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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 31, 1918, Image 8

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3?eu> ?ork tribune
First to Last?the Truths News?Editorial?
?Advertisement?
Me*nt-*r of O?* Audit Bure?, of Circu?????
FBIUAV. MAY 81, MM
O-ti.d and pnl'lt?h?_l dally 1>? Tho TrUmri- A?. diUwj,
* Ho* Tert Consort-ton Oirden R*_d. l're.t?_nt: G
VwiiC-r So*??. TkwPmldont. Ri"-iU'd H l**. t*fret*,"';
F A 8ut*r. Tr?atu_>?r Addr.*?, Tribune Bnrtdln?. 191
N_jm_i_ ?_r*et. >>w TOT*- T<-'.ep?v..e. Beek?an ??M?.
RT.-BSCRIPTTON RATES -By Malt. Po*__-_? P?ld. ??**
fid? ot Greater Ne* Tor*
IN THE EN.TKD KTATES OTTSU-B OF GREATER
.\E\V YORK
1 jr. 6 mo J? \? m?
Dsl'v and Sun4?y.Ij.M ??? ?J" ?kg
T-.t'v only . 7 0ft 3 50 IT? ."
Sunday only.?00 J?*0 ?'* i0
CANADIAN RATES
T)_I1t ?ml Sunday.$10 00 $5 00 $5 SO ?100
D?5 only . r.OO 8.50 l.TS ??J
?Mind? or.ly . 5 00 2 50 1.26 ??>?
FOREIGN RATES
p.i.y and Sunday.$84.00 $12 00 $* 00 $2 00
Dally only . 1-oo . oo 4 50 1.80
Bunday or.ly . 7.00 3.50 1.?5 -M
F?.t. ed at Oi? Posioffln? at New York u Second Cl?*
M__l Matt?
C.UARANTEZ
Ywj can purr ._.?" merchandise Mlmrtlt-d In THE
TRIBUNE with ab?, it? tatet.?tor If dissatisfaction re
suit? I? My ?M? THE TRIBUNE ?uwantew to pay your
money back upon -_<i_-st. No red tap?. No quibbling.
We make good promptty It the advertlsor doe? not.
MEMBER OF TIIE ASSOCIATED ERKSS
The Associated Pre."* 1? exclusively entitled to Uic tin?
for republl-atlon of all new? dispatches credited to It or
not otherwise credited In this paper and also the local
news of spontaneous origin published herelu.
All rights of repubti-itlon of ?11 other matter herein
arc ano r?.crT?_.
Slay the Profiteer!
Let us stone the profiteer to death.
That will be just and good. He has no
defence in morals. Come! Let us be at
it. Each of us will take a stone and go
forth into the highways to dispatch the
wretch, whoever he is, wherever he may
be found.
But, lo! what do we see?
Every one of us has a stone. The rich
man has one for the greengrocer, who
has one for the middleman, who has one
for the truck gardener, who has one for
his hired man, and so all the way down
to the newsboy at Brooklyn Bridge, who
has one for the apple woman.
Then are we all profiteers?
In one sense, yes; in another sense, no.
There is a lot of misunderstanding in
this matter; also much misrepresenta?
tion, some of it in ignorance, jnore of it
in malice.
Just as a radical disloyalist like Scott
Nearing will quote a clause from "The
New Freedom" to an inflammable
audience and throw it into an ecstasy by
saying, after a theatrical pause, "That
is by the President of the United States !"
so now those who continue guardedly to
represent the war as a game of capital?
ists have begun already to quote from
Mr. Wilson's recent address to Congress
the following:
"There is such profiteering now, and the
information with regard to it is available
and indisputable."
The kind of uprising or revolution
Scott Nearing means when he quotes a
clause out of "The New Freedom," apart
from the context, is not the kind- of
movement the President meant when he
wrote of the silent revolution that is con?
tinually taking place. Nor is the kind
of profiteering the radicals mean when
they talk of the war as a capitalistic
thing the kind of profiteering the Presi?
dent meant in his exhortation to Con?
gress speedily to pass a tax bill to check
further inflation of prices.
