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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 29, 1918, Image 5

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Senate Beats
Plan to Raise
Draft Age
Attempt to Put Limits at
20 and 40 Is Voted
Down Decisively
_. i
U. S. Can't Suoply j
5,000,000 Men Now
Neutrals to Lose Rights to
Citizenship if They
Claim Exemption
WASHINGTON, June 2S. - Immediate
extension of the present army draft age
limit?, twenty-one to thirty-one >cars,
was overwhelmingly defeated to-day in
the Senate. The amendment proposed
ly Senator Tall, of New Mexico, to the
ri2,000.000,OOC army appropriation bill
to make the limits twenty'and forty
years, and all compromise? suggested
fer different minimums and maximums
r-cre voted down.
Settlement of the controversy, which
has held Senate attention for several
days, cleared the way for passage of
the huge appropriation measure, prob?
ably to-morrow.
Besides disposing of the draft age
question the Senate adopted several'
important amendments to the bill. One '
authorized organization of the $100,-1
000,000 aircraft production corporation
jToposed by the Aircraft Production
Foard as a vehicle for coordinating
aircraft production as shipbuilding is
coordinated by the Shipping Board '
through the Emergency Fleet Corpora?
To Change Quota System
Other amendments accepted authorize !
the new plan of basing draft quotas i
on the number of men in Class 1, in- !
ttead of upon state populations and
affecting "rights of neutrals under the
draft law. The Senate p. evious had '?
adopted the draft quota legislation, but I
it has been held up in the House. !
The amendment affecting neutrals
provides that citizens of neutral coun
tries now subject to draft who have
? declared their intention of becoming,
American citizens shall not be eligible I
for citizenship if they claim exemption j
from the draft. This provision, offered J
by Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, was '
ndopted as a substitute for an amend- !
ment approved by the State Depart
ment providing for exemption from the
draft of all citizens of neutral coun
The question of extending the draft
?gc limits occupied almost all of the !
Senate session. A proposal by Senator j
Hardwick, of Georgia, that the present
minimum age limit of twenty-one |
years be substituted for the twenty-year ?
miqimum of the Fall amendment was
rejected^ 41 to 33, as was one by Sen?
ator Weeks, of Massachusetts, to make
the maximum age thirty-five years in?
stead of forty.
Proposals by Senator Brandegee,"of
Connecticut, to reduce the minimum
age to eighteen years and by Senator
New, of Indiana, to make military
training of youths between twenty and
twenty-one compulsory also were de?
Big Army Voted Down
Senator McCumber, of North Dakota,
advocated immediate organization of
an army of 5.000,000 men, which Chair?
man Chamberlain of the Military Com?
mittee declared was impossible. Sen?
ator Warren, of Wyoming, senior Re?
publican member of the Military Com?
mittee, declared Congress was handling
true draft question with "kid gloves and
not bare-handed," and that eighteen to
forty-five age limits are necessary.
In connection with the draft ques?
tion, Senator Johnson, of California,
announced that he would postpone un?
til the new army programme is submit?
ted his effort for legislation to give
states credit in future draft calls for
excess of man power furnished by vol?
untary enlistments.
Exemption of neutrals from the draft
evoked a brief controversy. Chairman
Chamberlain presented an amendment
which, he said, the State Department de?
sired enacted, providing for exemption
of neutral citizens. He said the present
provision of the draft law conflicts with
treaties between the United States and
Spain, Switzerland, Norway, Denmark
and Sweden, and that exemption from
American draft of their citizens was
regarded by the State Department as
of "pressing" importance. The Senate,
however, adopted the. Hitchcock substi?
Among minor amendments written]
Into the bill by the Senate was a pro?
vision that lack of college education
shall Rot deprive men of positions in
the aviation service. Another amend?
ment would require factory owners to
whom enlisted men are assigned in
making war materials to pay them reg?
ular wage scales, with their army pay
suspended during their industrial em?
Refuse to Set Age at 21
Preliminary to disposition of the
Fall amendment, the Senate voted
down, 41 to 33, an amendment by Sen?
ator Hardwick. of Georgia, to make the
minimum age limit twenty-one years,
as at present, instead of twenty, as
proposed by Senator Fall. A proposal
by Senator Weeks, of Massachusetts,
to make the maximum age thirty-five
years instead of forty, proposed in the
Fall amendment, was rejected on a
viva voce vote.
