient man is held in check and to the pace fixed by the in , efficient. In the 62d, 63d and 64th Congresses ? the walking delegates' influence nre vailed and provisions enacted in the various naval, military and sundry civil bills forbade the adoption of any efficiency methods affecting employees engaged on Government work. The walking delegates, with head? quarters at the National Capital, are supporting the following provision in the pending Naval Appropriation bill, viz.: "That no part of the appropriations made in this Act shall be available for the salary or pay of any officer, man? ager, superintendent, foreman or other person having charge of the work of any employee of the United States Government while making or causing to be made with a stop-watch or other time-measuring device a time, study of any job of any such employee between the starting and completion thereof, or of the movements of any such em? ployee while engatced upon such work; nor shall any part or the appropria? tions made in this Act be available to p . any premiums or bonuses or cash reward to any employee in addition to his regular wages, except for sugges? tions resulting in improvements or economv in the operation of any Gov? ernment plant." In February. 1917, the House of Representatives bv a vote of 114 w 101 attached a similar provision to the Army Appropriation bill in defiance of the adverse report of the Committee on Military Affairs, the prof?';- of the I Secretarv of War and the Chief of Ordnance. That was before the United States had entered the war. It was repre? hensible then, but approaches treason now, and is treasonable to the extent that it will give aid and comfort to the enemy by hampering efficiency and diminishing the output of material im? peratively needed to supply our Army and Navy with the means with which to fight. On Thursday last the U. S. Senate by a vote of 34 to 25 rejected an amendment to the Sabotage bill, which had been introduced in the House, and reported by the Conference Commit? tee of the Senate, which would have exempted trade unions from the pro? visions which imposed heavy fines and imprisonment. A press despatch from Washington says that 11 Democratic and 23 Re nyblican Senators voted against the proposed exemption of trade unions, while -1 Rcnublican Senators voted for such exemptions, so that party lines were broken on the question. Several Senators pointed out very definitely that under, the Ruise of striking for more wages trade unions might easily be nor^uaded by pro-German agitators or I. W. W. to stop work in vital war industries. A number of Adminiatra ? tion Senators denounced any policy, that would permit interference with wnr work at the very time when Amer? ican troops are going into action in the battle of Picardy and asserted that strikes would be a direct blow at the soldiers. It is quite as manifest that if all efficiency methods shall be forbidden by Congress as proposed in the pro? vision of the Naval Appropriation bill that we have quoted, and if the pace of our war work is to he gauged by the pnce and capacity of the indolent worker and no advafntape cr.n be taken of trie possibilities of the capable and the efficient, it will constitute a direct blow nl the soldiers quite as disas? trous in its effect as a strike. Although the walking delegates are responsible for the introduction of the pending anti-efficiency provision of the Naval Appropriation bill. it. neverthe? less, will not be enacted unless cow? ardly fear and selfish political consid? erations prevail with Senators ?n? Representatives in Congress over patriotism and the performance of a clear duty to our- fighting men at the front and to the Nation. In this attitude towards the pe.idmg provision the loyalty of every Senat?' and member of Congress is on tr>*'* The issue is clear. Its support will &* from selfish motives and a disregara of the vital war situation. . We therefore verv earnestly ?PP**1 to Senators WadswoVth and Calder *w I to every Representative in Congres? from this State to oppose by their m ! fiuenco mid their vote the passage ox the above quoted provision of ttw ; Naval Appropriation bill, ?nd e'f,-?J i other proposed measure which wou'* operate to limit the efficiency of ??X employee of the Government ?"V hamper tho prosecution of the ??? ?