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text of Roosevelt's Reply to Burleson
?iea rstA ttacks on A Hies Denounced by Roosevelt Continued from Paqe S v . ?**?*? ?t spoke of our 'inter, ?J5Europe's vwr.^ Ca/i? Acfion Contrary To Principle of Justi ?Tt Is absolutely impossible to r JL the government's action in p ???? ?eainst Tom Watson's pa] 2?S SB?? to proceed against ? ?\'s napers on any theory tl ?SS'wC'to be done alike to t Te above quotations from 1 Hi*!Si mav be found in recent isst ? New York Tribune The g< oi ?tw-i full notice about Heai ?mirent r>ac barred him fr< *n^l-:\-\>r.L\ only through t 2i oftces of this government ha S? privilege? just now been i ^;fdTo Mr. Hear,:. \.Vor is this ai!. A mass meeting ih<n?ands o? citizens of New York w S? Carnegie Hall on November 9? under the auspices of the Ame: 2. Defence Society to protest nga.i T? wirit of disloyalty shown by ce Shi persons, especially Mr. Hear u?t*i V Beck delivered an addre ? .ii-n-r'-fo*** the mostopart with A H?r"t This portion of the address v?(-*?'-.'? ncluded in the appendix .?A.?* New York Times.' among oth S?, print. . this address almost full. "The government, therefore, had IV ?.rain**: and full knowledge, of all ? Hearts activities. Mr. Hears* ?aoers have defended our war met Sencies, have apologized for the fa ?res In the war programme, and ha ?ven denied such breakdowns as th in the aircraft programme. Hearst's Attitude Toward Russia "It is true that since we entered tl ? war Mr. Hearst has at various tim? issued editorials professing great patr otic leal, but it was at the very tin ?when in other editorials he was attacl inethe allies of America, England ar Japan in the most offensive way. and i the very time when he was upholdin the Russian Bolshevists, who had mad Russia a traitor to the free nations < the'world and a subservient ally of tl* German autocracy. Such action cann fail to give aid and comfort to Ge: many. "By turning to The New York Tril une of May 8, 1918, Postmaster Ger eral Burleson will find an ardent tril ute paid by the former German corr? spondent of the 'K?lnische Zeituni to Mr. Hearst and Mr. Hearst's editoi in-chief, Arthur Brisbane, for havin been 'auxiliaries of valued influenct to Germany, especially because of 'th editorials in the Hearst newspapers. "in 'The New York Times* of Augus 14,1917, there is a quotation by specu table, via The Hague, from the Germa 'Vossische Eeitung' which states tha the 'anti-war movement#in America i gaining in strength' and that 'wa propagandists in the New York pr?s have lately met stout resistance fror no other than Mr. Hearst and histhirt papers, by the issuance of warnings t the people about the danger of pi un g ing into European war.' and continue to speak of *the generous nature of th work he had done for Germany' am that Mr. Hearst 'preached' irf behalf o the.Ceiitral Powers. Mr. Hearst earnei the praise thus given him by the ser vantsof the Kaiser, and during the tim* ?when he was earning it the Kaiser wa saying to Ambassador Gerard, as thi latter recites in his book: 'America ha< better look out after this war. I shal stand no nonsense from America afte the war'?which the ambassador report ed to the Administration at Washing ton, without, by the way. producing an; effect upor, the Administration. Brisbane Follows Hearst's Lead "Mr. Brisbane, in 'The Washingtoi Times,'ably followed Mr. Hearst s lead On August 8, 1917, it said 'the mos powerful and effective peace worker ii this country is William Randolp] ?earst. The world wants peace. It i more important than victory.' On Jul; 16, 1917, when Russia was under i democratic government and still a fight jng ally of the United States agains Germany, Mr. Brisbane's paper, 'Thi Washington Times,' said: VAnarchy rules in Russia?some? body must do something. The nat? ural somebody is Germany, right next door to Russia . . . the civiliza? tion of Western Europe mav be very grateful to Germany if the war finds Germany with enough strength left to undertake the maintaining of or? der in Russia?developing the re? sources there and making a few bill? ions of rubles in the process.' "It seems literally incredible that ? paper making an utterance like thii could have been left unmolested by at Administration that had proceedec against poor Tom Watson?and thi; paper was published within two blocks ot the White House. , '?n August 21, 1017, this paper saie we have lent to our Allies about twe thousand millions . . . this we leni our Allies to help in the game of mur uer. "I commend these facts to Mr. Burle M ' t\n(* also to his Cabinet associate ?Mr. Daniels, in view of their recent wlegrams of congratulation to Mr Brisbane upon assuming charge of cer? tain Chicago papers, reported as bein*.