The vote on the Fall amendment fol?
For the Amendment
Johnson, of South Da-lWilliarrts.
kota. ! *
Brandege*. ! Lenroot.
Calder. Lodge.
Colt. McCumbrr.
Cummins. ?Nelson.
Curtis. i New.
Dillingham. ?Morris.
Kail PoindexUr.
France. Sherman.
Frelinghuyeen. Smoot.
Gallinger. ?Sterling.
Hale. ?Wadsworth.
Total, 25.
Against the Amendment
I Ashhurst. Overman.
Bankhead. Phelan.
! Beckham. Pittman.
; Chamberlain. Pomerene.
Fletcher. Ransdell.
Gerry. Robinson.
Gore. Shafroth.
Guion. Sheppard.
Hardwick. Shields.
Henderson. Simmons.
Hitchcock. Smith, of Arizona.
Hollis. Smith, of Maryland.
Kendrick. Smith, of South Caro
King. lina.
Kirby. Thomas,
Lewis. Thompson.
McKellar. Trammel].
Martin. Underwood.
Myers. Vardaman.
Nugent Wilfley.
Borah. McNary.
Fernald. Penrc??.
Gronna. Smith, of Michigan.
Johnson, of Cali- Sutherland,
fornia. Warren.
Total, 4P.
Speaking in support of the Fa
amendment, at the beginning of the d(
bate, Senator Cummins, of Iowa, said i
was unexplainable why War Departmei
officials should offer any opposition t
the proposal. Delay, he declared, mear
that men arc being sent into the arm
who should not go.
Senator McCumber, of North Dakot
advocated extending the draft so as 1
include all men between eighteen ar
forty-five years of age, and declared f<
an army of 5,000,000 immediately.
Can't Supply Five Million
Chairman Ch?tmberlain, of the Mil
tary Committee, said emphatically th:
the latter proposal was impracticabl
"We're not able now to clothe, an
train and otherwise equip 6,000,01
men," said Mr. ChamberiAin. He e
plained that, although personally favo
ing immediate extension of the dra
ages, he was accepting the statemen
of Secretary Baker and General Marc
Chief of Staff, that it was desirab
to postpone legislation because
problems of housing, training, armir
clothing and transportation.
Senator McCumber said cone?
ships would help the tonnage proble
but that before great production
these ships can begin "an everlasti
conspiracy against them" mvst be ov>
come. The Shipping Board, he sa
will not tfrke the responsibility
building concrete vessels unless
rected to do so by Congress and I
House Committee has left the mat
to the board's discretion.
Must Fill Gaps in Ranks
Allied lostes exceed 200,000 a mon
the number of American troops s<
to France, Senator McCumber declar
"Between March 21. the day the G
man drive began against the British,
iir.d June 21, the day when the German
drive against the French and Italians
ended, the Allies lost in prisoners alone
250,000 men," he continued. "All of
these came from the fighting units.
Other losses of our Allus were about
equal to those of the enemy. This ?r
not surprising, because of the enemy's
superior artillery, deadlier gases and
overwhelming numbers. Our failure to
do better will prolong the war and
increase its horrors. We can do more."
Senator McCumber took Congress to
task for "abdicating its duties" and
leaving the executive departments to
direct everything. Con rress, he said,
has not once asked itself how large
an army will be necessary to win this
war or what tonnage will be required
io support the army, but instead it
has devoted its time to passing bills
recommended by tho Administration.
Admitting that the Secretary of War
is a good lawyer, Senator McCumber
asked if he has had any more military
training than members of the Military
Committee, to warrant his judgment
being more acceptable than theirs.
Says Allies Arc "Tardy"
The Allies, including the United
States, are "tardy," inefficient follow?
ers of Germany in the development and
use of big guns and other modern war
appliances. Senator McCumber de?
clared, and any budget providing for
less than an army of five million men
is "playing with war, and not conduct?
ing war."
Asserting that Secretary Baker and
the press of the country seemed to be
the only ones who had the opinion
some time ago that the Allied line on
the Western front could not be broken,
but despite the optimism of the Secre?
tary of War, the Senator said, Ger?
many broke the line and forced it back
in one place thirty-six miles in three
days, and despite reports of great Al?
lied reserves in France, ready to stem
Hun onslaughts, there never has been
any considerable number of reserves.
"The reserve for:e lies in the sol?
diery of the United States," he de?
clared. "We might as well recognize
that now."
