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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED ^a_m_-?**^ *_?>?_? -_ y Vol. LXXVIII No. 26,165 First to Last?the Truth: ?Jt_**^___-*** ?l?? Tin? Ttrlbiine Aaa*n News ? Editorials ?* ?Advertisements -irtbttu. WEATHER laOcal inhowers to-day. Sunday prob? ably fair- Moderate west? erly winds. * Foil ft*v_rt ?_ P_a_e 7 arlbun? Aa**n] SATURDAY, JULY 6? 1918 * * * TWO C,'K>T8 ! In Greater Sear far*, ?nd mm'jlin? distant* THttn_ rmrtrn House Votes ToTake Wires; Senate Delays Word From Wilson Leads Upper House to Put Off Action Likely to Wait Till Recess Ends, Aug. 12 Representatives Stand 221 to 4 for Measure on Eve of Strike WASHINGTON, July C?While the House was hastily adopting the resolu? tion authorizing government operation during the war of all telegraph, tele? phone, cable and radio systems in the United States, Senate leaders to-night received word from President Wilson which they interpreted as indicating his willingness to have the final enact? ment of the resolution postponed until after Congress returns from its mid? summer vacation. Leaders in both houses to-night went ghesd with plans for a recess late to? morrow night until August 12, and it ?ms said they would be put through unless the President to-morrow insists upon immediate passage of the tele? graph resolution by the Senate. After conferences with Senate lead- : ers, Majority Leader Kitchin gave no? tice in the House that to-morrow, after disposition of the conference reports on the army and agricultural appropria? tion bills, he would offer a concurrent resolution for a recess until August 12. House Approves Measure The telegraph resolution was adopted by the House to-night by a vote of 221 to ?i, after a spirited debate in which Democratic leaders said the President had expressed a desire for its passage at once, and some Republicans had charged that the authority proposed for the President would be used to further the interests of the Democratic party. To expedite passage o? the resolu? tion, the House previously had adopted I by a viva voce vote a rule limiting gen- j era! d?bete to two hours. : The resolution will be sent to the j Senate to-rcorrow, with leaders there j ?planning its reference to the Inter state Commerce Committee for study and probab.y nearing during the re- ! cess. rtegardiess of the recess plans, Senate leaders said its adoption by i next Monday, the date for which the I strike of operators employed by the i Western Union Telegraph Company is called, is not possible. Should the President insist to-mor? row upon immediate action?which leaders regarded as doubtful?Admin? istration spokesmen said that un- ! doubtec?y the recess would be delayed ' several days. Wide varmnce of the views of Sen- i ate and House leaders on the Presi- ; dent's position were apparent during; the day. Chairman Pou of the Housse Rules Committee told the House that he had discussed the subject with Sec? retary Tumulty, and that the latter had informed him the President de? sired the House to adopt the resolu? tion before the recess. Letter From President Several hours later, while the Hoii3e I was debating the measure, Senator 'Martin, of Virginia, Democratic leader of the Senate, received a letter from the President, asking him to make an investigation and advise the President whether it would be "practical," un? der all conditions in Congress to se? cure action by the Senate at an early date. Senator Martin sent a reply saying that disposal of the resolution before the recess would not be prac? ticable. Upon the assumption that the Presi? dent had not asked for 'mmediate ac? tion, leaders of both houses, prepared for clearing up all pressing legislation to-morrow, if possible, and have Con? fess recess until August. Adoption of the conference report ?n the $12,085,000,000 army appropria? tion bill, which was presented to-day, ?vote by the House on the'Senate's '2.50 wheat and a clean-up of appro? priation and other minor measure? is to-morrow's programme with a view to recess. Under the present plan, war-time Prohibition and woman suffrage would ?to over until Congress it-convenes in August, thoujrh some leaders thought prohibition advocates might keep Con? gress over until next week in a final effort to pass the Norris prohibition amendment to the $11,000,000 emer? gency agricultural appropriation. Compensation Provided , Before taking favorable action on j toe telegraph resolution the House ! adopted, by. a vote of 66 to 61, an j amendment by Representative Esch, of i "isconsin, providing that the compen- j cation of the telegraph companies shall I ?e fixed by the President and that if j -he amount ?3 unsatisfactory the com- | Panies shall receive 75 per cent of the i amount pending adjustment in the I courts. An amendment by Representative ; t?? r' ?