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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 31, 1918, Image 1

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Vol. LXXVIII No. 26,129
F*r*t *o Last?the Truth:
rCopyrlrht ?ft?
The Tribune Am'd]
News ? Editorials - Advertisements
??r ib tine
Cloudy to-day; to-morrow partly
cloudy and wanner; gentle to
moderate east to southeast
Frill Report on Fa?? 11
MAY 31, 1918
Ti_nr.vT?i'? Greater ?w Torlc and | THREE CENTS
TWO CE>TBj wMhta ecromutio? rli.tanre J Elsewhere
Foch's Reserves Halt Foe on Both Flanks;
Germans Striking for Marne, Gain 3 Miles
Is Bound to
Germany by
"Vice Cult"
Witness for Defence in
Maud Allan's Libel
Suit Names Other
1 Notables
47,000 Britons in
"Fear of Exposure"
Publisher Seeks to Cou?
ple Ex-Premier With
Teuton - Peace
LONDON, May 30,?Noel Pemberton
Billing, Member of Parliament for East
Hertfordshire and publisher of the
newspaper "Vigilante," opening his de?
fence in his trial in the Bow Street
Police Court to-day on the charge of
?libelling Maud Allan, dancer, and J. T.
Grein, manager of the Independent
Theatre, called Mrs. Villlers Stewart to
prove the existence of a book which
Pemberton-Billing alleged had been
prepared by German secret agents, con?
taining the names of 47,000 British per?
sons said to be addicted to vice and
h.'.?_ in bondage to Germany through
, lear of exposure.
M Mrs. Stewart, under examination by
Mr. Pemberton-Billing, said the book
which she had seen but which was not
produced, contained fVie names of ex
Premier Asquith and Mrs. Asquith,
'.Viicour.t Haldane, former Secretary for
War, and Justice Darling, who is try?
ing the case against the Member of
Prince of Wled Had Book
Another witness. Captain Harold
Spencer, said he was shown the book
by Prince William of Wied in Albania.
He said he did not remember seeing
Mr. Asquith's name ,in it, but he de?
clared the names of Mrs. Asquith and
Viscount Haldane were there.
Captain Spencer and Mrs. Stewart
both said they had been threatened, the
former after he had communicated the
fact to the authorities, and Mr. Pem?
berton-Billing asked the judge for r">
tection for himself and his witnesses.
The judge referred him to the chief
commissioner of police.
Captain Spencer, before giving the
names of Mrs. Asquith and Viscount
Haldane, said he would only give the
names of those who had been ap?
proached and had succumbed to Ger?
man temptation. He had placed the
information before the Foreign Office,
the War Office and the Admiralty.
Political Pressure Alleged
"There was great political pressure
btought to bear," said the witness,
"??nd I was told that if it were pub?
lished it would undermine the wnole
fabric of the government. I then took
it to the political machine."
Captain Spencer declared that press?
ure had been brought to bear to sup
_*ess the matter in September last,
when "a political crisis was on and
ttey were trying to bring Asquith back
to power."
Mr. Pemberton-Billing explained that
Ma object in calling evidence as to the
existence of the book of names was to
Jrove the existence of the "cult" re?
ferred to in the alleged libel and its
Political significance.
Continuing his testimony, Captain
Spencer, who was a member of the In?
ternational Gendarmerie in Albania be?
fore the war and aide-de-camp to Prince
William of Wied and is now a mem?
ber of the Royal air forces, said he
wrote Uie article which contained tho
alleged libel and which was based on
a letter from Mcrie Corelli, the novel?
Alleges Financia? Plot
Last September he had heard of a
camarilla in financial circles, whose
object was to get Asquith back in
power and make a German peace. As a
? recaution he informed American naval
eadquarters so that the plot might be
I frustrated.
! "Admiral Mayo and his secretary
came to me and got the whole state?
ment," he said.
Asked whether he knew of opera?
tions of the camarilla between England
and Germany, the witnes? replied:
"They have had messages sent between
England and Germany with this in
- "One of the principal messengers,"
?e said ho learned from persons who
had reported to the Intelligence De?
partment, "was a wol! known English
society woman, Mrs. George Keppel."
?e said he had seen Mrs. Keppel come
back from Holland.
