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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 31, 1918, Image 4

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Labor Mission
Found Allies
Solid for War
Returns From European
Trip; Chairman Wilson
Praises French and
British Spirit .
Says Conscription
Will Win in Ireland
Next Trade Union Congress
Expected to Oppose Con?
ference With Enemy
The American Labor Mission, select?
ed two months ago by Samuel Gompers
to go to England and France and there
present to members of labor unions
the attitude of their brethren in Amer?
ica in regard to the war, returned yes?
terday. Their vessel reached port last
evening, and most of the members
were brought to New York by revenue
cutter.
At the Hotel Continental last night
James A. Wilson, of Cincinnati, prcsi
dent of the. Tattern Makers' Union and
chairman of the mission, said the re- !
suits of the body's work abroad had '
been most satisfactory. British and j
French labor organizations, he said, '?
were at one accord with American j
unions in the determination to refuse
to confer with enemy labor representa- I
tives until the war had been brought ]
to a successful conclusion.
Labor Out to Win War
The miision visited all of the Brit- !
i?h Isles and France, holding four
meetings in Britain and three in our
sister republic. All of these showed,
members said last night, the almost
unanimous intention of labor to do its
part in the war and to keep its hands
off spheres of activity belonging by
rights to the heads of the government.
"British labor is working for just
one thing," said Mr. Wilson, "and that
is to brine the war to a successful con?
clusion as soon as possible. When I
speak of labor I mean the actual work- ;
ers of Britain. There is, o? course, a I
Labor party, which is a purely politi?
cal organization, headed by Ramsey
MacDonald. Arthur Henderson and
Philip Snowden.
"These men and their followers ad-:
vocate conferences with German work
era, hut I henrd no such opinion j
voiced by any jf -he thousands of:
werkers in shipbuilding, munition andf
other plants with whom we talked. All ?
of these approved the policy advanced
by the American Federation of Labor?j
to have no dealings whatever with en- j
cmy workers until the end of the war
?and cheered loudly when we referred
to it.
British Labor Undaunted
Mr. Wilson said the spirit of the
British was magnificent and that they
.were undaunted by the years of horror
war with Germany has meant. He and
other members of the mission visited
Whitechapel, the slum district of Lon?
don, shortly after the last air raid, in
which many were killed and wounded.
"No one was down-hearted," he re- i
iated. "All seemed to feel that if
their sons had to bear this sort of,
thing constantly at the front, there
wa . no cause for them to protest be?
cause it was visited upon them occa?
sionally at home."
The British workers, members of the
mission, said, are intending to form an
actual labor party of their own, and j
will hold a convention for this purpose i
next month, at which no delegate will :
be seated unless he is an actual
worker.
"We also expect," said Mr. Wilson,
"that when the British Trade Union
Congress convenes in September, it
will resolve to strike out. the resolution
adopted in 1917 whereby it was urged
that conferences be held with repre
_ sentatives from enemy countries."
Talked With Plunkett
A sub-committee of the mission vis?
ited Ireland shortly after the arrest of
the leaders in the latest Sinn Fein plot.
These were disinclined to say much
concerning their findings there, but
contented themselves with sayir.g they
had talked with Sir Horace Plunkett,
and that they believed -"inscription
could eventually be put inte effect with?
out any trouble.
"The majority of French Socialists,"
Mr. Wilson said, "we found to be In
perfect accord with our views con?
cerning conferences with the enemy.
Of course there is a small party which
advocates these conferences, but we
believe that, whether consciously or
not, they are under the influence of
German agents. In general the work?
ers of France are for the war to a
victorious end, however far off that
may be."
The mission visited Admiral Sims
and also were received aboard an
. American dreadnought now attached
1 .o the British Grand Fleet. They like
f wise interviewed our men in France
ana said last night that they were
more than satisfied with what they had
seen.
To Make Lengthy Report
A lengthy report has been prepared
which, Mr. Wilson said last night, will
be submitted to Mr. Gompers at once.
The members of the mission are, be?
sides Mr. Wilson, E. O. McCormick, vice
president of the Southern Pacific Rail- j
way, San Francisco; George L. Berry,'
of Tennessee; William H. Johnston, of'
Washington, I). C; Miss Agnes Nestor,!
of Chicago; Professor A. O. Lovcjoy, ?
of Johns Hopkins University; Martin ?
