OCR Interpretation

New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 24, 1918, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1918-05-24/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 4

Wilson Plans
Early Relief
For Russians
Supplies Needed for Re?
habilitation Will Be Ex?
changed for War Material
Action Necessary to
Keep Them From Foe
President, in View of Bol
sheviki Attitude, Still
Opposes Intervention
By C. W. Gilbert
WASHINGTON, May 23. President
Wilson is taking steps to carry out the
promise made in his Red Cross speech
to "stand by Russia." The plan is
being formed now to ship c rtain sup?
plies for the immediate relief ol R is
s:a. These supplies will consist of the
articles most needed for the support
of the population and t.ie industrial
restoration of th< < untry, i peo
pie in .ome parts of .lie country are
nearer starvation tnan th< people ol
any other part of the world except
such sections as have suffered directly
from the ravages of war. '.'noy lack
clothing. And they lack the means to
start the. agriculture and industry of
the country again in operation.
Tiie supplies whic.i are thus to be
? r. pp ?i will be usea to purchase cer?
ta.n suppiic. in Russia which it is de?
sired te keep from falling into the
hands o. the German.. The articles
to he purchased consist of cotton and
oil, both of which Germany greatly
needs, and the unused war materials
of Russia. A great store of such ma?
terials exists in Russia, and in exchange
'or it a large quantity of necessaries
will have to be shipped to Russia.
Relief Question
Pending Long Time
Tiie question of the relief of Russia
has born pending for a long time. It
was discussed by Senator Owen, Sen?
ator Borah and other Senators who
visited the President several weeks ago
regarding the Russian situation. The
difficulty all along has not hern any
unwillingness on the part of this gov?
ernment to aid the Russian people, but
the chaotic condition in Russia itself.
Transportation was disorganized and
this country did not wish to reorganize
transportation if the gainer was likely
??o prove to bi Germany. Moreover,
there was doubt as to where the sup?
plies themselves would go if they were
sent to Rits-ia.
Many plans were urged for safe?
guarding the distribution of relief in
Russia to prevent its getting into Ger?
man hands. One argument for mili?
tary intervention in Russia or Siberia
was that such an intervention could
properly accompany material relief to
the Russian people. Another sugges.
tion has been that a civil commission
should be sent to Russia, along w,t
food, cloth and industrial aid.
Wilson Opposed
To Intervention
it. is understood that the Administra?
tion is in.--: as much opposed as ever to
military intervention in Russian terri?
tory except at the request of the Rus?
sian government. And dispatches from
abroad indicate that the Allies have
failed to obtain Russia's consent, to
military intervention. The Bolsheviki
are absolutely against the entrance of
Russia by the soldiers, whethei of
Japan or of all the Allies. They have
made theii position clear and in view
of it Mr. Wilson's position remain:-; un?
With regaid to civil intervention the
Administration's atitude is sail to be
just as firm, The name., of 3ome of
the most distinguished men in America
have been canvassed quietly as mem?
bers of a possible commision *o send
to Russia ;.? help her establish sol!'
government, to clear up her relations
with the enemies of Germany and at
the ..ame time to supervise the distri?
bution of aid from this country. The
Administration is und< rstod to have
? e ected I hem
No Danger of
Foe Getting Food
It is assumed that thn American gov?
ernment will obtain a promise from
the Russian government, that materials
sent from here for the relief of the
Russian people will not ho permitted
to get into the hands of Germany.
Such promises have been made by
ether neutral nations bordering on Ger?
many, such as Holland and Switzerland,
and can be made properly by Russin
Probably the danger thai food or cloth
ing shipped from this country to Rus?
sia for the relief of het sir! einig peo?
ple will fall into the possession of
Germany is easily exaggerated.
