Newspaper Page Text
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER.
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
^mmm^r^ *C"__-__. _l _ T .
Voi_ LXXYTII No. 26,108
Firs, fo Last? the Truth:
The Tribune An1?]
News - Editorials ? Advertisements
Showers to?ay or to-night and pr?ta
ably to-morrow. Cooler to-morro?,
increasing by night. Shifting
northwest to west winds
Fall Beport on Face 4
MAY 10, 1918
Two rrrvx?) "" Greater New Tock and
WWCB*TBfwU*_-? comtnntlne distune?.
Lloyd George Wins in Commons, 293 to 106;
I Allies Regain All Ground Lost Before Ypres
Tax at Once
Estimates for Coming Year
Ten Billions Over Those
Fear That Party Would
Suffer in Elections if Bill
Were Passed Now
By C. W. Gilbert
WASHINGTON, ?May 9.?Word has
fiee sent up to the Capitol that new
etatti of revenue must be found and
that more money will have to be raised
by taxation in order to meet in part1
the Tastly increased estimated ex?
penses tor the coming year.
The estimates for the year will ex
c?d the estimates for last year by
?boot $10,000,000,000. In order to
?void excessive borrowing and conse
quent danger of inflation, Secretary
MeAdoo insists upon the raising of
larger revenues and has so advised
In a few days a new revenue bill
?will be sent to the House, unless the
leaders in Congress, who are greatly
averse to revenue legislation this
spring, succeed in inducing the Admin?
istration to delay. They are not likely
to succeed, because the need for addi?
tional revenue is pressing. The Treas?
ury wants the new taxes so as to get
til? new revenue to apply this year. If
Congress waits till next December to
enact a revenue law taxes will apply
for only a part of the year 1918-19.
Chairman Simmons of the Senate
Finance Committee and Chairman
Kitchen, of the House, Ways and Means
Committee have both in the last few
days said there would be no revenue
legislation this session. This indicates
clearly the attitude of Congress.
The reason why Congress does not
want to pass the bill this session is
that it wants to adjourn on July 1 to
St home and prepare for the coming
ngress election next fall. And it
does not want to enter the election
next fall with the burden of just hav
jng passed an increased tax bill upon
Present Revenue Law
Taken As Example
A new tax bill is always most un
Siular just after its enactment. Any
qualities and stupidities then im?
press people most forcibly. The pres?
ent revenue law almost defeated
tte first Liberty Loan, and for a time
ft disturbed the financial balance of
?he country, such a shock it proved to
at nation. A Congress which had just
Esed it would have had difficulty in
if ?elected. The Democratic Rep
Hswtatives do not want to go to the
Sjjls with ?he memory of another such
, H, only bigger and more oppressive,
1? the people's minds. They beg that
?ere shall be delay. ?
Thus the Administration's political
kaition is growing daily more difficult.
Or it to delay raising more revenue
wen it proposes to increase expenses
?jr 18,000,000,000 to $10,000,000,000 is
for it to play politics at a hazardous
?oment of the war. For it to insist
"pon the revenue legislation at once is
??napa to invite defeat.
ien Too Great
For One Party
The truth is that the burden of this
P>'is growing too great for one party
?bear. Will Mr. Wilson'insist that
I J"rty S? to the polls bearing the
?ro-?n of heavily increased revenue
?jflslation? He may do it this time.
??s plainly, there is coming a time
*??? $30,000,000,000 or $40,000,000,000
??ropriations, with taxes in propor
???'i*'11 be to? much for one party
? take responsibility for.
to addition to what will be an un
JJfnltr tax law, Mr. Wilson's party
*?l have to enter the election, if its
m**tt chooses to force the issue, with
? CMve failure to furnish airplanes,
?P though $1,000,000,000 was avail
??e for the purpose, and with an
gwly grave failure to produce artil
??y and. heavy machine guns, though
a??? i?imore than $1.000,000,000 wi
?"?"?Me for ordnance purposes.
