Newspaper Page Text
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED ^aasW9^ ??,**._> + +~ r. Vol. LXXVIII No. 26,123 First to Last?the Truth: News - Editorials - Advertisements ffirtlranc WEATHER Partly Cloudy To-?*y, Showers at Night. ?unday. Partly Cloudy. Moderate Southeast to Booth Wind?. Fall Report ?a Page 7 (Copyright IBIS? The Tribun? A.b'h] SATURDAY, MAY 25, 1918 ? ? * ? rrtun rt*B*s*m?,n Ot?Otsjr ?w Tar* and TWO CENTS, ?jtbtn con-mutln* distance THREE CENTS Elaewfeer? Troopship Sunk, 56 Americans Missing; Great Blow Impends, Says Lloyd George Decision on NewWarTax Is Delayed By President Despite McAdoo's Plea He Agrees to Await Further Infor? mation Congress Leaders Oppose Bill Now Would Disturb Busi? ness and Hinder Bond Sales, As? serts Kitchin ? WASHINGTON, May 24.? Presiden. Wilson to-night postponed a final de fiiion on whether Congress shall be uked to start work immediately on new revenue legislation after Secrc t?y McAdoo had given his opinion that immediate action is essential and after virtually all leaders of Congress h?d abandoned hope of a July adjourn? ment. The President, at a conference with Senator Simmons, of North Carolina, eju.R_.an of the Senate Finance Com? mittee, agreed to withhold his decisive word until he secures more informa ti?. lis) President's decision may be made -WnoTrov., after further conferences, but be may wait until next week. Among tbe alternatives suggested by Senator Simmons which the President was reported to be carefully consider? ing was a proposal that Congress ad? journ as soon as urgent business now on the calendar is disposed of and come back for a special revenue session in the fall. President Wilson's action in with? holding judgment was most unex? pected. Most members of Congress had become resigned to immediate work on ta? problems in spite of their ardent and avowed opposition to such a course. ?After Secretary McAdoo's determina? tion had been announced late in the day it had been assumed the President would ask the Administration leaders to proceed with the legislation regarded ?e necessary by the Treasury. Kitchin Began Planning ? BepreBentativo Kitchin, chairman of th? House Ways and Means Committee, in fact, was so certain that he an? nounced that hearings on the new tax bill would be called within a few days, ?nd that a bill practically doubling present taxes of around $4.000,000,000 a year would be presented, with the bur? den placed largely on incomes and ex tees profits. Senator Simmons to-night, after nearly two hours' conference with the President, received assurance that the decision would not be made until after ?k i e* data, Particularly concerning the legislative status in Congress, could be preaented. Mr. Kitchin was not at to-night's conference, and it was stated that the President's invitation did not reach him before he went to a theatre with friends. ? Senat .? Simmons said to-night that Be might be able to present the infor? mation desired some time to-morrow. As a result of hig talk with the ??resident the Senator said that he was "tiafled with the situation, and ex Pressed hope for a solution which will "? ?atisfactory both to those of Con *?*"* urging delay and also to those of 'be Treasury. May Consult Republicans Besides the information regarding J?e status of legislation now before ??ogress as bearing upon the prob *M* length of a session uncomplicated ?y ? revenue bill, the President asked ?w further information regarding ap? propriations and also regarding the general disposition of Congress, it w*s indicated that Republican leaders, *bo, so far, have not participated in *??* recent revenue conferences, might -,c*H*d upon for their opinion. Fully impressed by Secretary Mc? Adoo's belief that Congress should Proceed at once, the President was **io to be greatly concerned over the universal demand from Congress for a ??rnmer respite and determined to *??e every effort to compose the situ? ation consistent with the country's ?nancial security. Chairman Kitchin, of the House ?**y? and Means Committee, said he i il*v ? tho taking up of revenue legislation now was unwise. I believe," he ?aid, "it will have a disturbing effect on business. It ??Ml there will be lobbying and that ?we w,n be agitation on the sub? ject. Secretary McAdoo thinks it will ?! PtxTm s,u Lib?rty bonds. I think in th?,.c<>nt-?ry. it will handicap him ** ??Hing bonds. Secretary McAdoo ??? no reasons for insisting, except ??? ?t was necessary to finance the war. Will Go After Profiteers <riT__?* W'H 80 after the profiteers. J*??? who have made large profits | _<-Wffltt?4, on Page 8, Column 4 Hearst and His Business To ihr. Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Mrs. Stokes is convicted. She is not the owner of ten newspapers and seven magazines. Her average daily circulation is not 2,572,885, and neither weekly nor monthly does she issue to so many as 2,281,627 J persons. She is not a candidate for Governor or President. She is only a foolish little woman whose vision ? is impaired, but she stands to get twenty years in prison and to pay a fine of $10,000, or both, and on each of three counts. What for? She (1) "wilfully | and knowingly attempted to cause insubordination, disloyalty and mu? tiny and refusal of duty in the mili? tary and naval forces of the United States." She (2) "obstructed the recruiting and enlisting service of the United. States," and (3) she "made and conveyed false reports and false statements with the intent on her part to interfere with the operations and success of the mili? tary and naval forces of the United States and to promote the success of the enemies of the United States," and what she had done was to sign a writing to "The Kansas City Star" saying: "No government which is for the profiteers can also be for the people, and I am for the people, while the government is for the profiteers." That was enough, and that American jury said so. On April 6, 1917, the United States declared a state of war to ex | ist between the United States and Germany. On April 11 thereafter William R. Hearst or his business said this: "Every shipment of food and mili? tary stores from this time on is a blow at our own safety." On May 17 his business circulated this statement* "Our only correct strategy is to spend all our money and all our labor in preparing our navy and armies at their actual base, and so compelling Germany, if she wants to fight, to come to us." On April 12 his business circulated this statement: "Practically the wlwle military staff is opposed to our sending troops across the -water." What was Mrs. Stokes convicted of? Why, of making "certain false reports and false statements, with the intent on her part to interfere with the operations and success of the military and naval forces of the United States." On June 16, alleging that there were 500,000 English slackers in this country, Mr. Hearst's business circu? lated this statement, the source of its information being undisclosed "English and American estimates": "There is no reason on earth why these 500,000 English slackers should not be shipped direct to the firing line in Flanders before another American boy is sent across the seas." His business said further : "It is neither necessary nor right that the flower of our young Ameri? can manhood should be sent as a sacrificial offering to the RED MOLOCH of slaughter, while Eng? land has men enough to light her own battles for many months ahead." Her own battles! England's own battles! And the United States at war with England's enemy! In a statement by our government, which England indorsed, our war with Eng? land's enemy was said to be for pre? cisely the same reasons, and to pre? cisely the same ends as England's reasons and England's ends. What is it for which Rose Pastor Stokes must stand at the bar on June 1, a convicted criminal, to take a sentence from the court that may be twenty years? It is for "obstructing the recruiting and enlisting service 01 the United States." On June 10 Mr. Hearst's business circulated this statement: "Thousands of the registered fight? ing men of the country" Our conscription act had been passed then and we were.telling our sons t? go and register. We were telling them that the cause of free government and individual liberty the wide world over waa at stake, and that, without reasoning why, without making reply, they must go, as the Six Hundred went, to death or victory?and Mr. Hearst's business said: "Thousands of the registered fight? ing men of the country, willing to fight for their own country, do not wish to go to France. Glye France what she wants, when it is so easy to send the willing Roosevelt." And Postmaster General Burleson says that he has not noticed any ' writing of either Mr. Hearst or Mr. j Roosevelt that challenges his official attention. He ought to be removed from office for coupling their names together. i Mr. Hearst says there is a con spiracy against him and his busi? ness, and that The Tribune is at the head of it. "What is Mr. Hearst's I business? | On November 2, 1906, Mr. Root, speaking for President Roosevelt, stated Mr. Hearst's business in the following words: "With his great wealth, with his J great newspapers, with his army of ? paid agents, he has been day by day ' and year by year sowing the seeds ? of dissension and strife and hatred ; throughout our land. . . . What ? public servant honored by the people has he not assailed with vile and I flagrant epithets? What branch of j our government has he not taught ! his readers to believe a corrupt j agency of oppression?" And Mr. Root quoted from Hearst's j business, among many other state? ments, that it had circulated, these: "It is the sad duty of 'The Jour- ? nal' to announce to the people of the i United States that their President, ! ? William McKinley, has deliberately tricked Congress and the country." < "McKinley and the Wall Street Cabinet are ready to, surrender every particle of national honor and dig- ? nity." ? "Joseph II. Choate is a servile lick- \ spittle of corporations." He said of Thomas B. Reed, and I over his own signature: "You divide McKinley's infamy with him and so make his road the easier; by the same token you have ; become a toad to the public eye; \ you