"The profiteering that cannot be got at
by the restraints of conscience and love
of country," he said, "can be got at by
taxation." So it can.be. To increase
taxation heavily is to meet a correspond?
ingly larger part of the war's cost out of
the nation's current income and a lesser
part by means of credit and currency ex?
pansion ; that is to say, by inflation. If
you check inflation in that way you will
arrest the rise in prices, which we ap?
prove heartily of doing and have steadily
advocated in the interest of sane eco?
nomics.
We are profiteers, all of us, more or
less, not because we are lacking in con?
science or love of our country, but be?
cause individually we are helpless.
Everybody is doing it according to his
circumstances, and there is no stopping
for one unless for all.
Conscience and love of country cannot
stop the universal profiteering which is
made inevitable by rising prices; taxa?
tion can stop it, indirectly, by striking at
the cause of rising prices, which is in?
flation.
The evil spiral of profiteering works
in this way:
You are a manufacturer of shoes.
Leather goes up. You call the tanner a
profiteer and prove to him that he has
advanced his prices more than his costs
have risen. He may admit it, but his
defence is that his costs are advancing
steadily and that before he sells you
leather again they may be very much
higher. Therefore he is obliged to in?
crease his working margin. Or he tells
you bluntly that he doesn't care what you
think of his prices. He can sell his
leather to-morrow for more. You buy it.
Then your employe.? demand a raise.
You say to them, "But this is a great
deal to ask all at one time. The cost of
living hasn't increased as much as that."
They answer that the coat of living in?
creases daily, whereas wages are raised
only at long intervals. Besides, if you
can't pay the increase they will'go else?
where. They are doing what the tanner
did?adding a margin of safety to their
demands, and r- king for all they think
they can ge<? You raise their wages.
Now you find that the cost of making a
pair of shoes has increased 50 cents.
But do yea increase the price to the re?
tailer 60 cent?? No, indeed. You say,
"Leather will go goodnens knows how
much higher and I may have to rais?
wages again week after next. To mak?
sure 111 raise the price of shoes $1 a
pair." And what does the retailer say.
He calls you a profiteer, but you say tc
him what the tanner said to you. Then,
does he add $1 a pair to the price o?
shoes? No, indeed. He Bays, "Things
are going up so fast that in a little while
j I'll have to raise the pay of my clerks
! again, and perhaps my rent will ri?e.
? I'll have to widen my margin of profit.
! Therefore, the price of shoes will be in
i creased $1.50 a pair."
Multiply this instance a thousand
j times, in all the processes of production
i and distribution, and you will begin to
! realize what we mean by universal prof
? iteering. It is largely owing to the antic
j ipation of still higher prices. Every?
! hody who bargains and sells adds to his
' price the. increase of costs, plus pome
; thing for safety against the further rise
i of those costs by reason of everybody else
1 doing the same thing.
This happens always when prices are
j rising. It has happened in every great
business boom you ever knew. It. is now
. more conspicuous, owing to the attention
j it receives on patriotic {?round, but
j wherein it is greater in degree than ever
[ before in a lifetime's experience it is so
because the degree of credit inflation is
unprecedented.
So long as inflation continues un?
checked prices will go on rising, and so
long as prices continue to rise this kind
of profiteering will baffle both the con?
science and the love of country.
There is one thing more. It is very
important. People soon learn by ex?
perience that in time of rising prices
money's buying power is less and less the
longer you keep it. The way to get most
for your money is to spend it at once.
To-morrow it may buy less. Therefore,
i the frail habits of thrift are relaxed and
the impulse to spend is enormously
strengthened. The sense of values is im?
paired. Nobody knows what a thing is
worth, and everybody expects it to cost
more to-morrow. Reckless spending
causes prices to rise still faster, and this
intensifies the whole train of phenomena
already described.
Instances of immoral profiteering, in
which persons, mainly speculators, act?
ually grow rich in the confusion, are
perhaps numerous; but relatively they
are rare among 100,000,000 people, all
profiteering in self-defence.
