Newspaper Page Text
First to Last?the Truth: News?Editorial?
?Advertisement? Member of the Audit Bureau of ClrculaUoru SATURDAY, MAY 25, 1918 Owned ?nd puMlshed dally by The Tribune Aasodatlnn. * New York Corporation. Ofden Rtld, r-realdant: O Vernor Boger?. Vice-President: Bl.hard 11 I-re. Secretary. F A Suter, Treasurer. Address. Tribune Building, 154 Nassau Sireet. New York. Telephone. Beekman 3000. SUBSCRIPTION BATES?By Mai!. Toatage Bald, out? side of Greater New York: IN THE UNITED STATES? OUTBID? OF GREATER NEW YORK 1 yr. . mo _ mo. 1 mo Pslly ?nd Sunday. ?.5? ?4 "?'? *??$_ ???*g Pall, only . .00 . .?0 1.75 .60 Sunday only . 3 00 1-0 ..5 .-0 CANADIAN RATIOS p?t!y afld Sunday..10 00 $5.00 $8.50 $100 Pally only . Too . r?0 l.iS ?o Sunday only . .'?00 2.50 1.35 ?50 FOREIGN BATES pally ?nd Sunday.$24.00 $12 00 $* 00 $2 00 Pall? only . 1* on 0 oo 4 so l..o Sunday only . TOO S 50 1.T5 .60 Entered at the ro.toffl.e at New \ork _s Second Class Mall Malter GUARANTEE You tan purchase marehandlie ?dvartlsed In THE TRIBUNE with absolut? ?afety?for If dissatisfaction re? sulta In any ease THE TRIBUNE guarantee* to pay your money back upon request. Ne r?l tape. No quibbling. We make good promptly If the advertiser doea not. MEMBER OF THK ASSOCIATRP TRESS The Associated Tress is ei-iusl-cly entitled to the use for rep-ibliration of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper and also the local news of spontaneous origin published herein. All rights of republkatlon v! all other matter herein are also reserved. Words Out of Place More important, we think, than the conviction of Rose Pastor Stokes was an oblique aspect of the trial which, owing to the delicate nature of its implications, is not easily dealt with as it deserves to be. But as it cannot be ignored, and as the pretence of ignoring it from a sense of false propriety may be misunderstood by people of alien and rebellious moods, we purpose to challenge it frankly. In the news report of the trial tele? graphed from Kansas City Wednesday night the following paragraph appeared : "Mrs. Stokes testified that Woodrow Wilson's book 'The New Freedom' had been instrumental in shaping her views on capitalism, and extracts from the book were read to the jury. It was explained that the book was written before the war." The explanation should go further. The book was produced before the war began in Europe. Strictly speaking, it was never written. The President in the preface says: "I have not written a book since the campaign [meaning the campaign of 1912]. I did not write this book at all. ,It is the result of the edi? torial literary skill of Mr. William Bay? ard Hale, who has put together here in their right sequence the more suggestive portions of my campaign speeches." Therefore, the book was compiled, not written; and it was compiled from Mr. Wilson's public speeches. But all explanation is beside the main point. The point is that a book called "The New Freedom," by President Wil? son, contains passages which may be quoted b?r extremists like Rose Pastor Stokes in support of such opinions on war and capitalism as now are forbidden by the government to be publicly ex? pressed. This fact taken by itself is startling, not because we did not know it before, but because we had almost forgotten it. Radicals, no doubt, will cite it further in their own defence, privately and publicly. They will make much of the apparent inconsistency that "revolution? ary" social views somewhat correspond? ing to those of the President are taboo in war time. Indeed, the point may be pressed to a most unexpected issue. Since the conviction of Rose Pastor Stokes The Tribune has been asked to say whether it would be proper for a publication secretly opposed to the war and violently anti-capitalistic to print as its own certain radical passages from "The New Freedom," especially one in which a "bloodless" revolution is dis? cussed; and whether a publication that did so would be taken up under the espionage act. We accept the question squarely. It would be improper for such a publica- i tion now to print those passages, either* as its own or as the President's, with intent to foment emotional distractions or to embarrass the Administration. We may go even further and say that some of the passages apart from the qualify? ing context ought not to be printed at this time at all by any publication for any reason; and we say this without the slightest reflection upon the views set forth in "The New Freedom" or upon the author of them. They are such views as we are all accustomed to hear and to evaluate in peace time, when the law of change and the law of inertia are in bjtter opposition. It is with much pam and misunderstanding that we learn how to destroy what is bad and preserve what is good of that order into which .we are born unawares. Strong words are spoken and forgotten. Under normal conditions we are con? tinually at war with discovered imper? fections. But in war time all that kind of strife must stop in order that the household .tself may be preserved for further improvement. The vital matter is to present a united front to the en w? iU isJidiculous." said Judge Van Stoke';t ??h\?h: tr?ed R0Se Pa*tor Stokes, "to ?unk that the President could stop in the face of the enemy Jo clean house. We don't stop in the face o?rVeZl"thUnder8t0rm t0 han? ?Ut The President almost more than any ST. M* a?le t0 make the ?