*?e circumstances that bring about
2S' ??alitions during war are not the
SLi "ny ono man- no matter how
kSr*"!* but the Hugeness of the
?aat?v ch mo<lern wa*" entails. The
jjr> ?e disappointments, the inevi
?Wi-I ti .i res cannot b? borne alone.
jT* ?at Situation is fast approaching
* ?I? country.
**** Force Coalition
frjy necessity 0f greatly increasing
2r?L,*u** b*'ore election may prove
SL** the final determinant in the
ISta i -9artisanship or non-partisan
? a*? ??? ta' Congressional elections
;lfc?*A* b^n? he8rd of the 1,?y??ty
Shnl ii ?B inspection, the test becomes
ffjwfcle Mr. Wilson cannot apply
''?Sl ? '?-ders of his own party, to
?5 Clark, to Leader Kitchin, to
Hitchcock. Moreover, what
of the ghosts from the past
?PPi^ssive presence of war it
Jl*.-lt8 costs, its anxieties and
on the tax bill is more
on Page 8, Column 4
Face Loss of
Dr. von Tiling Accused, An?
nulment of Naturaliza?
tion Is Asked
Federal officials engaged in stamping
out pro-German propaganda here made
a drastic forward step in their cam?
paign yesterday, when it was an?
nounced that naturalised citizens who
are partisans of Germany stood in
danger of having their citizenship pa?
First of those to suffer under the
new ruling is Dr. Johannes Herman
Martin von Tiling, of Poughkeepsie,
> said to be a friend of Dr. Josef Stulz,
! Heinrich Bockisch and Miss Agathe
| Richrath, an instructor at Vassar, all
j three now held as enemy aliens.
United States Attorney Francis Caf
I fey yesterday began an equity pro
? ceeding in the Federal District Court,
I in which he asked for the cancellation
! of Dr. von Tiling's naturalization
j papers on three counts:
First, that he obtained these papers
|U. S. Steel to
| Make Big Guns
In New Plant
To Build Factory at Gov?
ernment's Expense, Gary
Will Equal Heaviest
Cannon of Allies
Location Is Not Made
To Be Rushed
The United States Steel Corporation,
j at the request of Secretary of War
i Baker, will soon begin the construction
of a government plant "somewhere in
America" for the manufacture of pro?
jectiles and cannon which will approxi?
mate in size the largest now being
used in the great battle in Flanders.
E. H. Gary, chairman, in making this
I. W.W. Linked
To Seize U. S.
Russian Radicals Asked How
"Campaign" Was Pro?
CHICAGO, May 9.?Members of the
Bolshevik party in Russia were corre?
sponding with the Industrial Workers
of the World here in August, 1917, rela?
tive to activities in America, according
to evidence submitted by the govern?
ment to-day in the trial of 112 I. W. W.
leaders on charges of seditious con?
Letters, antedating by only a few
weeks the Russian revolution thai
placed the Bolsheviki in power, sought
information from William D. Haywooc
and others as to the progress beii.g
made In the campaign to "take Americt
| from the capitalists and bring abou
Commenting on relations betwee:
i the L W. W. and the Russia party, on<
of the leading Russian members of th(
I I. W. W. informed the membership or
ANOTHER EFFORT TO SOFTEN UP THE WHISKERS
by fraud, since in subscribing to the
oath of allegiance to the United States
he did not intend to renounce alle?
giance to the Kaiser.
Second, that he has not defended the
Constitution of the United States
against all enemies, foreign and do?
Third, that he has made, since the
United States entered the war, numer?
ous statements in favor of Germany
and predicting a German victory.
Ardes Cancellation of Citizenship
On the basis of these charges Mr.
Coffey asked the court to cancel von
Tiling's certificate of citizenship and
restrain him forever from claiming any
of the rights and privileges of his final
Immediately after the filing of the
suit a special agent of the Department
cf Justice started for Pougbkeepsie to
serve a copy of the complaint on Dr.