The same consideration will keep
food in Russia that keeps it in Holland
and Denmark the dire need of the
people themselves. The government of
the Ukraine was well disposed toward
the Central Rowers, hut the Central
Rowers have been able to get little
food out of the Ukraine. The Bolshevik
government would fall quickly if the
people of Russia were to learn that
food had been permitted to get out of
Russia into Germany. On the other
hand, there i-? grave danger, amounting
almost to a certainty, that the war sup?
plies m Russia will go 10 Germany
unless tin. country buys them with
food and clothing. The people can
no! eat nor wear war supplies and are
indifferent as to who gets them, Ger
many is undoubtedly in the market for
The American people have agencies
in Russia which may be used to a cer?
tain extent is distributing the supplies
?t sends ?here. These agencies are the
Stevens railway commission and the
American Red Cross. To what extent
the> will if used has not been dis?
Counter Revolt
Being Planned
A group of influential Russians,
iieaded by Apoilinarius Dimitrovich
Semenovsky, of NTew York, were in con?
ference with Boris RakhmetolT, the
Russian Ambassador, to-day, concern?
ing a movement that is being con-i
templated for the overthrow of the'
);? heviki and the restoration of Rus?
The definite plan, when it shall have
i.ecu formulated, will be submitted to
the 1. nitod States government for ap?
proval, i' is understood. It uicludes
tiie raising in the United States of a
volunteer force of Russian' for dis?
patch to Siberia. It has not yet been
determined whether the movement
will be an independent one or as?
sociated with the activities of General
The Russian Embassy has received a
comprehensive report of the operations
:n Eastern Sibei ia of General Semenoff
which ?s considered in some Russian
circles favorable to cooperation with
other loyal Russian and anti-Bolshevik
elements, including whatever assistance
may be organised in the United States.
London and Paris
Press Japan to
Act in Siberia
By T) ? A iso, iatcd Press)
TOKIO. Friday, .May 17. The mili?
tary agreement between Japan and
China has caused increased attention
t.i be given the question of interven?
tion in Siberia. It is understood that
both Great Britain and France are
actively favoring intervention, the for?
mer because of the dangers of the
spread of German influence, and both
because they are convinced that it
would hasten the winning of the war.
The general staff is ready for any
action that may he ordered, but the
government has not announced its
The best opinion here is that inter?
vention is not likely until it in favored
by the United States.
C hino-J ap??ese
Pact for the War
Only, Says Peking
(By The Associated Press)
PEKING, Sunday, May 19.?The
government. through the Chinese
News Agency, has authorized the fol?
lowing statement regarding the mili?
tary agreement, between China ami
.Japan :
"In view of the circulation of false
reports it is necessary to inform the
Chinese people of the facts of the ne?
gotiations. Since the conclusion of
peace between the Russian Maxi?
malists and the enemy the fear has
existed in Japan and China of an
eastward intrusion of Gorman in?
fluence. On account of the propin?
quity of their territory, the govern?
ment?, recognized the necessity of a
definite arrangement, for joint de?
fence. This joint defence concerns
military movements in Siberia and
Manchuria and has, no reference to
other matters. The scheme will be?
come null and void with the termina?
tion of the war.
"On the other hand, the convention
wiil not be? enforced unless the influ?
ence of the enemy actually penetrates
Siberia. M is not a treaty, but an
entente, which will become ? scrap of
paper if there is no enemy menace.
The sole reason for the non-publica?
tion of the contents is the preserva
non of the secret-from the enemy.
The convention does not involve the
loss of sovereign territorial rights
I and Japan gains no privileges."
Wounded Ambulance Driver
Braves Shell-Swept Roads
By Wilbur Forrest
[Special Calle to The Tribune'
PICARDY, May 2,1. There was a time.
a short while back, when the line offi
i cers and men thought little of the army
i medical corps. To-day the corps men,
from the doctors to the'stretcher bear
' ers. have the utmost respect of the en
j t ire army.
Incidents which for military reasons
cannot tie enlarged upon just now have
given the medical corps men their own.
Bravery and devotion to duty arc the
terms used in the ; my citations, and
there has been so much of this on this
warm Picardy front that citation, in
I the future will fairly bulge with these
Private Kasper a Hero
Private Henry J. Kasper, an ambu
; lance driver, who lives at "111 West
1 Twenty-sixth Street, Chicago, is one
that will stand out above them all.
i This afternoon 1 stood beside Rasper's
commanding officer as that officer wrote
, out the strongest kind of recommenda
| tion that Kasper be decorated.