* H*ar|t papers. These telegrams have oeen published in one of Mr. Hearst's i* ?rk Papers, 'The Evening -Tour* ?a*. Mr. Burleson says of Mr. Hearst's alter ego that he 'congratulates' th? people of Chicago because they are tc have the benefit of Mr. Brisbane's 'able and unselfish efforts ... I indulge the hopo that (his paper) will always a-and for justice and freedom and true democratic government.' And Mr. Dan ??la goes Mr. Burleson one better in ?pressing the belief that Mr. Brisbane will preach 'patriotism* and 'civie Righteousness.' Admits All Pro-Germans Denounce His Actions "Mr. Burleson has stated that he has *?ceived 'more complaints' about my Writings than about those of Mr ?earst. In view of Mr. Burleson's rec? ord and actions, there is small cause lor wonder in this. Every pro-German *noI anti-American, every believer in a feeble American war and a triumphant yerman peace,- every man who follows Mr. Hearst, would naturally appeal for sympathy to Mr. Burleson in de? nunciation of what I have done. ."Messrs. Hearst and Brisbane through their papers have been un? ceasing in their attacks upon England ?nd Japan. 'The New York American1 ?n December 20. 1917, said that 'the offensive and defensive alliance then negotiated betwei-n Japan and Eng? land was aimed at the United States.' This deliborate falsehood was pub? lished at the very time that England *?? defending us with her fleet and her ?rmy. There could be no meaner ex? am-pi-} of treachery to our allies and of subservience to our enemy. It was * thousand times more worth the at? tention of Mr. Burleson than anything done by the small papers against which the Postoffice Department did act. "On September 15. 1917. Mr. Hearst's ?|?a for a German peace in 'The New ork American' ran 'th? best peace ' .? '&' ' ??h J! con^**"fcl is a iVce without victory, a peace without conquest, a w1tbLfW???0?tt.inde,mnitIe8. a peace Wftnout annexations.' an 'S?w*?1*^2' A9i_ Mr- Hearst made ^bittered attack upon Japan, and on March 20 he repeated the attack. He spoke of the 'military despotism ot Japan, of the 'brutal Oriental gel ??*??8 ,n,JaPa,n's Present attitude.' and -then asked the question as to who vas pomg to drive her from Siberia, answering it: "'Not the Allies, for thev are too much occupied with their .war. Not tne TjnitPd States, because we are putting ail our eggs in the Allies' DasKet. There is one combination ??r,0J<,c.-\"h'<-h ?night drive Japan out of Siberia, and that is Russia in an active and aggressive alliance vyicn the Teutonic empire.' Would Make Russia Kaiser's Ally "These sentences amount to incite? ment to Russia to become the mili? tary ally and therefore the military vassal of Germany, and to the effort to persuade our people that the war is nor our war hut only the war of the Allies?-that it is 'their war.' "Such language as this, used less than two months before Mr. Burleson issued his challenge to me, is a thou? sand times more damaging to the United States 'han anything ever said by Tom Watson or any other of the editors of small papers. For Mr. Bur? leson to allow the paper making such an appeal to go unchallenged, and yet at the same time to permit without re buKe the New York postoffice to attack a publication like "The Metropolitan," is incompatible with the supposition that he was thinking only of the wel? fare of the country. "Mr. Hearst's paper actually states that it believes that our govern? ment made a great mistake when it did not meet both English aggressions and German aggressions . . . with armed resistance. This was announced during the war; yet at this very time Eng? land is protecting us from Germany, and without that protection we would be given ro time in which slowly to make ready to protect ourselves. Ii we had begun to prepare in August, 1914, we would have needed no protec? tion from others. But we refused tc prepare, and therefore we owe oui safety now only to the fact that oui friends are able