Miss Allan, Engaged
To Dance in 'Salome/
Viciously Attacked
ftinf* **"** ??ai__.it Noel Pemberton
?Hing, member of Parliament, of libel
in? W ^Uan? *n American dancer,
?na J, T. Grein, manager of the Inda
&w*N?d oh Pago 8, Column 5
U. S. Gives Up
Hope of Peace
With Austria
Diplomats so Regard Lans?
ing's Indorsement of Czecho?
slovak Aspirations
(Special Dispatch to The Tribune)
WASHINGTON, May 30.?The Unit?
ed States government has abandoned
the idea that Austria-Hungary can be
detached from the Teutonic alliance.
Such was the interpretation placed to?
day by Allied diplomats upon Secre?
tary of State Lansing's announcement
yesterday that "the nationalistic aspi?
rations of the Czechoslovaks and
Jugo-Slavs for freedom have the ear?
nest sympathy" of this government.
It became known to-day that the
State Department had been furnished
all the correspondence between the Al?
lied powers, Siberia and leaders of the
Jtigo-Slav movement, which resulted in
the negotiation of an entente between
Italy and the Jugo-Slavs and a clear
understanding between Italy and Ser?
bia concerning the aspirations of the
Croats, Slovenes and Serbs of Austria
Hungary to unite themselves and their
lands with Serbia.
No immediate revolution is expected
in Austria-Hungary. Revolutionary
elements exist, including the will to
revolt on the part of tbe oppressed na?
tionalities, according to these diplo?
mats, but actual revolt must be fos
te_?*? d and assisted from the outside,
as the peoples themselves, under the
Vienna yoke, possess neither the means
nor the opportunity to organize a real
Explains Italy's Position
An Italian authority, commenting
upon the events which have evoked the
announcement from the State Depart?
ment, said to-day:
"So far as Italy is concerned, she has
shown once more her determination to
see established in Europe such an
order of things as will make the re?
currence of war improbable. It would
be a wrong interpretation of the Rome
agreement between Italy and the
Jugoslavs, however, to assert that it
is an acknowledgement on the part of
Italy that her claims, defined when she
entered the war, were exorbitant and
"Italy has simply recogniacd the mod?
ification of the situation which has
taken place as a result of the Russian
d?b?cle. Up to 1916 Russia was the
acknowledged leader of all the Slavic
?peoples. There is no better evidence
of the fact than the breaking out of
the European war itself. It was on
account of R-i..ih's having taken the
? art of Serbia, threatened and attacked
y t&% Teutonic powers, that the whole
of Europe went to war. Serbia her
self looke* ft? B_-__B_t as her natural
Railroad Men
Not to Strike
AH Work for U. S., He
Says, and Government
Can't Be Coerced
Justice Pledged
To All Workers
Message to Union Heads
Appeals for Patriotic Sup?
port of Nation in War
WASHINGTON, May 30?Railroad
employes were reminded by Director
General McAdoo to-night that they are
employes of the United States in time
of. war and that a strike means a blow '.
at* their own government and the ham- !
pering of transportation essential to
protect the hundreds of thousands of
American boys fighting on the battle?
fields of Europe.
In n telegram to the heads of all '
unions having shopmen among their
members Mr. McAdoo gave notice that
the government cannot be coerced or
j intimidated, and called upon raidroad
i men to remain at their duty and rely
; upon him and the new board of rail
j road wages and working conditions for
i just consideration of their claims. He
j asked the union leaders to urge upon
their men by wire the wisdom and pa?
triotism of this course.
Employes of Government
A few days ago several hundred ma?
chinists and shopmen at Alexandria,
Va., left their posts in the Southern
i Railroad shops in protest against small
I increases given them under the Di
I rector General's new scale of higher
! wages, and there have been threats of
' a general walkout of union shopmen
j next Monday, unless substantial fur?
ther pay advances are forthcoming be*,
fore that time.
"The strike of certain shopmen, ma?
chinists, etc., in the railroad shops at
Alexandria, Va., has created a very
painful impression on the public mind."
said the Director General's message.
"I cannot believe that these men knew
what they were doing. They are all
employes now of the United States gov?
ernment. They are not employes of
any railroad corporation. Therefore,
this was a strike against the govern?
ment of the United States.
