W. S. S. Drive
Last-Hour Pledge Deluge*
Keeps Up New York's
Mark for Loyalty
City to Give Million
Weekly to Help War
Campaign Ends Trium?
phantly for Workers Af?
ter Few Hours of Doubt
The W. S. S. pledge campaign in this
city, along about dusk lait night, had
gone the way of the Red Cross, the
Knights of Columbus and the other
war drives here?over the top with a
Exact figures on the results of the
arduous campaigning wore not avail?
able. On the heels of receiving positive
assurances that an army of 2,000,000
war savers had been enrolled, the com?
mittee was fairly inundated by waves
t? additional pledges which swept in.
Counting was forgotten in the whole
souled delight at attaining the imposing
There were many anxious moments
for the workers over the success of j
the drive up to within a few hours of
its triumphant conclusion. The sun?
shine of yesterday afternoon, by some
paradox, proved to be the "darkness
before the dawn." At 4 o'clock, gloom
fairly exuded from campaign head?
quarters. Only 40,000 individual pledges
had been reported out of the balance
of 400,000 necessary for the "ovei"-the
Pledges Comes in Flood
The whistles, blowing quitting time
throughout the city, seemed the signal
for the releasing of a shower of re?
ports, rich in results, to the head?
quarters at 51 Chambers Street. The
fe'ood news poured in over the telephone
and by messengers until Chairman j
Allen and his associates were confident i
that New York City had cl served War j
Savings Day by over-subscribing its
ouota of signatures. Figuring the aver?
age regular contribution of each
pledgee to be 50 cents, New Yorkers ;
will save $1,000,0.00 for democracy)
With the goal already passed, calls
1or new pledge cards came from every
part of the city. The East Side ap?
pealed for 100,000 to satiate the
patriotic and thrifty thirst of its resi?
Daily Record Broken
Incidental to the enlisting of saving
recruits, $289,758 in thrift and wa* aav
ings stamps were sold in the city yes?
terday, an increase of $9,700 ovei
Thursday's sales. The grand total foi
stamp sales hero since last Decembei
is $17,627,541, a daily average of $83,.
Every possible medium of appeal wa?
utilized by the thousands of workert
yesterday in their battle to maintalr,
New York's average in attaining wai
aid quotas at 100 per cent. Persona!
canvasses, public meetings, concert?
and the insertion of the pledge drivi
as part of the daily business routine
figured prominently in the campaign?
The subway band and the vaudeville
singers held a throng at City Hall
Park, where 1,438 pledges were signed
and $1.500 in stamp sales were made
In front of the Public Library speak?
ers were forced to stand by silent
while the assorted chirography of thou?
sands was affixed to pledges and green
stamps were traded for green money in
Pledgees Given Soup
Thousands of downtown workers
tasted a steaming cup of vegetable
soup, especially prepared by an army
cook on an army rolling field kitchen
which stood at Leonard and Hudson
Streets at noon. The sampling of
the liquid "chow" meant that they hud
purchased stamps and signed the
pledge. Prior to the anchoring of the
kitchen on the corner, there had been
a parade of the confectioners' divi?
sion of war savings societies.
The street cleaning band played and
Signor Lucien Muratore, of the Chicago
Opera Company, sang, while shoals of
pledges were signed around the steps
of the Sub-Treasury.
Frank A. Yanderlip, president of the
National City Rank and Director of
War Saving?:,'spoke to the thousands
blocking Wall Street. After appealing
for pledge signers he said:
"It takes five men behind the lines to
support every fighting man, so that if
we have four million fighters we will
have to have twenty million men back?
ing them up. This will mean half the
active man power of the country, and
this is the number we will need to beat
Battalions of shock campaigners of
the. Woman's Committee stormed the
theatres, matinee and night, yesterday.
No movie was too small and no theatre
too large for their attention. The
booth at Fifth Avenue and Thirty
fourth Street resembled a toll gate, no
strolling citizen being able to pass it
without paying his promise in writing
to contribute a fixed amount each
month to the nation's war treasury.
Appeals for thrift were voiced in
thirty tongues in the foreign colonies.
"A stamp a day keeps the Kais/r away."
they were told, and responded with
signatures or by "making their mark."
Pushcart peddlers sold stamps and
asked for pledges. Storekeepers cov?
ered their counters with pledges, the
dotted line pleading for signatures.
Though officially the organization of
new war savings societies was not
pressed by the committee in charge of
the drive yesterday, 1,026 were report?
ed as newly formed, swelling the total
for the campaign to 11,341. Enough
have Jbeen formed, but not officially re?
ported, it was said, to bring this total
Workers Given Praise
Chairman Allen, who directed the
campaign here, in a statement last
night lauded New Yorkers for their
"I am greatly gratified at the show?
ing made by New York City in the
war savings pledge drive," he said. "It
proves that in this movement, as in
every other effort to back up the men
in service, New York has lived up to
its reputation of being heart and soul
in the war.
"I want particularly to thank the
great army of volunteers and other
workers who have labored so hard and
loyally to carry the message to every
nook and corner of the city."
Quest of New Jobs j
Recruiting offices in New York City
were jammed yesterday with waiters,
bartenders, department store clerks
and other classes of men of draft ag.3
who fall under Provost Marshal Gen?
eral 'Crowderis "work or fight" order.
