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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 09, 1918, Image 29

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Hitm ttorik tribune
SUNDAY, .TUNE 9. 1918
Many Women Doing
Needless Work While
Army Calls for 25,000
More Recruits
<4"T N TIME of war it is a disgrace
s for a trained nurse to be em?
ployed in a private family.
either in the capacity of companion or
to look after healthy children or a
woman with nerves. Twelve nurses
that I could put my hand on are en?
joying the luxury and comfort of such
well-paid situations. They are strong,
able-bodied women and should be ?
working in hospitals or serving their ;
country. I wish it could he made im?
possible for private nurses to get
This definite view of one phase of
the present nursing situation in New
York is expressed by the capable head
of a training school, who further
states that with the fewest possible
exceptions the sick should now be
cared for in hospitals.
The present Bed Cross drive for
nurses in response to Surgeon General
Gorgas's call for 25,000 army and navy
nurses before January 1, 1919, em?
phasizes the gravity of another prob?
lem- that of meeting the nursing
needs of civilians during the war.
Already certain hospitals are feeling
the shortage in trained nurses. Miss
Henderson, of the Central Branch of
the Y. W. C. A , reports a necessity
for trained attendants to supplement
the shortage at the Roosevelt and
Presbyterian hospitals, the Hospital
for Ruptured and Crippied and other
Last April out of thirteen hundred
urgent calis for trained nurses at one
of the nurses' registries in this city !
?ess than half that number could be
At a New York nurses* club seventy
calls were received in one evening,
although it was impossible to meet
any of them. In another case fifty
dollars was offered to watch a pneu?
monia crisis, but there was no one
to send. i
Hospital Staff
Said to Be Overworked
The staff of nurses at Brooklyn hos- I
pit?is is reported as badly overworked. '
while there is the same shortage at |
registries and a resulting inability to
meet the needs of private case?.
That this- need is not merely local,
but national, can be attested by fig?
ures from other states. For example,
in March, 1918, in Washington, D. C,
the Nurses' Registry could answer
only seventy-three out of a total of
328 requests for graduate nurses.
In spite of what appears to be a
fact, some still maintain that the na- !
lion's resources are sufficient to meet !
all nursing needs even after the 25,
000 women needed for war work have
been successfully taken out of the
Miss Adelaide Nutting, director of
the department of nursing and health
at Teachers College and chairman of
the committee on nursing of the Gen^
eral Medical Board of the Council of
National Defence, says there is no
shortage of resources, that the fail?
ure to obtain nurses for private cases,
both through nurses' registries and
physicians, is hot due to war condi?
tions, but might be the case at any
time. Miss Nutting contends that
while resources are ample to take care
of the present nursing needs both for
war work and private cases there
might be a shortage in three years if
young women who would ordinarily
take the regular three years' course in
nursing at the training schools are
encouraged to take the shorter courses
which at the end of a few months per?
mit them to "nurse the wounded."
Miss Nutting and those who share her
views as to the danger of interfering
with the regular three years' course
have harsh words for the "sentimental?
ists" who would encourage the novice
to enter war work.
Majority Are
Privately Employed
According to Miss Nutting there are
slightly over ninety-eight thousand
registered nurses in this country. Ten
per cent are ineligible for one cause or
another. Twenty thousand are already
enrolled. This leaves sixty-eight
thousand nurses to draw upon. Eighty
five per cent of these are employed in
private nursing, and Miss Nutting
recommends that special attention be
devoted to the levying of recruits
from this field.
She points to the increased number
of students entering the training
school? of the country. According to
her more than Bcven thousand have
been admitted beyond the usual num?
ber entering such schools, while thir?
teen thousand nurses will be grad?
uated this year. She advocates the
plan for an army school of nursing
which has been approved by the sur?
geon general, the heads of the army
nurse corps, the nursing department of
the American Red Cross and the com?
mittee on nursing of the Council of
National Defence, besides having the
support of women outside of the pro?
fession. At the all day conference on
hospital problems resulting from the
war, held under the auspices of the
war service committee of the American
Hospital Association last Monday at
the New York Academy of Medicine, a
?sT <mmMmamu?? ?se*
An Important Purchase of High Grade Blouses
Full Hand Made, Values $9 to $20 at $5.95
ONE OF THE MOST STRIKING features about this important sale is that there are
more of these Blouses in the range between $12 and $20 values than less than $12.