F. Ryan, of Kansas City. Mo.; L. T !
*?*Z> *? SanFrmnciseo; William Short/
of Seattle, Wash.; Chester M. Wright
Miss Melinda Scott and Charles Bel
mont Davis, of New York; Leroy C.
Dann, of Des Moines. Iowa; Alson C
Secor, ?editor of "The Successful
Farmer, Des Moines, Iowa, and Mrs
H. N. Grenfell, of Denver.
National War Labor Board
To Meet Here To-morrow
(Special Dispatch to The Tribune)
WASHINGTON, May 30.-The full
membership of the National War
Labor Board will meet ?n the Hotel
Belmont, New York City, Saturday to
consider several important labor ques?
tions affecting, the port of New York.
The board will be in session from
Boon until late in the evening, when
Chairmen Taft and Walsh aro sched?
uled to leave for Scranton, Pa., to con
duet a hearing- Sunday in the strike of
800 employes of the Scranton Street
Railway Company.
- . ? ? ?.? ...,.
Jersey City Man Killed in War
OTTAWA, May 30.?S, Willis, of 215 !
Ninth Street, Jersey City, N. J., is
listed as dead in to-day's announcement j
Of Canadian overseas casualties. |
1,000 Gas Engine Men
Needed by the Navy
The Naval Reserve force must en?
roll at once 1,000 men experienced
in the operation and maintenance
of gasolene engines
This is an urgent call. The men
are required for immediate duty.
Thry will be rated as machinist's
mates.
Age limits are eighteen to thirty
fivc inclusive. Applicants must be
American citizens. Draft regis?
trants with letters from their local
board will be accepted.
Apply at Naval Re'scrve Enrolling
Office, 51 Chambers Street, New
York, or any Navy Recruiting Sta?
tion.
Bread Crumbs Sent
Starving Croatians
Austrian Children Collect 48
Boxes Full?Little Food
in Herzegovina
(Correspondence o/ The Associated Press)
LONDON, May 19. ?Bread crumbs
are being collected by school childrei.
in certain parts of Austria to be sent
to starving children in Croatia. A
i newspaper in Sarajevo reports that
| forty-eight boxes of bread crumbs were
: dispatched recently from that town.
The population of Herzegovina,
1 mostly Slav, is said to be starving as
i a result of the food shortage. Farmers
! in that region have received only four
pounds of flour since Christmas.
Sweden Pleased by
Pact With Allies
Americans Won Over Ger?
mans in Putting Through
Negotiations
STOCKHOLM, May 30.--The agree?
ment between Sweden and the Allies
for a supply of foodstuffs and other
vital necessities in return for Swedish
tonnage is completely acceptable to all
shades of opinion. Germany did her
utmost to delay negotiations, but Swe?
den succeeded in carrying her point,
owing to Germany's pressing need of
wood pulp and iron ore.
The negotiations finally took the
shape of a contest betwen the Ameri?
cans and Germany, as it is learned that
they were carried out under the leader?
ship of America and through the
American legation here.
Six German 'Planes
Downed by British
LONDON, May 30.?Five German air?
planes were brought down in the air j
fighting on Wednesday and one was ?
driven to earth out of control, accord?
ing to the official statement on aerial
operations issued by the War Office to?
night. The text of the statement
reads:
"Low clouds and poor visibility pre?
vented much work by our airplanes on j
Wednesday until late in the afternoon,
when the weather cleared. Five Ger
man machines were brought down in!
air fighting and one was driven down
out of control. We lost none.
"Five tons of bombs were dropped by
our machines during the day on am?
munition dumps and billets in the
neighborhood of Armentieres and Ba
aaume.
"The bombinb operations continued
during Wednesday night, and sixteen
tons of bombs were dropped on railway
stations, including those at Valencien?
nes and Busigny, and on towns and
roads behind the enemy's lines. Pro?
jectiles were also dropped on the docks
at Bruges. All our machines returned.
"In addition to the raids reported on
Wednesday, our machines heavily
bombed the railway triangle at Metz
Sablons on Wednesday night. All our.
machines except one returned." ?
