Newspaper Page Text
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED Voi. LXXVIII No. 26,117 Nm] [?Copyrliht 1918? The Tribune AnI] E* ?_j. a _ r First to Last-the Truth: N?,?* . Editorials ? Advertisements SUNDAY, MAY 19, 1918-SEVEN PARTS-SIXTY-FOUR PAGES ffirtbttnc WEATHER Partly cloudy to-day; probably local shower?. To-morrow partly cloudy. Moderate sooth and -south? west winds. Full Report on Pajee 1ft * * FIVE CENTS In New York City 500 Arrested In Sinn Fein Plot to Aid The Kaiser Pc Valera, President of Organization, and Countess Markievicz Among Prisoners Party's Members of Parliament Taken Swift Seizures in All Parts of Ireland Surprise to the Country LONDON, May 18.?Five hundred Sinn Peiners were arrested at various towns in Ireland to-day, according to t Dnblin dispatch to "The Evening New?.'' Among those seized were Professor Edward de Valera, president of the Sinn Fein; Arthur Griffith, founder of the Sinn F?in; Countess Markievicz, Dr. Thomas Dillon, William Cosgrave, Sir? F?in M. P. for Killarney; Dr. Riehard Hayes, Sarril Figgis, Sean Milroy, defeated Sinn F?in candidate tt the recent election in East Tyrone for the House of Commons; Sean Mc Qstri, Thomas Keefe, H. Mellows, Thorns? Hunter, Joseph McGrath and FttriA 0-Keefe. AM the Sinn F?in members of Par ?sBent were also arrested. "Professor de Valera is president of mm Sinn F?in. Mr Griffith 1b vice president, Mr. Cosgrove one of the tjwuurers, Mr. Figgis one of the sec? retaries and Dr. Dillon and the Count Ms Markievicz are members of the ex? ecutive committee of the Sinn F?in or? ganization. Several of them were ar? rested or interned in connection with the Dublin revolt of two years ago, at Esater time. To-day's events occur on the occasion of another festival of the Church, Whitsuntide. H, Mellowes is a brother of Liam Hellowcs, who was arrested in New York last October. Liam was reported to have been implicated in plans for a ?Sinn F?in rebellion which was to have been carried out last Easter. Important Documents Obtained Documents of great importance in connection with an Irish conspiracy have fallen into the hands of the gov? ernment through the arrest by coast fuards of a man with certain evidence upon him. Professor de Valera was arrested at midnight at his home, at Greystones, ?nd taken to Kingstown, says a dis? aster? from Dublin to the Central News Af-ency. The Countess Markievicz wt*s apprehended at Rathmines at 1 o'clock M the morning. Darrel Figgis was arrested at his ?"?"Be at 11 o'clock last night and taken M an army lorrey guarded by soldiers ?ad police to Dublin Castle, where he ""as lodged in the garrison office pend hif the arrival of the other prisoners. Although there have heen many tumors concerning events in Ireland **eently, the news received from Dublin early this morning of the ar Jwt? made in Ireland and of Lord JjWnch's proclamation that certain of *? King's subjects "have entered into ?*asonable communication with the *w**man enemy" created a sensation. Several days ago Sir Edward Carson, **? Irish Unionist leader, said in a let <*** to the government that he knew ?Wtain persons in Ireland had been in communication with the enemy, but it ?m generally taken to mean some un? important individuals connected with w man who was captured after land **f r?tcently on the Irish coast -in a ??llapsible boat. The nature of the *8r?fts, taken in connection with the "??"??ting of Lord French's proclamation, Mwever, indicates that the persons re? wired to are the heads of the Sinn *?n movement, and that the govern? ment possesses evidence against them. Coup Swift and Thorough "There have been no disturbances ??jrwhere in the country, as far as is tUVSL here*" ??y? a Doublin dispatch 2 The Evening News." "Indeed, the ???t striking feature of the govern? ment s coup was its swiftness fand ??roughness. All arrangements were tarried through like clockwork, dum wunding the Sinn Feiners, who boast **?hat the authorities were afraid to i?A*<rt Pro"t,'s*'"?'>** de Valera or any ????*" [??d**'1"8' *nd would meddle only ****??? smaller fry ol the organiza ? In no case, says the dispatch, was TOjitance offered to the police and J*??ws who made the arrests. The J*"?'?n offices of the Sinn Fein and 2? off*e?8 of the National Aid Fund "*?**? taken over by the military, ?j*?* number of Irish in cooperation ?"