They are the season's remainders and samples of a famous maker who is noted
for the beauty of his original designs and the skill with which he adapts the best French
creations to American tastes.
About ten styles in the offering, all hand-drawn and hand-sewed. Some are trimmed with real Irish
crochet lace, some with real filet. Colors and white and flesh; all sheer batiste.
One very smart frilled Blouse is a copy of a Strauss, Paris, model, hand-drawn, hand-sewed through*
out, and even the collar is hand-faggoted. Another model is from Chassot and has a very smart roll fichu,
embellished with hand-drawnwork.
All have the short shoulders, making a perfect fit.
None will be sent C. O. D. or on approval, none reserved formall or telephone orders.
Second Floor, Center.
New Shipments Women's Silk Gloves, 65c
HE BEST GLOVES at their price that we have seen this season, neatly finished and
with finger tips doubled for extra service. Two-clasp, tricot and Milanese silk of su?
perior quality, in black and white with self stitched backs.
Main Floor, Bond Street.
$2 and $2.50 40-Inch Printed Foulard Silks, $1.48 and $1.69
ALL SILK FOULARD SILKS of the finest grades and the most artistic designs, the best
qualities obtainable in Greater New York at anything like their regular prices, and
a wonder value at $1.48 and $1.69 a yard.
The patterns and colorings are beautiful and distinctive, not those obtainable generally
in ready-to-wear, therefore bestowing the mark of "custom made" at once upon your
Navy and white predominate, but other good shades and color combinations are rep?
resented. Choose early, before the range of designs is depleted, for this is emphatically a
time when first choosing is best.
Silks Store. Main Floor, Bond Street.
Clearance of Reed, Willow, Fibre, Porch and Painted
Summer Furniture
Hundreds of Pieces : : Fifth to Third Less
THE REASON IS EXTRAORDINARY. Out of foresight and because of conditions yet
unprecedented here or anywhere, we placed orders for large amounts of Furniture
at an unheard-of time in advance. That Furniture is now arriving?and, therefore,
a greater stock, a wider assortment, a stock with more desirable, fine pieces in it than
has ever reached a summer clearance before, has to go out, weeks earlier, in order to
accommodate it.
The Opportunities Are Marvelous
Complete Suites, as well as odd Chairs and Tables, and a wealth of fascinating and
artistic novelties may be chosen from a stock widely acknowledged to be the most original
and beautiful in New York this year?and as yet scarcely depleted. If summer household?
ers of Brooklyn and Long Island rise to a proper appreciation of the unique opportunity
here presented, we shall find all of this good Furniture promptly going into usefulness in
summer homes.
$3.50 to $11 Porch Rockers $33.50 to $85 Settees and Davenports
Are $2.75 to $8.75 Are $26 to $56
$8.50 to $63 Arm Chairs $8.50 to $43 Tables Are $6.75 to $28
Are $6.75 to $42 $12.50 to $34 Tea Wagons
$8.50 to $42 Arm Rockers Are $9.75 to $22.50
Are $6.75 to $28 $26 to $47 Floor Lamps Are $20 to $31
And many other novel and beautiful pieces, such as Bird Cages, Table Lamps, Telephone Tables, Drop
Leaf Tables. Fern Boxes, Aquariums. Tabourettes and Table Desks.
Summer Furniture Kxhlhlt. Third Floor.
! message from the surgeon general was
read to the effect that this plan would
be tried out. It is said that it will
correspond with the three years' train?
ing school course. Miss Nutting feels
that the plan, which includes a wide?
spread system of affiliation with civil
hospitals, will release for service else?
where many regular army nurses now
stationed in home military hospitals.
On the other hand, Dr. Goldwater,
director of the Mount Sinai Hospital,
is convinced of the shortage of trained
nurses throughout the country and
keenly concerned as to the existence
of resources that may be drawn upon
to fill the rapidly widening gaps.