These men will have to change their
occupations some time next month to
comply with General Crowder's edict.
They will have to seek employment in
an essential war industry or enlist. It
looked yesterday as if moat of them
preferred to fight.
The crowds at the registration sta?
tions of the Federal Employment Ser?
vice and the State Industrial Commis?
sion increased in numbers. Many of
the applicants for positions, however,
were men over draft age, doing their
best to avoid the anti-loafing act pen?
Henry D. Sayer, Federal director of
the United States Employment Service
for this state, issued a statement ad?
vising men who had to change their
occupations to keep cool and stick to
their present unessential jobs until
they found posts in essential industries.
He advised men of draft age to regis?
ter at the employment offices at 22
East Twenty-second Street or 310 Jay
Draft Clerk Sentenced
John B. Shaw, draft board clerk and
church worker in Brooklyn, who is al?
leged to have made improper proposals
to the wife of a registrant who sought
deferred classification, was sentenced
yesterday by Judge Chatfield in the
United States District Court, Brooklyn,
to eleven months and twenty-nine days
in the Mine?la jail. He pleaded guilty
of trying to obtain deferred classifica- j
tion for a registrant. '
"This man failed in his duty," said !
Judge Chatfield, "and attempted to tako j
advantage of a woman who appeared
before the board and who was entitled l
to the utmost respect and considera
"Nation" Announces Its
Divorce From "Post"
"The New York Nation" announced j
yesterday, "its complete editorial sepa- !
ration from 'The New York Evening [
Post.' The entire contents of its is?
sues, editorials, special articles, book ;
reviews and other articles will here
after appear exclusively in 'The Na- !
tion' and will be the products of its j
own staff and contributors.
"In recent years there has been some
editorial relationship between the two j
publications, although 'The Nation' has
occupied a unique and distinctive field j
as a standard critical journal of liter?
ature, art, politics and statecraft." I
To Unveil Honor Tablet j
Governor Whitman will unveil to-day j
in the Congregational Church of Bloom?
ing Grove, N. Y., a memorial window
dedicated to patriotism and bearing the
church's honor roll?the names of
twelve men who enlisted. Above the
honor roll is the inscription, "It is our I
acts not our words that count." |
Where to Go to Church To-morrow
"THE MORALS OF NEW YORK. IS THE CITY
GROWING BETTER OR WORSE?"
Was the foundation of New York's present greatness lata by
men and women who frequented cabarets?
Does the Editor of the Morning Sun need to take a course
Should the Editor of "The Sun Diai" column feel easv tn
his mind, even if wo get the city on a basis as secure as that of
ancient Sodom hefore that city was destroyed by God?
These questions will he considered in a Current Topic Talk
Wore the regular sermon to-morrow night (8 o'clock sharp) at
CALVARY BAPTIST CHURCH
57th St., near 6th Ave., opp. Carnegie Hall
By the Pastor, REV. JOHN ROACH STRATON, D. D.
The sermon subject to-morrow night will be
"GOD'S COMPASSION FOP. HIS CHILDREN: or, THE
MIUACI.E OF DIVjkE MERCY"
the closing sermon in the serie? on JONAH.
An effort will be made to answer the question:
"Can God in Mercy Spare and Save New York?"
Dr. Straton's morning subject at 11 o'clock to-morrow:
"How Can We Be Christ's Disciples?"
Our night congregations are growing. A warm welcome to all.
THE OLD GOSPEL PREACHED HERE.
Madison avenue baptist mimen.
MADISON AVE., Ifllt. 31ST ST.
C A KAToN. I). I).. PASTOR (In tjerrtce).
U. , JAMES II. SPENCER, !> I> .
of frtli.rndn Springs, Colorado. Will Preach
Tin? Sunday al 11 A, M ?tul S 1' M
July 7 - IU-? .1 SPENCER KBNNABD.
Junl returned fron War '/.?ne.
July 14 lU-t. COBTXAND MYERS, D. P..
1'mtnr Tremout Teinn?e. Boulon.
lft A M.?EATON CUA.HS jfOR MEN. ?0 E. 31?tflt.
Womi'ii't IJtble t.'liis?. 9 45. Re?. C. P. Hall. hat.
CENTRAL BAPTIST CHURCH
S. E. COR. ?D ST. AND AMSTERDAM AV.
Frank M. Goodchild, D. D., Pastor
PASTOR'S ?AST SrND?Y
1 ?-"WAITING ON GOD."
?-"NOT ASHAMED OE THE OOSPEL."
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH
Broadway and 7Pth Street.
PASTOR. 1 M JIABDKMAN, D. D.
Preaching 11 A. M. and 8 P. M. by
CORTLAND MYERS. D. D.,
of Tn-tii.iv Temple, Boston. MlM.
MT. MORRIS BAPTIST CHURCH
rirni av., bet. i2srn and 127tu mts.
john Herman randall
11 A. M.?"OIK BASIS EOR CONFIDENCE."
Kervic+i ere heli! tn the following
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES
rtundaya. 11 A. M and t P. M.
WfV.iii~Kla.vs. g p. M.
Pirat Church-Outrai Park Waat ft 96th at
Second Church?Central Park Waat & 68th 6L
Third Church?12.1th W. & Madison A?.