* the enemy is said to be very S_M1. taya a dispatch to "Th* Time?." /*? reference to voluntary enlistment _T **"*d French'? proclamation regard- j $**&mud on last pan?, Column 2 American Hospital Bombed by Germans By Wilbur Forrest (Special Cable to The Tribute) WITH THE AMERICAN FORCES IN PICARBY, May 18. ?Enemy airplanes bombed a larga American hospital in the rear Thursday night. Hovering at low altitudes,'every apparent effort was made to hit the main build? ing. ' When the bombs came danger? ously near the doctors and nurses removed the patients to trenches previously dug for such emer? gencies. There was no loss of life and no panic. Roar of Guns Shows Hun Blow Is Near Allies Are Ready to Meet Ludendorff Blow Wher? ever It Comes Official and unofficial dispatches from France yesterday emphasized the general belief that the second grer?* German blow in the West cannot be far distant. It is thought to be a matter of only a few days, or perhaps hours. Along the front the activity of the guns has grown in violence. The enemy has completed his prepara? tions for a new blow and now awaits his opportunity. His armies are poised to strike with their full force. But evexj-where the Allies are confi? dent ortn?ir ability to hold. At Morlancourt,. on the Ancre River before Amiens ; at Villers-Breton neux, between the Luce and the Somme, and from Hailles south along ?the Acre River, where artillery duels have been intense for days, the gun3 kept up their constant hammering yesterday. Before Ypres, where observers believe the enemy will strike first in an at? tempt to take the town in the first day's push, the bombardmenti in? creased markedly yesterday. From Ypres along the whole front of the Armentieres salient to Lens the Ger? man guns belched their steel at the Allied positions. Ludendorff now awaits only favorable weather to launch his attack. Be? tween the Channel and the Oise he has massed 140 divisions, nearly two million men, with which to strike, according to advices received by the "Petit Parisien." In a hand-to-hand combat yesterday morning in the Luneville sector near Bremeuil, in the vicinity of Nancy, American forces broke up a strong German raid and drove the enemy back with heavy losses. The Ameri? cans had no losses. American Troops Crush German "Sil?ne9 Raiders WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, M*y 18.?The Germans at? tempted a vigorous silent raid on one of the American combat groups within a strong point in the Luneville sector this morning, but were badly beaten. The raid was a complete failure, and cost the enemy considerable losses. None of the Americans is missing. The fight was carried on with hand grenades, rifles and revolvers, and it was virtually hand-to-hand. The Germans beat a hasty retrea't after ten minutes, carrying virtually all their dead and wounded with them. One dead German, however, was left behind. The scene of the encounter was about a mile and a half southwest of Bre menil. Canadian Cavalry Betters the Charge Of Light Brigade By The Canadian Presa, jAmltcd OTTAWA, Ontario, May 18.?"Fight? ing for every inch of ground, taking tremendous toll from the attacking Huns, sometimes with French Allies, acting often as infatnry as well as horsemen," writes Roland Hill, the offi? cial war correspondent of the Canadian government, "the Canadian cavalry has, since the beginning of the great Ger? man offensive on the Western front, covered itself with such glory as will live forever in British military history. "Their capture of the big wood north of Moreuil and the charge of a squad? ron into a battery of Geramn machine guns, is, according to their comhades in the cavalry corps, in a class with i Balaclava. The whole operation is re- ? garded as the most famous cavalry action of the war. "Canada must be prepared to find many of her sons gone, but the price paid was not excessive. In addition to turning the tide of battle at various places in the forward areas they prac? tically saved Amiens. "General Sir Henry Rawlinson, visit? ing the Canadian cavalry on April 3, addressed eacsh unit in turn and told them that the two woods they had re? captured from the enemy, the Bois de Moreuil and Riflo Wood, were the domi? nating feature?, the possession of which might at that time have been fatal to the defence of Amiens. No other troops, he