^?action He would not now go about the country makmg the speeches he made in the campaign of 1912. Why? Because in? ternal dissensions hinder war In 1912 he was appealing to intelligent discon? tent with a social order in which there are many evils to be reduced. The radi? cals who quote selected and striking passages from "The New Freedom" ap peal to disaffection and disloyalty.fc There I is the essential difference. Time and intent determine the pro- i priety of words. It seems never to occur to those irreconcilable radicals who con- j fuse freedom of speech with license that ? there is such a thing as freedom of self restraint for a common cause. The Turning Tide As in great music the harmony may be suddenly overlaid by melody, so now to the faith that abideth in us there is added a new note, which is the hone of the end's beginning. The ear may hear and the heart may stir, but the hand must not relax. It is not enough that the U-boat is defeated. It shall be utterly destroyed. Yet we may lake joy in the thought that Germany has at last de? spaired of winning the war with that abominable weapon. Lloyd Georg?, an? nounces that shipping now is pro? duced by the Allies faster than it is sunk. For the first time we can see over the top of that beastly menace. Ho adds that the submarines are being de? stroyed faster than Germany can build them. This is to have taken the most formidable first lino of all. He is sure there will be another great offensive on the West front, but the defence has been greatly strengthened in men, morale and j experience; and we know, as the enemy knows, that each day henceforth until the hour of victory the weight on our j side will increase out of America's boundless resources in man power and munitions. The tide is turning. And we have only begun! Women Make Ready The women of New York will have J their first experience in party enrolment i to-day, and judging by all the signs j many women already arc more keenly interested in the occasion and know more about their responsibilities than many men. There is a lagging remnant. There is much educational work yet to be done. Yet we think every one, suffragists in? cluded, has been astonished at the speed and enthusiasm with which women have entered upon their new duties to the ? state. ' i And they purpose to enroll as citizens, not as suffragists, or as a sex. The old divisions and classifications have van- j ished in a few short months. Suffrage I is in New York a settled and accom- j plished fact. The first prophecies of evil have already been shown to be false and unfounded. The real test, the long test, now begins. It is a good omen that the women of New York enter upon their first step with zest and intelligence, show? ing an interest in party affairs and a . realization of their importance which can be a hopeful example and hint for all too many men. The "No Limit" Army The "no limit" army which the House Committee on Military Affairs has voted to authorize will have no rigid limit writ ten into the law. But it will have a more or less definite limit, fixed by the man ? power which is available under the | selective draft acts and the acts amenda tory thereof. The President cannot call into the military service persons not sub- ; ject to draft under existing laws. What would be the strength of an ! army raised by utilizing the man power : now at the disposal of the government? General Crowder's report of December : 20 last furnishes pretty complete infor? mation on this point, if it be assumed that the regulations framed for the mus- ? tering in of the first quota are to remain unchanged. The registrants between twenty-one and thirty-one years num? bered 9,586,508. Of these 3,082,949 were ! called for the first quota, and 1,057,363 were accepted. The yield was, roughly, \ one out of three. At the same ratio, j those still uncalled last December (6,- i 503,599) would yield 2,227,246 additional ! men. Estimating the regular army and the former National Guard ' organizations (raised through volunteering) at 900,000, we had about 2,000,000 soldiers in sight last winter. The 2,227,246 to be pro? duced from the uncalled registrants ! would bring the total up to about 4,200,- ! 