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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 03, 1918, Image 2

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The G_p_e a t W a p -13 72d Day
..olidly knitted front at the wish of I
the Allied high command as freely as
'?.rtniti divisions.
Against the enemy's territorial gain??
must be set the fact that he had to
throw 140 divisions into battle in five
necks. A considerable number of
those have been twice engaged and
some thrice. Adding these reappear?
ance., together, there is a total of 186
engagements of divisions, equivalent to
a mass of two and one-half milito.,
men whom the enemy has already put
into battle. As a Gorman division is
never withdrawn until it has sustained
severe losses, on an average of 2,500.
it is reasonable to reckon the enemy''
loss since the beginning of the battle
at not less than 350,000
Already the German staff is most
anxiously realizing that the reserves
of fresh troops are not greater than
those under General Foch.
Germans~Fo~rced
To Admit Costly
Check at Ypres
?Staff (Correspondence]
WASHINGTON', May 2. -An official
French dispatch relating to military
operations received here to-day says:
"The importance of the check suf?
fered by the Germans in their attack
of April _0 needs no demonstration.
Here, however, is further and sig?
nificant proof of it: The day before
the attack the enemy notified the entire
world that the taking of Mount Kemmel
at the beginning of the new battle as?
sured him a rapid march to the sea,
and a radiogram from Nauen cited the
article of the military critic of the
'Berliner Zeitung am Mittag,' who
stated that this success must have 'a
decisive effect on the ulterior develop?
ment of the struggle, since it was nec
c;*,.ary to return to a more just esti?
mate of realities,' and the same official
service of radiograms at Xauen on the
date of May 1 indulges in these modest
explanations of the military critic of
the 'Svenska Dagbladct," pro-German
paper of Stockholm:
" 'The development of events south?
west of Ypres shows that the taking
of Kemmel was not the signal of an
operation on a large scale. With that
supposition, the struggle would have
promptly continued and the advantage
won would have been exploited in an?
other way.' It is an admission of the
costly check of April 29."
Foe in Awkward
Predicament in West,
Says French Expert
Illy Cable lo The Courrier fit* EUts-Unt?]
TARIS, May 2. -The Germans are in
an awkward predicament in the West,
says Henri Bidou, the famous military
critic of the "Journal des D?bats." He
??ums up the situation as follows:
"The dominating fact is that the
enemy, whose principal interest is in
Picardy, finds himself, probably in
spite of himself, In a situation where
lie is obliged to throw in forces, always
more considerable, without the success
he obtains bringing him nearer a de?
cision.
"Having commenced on April '.> south
of Armentierea an engagement which
was no more than a simple diversion,
he curved his line forward and the next
day had to extend his action to the
north. In this way he has dug out a
vast pouch, where in a few days He
spent twenty-one divisions; but this
pouch being barred on both flanks, he
had to disengage his right flank by an
operation in the Ypres sector which led
to the capture of Kemmel.
"But this capture in turn made neces?
sary an assault on other hills and a gen?
eral operation against Ypres, which up
to the present has been a complete
check.
"So, since April 27 the Germans have
thrown into the Flanders fighting moro
than forty divisions. Moreover, since
March 21 they have engaged more than
one hundred divisions in Picardy, of
which many have fought twice and
some three times.
"The Germans resemble at this mo?
ment a man who has eaten too big a
dinner and tries to correct it by drink?
ing more than usual. The headache is
still to come."
18,000 Prisoners
Join Italians to
Fight Austria
PARIS, May 2.?Eighteen thousand
soldiers of Rumanian origin who were
captured by the Italians while fighting
under the Austrian flag have asked
permission to go to the front against
Austria. The request has been grant?
ed, and organization of those troops is
under way.
With tho entrance of this force
into the field three armies composed
of former subjects of the Central
Empires will be fighting on tho side
of the Allies. Czech troops are al?
ready under arms on the Italian front,
and there is a Polish army on the
French front. _
Revolt of Starving
People Menaces
Austria-Hungary
LONDON, May 2 (via Ottawa).?-The
best indication of tho enemy defeat in
Northern Flanders, in the view of
London newspapers, is tho evident im?
minence of a renewal of the peace of?
fensive. Tho German papers em?
phasize the report that the Pope is
about to issue a new peace note, while
tho German peace agents are busy in
neutral countries. Articles in ti.v
Scandinavian press suggest that Italy
may be the main objective of the
enemy attempts to divide the Allies.