* *s"t'w' Jersey, proposing that ">*: government be permitted to relin- i QUish the systems at any time without ! Citing until the end of the war was | Seated. In the discussion of the resolution i ?yeral members, including Represent- j ?ive Miller, of Minnesota, questioned ! g authenticity of the report that j ?'resident Wilson had given the reao- ! '?ion his unqualified indorsement. The ' *"arp*e that if the systems were taken i tret they would be used to the politi- j 5 advantage of the Democratic party ! *** made by Representative Fordney, I 'Michigan (Republican). "an * 'la8 been no reason yet ad need why the government should n.,' ?rr tne8? lines," said Mr. Ford P? a presurr'*? one reason is that tho ?jiinu believes his son-in-law ^'l manage them better than the ?it f.8U:p'5?*n,-endenta now arc- mar.ag rJL* ..***? and 1 suppose ho will ap ?W* Mr. McAdoo to run them." ?^^yousure it will not be Mr. Bur Continued on page six Favor Tunnel Under The English Channel LONDON, July 6.? Strong support for the English Channel tunnel scheme from the French and Italian delegates was voiced yesterday nt the International Parliamentary Conference here. A resolution in favor of constructing the tunnel WF.3 carried unanimously. It was estimated by the sponsors of the resolution that the passenger traffic from France alone would be 3,000,000 persons anually, instead of the 100,000 that travelled by steam? er before the war. The probable passenger and freight traffic be? tween Great Britain and the Conti? nent was figured at a profit of $5, 540,000, or 7 per cent on the tunnel company's capital of ?80,000,000 The tunnel, which should be com? pleted within five years of its com | mencement, would be worked, venti? lated and pumped by electricity, supplied from a power station in Kent, possibly ten miles or more inland. Miss Rankin Enters Race For Senate ? | Congresswoman, Assured of Nomination, Will Oppose Walsh (Special Dispatch to The Tribune) < WASHINGTON", July 6.--Jeannette Rankin, America's first Congresswom? an, announced to-night her candidacy : for the United States Senate. Miss! j Rankin will enter the Republican ! primary in Montana. No opposition j has developed so far as the primary j contest is concerned. Miss Rankin will oppose m the cron j i eral election Senator Thomas J. Walsh, I j Democrat, who was elected by tho Leg- ? ! islature after a hard fight six years j | ago. Senator Walsh, like Miss Rankin,] j has no opposition in his own party. Miss Rankin's announcemnt of her ] candidacy was simple. ? "I shall run for the United States ! Senate," she said. But that liltie statement will pre? cipitate a battle of ballots which will go down in history. It is confidently ex? pected by astute politicians here that before the tight ends Montana will have seen a campaign seldom before equalled in bitterness. Miss Rankin, whose j views are so radically progressive that | she is sometimes called a Socialist by | her enemies, has little love for the large copper interests of her state, and j they have no more affection for her. I Copper To Be an Issue ! Senator Walsh is liked by the copper men. He has been frequently given the I credit, during the consideration of the I first war revenue bill, for bolstering up | the Senate conferrees in their fight ; with the House to prevent a tax on i copper. It was this determination of the Sen? ate not to yield and permit the tax on ? copper desired by the House which pro- j ; voked the resentment it the time of i i Democratic Leader Kii?hin of the House, head of the conferrees on the bill for that body, i Miss Rankin has not hidden her op , position to the copper interests. She has denounced them in speeches on the floor. And being for or against the copper interests in Montana means more than any one who has never been there can comprehend. The feuds of the Ken? tucky mountains fade into insignifi : canee. Miss Rankin ha3 near and dear 1 relatives