000. The new law drafting men who have reached twenty-one since June 5, 1917, will add, perhaps, 500,000 to 600, 000 more. So that if the exemption rules remain unaltered the strength of the army will be a little short of 5,000,- ! 000. In one respect the rules have been modified by a clarification of our policy toward resident aliens. Neutral aliens are now automatically exempted. Sub? jects of Allied nations are to be released to service under their own colors, if they so elect. All aliens ought to be excluded from the draft rolls. In the first quar- ! ter 457,713 aliens were called and 76,545 were accepted. If all aliens are exempt? ed the total of drafted men still avail? able will be reduced by 131,434. If aliens now in the service are discharged or transferred there will be a further loss of 76,545. Instead of being an army "without limit," the array contemplated by the amendment to the army appropriation bill will not run much over 4,500,000. Its strength can be increased by narrowing the exemptions, especially the exemption granted because of dependents. But that would involve a radical modification of our policy of recognizing claims of fami? lies deprived of support?a step which the government may be very reluctant to take. We should certainly aim at an army with a minimum strength of from 5,000, 000 to 6,000,000. The easiest way to pro? vide sufficient man power. for such an ; army is to raise the maximum draft age. | No other country stops drafting men at thirty-one. There are many men above thirty-one without obligations to de? pendents. Why should they escape ser? vice while men under thirty-one with de? pendents are sent to fight? Broadening out the draft would give the government a freer hand to deal justly with the economic necessities of the situation. It would produce far greater equality. And. unless we prac? tise inequality on a big scale, we cannot raise the army we nee;l from the limited classes which Congress has so far desig? nated for military service. Pity the Poor Male! A groan now and then reaches us pushed from the lips of a distressed male, distressed because his life is confused and disarrayed by the appearance of women where, they are not expected. On trains, as guards, for instance. When they are homely, or their uniforms are homely (as they most awfully are in Mr. Shonts's bifurcated realm), they annoy one, just annoy one. That takes a lot out of a man. And when they are beautiful, and their uniforms are attractive (as they unquestionably are in the Hudson Tubes),, that takes a lot out of a man, too. He can't, read his paper as faithfully as he should?the regular morning's terrific gunfire preparatory to the great drive may escape him altogether. This is a pity, and we mean to be sym? pathetic. But the ways of the male are old as the record, and there is no question how their course runs. It is novelty, fem? inine novelty, that excites and thrills the male, whether the novelty be a new short? ening of a skirt, limp Jersey-like frocks that cling and cling and cling, or some? body's else wife. It is always the new girl that gets the casual flowers and the looks. So we say to these perturbed males, wait. For a few months you will have your disturbing moments, your annoying thrills. Then you will grow so accus? tomed to the female guard that you will not notice her existence. She will, be? come as the ticket chopper or the Con? gressional debater. She might wear a bathing suit, and your morning paper would hold your gaze unwaveringly. She will become even as a last year's wife. You might notice her absence. But her presence would make no impression what? ever on your retina. Pity the poor male, yes. But don't take him too seriously. A New Source of Labor Announcement through the United States Employment Service that? the La? bor Department has 75,000 Porto Ricans ready to augment the unskilled labor sup? ply here should be gratifying to employ? ers. This is but a drop in the bucket of demand, to ,be sure, and a good part of the drop will be taken for war work on government contracts. Nevertheless, this plan shows a reaching out for the much needed unskilled workers which .should offset certain contentions of employers, such as the one that Chinese labor be im? ported. The Porto Ricans are Americans. They are not Asiatics. Their being here will not produce any of the vexing problems which the bringing of Chinese into the country would start. Neither will there be great difficulty about getting them here, since they ai'e to be carried on the return trips of government transports. So far as it goes, the plan is distinctly advantageous to the United States, and should serve at the same time to stabilize labor conditions in Porto Rico. Predatory Cats Despite the opposition which it encoun? tered in