stated, Were avilable to retake these vital positions, and their courage and determination had turned the fortunes of the day. He said he had sent a cable to Premier Sir Robert Bord?n telling him of the ' achivements of the Canadian cavalrv." Jersey League Votes to Bar HearstPapers Representatives of Home Defence and Militia Unanimous in Action Aid of Governor Conducts Meeting Mayor of Summit Thanked for Action on Deleted Proclamation NEWARK, N. J., May 18.?More than 200 representatives of the Defence League of New Jersey, a joint or? ganization of the Home Defence League of New Jersey and the New Jersey State Militia, voted unanimous? ly to-night to take all lawful means to bar the Hearst newspapers from the state. Another resolution was passed unanimously, extending the thanks of the league to the Mayor of Summit, N. J., for his action in seeking to bar the newspapers from that city. The meeting was held in the City Hall. Every county in the state, it was said, had at least one representa? tive present. In commenting on the first resolu? tion before the vote was taken on it, Captain J. 0. Nickols, president ^of the league and a member of the military staff of Governor Walter E. Edge, de? clared the matter before the meeting to be of the gravest importance to not only the state, but the entire country. Quotes French Rallying Cry In concluding his denunciation of Hearst papers, their owner and their mthods, Captain Nickols quoted the ral-* lying cry of the French at Verdun, "They shall not pass." "When the Boston 'tea party* was held," said Captain Nickols, "I presume those who participated in it did go a trifle beyond the limitations of the law. But to-day they are counted am-ng the heroes of our country, and it is possible that the time has come when some may be caled on to emu? late them, though in a different direc? tion. "It takes a lot of courage, I know, to fight Hearst," continued Captain Nickols. "Any one who engages in a fight with him, knows exactly what they are up against. "As to Hearst," said Captain Nickols, "I think it is well to always remember that one man who dinedbwith him now desecrates the bit of sod under which he lies in France. Didn't Seem Necessary "Just before this meeting began a representative of 'The New York Amer? ican laid on my table a copy of that paper in which the proclamation of President Wilson was printed in full. That hardly seemed necessary to me." Before the league took up the reso? lution carrying a vote of thanks to the Mayor of Summit, those present were informed by President Nickols that this afternoon he had learned,? the Mayor had been made defendant in a suit brought by the Star Company, pub? lishers of the Hearst papers, for tak? ing the action he did in trying to sup? press them. The unanimous vote fol? lowed immediately after the conclusion of President Nickols remarks. Mt. Vernon Council Refuses to Rescind Ban Against Hearst Mount vernon, n. y? May is.? The Common Council met to-night and decided not to rescind the ordinance passed a few days ago barring Hearst and German newspapers within the city limits. It was announced, at the same time, that citizens had offered to supply the money if it was thought advisable to engage special counsel to assist Corporation Counsel J. Henry Esser in fighting the application for a Continued on last page, Column 5 China Joins With Japan to Defend East Alliance Against Aggres? sion by Germany Is Concluded Military Assistance Promised by Allies U. S., Notified of Agree? ment, Plans No Change in Its Policies (Special Dispatch to The Tribune) WASHINGTON, May 18.?The State Department was advised by Minister Reinsch, at Peking, to-day that China and Japan had concluded a defensive alliance for mutual protection against Germany for the duration of the war. The text of the treaty has not been published, and the State Department has not been advised in more detail of the body of the agreement. It is not known whether it contemplates joint protective action in the event of ag? gressions by the Bolsheviki through Siberia as well. China and Japan, it was pointed out at the State Department, are more ex? posed through Siberia to Germans ag? gression and naturally feel more sen? sitive concerning the German menace than America. The agreement, how? ever, as it is undertstood at the depart? ment, provides