When seen at his home there last
night Dr. von Tiling said:
"I am surprised and bewildered at
the acjjon that has been taken against
me. I can say nothing more than that
I have placed all my affairs in the
hands of my attorney, John E. Mack,
When questioned concerning his
origin, the physician said:
"I was born in Russia, and my par?
ents and grandparents were born in
Russia. I lived there for fourteen
years, and then moved to Germany,
where I lived for fifteen years before
coming to this country. I worked for
some time in Baltimore with Professor
Howard Kelly before coming to Pough?
GREAT BEAR SPRING WATER.
flim Purity Has Made It Famous."?Adv?.
announcement late yesterday, said that
the entire expense of the building pro?
gramme will be borne by the ?govern?
ment. When completed the steel cor?
poration will operate the plant.
This is the first time since the be?
ginning of the war that the corporation
has turned to the manufacture of mu?
nitions. The plant will be one of the
largest in the world.
"At the solicitation of the Secretary
of War," said Judge Gary, in his state?
ment, "the United States Steel Cor?
poration has undertaken to construct
and equip for and at the expense of the
government, upon a site to be located
in the interior of the country, a plant
for the manufacture of cannon and pro?
jectiles of large sizes and in great
quantities, and to operate the same
Work Will Be Rushed
"At besk, the time required will ex?
tend over a considerable period and the
cost will be large, but the work will
progress with all practicable speed and
economy in the use of money will be
practiced. It is hoped and- expected
the results will be creditable to the
"The work will be in the immediate
charge of a committee consisting of a
vice-president and the controller (Will?
iam J. Filbert) of the corporation, and
eight others designated from the of?
ficers (presidents or vice-presidents) of
the various manufacturing subsidiary
companies, and all selected because of
their education, experience and peculiar
fitness. This committee will keep in
close touch with the building and op
Continued on Page 4, Column 7.
August 25, 1917, that "very soon we
will have a Russian administration of
the 1. W. W."
Asked for I. Wr. W. Literature
"The thousands of fellow workers
who went back are agitating the idea
of one big union," the notice said, "and
the one big union very soon will in?
clude all the workers of the world."
Letters from various parts of Russia
urged immediate shipment of I. W. W.
literature. "The sentiment is very good
all over Russia," said one of the let?
Throughout the day the government
read into the records excerpts from
propaganda used in the alleged anti?
war campaign, pamphlets, calling upon
workers to destroy property for the
purpose of wrecking industries and
song books containing bitter attacks
on religious organizations and defying
the courts and the government.
"What is more civilized than for the
workers to create powder that refuses
to explode?" was one of the passages
in the huge mass of documentary evi?
dence seized by the government in its
"Sabotage Will Civilize"
"What is more civilized than to spike
the guns when they are trained on
our working class brothers in other
countries? Sabotage will civilize the
This form of-propaganda, the govern?
ment alleges, was freely used shortly
after enactment of the selective service
"Sabotage is the logical weapon of
the revolutionist. It ?an be used in mts
Continued on Page 4, Column 5.
British Advance North of
the Somme ; French
Big Guns Centred
On Amiens Front
Heavy Blow Expected in
Sector Partly Defended
Once more the Germans have failec
signally in a heavy attack on th<
Allied lines defending Ypres fron
Field Marshal Haig reported las
night that the Franco-Britisl
positions between La Clytte an
Voormezeele, assaulted Wednes
day, had been "completely re
established" in a continuation o
the fighting yesterday.
It is now learned that the German
used parts of two divisions in th
operation. At one time the
pressed the French back on th
Vyver Brook and took almost a
of the Ridge Wood, betwee
Dickebusch Lake and Voorm?
zeele. But ?t nightfall Wednei
day the Allies organized an
launched a whirlwind* counter a
tack which regained most of tli
Yesterday the fighting continuel
On one sector the Germans agai
advanced by a concentration <
machine gun fire. Then the tic
turned and the Allies drove bat
to where they stood on Wedne
day morning. The German lossi
were extremely heavy, Haig d
Correspondents at the front say tl
enemy intended this operation ?
a preparation, for a still great
assault. The delay is consider!
to the Allies' advantage.