Fourth Church? 178th St.&Pt.Washington Av
Hifth Church?Aeolian Coac. Hall.M W.4M *Jt
Sixth Church?1935 Anthony Av., Bron*.
Brvtrnth Church?Hot?! Marseille. Broadway
* 103d St., on Sunday. 11 A. M. only.
BROADWAY AND J?TH 8TREKT
HKV. BOJIEUT K. 8PBEB, D. I). .11 and ?.
DISCIPLES OF (intlST?(CnrtaUan)
CENTRAL 142 We?t Slit Street.
KR?STIAN Dr. PINI8 8. IDLBMAN. Pa* tor
ffUBCll. Serrtc-o at 11 A. M.
calvary metoodlst rvhf?r
Rev. W. H. MORGAN, D. D.
11 A. M.?"Eroadom Throuah tba Truth"
? P. M. DH T. BVBt'l'TA.
"Italy and the Oreat Wax "
QOV WHITMAN *m| <?! \TE?a
WV. WfliliVJ/W TI KJ5VN0VIC?. T:4B.
Otaea. Waat J^Ui, ur. Col. 11. Di. BJU8?K?
ST. PAUL'S METHODIST
West End Ammo and SCth Street.
! I A.M., Rev. Bruce S. Wright, D.D.
7:30 IV M., ("apt. A WELLS INGRAM.
''Experiences at tlie front."
CHURCH OK JEflUS CHRIST OF
I.ATTEK DAY SAINTS.
Sunday School.1:30 P. M.
Preaching Sendee.8:0? P. M.
?wry Sunday at 161 West 1'Jf.th Street. Now Tort.
and at Jr. O. 17. A. %T. Pall, near oornar
H-.-id and Gaua ATenuae. Brooklyn.
TRUTH SEARCHERS WELCOM?
Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church,
Fifth Ave. and Fifly-fl?ih St.
R*?. JAMES PALMER, Th. P.. Associate Pastor.
Bmlces at 11 A M. and 4:a0 P. M.
REV. HARRIS K. KIRK, D. ?.,
?fill preach at both services.
Men's ?Hole Class at 10 A. M.
Broadway and 114th Street.
REV. WALTER DUNCAN BUCHANAN, D. 0.,
MlnUter, preaches at 11 A. M.
University Place Presbyterian Church
Cor. 10th Street.
GEORGE ALEXANDER, ) Mini,,?r?
T G1THR1E SPEERS. 5 *""*
Servlew?. 11 A. M. and 8 P. M.
Dr. Alexander H'Ul preach.
PPVTP AT PRE8BYTHBIAN CHURCH,
K, P, rs L 11 ?\ i 4 Madison A?o. and 67th St.
Rev. Wilton Merle-Smith. D. D., Pastor.
Preaching at 11 A. M. by
REV. HTJO? BLACK. D. D.
R? I Tf F R S PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH,
\J 1 ULi\J Broadway and 73d at.
Rev. Daniel Russell, D. D., Pastor,
will wach at 11 A. M.
WEST-PARK PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
sflth St. and Amsterdam Ate.
R?T. Ansmi P. Attfrtmry, D. P., / ?,??,_.
Ber. Anthony H. E?an?. D. D.. 5 FW*
DR. EVANS will preach at 11 A. M.
Subject. "UNEXPECTED BLESSINGS."
No Evening Service.
FOURTH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
vWl\ J H w?sl Etid A??.. ?1st 81.
EDGAR WHlttAKKU WORK. I). T>.. Pastor.
Dr. Work preaches 11 and 8.
U/F<VT FNn PRESBYTERIAN.
WILCJi ILl^L/ AMSTERDAM, COB. 1MTH.
Ret. A. H. MeKlnney proache? 11 and S.
???'A New Kourth of July."
Bet. O. R. MILLER, D. P.,- of Albany. N. T.,
??11 preach ?t both morning at?d eveniui ferric*! on
Sunday. June 6th.
1321) 8T. ANO MOUNT MORRIS FAB* WEST.
St. Nicholas Ave. ?I1
41a? tit. and
Minister. Re?. ELLIOTT W. BROWN. D. D..
11 A. U. and S I'. M.
TENT EVANGEL OPENS
Sunday. June 30th, at 4 & 8 P. M.
HOTH ST., AMSTERDAM AVE.
38th neason of this great Revival
and Bible Conference Center. Un?
der Auspices or The Old Tent
Evangel Committee of New York.
REV. G. W. McPHERSON, Supt.
JO. C. MILLER. President.
F. T. HOPKLN'S, Treasurer.
"Charlie" Taylor, Famous
ENGLISH BOY EVANGELIST !
preaches Sunday, June 30th, at 4 and 8 and every
night except Saturday up to July 16th. Tent seats
3,000. Seat? free. Union Services for everybody.
Fifth Avrnuo and Thirty-seventh Street.
Mildster: William Plerson Merrill.
DR. MERRILL preaches at 11 o'clock,
NOONDAY SERVICE dally (except Thursday and
Saturday) at 12:30.
ASCENSION, Fifth Ave. and 10th St. I
Rev. Dr. PERCY STICKNEY ?RANT, Rector.