Submarine losses, as computed by
the Navy Department, were cited by
Senator McCumber as another evidence
of "our habit of minimizing our disas?
ters and magnifying our successes."
He mentioned that he recently called
the attention of the Senate to an
Amsterdam cable saying the Germans
claim the sinkings for May totalled
614,000 gross tons. This statement, he
said, led Senator Beckham, of Ken?
tucky, to get a statement from the
Navy Department, which showed the
actual losses from May 1 to 28, in?
clusive, were 233,639 gross tons, and
the estimate for the entire month was
258,671 tons.
Two days after Senator Beckham ob?
tained the statement, Senator McCum?
ber said, the British Admiralty re?
ported the May losses for the British
alone Were 224,736 gross tons, and that
losses of other countries from all
causes were 130,959, making the total
losses for May 355,694 gross tons.
He said computation of American
shipbuilding in deadweight tons is mis?
leading, since losses are figured in
gross tons.
Says Power Is Wasted
Senator McCumber charged that
there had been reckless extravagance
in the use of American man power and
that the country is not accomplishing
one-half what could be accomplished
considering this fact. France, he
said, imported Chinese labor, and
there is no reason why the United
States could not. do likewise.
Senator Williams, of Mississippi,
answered that Senator McCumber had
unconsciously regarded the German as
a superman, and that, as an American,
he resented it.
"We have surprised the Germans at
every turn," he said, adding that the
Germans were surprised also by the
Belgians, the British and the Serbians.
"They were surprised to death," he
said, "when they could not kick us
the fourth time without our fighting
German Reservist Wandered
At Will Until Arrested
GREENWICH, Conn., June 28 ?
Without the indorsement of the enemy
alien registration officer, Ernest
Weichert, thirty-three, of Port Chester,
formerly a fireman on tb<% German
liner Kronzprinzessin C?cile before she
was taken over by the United States,
has been meandering around the coun?
try. His travels were halted here to?
day when he was turned over to Sheriff
Nossiter, of Westchester County. New
York, Niagara Falls, Pittsburgh and
way stations have been on his recent
port of call. He had papers showing
he was a German reservist. .
"Senator" Ford
If Henry Ford should be elected to the
United States Senate, on a Fusion ticket, what
would happen to Republican politics in Michigan ?
And what would be the effect on the war work
]Mr. Ford is doing for the Government?
The lively editorial comment throughout the
country caused by Mr. Ford's candidacy has been
summed up for you in The Tribune Review for
Sunday. It's good reading.
And this is only one of the many interesting
articles you will want to read in
with To-morrow's
1918 Draft Class
List Ready in Month!
All of the 37,000 members of the
draft class of 1918 have received their
questionnaires. The final instalment
was mailed by the local boards yester?
day morning.
Each registrant is given seven days
in which to fill out and return the for
ty-ntne pages of information. Accord?
ing to Captain David Asch, aid to Mar?
tin Conboy, Director of the Draft, the
work of classifying the new men will
requiro between two and three weeks
following the receipt of tho data.
' We expect to have the men assigned
to their various classes and appended
to the lists of men who registered in
1917 within a month," said Captain
Asch. "The men subject to the first
call will be placed in Class I-X, to dis
t'nguished trcm from the other regis?
"Men who married before January 15,
1918, when the new registration was
suggested, will be granted deferred
classification. Those who married later
will bo placed in Class I-X unless a
child is expected, in such cases the
men will be placed in Class II-X.
"Where it is proved that the regis?
trant married primarily to escape the
draft he will be classified in I-X with?
out anything else being considered."
Vanderbilt Named
For Promotion to
Brigadier General
Forty-two Other Colonels
Nominated for Elevation
by President
WASHINGTON, June 28.?Colonel
Cornelius Vanderbilt, of New York, is
one of forty-three colonels whose
names were sent to tho Senate to-day
by President Wilson for promotion to
the rank of brigadier general. An?
other who was nominated for promo?
tion is Colonel Douglas MacArthur, son
of the late Lieutenant General Arthur
MacArthur and chief of staff of the
Rainbow Division. Colonel MacArthur
recently was wounded during an as?
sault on German trenches. The Presi?
dent also nominated eight brigadier
generals for promotion to the rank of
major general.