On the rest of the line there we
several sharp local clashes. Tl
Australians again advanced nor
of the Somme.
Paris last night told of ''mark
activity" of both Allied and Gt
man artillery on the Haille
Montdidier sector, southeast
Amiens. This is where Americ;
troops are known to hold pai
of the line in force.
Exceedingly heavy German conc?
trations are reported in the sa
ent before Amiens, and observ?
at the front continue to iss
warning of a coming great ;
sault in this region.
Thrust Aimed to
Test Defence Lit
By Arthur S. Draper
(Special Cable to T)ie Tribune)
LONDON, May 9.?All along I
wide battlefront in France there
a spirit of restlessness and expe
ancy. A thousand guns form a de
ening chorus, the high sky airplai
ride on the smokeballs of the ai
aircraft guns, while now and ag
the roar of the artillery increa
to such intensity that observers c
elude the great offensive has beg
The strain of waiting is equal
only by the fierceness of the fight
itself. South of Ypres a little bat
as modern struggles are waged, '.
continued almost unceasingly
forty-eight hours. Some twenty
thousand Germans were thrc
against the junction of the Bri1
and French defences around Di<
busch Pond. Here the ground
level, and if the enemy advanced
considerable distance the Bri
tenure of the Ypres salient wt
become decidedly unhealthy, w
the Allies' hold on Mount Scherj
berg and the other hills to the v
would be greatly weakened.
Allies Regain Lost Ground
Two German divisions wreste
few positions away, and then
Anglo-French forces reacted sha:
and regained everything they
lost. Again to-day German tn
attacked in the same region, onl
lose again. But bitter as the fi
ing is, it is hardly^rnore than a 1
Continued on Page 3, Column
Let "Sniping" End, Premier Pleads
LONDON, May 9.?Premier Lloyd George, in the course of his |
remarkable speech in Commons to-day, made the following appeal to the
"I wonder if it is worth while to make another appeal to all sections
of the country. These controversies are distracting, paralyzing, rend?
ing. It is difficult enough for any ministers to do their work fighting
this war. We had months of controversy over unity of command. This
is really a sort of remnant of that controversy. National unity is
threatened, the unity of the army is threatened.
"We have been occupied in hunting up records, minutes, letters,
interviews, raking up what happened over a whole twelve months in
the war cabinet. And this at such a moment!
"I have just returned from France, where the generals were telling
me how the Germans were silently preparing, perhaps for the biggest
blow of the war. These things are happening now. They are asking
me for certain help. I have brought home a list of things they want
done, arfl I wanted to attend to them.
"I really beg for our common country, the fate of which is in the
balance now and in the next few weeks; I beg and implore that there
should be an end to this sniping."
Heavy Patrol Driven Back
by Pershing's Men
in Picardy '
(By The'Associated Press)
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
FRANCE, May 9.?A large German
patrol attempted to rush the American
position on the Picardy front during
last night, but was driven off.
The enemy patrol parties were active
during the night, and one German, pre?
tending to be wounded, lay outside the
wire entanglements before a?- Ameri-'
cari position beseeching help. He was
acting as a screen for the others, who
were armed with hand grenades.
The Germans, failing to entice the
Americans from their trenches, at?
tacked, but tho Americans made it so
hot for them that they fled in con?
fusion. Their casualties are believed
to have been comparatively heavy.
The roar of heavy artillery continues
day and night in this sector.