The opprobrious term of profiteer is
applied mainly to the rich; but as a
great majority of the rich derive their
income from investments at fixed per?
centages all of them are made poorer by
a rise in prices. If a Bolshevist only
had the financial sense to know what has
happened since the war began to the
value of that capital which he hates so
deeply he would feel terribly swindled.
Exit German
The reasons for ending the teaching of
German in our public schools were ad?
mirably stated by our local Board of Su?
perintendents in the report now approved
by the Board of Education. Indignation
and abhorrence of the German way find
a peculiarly impressive expression in this
expulsion of the German tongue. "This
action would be a notice that the City of
New York regards tl.e war as a war to
the finish between opposing ideals." That
is the crux of the matter. There are
other ways in which we can make our re?
solve felt upon the skulls of Potsdam.
We shall use them all. This one has an
eloquence of its own and a significance
for the future that no one can mistake.
The sooner the example is followed by the
other public schools of the country the
better.
Rank for Army Nurses
War has changed in all its aspects?in
rone more than in the kind of care now
given to the sick and the wounded. By
the introduction of modern surgical
methods and scientific nursing hospital
wastage has been reduced in a startling
ratio.
Our antique military organization has
yielded slowly to innovations. In that it
has been true to form. It looks back?
ward instead of forward. For that rea?
son it is still thinking of the army nurse
in terms of the era of Florence Nightin?
gale or Clara Barton, and not in terms of
the profession of nursing as it is splen?
didly and thoroughly organized to-day.
The trained nurse is a factor of the
highest value in modern war. She gives
her brains as well as her hands to the
service of the sick and wounded. She is
not an automaton. Yet our War De?
partment still classifies her, so far as
authority goes, with the hospital orderly
?a man without technical knowledge and
resource, hardly the equivalent of the j
ordinary practical nurse. The specialist
of high education and qualifications must |
work alongside the orderly, and, though
obliged to direct him if he is to accom?
plish anything, is vested with no power to
give him orders.
In the army rank alone gives author?
ity. Therefore those on whom responsi?
bility rests must have the prestige of
rank. Great Britain and Canada have
recognized this in their army medical
departments. Tj'hey make their nurses
officers for the same reason that they
make their surgeons officers. In the
Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military
Service a matron in chief has the relative
rank of lieutenant colonel or major of
the General Staff. Matrons, sisters and
staff nurses and all line nurses have the
relative rank of lieutenant. This gives
them authority over non-commissioneri
officers and hospital corps men. Canada
has a similar system.
Mr. Raker, of California, has intro?
duced a bill in the House of Representa
tives to reorganize the nurse corpM oJ
the medical department, making it a sep
arate staff corps. All the members o:
the corps ore to have relative rank a;
commissioned officers, the superintenden
as a major, the chief nurses as first lieu
tenants and the nurses and reserv?
nurses as second lieutenants. In eacl
army serving abroad there are to be on<
director and two assistant directors, witl
the rank of captain.
This bill ought to pass. It would wip
out the crudities of th? present period o
transition between the ancient system o
army nursing and the modern system
It would give the nurse of professions
attainments the status which she de?
serves. It would protect her in her work
by vesting her with needed command. It
would help to guarantee pufferers in hos?
pitals the benefit of a much larger meas?
ure of Hkilled attention.
We have many things still to learn in
war. One of them is that command must
go al?n? with competency and responsi?
bility, no matter whether the uniform
?3 wo^n by a man or by a woman.
Hoarders
The medical director of the navy who
collected a young grocery ..tore in his
Washington house will deserve all that
the law can give him if the facts prove
to be as alleged. There are few acts
more helpful to the enemy and more
seriously damaging to the nation than
hoarding. If a million Americans were
selfish enough to fill their cellars with
food in this fashion the war would be
lost. If ten millions hoarded one-tenth
as much the war would be lost. Hoard?
ing belongs with sabotage and the* pro
German propaganda in its deadly attack
upon the nation's safety.
The case in Washington is an extraor?
dinary one, difficult to comprehend. The
officer and his wife were intelligent peo?
ple, fully cognizant of the food regula?
tions. Hoarding upon such a vast scale
?a ton and a half of sugar was one
item?would seem to represent an almost
irrational fear of famine and a colossal
selfishness. There are surely very few
Americans so blind and inhumane.