Colonel Vanderbilt is commanding
officer of the 102d Engineers, formerly
the 22d Engineers, of the New York
National Guard. While the New York
troops were in training at Camp Wads
worth, S. C, Colonel Vandetbilt was
for a time acting chief of staff. His
home is at 640 Fifth Avenue, New York.
Most of the men advanced in rank
are now Berving in France and th.j
selections are those of General Persh
ing. Officers in this country were
selected by General March, chief of
staff, aftd in both cases the lists show
that the capabilities of the officer and
not his seniority in the service gov?
erned his selection.
Besides Colonel Vanderbilt, General
Pershing's list includes another Na?
tional Guard colonel. John II. Sher
burne--to be a brigadier general. The
other are all regulars.
The brigadier generals recommended
for promotion are Mason M. Patrick,
Edward M. Lewis, William J. Snow,
William R. Smith, Peter E. Traub,
William S. Graves, James C. Harbord
and Charles P. Summerall.
Colonels nominated to be brigadier
generals are:
Charles C.Walcutt, jr.| William D. Connor.
Edward R. Christian.
Edwin B. Winans.
William P. Jackson.
Samuel D. Recken?
Meriwether L.Walker.
Otho B. Rosenbaum.
Edward L. King.
Harry G. Bishop.
Malin Cralg.
Alfred W. Bjornstad.
Andrew Moses.
Robert C. Davis.
Henry J. Hutch.
Wilson B. Burtt.
Harold C. Fiske.
Cornelius Vanderbilt.
Charles A. Hedekin.
James J. Morrow.
George C. Saffarans.
Hanson E. Ely.
Charles W. Kutz.
George V. H.Moseley.|Francis Le J. Parker.
Douglas MacArthur.
John H. Sherburne.
Lucius L. Durfee.
James J. Hornbrook.
Harry A. Smith.
John J. Bradley.
Howard R. Hickok.
William Cruikshank.
Merch B. Stewart.
Albert J. Bowley.
John E. Stephens.
Oliver L. Spaulding, jr.
Ewing E. Booth.
Richard C. Marshall, jr.
John N. Hodges.
Herbert M. Lord.
George H. Shelton. I Jefferson R. Kean.
In making up his list of major gen?
erals General Pershing showed his
estimation of the services of his
! former chief of staff, Brigadier Gen
j eral James G. Harbord, who was re
I cently assigned to command the
' Marine Brigade. It was a part of this
brigade which figured in the fighting |
about Chateau Thierry, which has ]
brought new honor to the Marine !
Corps. General March also has shown
his appreciation of his chief assistant,
Brigadier General William S. Graves,
who has been closely connected with
the development of the war army,
first as secretary to the General Staff
under Generals Scott and Bliss and
later as first assistant to the chief of
staff, under General March.
i It is regarded as possible that Gen
I eral Graves's promotion will mean his
early assignment to service in the
field, instead of with the General Staff.
?Bethlehem Camp Barracks
Burned ; Stores Are Saved
CAPE MAY, N. J., June 28.?The bar?
racks at the Bethlehem Steel camp at
Petersburg, twenty . miles north of
Cape May, where 200 regular army men
are guarding $5,000,000 worth of shells.
'. were burned to the ground, but the fire
I did not get to the storehouses.
The loaded shells were made for the
Fussian government during the last
two years, and the barracks and store?
houses were built there a year ago,
' but since the upheavel in the Russian
; government the United States author?
ities have taken o?er the powder and
I shells. The damage is about $50,000.
I Last of June Draft Quota
, Goes to Camp From New York
The last of New York's June quota of
National Army men marched yesterday
to the Long Island City ferry at Thirty
fourth Street on their way to Camp
Upton. There were 1,862 of them,
about half of them being from Buffalo
and from Oneida and St. Lawrence
Every one of the men sent by Local
Board 17, in The Bronx, was an Italian,
not yet naturalized. The city's draft
quota for the month was 7,343.
Matches Thrown in Mail Box
. Destroy Draft Questionnaires
Lighted matches dropped into a mail
I box in Stapleton, Staten Island, late
! laift night, destroyed a large number of
draft questionnaires sent out by the
Stapleon local board.
The police said three young men
would be arrested this morning and
charged with an attempt to destroy offi?
cial army records in an effort to avoid
U. S. Soldiers Freer From
Disease Than Any in Europe
WASHINGTON, June 28.?Members
of the House Military Committee were
told at their weekly War Department
conference to-day that the soldiers of
the American expeditionary forces are
freer from disease than any troops in
Europe, and that proportionately fewer
are ill than among the troops training
1 at home.