Kansas Athl?te Gets War
Cross; Killed One German,
Captured Three Others
(By The Associated Press)
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
FRANCE, May 9.?-Second Lieutenant
Henry Cassidy, of Wichita, Kan., a
former athlete, was decorated with the ;
War Cross to-day for bravery in a re- i
cent patrol engagement at Anservillers. |
During the attack a German non- ?
commissioned officer pointed his rifle I
at Cassidy and called to him to sur?
render. Cassidy refused, and killed
the German. He then flashed his light
down into a dugout and forced three
German occupants to come out with
To-day was quiet along the Lorraine |
front and northwest of Toul. A dozen
German airplanes attempted to cross
the American Unes, but were repelled
by the fire of anti-aircraft guns.
Man Landed by U-Boat
In Ireland Arrested;
To Be Court Martialled
LONDON, May 9.?A German sub?
marine recently landed a m^n on the j
Irish coast, where he was arrested, j
James Macpherson, Parliamentary
Secretary to the War Office, an- j
nounced in the House of Commons j
to-day that this man was in the Tower
of London and would be. court-mar
The collapsible boat in which the
Germans landed the man on the Irish !
coast has Been inspected by officials.
It is made of canvas with a bottom of j
twenty-three wooden slats, each four
inches wide, making the boat about
eight feet long end two feet wide. The '
canvas sides, about twenty inches high,
have an inner lining of rubber fabric
which is blown up from a valve at the
rear to give the boat buoyancy. There
are loops along the sides in which short
wooden braces keep the boat from col
The whole craft,'rolled up, weighs
less than forty pounds and can be
easily carried under a man's arm.
When the buoyancy chambers are
flumped ful of air the boat will easi
y Bupport three men, although only
one is thus far reported to have been
arrested. In the Bide of the boat is
a hole about three inches in dmm- i
?ter, which presumably was cut by '
the occupant in an effort to sink her 1
The whole boat was made by hand
and impresses one as somewhat ama?
teurish. The valve is made of wood
and is rather crude. There are no !
metal parts to the boat and all work j
on the canvas is hand sewed.
Wants Damages for Prohibition
The directors of the Merchants' As- i
sociation adopted resolutions yester- \
day recommending that liquor dealers !
be compensated for the loss of prop- ;
erty ruined by prohibition. , ,
? ? " ?
You'll find the only list of INVESTIGATED I
FURNISHED ROOMS In the city pub?
lished in THE SUNDAY TRIBUNE?Look
tor tt.??4y_, *
August Conference to Re?
move Stigma of St.
Looking to the Congressional elec
tions next fall the national executive
committee of the Socialist party yes- '
terday announced th:.t a conference
of all national officials and state sec- .
retaries will be held on August 10 to
i modify the anti-war platform adopted
! at St. Louis. The national leaders in
j tend to remove the stigma which has
i been attached to* Socialist propaganda
i because of the anti-war platform and
i thus open the way for Socialist candi
? dates to campaign for Congress.
The August conference will proba- !
| bly be held in New York or Chicago.
i Copies of the call have been dis
j tributed to many local organizations.
I It states that a new pronunciamento
of the party's stand on the war is nee
essary if any progress is to be made
in the next campaign, and points out
that "the right of free discussion of
the war does not now exist'* and that
persons who would attempt to make
public speeches in support of the St.
Louis campaign would be liable to ;
prosecution under the- espionage act.
Criticism of some of the Socialist ;
leaders not not modifying the St. |
Louis platform, and especially their
lack of protest against the invasion of
Russia, has been widespread, and has
led many to leave the Socialist ranks
or to bolt the party, as in the case of
the Jewish Socialist League, which
came out in support of the war, and of
the United Hebrew Trades, which de- ;
cided to help in the sale of the third
Liberty Loan bonds. Other Socialists
went over to the new National party, :
headed by John Spargo, or the Socialist.
Democratic League, led by J. G. Phelps
Morris Hillquit several months ago
announced that, "in the light of recent
developments it might be feasible to
modify the anti-war platform."
The signers of the call for the Au
gust conference are the five members ;
of the national committee?Mr. Hill- ;
quit, Victor L. Berger, Seymour Sted- !
man, Anna Maley and John M. Work, j
They ask tha-jjB the party members !