Meanwhile the troubles of tho Aus?
trian Empire are apparently coming to
a head. The Cabinet crises in Austria
and Hungary are still unsettled. Tho :
"Arbeiter Zeitung," of Vienna, do- i
nounces Hungary for starving Austria j
and declares that the imports from
the Ukraine arc still remote and empt> ?
stomachs cannot afford to await. Tho
arrival of Czccho-Slovak troops on the
Italian front, under the Italian flag,
han disquieted the Austro-Hungarian
leaders, who fear tho effect on their
Slav troops. Recently some of these
men persuaded a number of Austrian
Csechs to desert, which the Italian
barrage between the Austrian support
and front lines enabled them to do.
-
General Robertson
Predicts Long War
Entire Empire Determined to
See It Through, He
Declares
LONDON. May 2.?"The war is likely !
to last a long time yet," said General i
Sir William R. Robertson, ex-Chief of I
General Staff, speaking here to-day.
"How long it will last no sane man
would dar. to estimate. One of the
reasons why the war was not finished
long ago is that we were unprepared
for it when it began, while the enemy
had been preparing for years. We are
now paying the penalty for that unpre
par._ne.-s, which in the past has
caused countries to become bankrupt
or ruined, but we have no intention of
becoming bankrupt or ruined."
"? know," he concluded, "that every
right-minded person in the empire has
made up his mind t> see things
through." k J
?
GERMAN AGGRESSIONS IN THE EAST
The shaded portion of the map is the "People's Republic of the Ukraine," ?
where the Germans have suddenly thrown o?' their masks, jailed the
"Minister of War" and proclaimed martial law in the capital, Kiev. !
Pushing beyond what is Ukrainian territory by any known claim, the |
Germans yesterday reported the capture of Sebastopol, in the Crimea, J
the principal Russian Black Sea naval base. To the north of the Ukraine j
Poland, Lithuania, Esthonia and Livonia lie under the German heel, j
Finnish troops, with Germans accompanying them and probably directing ?
their movements, have moved east until at last report they were about ?
seventy-five miles from Petrograd and still advancing.
Military Comment
By William L. McPherson
THE German Western offensive is still languishing. In the north j
von Arnim's armies have not yet recovered from the shock of
Monday's staggering defeat. The German infantry is resting j
and waiting for reinforcements. Some artillery activity was'reported
yesterday in the neighborhood of Morris. There was similar activity
Wednesday night at St. Venant.
These two points lie to the north and to the south of the Forest of
Nieppe and cover the northern and southern approaches to Hazebrouck.
In this region the Germans have made no progress for the last two
weeks. Their efforts have been concentrated more and more on the
north side of the Lys Valley salient. Ypres is still only two miles from
the German lines to the south and east of it. And Ypres has a senti?
mental and theatrical value which strongly appeals to German psychology.
Therefore, it is unlikely that von Arnim's next thrust will be directed
at any other point than Ypres.
In the Somme region there were local engagements. The French!
again improved their positions southeast of Amiens. They retook all
of Hangard Wood, which they lost about a week ago. They also retook
Beaune Wood, which lies to the southeast of Mailly-Raineval. In the
whole Somme district the Germans are marking time. They have found
no spot in the Allied defence weak enough to encourage them to attempt
a major operation.
The most interesting news yesterday came from the old Eastern front.
The Germans seized Sepastopol. This amounts te a new declaration of
war on Russia, for Sebastopol lies beyond the border Russian provinces
affected by the treaty of Brest-Litovsk. It is in the Crimea, which was
spared to Russia in the great dismemberment.
The Germans want to control the Black Sea, so as to secure their
hold on the rich oil regions of Batum. They have gone to Sebastopol in
order to get possession of the Russian Black Sea Meet, or, at least, to
deprive it of its chief base.
With the Russian fleet in their hands they might even set up a new ?
naval base of their own at Constantinople, using Russian and Turkish
ships for raiding operations in the Eastern Mediterranean. The Allies i
now have trouble patrolling those waters and protecting the communi?
cations of the Sal?nica army.
It has been suggested that our navy could be put to a larger use
by assisting to police the Eastern Mediterranean. But our anomalous
state of peace with Turkey and Bulgaria blocks the way.