to fight for us against our enemies while we are slowly pre? paring to fight for ourselves. And Mr Hearst under these conditions ex? presses regret that we did not go to war against the friend who fought for us! Such a proposal is a proposal in the interest of the flenemy, whe murdered our women and children. Dollar Placed Above Man "On September 22, 1917, when tlv American nation still bad no troops ii the trenches, when we had only len money to the Allies, Mr. Hearst touchei the nadir of the policy that puts th? dollar above the man, when he state? that our government has the right an? power to dictate the terms of peace and the American people expect Eng land and the other allied government to recognize that right and to accep the terms laid down; the statement be ;ng preceded by the following: 'Hav ing practically exhausted the resource of Russia, France and Italy, the Eng lish government now seeks succor i our American resources. The mone of the American people has been loane to the Allies in great sums. Sti greater sums are in readiness to len them.' Statements like this cannot bu aid Germany. "In all of Mr. Hearst's career it ma well be doubted whether he has eve proposed anything more sordid tha this suggestion to the American peopb to a free people with a glorious past a people proudly able and willing t fight for its honor. The proposal : that we should treat having lei money to the Allies as offsetting tl fact that these Allies had shed tl blood of millions of their sons'in pr tecting not only themselves but th country from the brutal dominion Germany?a dominion under which, Mr. Hearst's advice had been followe this country would now be cowering. Declares America Owes Great Debt to Allu "The debt the Allies owe to us f our money is infinitesimal compared the debt that we owe them for t" blood shed by their sons on battlefiel where this nation had as much at sta as the nations whose armies foug thereon. "On March 8 last Mr. Hearst, preac ing hatred to Japan and using langua tending to serve Germany by bringi about a break between the United Stat and Japan, and perhaps Great Brita says: 'If Great Britain cannot restra her speciul ally Japan from acts aggression inimical to our interests,' can remove our ships and troops fr< Europe and transfer them to Asia. Tl is a threat of war with Japan; a thr? that we will enter on a war of aggr? sion in Asia. There could be no pos bio result of such a threat exc? service to Germany. It was a thr? to abandon the war against Gi many, our enemy, and embark on war against Japan, our ally; and tl because Japan, in the interest of t Allies and of civilization, had conte plated action in East Siberia agaii the Bolsheviki, who have shown the selves to be the allies of Germany, 1 enemies'of civilization and the enem of the United States. Importance of War Belittled These quotations show that 1 I Hearst has steadily endeavored to I little the vital importance to our co ; try of this war, and to excite the hat j of our people against our allies v are faithfully fighting beside us; i such conduct can be of help only Germany, to the enemy we are fig ing. Just so long as Mr. Hearst's p I iicationn are permitted in the ma i Mr. Burleson is without excuse for i eluding any other publication fi I them. The Administration, by its | quiescence, permits the continuation ? Mr. Hearst's campaign, which nee j sarily tries to give aid and comfort i Germany and to impair the morale | our own people. "The quotations above given depi j Mr. Burleson and the Administr?t of which he is part of any shred justification for their action and It tion. Mr. Burleson is, of course, o secondarily responsible in the mat j Mr. Hearst's papers are so import and Mr. Hearst's position among Administration's political friends, s porters and advisers is so promin and the action in connection with instating him in his cable privile was so purely dependent upon President himself, that no subordii of the President can accept or be ci ited with the chief responsibility any action or inaction of the Adr, i8tration in relation to Mr. Hearst. Administration is responsible for toleration of Mr. Hearst's anti-/ anti-war, and, therefore, anti-Am can activities, and for the rev nevertheless given him. and the vice rendered on the other side by Hearst was service to the Adminis tion and not to the