the Legislature? Governor Whit? man has signed the bill permitting the Slaughter of cats found hunting birds which are protected by law. Henceforth it will be legal for any person over twen? ty-one years of age who possesses a hunting license to kill a cat discovered with a protected bird in its possession or caught in an attack on such birds. The measure was designed to aid in the conservation of game birds, which have suffered from the depredations of cats, and song birds, many of which are tremendously valuable as destroyers of grubs and insects and eaters of seeds of noxious weeds. It was substituted for the bill of last session providing for a cat license, which failed to become law. On its surface this is not especially important legislation, yet it will doubtless fall into the class with the measure per? mitting the destruction of dogs caught worrying sheep, which has been a pro? lific cause of neighborhood dissensions. Pet pussies which take no heed of bird protection will be potted and local feuds will arise over their graves. Neverthe? less, even if mistakes occur and family Toms and Tabbies succumb, the purpose sought is a good one. The hunting in? stinct cannot be eradicated from the fe? line breast, no matter how much good food is provided at home. Young game birds, young rabbits, songsters' by the dozen are killed by many a country cat in a season Moi'eover, cats multiply rapidly and run wild, when they become more destructive than some of the wild enemies of bird life. Even in the city tramp cats invade the parks' and become pests, to be hunted by the parla? guar? dians. In its defence it must be said that the cat itself is a destroyer of vermin, but there is considerable question whether the good it does balances the harm. At any rate, the burden of proof is now on the cats?or on their owners. Coiled in the Flag Hear s-s-s-s-s t New York American, January 10, 1918. Let the Red Cross Exhibit Not Only Competence but Courtesy. The Archaic Race To the Editor of the Tribune. Sir: The war is daily throwing light on | anomalies in the German character and un- I ravelling the inner thread of its parodoxes ! and contradictions. It was quite the fashion j in circles intellectual, some time ago, to re- j gard German theorists withbated awe and genuflected admiration. But as regards the art of living? ?that was quite another thing. , Germans were notoriously smug and soggy in temperament; Chinese and bizarre in ? culture. And we inferred with a show of an? alytic wisdom that there is a difference be- ' twecn theory and life. Since 1914 many of the predictions of the King of Dyspeptics have been verified. It was courageous of Carlyle to argue forty ; years ago that essentially theory and life are one; that what a man is in conduct he is, ; mutatis mutandis, in intellect, vision and j personality. The personality is, in essence, i a un'it. Is not the world's experience with Germany since 1914 striking confirmation of this truth? Onco Balzac related that a Ger? man arch-Cologist went digging for knowl? edge. Forty years he dug, in a state of comatic patience, and finally his toil ended. Ile had reached the bottom of his excava? tions and found?himself! When I lived in Germany, a student by the behest of Fate at Prussia's Musical Fortress, often I encountered the phenom? enon of suicide among students and the so-called intellectuals. The "Werther" period of anaamic romanticism had been followed by a period of Hinduism and Pessimism, fostered by the philosophy of Schopenhauer and the poetry of Lenau. At the academy where I studied under Professor Willy Hess four students made away with themselves within a space of six months. The German theorists on crime are one? sided, obsessed by a false notion of objec? tivity and utterly lacking in insight. The theories square with the Gorman character: Carlyle was right. You will find in them a queer mixture of subjective pathos with an objective show of figures, data, statistics; a morbid inner life, with a pretentious scien? tific exterior; a primitiveness which has not yet been transcended in civilization. They have failed to assimilate the humanities un? derlying learning, although their accretions of pedantic learning are mountainous. And these characteristics have been dramatized by the war. They never were civilized in the true sense of the word. From the neu? rotic Romanticism oC Werther, to Schopen? hauer's pessimism, to Nietzsche's Philosophy of the Ego, to Bernhardi's Gospel of Force, the psychological development of the Ger? man character is a consistent and adequate expression of the true inwardness of the German nature. , It is a good canon of science that it is bad to generalize; yet the observation is inescapable that the German character com? plex is pathological, specifically in