The seizure of Sebastopol is a warning. It is also an evidence that
German designs in the East are such as to compel the retention of a
considerable body of German troops on that front. General Eichorn
has just deposed the government of Che Ukrainian Republic Russia is
being daily affronted and humiliated. Even peace-at-any-price visionaries
like L?nine and Trotzky may be eventually goaded into fighting. And ;
the German overlords, who ply the goad, need at least German Land-'
sturm regiments to back them in safeguarding German plunder and I
spreading Kultur in Slavdom.
American Airman
Home With Record
Of 4 Boche Victims
Sergeant William Wellman
Arrives With Coveted
Croix de Guerre
AN ATLANTIC PORT, May 2.?
Driving a Boche airman to the ground,
killing him as ho ran for shelter, then
bornberding his Jiangar was one of the
amazing feats'that was told of by Ser?
geant William Wellman, an unassum?
ing young American liier belonging to
the Lafayette Squadron, on his arrival
here to-day.
Wellman, a slim youth of twenty,
wore pinned to his blue tunic the
coveted Croix do Guerro and the two
palms which represented four Boche
aviators brought down within six
months of activo service with tht
American troops on the Lorraine front.
Thomas Hitchcock, tho seventeen
year-old son of tho noted clubman and
horseman, shared in two of these an
battles before he was brought down
wounded, and taken prisoner after o
furious fight ?-.lono against four cnemj
flyers. Wellman saw his chum downed
before he could go to his rescue.
"But he made a brave,light for it
and engaged the four Roche all the
way to the ground," said Wellman, with
pride. "Tommy was caught on March 6
lie was up atone, when a 'circus' o?
four Germans arose and *got betweei.
him and our lines. Then they drove
him behind their own lines, and that
was the last seen of him. But wo heard
later,,through Geneva, that he had been
wounded severely before he was capt?
ured."
Wellman did not remember the time
of the four engagements which had
won tho French honors for him for
bravery under fire, and had to consult
a silver cigarette case, on the inside
of which were .-ngraved the dates of
tHe battle!--.
"The first fight took place on Jan?
uary 19. It was on the Lorraine sec
tor, and Hitchcock and 1 were flyinf
above the American troops statione.
in the first line trenches. We tool
on a German battleplane, and smashei
j it down with machine-gun firo, mukinj
i it fall in No Man's Land.
"Tho next day we attacked a doubl
battleplane, and chased it as far a
Mamy, where it descended behind th
(ierman lines. The pilot and gunno
got out und started to run towur
their trenches. We-swooped down o
j them, to within five feet from th
ground, and opened fire with our mi
| chine guns. Wo killed the pilot jus
, as he reached the shelter of \%h<
j trench, but the gunner escaped.
"The German machine guns wei
rattling all around us, and shells wei
I falling when we started back. W
thought we'd make a complete job <
it, however, so we bombarded tl
nearby hangar, wrecking it. ar
i emptied our guns into the fallen m.
i chine. We got back, luckily, withoi
being touched.
"After Hitchcock's capture, I fk
alone, and on March 9 Brought dov
two machines. First I got a biplan
then twenty-fivo minutes later a mon
plane."
Wellman, who went from the sh
to his home in Cambridge, Mass., sa
he was wounded on March 29, wh
his machine was hit by anti-aircrt
guns, and he was forced to land in t
woods. He said he expected to
with the American forces as soon
he was sufficiently recover^ to retu
to France.
I
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?-?
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THE NAME
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"Where Only the Best
?s Good Enough"
Old patrons (and prospective
new ones) are assured that the
established high standard of
cuisine, service and appointments
will be maintained this season as
in the past.
Open May 11th.
New York Office, 402 Madison Ave.
Telephone 7070 Murray Hill.
British Capture
City in Palestine, |
But Lose 9 Guns
Es Salt, Near Dead Sea,
Taken With 350 Turks
and Germans
LONDON, May 2?British troops in
Palestine have captured Es Salt, cast
of the Jordan River, taking 350 Turk-'
munication claims the repulse of a
ish and German prisoners, but subse?
quently a detached brigade was at?
tacked by superior numbers and forced :
to abandon nine guns, it was officially
announced to-day. A Turkish com- ;
British force in Mesopotamia.
The British statement says that I
while infantry units attacked the I
Turks in the foothills south and
southeast of Es Salt on Wednesday!