"It is the first time in the history of
Continued on last page, Column 6
?-?-^-? i i ? ? ? ?. ? ? ?_i
Hearst Papers
Feed Bonfires
In Two Towns
Flushing and Poughkeepsie
Burn "Americans" and
Memorial Day was celebrated in two
towns?Flushing and Poughkeepsie?
by the burning in public and with fit?
ting ceremonies of William Randolph
Hearst's "American" and "Evening
Journal." I
.The town of Flushing began its Me- '
morial Day celebration britrht and
early with a bonfire of all "The New
York Americans" which could be
bought from newsdealers around Main
Street, Bridge Street and Murray Hill
About 200 of Mr. Hearst's morning
papers were piled in the street, in
front of Murray Hill Station, and the
little mound was surmounted by a
huge black bottle bearing the familiar
apothecary's poison label?skull and
crossbones. The skull and crossbones
and the word "poison" underneath
were in fiery red, but the sinister
aspect of the label was slightly re
lieved by a black slouch hat set at
a saucy angle on the grinning skull.
The bonfire proved to be the funeral
pyre of Hearst papers at Murray Hill,
for following the brief ceremony the
two newsdealers of the village, I.
Rosenblum and Goodman & Dalsky,
announced that after to-morrow they
I would sell neither "The New York
American" nor "The New York
"Camouflage" Burned
The bonfire celebration started at
7:45 o'clock, and most of those who
participated came, without breakfast,
but hunger did not interfere with the
good humor and orderliness of the
morning programme. Just before
Morris L. Beard, advertising manager
for Colgate & Co., touched a match to
the pile, somebody in the .rowc. gave
a mock cry of alarm.
"Look out, Morris!" he shouted,
"The American flag is smeared all
over the front page of Hearst's sheet
this morning. "?ou'U be desecrating
the flag."
"That's Hearst's favorite camou?
flage," replied Mr. Beard, lighting the
pile, "The thing is coiled in the flag
and we've got to burn it, flag and all.
What would you do with a German spy
in American army uniform?"
"Shoot him!" yelled one of the bon?
fire enthusiasts.
Stuck up around the bonfire were
. ??" -' - ? . "- ? -
Continued on last past, Column 2
Teuton Waves
Beaten Back
By Americans
Repeated Counter Attacks
Fail to Shake Grip
on Cantigny
Heavy Air Fighting
Opens on Toul Front
Pershing's Men Shatter a
Raiding Patrol East
of Luneville
(By The Associated Press)
FRANCE, May 30.?Another strong
enemy counter attack against the
American troops in the Cantigny
sector, west of Montdidier, has met
with a complete repulse.
The Americans have been sub?
jected to almost continuous attacks
since they stormed their way into
Cantigny. In every case the en?
emy's waves have been broken
aganst the stone wall resistance of
the Americans.
This latest German assault ap?
pears to have been the heaviest the
Teutons have yet essayed in their
attempt to evict the overseas men
from the village of Cantigny.
Americans Likely
To Have a Part in
, Great Aisne Battle
(By The Associated Press)
FRANCE, May 33.?The American sol?
diers are considering the part they may
probably play in the battle that is rag?
ing to the northwest of their positions.
There is no doubt that every available
man in France will be thrown into the
combat wherever the French High
Command deems necessary. Whatever
is to be done will not be known, how?
ever, until the Americans are actually
engaged, for it would be inadvisable
to discuss troop movements of any
The battle between" Soissons and
Rheims has drained all activity from
the zone in which the main body of the
American expeditionary forces hold
positions. Except for aerial fighting,
quiet is reported from all the fronts.
Enemy Opens With
Big Guns at Toul;
Americans Reply
(By The Associated Press)
FRANCE, May 29.?After a period of
almost unprecedented quiet, the Amer?
ican sector northwest of Toul suddenly
has become very active.
Last night and to-day the Germans
threw over hundreds of shells of all
sizes and kept up a destructive and
harassing fire. The American guns
have been just as busy and are giving
the enemy more than he sends. The
artillery duel continues strong to?
It is not improbable that the Ger?
mans have some plans in which they
May employ their infantry.
Counter Blow Repulsed
The first German counter attack
against Cantigny took place at 5:10
o'clock Monday afternoon. It was pre?
ceded by a barrage. The second coun?
ter attack was launched at 6:14 p. m.
One enemy wave passed beyond the
American barrage, but our infantry?
men drove off the Germans in No
Man's Lond.
The third counter attack was made
at 5 o'clock this morning, when two
German raids were repulsed with
heavy losses. The number of German
prisoners had been increased this
afternoon to 242.
A score were captured this morning.
They had hidden in deep caves yes?
terday and last night.
The American field hospitals won
the admiration of all vesterday. On
one occasion officer., abandoned their
mess room to nurses who were mak?
ing bandages and ate in the yard in
front of the building.