The moral for us all is to make doubly
sure that our conscience^ are entirely
clear in the matter of hoarding. On a
petty scale the temptation is frequent.
The point of view of Rip Van Winkle,
who was always taking one more "that
didn't count," has a wide human appeal.
What we must realize, what most Amer?
icans have already come to realize and
respect, is that hoarding, even in small
quantities, is a violation of good faith to
our neighbors, to our fellow Americans,
to our nation.
Why Not Wipe Out the U-Boat?
There is a disposition, especially evi?
dent in Washington, to think the sub?
marine peril is passing. The sinkings de?
cline steadily. New construction is now
well under way, and the French Minister
of Marine claims that the U-boats are
being destroyed faster than they are be?
ing built.
But is that a reason to take our ease?
The submarine has been the deadliest
weapon of the war. All the artillery,,
all the infantry, all the battleships, all
the millions of tons of explosives and
projectiles the Germans have shot into !
the air have not inf!cted the damage, I
nor cost the Allies so dear, as two or !
three hundred untersee boats.
They have destroyed or crippled or
kept in harbor more than one half the
ocean-going tonnage of the whole world.
By forcing the convoy system, devious
routes, no lights, they have cut down
the effectiveness of what remains nearly
one-half moi'e. They have destroyed
more tonnage than all the Allies, includ?
ing the United States, can rebuild in
the next two years. They have pre?
vented, and still prevent, effective aid
to Russia.
They are still sinking more ocean?
going tonnage than all the yards of the
world were building before the war.
The U-boat menace is still here. It
still forces, and will continue to force,
the convoy system. Yet?and this is the
amazing thing?American engineers in
the service of this government have cer?
tified that the U-boat could be wiped out
of the sea not merely now but for all
time?so utterly destroyed that no na?
tion would ever build another. Why is
this not being done?
Are the bureaucrats of the Navy De?
partment indifferent to this possibility?
The development of the submarine de?
tectors is a complete success. It is one
of the great scientific achievements of
the war, and perhaps America's one
greatest contribution to the technique of
war. All that is now needed is a fleet of
hundreds of swift chasers equipped with
these devices literally to bomb the
U-boats out of the seas.
Are we building this fleet? We are not,
One man, one firm--Henry Ford's?has
an order for one hundred of thest
chasers, equipped, according to our in?
formation, with a propeller drive whicl
will, if it does not. render them ?seles;
for this work, impair their efficiency
by half. Our information is that with
out interfering in any way with existing
ship construction it would be possible ti
build and equip 300 or more of these fas
destroyers in the same time.
Where is the opposition?
Remove the Taint
The fate of Dr. Brown, sur-pended
head of the Health Department's Bureau
! of Food and Drug?, will be decided by the
j Board of Health of the City of New
| York. That body is made up of the
! Health Commissioner, the. Police Com
| missioner and the Health Officer of the
Port of New York. Dr. Copeland, Health
I Commissioner, succeeded Dr. Amster,
j and Police Commissioner Enright suc
i ceeded Commissioner Bugher. Both
, these former city officials resigned be
! cause they refused to let Mayor Hylan
! dictate the policies and performances of
' their departments in matters small anc
' great. Dr. Cofer, Health Officer of th?
Port, is an appointee of the Governor
I and so is the only only man among Dr
j Brown's judges who holds office inde
pendent of the city administration.
Dr. Cofer is also the only member oi
I the Board of Health who was not con
j suited about the charges against Dr
j Brown and the manner of hearing them
j He insists that Dr. Brown ought to hav?
j a public trial, with the fullest rights o
defence, including representation b;
counsel and the power to call witnesses
He stands for a "thorough and open in
vestigation and a non-partisan decision.
Dr. Onpeland insists there will be no
trial with such rights for Dr. Brown.
There will be a public gathering, at
which Or. Brown may make "explana?
tion" of the charges against him, but
may not be represented by counsel or
call witnesses.