who arc on the side of the cop? per interests. When they meet the word copper is not mentioned. Miss Rankin's record in the House of Representatives has not been the quiet i career of most members of that body for the first term of their membership. Alone and single-handed she forced Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo to Continued on last page Hundreds-Drown as Excursion Steamer Upsets in River PEOR?A, 111., July 6.?Hundreds of people are believed to have been drowned when the excursion steamer, Columbia, overturned to-night in the Illinois River, five miles south of here. All available nurses and physicians have been summoned from Pekin, 111., which is near the scene of the accident. The boat jammed against the Peoria side of the river in a fog and tore a | huge hole in the bow of the boat. It sank almost immediately. Dozens of doctors and nurseH from this city have been summoned to the ! scene of the sinking. -,-, Tube Inquiry Authorized j WASHINGTON, July 5.?Investiga- | tlon by the Senate Interstate Com- : merce Committee into the taking over by the Railroad Administration of the Hudson River or McAdoo Tubes, con meeting New York with Jersey City, j was authorized to-day by the Senate. The committee is directed to inquire into tho reason for taking over the : lines, whether it was in accordance , with the railroad control act, and why the fares have been increased. End of War Is Demanded In Reichstag But Peace With Honor Is Insisted On by Schei? demann Clarify Aims, Socialists Ask They Will Co-operate With Government Only on That Condition <-?/ The United Press) AMSTERDAM, July F..?Philipp Schei? demann, leader of the majority Social? ists, replying in the German Reichstag Wednesday to Vice-Chancellor Payer's reproof for Socialist opposition to gov- ' ernment measures, declared ho had nothing to withdraw. "We will cooperate with the govern? ment only if the peace question is clarified," Scheidemann said. "The exasperation of the masses has reached its highest pitch," Scheide? mann added. "There is only one cry: 'End the war, but with honor.'" Scheidemann charged that the Ger? man press had been officially instructed how to comment on the recent astonish? ing utterances of Foreign Minister Kuehlmann. He declared that the greatest mili? tary victory, by itself, never will bring! peace?only an armistice. Scheidemann's action is regarded as important, as it was the lir_t time dur? ing the war that the majority Socialists had refused to vote for the government ? budget. It is bound to produce a far reaching effect on the people. It is learned that Scheidemann, in his recent conference with Pieter Troelstra, the Dutch Socialist leader at The Hague, declared the German Socialists will not support the government until ? the latter makes a reasonable step tow- j ard peace. This is the message, that I Troelstra wanted to bring to the Lon-1 don Labor Conference. 'Vorivaerts9 of Berlin Demands a Speedy Peace With Honori AMSTERDAM, July 5.?In a leading article the Socialist newspaper "Vor- | waerts," of Berlin, declares that the I desire of the German people for a | speedy peace with honor is so strong i that a sensible accommodation from the other side would be bound to lead to its realization. "Our enemies to-day," continues the | newspaper, "have the opportunity of j obtaining a peace not prescribed by I the war map, but based on the equi- I poise of the military and economic forces on both sides. "The policy of truth demanded by Philip Scheidemann (Socialist leader) requires an admission that the eco? nomic forces of the German people are I not inexhaustible, and the fact that v;e ! Continued on page four Sultan's Death Laid To Turk Revolution LONDON, July 5.?Reports have reached London from Dutch sources that the death of the Sul? tan of Turkey, Mohammed *V, which occurred Wednesday night, was not due to natural causes, and presumably was part of a revolutionary movement in the Ottoman Empire. Limited Home Rule for India ?Is Proposed Plan Outlined by Montagu Will Be Presented to Parliament LONDON, July 5.?Limited home rule for India and the creation of necessary legislative machinery there is recommended in a report which has been prepnred for presentation to Par? liament by Edwin Samuel Montagu, .Secretary for India, and Baron Chelms ford, Viceroy and Governor General of India, which was made public to-night