Training Schools
Report Shortage
"When a call from General Pershing
for three or four thousand nurses was
answered a short time ago it was
found impossible to fill their places in
the army cantonments," he said.
"Many hospital training schools ?ii
this country, instead of overflowing
with applicants, on the contrary report
a lack of them. I have letters to this
effect from Cleveland, Minneapolis
Ithaca, Denver, Washington, D. C.
"According to the tabulated report
of the Survey of Medical Resources ir
the United States from July, 1917, tc
March, 1918?you can see these fact;
are recent ?there were accommoda?
tions for 502 pupil nurses in Connecti?
cut; while the enrolment numberec
only 205. In Massachusestts the ao
commodations were for 1,648. Only 75C
were enrolled. In New York the ac
commodations were for 3,349. Onlj
1,761 enrolled. In Indiana, with ac?
commodations for 529, only 215 en?
rolled. In Minnesota, with accommo?
dations for 860, 509 enrolled. In Vir?
ginia, with accommodations for 365
311 enrolled. In Texas, with accommo
dations for 1,200, only 226 enrolled
In Missouri, with accommodations foi
809, 292 enrolled. One might continue
to give corresponding figures for all
the states.
"One way of solving the problem oi
shortage would be the training oi
nurses' aids. The shortage questior
has been most intelligently handled ir
this manner.
Training Women
As Nurses' Aid
"Fifty thousand aids are already en
rolled with the Red Cross, but, owinj
to the opposition of registered nurses
not allowed to take courses in hos
pit?is. The training of the aids woulc
relieve trained nurses from the lightei
duties of bathing and bedmaking, fo:
"In January a pamphlet was issuet
by the Red Cross treating on th
nurses' aid question. The opening sen
tences ran as follows:
" 'Only a limited number of nurses
aids have as yet^Been called into ser
vice. While there has been little op
portunity for the service thus far, th
unusual conditions make it necessar
that we should anticipate future needs
"Miss S, Lillian Clayton, presiden
of the League of Nursing Education a
the Philadelphia General Hospital
says that out of the total number o
registered nurses only about a quarte
could be counted upon for war work
Therefore, out of a total of 65,342 regi
istered nurses, 16,300 would be th
highest number available.
"I want no more conclusive proo
that the present drive for nurses wil
not reach the required number, owin
to lack of resources, than the admis
sion that after the drive for registere
nurses practical nurses will be ac
cepted, which will tend to lower medi
cal standards that should be main
It is evident that while some take a
jptimistic view of the situation, other
ue. persuaded that the present nurs.n
utuation has reached a crisis. Som
ioctors and nurses acknowledge
ihortage of nurses for civilian need
ind openly admit that they have n
dea how the situation can be me
Several physicians have little faith i
Ihe three months' course of trainirv
given at certain hospitals.
Discounts Plan
For Military Training^
Dr. Howell, of the New York Hos
pital, thinks that the plan for a mil
tary training school If carried out wi
be of little use in the present war, a
the course will probably be similar t
the regular three years' course at othe
training schools. Recognizing tha
there is an immediate need to mee
he, with Dr. Goldwater, recommend
the efficacy of from six months to
year's Intensive training for nurses
Red Cross Headquarters issued thi
atatement lut week i
Public Civilian Staffs!
Already Overworked!
as Ranks Go Over toi
the Colors
"Despite the vital need of the army
? and navy for nurses, civilians at home;
? will not be deprived of any nurses ?
necessary to maintaining the public [
; health. With the opening of the cam- i
paign to persuade 25,000 nurses to en- ;
list in the United States service the
American Red Cross made public fig-j
ures which will effectually still any!
public fear on this score. There are
98,000 registered nurses in this coun- \
try. From this number 10 per cent
must be deducted for disability. This i
proportion, it is acknowledged, will not,
he equal to militar^ service. This!
leaves approximately 89,000 nurses1
qualified to enlist. There are in addi- j
tion 17,000 graduate nurses who arc not!
registered, but subject to the same sub- j
traction for disability. Thus of the i
total graduate trained nurses in this I
country practically 103,000 are qualified '
to enlist.