country. "I have quoted above the Unguag Colonel Calls For the End of Half Loyalty Sinn Fein and German Alli? ance Have 50-50 Allegi? ance, He Says Home Folk Must Be Thorough Americans Roosevelt Pleads Patriot? ism at College Founded by Teutons SPRINGFIELD, Ohio, May 25. -Colo? nel Roosevelt preached whole-hearted Americanism to-day at, Wittenberg College, an institution founded by Lutherans of German blood, speaking from a platform which he shared with the Lutheran president of the college and a dignitary of the Catholic Church, both of them of German origin. He linked together the German American Alliance, t'ne Sinn Fein and the Russian Bolsheviki as elements which put other sentiments before loyalty to America. The home folks must be thoroughgoing Americans, he declared, and back up their soldiers. The way to do it, he said, was to do "the thing that is next." Colonel Roosevelt's Address His address follows: "At this time no good American should sleep easily if during the day he has not done everything in hi? power to put this country back of the armed men who in France are fighting for our own national honor and inter? est, and for the future of the fre? peoples of civilized mankind. The peril is faced by and the honor if rightly due to those at the front. Bu' the rest of us, the men and women whe cannot get to the front, must at leas back up our men in every possible way; and the way to back them up ii every day, every week, every month t< do the thing that is next. "At this moment the thing that i: next is the Red Cross drive. Las month it was the Liberty Loan. An? all the time the biggest thing that i next is to back up the men who wea our uniform by insisting that we a home tolerate absolutely no' divisioi on the great question of Americanism "It is primarily on this question o Americanism that I come to speak to day. I accepted the invitation to com here from the president of Wittenber; College, who informed me he wishe me because Wittenberg College, found ed by Lutherans of German blood, wa American and nothing elfce, and that h wanted me to preach the straightef and stiffest doctrine of Americanisn exactly such doctrines as I have bee ?f____^ complimentary indorsement in which two of President Wilson's Cabinet min? isters have addressed Mr. Hearst's ed? itor, Mr. Brisbane. The President's private secretary writes Mr. Brisbane in the same vein. In 'The Chicago Herald and Examiner' of May 19 (last Sunday) appears the following letter, under the heading 'A New Subscriber': " 'The White House, " 'Washington, "'May 14, 1918. "'My Dear Mr. Brisbane: "'When you were at the White House offices to-day I forgot to ask you to send me "The Chicago Herald and Ex? aminer" regularly to my office here. I am sure you are going to make the same good Democratic fight in Chicago that you have been making in your paper in Washington, and I want to see just how you do it. " 'Sincerely yours. " M. P. TUMULTY, " 'Secretary to the President. " 'Mr. Arthur Brisbane, care "Chicago Herald and Examiner," Chicago, 111. Harvey Says Burleson Is Encouraging Enemy "George Harvey has pointed out in the 'North American Review War Weekly' that Mr. Burleson is en? couraging enemy language publications, by having a special division whose function is to assist editors of for? eign language papers 'in complying wi'th the law.' The Act of Congress provides that all foreign language pa? pers should submit to censorship or go out of business. The Postoffice Department's duty is merely to sup? press those of them which are guilty of treasonable practices. Apparently, as Mr. Harvey points out, Mr. Burle? son, instead of suppressing papers that preach sedition, establishes a division to show them how they can escape suppression. "Mr. Hearst's papers are infinitely kthe most important of those which i during the last yeat and a quarter have i tended to serve Germany an?l have | harmed the United States by attacking our allies or opposing our effective par ! ticipation in the war. There are vari ? ous other papers published in English j or German which liave been less im? portant offenders. "On April 2 Ptfofessor Guernsey Jones, of the University of Nebraska, published an article in 'The Nebraska State Journal' on 'The Enemy Press.' He quoted various articles that have appeared in Germaij-American papers I since the war, and ?some