Cantigny Heroes
Hail From Every
Section of U. S.
Names of Those Cited for
Valor Will Be Announced
as Identified
WASHINGTON, June 28.?American
officers and soldiers cited for heroism
and gallantry in action during the re?
cent Cantigny operations by the com?
manding general of the French army,
whose names were mentioned in dis?
patches June 24 and 25 by The Asso?
ciated Press correspondent with the
American army, in France, are from
almost every section of the country.
Dispatches to the War Department
from General Pershing are bringing
the same names piecemeal, and, as
they can be identified in the official
records here, their home addresses are
being given to the newspapers.
The first list of addresses was is?
sued to-day, giving th* names of the
following officers and men thus far
positively identified;
Colonel Lucius R. Holbrook, 1019
Grove Street, Boise, Idaho.
Major Theodore Roosevelt, jr., 163
East Seventy-fourth Street, New York.
Captains Amel Frey, Langcndorf,
Switzerland; R. Oglesby, Lynchburg,
Va.; William T. Crook/Anaheim, Cal.
Lieutenants Volney B. Bowles, 2933
West Twenty-eighth Avenue, Denver,
Col.; G. P. Gather, Bladen, Neb.; Jack
Coonan, 214 North Pleasant Street,
Watcrtown, N. Y.; Moses E. Cox, Gray
Court, S. C; Lee S. Dillon, 2331
Twelfth Street, Boulder, Col.; Wesley
Freml, jr., 42 Van Ness Street, San
Antonio, Tex.; Florian D. Giles, Camp
bellsville, Ky.; Frederick Hahn, Sa?
vannah, Ga.; Gilbert S. Lance, Ke?
nosha, Wis.; Louis O. Langston, Mon?
roe, Ga.; George C. Cox, Cullowhee, N.
C.; W. P. Waltz, Belen, N. M.; Gerwin
D. Adair, Scranton, Penn.; Harrison
Caswcll, Greenville, Mich.; Miller S.
Bond, Enid, Okla.; Roy Bryant, New
Orleans, La.; Tom P. Walker, 114 West
101st Street, New York; S. A. Baxter,
28 Hillyard Street, Chatham, Ont.;
George H. Fleck, 1409 Broad Street,
Providence, R. I.; Robert W. Marcus,
Quincy, 111.
Sergeants William L. Kouns, Curve,
Ky.; Carl Thoete, 3971 Parker Ave?
nue, Cincinnati, Ohio; James W. Koon,
Weems, Ohio; Harry W. Endtcr, Ber?
nard, Ohio; Henry Krothe, 31 Christ
man Street, Atlanta, Ga.; Thomas W.
Clemens, Kuttawa, Ky.
Corporals Walter Coil, Walton, Ind.;
William Robbins, Bloomingdale, Ind.;
Sam Zingman, Kovno, Russia; Tal
madge W. Gerrald, Galivants Ferry,
S. C.
Privates Leo F. Brady, Kermit, N.
D.; Clifford Cagle, Horton, Tex.; John
R. Davidson, Cresswell, Mich.; John
Fennessey, 339 Frost Avenue, Roches?
ter, N. Y.; Benjamin F. Lawson, La
trobe, Penn.; Harry E. Schaeffer, 4619
Lesher Street, Philadelphia; Floyd
Coulburn, Salisbury, Md.; Jesse Hyden,
St. Albans, W. Va.; John Norris, Low?
ell, Mass.; Harry March, Long Beach,
Cal.; Joseph Beck, 2533 Christian
Street, Philadelphia; Henry C. Franz,
I 1511 South Tenth Street. St. Louis;
i Edgar A. Hartman, 302 West Thirty
i fourth Street, New York; Robert E.
? Carson, Chatfield, Minn.; Mike Vujno
vrick, Trimountain, Mich.; Lindlay
McPhail, Park Ridge, 111.; Paul Tere
schenko, 3253 North Front Street, Phil?
adelphia; Franklin B. WeBt, Garden
ville, N. Y.; James A. Rice, Ashland,
Ky.; Judson E. Steele, Edgewood, Iowa;
Leo Ernst Dubois, Marquette, Mich.;
Leon Louis Smith. Huntsville, Ala.
