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ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER
TISE?) IN THE TRIBUNE
Vol. LXXVm No. 26,lg3
Editorials - Advertisements
Fair to-day and to-motw: diminiith
ing northwest wind?.
Fan Re-port on Pa?? 7
The. Trihune Ass'nl
MONDAY, .TUNE 24, 1918
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TWOtEWTB?wtthta ?oBUB?Ui?g ?iMaiiM | Elserwherr
ustrians Hurled Acre
Foe Loses All Gains
7ss Piaoe in Disorder;
From Montello to Se<
May Be Lost
As Ally by
Refusal to Permit Ca?
nadian Loan to Tinoco
Is Blow to Amer?
Cause Is Aided
Republic That Declar?
ed War on Germany
Now in Strange
By Carter Field
<Special Dispatch to The Tribune)
(?Wright, 191S. by The Tribune Aas'p.
WASHINGTON, June 23.?In its
determination to throttle the pro
Ally administration of Federico
Tinoco, President of Costa Rica, the
main reliance of the American State
Department lies in money.
The State Department has already
prevented, through diplomatic press?
ure, the Royal Bank of Canada
from financing this little country.
The mere wiliingnese of the Cana?
dian Bank proves the intense desire
of the British Empire to maintain a
friendly government in this strate?
gically important though small na?
tion, and prevent what it knows to
lie not only a pro-German, but a
German, faction from regaining the
control it exercised up until Janu?
ary, 1917, under the administration
of President Alfredo Gonzalez.
Just at present any diversion of
considerable sums of money for any
purpose not distinctly connected
with winning th* war is frowned on
more severely by Great Britain than
lias so far been the case in the
R?sum? of Situation
A resume of the Costa Rican situ?
ation shows the following:
On January 1, 1917, the Germans
were in control in Costa Rica. They
were spreading propaganda, piling
up stores of raw materials for after
the war trade, and actually seeking
to make trouble in Panama and
Nicaragua, Costa Rica's neighbors
to the south and north, respectively.
In a crisis provoked by the refu?
sal of the Secretary of War, Fed?
erico Tinoco, to invade Panama at
the order of the German controlled
President, Alfredo Gonzalez, Gonza?
lez fled and Tinoco assumed power.
An election was then held, pre?
sided over by five ex-presidents of
the country, not' one of whom had
served as President less than four
years. Tinoco received a majority
amounting to 12 to 1, although
there was no disorder and no evi?
dence of coercion or corruption.
Gonzalez was permitted to escape
to the United States, where he told
President Wilson the American in?
terests had driven him out. The
President is said to have assured
Gonzalez he would never recognize
Tlnofo Offered Porti to United States
Within six days of the declaration
of war on Germany by the United
States Tinoco offered the ports and
waters of his country to the United
States. The value of this offer, when
the necessity of protecting the Pana?
it Canal is considered, and when
the attitude of the two nearest
neighbors of the canal to the South,
Colombia and Venezuela, is given
thought, it is a very tangible thing.
. Finding that the Germans were
conspiring to restore Gonzalez,
Tinoco arrested some of them, and
?ailed a special session of Congress,
which, on September 21, 1917, sev
*Kd diplomatic relations with Ger?
The German propagandists offered
to Tinoco to lend his government
the tame amount of money which
the Royal Bank of Canada was will
!??f to lend until the American Stat?
"?partment prevented it, providing
Vonfinued on Page U, Column 2
I Suffrage Will Pass, I
Says Mrs. C. C. Catt
_ . i
(Special DUpatcK to The Tribune) '
WASHINGTON, June 28.?The
woman suffrage amendment will
pass the Senate on Thursday next
unless the anti forces resort to
filibustering tactics to effect a post?
ponement, according to a statement
issued here to-day by Mrs. Carrie
Chapman Catt, president of the na?
"Our poll is confidential," said
Mrs. Catt, "and our pledges have
always been carefully guarded, but
I may say that we feel ccrtaiq of
a sufficient number of votes to put
the amendment through.
"The interest in its passage has
developed in great intensity within
the past few weeks, not only at
home, but, what is far more sig?
nificant, throughout the world. We
have received letters of inquiry,
congratulations over the progress
made, and condolences because ac?
tion had not been more prompt in
the Senate, from all over the world.
These have come from countries as
unrelated as China and Portugal.