against contingencies in the future rather than any present danger. ? Neither the United States npr th~ Allies, it was asserted, was consulted, as they are not concerned, the alliance being purely a defensive one and not contemplating any initiative against Russia or in Siberia, but being wholly aimed at Germany's extension of her influence in the Far East, according to the best information available here. It was declared that there had been no change in the attitude of the United States toward the ?question of Japanese intervention in Siberia. United States to Withhold Action The United States, it was said at the State Department, would not par? ticipate with the Entente powers in a move against the Bolsiievik govern? ment in event the French Ambassador to Russia was not recalled by the French government and the Soviet au? thorities took measures against him, as threatened by Foreign Minister Tchitcherin. The French Minister is alleged by the Bolsheviki to have voiced state? ments reflecting upon them and they have demanded his withdrawal from Russia, indicating that if he is not re? called ho will be treated as a private person. The Allied diplomats, it has been reported, will leave Russia if the Bolshevik threat is executed. Secre? tary Lansing stated that no instruc? tions had been issued to Ambassador Francis on the subject. It was asserted in Far Eastern diplo? matic circles that the Teutonic peril in 'the East was more serious than generally known. Through the Turkish Empire, Germany is using her power and influence upon the Mahometan peoples of Western and Central Asia to establish the proposed Pan-Turanian League, to include all Mahometan peoples from Turkey to and crossing the Chinese borders and to the Indian frontiers. Attack on India Planned The pan-Turanian regions include be? sides Turkey a considerable part of Southern Russia bordering upon Tur? key; trans-Caspiania, Bokhara and Samarkand, bordering upon Chinese Turkestan, and including all of Turkes? tan, and Persia and Afghanistan, the latter two countries to furnish bases for attacks upon India. It was also believed that in the event of the necessity arising for joint Jap? anese and Chinese operations in Si? beria General Semenoff, the Cossack leader, to whose standards Siberians Continued on Page 5, Column 1 On Page 3, Part I The strategy of Ludendorft and Foch repeats that of Frederick the Great and Napoleon, by Hilaire Belloc. Page 1. Part HI Coiled in the Flag?Hears-s-s-t. His attacks on the Allied foes of Germany, by Kenneth MacGowan. Page 3, Part Hi Before the Third Act; A Word of Warning, by Frank H. Simonds. Page 8. Part IV Exporting Bolsheviki to Russia is the week's instal? ment of the "Spying Among Spies" series, by Casi? mir Pilenas. Page 12, Part I A page of pictures of the scenes which made yes? terday's Red Cross parade memorable. ?i ??n.M. ????__??_?_??????????? MUST YOU BE BEGGED TO HELP? 200 Ki??ed by Explosions in T. N. T. Plant Volcanic Explosion Hur) Men Fleeing for Safety High in the Air PITTSBURG, May 18.?Probably twc hundred men were killed to-day wher an explosion of TNT demolished th< plant of the ^Etna Chemical Company at Oakdale, on the Panhandle divisior of the Pennsylvania Railroad, sixteei miles west of this city. Five hundred workmen in the plan were startled at noon to-day by a re port not much louder than the crack o a pistol. It came from the soda houst but they knew its deadly import, an as one man they rushed for?the neares exit. Before they could gain the open th very air seemed to burst into flamei the earth heaved and rocked, and, wit a roar that was heard for miles, th long factory buildings were hurled hig into the air, carrying with them por derous'equipment and scores of men. Injured Die in Flames A great cloud of dust and smoke se tied over the scene, and through ii deadly fumes torn and mangled forn dropped to the earth, many dead, bi others to meet their end in the flamk d?bris. The exact number of dead had n been determined to-night and it w? possible that it would not be knov for days, is indeed it will ever ! known. Many of tho injured, some of who were found as far as half a mile fro the remnants of the factory, we brought to Pittsburgh hospitals ! special train and in ambulances du ing the afternoon and early evenir In only a comparatively few instanc were physicians