of them as ? late as January, February and March I last, championing the German-Ameri ! can Alliance, attacking England and I Japan, announcing that 'the problem of the German press is to save Deutsch ' turn in the United States,' demanding a peace which would give Germany the victory, praising Gerrhany's action tow? ard Russia, and in other ways, as Pro? fessor Jones says, showing themselves to be 'insolent organi of Prussianism.' "These papers wera being published, and Mr. Hearst was publishing his pa? pers, without interference by the Post office Department and the government, at the same time that proceedings were I being taken against *The Metropolitan i Magazine,' one of the stanchest up ? holders of the war and stanchest op ! ponente of Prussiaaism in all the i United States. i Congress Lavishly Generous i "Conereo? has with lavish generosity i granted all tho Administration has de * preaching all my life, and most of all during the past four years. "To emphasize the quality of true Americanism. President Heckert, the president, of this Lutheran college, has asked my old and deeply valued friend, Monsigneur Vattman. to come, so thnt it is a Lutheran preacher and a Cath? olic ecclesiastic who give the invoca? tion and the benediction at this meet? ing. Both alike are of German blood, and both of them are as straight and good Americans as are to be found in the whole United States, bone of our bone and fresh of our flesh, Americans in body and in spirit, standing like all other good Americans for America and the allies of America, and against the Prussianized Germany of to-day and all her allies and vassal states. "Such an invitation from such a source appealed to me peculiarly, and I was glad to accept it. No 50-50 Allegiance "The first essential here in the Uni? ted States is that we shall be one na? tion and that the American nation. We are a new nation, by blood akin to but different from every one of the nations of Europe. We have our own glorious past, we are a nation with a future such as no other nation in the world has before it, i i only we, the men and women of to-day, do our full duty and bring up our ions and daughters to do their full duty, as Americans and as nothing else. "In such a nation there can be no fifty-fifty allegiance. There is no such thing as being loyal to the United States and also ' loyal to any other power. It is just as impossible as for a man to be loyal to his wife and also equally loyal to some other woman. If any man dilutes his loyalty to America by any degree of loyalty to any other country whatsoever, he ought instantly to be sent out of this country and ?&fik t *? the country where, he belongs. And of course the case is even worse if he sacrifices his loyalty for America to his hatred for some other country. "The German-American alliance put the interests of Germany above the in? terests of the United States; it showed itself the embittered foe of America and tried to run our politics with ref? erence not, to our own honor and inter? ests, but. to the needs of the Germany of the Hohenzollerns. "The. Sinn Feiners have put. the hon? or and interest of America second to their hatred to England. The German American alliance is dissolved, but Congress ought by law to make the dissolution permanent, and to render forever impossible its revival or the creation of any similar anti-American and semi-traitorous organization. _ In just the same way every Sinn Feiner who directly or indirectly seeks to dis? credit America's allies in this war and thereby to give aid and comfort to Germany should be interned as an enemy alien or sent out of the country. "The same thing is true of the Rus? sian Bolshevists, who seek to plunge this country into the chaotic ruin into which Russia has been plunged. All these men are the allies of Germany and the enemies of the United States.1 Their most potent allies arc the native American demagogues, whether politi? cians or newspaper editors, who pander to the foreign vote that is hostile to America, and the native American paci? fists, who have been the main allies o? German militarism, and the I. W. W. people, and the Germanized societies. All these are enemies to the United States and should be treated as such. Appeal to German-Americans "This question of Americanism has two sides to it. The first side is that which T have