grow to be looked upon as a ? thing loathsome; your name becomes a hissing and a reproach and your deeds a stench to the nostrils of man." Of Grover Cleveland, twice Presi? dent of the United "States, this man's business said: "He is no more, no less, than a liv? ing, breathing crime in breeches." Of Theodore Roosevelt Hearst's business said: "He has sold himself to the devil ! and will live up to his bargain." Mr. Root said that once this meth- j od of incendiary abuse had wrought i out its natural consequence in the j murder of McKinley, for Hearst's! business printed and circulated these things: "McKinley makes an international ! cur of his country; he is an abject, j weak, futile, incompetent poltroon." "The bullet that pierced Goebel's I chest Cannot be found in all the West. ] Good reason, it is speeding here To stretch McKinley on his bier." j That was before Czolgosz shot McKinley. Then Hearst's business said : "Institutions, like men, will last until they die, and if bad inst.itu- ! tions and bad men can be got rid of only by killing, then the killing must ? be done." Mr. Hearst's answer to Mr. Root's ! statement of Hearst's business, if 11 remember correctly, was that Mr. Root had on one occasion appeared In ccurt for a man who was accused and thereafter convicted of grand larceny, and that Mr. Roosevelt stood by the Steel Trust, and now of you, The Tribune, the only force that has ever pressed Hearst to his knees, he says that you are "small and lonely." Now, Mr. Editor, I do not pretend to be Major McKinley or Colonel Roosevelt, or Mr. Root, or Mr. Choate ov The Tribune. I may presently ascertain from Mr. Hearst that he thinks I am the merest insect, with instincts utterly reprehensible. But there is no American who does not know that when an American jury has convicted Rose Pastor Stokes of disloyalty for saying, "No govern? ment which is for the profiteers can also be for the people, and I am for the people, while the. government is j for the profiteers," there is no I American, elephant or insect, who ! does not know that when she gets up on June 1 to receive her sentence from Judge Van Valkenburgh Hearst and his business ought to be standing right-there at her side, and that for every day she gets he ought to get a year, and for every dollar she has to pay his business ought to pay a million. LEMUEL ELY QUIGG. Elmira Councilman points out flaws in Hearst's explanation of the deletion of Wilson's Memorial Day proclamation?Rahway may adopt ban on his papers on Me? morial Day?Other news., of the anti-Hearst movement on last page. U.S. Soldiers In Italy Soon, Says Baker His Statement Is Cheered at Italy-America Cele? bration Here Military Mission Now at the Front Ambassador di Cellere Pays Tribute to Red Cross; Wilson Praises Ally American soldiers soon will be fight? ing on the Italian battlefront. Secretary of War Newton D. Baker so predicted before 6,000 persons at a cele? bration in the Metropolitan Opera House last night of the third anniver? sary of Italy's entrance into the war. Mr. Baker said the American army a? rcady has in Italy "a large and impor? tant staff of experts who arc studying ON TO THE FRAY Italian methods of warfare" and "a substantial number of our army's sani? tary corps." "But," declared Mr. Baker, "I see, and in the no distant futuro, Ameri? can infantry, American machine gun units and American artillery shoulder to shoulder with the Italians on their front line." Flag to Be Sent to Italy Another intimation of the early pres? ence of American troops in Italy came when, ? after the conclusion of his speech, Mr. Baker, in accepting an American flag presented to him by an Italian organization, said: "It will give me pleasure personally to place it (the flag) in the hands of the flag-bearer of the first military contingent of the United States which leaves to join the ?It*li-_ir totltayon the Italian front. I shall regret when this flag leaves me that I am not to be privilege.- to see . it break to the breezes on the Alpine frontier." Every reference to the union of American and Italian soldiers on the battlefront was received with resound? ing applause, The celebration was given by the Italy-America Society, and the majority of the audience, which was assembled to hear singing by al? most all the Italian members of the Metropolitan Opera Company, were Italians or of Italian parentage. The Italian Ambassador, Count Maechi di Geliere, was among the speakers Charles ?. Hughes, president of the Continued on Next Page, Column _" Vote for Ban On German in High Schools Superintendents Ballot, 7 to 2, to Eliminate Enemy Language ; Education Boards Approval Expected i Action Follows Public Hear? ing of Educators and Citizens ! The Board of School Superintendents yesterday recommended that the teach? ing of German in the day and evening high schools of the city be eliminated for the duration of the war. Their rec? ommendation will be taken up for final action by the Board of Education at its next meeting, on Wednesday, May 29. It is understood the attitude of both bodies on the question is identical. With the banishment of the