able to hold out a hope for their recovery. The propery loss was estimated $1,600,000. Great Fire Starts Immediately after the second ? plosion the mass of broken beams a twisted timbers broke out in a gr< blaze, wh?ffe the highly inflammal chemicals used in tne manufacture the factory's deadly products T N and T N A?added ample fuel the flames. Blast after blast follow as the heat reached the tanks, ei one scattering the burning embers a endangering property in the ent community. Noxious gases rose fr the burning mass and spread over 1 Continued on Page IS, Column Wilson Leads Mighty Hoste of Red Cross Crowds Almost Hysterical in Greeting to ' ' President?Army of Workers,' Men and Women, Rich and Poor, Flows Down Avenue for Hours President Wilson led the Red Cross parade down Fifth Avenue yesterday, marching more than two miles at the head of the column of 75,000 men and women, and then standing rigid for hours in the reviewing stand in Madi? son Square while rank after rank swung past. It was his gift to the Red Cross, the outward manifestation of the esteem in which the nation's war leader holds that organization and the measure of his interest in its $100, 000,000 campaign. Immediately behind the President marched a living red cross, composed of 150 well drilled young women whose formation never faltered from Eigh? tieth Street; to Fourteenth, and whose rhythmic step and garb of red and white made the symbol of mercy and the Crusades seem to float down Fifth Avenue as though borne on the crest of an irresistible flood. Nation's Biggest Men in Line In the steady stream of humanity which pressed on in orderly array be? hind the President and the marching Red Cross were leaders of the worlds of finance and business, statesmen, jurists, men of national repute, who marched not as ex-Presidents, as inter? national bankers or leaders of the bar, but as officers of the great army that carries solace to the battlefield and relies upon the appreciation of the na? tion for the wherewithal. The evenly flowing ranks that filled the stately avenue from brim to brim, half-hysterical spectators swirling along the sidewalks like backwater eddies, showed the organization of the army. There were trimly uniformed nurses, clad according to the branch of the service to which they were as? signed?army, navy, tropical, etc. There was a complete field unit, ambulances, rolling kitchens and all, and there were thousands upon thousands of women who marched to the sheen and click of knitting needles. President Surprises Crowds President Wilson had not been ex? pected as a marcher. He was to review the parade, but his appearance at Six? ty-seventh Street, just as the head of the column reached that point, was a surprise. The crowd recognized his figure as a motor Car drew up at the curb and burst into tempestuous ap? plause. The clamor was redoubled as Presi? dent Wilson left the automobile and took his place at the head of the j marchers. A young woman burst i through the cordon of police and Se? cret Service men and dashed to the Presidents side. She carried a Red Cross flag of silk, which she held out to him in silence and with shining eyes. He took it and carried it jaunt ily from that point to the reviewing stand. Rear Admiral Cary T. Grayson marched with the President, as did the President's secretary, Joseph Tumulty. Eight Secret Service guards were in attendance. Crowds Almost Hysterical Fifth Avenue was beside itself at sight of the erect, frock-coated figure that headed the ?great parade, and cheer upon cheer smote the air as the crowd recognized the President. The first impulse of every onlooker was to constitute himself as an informal guard of honor and march down abreast of President Wilson on the sidewalk. Thousands acted upon this impulse in every block, and a dozen or more policemen had to use their utmost en? deavors throughout the line of march to prevent such thoughtless enthusi? asts from causing a dangerous jam. At the library, the centre of every war activity in the city and the focal point of most of its parades, a crowd of enormous proportions had gathered, and the advent of President Wilson was the signal for a veritable salvo of ?