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Best in World, Declares Ford He Pays Tribute to Inven? tors as His Plant Attains Quantity Production All Orders Will Be Filled by September 'Plane Output Behind, but Body Builders Are Speeding Work By Theodore M. Knappen DETROIT, May 24. As quantity pro? duction of tho Liberty motor, t'nough buton entering wedge, was attained at the Ford factory to-day, Henry Ford, ?renewing the evolution of the motor, oid: "It is a wonderful creation. It is un deniably the finest mechanism of the fcind the world has ever seen. It rep? resents about the maximum of power possibilities in aeroplane motors, jn- ; ?much as it develops about two horse- [ poster for each pound of weight. The I men who have worked out this extraor- I ??jury motor deserve the thanks and j heartfelt appreciation of the nation. Instead of that they are being cruci? fied. I fed especially _orry for Colo? nel E. A. Deeds, and especially indig? nant at his detractors. I have been wondering what 1 could do to set him right There is nothing I would not ?o to help him/' Goal Is 100 a Day Viee-Ptesident Wills of the Fort < Motor Company agtees with Mr. Ford and holds that the time has come for the people to stop worrying about past delays and postponed fulfillments of ? promises and centre their attention on the essential facts of the successful ! evolution and realized quantity pro- ; daetion of the Liberty motor. Encour- j sgement and recognition at this stage, I he says, will be the best spurs to re- | sewed efforts. The Ford production aims at one hun? dred motors a day. The plant will doubtless attain or surpass that volume within three months, and probably will ' produce twenty-iive a day by the middle ofJune. By that time the Buick plant ?tFlint, Mich.; the Cadillac plant here, 1 theTrego plant in Connecticut and the i Nordyke-Marmon plant at Indianapolis : liso will be in production. The output ' of these plants, plus that of the Pack- , irdand Lincoln company, which are al- ! ready weil into production, will total j not less than one hundred a day by ! June 15. i Will Fill All Orders by September A? the rate of production will accel- ; ente rapidly from that time on until it reaches between 400 and 500 a day, ! manufacturers are already beginning ' to feel that additional orders should j be placed at once in order that prepara- j tions can be made for continuous pro duction. Although France, England and Italy have put in requests for 14,000 I Liberty motor.., the total number act nail y ordered from manufactures to [ date is only 22,500, which probably will i represent only two months' run of the ' capacity the factories will have in Au- ; pist The chances are, therefore, that ; the whole standing order will be filled ? in Setpember, at the latest. Motor production, however, is now j ?o far ahead of the output of battle | planes and is likely to be for so long j a time, that large numbers of the i original United States Government or-, j dtrs of Liberty motors can be diverted i to fill the requirements of the Allies. Plane Production Speeded ^ Production of the De Haviland j "four" plane is just about beginning I at the plants of the Fisher Body Cor- : poration here. That company is i scheduled for forty planes a day when j the maximum output is reached, -vhich, American Front Silent, But Storm Is Brewing Singing of the Lark and Creaking of Farmer's Harrow Only Sounds to Break the Stillness Where Big Guns v Have Roared for Weeks By Wilbur Forrest (Special Cable to The Tribune) WITH THE AMERICAN FORCES IN l^tCARDY, May 24.?The same morgue? like calm that you experience at sea before a storm is the best impression of this front to-day. Three days ago the enemy's artillery figuratively de? clared peace and its fire was cut to a minimum. lor two days our guns thundered on intermittently and then '.hey entered into the spirit of the thing. As this is being written the harshest .ound within earshot is the sputtering of the American motorcycle belonging to a dispatch rider taking a message back to the roar. Ilis message reads: "Nothing to report." As the sound of the motor dies away the singing cf the French field larks down the load is the only sound to break the stillness. The lark's notes have replaced what whs recently the thundering roar of guns, easily heard twenty miles in the roar. Every Gun Is Silent After midnight this morning I walked along a road in the brilliant moonlight in this vicinity which is