This procedure, according to the Cor?
poration Counsel, is legal. But it would
undoubtedly be just as legal to have the
procedure which Dr. Cofer suggests, and
it would be much fairer to Dr. Brown
and vastly more consonant with the dig?
nity of the City of New York and the
standing of its Health Department. Dr.
Brown's reputation is precious to him,
but he will not suffer as will the repute
of this city if he is dismissed as the re?
sult of proceedings with the slightest
taint of unfairness.
The Way of Epigrams
We have received a number of letters,
one of which is printed elsewhere on this
page, disputing the form in which The
Tribune recently quoted General Nathan
B. Forrest's famous epigram on the art
of war.
It is natural that there should be dif?
fering versions. Forrest did not reduce
his epigram to writing. There is no
authentic original of it in black and
white. So memory, imagination and
critical selection have been left to do
their work.
That is the way with spoken epigrams.
Posterity accepts the form which suits it
best?often a form which the maker him?
self would have preferred, if he had
thought of it.
What did Forrest say? All our critics
agree that he didn't say: "I got there
first with the most men." Given For?
rest's "cracker" Southern dialect and his
general idiosyncrasies in speech, some
savor of bad grammar was needed to
make his happy condensation of the phi?
losophy of military strategy racy and
characteristic. A personal flavor and
uncouth form could only help to give it
dramatic emphasis.
We used the phrasing which has been
most commonly accepted. The common
judgment is unerring in such matters.
What it takes to will live; what does not
appeal to it will be discarded. So we
stand on: "I got there firstest with the
mostest men."
There is a touch of genius in that
which accords exactly with Forrest's rus?
ticity, simplicity and naive intellectual
vigoi.
It seems incredible that the Adminis?
tration, with all its skill in popular psy?
chology, would be so fatuous as to intern
General Leonard Wood for political
reasons. A martyr may be more danger?
ous than a hero. And yet, since political
intuitions are most likely to go wrong
in moments of supreme confidence, one
cannot be sure.
What's In a Law?
By the Rev. Percy S. Grant,
of the Church of the Ascension
A LAW like the prohibition law could
not be expected to stand upon the
books of a state or nation unat?
tended by other laws or social undertakings
that would assist its success. The main
fear that has in any way appealed to me as
a result of the prohibition law is what
doctors call the law of substitution. I do
not mean the substitution of other kinds of
alcoholic drinks in the place of those ordi?
narily sold in the saloons, such as patent
medicines, etc., but the substitution of
drugs or of other habits of life that in
some way stimulate or satisfy the nervous
system.
Abnormal physical conditions, which urge
individuals to various forms of dangerous
neurotic satisfaction, are largely matters
that proceed from the social and industrial
habits of our day.
If men are worked too many hours; if
they work under unsanitary conditions; if
they are given too little pay to buy nour?
ishing food; if they live in tenements that
lack ventilation and fresh air; if they are
products of a general educational and so?
cial system which prevents their wives from
understanding how to cook or how to take
care of a home, or the simpler laws of
hygiene??all these provocatives of nerve
irritation and weakness will stand in the
way of the success of the prohibition law.
The very state of mind which urges pro?
hibition?the idealistic desire for finer
flesh and blood, less human wreckage and
more efficient use of food production and
more efficient mental and physical labor?
should consequently be deeply concerned to
improve environment so as to help the law.
The Voter ana Her Age
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Too many aspersions have been cast
upon the woman voter who withholds her
true age. I, a voter-to-be, of one day's ex?
perience as such, wish to protest against
the manner in which this city records the
age of the voter. Saturday I resolved to
act upon the advice given to women in The
Tribune Institute of May 19: "The second
injunction ?3 to tell your age without blush
or Btammer, and tell it truly."
One is not especially pleased to see the
tale of her years inscribed on a .page open
to a dozen others making the same record
and signature, In my case another inmate
of my house bearing my initial, having
registered shortly after, informed me that
she had noticed my entry. In this manner
one's bellboy or maid, alphabetically re?
lated to one's self?if not indeed one's own
friends in the district ?is privileged to
learn publicly a woman's most intimate
secret.