Josephthal Appointed
Naval Commander
Louis M. Josephthal, banker, of 120
Broadway, has been appointed naval
pay inspector, with the rank of com?
Commander Josephthal has been a
member of Governor Whitman's staff,
of the Mayor's Commitee on National
Defence, and is the head of the Bu?
reau of Naval Militia in the State of
New York. He was a member of the
staffs of Governors Dix, Sulzer and
Glynn. He is a member of the New
York, Philadelphia and Chicago Stock
Exchanges. He has seen regular ser?
vice in the regular navy as a yeoman,
assistant paymaster and paymaster.
Commander Josephthal married the
daughter of Isaac Guggenheim.
Since tho declaration of war Com?
mander Josephthal, who is the only
Btaff officer of the naval reserves to
receive the rank of commander, has
been notably active in recruiting work.
New York Men Get
Army Commissions
(Special Dispatch to The Tribune)
WASHINGTON, June 28.?Reserve
corps and National Army commissions
issued to New York residents to-day
by the War Department follow:
Frederick Madison Allen, Rockefeller In?
stitute ; Tasker Howard, 26 Sidney Place,
Brooklyn ; Frederick A. Johnson, 201 West
105th'Street; George Norbert Slattery, 142
West Eighty-fifth Street, captains ; Louis
Reis Davidson, 262 West Ninety-fourth
Street ; Henry Rudolph Rado, St. Francis
Hospital; Abraham Joseph Weingart, 166
Park Row, first lieutenants, Medical Reserve
Lester F. Weatherwax, Camp Mills, second
lieutenant. National Army.
John Kelly, Y. M. C. A., Governor*? Island,
first lieutenant, Adjutant General's depart?
Louis Albert Sumner, Brooklyn, captain ;
George Watkins Ahl, 536 West 114th Street ;
Charles Cunneen, 1949 Seventh Avenue ;
Charles W. Kramer, 167 East Sixty-seventh
, Street, second lieutenants. Quartermaster
Corps, National Army.
Alfred Murphy, 471 Clinton Avenue,
Brooklyn, first lieutenant ; Webb E. Trappa
gen, 133 West Ninety-second Street, second
lieutenant, Sanltery Corps, National Army.
James Sheridan Pennefather, 500 West
144th Street, first lieutenant, Air Service.
American Cadet Killed
In Canadian Flight
CAMP BORDEN, Ont., June 28.?
Cadet John Arthur Byrnes, of the
Royal Air Force, was killed here to?
night in an airplane accident while he
was making a solo flight. His mother
is Mrs. H. Byrnes, of New York City.
PENSACOLA. Fla., June 28.?John
Zeller, a machinist stationed at the
local aviation field, was drowned to-day
when the airplane he was flying fell
into Pensacola Bay.
? ?
Two United States Fliers
Killed in a Tau Spin
MOUNT CLEMENS. Mich., June 28.?
Lieutenant Raymond Templeton, of
Pendleton, Ore., and Private Edgar
Sawyer, of Hartford, Conn., of the
830th Aero Squadron, U. S. A., were
killed here this afternoon when their
machine went into a tail spin and
crashed about 150 feet to the ground.
The machine caught fire and both
bodies wer? burned oadly.
Indicted Editor of
"Masses" Wears Khaki
Floyd Dell, considered by the gov- j
ernment as second only to Max East
man in the affairs of "The Masses,"
which was accused of attacking th? j
government in general and the selec?
tive draft in particular, will be. missing
when the other defendants of "The
Masses" are again tried in the Federal
court, charged with conspiring to ob?
struct recruiting.
For Dell, waiving exemption, is now
at Camp Wadsworth, dressed in khaki, j
a soldier of Uncle Sam. He left with
other drafted men on Thursday. When
within a few days of being 'thirty-one*
years old, he registered in the military
enrolment on June 5, 1917. Dell claimed
exemption as a conscientious objector.
He was then managing editor of "The
Masses." Subsequently, last year, arti?
cles and cartoons that appeared lit j
"The Masses" resulted in the indict
me n't of Eastman, Dell, John Reed, Art i
Young and A. J. Glintenkamp. The jury j
disagreed when given the case.
Assistant United States Attorney
Barnes, in charge of "The Masses" case, i
paid last nicht that Dell's being a sol- j
dier would not prevent his appearing at:
the second trial. He admitted that the !
appearance of one of the defendants.
in a soldier's uniform might weaken the |
government's case.