Australian cavalry captured the city, j
A*; the same time a mounted brigade j
set to watch the crossings of the Jor
dan, the exact places involved not be- j
ing stated, was assaulted by _. body of !
the, enemy. This force had crossed the
Jordan in the night. The brigade fell
back, and, owing to the "rtiihcult and
broken country," it was found neces?
sary to leave nine guns behind, al?
though the horses belonging to them .
an^j the gunners all got away safely, j
Other Attacks Repulsed
Reinforcements were immediately
dispatched from the main body of the
British and the operations are still go?
ing on. The enemy attacked at sev?
eral points west of the Jordan Tues?
day night and was thrown back.
The town of Es Salt has 12,000 peo?
ple and is twenty miles northeast of
the east end of the Dead Sea, at an
elevation of 2.700 feet.
Tho official statement follows:
"On Wednesday morning while ourj
infantry moved to attack the enemy in i
the foothills south and southeast of j
Es-Salt, Australian mounted troops en?
tered Es-ISalt, capturing ?'. Germans
and ;.U7 Turkish prisoners.
"In the course of these, operations a |
mounted brigade debouched to watch. ?
Tho Jordan crossings was attacked by 1
a superior force of tho enemy, which '
had crossed the river during the night, !
and was compelled to fall back. Horse
artillery batteries supporting this bri- !
gade, in the most difficult and broken |
country, were obliged to abandon nine
guns which could not be saved, al- i
though the detachments and horses
were safely withdrawn. Necessary sup?
port for this detached brigade was im?
mediately forthcoming and the opera- :
tions are continuing.
"West of the Jordan local enemy at
tacks at several points were repulsed !
during Tuesday night."
Turks Claim a Victory
Tho Turkish statement on the fight- j
ing in Mesopotamia, issued in Con- j
stantinoplo Wednesday, said:
"Strong English infantry and cav- !
airy detachments west of the River |
Scheria on Tuesday were mown down |
while attempting to penetrate the !
Turkish lines. All the positions re
mained in Turkish possession. North
of the Scheria a cavalry patrol was
repulsed."
Artillery Fighting
Increases in Italy
Rome Reports Gun Duels
Growing More Intense in
Three Zones
ROME. May 2.?"Brisk patrol en?
counters took place yesterday in the
village of Stoccareddo and on the
slopes of Monfenera," gays an official
statement given out here to-day. "An
enemy party was dispersed on Sasso
rosso,
"There was a more intense hostile
nrtiliery duel in the Tonale zone, at
various points on the Asiago Plateau
and on the Lower Piave River.
"Italian batteries dispersed enemy
troops at Dossdeimorti, and made di?
rect hits on trains in Primolano, Suse
gana and Conegliano.
"Italian aviators brought down three
enemy airplanes. British airmen
brought down two others."
Dutch Shipping From
East Indies Resumed
Traffic With America Permit?
ted, Is Minister's Reply to
Amsterdam Merchants
AMSTERDAM, May 2.-Telegrams
were dispatched by the Chamber of
Commerce, of Amsterdam, to-day to the
Dutch Ministers of Colonies and For?
eign A-Tnirs, urgently requesting that
shipping traille between the Dutch East
Indies and the United States be re?
sumed immediately. The Minister of
Colonies replied that instructions had
been cabled on Wednesday to the Gov?
ernor General of tho East Indies to
the effect that traffic in the direction
of America may now be resumed.
The request of the Chamber of Com?
merce was made on the ground that the
accumulations of colonial products
wero assuming unmanageable propor?
tions, with consequent deterioration,
especially in the supplies _f tobacco,
tea and rubber, while the difficulties of
financing and insuring the cargoes, it
was added, were becoming well nigh
insuperable.
The Official Statements
LONDON, May 2.?Field Marshal Haig's reports from British head
I quarters to-day follow :
NIGHT.?A raid which the enemy attempted this morning in the neigh?
borhood of Hebuternc was repulsed. Except for the usual artillery activity
on both sides there is nothing to report. , .
DAY.?The eneiWy's artillery developed considerable activity early this
morning in the Villers-Bretonneux sector and in the neighborhood of
Merris. Some nctivity was shown also during the night in the Arras, Lens
and St. Venant sectors. No infantry action is reported.