18 Killed in Mannheim
In Air Alarm Panic
GENEVA, May 30. -Eighteen women
and children were trampled to death
and a number of persons were Injured
in a panic which followed an aerial
raid alarm, sounded at midnight in j
Mannheim yesterday, according to n:
dispatch received here. j
The streets were crowded when the
alarm was given and a wild rush forl
shelter ensued. It developed later that
the warning signals were caused by the
sighting of a squadron of German
aviators returning to their base nearl
Mannheim. I
Clemenceau Nearly
Captured by Germans
PARIS, May 30.?Premier Clemenceau I
had the narrowest possible escape
from falling into German hands yes?
terday, according to the "Petit Jour-1
nal." He left a certain point on the
front only a few minutes before the
arrival of a patrol of forty Uhlans.
When the Germans entered the little
town the Premier had just quit- They
cornered a few of the French who had
remained, including a General, who was
examining positions with a field glass,
the newspaper adds. The General was
killed in the encounter.
The Premier again left this morning
for the front.
According to the Havas correspond?
ent at the front, the French general
killed was General Pierre De Vallieres
He was struck by a shell fragment.
General De Vallieres was forty-nine
years old.
25 Lost on Freighter
U-Boat Believed to Have Run
Down Survivors' Boat
BOSTON, May 30.?News of the
sinking of tha Furness line steamship
Cheviot Range and the loss of twenty
five of her crew was received her to?
day. The vessel was bound from a
port in the Mediterranean to England
when she was attacked by a submarine
off Fastnet and went down in a few
minutes.
The entire crew took the boats, but
only ten men were saved. One of the
boats disappeared suddenly and the
survivors believe that she was delib?
erately run down by the submarine and
all hands left to drown.
Captain J. W. Manning, commander
of the freighter, was lost and most of
the other officers were among the vic?
tims.
?
Germans Worried by
Transports' Immunity
GENEVA, May 30?The German So?
cialists have given notice that they in?
tend to interpellate the Reichstag
Naval Co'mmittce on why during last ,
month 400,000 enemy troops embarked
for France without the slightest ap- j
parent attention from submarines, ac?
cording to & MuaUb. di&Datoh, '
- .fe
BROADWAY AND FIFTH AVENUE AT
THE FRONT
Copyright, ?'mlonvoocl & l .?uen-O-d.
Germans Spared
At Plea of Pope;
They Shell Paris
Big Gun Active, Though
British Keep Pledge to
Respect Feast Day
PARIS, May 30.?Although the Brit?
ish government has promised not to
carry out air raids to-day-?the feast
of Corpus Christi -on German cities
which are not in the vicinity of the
front, the German long range gun re?
sumed the bombardment of Paris this
morning. The firing began at an ear?
lier hour than is usual, but was brief,
and the long range gun was not heard
after the early hours until the bom?
bardment started a second time at
sunset.
The British promise was made upon
the receipt through the Vatican of a
request recently made by Cardinal von
Hartmann, the Archbishop of Cologne,
that there should be no bombing in
Cologne during the time of the Corpus
Christi procession in that city, which
recently: had been damaged seriously
by British air raids.
The removal of children from Paria
was begun this morning, when l,00o
children from the Montmartre district
of the city were placed on board a
special train bound for a vacation
colony in the Department, of Allier, in
Central France.
This is the first action taken under
a plan for removing Paris children from
the possibility of harm from a long
range gun shell strikt*"; a school filled
with pupils, as a chur where worship
was in progress was struck on Good
Friday last.
Some airplanes crossed the line in
the direction of Paris to-night. The
alarm was sounded at _ I o'clock and
the "all clear" signal was given at
midnight. The enemy machines were
under a heavy fire from the defences
of Paris, and some bombs were dropped
on the region about the city. There
were no casualties.
German airplanes were not able tu
penetrate the French defence in an at?
tempt to raid Paris last night. Several
points behind the battle line, however,
were bombed by the enemy.
An enemy airplane was brought down
by French _niti-aircr?ift guns.
The following official statement waa
; issued early to-day:
"Enemy airplanes were most active
last night and bombed various localities
behind the front. Several were ob
| served making toward Paris and an
alarm was given at 11:24 o'clock. The
; air defence organization got to work
and no enemy machine got past our
curtain of fire and none flew over Paris.