Ousted From Army for
Drawing Color Line
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., June 28.?By
virtue of a telegraphic communication
from the War Department received at
headquarters at Carnp Pike to-day.
Captain Eugene C. Rowan, late of the
162d Depot Brigade, was dismissed
from the service and Lieutenant Robert
II. Hall was dismissed and given a
sentence of twenty-five years hard
labor at the military prison at Leaven
worth, Kan.
Captain Rowan's case attracted much
attention because it was the first time
the color line figured in a National
Army court. Captain Rowan was
charged with having refused to obey,
an order issued by the brigade com?
mander, calling for a troop formation
because it was asserted both negro
and white soldiers were included in
the formation. The officer is a native
of Georgia.
Lieutenant Hall deserted his organi?
zation late in February. Several days
after his desertion a check-up of the
mess fund revealed shortages amount?
ing to about $7,000. He was arrested
in San Francisco. Hall is a native of
Engineer Reserve to
Examine Applicants
(Special Dispatch to The Tribune)
WASHINGTON, June 28.?Engineers
and men of technical training who de?
sire commissions in the Engineer Re?
serve Corps of the army will be exam?
ined by a special board of engineer
officers in New York City July 3, 4, 5
and 6, Chief of Engineers Black has
announced. The examining board will
sit at 29 West Thirty-ninth Street.
The requirements can be learned by
calling at this office and inquiring for
Major E. H. Williams, president of the
board. Men between thirty-two and
thirty-six years old are eligible for
commissions as first lieutenants, and
men between thirty-six and forty-two
for commissions as captains. These
limits may be extended in special
cases, but no man of draft age will be
All candidates must be citizens.
They must be actively engaged in the
practice of the engineering profession
and in good physical condition. It is
the hope of the chief of engineers to
have all men who pass the examination
commissioned within ten days or two
The chief of engineers hopes to have
2,000 newly commissioned officers in
training by the middle of August.
Hurley Promises
To Build Enough
Ships to Win War|
Shipping Board Head De?
clares They Will Then
Rebuild U. S. Trade
Speaks in Chicago
Manufacturers Are Told to
Learn to Think in World
Market Terms
CHICAGO. June 28. ? Edward N.
Hurley, chairman of the United States
Shipping Board, emphasized in two ad?
dresses here to-day the permanent
benefit that the United States will de?
rive from the shipbuilding programme
now under way. The programme, he
explained, was unlimited, as "whatever ;
the tonnage may be. we will bui'i
enough ships to win the war." The
United States, he declared, was build
ing ships as Rome built roads, pri-,
marily for military purposes, but ulti
mately "to withstand the traffic of i
the ages."
In the afternoon Mr. Hurley spoke
before the Illinois Manufacturers' As?
sociation, whose members he adjured
"to think in terms of world markets,"
that they might be ready to move for?
ward when peace cleared the "Roman
road" of the seas for them. His ad?
dress this evening was delivered be?
fore the National Security League,
where he said that the nation must
leam?to use its shipping as it would
use a new railroad.
He told the manufacturers that only
their cooperation had enabled the
Shipping Board to solve the thousands
of problems connected with the estab?
lishment almost overnight of a ship?
building industry, as a preliminary to
quantity production of snipping. Their
energy, he said, expressed even in in?
land shops and factories, was what
was sending ships down the ways at
the rate of one or two a day. Upon
their breadth of view, he continued, de?
pended to a large extent the utiliza?
tion of that shipping when peace came.
"The more vigorously we fight the
war," he said, "the more tonnage we
shall have at our disposal when peace
is declared. 1 believe that wise fore?
sight now in utilizing this tonnage
after the war to develop our world
trade and develop trade and industry
in other countries, particularly in the
?mailer and younger nations, will be a
direct help to the winning of the war.
"The refrigerator ship that takes
beef and pork to our Allies to-day will
to-morrow be available for California
and Florida oranges, Oregon and New
York apples, corn belt butter, eggs and
cheese, and other perishable products,
helping us to develop trade in South
America, the Pacific and the Orient.
The troop ship of to-day will be a
Latin-American, South African or Aus?
tralian passenger and cargo carrier to?
morrow, bringing our customers from
those countries to the market and tak?
ing their purchases to their doors.