11?"Harness Your Kick" (Rector).
8 ? Forum ? "PAN-AMERICANISM." Speaker?,
Hon. John Barrett. Director General Pan
Amorlcan Union, and Senor Don J. B. Le
Feyre, Charge d'Affaires of Panama.
CATHEDRAL OF ST. JOHN THE DIVINE,
Amsterdam Avenue and 111th Street,
8 A. M.?-The Holy Communion.
11 A. M.?Preacher, Dean Kobblns.
i P. M? Preacher, Rev. Dr. s. I'. Delany.
Week-day Service daily at 7:30 A. M.
Rev. THEODORE SEDGWICK. Rector.
Services 8 and 11 A. M. and 8 P. M. (Rector).
Church of Zion and St. Timothy
334 WEST 57TH STREET.
Rector? Rev. HENRY L?BECK. D. C. L.
8, 11 (The Rector). 8 (Rev. F. Burgess, jr.)
CHURCH OF THE HOLY COMMUNION,
lOtli Street and Cth Avenue.
Always Open and Free to All.
8 A. M., Holy Communion.
11 A. M., Preacher. Rev. Dr. Mottet.
12 M., Holy Communion.
11 A. M., Thursday, July 4, Patriotic Servio?.
C?jurcri of ?lje transfiguration
I East 28th St.?Dr. HOUGHTON, Rector.
10:80?GAKRETT'S MASS and SERMON
4?PROCESSION and CHORAL EVKNSONO
Cuban National Flu presented at Evensong by
the Cuban Consul and National Anthem sung.
8T. THOMAS'S CHURCH, 5th Ave. and 83d SL
Be?. ERNEST M. STIRES, D. D.. Rector
8; 11 (Rev. Floyd S. Leach. Ph. D.).
THE MIDDLE COLLEGIATE CHURCH,
?d Ave. and ?th St.
Rev. EDGAR FRANKLIN ROMIG. Minister,
will preach ?t 11 A. M. and 8 P.M.
THE MARBLE COLLEGIATE CHURCH
Mil Ave. and 29th St.
Rev. DAVID JAS BURHELL, D. D.. Minister
11 A. M.?Address by Lieut.-Colonel Cecil a, Will
' Isms, of Toronto, Canada.
8 P. M.?Dr. Burrell will preach. Subject: "Our
Modem Joan of Axe."
TH? COLLEGIATE CHURCH OF ST. NICHOLAS
5th Ave. and 48th St. ^^
Rev MALCOLM JAS. MACLEOD, D. P., Miniate?
will preach at 11 A. M. '
Be?. JAMES FREEMAN. D. D..
of Minneapolis, Minn., at 8 P. M.
THE WEST END COLLEGIATE CHUBCH.
West End Ave. and 77th St.
Bev. HENRY KVERTKOn COUB. D. D., Minister
Bev. EDWARD G W. MEURT. D. JX,
will preach at 11 A. M.
THE FOBT WASHINGTON COLLEGIATE
Fort Washington Ave. and 181st St.
Bev. IRVING H. BERG. D. P.. Minister.
Bev. Wlnfred R. Ackert will preach at 11 A M
Sunday School 9:55 A. M.
AU Seau Free.
BEFOBMED CHURCH OF HARLEM,
Lenox Avenue aud 123rd Street,
Rev. KD?AR TILTON. Jr.. D. P.. Mi?
ll A. M.. Dr. Tilton will preach.
No evening service until Fall.
H?CIBTY OF FRIENDS
BBLtOfOnS ?OCTETY OF FRIENDS.?Meeting?
for wor?liip. H a. m , at 221 East 15th at. Man?
hattan, and 110 Schermerborn st., Brooklyn.
CENTRAL Y W. ft A., JUxlngton ?vt. (?M ?t.).
Mundo. 8 5?. MIRK A M. RAXDKR. Epeaktr.
At 4:30 F. M. SONO BfiBVlCB.
Goes to the Jury
Prosecuting Attorney, in
Summing Up, Declares
The case of the Emerson Motors de?
fendants, accused of having conspired
to use the United States mails with
intent to defraud investors, is now in
the hands of the jury.
After four hours of sledge hammer
oratory, Assistant United States At?
torney James W. Osborne, 2d, yester?
day concluded his summing up of the
government's charges against the de?
i Shortly after 6 o'clock Judge Martin
T. Mant?n, in whose branch of the
j United States District Court the case
; has been heard, finished his charge to
| the jury. The defending attorneys
' filed forward with their final "re?
quests." The court officers started
j transporting the great mass of ex?
hibits into the jury room, and by
6:30 the jui-ors who have been
sitting since May 22 had begun their
In his resume of the evidence, which
I has extended over nearly six weeks
? in the taking, Mr. Osborne traced the
| career of the company side by side
| with the advertisements that accom?
panied its various stages.
"Is that a full, fair statement of
? the condition of the company in which
\ these men were offering stock for
sale?" Again and again ha concluded
his readings of the advertisements with
! that challenge.
Says Facts Were Suppressed
"Look at the facts that are sup?
pressed!" he cried. "That is the test.