enemy language from the high schools, the task of ridding the public school sys? tem of everything connected with Ger? many is finished, as the teaching of German in the elementary schools was discontinued last term. Elimination To Be Gradual Associate Superintendent John L. Tildsley, chairman of the committee on high schools and training schools, in? troduced the following resolution: "Resolved, That the Board of Super? intendents recommends to the Board of j Education that in September, 1918, and for the'duratiou of the war, no classes in beginning German be organized in ! any public school of the City of New ! York." ? After a-'ongdiscussion behind closed doors seven superintendents voted for eliminatipn aad two, William McAn drew and John H. Walsh, opposed it. It was pointed out that the resolu? tion calls for the gradual elimination of Geiman teaching classes, so that those pupils who have started the three-year course will be permitted to finish it. Decrease in German Students There are 12,054 pupils in the twenty , four day high schools studying Ger [ man. A year ago there were 23,898, 1 almost 100 per cent more. The falling I off of German pupils is accompanied by Continued on Last Paye, Column 7 ?-Boat Peril Is Overcome, Says Premier Submarines Being Destroy? ed Faster Than Germany Can Build Them Hindenburg in Race Against America British Leader Declares Unified Allies Await Drive With Confidence EDINBURGH, May 24.?Ger? many is straining every nerve to strike a decisive blow before the American armies can be brought into the field, David Lloyd George, j the British Prime Minister, said to? day in an address on the occasion I of his being tendered the freedom j of the City of Edinburgh. I The Allied commanders, who knew best what the prospects were, i he added, felt most confident about i the result. Mr. Lloyd George said that while j the United States was rushing its ' men into France the present strength of those armies was not j the equivalent of one-fifth of the fighting strength which was gained by the Teutonic allies through the I collapse of Russia. The Premier was most optimistic I as regards Germany's submarine '. campaign. He said while the menace of the underwater boat had not ? been entirely removed the Allied ; nations now were building ships faster than they could be sunk and i the unrestricted submarine warfare might be disregarded as a vital dan? ger by the Entente nations. The prospects of using the entire force of the Allies were very bright, said Mr. Lloyd George in discussing the united command of the Entente armies in France. He sounded a note of warning during his address as to Germany's peace rroposals, saying that the Prussian Continued on Page 3, column 4 Costa Rica Declares War on Teuton Powers ; SAN JUAN DEL SUR. Nicaragua, May 24.?The government of Costa j Rica has declared war on the Central j Powers, according to advices received ? here. The declaration of war by Costa ? Rica on the Central Powers brings ? the total number of nations aligned | against Germany up to a total of twenty-one. All of the Central . American states have now clearly de? fined their attitude toward the war. \ Panama, Nicaragua and Guatemala have become belligerents. Honduras has severed diplomatic relations with Germany, while Salvador has re mained neutral, explaining that this | neutrality is friendly to the United States. -_-? j Rain Delays GermanBlow In Flanders _ | Storm Also Hampers Oper? ations in Air; Local Encounters Lively With the advent of rainy weather yes? terday the fire of the guns along the Western battlefront slackened some? what, but lively local encounters took place in the valley of the Lys and along the Somme. The storm also hampered air operations. All authorities on both the Allied and the Teuton side of the battle line agree that a great German blow is impending. Enemy military critics believe LudendorfF will strike his first blow in Flanders. i The enemy continues to rate the Ameri? can for?es as negligible, and says j that Foch's reserves are almost ex? hausted.- His hope of victory is based on the reinforcements from the East front. American forces arc to take a new part in the fighting. Announcement was made yesterday that an American air squadron will help defend Paris against enemy air raiders. The Germans who have faced the Amer? icans in the Toul sector have been rushed to Picardy or Flanders, and Bavarian reserve units have replaced them. Germans Facing U. S. | Troops Withdrawn (By The Agsoeiated Press) WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, May 23.?German troops | which faced the Americans along the j Toul sector for several weeks have been i withdrawn and sent to the battle area i of Northern France. They have been replaced by the 8th | Bavarian Reserves. Washington Sure New German Blow Will Be Bea'en Back (By The. Associated Press) WASHINGTON, May 24.?Renewal of the German drive in France, indicated by Premier Lloyd George to-day to be imminent, finds American military opinion here absolutely confident of the outcome. There is not a doubt in the minds of high officers familiar with the situation that the enemy will be repelled with loss and the offensive power of Germany finally broken. There are those who believe that the end of the war may come this year as a result. Others, however, foresee a long defensive struggle by the German army, while efForts to secure peace on the best possible terms are made by the Berlin diplomats. Soldiers and Sailors Get Reduced R. R. Fare (Special Dispatch to The. Tribune) WASHINGTON, May 24.