by tho government. This report on constitutional reforms is the outcome of Mr. Montagu's six months' visit to India and covers about 300 pages. The document was signed at Simla on April 22 by Mr. Montagu and Baron Chelmsford and has the concurrence j of the Indian government, the Indian j Council and the members of the. mis? sion which accompanied Mr. Montagu on his visit. The report deals with every aspect i of Indian problems and ?lilhculties and j is a very great step in the direction of ; Indian home rule. Jts main recom? mendations arc: Completion of the edifice of local self-government, giving considerable measure of responsibility in various ' fields to provincial legislatures, which are to be composed of directly elected i representative.*; and which will act under the broadest franchise possible under Indian conditions. A vice-regal legislature which will be composed of two chambers, the sec? ond chamber being called "the Council of State." The creation of an Indian privy coun- I cil and a council of princes, with a pro? vision for the establishment of ma? chinery for the conducting of periodic inquiries to consider whether other subjects may be transferred to popular control A dispatch from Simla to Router's Limited,* says tne Indian 'government has caused ?t to be known throughout the provinces that it is the intention, as indicated in the Delhi conference, greatly to increase the strength of the Indian army. The government also is suggesting urgent consideration of the problem I of obtaining an additional number of \ British ortice.rs ?nd subordinates, pro? portionate to the contemplated in- | crease in the size of the Indian army, | from Europeans of a military ago now | employed in commercial business and ? occupations in India that are not essen? tial to war. ? THE MAN WHO WAS GOING TO EAT ALL WE COULD COOK U-Boat Sinks U. S. Transport Homeward Bound, 6 Missing; Germans Beaten Off at Hamel ??- a? 16,000-Ton Troopship Covington Torpedoed at Night When Un? der Convoy Remains Afloat Until Next Day FormerGerman Steam? er Cincinnati Sinks as Tugs Tow Her Toward Port WASHINGTON, July 5.?The American army transport Coving ton, homeward bound after landing ; several thousand soldiers in France, ? was torpedoed and sunk in the war j zone last Monday night. Six members of the crew are j missing. I All the other men, with the ship's | officers, have been landed at a I French port. No army personnel | or passengers were aboard. The Navy Department's an j nouncement to-night of the tor I pedoing of the Covington said none of the officers and men landed was "seriously injured." Apparently some of them were hurt, but the number probably was not given in Vice-Admiral Sims's disn-ntch. Ship Floats AU Night The Covington was struck at 9:1, o'clock Monday night while pro? ceeding with a fleet of other trans ports convoyed by destroyers. Th( submarine was not sighted. Th? transport remained afloat unti Tuesday, when efforts were mad? by another vessel and two tugs tc tow her to port, but she was toe badly damaged. The Covington formerly was th? Hamburg-American liner Cincin? nati, which was laid up at Bostor and taken over when the Unitec States entered the war. She wa: Continued on next page American Airmen Bring Down j 2 Germans at Chateau Thierry WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, July 5.?Four American aviators, Lieutenants Carlisle Rhodes, Terre Haute, Ind.; S. P. Thompson, Honeoye Falls, N. Y. ; Waldo N. Heinrichs, Gran ville, Ohio, and John Mitchell, Manchester, Mass., engaged in a thrill? ing air battle northwest of Ch?teau Thierry this morning. One German machine was driven down during the combat. It is believed Lieutenant Heinrichs sent the enemy airplane to earth. The four aviators were patrolling the lines five or six kilometres inside the German front when they encountered six enemy machines. The battle began at an altitude of 4,200 metres and continued until the machines had dropped to 2,200 metres from the earth. The combat lasted twenty minutes. An hour later eight American machines engaged with fifteen enemy airplanes at a height of 4,700 metres. The combat swayed backward and forward over the German and American lines, near Ch?teau Thierry. The German machines were higher, but the Americans manoeuvred their airp'.anes admirably. Suddenly one of the enemy airplanes dived and went spinning dowward, chased