Captured Baune Wood, Paris Announces
PARIS, May 2.?The War Office announcements to-day said:
NIGHT.?Both artilleries were quite active north and south of the
Avi*e. Last night our troops mado an appreciable advance in Hangard
Wood.
This morning we carried out local operations which enabled us to oc?
cupy Baune Wood, southwest of Mailly-Raineval. We took about thirty
prisoners, including one officer, and captured five machine guns.
There was artillery action between P:irroy Forest and tho Vosges.
DAY.?-North of the Avre a German attack on French positions in the
region of Thenne. was broken up by the French fire. Other German efforts
north of Chavignon and northwest of Rheims gained no greater success.
The French carried out a number of raids, especially near Le Monchcl,
west of Coucy le Chateau and north of Font-a-Moussons, and brought back
twenty prisoners.
Berlin Tells of Artillery Actions in West
BERLIN, May 2.?German general headquarters to-day gave out the
following :
DAY.?On tho battlefronts the situation is unchanged. The artillery
duel increased in the Mount Kommel sector and it repeatedly revived be?
tween the Somme and tho Luce Brook, near Montdidier, Lassigny and Noyon.
The French artillery was lively during the afternoon hours, on the Lor?
raine front. Minor enemy thrusts were repulsed.
Deserted Villages on American
Front Tell Mute Story of War
Half Cooked Meals on Stoves, Cats Mewing on Thresholds,
Ploughs and Harrows Standing in Fields Are
Witnesses to Hurried Flight
By Wilbur Forrest j
[Tribune Cable Service]
THE FRENCH BATTLEFRONT, Sun
are facing them in this part of France,,
day, April 28.?Now that the German
forces are aware that American forces
aro facing them in this part of France
it is possible for the first time to
describe the war's transformation of
the peaceful French countryside and
villages to a battleground which cer?
tainly will enter into American war
history.
A few weeks ago the faint rumbling
of the firing to the north and the let?
ters to the home folks from the few sol?
diers at the front were the only indica?
tions of war. Men and women worked
in the green fields with their oxen and
horses. Kids played in the village
squares, old men and, women hobbled
through the streets or sat in door?
steps and younger women hustled
about the. housework and gardens.
Just as tho fruit trees began to
bloom and the wheat began to peop
through tho brown fields and the gar?
den flowers began budding the pleas?
ant life in the dozen villages here?
abouts went to pot. Domestic life
went out as the war came in.
No Villager Left to Tell Story
The story of how the spring sun
rose one morning a short time ago on
this peaceful, domestic city and fell on
?A dozen deserted agricultural com?
munities where perhaps two dozen
generations of French peasant folk
were born and died was told to me by
a French soldier to-day. There isn't
a singlo villager left to tell it, but
the neat households, with the family
photos on the walls, tho fields and
gar.lcns and baby cradles and chil?
dren's toys mutely tell a stronger
story of war than the villagers them?
selves could tell.
The villagers hurriedly harnessed
their oxen and horses, piled what few
belongings they could on their con?
veyances, and fled. The French reserves
who filled the village at nightfall found
the fires still smouldering, potatoes
peeled, half-cooked meals on the stoves,
cats still mewing on the threshholds,
plows and harrows left in the fields
just where they were when the farmers
received the alarm.
On the wall of tho room in which
this is being written, the benign face
o? an old mother looks out of a wooden
frame over the. fireplace. In the centre
of the room on an imitation mahogany
table stands a battalion adjutant mak?
ing marks on a hieroglyphic military
map. On the mantle is an American
alarm clock. Above the mantle and
over the mother's picture is Clemen?
ceau, now the French Premier, a pict?
ure evidently clipped from some satiri?
cal political journal vo?.rs ago.
Virgin Mary Looks on Scone
On another wall hangs a brilliantly
colored picture of tho Virgin Mary,
who looks down from beside the Amer?
ican military telephone. On the sido
board, peeping from under a pile of gas
masks and steel helmets, is a child's
celluloid doll stove. Above is a largo
golden frame enclosing the yellow
fringed epaulets of a male member of
the family who fought with the French
marines in the boxer rebellion in
China, with a little certificate under
the small photo, bearing the seal of
the French Ministry of Marine, telling
how the peasant boy died on the trans?
port Colombo, en route home, wounded
from Tonkin.