--Soldiers and sailors in the United States ser? vice, whi_n travelling at their own ex? pense, will be granted a rate of ap? proximately one cent per mile by the Railroad Administration, according to an announcement to-day by Director General McAdoo. This fare will be granted on the delivery to the ticket agent of certificates signed by com? manding officers. Certificates of stand? ard form arc now being prepared. Director General McAdoo said that payment of full fares was recognized as a seriuos hardship to many men who desired to visit their homes be? fore going overseas. The cent-per mile rate, it is pointed out. will per? mit practically all men in the service to visit their homes while on fur? lough. Germans Mutiny; 50 Shot, 1,000 Jailed WASHINGTON, May 24.?A German division at Dvinsk, Rus? sia, ordered from the Eastern to the Western front, refused to pro? ceed, and fifty men were executed and one thousand* imprisoned, said a Russian wireless dispatch to? day to the State Department. Other German troops in the vi? cinity held demonstrations in favor of the division. Moldavia Is Torpedoed AtNight;Had No Warning Men Asleep When Foe Strikes and Survivors Are Rescued by the Escorting Ships Vessel Attacked on Route to France Soldiers Unaccounted For Thought Trapped on Lower Deck by Explosion LONDON, May 24.?The British armed merchant troopship Mol? davia, with American troops on board, has been torpedoed and sunk, according to an official bulletin is? sued by the Admiralty this evening. Fifty-six American soldiers are un? accounted for and probably were killed inside the shin by the explo? sion. The text of the Admiralty state? ment follows: "The armed mercantile cruiser Moldavia was torpedoed and sunk yesterday morning. "There were no casualties among the crew, but of the Amer? ican troops on board fifty-six up to the present have not been ac? counted for. It is feared they were killed in one compartment by the explosion." The Moldavia was torpedoed without warning. It was a moon- I light night, and although a good lookout was kept, the attacking sub? marine was not sighted before the torpedo struck. Most of the men aboard were in their hammocks when the explosion occurred amidships. The sailors and soldiers alike showed no panic. They fell calmly into line and awaited orders. When it was seen that the Moldavia was settling down all on board were taken off by the escorting ships. The men lost all of their belong? ings, but were supplied with new clothing at the different naval ports where they were taken. It is believed that the American soldiers missing from the Moldavia were sleeping on the bottom deck, and were overtaken by the great in? rush of water after the explosion, when they were trying to reach the main deck. It is also presumed that some of the ladders were destroyed. The vessel was struck below thr: bridge. She steamed ahead for some time after being struck, and at first it was hoped that her watertight compartments would enable her to reach port. Survivors aeree that the Moldavia was torpedoed and not mined. "We were proceeding up the chan? nel, bound for an'English port, early Thursday morning," said a seaman "The weather was fine and there was a bright moonlight. We felt an ex plosion ..midship... The ship had beer struck just below the bridge, but wc cou.d sec no submarine. "There were some destroyers cor? voying u:, and they at once scattered around in search of the submarine Only one torpedo was fired. "When it was realized that we shoub have to abandon the vessel, the de ;troyers came alongside to take off thi troops." The Moldavia was of ?.SOO tons gros and was owned by the Peninsular i Oriental Steam Navigation Company WASHINGTON, May 24. Sinking o the British armed merchant cruise: Moldaiva, with a probable loss o fifty-six American soldiers, was an nounced in a cablegram to-night fron the British Admiralty to the War De partment. No details were given, bu the understanding here is that the shi was moving between England an France. The War Department authorized thi statement: "Information has been received froi London that the British armed mei chant cruiser Moldavia has been sun and that fifty-six of the American soi diers aboard are mising. The ?r nouncement was made by the Britis Admiralty." At a late hour the Department ha no further information to indical : what American units were on boat the vessel. Many men are in trainin in England, and it is possible that tl Moldavia was carrying a contingei bound for the front. The Moldavia is the third transpo , carrying American troops to br to I pedoed. and the fifteenth troopsh sunk by the Germans. Of th* yes o carrying Americans the Antilles w