its apti? tude for reversion to primitive forms of myth-building and fetich worship, as exem? plified in their apotheosis of Kaiser and Kultur. It is this complex which gives Germany the largest number of criminals in times of peace; it is this complex which is working out its maleficent aims in the present war. One of the suicides referred to in th?3 note was an interesting boy of eighteen, a febrile chap, who had memorized the whole of Nietzsche's "Thus Spake Zarathustra." Ho declaimed the "Seven Seals of Eternity" with the ardor of a fanatic. Pretending that he detested pessimism in all its forms, he was pessimistic to the core, and his glori? fication of Nietzsche was a mask to conceal his weakness. In the coffee house he held long disputations on the superman; in his room was a pile of Hindu sacred books. On the night of his suicide he spoke not a word?an alarming symptom in one so gar? rulous. He was pale and proud; held aloof; and pathetically gave up his heroic notions by inhaling gas. Germany is full of such moral cripples. A keen intellectual power seems to be at the service of a perverted view of life. There lies the germ of German Kultur. MAYO WADLER. New York, May 24, 1918. Mystification To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In the issue of The Tribune of the 20th of March last appeared a dispatch, from San Francisco to the effect that a submarine of the Dutch navy was captured at Batavia by sailors from the interned Ger? man steamer Von Luttwitz, who succeeded in putting to sea. <| With reference to the above, I beg to bring to your notice that there i.. no foundation whatsoever for this report and that The New York Tribune has apparently been t^ie? victim of a mystification. I would be much obliged if you could pub? lish in the same paper that you have been officially informed of the total non-exis? tence of any of the facts reported in afore? said news item. W. DE BEAUFORT, Charg?e d'Affaires of the Netherlands. Washington, D. C, May 21, 1918. How to Save Russia To the Editor of the Tribune. Sir: Russia needs a Lafayette to bring order out of chaos. The man who could, in my opinion, infuse the Russian national conscience with Americanism and weld our two countries into friendship with bands of everlasting steel is Colonel Theodore Roose? velt. He, more than any other man, could stif? fen the backbone of a stricken, misguided and suffering nation. And he would no doubt rejoice over the opportunity. Let us send Colonel Roosevelt to Russia. The Russians are a fine people. We need their friendship and they more than any? thing else need ours. They need our moral support as well as our financial aid. Colonel Roosevelt's name would do much toward reviving the drooping spirits of the stricken peasants. He could show them that America is willing to help in every way. LOUIS H. CHALIF. New York, May 23, 1918. Amiens \ MIENS! Amiens! Amiens! I hear the _fV bells Of your cathedral calling loud on God To shield the sacred precincts where once trod Peter the Hermit from Apollyon's shells, From sacrilege too base for infidels, From beasts whose object is to have their nod The law from Cork to Nijni-Novgorod, Converting Christian homes to servile hells. Amiens, your builders lived when war was war! Amiens, you were a fortress of the soul! Your trinity of porches could restore Peace to the weary, make poor cripples whole: To some your silent majesty meant more Than "right divine" to play a C?sar's r?le. RICHARD BUTLER GLAENZER. Ain't many of us left any more. Everybody else is helpin' to win th' war. ?From The Cleveland Plain Dealer. Revolution or Pogroms? By Maxim Gorky Maxim Gorky, the noted Russian story-ivriter and playivright, again arraigns the Bolsheviki, and in line with Boris Savinkow, former Minister of War, wlw, in an article which has just been suppressed, asked "What Has Become of My Russia?" the editor of "Nova Zhisin" (New Life) ad? dresses himself to the Soviets or People's Commissioners to inquire whether it is not a reign of pogroms rather than the revolutionary r?gime that they seek to establish. The issue of "Russkaya Vedomosto," which published the article of Savinkow, lias been suppressed. Gorky's "Nova Zhisin," according to last reports, still continues to he published, but no one knows what will happen n\xt. The article given below has been reprinted in the "Narodnaya Gazette," the Russian Socialist paper, published in this city, from which the English translation was made. i /?rTF^HE proletarian is the bearer of H a new culture." In these words were incorporated the | beautiful dream concerning the triumph \ of righteousness, reason and love, the ! dream of the triumph of man over the beast. In the struggle for the realiza ? tion of this dream thousands of men of all classes gave up their lives. Now