In the little bedroom off the large?
room sits an American machine gun j
major, writing a letter to his wife. An- j
other door leads to the kitchen where,
at the moment, a battalion non-com
from New York's East Side is mending
his trousers with his army "housewife."
Outside of the white curtained win
dow is a garden filled with flowers, a ?
patch of sweetpeas in buds, but more
appropriately a large patch of bleeding
hearts in full bloom.
Picture this little deserted home and
you have in mind a picture of all tho
hundreds of homes in these dozen vil?
lages. Sometimes they are shunned
even by the soldiers, because the en?
emy shells have, pounded them into d??
bris. Even the doghouse in the front
yard of this particular home tells a
story. Towser's hair is still entangled
in the collar, because some kind-hearted
friend slipped the collar over his head
instead of waiting to unbuckle it, as tho
Germans were advancing.
Just now the American batteries are
thundering, and the occasional sharp
squeal and explosion of the enemy's
shell? in the village remind tho new
uniformed villagers that this is a real
war. So far. one of these villages has
been shelled off the map. The vil-'
lasers who fled may come back some
day, but they will find nothing but
ruins.
These scenes which thousands of
Americans are witnessing here to-day
emphasize the object of this war?
liberty. Such scenes might occur in
America as well as in France. Re?
lentless military hands are digging the |
snaky line of the trenches through j
the wheat fields. Wire entanglements I
appear to bo stretching off through the
horizon ready for the enemy if he con?
tinues his drive. Whether it will re?
vert to trench warfare on this section
of tho front or continue in the open
none but tho French high command
now directing the Allied forces of
which the Americans are a part knows.
Fate of 4 Condemned
Soldiers Up to Wilson
_
Irregularity in Proceedings !
May Prompt President to
Commute Death Sentence
[Staff Correspondence]
WASHINGTON, May 2.?Presiden*. J
Wilson will determine whether the j
four American soldiers court mar
tialed in Franco for violation of mil!
tary laws are to be executed or the
sentence of the military tribunal com- i
muted to life imprisonment.
All the records in the cases of the j
two soldiers found asleep on sentry j
duty and the two who disregarded the !
orders of their commander were re- \
ceived at the White House to-day from i
Secrtary of War Baker. It is under- '
stood no recommendation accompanieu
the papers.
"The men, whose names were with- ?
held by the War Department, were !
found guilty at military trials convened
by order of General Pershing early
this year. Conforming with the regu?
lation of the War Department where
death penalties are involved, tho
records were referred to the War De?
partment for review. The Judge Ad?
vocate General's office is said to have
i found n minor irregularity in the pro
i ceedings and this may prompt the
i President to reduce the penalties to
'life imprisonment.
Offer this day
Fashionable Tailor Made
Suits from regular stocks at
$45 and $65.
Smart Day Dresses?Of serge,
twill, satin and taffeta, embroidered and
beaded; made with every nicety of de?
tail at $65 and $95.
Peace Drive Is
Foe's Plan to
Weaken Allies
i
j
?
Another German Gamble
! in Hope of Throwing
Opponents Off Balance
Ludendorff Head
Of New Campaign
Militarists Going On With
Preparations for More
Powerful Blows
By Arthur S. Draper
(Tribune Cable Berrtne).
LONDON, May 2.?Military and poli?
tical developments of great importance
seem imminent. The question is
whether the enemy's peace drive is in?
tended to synchronize with the next
military operation or to follow it. The
peace drive is being prepared with
German thoroughness and it will have
powerful momentum when it is
launched.
.There are two ways to look at this
peace drive, which is certain to come
very soon. The foolish optimists who
consistently have underrated the
enemy throughout the wrar and even
now have learned little from the
p.vents of tho past six weeks, haveliyp
notized themselves into believing the
German army is near collapse and the
military leaders are about to throw up
their hands. They exaggerate the war
weariness of Austria, the losses in
Picardy and the signs of unrest in Ger
: many. They see rumors of a peace
drive as a confession of failure by the
German militarists and a quick ending
of the war.
War Weary, but Not Through
Here is the other view. Every Eu?
ropean belligerent ?3 decidedly war j
weary. France, Italy and England are ;
tired of lighting, but so is the.crew of
| an eight-oared shell at the end of the
j third mile of a race they eventually
j win in the fourth.
