ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
^aasW9^ ??,**._> + +~ r.
Vol. LXXVIII No. 26,123
First to Last?the Truth: News - Editorials - Advertisements
Partly Cloudy To-?*y, Showers at
Night. ?unday. Partly Cloudy.
Moderate Southeast to Booth
Fall Report ?a Page 7
The Tribun? A.b'h]
SATURDAY, MAY 25, 1918
? ? * ?
rrtun rt*B*s*m?,n Ot?Otsjr ?w Tar* and
TWO CENTS, ?jtbtn con-mutln* distance
Troopship Sunk, 56 Americans Missing;
Great Blow Impends, Says Lloyd George
Despite McAdoo's Plea
He Agrees to Await
Oppose Bill Now
Would Disturb Busi?
ness and Hinder
Bond Sales, As?
? WASHINGTON, May 24.? Presiden.
Wilson to-night postponed a final de
fiiion on whether Congress shall be
uked to start work immediately on
new revenue legislation after Secrc
t?y McAdoo had given his opinion
that immediate action is essential and
after virtually all leaders of Congress
h?d abandoned hope of a July adjourn?
The President, at a conference with
Senator Simmons, of North Carolina,
eju.R_.an of the Senate Finance Com?
mittee, agreed to withhold his decisive
word until he secures more informa
lis) President's decision may be made
-WnoTrov., after further conferences,
but be may wait until next week.
Among tbe alternatives suggested by
Senator Simmons which the President
was reported to be carefully consider?
ing was a proposal that Congress ad?
journ as soon as urgent business now
on the calendar is disposed of and come
back for a special revenue session in
President Wilson's action in with?
holding judgment was most unex?
pected. Most members of Congress had
become resigned to immediate work on
ta? problems in spite of their ardent
and avowed opposition to such a course.
?After Secretary McAdoo's determina?
tion had been announced late in the
day it had been assumed the President
would ask the Administration leaders to
proceed with the legislation regarded
?e necessary by the Treasury.
Kitchin Began Planning
? BepreBentativo Kitchin, chairman of
th? House Ways and Means Committee,
in fact, was so certain that he an?
nounced that hearings on the new tax
bill would be called within a few days,
?nd that a bill practically doubling
present taxes of around $4.000,000,000 a
year would be presented, with the bur?
den placed largely on incomes and ex
Senator Simmons to-night, after
nearly two hours' conference with the
President, received assurance that the
decision would not be made until after
?k i e* data, Particularly concerning
the legislative status in Congress, could
be preaented. Mr. Kitchin was not at
to-night's conference, and it was stated
that the President's invitation did not
reach him before he went to a theatre
? Senat .? Simmons said to-night that
Be might be able to present the infor?
mation desired some time to-morrow.
As a result of hig talk with the
??resident the Senator said that he was
"tiafled with the situation, and ex
Pressed hope for a solution which will
"? ?atisfactory both to those of Con
*?*"* urging delay and also to those of
May Consult Republicans
Besides the information regarding
J?e status of legislation now before
??ogress as bearing upon the prob
*M* length of a session uncomplicated
?y ? revenue bill, the President asked
?w further information regarding ap?
propriations and also regarding the
general disposition of Congress, it
w*s indicated that Republican leaders,
*bo, so far, have not participated in
*??* recent revenue conferences, might
-,c*H*d upon for their opinion.
Fully impressed by Secretary Mc?
Adoo's belief that Congress should
Proceed at once, the President was
**io to be greatly concerned over the
universal demand from Congress for a
??rnmer respite and determined to
*??e every effort to compose the situ?
ation consistent with the country's
Chairman Kitchin, of the House
?**y? and Means Committee, said he
i il*v ? tho taking up of revenue
legislation now was unwise.
I believe," he ?aid, "it will have a
disturbing effect on business. It
??Ml there will be lobbying and that
?we w,n be agitation on the sub?
ject. Secretary McAdoo thinks it will
?! PtxTm s,u Lib?rty bonds. I think
in th?,.c<>nt-?ry. it will handicap him
** ??Hing bonds. Secretary McAdoo
??? no reasons for insisting, except
??? ?t was necessary to finance the
Will Go After Profiteers
<riT__?* W'H 80 after the profiteers.
J*??? who have made large profits
| _<-Wffltt?4, on Page 8, Column 4
Hearst and His Business
To ihr. Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Mrs. Stokes is convicted. She
is not the owner of ten newspapers
and seven magazines. Her average
daily circulation is not 2,572,885, and
neither weekly nor monthly does
she issue to so many as 2,281,627 J
persons. She is not a candidate for
Governor or President. She is only
a foolish little woman whose vision
is impaired, but she stands to get
twenty years in prison and to pay a
fine of $10,000, or both, and on
each of three counts.