above outlined. Apply? ing what I have said in concrete, form, it means that at this time the Ameri? can of German blood should himself take the lead in proceeding against every man in this country who directly or indirectly favors Germany or is lukewarm in'our war against Germany. In the Revolution the American ofj <4 manded to carry on the war. It has also granted the Administration ex? traordinary power, of a kind never hithertofore granted any Adminstra tion, to deal with the internal foes of the nation; and this power can be, and has been, misused, to reward the Ad? ministration's personal or political supporters and punish the Administra tion'r personal or political opponents. Congress?such bodies as the Senate ? Committee on Military Affairs- -has. ex- ! ercised its power of investigation and ' supervision to correct executive inef? ficiency, executive tlelay, and executive F.buse of power, and has done this in such fashion as to speed up and render immensely more efficient our part in the war. Congress should vigilantly exercise its right of supervision as re? gards the use of all the great powers I it has granted the Administration over I the properties and activities of the citizens of the United States. "In his last statement about me Mr. Burleson. copying the example of Mr. Wegg, at the behest of Mr. Boffin, dropped into verse. As he seems to like poetry I crmmend to him and to the Administration of which he is a part the following lines: Whoso speaks In your presence must say acceptable things: Bowing the head in worship, bending the knee In fear? Bringing the word well smoothen, such as a king .should hear. Given ?o string delusion, wholly believing: a 11?*. Ye saw the land lay fenceless, and ye let the months go by, Waiting some easy wonder; hoping soma saving sign? Idle-openly idle?in the lee of the fore-spent Line. "Very truly yours, (Signed) "THEODORE ROOSEVELT." Factory Branch for Service Remy constant service for N.ew York City and vicin? ity is obtainable only at this exclusive factory branch-for service. Fac? tory te.-.t standards and ?equipment - direct from the Remy Laboratories are here availnble for mo? tor car cwners, together with factory trained ex? pert service men and com? plete stocks of genuilie parts. United Motors Service Inc. 239-241 We?t>?6th Street English blood took the lead against the British King and his backers. "In this war it should be the Ameri? can of German blood who takes the lead against the Germany of the Ilohen zollerns, the Germany that has become a menace to liberty and to justice and to mercy and to honor throughout the world. America has special and in-, tolerable grievances of her own against Germany, for no nation is worth being called a nation if it permits such wrong as Germany did this country to go unpunished. "But in addition America is fighting the battle of all well behaved nations. It is fighting for the right of free peo? ples to exist. No nation can be of full effect in such a war as this unless it stands loyally by its,allies; and any man who now seeks to'embroil us with our allies is a traitor to the cause of America. "Nor can any nation make such a fight effectively if it is not itself united. We can permit no division here. Our ideals and our principles of national unity and honor and great? ness must be the same in whatever part of the country we dwell and from whatever stock we came. Therefore, we must have but one flag- the Ameri? can flag, and but one language the English language. In our primary schools nothing but the English lan? guage should be taught or studied, and the law should require that after a reasonable period every newspaper in this country be published in English. Warns Lutheran Church "As for our higher institutions ol learning, all foreign languages should be taught in them insofar as it is con? sidered necessary, but the language oi the high school or college itself shouk always be the English language, ane only the English language?just as i is in Wittenberg college to-day, jus as it is in Rutgerr, College, which in) own Dutch Reformed ancestors helpec to found. And what is true of thi newspaper antl the college is true o the church. Let. the Lutheran Churcl profit by what befell my own church the Dutch Reformed Church, in Nev York. That church clung to Dutch a a language and dwindled until its lead