A few bombs were dropped in the
suburbs.
"An enemy airplane was struck by a
shell from an anti-aircraft, battery and
fell in flames. "All clear' was sounded
at 12:34 a. m."
Convalescent Soldiers to
Learn Scientific Farming
TRENTON, N. J., May 30. -A United
States convalescent hospital is to be
erected at Lawrencev?h?, between here
and Princeton, on a farm which has
been donated by Dunlevey Milbank, It
is planned to take care of 150 soldiers
at this time, who as fast as 'they re?
cover will be scientifically taught agri?
cultural pursuits.
The farm contains 500 acres and is
at present in charge of Dr. J. E. Rus?
sell, dean of the Teachers College, Co?
lumbia University.
Miss Stinson's 'Plane
Smashed a Third Time
Turns Turtle in Same Manner
as on Previous Occasions;
She Escapes Injury
BINGHAMTON, N. Y., May 30 ?
Katherine Stinson's Curtiss 'plane
turned turtle for the third time within
a week this afternoon when she at?
tempted to make a start for Sheeps
hcad Bay, where she had a contract
for a Memorial Day exhibition. The
machine was damaged in exactly the
same manner as on the other two oc?
casions, and she escaped without in?
jury. When rescuers reached her she
was sitting strapped to her seat, with
her head a few inches from the ground.
Miss Stinson's trouble has been in
getting in the air with enough gaso
j lene to carry her to New York. The
I only field available is not long enough
! for this purpose. Her own mechani
' cian, G us Thiele, arrived to-day from
1 Chicago in time to witness her third
! smash-up. He will assist her in get
! ting started again to-morrow. Only
; the propeller und tail of the machine
were damaged.
-?
Odeil Cuts ice Price
To Cellar Dealers
] He Makes Announcement Fol
j lowing Day's Statement He
Would Abandon City
Sales Plan
i
Immediately following Market Com
! missioner Day's announcement yester?
day that he accepted the Corporation
Counsel's ruling that he must not buy
and sell ice in New York City, Ice
Administrator Odell declared he, too,
had modified his stand and would re?
duce the fixed prices that the small
cellar dealers must pay.
The reduction is 2\k cents a hun?
dredweight, the new price being 27?6
cents a hundredweight, delivered to
the cellars. The price to the con?
sumer, 50 cents a hundredweight, is
unchanged.
Under the new scale charitable in?
stitutions may obtain ice at 25 cents
I a hundredweight, delivered, and con
I sumers may buy it at $6.50 a ton and
! do their own delivering. The new
price to pediera, undelivered, is 25
cents a hundredweight.
The reduction is not so great as Dr.
Day declared should be made. Dr.
Day's principal contention was on be?
half of the pedlers and cellar men,
who, he said, were made to pay bo
high a price that they were in danger
of being put out of business.
The reduction, according to Admin?
istrator Odell, is "owing to the short?
age of labor, difficulty m delivering
ice and to encourage going to the plat?
form for ice."
Grip Sweeps Over Spain;
150,000 Cases in Madrid
MADRID, May 30.? The epidemic
which is sweeping over Spain, a dis?
ease which somewhat resembles grip,
is increasing in severity. There are'1
more than 150,000 cases in Madrid. '
The mortality, however, continues to
be low.
The King arose from a sickbed to?
day, but is still unable to attend to
matters of state. The fact that more
than six hundred doctors are suffering
from the effects of the disease hampers
an efficacious fight against the epidemic
Italy Names Commissioner
Of Aeronautics in America
ROME, May 30.?Giuseppe Bevione, !
member of the Chamber of Deputies, ;
has been appointed Italian Commis- :
sioner for Aeronautics in America.
Signor Bevione is editor of the Turin
"Stampa."
-? . -ftafeg s g g S
DARTWOOD
TYou will probably want to
put on a Thintex collar for the
same reason that you put on a
straw hat. For the very light?
ness of it. 20 cents each.
COLLAR EARL ft WILSON
?111! BBBEBEgBEgggg ? m -?-?