"In addition to graduate trained;
nurses there are probably more than j
127,000 practical nurses or attendants
who are fitted for nursing work. The
census of 1910 showed that there were;
126,833 so employed at the time. This :
number has probably increased. How
great a proportion of this number can !
be made available for military pur
poses is hard to determine, but ccr- !
tainly a large per cent can assist ma-1
terially to relieve the nursing situation |
at home.
Call for 25,000
For Military Use
"In the meantime training schools in !
this country this year are graduating i
13,000 new nurses, and since our en
trance into the war in 1917 enrolment
in nurses' training schools has in-j
creased 25 per cent. Next year's grad- ':
uating classes will be much larger than
those of this year, and after that this I
country will be releasing yearly for
service about 18,000 nurses every !
twelve months.
"The call from Surgeon General
Gorgas, of the United States Army, and
Admiral Braisted, of the navy, is for
25,000 nurses to look after our wound?
ed and sick soldiers and sailors. With
this number enlisted there will be left
to look after civilian health in this !
country approximately 90,000 graduate
trained nurses. Of this number 10 per;
cent, or 9,000, are not equal to mili- '
tary service; but this does not mean
that they are unequal to civilian
; "In addition to this number there will
I be in another month 13,000 nurses just
graduated, or in all 103,000 trained
nurses subject to civilian call in addi?
tion to the 127,000 or more who have
had more or less complete nursing ex- ;
The day has passed when wealthy I
families should feel themselves justi- ;
fied in employing from one to three
trained nurses. Mothers can help the
cause by releasing from their employ
nurses whose household duties are not
concerned with watching over the ail?
ments of their charges, but merely
with the offices that could be as well
performed by any other reliable
woman, if necessary a practical nurse. ;
How many old ladie3 and wealthy I
spinsters enjoying the best of health
will heed the call of patriotism and (
relinquish their favorite companion to
the needs of the day?
Another valuable source from which
recruits may be drawn is the retired
nurse. They can do their bit by en- !
rolling with the Red Cross as "home
defence" nurses, while the married
nurse can perform a service by making
herself a help to the people of her
i community. ;
Meanwhile still another available
source is reported as remaining un?
tapped?the five or six hundred colored
nurses that have not been called to
active service.
The Question
Of Colored Nurses
About two years ago a New York
doctor, who was an attending physician
at Bellevue Hospital when she was su
intendent of nurses there, went to
Washington to see Miss Delano, of the
Red Cross, in behalf of the colored
nurses. At the time Miss Delano
promised that she would arrange to
have them accepted. As a result of
the interview a colored unit was
formed, known as the Lincoln Base
Hospital Unit. About ten months after
its establishment it was dissolved
without explanation.
Last August a letter ?rom Miss
Delano was sent to the colored nurses
asking them to enroll for service at
the proposed base hospital at Des
Moines, and to recommend a chief
nurse. The nurses enrolled and a
chief nurse was suggested. No further
word was received from Washington.
In September another letter came
from Miss Delano asking for the names
of about twenty of the very best col-1
ored nurses, so that applications might ;
be forwarded to them. The names
were sent in, but there was no reply.
On May 10, 1918, a prominent col?
ored nurse sent a telegram to Miss
Delano and als-o to the surgeon gen- .
eral asking about the outlook for the ?
admission of six colored nurses to the j
Red Cross. The reply from Miss De-'
la?o stated that the Red Cross was i
entirely willing to enroll colored
nurses, but that no accommodations !
had been made by the surgeon gen
eral. The reply from the surgeon gen- j
eral was to the effect that there were !
no accommodations for colored nurses, I
but that It would be advisable for them
to keep in touch with the Red Cross.
Meanwhile it is of the utmost im-?
portance that while war has opened!
many new occupations to women that!
had hitherto been denied them they
should realize that they can perform
a patriotic service of a high order by
fitting themselves to serve in a pro?
fession which has belonged par excel?
lence to women since the beginning of
th.? world--Ox* ygf?jiioa si nuxalog.