usually raked by the enemy's fire. The shadowed shell holes that 1 occasionally passed on the way to the trenches and the constant pyrotechnic display of the watch flares ?on the line as it winds around the Montdidier salient gave the only ocular evidence of war. The ear could detect nothing. Early this morning, before sunrise, the sit? uation at the actual front was the same. A rifle shot would have startled the most hardened soldiers who have been hearing the din for weeks. As the sun rose an enemy eausnge poked its nose above the trees from j the enemy's rear. This was our sig? nal to leave. Skirting through the bushes to our hidden car we cranked up and scuttled down the open road as fast as our Detroit mail-order auto mobile could take us. ' Beat Enemy Shells The sausage observer observed us ? and signalled for shrapnel. It came, [ but it wan behind: we were moving too fast. With the exception of an oc? casional two or three shells like these , of especially directed shrapnel, it is evident thai the enemy gunners are under positive orders to withhold fire. The effect is unique to those who : have become accustomed to being luMcd I to sleep by the high explosive thunder. i Add to this the incongruity of an Amer? ican infantry band playing soft evening accompaniments in a certain village where shells two day., ago were not ? entirely unknown, or a soldier-singer from New York singing war parodies on popular home music to a semi-circle of admiring soldiers and officers. None Is Deceived Another touch of incongruity is the rattling of the farmer's harrow on the gravel road near the front as he comes | home from the field in the summer dusk where he has been working de? spite the possibility of shell lire. The ! harrow drowns out the. band and the | singing completely and they are forced to stop until it has passed. Out of this deadly calm, within | twelve or twenty-four hours or any ! minute now, the shell fire will break | loose and the war will continue. Every j body knows it's the lull and they are ? ready for the storm. in consequence of the elaborate prep? arations and the great accumulation of parts that have been made, will be at? tained very rapidly. The Fisher Company received in? structions yesterday to go ahead on an ? immense order for the great Caproni night bombing planes. There will be little or no delay in turing these planes out at a very rapid rate, possibly as high, not withstanding their size, as twenty a ; day, when the capacity of the plant is I attained. American Aviators Will Defend Paris Squadron Will Be Made Up of the Best American Pilots PARIS, Thursday, May 23.?An Amor- : ican squadron, composed of aviators j chosen from among the best American pilots, in the future will help to de? fend Paris against enemy air raids. : Offer of this help was made spontane- j ously by the chief of the American Aviation Service and accepted by the French Government through M. Du rr.esr.il, minister of aviation. An official Announcement says the | American offer was made after a Ger- ] man air raid some time ago. Final ar- i rangements were concluded to-day. One of the bombs dropped in the ; outskirts of Paris during last night's j Attack by German aviators killed six I members of a family recently repatri- j ated through Switzerland. Ten other persons were injured. The other bombs j which were dropped in the suburbs ? fell on farm lands, causing but slight J damage. i British Bag Zeppelin i LONDON, May 24.?Fisherman who j have arrived at Esbjerg, on the Danish coast of the North Sea, say that a | Zeppelin has been brought down in the i North Sea, a Copenhagen dispatch to i the Exchange Telegraph Company re? ports. The crew of the German airship was rescued by a British destroyer. ?aks&.?omimttM Broadway at 34th Street * ^ Offer Most Remarkable Values Today in Men's Silk Neckwear at 55c 1$ A choice collection of open-end cravats, in patterns that are not only new, but more taste? ful in their soft, harmonious colorings than any before seen this season at a popular price. Tailored with unusual skill in Foulard Silks, Self Figured Silks, Rumchundahs, Grenadines, Crepe Failles, and Mogadars. New Summer Shirts for Men at $2 <? These shirts are now impossible to obtain to re? tail at this price. They are tailored in good-look? ing Silk-striped Madras, Imported Crepes in all colors of the rainbow, Hairline Shirtings now very scarce, and other fine fabrics, all dyed with fast indanthrene colors. Soft cuffs