U-BoatsNeaif
Mexican Gulf,
Ships Warned
Passengers Arriving at At?
lantic Port Tell of
Precautions
Caxias Turned Back
And Route Changed
Enemy Submarines Trying
to Reach Vera Cruz.
Is Report
The presence in the Western Atlan?
tic of two German submarines seeking
to get into Vera Crux or to destroy
Allied commerce was reported yester?
day by passengers who arrived at an
Atlantic port from Caracas on the Red
"D" liner Philadelphia and'from Rio d?
Janeiro on the Caxias of the Brazilian
line.
Travelers on the Caxias told of un?
usual activity on the entire trip north
from Barbadoes, which is about 1,800
miles south of New York, and added
that they were forced by wireless mes?
sages to put back to Barbadoes when
some ten hours out of port and in?
structed to follow a new course north?
ward.
Officers of the Philadelphia, which
is in the service between Caracas, Ven?
ezuela, Cura?ao, Porto Rico and New
York, declared that they had not been
warned of the presence of submarines
on their routes.
Vessels Warned by Wireless
Passengers on the vessel said, how?
ever, that it was generally reported in
San Juan that two or more hostile
submarines were cruising between Key
West and Barbadoes and that several
vessels had been warned by wireless to
keep within the Gulf of Mexico from
two to four days until ordered to pro?
ceed north.
Sir Leslie Probyn, the newly ap?
pointed Governor General of Jamaica,
on his way from Barbadoes to his new
post via New York, who was a passen?
ger on the Caxias, confirmed the re?
port and amplified it with dates at
which warnings were sent out.
The Caxias was informed on May It!
by British and American scouts and
cruisers that two hostile submarines I
were lying in the north and south- j
bound tracks of merchantmen between j
North American, South American and
West Indian ports. The information
from the. war ves. els was that U-boats
wer" lust reported to the southeast
and northeast of Bermuda along the
north and southbound lanes.
It was generally understood that the
U-boats had been pur. tied on several
??ccasiohs and that they had not at
.i?'kcd nny merchant or war vessel.
This gav rise to the belief at Bnr
l-.ndos and Porto Rico that the sub?
marines were seeking to break through
a tight line of patrol guarding the
Gulf of Mexico, in an effort to get
mossnge-i through to Vera Cruz.
The Cnxins Recalled
According to the passengers the
' Caxias had left Barbadoes and was ten
li'n:^ on her way northward when she
? was called back by wireless nnd waited
i there o day pending instructions from
1 British and American patrols. She
?was finally instructed to proceed over!
a course that brought her to her des- |
tinntion yesterday three days late.
From the time the Caxias left Bar?
badoes Captain Manuel Pasecho de
i Carvnlla v.ever left the bridge. The
| watch was doubled until port was
| reached.
On Saturday night the passengers
on deck were startled by the glare of a
, searchlight that swept the Caxias from
i stem to stern. They said it was too
high to come from a submarine. The
I light disappeared as suddenly as it
! came, and it. is believed that a wire
I less message followed the flash. In
: stantly the Caxias put about and trav
i oiled to the southeast for twelve hours;
then she steamed to the northeast.
According to Mrs. James Phillips, of
4.11, West Forty-fifth Street, New York
City, the Caxins left Barbadoes at 9:30
p. m. on Wednesday. She said she
was informed by the officers soon after
departure that U-boats were supposed
to be in the Gulf Stream, and the
news spreading about the vessel caused
some alarm. "On Sunday night, when
we were well to the eastward of the
warm waters of the Gulf Stream," she
said, "we were ordered below, and the
vessel took a zigzag course, which it
followed until daylight."
When the . earchlifrht swept over the
? vessel on fjjiturday night all deck lights
were extinguished, and stewards and
; sailors were sent about the ship closing
| portholes.
Sir Leslie Probyn said yesterday:
j "There is not the slightest doubt but
there are U-boats in these waters. I
cannot say anything about whether
they were sighted on the journey
I northward. I am on a diplomatic mis
| sion, and therefore am not permitted
? to speak of the communications I re
j ceived."