"Thvi last of these was received
yesterday from the Council of
Women in New ? Zealand, where
women have voted on equal terms
with men for many years."
U.S. Ship Sunk |
By Tanker; 2161
Saved, 1 Killed
Former German Gunboat
Geier Rammed by Steamer
Off North Carolina
AN ATLANTIC PORT, June 23 ?
Captain W. D. Wells and '215 member?
of the crew of the ?. S. S. Schurz
reached this port to-day, bringing word
j that their ship, the former German
gunboat Geier, had been sunk in col- ;
: lision with the tank steamer Florida off
I the coast of North Carolina early Fri
I day morning One member of the
i Schurz's crew was killed and six in?
jured in the crash. The tanker was
I practically undamaged.
The officers and men of the Schurz
! were brought here on an American
| steamer which answered the frantic
| "S O S" calls sent out. The sailors
were all barefoot and were insuffi
ciently clad, many of them being taken
j ashore in blankets procured on th?*
' rescuing liner.
! The survivors were rushed ashore in
? government tenders when the liner
reached here, the injured being taken
i to a naval hospital, suffering from
; fractured arms and legs. The sailors
J were ordered not to discuss the col?
lision, but passengers on the liner
which picked them up gave a thrilling
story of the before-dawn rescue.
Liner Hears "S O S"
It was ?1 o'clock last Friday morning
when the liner picked up the first wire?
less call for help from the Schurz, off
Cape Lookout, N. C. Sending encourag?
ing answers, the liner raced for the
I scene of the accident, reaching it in
half an hour.
The first the sleeping passengers on
i the liner knew of what was taking place
1 was when their ship stopped suddenly
; and they heard shouts and running on
; deck. Their first thoughts were that a
! U-boat was attacking, and they rushed
1 from their berths in semi-panic. "
What they saw, in the dim light be
: fore daybreak, startled them as much
as if a German submersible had been
: in the offing. They saw two ?team
ships close by, one with a huge gash
; in her side, and rapidly sinking, the
| other standing by. They saw men
floating in the water, swimming about,
; while others clustered on life rafts
' and filled life-boats which had been
launched in time.
Two of the liner's boats were lowered
' in jig time, and for two hours, the work
of rescue went on, while the Schurz
kept dipping her nose deeper into the
water. Just as all the survivors had
I been taken on board, the Schurz
! plunged suddenly and disappeared. Her
men and officers, lining the steamer's
rail, watched her go in silence.
Roll call revealed the fact that one
j man, Manuel Gouveia, jr., of Honolulu,
; a fireman, was missing. It was re
! ported that he had been killed at the
? time of the collision, when a flying iron
? pin was driven through his head, and
! his body lost when the Schurz sank.
One of the officers, who had been
' picked up from the wit**r, where he
? had been found floating on a preserver,
i was discovered to have several ribs
j hroken, but the casualties were con?
sidered miraculously light, this being
due in largo part to the speedy rescue.
As it wao, a number of the men saved
themselves by leaping from the ill
fated Schurz to the deck of the ram
r.-ing tanker, while the two vessels were
locked.. As the Florida backed away,
following the crash, the hole in the
Schurz's side filled rapidly, and she
began to sink, some of her crew jump?
ing overboard before the lifeboats
could bo mt.nned. ?
Once Flew German Flag
The collision to the Schurz formed a
dramatic finis to the career of the ves?
sel which, while flying the German en?
sign, dashed into Honolulu Harbor in
Continued on Page 5, Column U
Seen in Creel's
Ban on Film
Threat of Seizure Prevents
Presentation at Broadway
of "Yanks Are Coming"
Reel Showed Strides
In ?ero Construction!
Lawyer Charges 13 Former
Hearst Employes Passed
"The Yanks Are Coming," a widely
advertised film showing American air-1
plane activities, was barred from its
first run at the Broadway Theatre last
night by order of the Creel Committee
on Public Information in Moving Pict- ;
ure Matters. I
James M. Sheen, of Stanchfield & j
Levy, attorneys for the Universal Film
Company, which produced the picture,
charged in an announcement from the
stage that the committee had been in?
spired in its action by William Ran?
He asserted that the airplane com?
pany at whose instigation the pictures
were made had been told that its big
government contract would be jeop?
ardized if the film was displayed. In
support of his accusation against
Hearst, Mr. Sheen said that thirteen of
the members of the committee which
ordered the suppression of the picture
were former Hearst employes.