only. Saks "Outdoor" Shirts, Special at $1.65 <| For business,H sports wear and general use. Cool, and very serviceable. Made with collar at? tached in Oxford Cloth, Whitman's Soisette, and fine mercerized cloths. Tan or White. Congress Is Asked To Raise Army's j Age Limit to 55 Baker Proposes Using Men Over 40 for Non-Com batant Service WASHINGTON, May 24. Another move toward full utilization of the j country's man power was made to-day, ; when Secretary Baker sent to Congress j the draft of a bill proposing to raise j the maximum age limit for voluntary I enlistment in the army from forty to | fifty-five years. All men. over forty so ; enlisted would be assigned to non-com b?tant service. In a letter to Speaker Clark asking ; that the bill be pushed Secretary Baker ; said: "Every man above the age of forty j years who is enlisted in non-combatant ; branches of the service will make avil able for duty with the line troops a man within the prescribed age limit for all troops. "Many men whose long experience ! as mechanics and artisans will make | them particularly valuable to the vari- ; ous staff corps, and departments may ! be thus secured instead of younger I men without such experience, and the efficiency of the staff corps and the de- ; partments thus will be increased." There probably are 7,500,000 men be- j tween the ages of forty and fifty-five, and many thousands of them already ; have attested their desire to serve by I bombarding the department with appli- j cations. While the great majority of j the men in this class undoubtedly will | be restrained from enlisting by family ! and business ties, the number at liberty ! to join the colors is expected to be more than sufficient to meet the pur? pose in view. Staff corps positions include many duties behind the front. Every head? quarters unit includes a number of po? sitions for which the older men would be just as well suited as the present occupants, who, under the new plan, would be released for line duty. Official estimates are that a .nodern army to be maintained as an efficient unit must have between 40 and 45 per ceiit of its actual strength on duty be? hind the fighting zone. This means that of the first 1,000,000 men sent to France 400,000 serve along the line of communication, in hospitals or at the various headquarters and debarkation bases. French Senator Says Meat From U.S. Was Returned PARIS, Thursday, May 23?The ar ' rival of American troops has been re- j I ceived with great enthusiasm and | gratefulness in France, but the Amer ! icans are purchasing meat here, said j Senator Chastenet, in criticising the ; latest measures of food control of i Victor Boret, Minister of Provisions, jin the Senate to-day. j He said the government had failed j to provide refrigerating warehouses, and for that reason it had been ! necessary to send back to the United States frozen meat which had been ! imported. i M. Boret explained to-day to The As ? sociated Press that he intended to ! have French ships, made available by ' the diminution of importation of ce ; reals by France, transformed into re ? frigerator vessels. "The work," said the minister, "will be done in America, because you have shown what you can do in shipbuild? ing'"_._ ! U. S. Engineer Units That Helped Stem Drive Are Named WASHINGTON, May 24.?Engineer units which were in action with the British army against the Germans be? tween March 21 and April 3 were Companies B and D, 6th United States I Engineers, Colonel John N. Hodges, ! commanding, the War Department to ?day announced. Colonel Hodges has ! been awarded the British Distin iguished Service Order in recognition of his services. , .-,.,,. 1 They were serving with the rifth British Army and were n action al ?Chaulncs, Morcuil. I'?1?1?:,^ ",fusc Ubsncourt and Bois do ToiIUuw. U-Boat Peril Is Overcome, Says Premier i (Continued from Fir.? Tuge) autocracy did not intend to bring', the war to an end "until its basket is as full as it can hold." Reverting to the shipping situation, ' the Premier said that in April the out put of shipping for the first time ex-j cceded the losses. This statement was ! greeted with great enthusiasm, his j hearers rising and cheering again and ! again. The Premier paid a tribute to the ' sailors of the navy and the mercantile marine, "whose invincible valor over? came the submarine difficulties." "Besides protecting our ships and the ships of our allies, ' said Mr. Lloyd George, "they had to undertake the dif? ficult