It is the duty of people selling stock to
state every singlo fact pertaining to
that stock. The rule that applies to
the purchasing of merchandise does
not apply to stock. Merchandise you
can see, feel, examine. You can prove
for yourself whether you're getting
what the salesman says you are get?
ting. With stock you cannot do that.
With stock you are obliged to take the
salesman's word. And the obligation
of the salesman of stock is stricter in
"In not a single case here has a full,
fair, honest statement of the facts been
made for the guidance of the purchaser.
Not a promise out of all this glittering
list has been kept. Just look at the
"A long list of advisory directors is
drawn up, recruited from men who
have no knowledge of this company, ?
solely in order that their names may j
be used to induce the public to invest ?
its money. A picture of a factory is put i
out when there is no factory. An in-1
spired article is published in a news?
paper and then circulated as if it rep- j
resented the independent judgment of
that newspaper. In the formation of |
the company every recognized rule is
flouted solely in order that the pro?
moters may benefit. And then these
defendants have the colossal effrontery
to come here and tell you that theirs
was a bona fide business failure." :
A dozen times Mr. Osborne reverted
to the charge that no one of the pro?
moters of the Emerson scheme ever put
up a dollar of his own money. Back?
dated letters and minutes of meetings,
estimates that existed only on paper,
bribes handed through back doors?
these, he said, were some of the fruits
of the "good faith" with which the de?
fendants maintain they acted through?
out their ill-fated venture.
Ridicules Hupp's Idea
Taking up the defence's picture of
Robert Craig Hupp as an inspired
"dreamer," the prosecutor traced the
history of Mr. Hupp's failures and ridi?
culed his every pr?tention to eminence
in the automobile world. Scathingly
he referred to him as "this genius with
an idea worth $6,999,000."
"But there isn't an original thing in
the whole idea!" he concluded.
The schedule to which the Campbell
defence has consistently pointed as
proof of the concern's sincerity, Mr.
Osborne declared, was "to all intents |
and purposes thrown out of the window
except for stock selling purposes." The j
"voting trust," ticing up control of the
Emerson company for a term of three
years, and cited by the defence as su-1
preme proof that the originators of the
project intended to proceed with a le- !
gitimate business, Mr. Osborne stig- ;
matized as the scheme whereby alone
they were enabled to sell stock, chiefly
for their own benefit, he charged. !
"One hundred and two hundred per
cent was the amount the defendant
Wilson made on this stock," he said.
"And how much of this money ever
found its way into the Emerson trea3- |
ury? The records in this case show." |
The Wilson notes to the company, j
Mr. Osborne held, were "not worth
the paper they were written on," and i
the arrangement whereby that broker
paid the company for the stock he took, !
only after that stock had been resold I
to the public at a largely increased
figure, the District Attorney pointed
to as clear-cut proof this was "nothing
more nor less than a stock-selling
In the same connection he elaborated
the details of his case against each of
the individual defendants, waxing par?
ticularly bitter in his denunciation of
Matches, the salesman from Boston
where $20,500 was sent, it is said, to
Much time was devoted, too, by Mr
Osborne to the letter of resignation
from James Warren Hill, the first at?
torney for the Emerson firm, in which
it was stated that the concern's prac?
tice of stock selling was "obtaining
money under false pretences in its
simplest form." This letter Mr. Camp?
bell declares he personally never re?
ceived; but that contention, too, the
Takes Up Attorney's Case
(n^ to,the other "Plv o? the defence
to the charge embodied in this letter
that Amos H. Stephens, the succeeding
attorney, was present at the meeting
where it was spread on the record, and
approved all the methods of the com?
pany?Mr. Osborne said that if this
WifrVC?qB,,y the C8S0 Mr. Stephens
should be sitting in court on trial
along with the other defendants.
At the beginning of yesterday's ses?
sion Jud R. Rush, concluding the sum
ming up for the defence, stated that I
the promoters; hopes for'success were I
entirely justified; that at that ?eriod !
before this country had entered the I
war the psychological moment for a
?nf? C*la88?1?rpriced motor car to1
enter the field was unmistakably at
hand. In reply to the charge that the
J? wa? df?ived. he answered that
all the stock sold was advertised as
pre-organization stock, and that it was
never represented that one cent de?
rived from its sale would go into the
treasury of the company.
The indictment under which the d??
fendants are charged conaista of thir?
teen counts. The extreme penalty
H??re??HhuCh?rBe of U8in* the mails to
11.000 fine on each count. On the con?
spiracy charge the maximum penalty is
two years in prison and $10,000 fine
h?v?AC?i,?0UHnt' KFive of the ^fendants
have already been acquitted on one
3"AV?A ,ndictmcnt by ?WX
Bootes: Authors: Publisher?
History and Criticism?
A Great Work of Pure Letters
Amid the Ruck of War
THE EARLY LIFE OF WILLIAM WOBDSWOBTH:
1770-17?X. By Emllo Lcgouls. Translated by J.
W Matthew*, with a prefatory note by Leslie
Stephen. With portrait. 8vo, pp. xvi, 477. E.
V. Dutton & Co.
A work like this comes us a pleasing
surprise, even a shock, at such a time
as the present. For years we have been
I thinking war and reading war; books
I of the passionute moment, hot i' the
j mouth. And now there comes this
stately and beautiful volume, calm, re
I flective, leisurely; just such as might
i be written if Huns and rapes and hell
j broth were quite unknown to the world.