The German militarists- Ludendorff
and his band of skilful assistants- are
professional soldiers. Thev didn't plan
a six weeks' campaign which would end
in surrender. Thev have a supply of
men which is not nearly exhausted. If
proof of this is needed it if only neces
I sary to refer to Haig's campaign at
Ypres last year. At no time in that
long battle did he have an army com?
parable numerically with that now un?
der Ludendorff's command. In fact,
ilaig probably employed fewer divi?
sions between July and November than
Germany has used in the last fourj
weeks.
Good judges assure me the enemy is
I strong enough to continue to deal j
heavy blows. If that is true then why j
the peace drive? Why the camouflage
gloom that is being spread by so many
German newspapers? The answer is
found in the history of the events pre?
ceding the present campaign. Germany
made her big peace drive i.n February
and early March, how big it is impos?
sible to state now. At that time Luden- i
dor ff never slackened for a moment his j
preparations for the military thrust.
A German Gamble.
The peace drive was a German j
gamble. It was hoped to throw the
Allies olf their balance, it was intended !
to distract their attention from the j
military front. Everyone can measure j
the success it attained.
That is the German policy to-day.
j The German militarists are playing i
'possum, they arc creating a peace at-1
; mosphere because ft will make their j
task less difficult. And the task of!
, Ludendorff & Co. is to vindicate Ger
man militarism. The Allies' greatest!
I war aim is to discredit Ludendorff.
j Those, briefly, are the two views of ?
tho situation. The coming peatfe
manoeuvre will be based on territorial !
exchanges, a method which is likely to '
satisfy many who look on the war in
a narrow way. Emperor Charles will
play a leading part. He is being coached |
now by tho rulers of Germany?the ]
militarists.
He will try to placate Italy and pose
as the friend of France and the well- i
wisher of England and Belgium. He i
ia undoubtedly sincerely anxious for'
peace, but he is powerless to act with?
out the sanction of the German mili?
tarists. They intend to plead thev have
no desire for conquest, but only are
desirous of peace.
An attempt is going to be made to j
satisfy even America. But, so long as
Ludendorff directs the peace drive,
America cannot attain her chief war !
aim. There is no compromise between !
right and wrong. Ludendorff is a won- ?
derful leader; he is a powerful die-1
tator; he represents America's great- '
est enemy. And he is managing the j
coming peace drive as ono of his mul
titudinous duties as the military dicta
tor of the Central Powers.
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SUNDAY'S
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3000
Foe Hints U_ S.
Hospital Ships
May Be Sunk
LONDON, May 2.?The German wire
> less, which a few davs ago sent out a
_?
dispatch alleging that American avia?
tors were crossing to Europe on hos?
pital ships, reiterates these charges in
a longer dispatch to-day. The reason
ior the emphasis placed on this f_.-e
charge by the Germans, ii is pointed
out here, is probably that they are lay?
ing the foundation for justification at
a later date of the torpedoing of the
American hospital ships in case any
such ships are put in the transatlantic
service to carry homo invalided sol?
diers.
It may be recalled that similar
charg-s were spread broadcast about
British hospital ships as a prelude to
torpedoing them. The German wireless
message to-day says:
"American av.ators are crossing to
Europe as members of the Red Cross
on hospital ships. This misuse of the
Red Cross appears from documentary
evidence found on American aviators
who have been shot down. An Ameri?
can brought down in the region of tho
army of General von Hutier carried a
pass which referred to him as a mem?
ber of the American ambulance service
for France.
"Prisoners openly admit that it is
the general practice for aviators to
enter tha American ambulance service
for their passage to Europe and to
cross on hospital -hip?. After they are
landed in France they immediately
transfer to the automobile corps, and
thence into the air service.
"Tho captured aviator referred to
had, however, transferred directly from ',
the ambulance service into the air ser?
vice. Another carried n certificate ii.i
which the dates of several transfers
were officially indicated."
The British Admiralty has already
denied the charge that American
aviators were crossing on hospital
ships, saying:
"No hospital ship, British or Ameri?
can, has ever carried anybody but in?
valids and the necessary medical staff.
The American naval authorities state
that they have some few aviators v.ho
were in the Allied ambulance service
in France before, the United States
came into the war, but even in such
cases these men crossed the Atlantic in
ordinary ships, taking their full chance
of beiwp? torredoed."
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fighting the battle for the pro?
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Do not associate yourself with those who?
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1457-1463 BROADWAY
AT FORTr-SECOND STREET

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