>haa*?a President a Fine Hiker He started from Sixtv-seventh Street at 2:18 p. m., just eighteen minutes after the parade itself had got under way from its starting point thirteen blocks to the north, and he arrived at the reviewing stand, Twenty-fifth Street, at 2:55, which is pretty good going. About five minutes intervened be? tween the arrival of the President at the reviewing stand and that of the head of the parade. His hat raised in deference to the outburst of applause, he made his way to the box reserved for him. As he was about to take his seat a stentorian voice called from the next box: "Three cheers for the savior of the world!" The cheers came with a vim, and the President sent for the man responsible ! for them. He was Corporal Daniel i Moncure, of the 122d Canadian In- j fantry, fifty-four years old and in? valided from the battlefront. He ex? plained that he had been accepted de? spite his age when the authorities learned that his son was one of those that German soldiers crucified on a barn door. He declined an invitation to seat himself with the President. Sea of Red Cross Workers Moves On In Victory Parade Miles and miles of Red Cross work? ers passed in review of the hundreds of thousands who lined Fifth Avenue Continued on Page IS, Column 1 Wilson Calls for Army Without Limit; Warm Against "Insincere" Peace Talk President Insists He Will Stand By Russia Will Not Be Diverted From Our Determi? nation to Win the War, He Says Thousands Hear Red Cross Plea "Not 100 Years of Peace Could Have Knitted Nation as Has Year of Strife" President Wilson, opening the Red Cross drive for $100,000,000 at the Metropolitan Opera House last night, gave new emphasis to his call for "force, force to the utmost." "I have heard gentlemen recently say," the President declared, "that we n?ust get five million men ready. Why limit it to five million?" "Every ship shall go on every voyage with every man and all the supplies it can carry," he added. Mr. Wilson warned against insin? cere approaches on the subject of peace. "We are not to b?3 diverted from the grim purpose of winning the war," he said. Two Duties for America "There are two duties with which we are face to face," said the Presi? dent. "The first is to win the war. The second is to win it greatly and worthily." The great audience cheered the President long and frequently. He was introduced by Cleveland H. Dodge, who characterized him as "the spokesman for all the great spiritual forces of the world." His call for a huge army was greeted with a tumult of applause. And again he brought the thousands of men and women to their feet cheering when he said : "I am here to stand by Russia as well as France." The President whose speech fol? lowed that of Henry P. Davison, chairman of the Red Cross War Council, ended by summoning the American people to show how ready they are to sustain the hearts of the world by contributions to the Red Cross. In giving to the Red Cross, the President said, a man is giving to himself. Our Duty Is to Win The President's speech follows in full: "Mr. Chairman and Fellow Coun? trymen: I should be very sorry to think that Mr. Davison in any de? gree curtailed his exceedingly inter? esting speech for fear that he was postponing mine, because I am sure you listened with the same intent and intimate interest with which I listened to the extraordinarily vivid account he gives of ?he things which he had realized because he had come in contact with them on the other side of the waters. "We compass them with our imag^ ination: he compassed them in hit personal experience, and ? am not come here to-night to review for you the work of the Red Cross. ? am not competent to do so because I have not had the time or the op? portunity to follow it in detail. I have come here simply to say a few words to you as to what it all seems to me to mean, and it means a great ri-ool Why Limit the Army "There are two duties with which we are face to face. The first duty is to win the war. And the second duty, that goes hand in hand with it, is to win it greatly and worthily, showing the real quality of our power not only, but the real quality of our purpose and of ourselves. Of course, the first duty, the ?luty that we must keep in the foreground of our thought until it is accomplished. is to win the war. I have heard gentlemen recently say that we must get five million nu?ii ready. Why limit it to five million? "I have ask?ri the Congress of trie United States to name no limit? be?