Every American should know Kas
| per's story. Fourteen days he spent on
constant duty in a heavily bombarded
village, in and out of which the enemy
? guns constantly sweep the roads.
Nightfall found Kasper off duty. He
was needed, but under military rules
other men replaced him, and ho could
: have tested peacefully in the renr.
I Instead he demanded that the officer
i permit him to resume duty. The officer
reluctantly consented Kasper raced
his ambulance in and out of the enemy
f.re and braved the enemy shells along
the ronds for hours, making lifleen
trips before he was wounded slightly.
Returns to Duty
He was taken o(T the ambulance and
his wound dressed. Almost blind from
the effects of the wound, he lay in the
dressing station close to the front
lines, when from a litter on the dug?
out floor he heard another ambulance
driver report his inability to con?
Kasper aro.e, ripped the bandage
from his eyes, and said to the com?
manding officer: "Can I take this
man's place" He's all in and I'm all
'He begged so bard that I had to
let him go." the officer told the Trib?
une correspondent to-day.
Made Seventeen Trips
Two more trips, mailing seventeen.
during the dark, rainy, shell-swept
night was Rasper's record before his
wound made physical endurance fag
completely. He was lifted from his
ambulance, which the morning light
found liberally cut. with shell frag?
If I could tell everything about the
distance he covered on each trip, of
the intensity of the shell fire, and of
all the circumstances of Rasper's de?
votion to duty, the story would be
even stronger.
Kasper is a volunteer from civil life.
Ho has been in France just, long
enough to wear the first service stripe
and he is back in that same heavily
shelled village to-day, volunteering for
everything that is especially danger?
' Incidentally he has put a majority
of his pay -since his arrival in France
into Liberty bonds.
"Battalion of Death"
Leader in New York
Mme. Leona Botchkavera, who or?
ganized and led the women of the
"Battalion of Death," arrived in New
! York yesterday in the course of her
flight from Russia to England, where
she hopes to find freedom from perse?
cution. She is accompanied bv her
sister. Miss Frolkova, Lieutenant S.
I'ilipoff, of the Russian army, and
other refugees. The party is at the
Prince George Hotel.
"Present conditions in Russia are
unspeakable." said Harold Bobbins, of
the British Consular Service, who, with
his wife, accompanied Mme. Botch?
kavera. "The country is drifting rapid?
ly toward anarchy and will taste the
dregs. It will be worse than the
F.rench Revolution. When they become
tired of that sort of thing some sort
of stable government will develop."
The party reached San Francisco
from Vladivostok on an American
transport. Mme. Botchkavera suffers
! from shrapnel, which is still in her
; back, and will submit to an operation
on reaching England.
1,752 Persons Put
To Death in Finland
Many Prisoners Taken by Ger?
man and Finnish Govern?
ment Forces Starved
LONDON, May 23.- -Under the White
Guard and German r?gime in Finland
? 1,752 persons were executed up to May
: 1, according to a Finnish Socialist who
. has escaped to Sweden and whose in- ?
terview with the "Folkets Dagblad" is
transmitted from Copenhagen by the ?
Exchange Telegraph Company.
According to the exile. 51f> were ex- <
ecuted in Tammerfors, 148 in Tornea,
380 in Varkom and 380 in Vasa. Pris- .
oners taken by the German and Finnish
government forces, he says, were treat- ?
ed so badly that many were starved to ?
General Mannerheim, commander in
chief of the Finnish White Guard, has
resigned because of the plan of the
Finnish conservatives to invade the
Russian province of Karelia, according
to an Exchange Telegiaph dispatch
from Copenhagen to-day.