Creel Assumes Responsibility
Mr. Creel lata-Jast night made the
following statement: j
? "No one has any responsibility in
connection with these proceedings save
myself. All others spoke and acted
under direct instructions from me.
"The pictures were not stopped. It
was simply the case that I refused to
r-asp. the film as 'Officially Approved.'
This refusal was due to the fact that
in no instance had a single rule of the
voluntary motion picture censorship
been carried out, but that every step
had been marked by disregard and
even defiance of established procedure.
"The committee stood hi the position
of allowing the whole voluntary cen?
sorship to be shattered by the greed of
one company, also of letting one com- !
pany have valuable privileges refused
to every other company."
Poster Placed in Lobby
At 8:30 last night the following
poster was displayed in the lobby of
"THE YANKS ARE COMING"
Advertised To Be Shown Here
Stopped by the
| CREEL-HEARST COMMITTEE
The first two lines of the sign were
in red, the second two in blue. "Creel
Hearst Committee" was painted in
C. R. Byoir, former circulation man?
ager of the Cosmopolitan Magazine, a
Hearst publication, and now Associate ?
Chairman of the Creel committee, and |
Frank Atkins, office manager of the ;
airplane company, engaged in a rather i
heated argument in the lobby.
Mr. Byoir declared that the Creel
committee had not ordered the picture
| to be suppressed, but had merely noti?
fied the airplane company that the
committee would not jrrant a govern
! ment permit to show it.
Mr. Atkins declared that Mr. Byoir
had told him the picture could not be
"I did not tell you that," declared
"That is what you said," answered
"The picture was taken without a
government permit and divulges cer
; tain military secrets," said Mr. Byoir.
I "That is the reason it is being closed.
! It is a rule of 'the Atorney General
Continued on next page, Column 5
Former Hearst Men |
In Creel Film Bureau
Following are the active members
of the Creel Committee of Public
Information in Moving Ficture Mat?
ters, who, says R. H. Cochrane, vice
president of the Universal Film
Company, were formerly employes
of William Randolph Hearst, to?
gether with the branch of the
Hearst organization in which they
Charles S. Hart, director, formerly
on Hearst newspapers.
Carl Byoir, formerly an editor of
Edgar Sisson, formerly of "Cos?
J. A. Berst, formerly of "Hearst
H. C. Hoagland. formerly of
E. B. Hatrick, formerly of Inter?
national Film Service.
Mr. Hubbell, formerly of "H?arst
Lew Simons, formerly of "Hearst
R. L. Hall, formerly of Hearst
Mr. Donohue, formerly of "Hearst
C. F. Van Arsdale, formerly of
G, A. Smith, formerly of "Hearst
__ ? i
Americans Who Fled As-i
sert Discontent Is Spread- !
... .. ing in Armies
Discontent at the shortage of food
has spread from the civilian popula?
tion of Germany to the fighting men
\vho make up the field-gray waves, and
the rumblings of revolt arc becoming
louder and louder, according to a little
band of American men and women who
reached this country yesterday almost
directly from Germany. None of the
Americans had been in Germany less
than five years, and all had the great?
est difficulty in getting out.
A man of eighty-four, Frederick
William Wurzburg, of Grand Rapids,
Mich., was one of the Americans who
returned. He was accompanied by his j
wife and three daughters, Olga, Doro?
thy and Elsie. i
The family went to Switzerland in
1912 to give the daughters a chance
to complete their education. Just be- j
fore the war started they moved to
Godesburg, a German town on the
Rhine, between Bonn and Coblentz.
They confidently expected the conflict
j to end in six months, and stayed on
j until it was too late to get out. For
almost four years they tried in vain !
to -jet back home. \
Tells Remarkable Story
Miss Olga Wurzburg, eldest of the j
.laughters, told a remarkable story of j
' actual conditions and the state of I
! mind of tlvj German soldier, who has:
? been battling on insufficient food. ;
i Through her knowledge of German she j
I was able to converse with the men,?
\vho did not know she was American,]
and they freeely expressed their grow
"It won't be long before Germany
has to face a revolt, unless food con- ;
| ciitions among the common, soldiers i
nre much improved," said Miss Wurz
I burg. "The people and the soldiers:
! are very impatient and the morale
! generally is deteriorating.