the proletarian is at the helm, he has se? cured the coveted freedom to labor and create freely. It is now in order and pertinent to ask: "How does this labor and the pro? letarian's freedom to create express it? self?" The decrees of "the Government i of People's Commissioners" are no. more ! than newspaper feuilletons, no more, no ; less. It is that sort of literature which i is written on water, and even though a | real idea is now and then given expres ! sion to, the present circumstances forbid ; the realization of any idea. What new things, then, is the revolu ? tion bringing; how is it transforming the bitter realities of Russian life; how much light is it bringing into the dark? ened lives of the Russian people? For the period of the revolution ten \ thousand lynchings have already been j accounted for. This is how democracy ! is meting out judgment upon those who ? have in some way sinned against the new order. ; A thief was caught at the Alexandrian i Market in Petrograd. The mob threw i itself at him, assaulted him in a mur ! derous manner and then his disposition ; was pfaced before a vote of the crowd. What form of death should be dealt out to him? Should he be drowned or shot? It was voted to drown him, and the wretch was thrown into the ice-cold ! river. He succeeded in swimming to safety and crawled out at the edge of ! the water. Then one of the mob stepped forward and shot him. Two deaths then; he was both drowned and shot. The middle ages of our history are known to be .epochs of excessive cruelty, but even then it was the rule that when a condemned man through some mishap fell from the gallows alive he was al? lowed to go free. What effect do these lynchings have upon the rising generation? Soldiers are leading a thief who is about to be drowned. He has almost been beaten to death. He is entirely covered with blood. His face is torn | and one eye entirely extinguished. The , procession is followed by a large as : semblage of children. Then the children | turn back dancing and hopping and shouting: "He is drowned, he is drowned !" And these are our own children, the builders of our future ! How cheap human life will become in their estimation, and human life?we should not forget this? is the best, the most precious gift, the greatest treasure in the possession of the world. The war has placed the human being on par with a piece of lead, and on account of this estimate we have raised a hue and cry and attacked the "Im? perialists." Whom should we now blame for the daily brutalities perpetrated upon human beings? Due to a whole chain of. circumstances the publication and circulation of new books in Russia has been entirely dis? continued and at the same time numer? ous of the most valuable libraries are being destroyed. Only recently the peasants pillaged the estates of Chud skow, Obolemski and a whole list of other wealthy establishments., The peas? ants appropriated everything that had any value in their eyes and burned the books in the libraries, broke the works of sculpture with their axes and cut up and tore the paintings to tatters. These forms of art and culture and science have no value in,the eyes of the coup try people, and it is even doubtful whether any perceptible appreciation of them prevails among the masses in the cities. For many nights now they have been robbing the wine cellars. Throngs of infuriated men beat each other over the heads with bottles, cut their hands with the glass and then wallow like pigs in the mire and blood. Up to this time wine to the value of millions has already : been destroyed and many more millions ; will be lost in the same manner. The I sale of these valuable goods to Sweden ! would have brought us large sums of ! money or great quantities of other mer? chandise of which the country is greatly in need, especially raw material, ma? chinery, medicines, etc. The gentlemen at the Smolny Insti? tute have awakened too late to a realiza? tion of the situation. They now threaten to punish drunkenness with the severest penalties. But drunkards are not afraid of punishments, and they go on destroy? ing the goods which long ago should have been requisitioned and used for the welfare of the whole impoverished population. During the days of the progress of drunkenness human beings were shot down like dogs and the cold-blooded de? struction of human lives came to be a commonplace daily occurrence. In the newspaper "Pravda" the pogroms of the drunken mobs are written up as the "provocative acts of the bourgeois"? which is clearly a misrepresentation, the employment of a pretty phrase which can only lead to the further shedding of blood. Theft and robbery are increasing from day to day. The practice of the art of taking bribes is becoming more and ! more widely introduced and our new