I note that in the manifold "Who'..
Whos" as many men as women keep untold
the date of birth. Indeed, every man knows
that in many lines of work it is both un?
businesslike and unprofessional to reveal
one's age. If the government wishes a
woman to make a true statement, whv doe.
it not devise a method of keeping her age
as much a state secret as her vote?
PROFESSIONAL WOMAN.
New York, May 27, 1918.
How the Mother Knew
i From Lloyd's Hews, London)
A Welsh soldier wrote at the head of his
letter, "Braid, yn dagrau," and the censor,
evidently assuming this to be a Welsh
motto, allowed it to pass. The man's mother,
however, was able to read the phrase as
"arm in tears," and from it she gathered
that her son was somewhere near Armen
i tier es.
Before the War
Ti/f_??r, ?H r, i tu
?58_?
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AMERICAN HISTORY REVERSED?NO. 7
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HISTORIC FACT?On the night of August 24, 1814, the British entered Washington City and applied the torch, burning the Capitol, Trtssm
and other public and private buildings. Parties of the British soldiery advanced to the White House, and, after eating a dinner prepared UtQ?
American officers by President Madlsorj, set the building on fire.
Liberty Wings
By Theodore M. Knappen
DAYTON, Ohio, May 29.?We were
darting through space at 130 miles
an hour when we drove through a
fleecy cloud, six thousand feet above Dayton.
I didn't know it then, but Howard Rinehart,
the pilot, told me so afterward.
That cloud was a symbol.
In Washington the day before an aero?
nautical "authority" had called me aside
to give me grave counsel in this man?
ner: "Don't let them fool yoy. I have rea?
son to believe that no Liberty motor has
ever been in the air yet." Then he told
me how no good aviation motor could be
made by machine processes. In the pres?
ence of authority I was dumb.
The thunderous buzz of the mighty motor
that was now projecting us through the
air at a rate at which few men had ever
flown before was the answer.
We were shooting through the cloud of
ignorance regarding the Liberty motor. The
reticence of the Signal Corps, the vocal
abilities of the enemies of the motor and
the well known difficulties that have been
encountered in its production have created
a generally believed legend of the failure
of the Liberty motor.
Seeing is believing. The legend was be?
ing demolished at tetter than two miles .1
minute.
The motor that was developing this speed
was just plain Packard-production Liberty
motor No. 533. Three or four weeks ago it
was a pile of about 3,000 parts. These
parts had been quickly put together at
Detroit, rushed to Dayton, placed in a
De Haviland 4?and now the composite was
climbing the stairs of the skies faster than
the finest handmade motor the wonderful
machinists of France, England and Italy
have ever produced.
And they said it couldn't be done.
The wiseacres have been telling the pub?
lic that after all the Liberty motor would
not develop speed, that it is only a medi?
ocre creation at best, but here we were
shooting through the blue in a two-seater
faster than any German ace has ever sped
horizontally in a single seater and faster
than any of the Allied fighters have ever
flown in action.
The enormous power of the Liberty motor
in proportion to it3 weight has given us
a two-seater that can outrun and outfight
the very pursuit machines for our failure
to develop which there has been so much
criticism. This is another chapter of the
legend that has enshrouded the Liberty
motor. It is the most powerful flying motor
the world has yet developed. It can climb
with unprecedented rapidity in the right
sort of 'plane, and it can overhaul or run
away from any enemy. It gives a two
seater 'plane every advantage over a single
seater except in the matter of quick
manoeuvrability.
But greater than its merits as a motor is
the manner of its production by machines.
It thereby solves the problem of supply,
The time is comparatively near at hanc
when the six factories that are now at
work on it will be able to turn it out a<
the rate of 500 a day or 12,500 a month
It took many years to dsvelop quantitj
production of automobiles. The task ol
attaining quantity production of Libert>
motors has been performed in less than _
year.
Perhaps it might have been done sooner
It was believed that it could be so done
The disappointment about the Liberty moto:
is neither in the motor nor in the actua
time it has taken to attain production, bu
only in the failure of fact to fulfil thi
prophecy. We have done wonderfully, bu
not so wonderfully as we foretold. Cas
the aircrafters into outer darkness if yoi
will for their shortcomings as prophets, bu
give them just reward of praise for thi
actual achievement.