Moreover, it is, as the names on the
'title page infallibly Indicate, a work of
! commanding and permanent importance
| tu the intellectual life of the world.
! Taking for his text Wordsworth's
? autobiographical poem, "The Prelude,"
j one of the most penetrating, judicious
I and authoritative French critics of our
day presents an elaborate study of
j Wordsworth's early life, essaying a so?
lution of the problem which has vexed
every biographer and critic of the great
Lake poet and which Browning so pun
gently epitomized in "The Lost Leader."
How was Wordsworth transformed
from a radical disciple of Jean Jacques
] Rousseau and "Tom" Paine into a pillar
i of orthodox conservatism? We doubt
I if a more satisfactory explanation has
i ever or will ever be given than that
! which is suggested in Professor Le
j gouis's luminous and eloquent pages.
Of course, it is not a study merely
of that phase of Wordsworth's charac?
ter and career, but of the whole man
and his writings in the early part of his
life. As such it must have the very
highest, rank among works of literary
criticism, and perhaps be esteemed the
definitive word concerning one of the
most interesting and not least impor?
tant and influential figures in modern
Heroes of Law
True Tales of the Work of the
THE STANDARD BEARERS. By Katharine
Mayo. With Illustrations by Captain Louis
Kcene. 12mo, pp, tli, 3U. Tho Houghton MJCNin
It gave us great pleasure some time.
ago to review at length Miss Mayo's
admirable "Justice to AH," a history
and description of the Pennsylvania
State Police. In tho present volume she
gives us a number of stories of the
actual achievements of that fine body
of men. The tal?3 are all literally
true. In every case the real names
! of the troopers are given; in all but
' one the real names of the places; and
in most cases the real names of the
criminals with whom the troopers
dealt. The tales are told with all the
dramatic power and thrilling interest
i of master-pieces of fiction, yet they
reveal the immeasurable value of the
service with all the directness and
veracity of an official report. The pe
nclogist, sociologist or statesman who
j wishes seriously to study the workings j
I of the state police system can do so
i to no better advantage than in Miss I
i Mayo's vivid and convincing pages; j
. while the reader in quest of fascina- |
! tion, thrills and the strenuous witch
| ery of edventnro will find them all here I
i in a measure not incomparable with I
| that of Dumas himself.
Let us hope that the title of the
i book is prophetic. It was chosen by
? the author to suggest that this splcn
i did service of the Keystone State
? should serve as an example for the
other states to follow. They could do
? no better than to do so. No thoughtful
? person can read these records of the
! Pennsylvania troopers without a wish
that every state might have a similar
force for the maintenance of law and
i order and "justice to all."
The Heart of the Puritan
Tricks and Manners of the
Makers of a New World
THE HEART OP THE PUBrPAN. S?lection?
from letters and journal?. Edited by Eliza?
beth Deoriiig Hanacom, Vh. D., ProfesBor of Eng
Uah in Smith College, l?mo, pp. xlll. 281. The
The tercentenary, year after next, of
the planting of the Plymouth colony is
bound to call out a writing activity
most of which will be, no doubt, worthy
of the memory of those early Ameri?
cans, the Pilgrim and the Puritan Eng?
lish. Not even the blessed word meticu?
lous will dissuade scholars from trying
to clarify the distinction between Pil?
grim and Puritan or from trying to
make us understand that while the
Plymouth folk were Separatists many
of the Puritans had good claims to be
considered Anglicans. However far tho
learned may go in laboring such points,
the layman knows that the New Eng?
land fathers, considered as human an?
cestors, are always rewarding to re?
search. How richly they repay inquiry
such a dossier as this of Miss Hans
com'3 goes to show. Here are excerpts
from the letters and diaries of persons
who looked for no literary immortality,
with reflections of?and reflections
upon?the life of the period. You
shall learn that Mr. Shrimpton, the
London brazier's son, has built a state?
ly house in Boston with a Brass Kettle
atop to show his father was not
ashamed of his Original. From the
same chronicler it may be learned
about the Bostonians of 1686 that they
are great censors of other men's man?
ners, but extremely careless of their
own. Young Mr. Cotton Mather refers
to his diarv a complaint about the cold
weather, "My Ink in my very pen suf?
fers a congelation, but my witt much
more." In those far-off times there
was occasionally a difficulty with ser?
vants. Of one indocile housemaid an
indignant gentleman avers, "We can
hardly keep -her within doors after we
a^'e gonn to bed, except as we carry
the kay of the door to bed with us."
Along with the wine arid marmalade
of Puritan social converse. Miss Hans
com serves us with academic titbits
from Cambridge, tho home of what one
tilted-nose visitor calls the only col?
lege or would-be academy of the Prot?
estants in all America. One youth
grants us the glimpse of an imperfect
day when, having entered Harvard Col?
lege, he began Logick and fitt with
the sophomores. Commencement at
Harvard gets itself described by a
Cambridge sufferer as a senseless, use?
less, noisy impertinency. On matters
of this sort there are no lights qdite so
good as sidelights, particularly when
they are so judiciously placed as Miss
Hanscom has managed to place them.