Russian Karelia adjoins Finland on
the cast. It is in this district, that the
Mourmansk railway,runs from the Arc?
tic to a junction with the Archangel
Petrograd line. The Entente has been
anxious to preseive the integrity of
this railway, and in Stockholm advices
received yesterday it was reported that
Great. Britain had informed the Finnish
government that any measures directed
by Finland againsf. the railway would
be regarded by Great Bitain, France
and the United States as a breach of
Ukrainian Dictator
Besieged in Kiev
By Rada's Troops
Anti-German Forces Re?
ported Mobilized and Con?
centrated Near Capital
i By The Associated Press)
MOSCOW, Sunday, May 12.?Serious
fighting in Kiev, capital of Ukrainia, is
reported. The residence of the newly
appointed Ukrainian dictator, General
Skoropadsky, ha., been besieged sev?
eral times by troops which remained
faithful to the Rada. All the forces
at. the disposal of the Rada are being
mobilized and concentrated near Kiev.
General Skoropadsky is said to have
been wounded seriously in consequence
of the attempt on his life, according
to unverified reports from Kursk.
LONDON', May 23.?General Eich?
horn. German commander in Ukrainia,
has received a message from Berlin, a
Reuter dispatch from Moscow reports,
saying that immediately a call for as?
sistance is made by General Skoropad?
sky Prussian regiments will be sent to
crush any insurrection.
Women Aid Defence in
All London Air Raids
LONDON', May 2..?Speaking to-day
at the London Exhibition of Women's
Work in Munition Production, Fred?
erick George Kellaway, Secretary to
the Minister of Munitions, said that in
every one of the defensive measures
taken when a raid on London is car?
ried out the women have taken their
part, ecept in the actual flying of
The development which had taken
place in women's work during the last
fourteen months, continued the Secre?
tary, was quite as remarkable as its
development at an earlier period of
the war. In July, HI 14, ho stated, there
were 220,000 women engaged in muni?
tion industries, whil? in January, 1917,
that number had been increased to 691,
000. and to-day their number was 1,
000,000. A steady stream of trained
women was being sent into the muni?
tion factories from training schools at
the rate of 500 n week. Since the Min
irttv of Munitions had started the
schools, said the speaker, between 40,
iiOO and SO.ooo trained women had been
placed in munitions industries.
Rioting Czechs in
Prague Cheered
President Wilson,
Prof. Masaryk, Bohemian
Delegate, Now in U. S.
Also Lauded
AMSTERDAM, May 23. Further re?
ports of disorders in Bohemia are pub?
lished in the "Lokal-Anzeiger," of Ber?
lin. It appears that recently there were
extensive demonstrations in Prague,
which the police found difficulty in
quelling. Thirty arrests were made.
The first demonstration in the new
outbreak occurred on Wensel Square
in Prague on Monday. The demonstra?
tion was a big one and reached such
a high pitch that in the evening the
notice had to interfere. The Czech
? crowd sang their patriotic hymn with
its additional anti-German verses and
i raised cheers for President Wilson and
? Professor Masaryk, the Bohemian dele
' gate now in the United States.
i Although Wensel Square was there?
after forbidden the demonstrators by
the police, the demonstrations were
repeated at 10 o'clock at night, and
not until midnight did the mounted
and foot police succeed in restoring
order, the advices add.
Extreme importance is attached to
conferences to be held next month be
j tween Baron Burian, the ,*ustro-Hun
I garian Foreign Minister, and the lead
| ers of the Polish party regarding the
? future attitude of the Poles in the
Austrian parliament. The Polish mem
I bers, it is indicated, will lay down
i three conditions, the first of which is
? a guarantee of the integriy of the
| Kingdom of Poland; the second, a de?
mand for the settlement according to
I Polish desires of the question of the
? province of Cholm, along the Polish
! border, which was awarded to the
j Ukraine in the Brest-Litovsk treaty,
, and which Poland desires to reclaim,
j while the third condition is a stipula
: tion that Galicia shall not be divided.
Whether the'Poles can be induced to
' support the government or will definite
: ly join t"he opposition will depend upon
the outcome of the conferences over
these questions.