As we rushed through the air behind th
machine-made, quantity-production moto
we passed over the great Dayton-Wrigh
factory, where they are making 'planes b;
quantity-production methods to match th<
machine-made motors.
What the prophets wrote has been ful
filled.
Their chronology was poor, but the)
vision was clear.
"Unjust to Forrest"
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Traditions formed in Civil War
days regarding General Nathan Bedford
Forrest's everyday speech do not seem to
support the attempt in Monday's editorial
columns to correct General Maurice's quo?
tation of a famous epigram. General
Maurice was, of course, commenting upon
Forrest's military tactics and mode of
thought, and did so in correct English,
either from choice or because he was
quoting as he found it.
Samples from Forrest's lips which his
contemporaries preserved in notes or their
memories show that he used the vernacular
of his class and section, Tennessee and Mis?
sissippi, in the '60s. The writer has
talked with Federal and Confederate offi?
cers who met Forrest during or immedi?
ately after the war, in which he won fame
on account of his all-round unconventional
methods, and as a rule they said that his
spoken utterances had been misquoted or
purposely distorted for effect by the early
exploiters of them.
One of my informants had been captured
by some of Forrest's command, and he
afterward lived a few years in what was
known as "Forrest's country." This was
Major O. J. Smith, 4th Indiana Cavalry
Major Smith's version of the epigram came
originally from a Confeder&te major who
had served with?perhaps under?Forrest,
as follows: "Gittin* thar fust with the most
men,"
This rendering was recorded in print
twenty years ngo from notes freshly made
and verified as substantially Forrest's
words and style by those in position to
know the facts. These authorities re?
ported him as invariably saying "thar" for
"there," "rar" for "rear," "hyar" (mon?
osyllable) for "here," "bust" for "burst,"
"fust" for "first," and so on. Hence the
"there" and "firstest" in The Tribune's ver?
sion seem more unjust to Forrest?in The
Tribune's sense that it is unjust to mis
] quote his language?than the "first" in th?
Englishman's version.
Another quotation vouched for by ? Con?
federate officer, who heard the original as
it came from Forrest's lips, throws light
on his readiness in a crisis and his terse?
ness and eccentric speech when surprised.
While fighting superior forces and hard
beset on the main front, a book-taught
staff officer brought the alarming news
as he supposed?that the Federals were
marching up on the rear of th? engaged
line of battle.
"Wal, when we turn round wunt we be
on their rar?" was the cool chief's na?ve
comment, and he at once ordered an about
face and headlong charge by a reserve bat?
talion. Of course he would meet this new
? danger, of course surprise the foe by un?
heard of tactics and of course stampede
him and see his back.
GEORGE LANGDLN KILMER.
Brooklyn, May 29, 1918
A Hospital for Negro Soldiers
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I am a South.rn woman and know
what the negro has meant snd does mean
to this country. No foreigners have corns
to our shores that more deserve our help
than do they. At present the negro-, o?
New York City are making a drive for "ends
to build th? McDonougb Memorial Hosp.tsl,
where our colored tro-^p? coming from th.
war zone will be taken care of. Thousand,
of negroes er?, helping u? fight for dsmoc
racy. _t is as little as we can do to hell
them build this hospital. Any checks sent
to me will be turned over to the drive com<
mittee'.. treasurer, Dr. William Jav Schief
felin, 170 William Street.
HELEN S. WOODRUFF.
No. 14 East Sixty-eighth Street, New York
May 25, 1918.
The New Date Line
i From the Ctevelind Plam /..a/.n
We are looking eagerly forward to thi
time when, instead of "?..?mewhe?? ii
France," the letters from or.r boys will b<
dated from "Somewhere in Germany."
? I I?