June Reduction Sale of
Women's Chiffon Taffeta Suits
Modish, beautifully-made models taken from our regular stock of high-priced silk
Suits and materially reduced in price to
.Most of the Suits arc navy blue and black, though there arc a few taupe, Copenhagen blur, plum
color and Pek?n blue ones in the collection. The size-range is complete from 32 to 42. The jackets
are all lined with soft peau de cygne.
Siik Jersey Suits, $24.75
A stunning new belted model, with shaw! or satin' ?ir,.3V io #&??.? o
" in Belgian, white, rose, beige, ? Distinctive models in heitre, green, Pekin or Joffrc
collar effect, comes .
peach, black, gold and Joffre
Wool Jersey and Linen Suits
$16.50 to $24.75
LMMini u\e naiucn mi ucigc, giccii, riM.i \j?
Mue, taupe, natural, russet. Belgian and white.
:-? ond floor, Central Buildtni
Clearance of Women's Sweaters
Shetland Wool
Fibre Silk
Form erly
$5.96 to $8.96
In fact, some of the Sweaters in this clearance group of 150 were even hiyher
Seventy of the Sweaters are soft Shetland wool and zephvr slip-over stvles, In sleeveless, purled
waist and fishtail effects; some with brushed wool collars.
All sizes in this group; though not in every style.
The rest of the offering comprises handsome Fibre Silk Sweaters in coat style, with shawl collar
and sash; in a fair assortment of sizes and colors. Second floor, centrai Building.
, Here A re Several Thousand More
Yards of Printed Voiles at 29c Yd.
Following the great demand last Monday for these Voiles at this low price, which is from 10c.
to 20c. less than their regular prices, we induced the converter to send us another shipment. They are
from 38 to 10 inches wide and in all the season's newest designs and colors.
45-in. Bordered Voiles at 49c. a Yard, Which Is A New Shipment of Gingham Tissues at 49c. Yd.
, Ha,f The'r Re?u,ar Pric<! ! One of the popular hot weather fabric in a fin?
A limited quantity of these high-class novelties with : assortment of woven plaids in wonderful coioring3,
solid bands of woven stripes in a variety of beautiful ! and combinations,
colors on a fine count voile. Street floor, West Building.
Water-Spot-Proof Foulard, $1.98 Yd.
Our Season's Best Foulard Offer
We have been selling this grade in our stock at $2.49 a yard, and we think it is a fine value at that
price. It is 40 inches wide and all-silk, the product of two of the leading makers of foulard in this country.
Polka dots and ligures on navy blue and black grounds.
Hindu Crepe, $1.98 Yd., from $3,49
40 "nches wide. In a semi-rough weave, and printed
in new end clever designs. An original fabric brought
out this season by a well-known maker. An ideal silk
for Summer.
Black All-Silk Satin, $1.79 Yd., from $1.98
35 i.iches wide. For bathing suits and dresses.
Imported Black Taffeta, $1.98, from $2.25
35 inches wide. French chiffon taffeta; one of the
finest grades made by a French manufacturer.
Street floor, Livingston strict, West Building.
"Success" All-Steel Refrigerators
At Specially Reduced Prices
These fine Refrigerators, built entirely of galvanized steel throughout, meet perfectly the three im?
portant requirements of an icebox?sanitation, economy in ice and ease in cleaning. They are conveniently
arranged, are efficiently insulated and white enameled inside and out.
To introduce them to more Brooklyn households we offer them at these special prices:
Cottage Style
Deptli I- e Cap Reg
.'?v In. G? lbs
57 In.
(?3 in.
Apartment House Style
Width Deptli Ice cap.
i V? m.
m<) lt.:
4 1 i il.
-1 In.
$35.25 $30.40
M2.D8 W..9*
ti-J.'ji iH.'M
$49.'.is 94-1.98 14$ In. 25 In. 18% in. 100 Iba
18V4 In. 125 lbs. $67.45 $50.00 51 in. 27 in. 20% In. 125 lbs
Quantities of some sizes are limited; so early selection is advised.
Subway floor, East Building,
For e
27x5 4
8 x9
Cx 9
Log Cabin Rag Rugs
Below Present Wholesale Prices
We are selling these excellent Summer Rugs actually less than what the wholesaler is asking to-dav
xample, the market-price of a 9x12 Rug is $ 13.7 5, while we are asking $13.50.