officials are already as well trained in ? the art as those who served under the i Czar's government. The dubious indi | viduals who have assembled around the Smolny Institute do not even hesitate to intimidate the frightened citizens. The coarseness of the representatives ? of the government of the "People's ! Commissioners" has aroused universal I protest, and yet these representatives : speak in grieved tones. The various | petty officials who hover about the ; Smolny Institute appear to be drunk | with a sense of conquest and regard the I citizens as if they were the conquered, acting even as the misguided police of former days were in the habit of acting. They shout and scold and give com ; mands to every one, just as of yore the village sheriffs would treat the inhab- j itants of the obscurest rural districts in Kanotop or Tchsuloma, and all this is done in the name of the "proletarian, ' in the name of the "social revolution." j But in reality it represents only the tri ! umph of the beast over man, the as I cendancy of the Asiatic spirit which still ; dwells among us, the ugly growth upon j our soul. Where, then, is that spirit ? which expressed itself in "the idealism ! of the Russian workingman" whom Carl | Kautsky has so enthusiastically eulo ; gized? Where is that which is supposed to be ? incorporated in the morality of social? ism?the new morality? I expect that one of our "realists in ! politics" will answer me contemptuously \ with the usual phrase: "What is it you wish? Do you not ! realize that this is the revolution?" No! I do not recognize the unmis ! takable signs of the social revolution in this association of zoological instincts. It is a combination of the feelings of ; our lower selves, without socialism, : without the spirit of socialism, without the psychology of socialism. Repatriate Them To the Editor cf the Tribune. Sir: When the conflict now raging in Europe is over I w^uld suggest that all German-Americans and Germans in this country who all through this world calam? ity have felt uo loyal to their fatherland, in spite of the constant piling up of indis? putable evidence of cupidity, rapine, vas? salage and wanton murder, be forced to re? turn to Germany. This is the only way any of these patriots can be induced to prove their loyalty to Willy and aid in rehabili? tating the home cf kultur, for they well know what a pleasant task confronts them ? .pending the rest of their lives under heavy taxation in order to pay for the disaster brought on Germany by the mad Kaiser and his band of hell-hounds! FREDERIC E. MOWLE. New York, May 23, 1918. Imported Strife To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Mrs. Rose Pastor Stokes says, "For twelve years I was half-naked, ill-nour? ished and poorly clad. I worked by night as well as by day to help piece out my fam? ily's existence. I never had anything I wanted." Allowing for customary rhetori? cal exaggeration, we may suppose the state? ment to be true of the class of people to which Mrs. Stokes belongs. It would not be true of an American young girl. The conditions she complains of were imported conditions. They are no longer existent. Hundreds of thousands like Mrs. Stokes arrived in this country in droves, steeped in ignorance and superstition and pro? foundly distrustful of actual Americans. They segregated themselves and were ex? ploited cunningly and unscrupulously by their own people. New and un-American conditions Vere thus created by people who were un-Ameri? can. Sweatshops and tenement house con? tract labor had eventually to be suppressed by American legislation. As the younger immigrants of this class grew up and found liberty of expression they had better memo? ries of the sweatshop iniquities, but made the mistake of blaming America arid Ameri? cans for the evil conditions. They had suffered from a disease they brought with them, and yet Mrs. Stokes and agitators of her people, not yet fully developed in Americanism, are so unintelli? gent as to blame America and Americans for the results of the disease. They seek to wreck the Americanism which made it pos? sible in due time to prohibit sweatshop iniquities. Most of us remember the fearful howls with which Mrs. Stokes's own people greeted the reform laws which destroyed the sweatshop. They protested against the salutary application of Americanism to the very thing that enslaved them. In the sweatshop era they invaded certain indus? tries, and in every instance they degraded them. The policy of the exploiters of Mrs. Stokes's people included shoddy pro? duction and price cutting. Those who in such industries were conforming to Ameri? can principles of industrial justice were many of them driven out of the popular markets. Other races of immigrants went through the same experience, but not so