ers saw that it was doomed unless i adopted English as its tongue. "If the Lutheran Church tries to re main a German church, using the Ger man language, either it will dwindle o else it will be an alien body in th American commonwealth. We Ameri cans must speak in the school, in th j church and in the home and must read i I in oui newspapers one language, the j j language of the Declaration of Inde- j i pendencc, of Washington's farewell ? address and of Lincoln's Gettysburg j speech. "This is one side of Americanism. But there is another side just as im? portant. If a man behaves as an American it is an infamy to hold his creed or his national origin against him or to fail in any way to give him the square deal as an American. If the man is a straight American it is our business to stand by him. "I don't care a rap whether he is Catholic, Protestant or Jew I don't care a rap whether his ancestors or he j himself came from England or Ire- j land or Germany, France or Italy, the Scandinavian or the Slavonic countries, j We have a right to insist that he be ' an American" and nothing else. If he [ lives up to that requirement he has a j right to insist that we treat him ex- j actly on a level with every other American. "At this moment the great majority of the Americans who are in whole or j in part of German blood are as heartily loyal to. America and therefore as j resolutely hostile to Germany as all i other good Americans. These men are [ fit to hold every office, civil or military, j from the highest to the lowest, in this j country. The best textbooks on Ameri- i canism and on the duty of Americans j within this country and in regard to Germany that have been written by | Americans during this war have been ? written by Americans who themselves I are partly of German blood. Witness ? Owen Wister's 'Pentecost of Calamity,'! James Beck's 'Documents in the Case' ? and Gustavus Ohlinger's 'Their True I Faith and Allegiance.' "As a matter of fact, all our chil- ? ! drcn's children will jntermarry and in | ; a very few generations all our people ! ! will clerive their blood from various European nationalities. Let me give j ! you my own case. About two and a I i half centuries ago some German peas- I ants who had been driven out of the j Palatinate by the armies of Louis XIV came to America and founded Ger- ' mantown, near Philadelphia. Two of ] these were ancestors of mine. At about the same time a French Protes? tant came here because the Catholics in France persecuted the Protestants, and an Irish Catholic came here be? cause the Protestants in Ireland perse? cuted the Catholics; and some Dutch traders settled at the mouth of the I Hudson, and some Scotch farmers and some Welsh and English Quakers set? tled in Pennsylvania. No Hyphens Among Patriots "All these people lived here and their children lived here after them. They devoted themselves to this land and ceased to think of any other. Their children's children intermarried with one another?and if they had not in? termarried I would not have been here. Therefore, in my case, if you tried to express me in terms of the hyphen, you would have to use seven hyphens; and sooner or later the children of ali of you will pass through a similar ex? perience, for they are all going to in? termarry, and even before they do thus intermarry they will all be turned out in the same American type. It is the type of Washington and Lincoln and Andrew Jackson. It is also the type of M,uhlenberg and Herkimer and Custer, of Sheridan and Sullivan and Farragut, of Carroll and Schuylcr and Paul Re? vere. I have named some of the great names in our history. They were borne by men whose fathers had come from many different lands. Who cares? They were all Americans and nothing but Americans. There wasn't a hyphen in the lot. "Here where I speak in the shadow of Wittenberg College there can be no truer American ideal to uphold than that of Muhlenberg. He was the pas? tor of a Lutheran church when the Revolution opened. He got up to preach his last sermon in the uniform of th? Continental army, and told his congre? gation that now war had come it was his duty to fight as an American patriot in the ranks of American soldiers un? der Washington. His brother was the first Speaker of the National Congress. They were Americans and nothing but Americans: they knew but one flag, the American flag, and their speech wa3 the speech of their American fel? lows. Illustrates the Point "A Red Cross friend, Major Simons, of St. Louis, told me a little anecdote the other day that illustrates just what I mean. He had just come back from France, where he had been to the hos? pital to see my son Archie. In the next cot but one to Archie lay a young fellow who was a little worse hurt even than Archie was, for a bullet had gone right through the point of-his heart. Ho had to lie absolutely mo? tionless for eight days until the muscle Gmt?i mm FLOWERS ALL ?K-f summer rom "?i Commsoos planting April and rep-*"^.???