A pathetic aftermath of yesterday's
advance into Cantigny was the fune?
ral service for several of the Ameri- i
cans this afternoon. It took place in !
a picturesque little cemetery near the
front, which has been recently shelled
the same as the American hospitals.
Aged French women an>_ little chil?
dren s'tripped their garde:.s of flowers
to cover the graves of the American
The purpose of the German attack
to-day against the American positions
near Bremenil, east of Luneville, was
to capture Americans, The determined !
American resistance, however, re- j
pulsed the enemy with heavy losses
and no Americans were taken prisoner.
The Germans attacked at three
Continued on Page 3, Column 2
- - ? . ",l . ' "'? ??- ' ? .i....
35,000 Prisoners, Immense
Booty, Claimed by Berlin
Germans Warned Victory Is Far Off
ZURICH, May 30.?Newspapers in southern Germany publish
the following note from the German Headquarters:
"The population should not expect our advance to continue at
the same rate as on the first day. The resistance of the enemy
is becoming desperate and violent counter-attacks are to be ex?
pected . The transport of artillery and munitions also is meeting
with some difficulty."
Speaking of losses, the note adds that to estimate them cor?
rectly the people should not forget the gravity or importance of
the struggle.
The Official Statements
PARIS, May 30.?The statements given out to-day by the French War
Office follow:
NIGHT.?We have prevented enemy progress in the western outskirts
of Soissons. To the south we solidly hold the left bank of the Crise River.
The Germans are multiplying their efforts in the direction of Ville-en
In the centre the fighting has not diminished in intensity. The Ger?
mans have occupied Fere-en-Tardenois and Vezilly.
The battle continued to-day with undiminished violence along the whole
extent of the front.
On our right and to the northwest of Rheims we are holding our
The enemy air forces, which have been very aggressive and numerous
during the battle, have been attacked with the greatest daring by French
airmen, who destroyed nineteen German machines, brought down two bal?
loons, and compelled twenty-three enemy airplanes to land in a damaged
On the night of May 27-2S French aviators dropped twenty-three tons
i of explosives on bridges and" crossings on the Ailette and Aisne, and on
V" variou? cafltonrfiehts. "*l%e nexl-night and day thirty-seven t?n3 of bombs
were dropped on convoys, troops and railway stations.
DAY.?The battle continued with undiminished violence during the
night. French troops energetically maintained the western outlets of
Soissons, and the enemy, notwithstanding repeated efforts, was not able to
debouch from the town.
Further south engagements of extreme violence developed in the
region of the road between Soissons and Hartennes and on the front be?
tween "Fere-en-Tardenois and Vevilly, where French troops, supported by
reserve?, are opposing the German advance with indomitable tenacity.
On the right Franco-British troops along the front between Brouillet
and Thillois, and also northwest of Rheims, broke all assaults and main?
tained their positions.
Berlin Claims 35,000 Prisoners and Vast Booty
BERLIN (via London), May SO.?The War Office to-day issued the
following :
NIGHT.?To the south of Fere-en-Tardenois we are fighting our way
toward the Marne.
DAY.?On the battlefront between the Yser and the Oise fighting ac?
tivity has increased frequently. There were some local infantry engage?
The armies of the German Crown Prince are progressing victoriously.
North of the Aisne ground has been gained after hard fighting. Crecy-au
Mont, Juvigny and Cuffies have been occupied.
Soissons has been taken by Brandenburg troops.
The number of prisoners has increased to more than 35,000, and the
booty in artillery and war material is tremendous.
?South of the Vesle the French front, which was in course of formation,
broke down under uninterrupted attacks by our divisions. We threw the
enemy back after stubborn resistance as far as and across the line of
Villemontoire, Fere-en-Tardenois, Coulonges, Brouillet and Branscourt.
The forts on the northwestern front of Rheims have fallen. The north?
ern parts of La Nouvillette and Betheny were captured. Guns of every de?
scription, up to railway guns of the heaviest calibre, were taken.
The impetuous advance of our attacking forces prevented the enemy
from carrying back rich war provisions heaped up in the captured terri?
tories. Large depots fell into our hands at Soissons, Braisne and Fismes.
Extensive munition depots, railway trains and hospital establishments, with
a large quantity of medical equipment, fell into our possession. An air?
drome, with machines ready to start and airplane materials, also was
With the army groups of General von Gallwitz and Duke Albrecht the
fighting activity revived temporarily.