Another feature in the turmoil
i among the nationalities of Austria
! Hungary which recent occurrences in
j Bohemia have brought to the fore is
( the situation in Austria Silesia,
i which lies between Moravia and Gali
; cia. An anti-government meeting,
? news of which was suppressed by the
j local authorities, took place a few
: days ago at Troppau. The malcontents
in this case, among whom Count
Larisch was prominent, are Germans,
who rage fiercely agaiinst the Aus
: trian government, as do the Czechs.
Their chief grievances are* that the
j government favors the anti-German
; party at the expense of Germans,
I whom it purposely neglects, and that
I Polish agitators are appointed to im
! portant positions, especially in
! Eastern Silesia. It is alleged that
! the aim of these agitators is to join
? Silesia and Galicia, with the ultimate
object of joining both to Poland. The
i malcontents demand counter measures
? and threaten to go to the extreme
. length of opposition.
Bulgar Socialists
Answer Labor Note
Accept, in General, the Pro?
posals of Inter-Allied
LONDON, May 23. -The first official
1 reply reaching London from an enemy
country to the inter-allied labor memo
; rand urn enunciated at the inter-allied
labor conference held in December
i reached here to-day from the Bul
; garian Socialists. The reply accepts
I in general the proposals of the memo
I randum and states that a majority of
; the Socialists there? suggest territorial
; adjustment at the end of the war.
Although the reply maintains that
j ethnographically Macedonia should be
j united with Bulgaria, it seems probable
that the Bulgars will be willing to
; agree to Macedonian autonomy. The
; reply expresses the hope that German
; Socialists will answer the memorandum
as moderately and in as conciliatory
a manner as have the Bulgars.
Craps Sent a Hero
To American Army
I Special Dispatch In The Tribune)
ALBANY. N. V.. May 28. The game
of craps was never considered pro?
ductive of any good by nice person..,
but it developed here to-dnv that it
has created one of the most spectacu?
lar heroes of the present war.
One day last summer six negro
youths were indulging in that pastime
in an Albany garage when one of
them suggested that, they decid/- by
' the roll of the dice whether they
: would enlist in Colonel Hayward's
negro regiment or wait to be drafted.
They rolled the bones and seven came
the first time, so all of them enlisted.
One of these youth . was Henry
Johnson, who now lies wounded in a
rench hospital, but is the proud pos?
sessor of a French War Cross. Henry
1 was cited for bravery the other day
by General Pershing, after he had
1 slashed up a flock of Germans and
sent them in flight to their trenches.
Hindenburg Plot Denied
Berlin Denies Reported Attempt
at Assassination
LONDON, May 23 Rumors of a re?
cent attempt <n the lives of Field Mar?
shal von Hindenburg and Genera! Lu
dendorff are denied in a Berhn oi .patch
to "re "Koelnische Volkzeitung." ?t.
cording to the Amsterdam cc rrespond
?nt of "The Morning Post."
The Antiseptic Powder. Shake it Into yourl
Shoes? Sprinkle it in your Foot-Bath?
The Plattsburg Camp Manual Advises
Men In Training to shake a little Foot=Ease
in their shoes each morning.
Do this and walk all day in comfort. It takes the Friction
from the Shoe and freshens the feet. At night, sprinkle
it in the foot-bath, and soak and rub the feet. For over
25 years Allen's Foots Ease has been the STANDARD
remedy for hot, swollen, smarting, tender, tired, perspir?
ing, aching feet, corns, bunions, blisters and callouses.
Used by the American, British and French troops in
Europe. One war relief committee reports that of all the
things sent out in their Comfort Bags or "Kits," Allen's
Foots?-..ase received the most praise from the soldiers and
men of the navy. Why not order a dozen or more 25c.
boxes to-day from your Druggist or Department Store to
mail to your friends in training camps and in the army and
navy. Sold everywhere. Sample FREE by mail. Address,
%<A great net of mercy drawn through
an ocean of unspeakable pain,"
Give till your
heart says stop
Contributed to the RED CROSS
They come from above?
that's the way they taste.
I \ ja/j\?tnJrsnjA/)A*Mci^<f^

xml | txt