What for? She (1) "wilfully |
and knowingly attempted to cause
insubordination, disloyalty and mu?
tiny and refusal of duty in the mili?
tary and naval forces of the United
States." She (2) "obstructed the
recruiting and enlisting service of
the United. States," and (3) she
"made and conveyed false reports
and false statements with the intent
on her part to interfere with the
operations and success of the mili?
tary and naval forces of the United
States and to promote the success of
the enemies of the United States,"
and what she had done was to sign
a writing to "The Kansas City Star"
saying: "No government which is
for the profiteers can also be for
the people, and I am for the people,
while the government is for the
profiteers." That was enough, and
that American jury said so.
On April 6, 1917, the United
States declared a state of war to ex
| ist between the United States and
Germany. On April 11 thereafter
William R. Hearst or his business
"Every shipment of food and mili?
tary stores from this time on is a
blow at our own safety."
On May 17 his business circulated
"Our only correct strategy is to
spend all our money and all our
labor in preparing our navy and
armies at their actual base, and so
compelling Germany, if she wants
to fight, to come to us."
On April 12 his business circulated
"Practically the wlwle military
staff is opposed to our sending
troops across the -water."
What was Mrs. Stokes convicted
of? Why, of making "certain false
reports and false statements, with
the intent on her part to interfere
with the operations and success of
the military and naval forces of the
On June 16, alleging that there
were 500,000 English slackers in this
country, Mr. Hearst's business circu?
lated this statement, the source of
its information being undisclosed
"English and American estimates":
"There is no reason on earth why
these 500,000 English slackers should
not be shipped direct to the firing
line in Flanders before another
American boy is sent across the
His business said further :
"It is neither necessary nor right
that the flower of our young Ameri?
can manhood should be sent as a
sacrificial offering to the RED
MOLOCH of slaughter, while Eng?
land has men enough to light her
own battles for many months ahead."
Her own battles! England's own
battles! And the United States at
war with England's enemy! In a
statement by our government, which
England indorsed, our war with Eng?
land's enemy was said to be for pre?
cisely the same reasons, and to pre?
cisely the same ends as England's
reasons and England's ends.
What is it for which Rose Pastor
Stokes must stand at the bar on June
1, a convicted criminal, to take a
sentence from the court that may be
twenty years? It is for "obstructing
the recruiting and enlisting service
01 the United States."
On June 10 Mr. Hearst's business
circulated this statement:
"Thousands of the registered fight?
ing men of the country"
Our conscription act had been
passed then and we were.telling our
sons t? go and register. We were
telling them that the cause of free
government and individual liberty
the wide world over waa at stake,
and that, without reasoning why,
without making reply, they must go,
as the Six Hundred went, to death or
victory?and Mr. Hearst's business
"Thousands of the registered fight?
ing men of the country, willing to
fight for their own country, do not
wish to go to France. Glye France
what she wants, when it is so easy
to send the willing Roosevelt."
And Postmaster General Burleson
says that he has not noticed any '
writing of either Mr. Hearst or Mr. j
Roosevelt that challenges his official
attention. He ought to be removed
from office for coupling their names
Mr. Hearst says there is a con
spiracy against him and his busi?
ness, and that The Tribune is at the
head of it. "What is Mr. Hearst's I
On November 2, 1906, Mr. Root,
speaking for President Roosevelt,
stated Mr. Hearst's business in the
"With his great wealth, with his J
great newspapers, with his army of ?
paid agents, he has been day by day '
and year by year sowing the seeds ?
of dissension and strife and hatred ;
throughout our land. . . . What ?
public servant honored by the people
has he not assailed with vile and I
flagrant epithets? What branch of j
our government has he not taught !
his readers to believe a corrupt j
agency of oppression?"
And Mr. Root quoted from Hearst's j
business, among many other state?
ments, that it had circulated, these:
"It is the sad duty of 'The Jour- ?
nal' to announce to the people of the i
United States that their President, !
? William McKinley, has deliberately
tricked Congress and the country." <
"McKinley and the Wall Street
Cabinet are ready to, surrender every
particle of national honor and dig- ?
"Joseph II. Choate is a servile lick- \
spittle of corporations."