Perhaps the more serious moods of the
ancient New Englander are given a
fairer chance for regard when set
against the background of the work
and play of ordinary lireumstance.
As might be expected, Miss Hanscom
has interrogated the classic spirits
when seeking to interpret the religious
faith and moral valor of the men who
made, in more senses than one, a new
The Drama of France
A KHOBT HIBTOKY OE PKANCE. By Mary Du
clatii. With mapa. Boyal. Sro. pp. J?5. G. P.
f It was, if we remember aright, a
French woman who demanded tho.his?
tory of the world In uve minutes-?
or was it in a hundred words? If so
it is fitting that we should have a his?
tory of France from Ctesar to Napo?
leon in a single volume. And here we
have it, narruted with a power which
tlir?l? us and with a skill which holds
us spellbound; as we were, for exam?
ple, when wo saw Booth enact the Car?
dinal. That, indeed, suggests the ge
cret of our gifted author's unique suc?
cess. She has treated the eighteen
centuries ns one mighty coherent
drama, which she presents with singu?
lar power in a series of acts and
A drama does not, of course, con?
cern itself with the esoteric details;
unless Ibsen has written it. It deals
with action, with things done. That
is what this work does. In the words
cf "Pinafore," never mind the why and
wherefore. The act's the thing. All
else may be left to the bookworm
student. The average reader wants to
know what was done, how it was done,
and ?who did it. Those are the things
which Mme. Duclaux tells us in this
superb volume as they have never been
told before in equal compass; making
a book to be read with fascination and
to be prized for preservation and for
Ways and Means of the Garden,
the Market and the Kitchen
THF, HIGH COST OF LIVING. By Frederic C.
Howe. Ph. P.. I,L. D. 8vo, pp. x, 275. Charles
PRACTICAL GARDENING. By Hugh Flndlay,
P. S. A. Illustrated. 8vo, pp. vlil, S88. D.
App?cton & Co.
HOME VEGETABLE GARDENING FROM A TO
Z. By Adolph Kruhm. Illustrated. 12mo, pp.
294. Doublcday, Page A Co.
SCHOOL AND HOME CARDENrNG. By Kary
C. Davis. Illustrated. 12mo, pp. xvli, 353. The
J. B. Llpplncott Company.
CO-OPERATIVE MARKETING. By W. W. Cirm
horland, Ph. D. Svo, pp. rill, 226. Princeton
MARKETING AND HOP8E MANX'AL. By 8.
Ague? Donham Svo, pp. 211. Little, Brown &
WHEATLESS AND MEATLESS DAYS. By Panl
lne Dunwell Partrtdgo and Hester Martha Conk
lln. 12ino, pp. rill, 225. D. Appleton & Co.
WAR-TIME BREADS AND CAKES. By Amy L
Handy. lOmo, pp. vii, 66. The Houghton Mlf
MRS. ALLEN'S COOK BOOK. By Ida C. Bailey
Allen. With an introduction by Professor Lewis
B. AUyn. Illustrated from photograplis. 12mo,
pp. iiv, 766. Small, Maynard & Co.
ECONOMY COOK BOOK. By Marie McHvaJne
Gillnioro. 12ino, pp. x, 215. E. P. Dutton & Co.
THE INTERNATIONAL JEWISH COOK BOOK.
By Florence Kreisler Greenbaum. l'.'mo, pp. xil,
419. The Bloch Publishing Company.
Thoroughly practical and timely are
all these books, dealing with various
phases of the theme suggested by the
first on our list. Dr. Howe, the Com?
missioner of Immigration at this port,
has written a most thoughtful and in?
forming work, in which he analyzes the
food situation in this and' other coun?
tries, the agricultural resources and
possibilities of America, and our sys?
tems of speculation, marketing, storage
and what not. It is a book of all but
universal appeal and utility, to the
farmer, the merchant, the housekeeper
and all others.
Professor Findlay's treatise on
kitchen gardening is noteworthy for
both what it tells its readers to do and .
what it tells them not to do. It is re- !
plete with instruction of the most spe
cific and practical kind, and is profusely
illustrated, forming a gardener's man- j
ual of high utility. I
Mr. Kruhm's very practical garden j
manual is said to be specially adapted
to the Pacific Coast, but we are in- j
clined to think that most of it is equally
applicable to most other regions. It is j
largely devoted to descriptions and rec- :
ommendations of the best varieties of j
fruits and vegetables, and with its pict-1
ure on every page serves the dual f une- j
tions of a lecturer on gardening and an I
altogether impersonal and impartial j
Dr. Davis's treatise on school and i
home gardening is, as its title might!
imply, a textbook. Yet, like others of j
the better modern textbooks, it is also
well designed for home and private in?
struction, and would admirably serve j
as gardener's manual. In fact, we have j
seen few works more commendable for!
that purpose. !
The development of cooperative and ;
community marketing has been a note?
worthy feature of the last year or two
in this country, and a most "hopeful one,
and it is pleasant to see the subject!
treated in a thoughtful fashion in Pro?
fessor Cumberland's volume. He de?
votes himself, it is true, chiefly to the
example which has been presented by
the California citrus fruit growers. But j
it is quite obvious, as he points out, j
that their methods are quite applicable i
to other regions and other products, j
with a confident assurance of similar'
After the market for the producer. I
tho marketing by the consumer. Miss!