"But ships will be of little use unless
the American business man has learned
to think in terms of ships and world
trade. He must learn to regard the
whole world as his market. This will
mean more than selling factory goods
to foreign customers. Foreign coun?
tries have raw materials and finished
products to exchange with us. He
must learn to swap jackknives with?
out trying to keep both knives. The
American banker must carry our money
when we make Bales or purchases
abroad. The American manufacturer
must run his factory with a view to
utilizing the raw materials of other
countries, thus aiding in their de?
velopment. We must learn to develop
Half day off to-day, but
until twelve ? everything
men and boys wear.
Daring July ?nil Aurii't nor ?torr? will
clone at 5:30; Saturday*. 12 noon.
Rogers Peet Com pant
?t 34th St.
Fifth Ave.
at 41st St
other countries by investing our money
in them, laying a basis for trade, as
the English and Germana have done.
"On our railroads we have paid the
highest wages in the world and the
highest prices for equipment, yet have
hauled a ton of freight at the lowest
rate in the world. In our new ship?
building industry we ought to be able
to do the same when peace comes?pay
the best wages to the men who build
and man the ships, yet have the most
economical ships and shipping rates.
In our factories, competition with the
other great nations in world trade will
mean the same thing?not cheap labor
nor shoddy products, but good wages,
high standards of living and high
quality goods at reasonable prices."
It was in his speech to the members
of the National Security League that
Mr. Hurley announced an unlimited
ship programme and talked of the last?
ing highway of, the seas that was be?
ing built.
"As we learned to back up merchant
shipping as a military necessity during
the last year, so we must learn during
the coming year to appreciate the
ships as working tools?business as?
sets, facilities for the production of
wealth. People in farming communi?
ties, mining communities and the great
consuming centres must learn to
understand ships, value them and sup?
port them just as they would welcome
and use new industries or new rail?
roads or new supplies of food and
Coast Shipyards Win
All Speed Honor Flags
WASHINGTON, June 28.?Shipyards
on the Pacific Coast made a clean sweep
of the first honors awarded by tho
Emergency Fleet Corporation to plants
excelling in construction of vessels.
First honor blue flags, awarded on
the basis of output in May, will go to
the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corpora?
tion (Union plant), San Francisco, for
yards building steel ships, and to the
Grant-Smith-Porter Company, of St.
Johns, Qre., for yards building wooden
Second and third honors for yards
I building steel ships were awarded to
the Skinner & Eddy Corporation, Seat
| tie, and the Moore Shipbuilding Com
I pany, of Oakland, Cal., and for yards
building wooden ships to the Aberdeen,
Wash., yard of the Grant-Smith-Porter
Company and the Allen Shipbuilding
Company, of Seattle.
Rear Admiral Frank F. Fletcher
heads the board which made the
? awards.
st 13th St. "The
Broadway Comers"
it Warren
On July first the incandescent lamp service of this Company
now supplied under a separate lamp service agreement will be
Thereafter incandescent lamps will be sold at standard prices
established by the manufacturers as quoted in the schedule filed
by this Company with the Public Service Commission. This
change in practice is due partly to the increased cost of lamps and
partly to tne growing use of household power, heating and cook?
ing devices for which it is impracticable to provide separately
metered services
The Company will continue to deliver lamps either upon cus?
tomers' written or telephone request and, if desired, initial lamp
equipment for new installations may be purchased on a deferred
payment plan
The use of lamps now on customers' premises furnished by the
Company under lamp service agreements may be continued until
burned out, without extra charge
In addition to the Company's supply points, we understand that
lamp rrranufacturers will establish convenient agencies throughout
the city with dealers in electric supplies, from whom lamps may
be purchased at the standard prices and at the standard voltages
for Edison Service which on Manhattan Island is 119-120 volts
and in the Bronx 107-108 volts
The New York Edison Company
At Tcur Service
Irving Place and 15th Street? Stuyvesaat 5too
Brauth Office SAmu Rotmtjtr tkt Ctmvtmientt sftkt Pu6h<
Mar*? T?e*tHmt Adirtm ^H_
4*4 Broadway Canal S (o? 151 East ?6th Street Lenox 77 t*
ix6 Delancey Street Orchard i960 ' 15 East ia5th Street Harlem 40*0
10 Irving Place Stavvesant 56*s ?6a East 149th Street Melwe? 990?
1** West 4*d Street Bryant 5*?? , Night and Emergency Call: Farragvit 300?

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