"Six months ago I was a patient in
the St. Marcus hospital at Codesburg.
I There were a number of soldiers there.
Continued on Page J,, Column 6
Wilson Authorizes Hoover
To Increase Wheat Prices
WASHINGTON, June 23.? Blanket
authority to increase the price of wheat
at primary and other market?, with the
approval of Food Administrator Hoover,
above the $2.20 a bushel minimum price
guaranteed by Presidential proclama?
tion last February 21 is given the Food
Administration Grain Corporation in
New York by an executive order of the
President. The order, issued under
authority of the food control laws, was
made public to-day by Mr. Hoover.
To carry out tho purposes of the or?
der the corporation is authorized to in
? crease its capital stock from 560,000,
000 to $150,000,000, in shares of a par
value of $100 each. All the stock will
bo owned by the government, and will
be purchased by the food administra?
tion from timo to time as the necessity
arises to maintain the present $2.20
price and any increases authorized.
While no ?xolanatioo of the order
was giveVi, either at the food admin?
istration or the White House, two con?
siderations were believed to have in?
fluenced the President's decision to per?
mit the grain corporation to pay higher
prices for wheat. Trie first was the in?
creased freight rates which will become
effective Tuesday. Growers mu3t bear
this increase, and without an advance
in the price of wheat their profits would
be materially reduced.
The second was believed to be the
situation resulting from the deadlock
in Congress over the Senate's amend?
ment to the annual agricultural appro?
priation bill increasing the minimum
guaranteed price for wheat to $2.50 a
The House has refused to accept the
amendment and the Senate is to vote on
it again this week. In some quarters
to-night it was believed that the Presi?
dent's action would be a factor in in?
fluencing the Senate to recede from the
Allied Aid Would Make
Country Factor in War,
New Party to Rule,
Is Belief of Writer
Former Admirer of Bolshe
viki Returns Vigorously
Opposed to Them
"Russia is to-day looking to Allied
intervention as her only salvation. I
speak for nine-tenths of the people
when I say that?for every one except j
the Bolsheviki and the other thieving
tribes in control.
"Russia now stands broken down,
dismembered, bleeding and starving
The Bolshevik government is collaps?
ing?its leaders are at the end of their
rope. Russia is waiting for some one
stronger than herself to come and lift
her up. If the Allies intervene in
time Russia may yet be a factor in the
Herman Bernstein, editor and writer,
who went to Russia six months ago to
get the truth about the Bolsheviki, in i
these wordB summed up his findings ?
when he reached New York yesterday.
Mr. Bernstein's low estimate of the
Lenine-Trotzky r?gime of misrule is
all the more remarkable, as he went
abroad with a strong leaning toward
the Bolsheviki. He declared that he
wanted to get the truth, and he got ?
enough of it to make him the most i
rabid anti-Bolshevik extant.
The 7 editor declared that if the I
Allies did not. step in the Bolsheviki j
w?ttld be overthrown anyway by a new
parw which is being formed. ? <
"This party, of considerable strength, I
represents the educated class and the i
non-extremist branch of the working ;
class," said Mr. Bernstein. "There may j
be even worse anarchy for a time than
at present; then there will be sanity,
brought in by this vew party.
"The Russian people are coming to
realize that the Bolsheviki are exer?
cising a dictatorship over the -working
classes, not over the bourgeoisie. The
Bolsheviki are composed of working
people and sailors who are either too
ignorant or too well paid to object to
the way the Germans arc getting the
country into their poxver.
"As for the majority of the people,
they would welcome intervention glad?
ly. They expect it and hope for it. It
would unite them and make them an im
1 portant factor in the war. To-day the
Bolsheviki are practically working with
the Germans, who can take Petrograd
any time they want."
Mr. Bernstein gave numerous in?
stances of the reign of lawlessness
which is Bolshevik Russia. He said
that the Red Guard looted and robbed, I
breaking even into hotel rooms. In :
the streets of Moscow and Petrograd |
no person was safe, he said. Arrest ?
was as good as death, as prisoners :
were in most cases shot on the way to i
the courts of justice. Theatrical per- |
formalices for the evening started at 5
and ended at 8, so people could seek
the safety of their homes before night
fell. ' I
The fact that Prince Lvoff, former i
Premier, has been in prison for several j
months past was also revealed casually
by Mr. Bernstein, to illustrate the !
working of the Trotsky brand of jus-1
A man by the name of Lvoff, no re
lation to the Premier, was arrested and
imprisoned in Petrograd. Immediately!
the Premier, who had retired to the se?
clusion of his country estate, thou-1
sands of miles away, was taken by the !
local authorities and thrown into jail, j
The only reason for his incarceration
was the coincidence of names.