He said of Thomas B. Reed, and I
over his own signature:
"You divide McKinley's infamy
with him and so make his road the
easier; by the same token you have ;
become a toad to the public eye; \
you grow to be looked upon as a
? thing loathsome; your name becomes
a hissing and a reproach and your
deeds a stench to the nostrils of
Of Grover Cleveland, twice Presi?
dent of the United "States, this man's
"He is no more, no less, than a liv?
ing, breathing crime in breeches."
Of Theodore Roosevelt Hearst's
"He has sold himself to the devil !
and will live up to his bargain."
Mr. Root said that once this meth- j
od of incendiary abuse had wrought i
out its natural consequence in the j
murder of McKinley, for Hearst's!
business printed and circulated these
"McKinley makes an international !
cur of his country; he is an abject, j
weak, futile, incompetent poltroon."
"The bullet that pierced Goebel's I
Cannot be found in all the West. ]
Good reason, it is speeding here
To stretch McKinley on his bier." j
That was before Czolgosz shot
McKinley. Then Hearst's business
"Institutions, like men, will last
until they die, and if bad inst.itu- !
tions and bad men can be got rid of
only by killing, then the killing must ?
Mr. Hearst's answer to Mr. Root's !
statement of Hearst's business, if 11
remember correctly, was that Mr.
Root had on one occasion appeared In
ccurt for a man who was accused
and thereafter convicted of grand
larceny, and that Mr. Roosevelt stood
by the Steel Trust, and now of you,
The Tribune, the only force that has
ever pressed Hearst to his knees, he
says that you are "small and lonely."
Now, Mr. Editor, I do not pretend
to be Major McKinley or Colonel
Roosevelt, or Mr. Root, or Mr. Choate
ov The Tribune. I may presently
ascertain from Mr. Hearst that he
thinks I am the merest insect, with
instincts utterly reprehensible. But
there is no American who does not
know that when an American jury
has convicted Rose Pastor Stokes of
disloyalty for saying, "No govern?
ment which is for the profiteers can
also be for the people, and I am for
the people, while the. government is
j for the profiteers," there is no
I American, elephant or insect, who
! does not know that when she gets up
on June 1 to receive her sentence
from Judge Van Valkenburgh Hearst
and his business ought to be standing
right-there at her side, and that for
every day she gets he ought to get a
year, and for every dollar she has to
pay his business ought to pay a
LEMUEL ELY QUIGG.
Elmira Councilman points out
flaws in Hearst's explanation of
the deletion of Wilson's Memorial
Day proclamation?Rahway may
adopt ban on his papers on Me?
morial Day?Other news., of the
anti-Hearst movement on last
In Italy Soon,
His Statement Is Cheered
at Italy-America Cele?
Now at the Front
Ambassador di Cellere Pays
Tribute to Red Cross;
Wilson Praises Ally
American soldiers soon will be fight?
ing on the Italian battlefront.
Secretary of War Newton D. Baker so
predicted before 6,000 persons at a cele?
bration in the Metropolitan Opera
House last night of the third anniver?
sary of Italy's entrance into the war.
Mr. Baker said the American army a?
rcady has in Italy "a large and impor?
tant staff of experts who arc studying
ON TO THE FRAY
Italian methods of warfare" and "a
substantial number of our army's sani?
"But," declared Mr. Baker, "I see,
and in the no distant futuro, Ameri?
can infantry, American machine gun
units and American artillery shoulder
to shoulder with the Italians on their
Flag to Be Sent to Italy
Another intimation of the early pres?
ence of American troops in Italy came
when, ? after the conclusion of his
speech, Mr. Baker, in accepting an
American flag presented to him by an
Italian organization, said:
"It will give me pleasure personally
to place it (the flag) in the hands of
the flag-bearer of the first military
contingent of the United States which
leaves to join the ?It*li-_ir totltayon the
Italian front. I shall regret when this
flag leaves me that I am not to be
privilege.- to see . it break to the
breezes on the Alpine frontier."
Every reference to the union of
American and Italian soldiers on the
battlefront was received with resound?
ing applause, The celebration was
given by the Italy-America Society, and
the majority of the audience, which
was assembled to hear singing by al?
most all the Italian members of the
Metropolitan Opera Company, were
Italians or of Italian parentage. The
Italian Ambassador, Count Maechi di
Geliere, was among the speakers
Charles ?. Hughes, president of the
Continued on Next Page, Column _"
Vote for Ban
On German in
Superintendents Ballot, 7 to
2, to Eliminate Enemy
; Education Boards
i Action Follows Public Hear?
ing of Educators and
The Board of School Superintendents
yesterday recommended that the teach?
ing of German in the day and evening
high schools of the city be eliminated
for the duration of the war. Their rec?
ommendation will be taken up for final
action by the Board of Education at its
next meeting, on Wednesday, May 29.