task of harrying, pestering, chas? ing and pursuing submarines day and night. They never ceased until they j conquered that pest and blocked two ' of their nests - Ostcna and Zcebruggc. ! These were thrilling deeds which gave new heart to our people." Heads Admiralty Report The Premier read a report which he ? had just received from the Admiralty, "as regards the meeting of enemy sub? marines- that it was going on satis? factorily." That, said the Premier, is ' official language. "We have reached the position," said Mr. Lloyd George, "that we are sinking German submarines faster than they can build them. We are building mer? chant ships?that is, the Allies as a whole ?faster than they can sink them." The Premier said that from data at1 present available the Admiralty held the opinion that in the month of April there was a record destruction of en? emy submarines. When it came to the increase in shipbuilding, the month of April was the record month since the ruthless submarine warfare com? menced. For the first time the output exceeded the losses, and that, he said, was not a bad record for a government whose faults were so freely advertised. Mr. Lloyd George said that the sub? marine as a means of inflicting injury was still formidable, "but as a danger which can cause the winning or the losing of the war we can rule it out." The failure of the submarine has been recognized by the Germans, and that accounted for the present offensive in the West. The enemy had been driven into that offensive as a last resort to secure victory. On Eve of Formidable Attack "Nevertheless," said Mr. Lloyd George, "we must not underrate the for? midable character of that attack. The collapse of Russia caused a yawning gap in the bridge which has not yet been spanned by the coming of Amer? ica; and until the span is reconstructed by America, Great Britain, France and Italy have to defend the gap." The Premier said tbat the Allies were on the eve of a great German attack, and that those who knew best what the prospects were felt most confident about the result. He said he felt hap? pier than at any time during the war over the prospects of making the most effective use of the entire forces of the alliance. He had tried repeatedly to achieve unity of command, and now that had been accomplished. It was really incredible that for months the government had to fight every inch of the way to unity of direction against potent influences. But unity was now a fact, and it had added mightily to the strength of the Allies. The com? mander of the Allied armies, General Foch, he said, was one of the most brilliant of war strategists, A Hindenburg-Wilson Race "He is a man of dynamic energy and profound knowledge and experi? ence," said the Premier, "commanding the respect, admiration, confidence and affection of the Allied soldiers of every army." T'.ie Premier said the Allies were ap? proaching the greatest battle that was ever fought and upon which depended greater consequences for the human race than any other battle in the world's History. He was glad to think that the Allies had to head the forces for freedom a man of General Foch's commanding genius. "For the Germans, as well as for us, the next few weeks will be a race between Hindenburg and President Wilson," said Mr. Lloyd George, "and the Germans are straining every muscle to reach the goal first, on the eve of American help becoming avail? able for the Allies. "This is not a time to organize cam? paigns to harrass men in charge of the destinies of the nation. There ought to be a truce from all those man? ?uvres, at any rate until this great offensive is over. Everything must be done to keep up the spirits and the moral determination and unity of the people as long as this struggle con? tinues. \ "As we are approaching wftat may Wilson Saves Soldier Sentenced to Death CAMP McCLELLAN, Ala., May j 24.?President Wilson to-day com- j muted the sentence "to be shot by I ' musketry," imposed on Private I George Abendschein, Company L, ; 115th Infantry, by a general court martial, to twenty years at hard labor in the Atlanta Penitentiary. Abendschein is found guilty of i deserting three times, breaking con? fine ment twice and being absent without leave. At the completion of the sentence he will be dishon? orably discharged. Mitigation of the original punishment was recom? mended by Major General Charles G. Morton. be the decisive struggle of the war it is encouraging to know that, we are entering