^ ? day later??to ?N?eOtfoC June, ?taxi you ?"*?*" ??f* ?<?er? until 1 aw? Aut-anM} Joaiiet ?Ho? lo^Orow.'S with each outer. "HOMEWOOD?*: GLADIOLUS ? 7?Fln? ?nil?, 'lit kiB?? em_M Ire? far...... <~^? CHOICE KINDS FOH ??IB_A_j PLANT1WGS An?uta. Fin?**? wwt?.^3<M???> Mr?. F, P?md1et?m. Pink. .. **??* MJ Mr?. F. Kin?, ?5?_Ttet..* ??0 S.SO American, Fine Fink..- **~ ?>??'> STANDAR? MIXE?, F??,. M *?? RAINBOW MIXED, E?t?r?.. ?M ?JO HARDY LILIES AiriiATfJM--the ?old-banded ??!_y ?*** Japan. Each 90c. 2?Ko and 40c *? 8PECiosi;M - large bulbs . .. rsd-spot.ted ?sacb. 20c ?3c and 35c. Vaughan's Seed Store Barclay, corner Church St. knitted, and his life was saved. He had shown conspicuous gallantry and ability. My friend, the Red Cross man, got ihto conversation with him, and after taking certain messages to be delivered to his family (and to one young lady who was not of hi? family) my friend asked him what his name was. Whereupon the young officer, who was leally little more than a boy, grinned and said,'Say, now, don't faint when you hear rav name. It is Von Hol*zendorf. Wtfffmjt*t the Huns feel good if they knew they had 'got' a man with a name like that?' "The boy in the cot between my son and this young officer had an English name. But those three boys were Americans and nothing else. They were Etraight United States! Tbey had given their blood for their coun? try?for one country, for one flag; and they talked to one another in one langnage -the language of th? soldiers of Washington and of the soldiers of l Grant and Lee." ?wwmiM^h [HERE'S a lot of geography in the wear of tires. Some wear well in one region and wear out in another. Climate, peculiar roads and road conditions are the cause of it. There? fore, good service in a single region is not enough proof of tires which must undergo nation-wide use. Least of all could it measure tires up to the TESTED standard, Goodrich de? mands of tires. With a command to find out what Goodrich Tires do on the roads of every section of our country, and what the roads of every section do to Goodrich Tires, Goodrich sent its famous six Test Fleets of over forty cars, light and heavy, the length and breadth of our nation to an aggregate mileage of 1,044,686 linear miles* and 4,178,744 tire miles. No one may hear you buy But tho WOPvLD will be better off eventu? ally, by just tho number of stamps you purchase. ? For sale at every Goodrich Branch and Depot. The Pacific Fleet contributed 166,960 miles on desert paths and coast highways; the Mountain Fleet 55,796 through the Rocky Moun? tains; the Dixie Fleet 3,285,860 in the South and North Midland; the Prairie Fleet 198,744 on the Great Plains; the Lake Fleet 217,372; and the Atlantic Fleet 254,012 on a grand tour of many tours ranging from Virginia, through New England and back to the City of Goodrich, Throughout this road roughing over roads of sand and gravel, mud and rock, city pavements and coun? try paths, SILVERTOWN CORDS, and BLACK SAFETY TREADS, proved themselves the tires of dur? ability and dependability wherever you go in our broad land. Millions of miles thus confirmed Goodrich confidence in the spiral wrapped, cable-cord tire body, and the tough, black tread rubber. That 1917tire testing of 1918 tires, verified all the virtues of Goodrich Tires, and revealed many new. Get the economy, the comfort and certainty of such proven service, by demanding the tires, proved out in 4,178,744 tire miles over Ameri? can roads?"Amer^a'sTestedTires." Vm k *a ?? *.: m? ?a ? ? m J?| i mm ma pa mm 1" Im ?* mm i I ? o .?*.) ?a Ig? ?!?.'??' ?? la I a:; S i* I ".m Tt?E B. F. GOODRICH RUBBER COMPANY New York Branch: 1780 Broadway, New York, N. Y. ^^^^^W?JHE CITY OF GOODRICH > AKRON, OHIO. .