When the Central Soviet was ap?
prised of Prince Lvoff's arrest, Mr.
Bernstein said, orders were given for
his release. The local authorities, in
i true anarchistic manner, answered,
? "We'll have to investigate first." When
Mr. Bernstein left Russia he said they :
were still investigating and the former
Premier was still in a cell.
Baron Sergius A. Korff, formel' As?
sistant Governor General of Finland,
who also arrived in New York yes?
terday, said that the only chance for
Russia lay in the downfall of the Bol?
shevik government, to be succeeded by
one responsible to the people, prefer?
ably a constitutional, democratic gov?
ernment, modelled on a federation like
the United States.
Baron Korff, whose wife, the daugh?
ter of Rear Adimral Van Rypen, U. S.
X. (retired), preceded him by several;
months to this country, was driven out '?
of Finland when the Bolsheviki gained
power in Russia. He spent the winter
in Stockholm arranging his affairs.
"The Bolsheviki are coming to the
end of their tether,' said Barcn Korff
before leaving for Washington. "L??
nine and Trotsky have done all they
could to ruin the country. Russia is
absolutely under the control and in the
power of Germany.
"I will not say that Germany en?
gineered the Bolshevik revolution, but
she took a chance and saw she could?
ruin Russias military power by helping
the Bolshevik decay. Now, there is
only one chance for Russia?get rid of
j the Bolsheviki. If that was done Russia
could yet play a part in the war. As
for Germany's organizing the Russian
army to fight against the Allies, that
will never happen."
John Tyer, another American who
escaped from Finland, with his wife,
duplicated the experience of Mr. Bern?
stein in passing from Russia to the
Scandinavian countries. Both men were
' held up by Red and White guards, and
Continued on Page 3,' Column 5
British Tanks in First Raid
Harass Enemy for 2 Hours
(By The Associated Press)
WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IN FRANCE, June 23.?During
the night the British conducted a raid near Bucquoy with tanks, which
had never been used for raiding purposes before. The big engines went
over the top shortly before midnight, followed by infantry.
The riflemen met with strong opposition and were held up by a
heavy machine gun fire, but the tanks proceeded on their business and
for two hours trundled about the enemy territory, leaving the mark of
their guns wherever they went.
What casualties were inflicted on the enemy are not certain, but
the tanks did good execution and prisoners were brought back-.
Soviets to End j
War on Czechs
Allied Request Rejected;
Bolsheviki Insist Upon
(By The Associated Press)
MOSCOW, June 13.?In connection
with the unfavorable reply of the Bol?
shevik, government to the request of
the Entente Allies to cease military op?
erations against the Czecho-Slovaks,
The Associated Press to-day inter?
viewed Foreign Minister Tchitcherin.
He stated that the Soviet government
would not change th? course it had
taken against them.
fThis is the first news of the Entente
action, although it would appear to
have been taken some days ago.]
! "There is no other way left to deal with
them but compulsory disarmament,"
said the Foreign Minister. "They have
been counter revolutionaries since the
' days of the Kiev Rada, when they con?
spired against the Soviet government,
as documents in our possession prove,
and there can be no compromise be?
tween us and counter revolutionaries."
It appears that the government's un?
yielding position also is due to the pro?
tests of Siberian Bolsheviki against the
movement of the Czecho - Slovaks
toward Siberia. The Siberians threaten
violence against the Czecho-Slovaks if
they are allowed to proceed, regarding
. them as dangerous and potential allies
of General Semenoff, leader of the anti
| Bolshevik forces in Siberia.
Chinese Force Back
Gen, Orloff's Troops
To Echor, Manchuria \
(By The Associated Press)
HARBIN, Manchuria, June 21.?The !