it with a good heart and a clear conscience. "Had ? thought that by any safe or honorable means we could either have ; averted this struggle from the start or ' brought it to an earlier termination I should feel at this moment not merely - burdened down with anxiety, but weighted down with guilt. "I can honestly say that the govern- | ment has neglected no possible means ! for finding out whether there was any honorable outlet to this war.of its j horrors and tragedies." i "There are two types of extremists." Mr. Lloyd George continued. "The ex? tremist who is trying for pence when there is no peace is not a real friend of peace, but an enemy of peace. He is an encouragement to the enemy and depresses his friends. Then there is the war extremist, who regards every thought of making peace as if it were treason to the state. fSut the path of sanity and safety which a government ought to tread is between those two ext .ernes. Prussians Out for Plunder "There are men who have paid too much heed to the speeches of states? men of the Central Powers. To all ap? pearances they are reasonable speeches , and a good many people in this and other countries have said. 'Why don't you respond to these ?eppe.B.. ?' "We did answer, and the moment ^? answered the response came from the German cannon. Why? It was not be-j cause the German and Austrian states- j men were deliberately deceiving us. That is no: the charge. It was because j ihey did not in the least understand] in those countries how they are used by their military chieftain.. "When it served their purpose they were mere puppets. ? When it suited the purpose of the military chieftains they were allowed to let loose their peace cylinders, when the wind was favorable, in the direction of the Al? lies, to poison the atmosphere, but there was other business to be done, and that was where the military chief? tains came in. "We are dealing -with a ruthless Prussian despotism that is out for plunder, loot and pillage. Treaties re? strain? them just as little to-day as in the day of Belgian. They do not in? tend to bring the war to an end until their basket is as full as it can hold." Attacks Destructive Critics The Premier, in concluding his speech with a plea that any criticism at this time should be intended not to hurt but to help, said: "During the eighteen months ? have been at the head of affairs I have had no party organization behind me to de? fend or advertise my public record. I have neither the time nor the inclina? tion for either. "No mere intrigue or cabal could place at the. head as chief director of the British Empire and maintain him for eighteen months an ordinary man of the people, without rank or social in? fluence or special influence and with no party organization behind him. I was put there by the will of the people of this country to do my best to win the war, and as long as 1 continue to do my best I feel sure that 1 shall have behind me men of all parties and creeds who place the honor of their native land above the triumph of any faction." Britain Decides to Ask Exchange of Prisoners LONDON, May 24.?The War Cabinet has decided to open negotiations with Germany, through Holland, for the ex? tension of present arrangements for the repatriation and internment of civilian and combatant prisoners. Men's Saks-Made Suits at $25 IJ The models take in everything from the snug-fitting single-breasted styles for young fellows to the most conservative models for men of maturer years. Single and double breasters are shown in both 2 and 3-button effects, exhibiting variations in pockets and lapels that leave nothing to be desired. ^| If you lean toward a Fancy Cheviot; have an affinity for Striped Suitings ; if you prefer a Green or a Brown, or a snappy mixture; or if you have a tri-color striped suiting in mind it's here in this showing of Saks-made suits at twenty-five dollars. fl You never saw such a display of suits at the price, nor has it ever been our privilege to assemble anything like it heretofore. Over 1,000 to Choose From. Golf and Norfolk Suits Formerly $17.50 to $28 Reduced to $12 and $16 _Quantity Limited_ Women's Sport Boots and Oxfords TRIG FOOTWEAR FAVORED OF THE SEASON $4.00 $5.00 $7.00 Smart to a degree?very moderate in price?"sport" footwear as pleasing to the eye as it is comfortable in wear. Women's White Canvas Oxfords; Du-Flex sole; raised heel; white welt outer and welt inner sole. Illustrated $4 a pair Women's White Canvas Lace Shoes; Rinex