I ?' ??
ttVorwaerts,> Washes
Its Hands
From The New Europe
"Vorw?rts" (April 11) declares that Ge
man imperial poliey has taken a couru
diametrically opposed to that of Sc-tja
Democracy (a) in the Austrian ultimate
to Serbia; (b) the unrestricted U-boat, es?
paign, and (c) the Brest-Litovsk pean
"From this policy, to which we were ?
posed, has resulted the situation in whlrfi
we find ourselves. The only way out of it
is that of force. We were promised thl_
this way would, in the end, lead to pease,
and that the end was near. Since no ota?
possibility showed itself at the tjtne, w?
accepted it and declared ourselves ready is a
cooperate in the atte?npt to realise tfci I
peace hopes of the people by the only war I
that remained open. We march, w? PSJ" 1
taxes, and we hope, together with ttks last; (
but we maintain that the responsibility for I
success lies with those who have taken ov?n
the actual management of the empire. But
| these are not the government, nor tM
! Reichstag majority, and certainly not-~-ai
j the Kaiser's brother-in-law supposed? in th?
; debate of the 9th?the Social Democrats.
i Who really holds the leadership it is 4i(B*
j cult to pay, for although the activity of tin
civil government has, for the last fo?
years, almost entirely consisted of retr??
before the military party, one certain!!
cannot assert that the latter maintains th
leadership uncontested. In the politics
arena, upon which it has encroached wi?
increasing determination, it has had toftffrl
considerable difficulties, and there wast?M
a time when one might believe a 'dffl
power' would establish itself in Gerrawfi
with the formula 'To the generala the mili*
i tary government; to us the political.' . , .1
"Our task appears twofold; first, to ptc-l
i serve the German people from the tremss*'
j dous misfortune which defeat would Jt?i
i volve; ami second, to contend against 11
' policy whi.h may lead possibly to a Sf0-1
j mit, but p.rhaps also beyond that into Si I
j abyss. Accordingly, Social Democracy fcjl?
j been untiring in its effort to strengthen ?&? J
j backbone of a clear-sighted imperial policy. I
I It knows that, as a minority, it cannot ft*-}
i ern the empire; but it has invariably joined
j its labors with the labors of those who, Hk?
i it, consider a policy of pure force and ?son?
! quest a pernicious one. At first the ?t
? tempt always appeared to proceed wcees*
fully, but unfortunately in the middle si
the course we all lost one another!"
"Vorw?rts," therefore, protests that le
cial Democracy is not responsible for I
policy of which it disapproves. Bat "tb<
Socialists will continue to stand on the sidi
of their own nation in the attempt to sa*
it from the consequences of a bad poliey"
Military Precision
' Frnm. r/r. Boston TmHtcnpr,
A colored drill ..rgeavtt is reportsd ?
saying to .hie squad: "Now whin I giws%
de word ob comman' 'Eves right:' I wants
to heah every niggah's eyeballs click."
Apropos, thr story is told of Grsnt beinf
offered a battslion of backwoodsmen. H?
admired the fine physique of the men, but
had his doubts about their training.
"Colonel," said ?rant, "I'd like to
your men at work. Cai? them to atUetioaj
and order them to march with shouldered
arms in close column to the !_f? flank." j
Instantly the colon?! shouted to hi*
troops: "Boy?, look wild, that! Make i*$tii
to thicken and go left endwavs. Tote ya?r|
guns. Git!" ^^~
Rheims Is Not Dead 1
RHEIMS is not dead' She !?vee form?
What of the foe, with his foul
deavor?
He left her soul, which will r?r.s*> n<*>?;j
H. *" stones are flung, as a >?..?. war?"
A 'o-mless heap, foy the age;.' forning;
Her iiour is fixed at her last ?lad rr-ornl
Her beauty and pride are rent a_i:nd?^
.?ut her fall was heard as a call of thu?
Her broken light js a star of wonda?.
Where lots and ruin and death asts?_tJ
The songs of worship shall never faltei
They have raised to heaven her mighty |
Still are her golden censers ?winging};
Her silent bells are ever ringing
Through lost aisles sweet with hygortf
ing.
Rheims is not dead? Her splendid st
Shall be writ in gold when the world ii
Saint? Jeanr-* ?till kneels at hor s_
?lory. .
MARION COUTHOUY

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