Chinese have compelled the with- ;
draw-al of the Russian General Orloff's
troops on the Poghanitchnaya front to
Echor, Manchuria. It, is estimated that ;
the total force of the Bolsheviki at
Xikolik is between 2,500 and 3,000 red
guards, including Czech deserters and
German prisoners armed with field and
A story of the fighting of the Czecho
Slavs and the Red Guard at Irkutsk
early in June has reached here. A
trainload of Czechs, armed with rifles
and hand grenades, arrived in Irkutsk.
It was immediately surrounded by 200
members of the Red Guard, who gave
the Czechs fifteen minutes to sur?
render. Before the expiration of the
time the train was fired upon with
machine guns from the windows of the
station and fifteen men were killed
and fifteen wounded.
The Czechs then charged with hand
grenades and disarmed the Bolsheviki,
capturing six machine guns and 200
! rifles. The Soviet government sent re
i inforcements of 600' Red Guards and
; more machine guns and also armored
cars, which the Czechs defeated and
1 Meantime a body of Czechs, hearing
the firing, came from Voennix. While
crossing the Angara Bridge they were
? fired on by Austrians from a former
i prisoner camp. The Czechs charged
! the camp, killing a number of persons.
j They then searched the barracks and
j unearthed six wagon loads of arms,
j which had been distributed to prison?
ers by General von Taube.
Two days later the Czechs captured
the arsenal and main battery and were
in a position to issue an ultimatum
to the Soviets, demanding complete
disarmament of the war prisoners and
control of the railway, but the allied
consuls at Irkutsk demanded that the
' Czechs return the captured arms to the
Soviet and give up ?their own arms to
the Soviet, which guaranteed them pro?
tection and transportation to Vladi?
vostok. A compromise was arranged
through the consuls.
Colonel George H. Emerson, former
general manager of the Great Northern
Railway, says tpe Trans-Siberian Rail?
way from Krasnoiarsk eastward re?
mains in the control of the Czechs,
but that the stations are nominally in
the hands of the Red Guards. Colonel
j Emerson says the fighting has been due
? to the fact that the Czech soldiers in
| Russia have been detained by order of
I Leon Trotzky, the Bolshevik War Min
i ister. He says there are 38,000 Czechs |
I in Russia r.roper, 18,000 in Siberia '
Continued on Page S, Column 1
Franco - American Opera
tions Within the Next Ten !
Months Are Discussed
PARIS, June 23.?Premier Clemen?
ceau passed the day at American head?
quarters. He was accompanied by
Captain Andre Tardieu, the French
High Commissioner to the United \
States and recently appointed head of ;
the new department for Franco-Amer- j
! ican cooperation in the war.
They lunched with General Pershing
and afterward inspected the American '
An important military conference ?
was held. Among those present were I
M. Clemenceau, General Pershing, Gen- !
eral Foeh-twho came-especially for~tne'
occasion), Captain Tardieu, Major I3?n- ?
eral S. M?cAndrew a?d Generals Mor
dacq and Weggand.
Questions concerning Franco-Ameri
? can cooperation were discussed and the
! measures to be taken within the next
I few months in concert were talked
j over. Complete agreement was reached
! on all points.
? The troops quartered where the in- ;
spection was held belong to a division
which landed less than a week ago.
They were presented to M. Clemenceau
by General Pershing and Major Gen?
eral MacAndrew. The magnificent
bearing of the men and their perfect
training strongly impressed the Pre?
mier, who chatted with them and real?
ized for himself their desire to get into
the line as early as possible and their
determination to win.
General Pershing hastily gathered
the officers of the regiment in the can?
tonment when Premier Clemenceau ar?
rived. The Premier spoke a few words
to the officers expressive of the great
confidence of France in the men from
; overseas and of thanks for the aid she
i was receiving from America at the d?
i cisive hour of the struggle for the lib
: erty of the world.
The Premier then spoke to the vil?
lagers who had assembled when the
news of his presence became known
rnd mingled with the American boI
? diers who crowded around him. The
Premier explained to the people <vhat
America was doing in order to bring
its greatest strength to the aid of the
i Allies with the maximum of rapidity.