! Revolt of Turkish
Troops Is Spreading
Essad Pacha Sent to Asia Minor
District to Suppress
Movement
WASHINGTON, May 30.?-A cable
j from Athens received by the Greek
j Legation to-day says:
"The revolutionary movement at
Aidin, Asia Minor, is extending to the
district of Magn?sie. Two thousand
Turkish troops sent there have de?
serted. Numerous desertions have
taken place in the garrisons near the
coast. The repression of the move?
ment has been intrusted to Essad
Pacha, of Janina."
Balkan Offensive
Unlikely This Year,
Diplomat Says
Central Powers Have Only
500,000 Men There, 300,000
Fewer Than Needed
Allies Have 700,000
Move on Vienna Through Italy
and From Sal?nica Urged
to End the War
WASHINGTON, May 30. -A Balkan
diplomat expressed the belief to-day
; that there would be no decision on the
i Macedonian front this year. Advices
[ from Sal?nica state that combined Bul
I garian, Turkish, Austro-Hungarian and
German troops in the Balkans number
! only 500,000, and that in order to un
I dertake an offensive intended to be de
| cisive the enemy must have at least
800,000 men.
The Germans have only four divi?
sions on the Macedonian front and can?
not spare another division from the
West, it was declared. Austria-Hungary
might spare more soldiers, but to do so
this year would be impracticable, owing
both to the expected offensive against
Italy and also to the possibility that
Austro-Hungarian reinforcements may
be required by Germany in France and
Flanders. In addition, large bodies of
soldiers are needed for garrison duty
in Austria because of the internal
troubles.
Balkan authorities are not looking
for any decisive action by the inter?
national army in that theatre before
next year. At the present time, there
are 700,000 Allied troops on the Mace?
donian front, composed of troops from
Serbia, Greece, Italy, France and Eng?
land, together with some Jugo Slavs,
who have renounced their allegiance to
Austria-Hungary.
Although the international army pos?
sesses a preponderance of men, it was
pointed out that on the Macedonian
front, as on all others in Europe, the
enemy is operating upon interior lines.
The terrain in the Balkans is moun?
tainous, increasing the difficulties of
transportation and supply, which al?
ready are most serious.
it is the opinion of Balkan author.
j ties, diplomatic as well as military,
that eventually the war will be won by
j the Allies by adopting the Napoleonic
idea, with one difference, which would
be*to move upon Vienna through Italy
and from Sal?nica at the same time.
Vienna, these experts assert, is the
weakest link; in the Central Empires'
system and Germany's most vulnerable
"?MHk
-? -**M ?
?orth Sea to Switzerland, was Hkenftl
to an almost impregnable fortress, of?
fering little prospect for an early <J?
c.ion favorable to the Allies, bttt fjef.
thcr ea.t. both through Italy and
through the ?.-Uksns, a less difficult
route, to victory is furnished.
Before the decisive blow can be.
struck, however, it was declared, the
communications between the Mace?
donian front and the Western Allijg
must b-- increased to in*ure an ufe.
quate. flow of supplies.
81st Army Division Named
After Stonewall Jackso?
GREENVILLE, S. C, May 30.--By
a general order issued at Camp Sevier
by command of Major General Bailey
the sist Division will be Known tm
cfficially as the "Stonewall Division*
after G. neral Stonewall Jackson, of tkt
Confederate Army.
The motto of the division will fa
"obedience, courage, loyalty." The tm
official insignia of the division will fa
a wild cat.
Take The III
Out Of Grill In
A Metric Shirt!
rHE heat? Get in- .
to a-Metric Shirt,
and "forget it"!
Not pulpy, stuffy fab?
rics that give you an
involuntary Turkish
bath, but cool, light,gos?
samery cloths.
These Shirts leave noth*
ing in the tub but the soil
of wear. The materials
soften and colors brighten
with washing, $1.50 to $12.
"Oxweave" (White Oxford
B?sketweave) is the Com
roandcr-in-i 'hief of Ibe Keep
Cool Corps, $2.
.J?HN.D\V1D
StenBiochSmartGjOtheS
Broadway et 32 s? Street"
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?'?VjSfeSfFy ?l\ IVl,?Spf*--_-_fS-_?^rCil_x
5?.
TTE
With Murad I can
keep time on the
firing line.
API
?SSSL
lilpii^
?ff
mm
m .'i?
avrils
if!
Cents

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