It is understood the attitude of both
bodies on the question is identical.
With the banishment of the enemy
language from the high schools, the
task of ridding the public school sys?
tem of everything connected with Ger?
many is finished, as the teaching of
German in the elementary schools was
discontinued last term.
Elimination To Be Gradual
Associate Superintendent John L.
Tildsley, chairman of the committee on
high schools and training schools, in?
troduced the following resolution:
"Resolved, That the Board of Super?
intendents recommends to the Board of
j Education that in September, 1918, and
for the'duratiou of the war, no classes
in beginning German be organized in !
any public school of the City of New !
? After a-'ongdiscussion behind closed
doors seven superintendents voted for
eliminatipn aad two, William McAn
drew and John H. Walsh, opposed it.
It was pointed out that the resolu?
tion calls for the gradual elimination
of Geiman teaching classes, so that
those pupils who have started the
three-year course will be permitted to
Decrease in German Students
There are 12,054 pupils in the twenty
, four day high schools studying Ger
[ man. A year ago there were 23,898,
1 almost 100 per cent more. The falling
I off of German pupils is accompanied by
Continued on Last Paye, Column 7
Submarines Being Destroy?
ed Faster Than Germany
Can Build Them
Hindenburg in Race
British Leader Declares
Unified Allies Await Drive
EDINBURGH, May 24.?Ger?
many is straining every nerve to
strike a decisive blow before the
American armies can be brought
into the field, David Lloyd George,
j the British Prime Minister, said to?
day in an address on the occasion
I of his being tendered the freedom
j of the City of Edinburgh.
I The Allied commanders, who
knew best what the prospects were, i
he added, felt most confident about i
Mr. Lloyd George said that while j
the United States was rushing its '
men into France the present
strength of those armies was not j
the equivalent of one-fifth of the
fighting strength which was gained
by the Teutonic allies through the I
collapse of Russia.
The Premier was most optimistic I
as regards Germany's submarine '.
campaign. He said while the menace
of the underwater boat had not ?
been entirely removed the Allied ;
nations now were building ships
faster than they could be sunk and i
the unrestricted submarine warfare
might be disregarded as a vital dan?
ger by the Entente nations.
The prospects of using the entire
force of the Allies were very
bright, said Mr. Lloyd George in
discussing the united command of
the Entente armies in France. He
sounded a note of warning during
his address as to Germany's peace
rroposals, saying that the Prussian
Continued on Page 3, column 4
Costa Rica Declares
War on Teuton Powers ;
SAN JUAN DEL SUR. Nicaragua,
May 24.?The government of Costa j
Rica has declared war on the Central j
Powers, according to advices received ?
The declaration of war by Costa ?
Rica on the Central Powers brings ?
the total number of nations aligned |
against Germany up to a total of
twenty-one. All of the Central .
American states have now clearly de?
fined their attitude toward the war. \
Panama, Nicaragua and Guatemala
have become belligerents. Honduras
has severed diplomatic relations with
Germany, while Salvador has re
mained neutral, explaining that this |
neutrality is friendly to the United
Storm Also Hampers Oper?
ations in Air; Local
With the advent of rainy weather yes?
terday the fire of the guns along the
Western battlefront slackened some?
what, but lively local encounters took
place in the valley of the Lys and
along the Somme. The storm also
hampered air operations.
All authorities on both the Allied and
the Teuton side of the battle line
agree that a great German blow is
impending. Enemy military critics
believe LudendorfF will strike his first
blow in Flanders.
i The enemy continues to rate the Ameri?
can for?es as negligible, and says
j that Foch's reserves are almost ex?
hausted.- His hope of victory is based
on the reinforcements from the East
American forces arc to take a new part
in the fighting. Announcement was
made yesterday that an American air
squadron will help defend Paris
against enemy air raiders.
The Germans who have faced the Amer?
icans in the Toul sector have been
rushed to Picardy or Flanders, and
Bavarian reserve units have replaced
Germans Facing U. S. |
(By The Agsoeiated Press)
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
FRANCE, May 23.?German troops |
which faced the Americans along the j
Toul sector for several weeks have been i
withdrawn and sent to the battle area i
of Northern France.
They have been replaced by the 8th |
New German Blow
Will Be Bea'en Back
(By The. Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, May 24.?Renewal of
the German drive in France, indicated
by Premier Lloyd George to-day to be
imminent, finds American military
opinion here absolutely confident of
the outcome. There is not a doubt in
the minds of high officers familiar with
the situation that the enemy will be
repelled with loss and the offensive
power of Germany finally broken.