Brilliant, Say French
Of U.S. Raid at Xivray
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
I FRANCE, June 23.?The French gen?
erals commanding the army and corps
j with which the Americans are fighting
; in the Toul sector have congratulated
! the division on its fine work last Sun
! day at Xivray. The general command
! ing the army says:
"I am happy to acknowledge the fine
conduct of the American units in the
course of the action, the spirit of
initiative and general grasp of the sit?
uation as shown by the decisions of the
commanding officers and the stubborn?
ness of the defence and the sharpness
of the attack as shown by the partici
I The order of the general command?
ing the corps says:
"The brilliant action does the great?
est honor to the division and demon?
strates unquestionably the superiority
of the American soldier over the Ger?
man. It shows clearly what can be ex?
pected from these magnificent troops
when, in its turn, the Entente assumes
! the offensive."
| Y. M. C ?TWorkers
Brave Shells to Aid
PARIS, June 23.?Several Y. M. C. A.
workers on the American front north?
west of Toul have been recommended
for citation for exemplary conduct in
the recent fight at Xivray.
Henry Wharton, of Chestnut Hill,
Philadelphia; Benton Johnston, of
Detroit, and Alfred Stokes, of Stam?
ford, Conn., joined stretcher bearers
and carried out wounded men under
fire or stood at the entrance of dress?
ing stations under fire giving wounded
soldiers drinks and lighted cigarettes.
In many cases, the doctors say, the
Y. M. C. A. workers gave the wounded
men the necessary stimulus to save
Gas sheiling is so constant and ac?
tive on the front that canteen work?
ers serve hours behind counters wear?
ing masks. Drivers of Y. M. C. A.
supply trucks are compelled to mask.
Charles R. Patterson, of the Univer?
sity of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, and
Homer Toulon, Philadelphia, kept a Y.
M. C. A tent running day and night
under a recent Germas bombardment
On 33 Miles;
Italy's Entire Losses in
Drive Only 40,000
Report of Battle
Prepares Public for
News of a Disaster;
on the West
! The beaten Austrian army yester
I day began a general withdrawal
across the Piave River from the
Montello to the sea. The enemy
troops retreated in disorder, the
Cut off from their supply bases by
flood and hard pressed by the
vigorous counter attacks of the
Italians, the stranded enemy
forces on the west bank began
1 the evacuation of all territory
i won in their great drive.
?The Italians renewed their attacks
against the Austrian line along
par?" of the front, totalling tmr
ty-t>.ree miles in .'?11, where the
enemy had succeeded in crossinj**
the Piave. On the Mont dio, in
the centre of the battle line, and
;:!ong the entire east wing i.h?
Italif n guns hammered tue re?
treating enemy. Infantry attacks
also harassed the enemy in his
As though to prepare the minds of
the Austrian people for bad news,
the Vienna war statement yester?
day laid emphasis on the heavy
rains on the Venetian plains and
high water on the Piave, which it
admitted had made difficult, th..
supplying of the Austrian forces
on the vest bank of the river.
The Austrian losses are now un?
officially placed at 1S0.000.
The Austrians are attempting to
cover defeat by falsifications, a
semi-official note from -?.orru
stated. The Austrian claim of a
total of 40,000 prisoners is re?
ported actually to represent the
total Italian losses in killed,
wounded and prisoners.
. West of Fugare, on the lower Piave.
the Austrians struck weak coun?
ter blows against the Italians, but
these were crushed by the Allied
Although the enemy is defeated, re?
newal of his blow is imminent,
Premier Orlando told the Italian
deputies. Already the concentra?
tion of enemy forces in Tyrol
and Trentino, on the mountain
front, is reported in preparation
for the next effort,
i On the western battlefront the Ger?
mans launched a surprise attack
against Mount Bligny, on .the
east wing of the Champagne sa?
lient. After gaining a foothold
the enemy was ejected by the
Italian units operating on this
section of the West front. The
Allied line was completely re?
| Near Bucquoy, southwest of Arra?-.
the British used t?nks for the
i first time in a trench raid. The
big machines proved a success in
their new r?le. For two hours'
they drove around, clearing out
the German positions.
\ Enemy Driven Back
Across Piave From
Montello to Sea
(By Ths Associated /Ve<*>
ITALIAN ARMY HEADQUAR?
TERS IN NORTHERN ITALY.
June 23.?From MonteP.o to the sea
the enemy has been defeated ard
forced by the Italian troops to croa?
the Piave in disorder.
ROME, June 28.?On the Piave
River front from the Montello to
the Adriatic the defeated Austro -
Hungarians are recrocs ng the river