These Log Cabin Rag Rugs are the best of their kind and come in plain and mixed centres with con
ng band borders.
Crex Grass Rugs
In both the regular weave and the
famous De Luxe.
2 x G ft.$2.2.'? and S3.2.ri
4'/ix 7% ft.$4.45 and ?6.75
6 x 9 ft.?K.35 and *U.00
8 x!0 ff.$8.85 and 51?.00
9 xl2 ft.$10.95 and $14.54?
Small Sizes
* Room Sizes
Fibre Rugs
The Ratiania and Bo
pleasing range of pattenii
4'jxl'a ft.
7*&X 9
f 11.75
Marie Antoinette Grass Rugs
From Japan, exquisite U'signs and
3 X1 (I
ft. W.50
Third floor, Lust Building;.
All-Wool Dress Serge, $1.59, from $1.98. Floor Lamps, $8.49, Regularly $11.98.
Street floor. Livingston Street, West Building. Third floor. Central Building.
Hemmed Sheets of Bleached Muslin, l^s yards,: pa?r8 of Women, Low.Hee, p t $3 ?
$1.25 each. Subway floor. V> est Budding. p^ Second floor. We.t Budding
Hand-Mad? Filet Laces, 73c to $9.00 a iard.
Street floor. Central Building.
Voile Flouncings at 98c and $1.25 a Yard.
Street floor, Centra! Building.
White Poplin, 49c a Yard, from 59c.
Street floor. Central Building.
Bed Spreads at $4.35 and $4.75 each.
Subwaj floor. West Building.
-Surf Cloth, 89c a Yard. Regularly 98c.
Lining Store, Street floor, Central Building.
Havana "Cadet" Cigars, Tins of 25 at 89c.
Street floor. Men's Shop, Bast Building
Sample Stamped Luncheon Sets. 4Sc.
Third floor. Central Building.
A Special Lot of Men's Flannel Shirts at $2.75 each.
Street floor. East Building.
Pure Linen Satin Damask Table Cloths, 2 yards
Square, at $6.98 each. Street floor. East Building.
Pearl Bead Necklaces, at $1.35, from $1.85.
Street floor. Central Building.
Women's Cotton and Lisle Stockings, slightly iinper
1,000 Mahogany-and-Glass Serving Trays, at 98c.
Subway l|t>or. Hast Bullding.
American Porcelain Dinner Sets. 50 Pieces, at $6.98,
from $8.98. Subway floor. Central Building.
Cut-Glass Water Sets, $7.49, from $9.98_.
Subway floor. Centra! Building.
A. & S. Beef, Iron and Wine, 52c, from 66c.
Street floor. Last Building.
Boys' Wash Suits, at $2.19.
Seeond floor. West Building.
American Lady Corsets, $1.98.
Second floor. Lust Building.
Sleeveless Sport Coats for Women, *8.J6 to $16.95.
Second floor, ""Vitral Building.
300 Tub Silk Petticoats, $2.49 each.
Second floor. East Building.
Shaded Grey Wavy Transformations, $3.95.
Fifth floor, Centra! Building.
Sale of Panama Hats, Trimmed, $2.95; Untrimmed,
feet, at 19c. Pair. Street floor. Central Building. j $1.39. Mezzanine floor. Central Building
Santa Clara Valley Prunes?25 lb. boxea at $3.64 Sale of r de chine an<1 Georirette Crepe Blouses.
U. S. Food Administration license Number G030/S. ?2?,? ? ,?,? ?. *? ; ? ?*.
Third floor. West Building. 9?.vo. Second Ooor^Eaet Building.
Women's Cotton Dresses, at $3.95 to $7.98. Silk
Dresses, at $13.75 to $19.75.
Second floor. Central Building.
Women's New Washable Skirts at $1.85 to $4.95. In
Regular and Extra Sizes.
Second floor. Centra) Building
Watch for the Very Important TUESDAY BARGAINS
Which Are NOT ADVERTISED, but May Be Recognized by Special
Signs Displayed in Various Departments Throughout the Store.

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