There are those who believe that the
end of the war may come this year as
a result. Others, however, foresee a
long defensive struggle by the German
army, while efForts to secure peace on
the best possible terms are made by
the Berlin diplomats.
Soldiers and Sailors
Get Reduced R. R. Fare
(Special Dispatch to The. Tribune)
WASHINGTON, May 24.--Soldiers
and sailors in the United States ser?
vice, whi_n travelling at their own ex?
pense, will be granted a rate of ap?
proximately one cent per mile by the
Railroad Administration, according to
an announcement to-day by Director
General McAdoo. This fare will be
granted on the delivery to the ticket
agent of certificates signed by com?
manding officers. Certificates of stand?
ard form arc now being prepared.
Director General McAdoo said that
payment of full fares was recognized
as a seriuos hardship to many men
who desired to visit their homes be?
fore going overseas. The cent-per
mile rate, it is pointed out. will per?
mit practically all men in the service
to visit their homes while on fur?
50 Shot, 1,000 Jailed
WASHINGTON, May 24.?A
German division at Dvinsk, Rus?
sia, ordered from the Eastern to
the Western front, refused to pro?
ceed, and fifty men were executed
and one thousand* imprisoned, said
a Russian wireless dispatch to?
day to the State Department.
Other German troops in the vi?
cinity held demonstrations in
favor of the division.
Men Asleep When Foe
Strikes and Survivors
Are Rescued by the
Vessel Attacked on
Route to France
For Thought Trapped
on Lower Deck by
LONDON, May 24.?The British
armed merchant troopship Mol?
davia, with American troops on
board, has been torpedoed and sunk,
according to an official bulletin is?
sued by the Admiralty this evening.
Fifty-six American soldiers are un?
accounted for and probably were
killed inside the shin by the explo?
The text of the Admiralty state?
"The armed mercantile cruiser
Moldavia was torpedoed and sunk
"There were no casualties
among the crew, but of the Amer?
ican troops on board fifty-six up
to the present have not been ac?
counted for. It is feared they
were killed in one compartment
by the explosion."
The Moldavia was torpedoed
without warning. It was a moon- I
light night, and although a good
lookout was kept, the attacking sub?
marine was not sighted before the
Most of the men aboard were in
their hammocks when the explosion
occurred amidships. The sailors and
soldiers alike showed no panic.
They fell calmly into line and
awaited orders. When it was seen
that the Moldavia was settling down
all on board were taken off by the
The men lost all of their belong?
ings, but were supplied with new
clothing at the different naval ports
where they were taken.
It is believed that the American
soldiers missing from the Moldavia
were sleeping on the bottom deck,
and were overtaken by the great in?
rush of water after the explosion,
when they were trying to reach the
main deck. It is also presumed that
some of the ladders were destroyed.
The vessel was struck below thr:
bridge. She steamed ahead for some
time after being struck, and at first
it was hoped that her watertight
compartments would enable her to
Survivors aeree that the Moldavia
was torpedoed and not mined.
"We were proceeding up the chan?
nel, bound for an'English port, early
Thursday morning," said a seaman
"The weather was fine and there was
a bright moonlight. We felt an ex
plosion ..midship... The ship had beer
struck just below the bridge, but wc
cou.d sec no submarine.
"There were some destroyers cor?
voying u:, and they at once scattered
around in search of the submarine
Only one torpedo was fired.
"When it was realized that we shoub
have to abandon the vessel, the de
;troyers came alongside to take off thi
The Moldavia was of ?.SOO tons gros
and was owned by the Peninsular i
Oriental Steam Navigation Company
WASHINGTON, May 24. Sinking o
the British armed merchant cruise:
Moldaiva, with a probable loss o
fifty-six American soldiers, was an
nounced in a cablegram to-night fron
the British Admiralty to the War De
partment. No details were given, bu
the understanding here is that the shi
was moving between England an
The War Department authorized thi
"Information has been received froi
London that the British armed mei
chant cruiser Moldavia has been sun
and that fifty-six of the American soi
diers aboard are mising. The ?r
nouncement was made by the Britis
At a late hour the Department ha
no further information to indical
: what American units were on boat
the vessel. Many men are in trainin
in England, and it is possible that tl
Moldavia was carrying a contingei
bound for the front.
The Moldavia is the third transpo
, carrying American troops to br to
I pedoed. and the fifteenth troopsh
sunk by the Germans. Of th* yes o
carrying Americans the Antilles w
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