acutely or extensively as did the Russian Jews. We remember the segregations of the Irish and Germans before the coming of Italians, Hebrews and Greeks. Within twenty years I have visited factories in the Eastern Dis? trict of Brooklyn, owned by Germans, in which the majority of the mechanics could not speak English. There were then, and there may be now, districts in Williams burg in which very few persons could speak English. This condition was encouraged by exploiters, whose aim was to secure labor, skilled and unskilled, below the price of real American labor. These districts were dangerous to America solely because they were un-American. Is it not necessary to keep these facts in mind and to vigorously object to the slan? ders of America, which half-way Americans, such as Mrs. Stokes, continue to utter, despite the fact that the American spirit has made it very difficult in this last decade, if not for a longer period, for employers to exploit employes? I was myself an immigrant. I came to New York forty years ago a youth alone, with less than $50 in my pocket. No one ever attempted to oppress me. Everywhere I had a square deal, but no mollycoddling. At times I was hard up and twice I went real hungry?"busted," and nothing to eat in sight. But I always worked for Americans, and Americans are not oppressors. Ameri? cans helped me to become an American, as they have helped Mrs. Stokes and folks of that ilk to emerge from slavery imposed upon them by their own people, not yet American. And now, is. it not disgraceful that, because of race-made bad conditions now abolished, so many of these people, led by Mrs. Stokes, are giving aid and comfort to our enemy and weakening our defence of the liberty which existed here before they came here, exists now if one has the spirit to recognize and accept it, and will con? tinue to exist when the not unprofitable occupation of disloyal agitation has ceased to be profitable? H. L. B. Jersey City, N. J., May 23, 1913. No Tolerance To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: A recent issue of "The Dial" con? tains an article on American intolerance. The point of the article seems to be that the "dominant" class in America is jealous of its "prestige" and is aided by the war in opposing a "true cosmopolitan democracy." Also that we are lamentably intolerant in our viewpoint toward our enemies. To quote: "Our best people have ap? proved some of our worst excesses or have excused them as being inevitable." Also: "Our certified Americans educated in the theory that the world war was a struggle for Anglo-Saxon prestige" And: "The 'enemy within' is our enemy only because we make him so." The dictionary gives the word intolerant as "unwilling to endure contrary beliefs." Now, I would like to suggest that the above acticle is twofold misleading. And at this time criminally so. Can the author of it name the "dominant" class in Amer? ica? It would be very hard to do so at : this time, when bankers are the backbone of our war preparation?, whev; manufacturers are serving the government, when million? aires' sons are in the ranks, farmers are prosperous, and the immigrant of a year ago is accepted by our best blood as a comrade in the war. The article in "The Dial" is misleading in another sense, for it decries intolerance. When the first British soldiers went to Franco they were tolerant of their enemies, as one sportsman is of another. They learned their error speedily. We were tolerant, the country and Con? gress, of German submarines, and we were rewarded with the thing that; is best called "frightfulness" by Germans themselves. The Italian and Russian soldiers were be? trayed into tolerance of their enemies only to face invasion as the price of their mis? take. If General Washington had not been hotly intolerant of weakness wc might never have had the United States of Amer? ica. And if General Grant had not been intolerant of halfway measure-; the United States of America might not have lived. If the early Christian disciples had not been intolerant of idolatry, how would Christianity have been established? If Luther had been tolerant of certain wrongs, would there be a Protestant church to? day? If Pasteur had been "willing to endure" disease, how would his invaluable anti-toxins have been discovered? Intolerance is our best armor- -for thos? of us at home -against our enemies. Espe? cially when we are offered, via Berlin, a fruitless peace. We tried tolerance too long. And we are beginning to see that it does not work. The article in "The Pial" would be first rate if it tvrncd around and pointed the other way. At present it has a Hearst ian tone. That is a bad thing to say about it. But is no? Hearst the leading disciple of "tolerance" in this country'.' HAROLD A. LAMB. New York, May 19, 1918.