by two of the Americans, Lieutenants Ralph A. O'Neill, of Nogales, Ariz., and J. C. Raible, of New York. It is believed the German airplane was out of control during its plunge. Gen. Crowder Refuses To Be Promoted Civilian Aids Deserve Equal Credit for Draft Work, He Says (Special Dispatch to The Tribuna) WASHINGTON, July 5.?Major Gen? eral Enoch H. Crowder, Provost Mar? shal General and father of the draft army of the nation, to-day declined tho honor Congress sought to bestow on him by promotion to the rank of lieu? tenant general. In a letter to Representative Dent, chairman of the House Military Affairs Committee. General Crowder asked that the provision in the S12,000,000,000 military bill giving him the advanced rank be stricken out. The provision creating the rank was struck from the bill, which will be reported to the House for ratification to-morrow. General Crowder said that it would be unfair to accord him sucli honor without extending proper recognition to the thousands of others who de? served credit for the successful ad? ministration of the draft. The action of General Crowder, army men declared to-night, was another evi? dence of the officer's extreme fairness to his associates and expressive of his desire to see that he was not selected for signal honor from the great army of officers and civilians engaged so suc? cessfully in the fuliihnent of the gi? gantic task of initiating America's great armies. Fellow officers of Gen? eral Crowder, while not surprised at his refusal to accept the advanced rank, declared that it marked a prece dent in modern army annals. Satisfied to Do Duty In his letter to Chairman Dent Gen eral Crowder said: "That the provision in question in volves a compliment and a distinction which I value beyond anything in my '? military career is natural, and that the ' approval testified to by the vote of the , Senate gratifies me beyond the power ? of words to txpress is a ?imple state? ment of fact. "But after considerable reflection, and viewing the matter in a broad way, I am reluctant to allow the considera? tion of the proposed proviso to proceed any further. Praises His Assistants "Forty-eight states and three terri- ? torial headquarters and nearly 6,000 local and district boards, with an ag? gregate membership of nearly 18,000 citizens, assisted by legal and medical ? advisory lonnls in every jurisdiction, have cooperated with the national headquarters efficiently and honorably, many without compensation, in the superb teamwork which has produced j the gratifying result attain"d under , the selective service law. These re? sults embrace the registration of more , Continued on page four U. S. Transport, Afire At Sea, Makes Port WASHINGTON, July 5.?The United States army transport Henderson hus been afire at sea, but has made an Atlantic port in safety. There was no loss of life. Few details could be had at the Navy Department to-night, but it was said that the vessel was not badly damaged. It was not made known whether the Henderson was outbound or homeward bound, nor was there any information as to how the (kite occurred, ' ! U.S. Aid Gives Foch Power to | Strike in West : i | Battle Develops New Phase j j and Major Blow by Allies is Possible WASHINGTON, July 5?Increasing j man power and rapidly extending con i trol of the air have permitted the adoption of a new policy by General . Foch, supreme commander of the Al i lied armies on the Western front, in ? the opinion of many observers here. They believe the sequence of hard ? local blows that have been struck re? cently by French, American, British : and Italian troops shows that a new phase of the great battle is develop? ing which might expand into a major i operation on any part of the front where the situation is found favorable Reports of the recent highly success i ful strokes at the German lines are taken here to indicate that General ? Foch no longer feels under the urgen' ! necessity of keeping rigidly on the ! defensive in order to conserve his forces for the expected renewal of the j German offensive. The fact that the G? rmans have been completely sur : prised and overwhelmed in several j local counter operations is believed to be due to the work of the Allied air? men. American? Turn the Tide American aid has already served to change the tide of the lighting. The arrival of American troops by the hun? dreds of