"unite in a constructive, programme." ;
Shot by U. S. Warship
Lifts U-Boat Into Air
And Breaks It in Two j
AN ATLANTIC PORT, May 9.?The L
sinking of a German submarine by a i
United States warship with a shot
which lifted the U-boat completely out ?
of the water and broke her in two,
was reported by officers of the ship on I
arrival here to-day. Because of the i
fine work of thje gujyiers the crew was '
given an additional furlough of ten j
On the voyage over, the warship,
previously reported from German
sources as having been wrecked, f
sighted three submarines. The gun
ners sprang to their guns. The first
two shots fired in quick succession at ;
the nearest enemy missed the mark, j
but the third went home. It caught :
the U-boat just below the water line.
So great was its force that the doomed ;
craft was lifted out of the water. In '.
another moment her back was broken.
She then doubled up and sank to the
accompaniment of a chorus of yells
from the warship's crew.
No survivors were seen. The otlfer ;
submarines, as the destroyed submers
ible disappeared, dived and did not
Berlin Announces Advance in
LONDON, May 9.?"In Ukraine, on ;
the southern coast of the Sea of Azov, j
we advanced as far as the mouth of !
the Don and occupied Rostov," says an
official statement given out in Berlin
Shows Figures on the
! Strength of British
Army Were Furnish?
ed by General
? ~~ ? -
Haig Approved All
War Cabinet Acts
When Asquith Motion
for Select Commit- ,
tee Is Defeated
LONDON, May 9.?Premier Lloyd
George and his ministry won a com?
plete vindication in the .House of
Commons to-night against the at?
tack on his administration focussed
through the charges of General F.
B. Maurice that the War Cabinet
had been deceiving the public.
Former Premier Asquith's motion
for the appointment of a select
committee to investigate General
Maurice's charges was rejected by
a. vote of 293 to 106. L*..->yd Geosg;eL
left the House amid the cheers of
Stirred by the imminence of a
Cabinet crisis the people of London
crowded the public galleries long
before the debate opened. The dip?
lomatic and peers' galleries also
From the beginning of the debate
it was apparent that the government
had a safe majority. Nevertheless,
the session was dramatic, and as it
continued the ministary rapidly
Maurice Furnished Figures
The Premier, who has weathered
so many political storms, was never
in better form. All his skill and elo?
quence went into his reply to As?
quith and he met the Maurice
As to the figures on the British
fighting strength to which General
Maurice had taken exception, he
showed not only that they wore ac?
curate, but that ?"hey had been sup?
plied from the General's office.
As to the implication that the
British front had been unduly ex?
tended, he proved by documentary
evidence that although this action
had been a regrettable necessity, it
had been taken with the full ap?
proval of the War Cabinet and FieK
Marshal Haig under pressure from
Answers Political Opponents
As to the Maurice charge that
there were more than three white
British divisions in the East be de?
clared that the statement had been
made in Cabinet meeting with the
general present and had passed un?
Nor did he fail to reply to his
political opponents. He regretted
that a judicial tribunal would have
no opportunity to examine the
charges against him, for, he de?
clared, its decision would have been
short and sharp. Then he added:
"Since I have thrown myself into
the vigorous prosecution of the war
I have been drenched with 'cocoa
"Cocoa press" -?farred to "The
Daily News" group of newspapers
controlled by Quakers.
Premier Lloyd George was cheered
loudly when he arose to speak. He
said he h-\d been treated unfairly.
It was the business of .General
Maurice to come to the Cabinet and
point out where the Minister had
made mistakes, he declared.
Has Been Treated Badly
The Premier said:
"A distinguished general who, for
good or bad reasons, has ceased to oc?
cupy an office he held for two years
has after he left that office challenged
the statement? made by two ministen
during the time he was in office. Dur?
ing that time he never challenged
those statements, when he not merely
had access to official information, but
to the ministers themselves."
Continuing with refe-^nc? to Gen?