sole; cool and comfortable. Ilktstrated $5 a pair Women's White Buck Oxfords; perforated vamp strap; Du-Flex sole; raised heel. Illustrated $7 a pair Women's White Buck Lace Boots; Du-Flex sole; perforated vamp tip and eyelet stay; raised heel. Illustrated $7 a pair Women's Tan Russia Calf Lace Shoes; Du Flex sole; raised heel. Illustrated $7 a pair Women's Tan Russia Calf Oxfords; Du-Flex sole; perforated seam and heel foxing; welt sole. Illustrated $6 a pair GIMBELS Shoe Section?Second Floor $7.00 $7.00 $6.00 ?Brooklyn, New Jersey and Long Island Customers?Direct to GIMBELS via lubes and Subway, o^^.mm i/' i*msw;'-^ ~*sgfr-*ssT-<* 3Td ST. - BROADWAY-SS*? ST TJ/e/Ts Crofut & Knapp Straw Hats $3.00 The "Hundred Per Cent. Hat" for the Gentleman! One man walked clear from 59th almost to our door before he found exactly the hat he wanted. It was a "C & K" (Crofut & Knapp) fresh from GIMBELS. Maybe he wasn't glad to pay $3 for such a hat ! Yours is here. It is as easy as a cap, and is "the hundred per cent, hat" for the gentleman. 5,000 Straw Hats at $1.85 Decidedly NOT what you usually see at $1.8 5! Fine and rough sennits and dozens of fancy straws; in fact, every straw?and every shape?that's good. G-MBEL-Greenhut Sale?Hat Shop?Fourth Floor Men's Clothing $19.50 and $26.50 At $19.50 A big assortment of men's suits ill light and dark shades. Plain blue, plain oxford greys and fancy mixtures. Sizes broken. But we can find a suit for any man 33 to 50 in regular stouts. or At $26.50 Some of the suits one-quarter, one half or full lined; some silk, others mohair lined, in this season's latest colors, in plain blue serge, plain brown, plain greys, fancy striped effects, checks, plaids. 34 to 5Q, And These Specials for the Boys Boys' Norfolk Suits, $8.75, $11.75, $13.75 Splendid values in wool mixt? ures, mostly dark patterns-, splendid school suit. Broken sizes in each lot. Boys' Blue Serge Norfolk*, $6.50, $8.75, $11.75, $13.75 Splendid quality serge with one pair of knickerbockers. Broken sizes in each lot. Boys! Khaki Military Suits, $4.95 A splendid quality Klutki? just the right shade, consisting of coat and breeches. Sizes 5 to 14 years. Boys' Junior Overcoats, $3.95 Shepherd check, some with service emblem on the sleeve. Sizes 3 to . years. Boys' Wash Suits, $1.85 Both in the Middy and Junior Suit styles, in splendid washable colors. Sizes .. to S years. Boys' Knickerbockers, $1.50 For Summer wear; very ser? viceable; good quality; grey and tan khaki, grey and tan crash, white duck. GIMBEL-Greenhut Sale?Fourth Floor ^H Another Thousand Automobile Tires (Seconds)?Savings as Big as Ever You who keep down your automobile upkeep know that seconds are not so frequent nowadays. We had to wait for these. And there's no telling when we'll have more. SO BUY PLENTY SATURDAY. And come early enough to get your favorite kind. CL?"Clincher" SS?"Straight Side" NS?"Non-skid" Auto Tires "Seconds y* 30x3 30x3 30x3 U 30x3 \-t 32x3 i?? 3 x3i? 32x3 lz 32x3 % 32x4 32x4 32x4 33x4 33x4 34x4 34x4 34x4 ?? 35x5 36x4 ,? 37x5 37x5 30x3 i* 32x4 35x4 J2 35x5 36x4 M Firestone McGraw McGraw Firestone Portage Firestone Firestone Norwalk McGraw Nelson Victor Firestone Victor Victor Firestone Standard Portage Standard Portage Standard C. L. C. L. C. L. C.L. S.S. S.S. S.S. S.S. S.S. C.L. S.S. S.S. S.S. S.S. S.S. S.S. S.S. S.S. S.S. S.S. Plain Plain Plain Non Skid Plain Plain N. S. N. S. Plain N.S. Rib N.S. Rib Rib N.S. N.S. N.S. N.S. N.S. N.S. VrUr. $8.75 $8.75 $11.20 $14.40 $14.05 $13.20 $17.00 $21.15 $17.45 $16.00 $26.05 $24.40 $26.50 $26.95 $25.00 $29.20 $37.55 $30.70 $39.70 $39.45 Keystone Tires "Firsts Keystone Keystone Keystone Keystone Keystone C. L. N. S. S. S. N. S. S.S. N.S. C. L. N. S. C. L. N. S. rrU-r. $18.80 $30.00 $44.55 $52.30 $45.20 Auto Tubes "Seconds ? 30x3 30x3 V? 30x3 .2 31x3 .? 32x3?? 32x3 .i 34x3 % 34x4 32x4.2 35x4 % 37x5 GIMBEL Prie?. Norwalk Gray $1.70 Norwalk Gray $2.15 Norwalk Red $2.30 Norwalk Red $2.40 Norwalk Red $2.50 Norwalk Gray $2.25 Norwalk Red $2.90 Norwalk Gray $3.25 Norwalk Gray $3.60 Norwalk Gray $3.75 Norwalk Gray $4.60 Greenhut Sale?Sporting Goods Store?Fourth I-ist. $14.00 $14.30 $17.90 $23.00 $22.45 $21.10 $27.15 $33.85 $27.95 $28.50 $41.69 $39.00 $42.35 $43.12 $40.00 $46.75 $60.05 $49.15 $63.50 $63.10 Uat. $23.50 $34.70 $55.65 $65.35 $56.50 List $3.35 $4.15 $4.60 $4.65 $4.80 $4.40 $5.75 $5.85 $7.15 $7.35 $9.20 Floor Brooklyn, New Jersey and Long Island Custom? ers?Direct to GIMBELS via Tubes and Subway.