thousands has enabled Gen . eral Foch to begin harassing the enemy '. all along the line, while the increas I ing number of American pilots makes ! possible concentrations of air forces that sweep enemy scouts out of the sky in the sectors selected lor limited drives. The American attacks around Ch? Continued on next page Newspaper Economies Effective July 1 5 The United States government, through, the War Industries. Board, has issued the following : It is necessary that all news? papers put the following econo mies into effect July 15, 1918: Discontinue the acceptance of the return of unsold copies. ' Discontinue the use of samples or free promotion copies. Discontinue the arbitrary fore- , ing of copies on newsdealers. Discontinue all buying back of papers at either wholesale or re? tail prices from newsdealers of I agents. Discontinue the payment of salaries or commissions to agents, dealers or newsboys. Discontinue all free exchanges. To all newsdealers and the pub * lie: In compliance with the above, all morning, Sunday and evening papers of greater New York, as all newspapers elsewhere through the United States, will discon? tinue all allowances for returns beginning Monday, July 15, 1918. The public is requested to co? operate with the newsdealer by giving him before that date a definite advance order for the papers desired. NEW YORK MORNING AND EVENING NEWSPAPERS Australians, Aided by Our Men, Hold Gains Against Fierce Counter Blow Austrians Beaten On Lower Piave Corporal Kills Seven Teutons After Being Wounded in His First Battle The American army transport Cov? ington, formerly the Hamburg American liner Cincinnati, a ship of 16,000 tons, has been tor? pedoed and sunk in the war zone while on her way to the United States after landing American troops in France. Six of her crew are reported missing. The rest of the crew were landed at a French port. The Germans struck a counter blow at the positions won Thursday morning by the Australians and Americans at Hamel, south of the Somme, but were easily re? pulsed, Held Marshal Haig an? nounced yesterday. The toll of prisoners taken has reacne? 1,?500, it was announced officially. On the Southwest front the Italians continued their pressure on the retreating Austrians in the Piave delta, throwing them hack fur? ther and driving through their lines at several points to the main channel of the Piave. More than four hundred Austrians were taken prisoner. There has been marked air lighting over the American lines west of ('bateau Thierry. In two battle? with enemy aviators yesterday, although outnumbered six to four in the first and fifteen to eight in the second, the Americans dis? posed of two German machines, destroying one mid driving an? other (?own out of control. Ludendorff's new blow in ?the West again is reported imminent b\ observer.-. The long lull in tht large scale infantry futhting, th? violence of the German guns ir Flanders and Champagne and th? new concentrations of Germar troops for the supreme etfor would seem to bear out thii belief. Wounded American Kills Seven Germam In Hamel Battit LONDON, July 5.?The Ameri cans who took part in the fighting 01 Thursday at Villers Bretonneu were delighted with their share i the battle, says Reuter's corre_?pon(i ent at British Headquarters, tel? graphing from the front. He say they were quite new to any sort c warfare, and described the barrag fire as equal to the finest Fourth c July celebration. A young corporal, only twentj one years old, although too badi wounded to be taken immediately I the hospital and in great pain, ?ga-, his experience with relish, the corn spondent says. The American he killed seven Germans, which he coi sidered to be more than a fair ????qui' aient for his wounds. Kills 4 Germans With Bomb The young American's story fc lows : "With a few others I was worki? around a corner of Vaire Wood w?h< I came across some German machii guns in a wheat field. They we firing some special type of bull which is used against tank-. One these wounded me in the thigh. nevertheless crept clo-se enough throw a bomb which feil on one the guns and killed all four membe of its crew. I saw a man runni from behind the gun toward a d_ out and I followed and shot him. "As I **as retracing my steps sixth German stole up from behi rnd made a thrust at me with 1 bayonet. I was again wounded, I the German v&__ for his ?exploit wi