Donham, an instructor in household
management, gives to the housekeeper
the results of a score of years of
observation and experience, to serve as
a guide in economical and satisfactory
purchasing at the market, and in such
cooking and serving as will conduce
to the highest degree of household
efficiency. The recipes, tables and
charts, which fill many pages, should
bo a perfect godsend to the house?
Wheatless and meatless days are
doubtless a terror to many who do not
know how tolerable they can be made,
apart from the inspiration of war
winning sacrifice. Miss Partridge and
Miss Conklin have compiled a copious
and comprehensive array of toothsome
recipes for such days, well calculated I
to relieve the embarrassment of the j
housekeeper or cook and to give joy
to the diners. j
So with war bread. Ignorantly or i
unskilfully done, it is repellent; ex?
pertly prepared, it is welcome to even ':
the fastidious palate. Mrs. Handy's
little volume gives numerous recipes
and suggestions for bread, cakes and
other war-time foods, tested and ap?
proved as excellent.
"Mrs. Allen's Cook Book" needs
nothing more than the name of the
author to denote its authoritative and
practical character. We should indeed
doubt if there were extant a more
satisfactory and valuable general
treatise on cookery and compendium
of recipes of all sorts than hers. It is
calculated to serve all households,
from the simplest to the most elabo?
rate, and equally all individual tastes.
Mrs. Gillmore's "Economy Cook
Book" is specially designed for those
who practise the (comparatively) sim?
ple life at table. Yet its recipes com?
prise many dishes which might well
tempt a gourmand; though they are al!
intelligently designed for economy and
"The International Jewish Cook
Book" is a "Kosher" cook book and a
good deal more. There are many reci?
pes in it which really have nothing
to do with the special methods of food
preparation followed by Jews, so that
its appeal, while very complete and
convincing to them, is also in some
measure to all housekeepers.
Another still more special cook hook
is Rebecca Oppcnheimer's, intended
for the unhappily numerous class who
suffer from diabetes or allied ailments
and who therefore require a peculiar
diet. Prepared by an expert in cook?
ery, herself a diabetic patient and
therefore sympathetic, under the ad?
vice and sanction of a competent phys?
ician, the volume will serve a most
useful purpose and add greatly to the
comfort and well being of many un?
fortunate people. \
"Hot JVO! jYO/"
SHE had never even seen him before?yet he seemed
to know her. What was she to do? This man, so
horrible, was the only one in all that land who seemed
to want to help her?but at such a price. What was
she to do?this shy little American girl? Read what
she did in
The UNPARDONABLE SIN
By RUPERT HUGHES
This i s a tale of the most
dramatic phase of the Great
War?the brutality of a vic?
torious soldiery toward the
women in a conquered country
?but it is something bigger
still?it is the epic of an Ameri?
can girl's heroism for the sake
of those she loved?it is the
tale of how one little American
girl outwitted the whole Ger?
man Army?it is a great and
If there were any need that
the genius of Rupert Hughes
should be proved?this story
would prove it. But that
genius needs no proof. There
are other writers who hare ?
brilliant style?there are other
writers who have a big power?
ful story to teil?there are
other writer? who know how
to tell a story?But rare in?
deed is the man who combine?
all three?as Rupert Hughes
has done once more.
Get it today at your book?
seller's. You have read ranch
fiction about the men in this
Now read this romance
based on truth
ous deeds of
of the glori?
Illustrated by James Montgomery Flagg.
HARPER & BROTHERS
Established 1817 New York
Captain James Norman Hall
author of "Kitchener's Mob," and one
of America's greatest aviators, was
brought down wounded, and captured
by the Germans on May 7, after exploits
and adventures that had made him
famous throughout the country.
Captain Hall's new book, com?
pleted just before his last fight, is now
on sale at a price of one dollar and fifty
cents (profusely illustrated). Critics
who have read advance copies tell us it
is not only the greatest aviation book of
the war, but also one of the few endur?
ing volumes that the conflict has called
16 E. 40th St. New York
llimilimmililllllUiniMlliif mum mi mini
Quarto. K full Pa?* IB?
Portrait. Text. SO teat* We?.
"It was unfortunate that Old Bill had
been playing the Baron in 'Puss and
Boots,' and hadn't time to change be?
fore that attack broke out."
Other Bairn* fat her Book*_
Oarment* front Frasee
4 Parts In one. 142 Plateas $1.71.
Ballet? and Billet?
18 full page, 21 text Illue.. $1.M.
Bairn ?.father?A Few Fragment? *?*
52 Illustration?, $1.26.
AT ALL BOOKSELLERS
By CHARLES G. NORRIS
Principally, this is a fine, powerful and outspoken story of real -
life, with it? pains and joys, its mistakes, Its defeats and its victories.
But incidentally, it exhibits th? menace to American character
American ideals of rosny of the Influences now prevailing in oar se.
and colleges and business houses in ? war that will make every father
mother stop and think.
Graphic realism and a noble idealism combine to make it one of
most remarkable studies of modern American life which has ever 1
Prtoo $1.50 ?wit. Potto?* Ritra, At AU Buotttiwrm.
E. P. DUTTON & CO., 681 Fifth Avenue, Hew Y
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