During the last three days our aviators have brought down thirty-eight
enemy airplanes south of Ypre_. Five enemy captive balloons were brought
down in flam?.
British Repulse Heavy Local Attacks 7
LONDON, May 30'.?The statements issued by the War Office to-day
are as follows:
NIGHT. -A successful local operation was carried out by French troops
east of Dickebusch Lake last night, resulting in an improvement of our
position in that sector.
Beyond artillery activity on both sides there is nothing to report from
the remainder of the British front.
DAY.?During the night the enemy attacked the strong point known
as "Route-a-Keep," northwest of Festubc-rt, and was completely repulsed.
We carried out a successful minor operation in the neighborhood of Merris
and improved our line slightly. We captured a few prisoners and a ma?
chine gun in these encounters.
A party of our troops raided the enemy's trenches last night near
Locon and brought back a few prisoners.
The hostile artillery has-been active east of Villers-Bretonneux and
in the Hinges and Robecq sectors.
Dutch Liner Forced
To Bar Americans
AMSTERDAM, May 30.?The Hol?
land-America Line steamer Nieuw Am?
sterdam has sailed for an American
port without American pasengers, as
the German government made the
safety of the vessel dependent on this.
There is an American citizen aboard
the steamer, but he is a naturalized
Hollander more than seventy years of
Amiens Is Heavily
Shelled by Germans
LONDON, May < 31.??The Daily
Mail" correspondent at British Head?
quarters in France says that the shell?
ing of towns behind the lines?some of
them very far behind -is becoming
more intense.
Amiens, adds the correspondent, has
been bombarded vigorously in the pist
twenty-four hours, coinciding with the
increased activity of German air
Big Guns, Munitions,
Aeroplanes and Hos?
pital Supplies Seized,
Teutons Report
Battle Is Unabated
Along 35-Mile Line
Allies Cling to Out?
skirts of Soissons; Hold
Rheims; Give Ground
in Centre
Ludendorff's armies were checked
yesterday, the fourth day of their
offensive in the Champagne.
Paris officially announced last night
that the enemy was being strongly
held on both flanks, while in the
centre his progress southward in
the twenty-four hours had been
only about three miles, the least
of any day so far.
A desperate conflict i.ontinues along
the whole thirty-five miles of iiie
new front.
The turn in the tide was due to the
swift arrival of Foch's reserves,
which began to take part in force
on Wednesday. As soon as the
commander in chief was sure the
foe was committed definitely to
this great operation he drew upon
the enormous masses he had been
holding for the counter blow.
The effect is clearly seen. On the
west the Germans have not been
able to progress beyond the out?
skirts of Soissons. Just below
Soissons they are held up on the
little Crise River. Their south?
ward march toward the Marne has
been slowed up, although here
they made their largest gains, and
approached Ville-en-Tardenois, 12
miles west-southwest of Rheims.
The ruined city of Rheims, the fall
of which was to be expected, is
still in Allied hands.
The check of the Germans we3t of
Soissons seems most important, as
the German plan is thought to be
to make their front secure on the
south and then throw their prin?
cipal forces westward in order to
flank 'the Allied positions on the
The enemy's opening success, de?
tailed accounts now show, was
largely due to an extemive use of
gas shells and tanks. The advance
has been so rapid, however, that
the foe has not been able to get
much of his artillery up to the
Berlin officially stated yesterday that
prisoners on Wednesday night
numbered 35,000. Great Amounts
of booty of all sorts war* de?
scribed in the communiqu?.
Guns of all sizes, including some of
the heaviest calibre mounted on
railroad cars, munition depots,
rolling stock, hospital establish?
ments, medical supplies and an
airdrome with machines on the
ground ready to start, have been
taken, the Germans claim.
New German attempts to retake
Cantigny from the American
troops have been repulsed with
severe loss to the enemy, who
seems to be concentrating for a
still greater counter attacks. There
are signs the foe means to attack
Pershing's men in the Toul sector
Germans Striking
For Railroad Lines
Leading to Paris
LONDON, May 30.?To-night's
news from the battlefield of the
Aisne is more favorable, inasmuch
as the Allies are holding the enemy
on the two flanks at S- issons and
Rheims and the Germans' rate of
progress has been slowed down. The
danger is by no means past, how?
ever, ?nd hot i fighting continues \
along the whole front, especially to
the southward, the German official
statement claiming that they are
fighting their way toward the Marne
from F?re-en-Tardenois.
| According to the statement tht

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