Newspaper Page Text
which he hail given to Renskorf,
Lyon & Co.. accompanied by a pledge of the stock ot the S. s. McClure Newspaper Corporation, had been surrendered to him in exchange for a $100,000 note in September, 1917. In other words, by giving his note for $100,000, he is alleged to have obtained a return of notes aggregat? ing in excess of $1,361,000 and stock representing the controlling interest in "The Evening Mail." Sielcken Denied Statement Rumely, according to Mr. Lewis, recently said it was Sielcken who put up the money in the transaction. Previously, he had stated Mrs. Adolphus Busch had contributed to the fund. Mrs. Busch, however, de? nies it, and the Columbia Trust Com? pany, executor of Herman Sielcken, a? well as Mr. Sielcken's partners in the firm of Crossman & Sielcken. .-t?te that, so far as they know, Mr. Sielcken had nothing to do with the transaction. Hermann Sielcken was a naturalized German who made millions out of the coffee trade hove. According to spe? cial agents who have been investigat? ing the case, he returned to Germany some time ago, where he has since died. Attorney General Lewis, discussing thi? crrest with newspaper men last night, said: "Mr. Becker, under my direction. has been engaged for several weeks investigating the activities of Dr. Rumely. That investigation cul? minated this evening in the arrest. The investigation was conducted at the request of A. Mitchel Palmer, Custodian of Enemy Alien Property, and was made in close cooperation with the United States Department of Justice. "It is charged that, Rumely made false statements as to the ownership of "The Evening Mail" properties. $1.361,000 Paid to Rumelj "I call attention to the fact that $1,361,. '.vus paid to Rumely at various tirr.es by Dr. Albert and Count von Bernstorff. This amount was derived from the sale in the United State:-- of German war loan bonds. In other words. American citizens furnished the money which enabled the purchase of "The Even? ing Mail" and the use of the prop t rty for the purpose of spreading (i"i man propaganda. "It is interesting to note that the firm of A. Amsinck & Co.. through which all the Polo Pacha funds passed, handled some of the money. Adolf Pavenstedt, a colleague of Bolo, who vas active in the affairs of this firm, is now interned at Camp Ogle ihorpe. He was the managing direc? tor and !?.':.ding spirit in the concern." As an example of the process used to transfer the money to Rumely, Attor? ney General Becker pointed out de? posits with the Equitable Trust I'nm pany, on April 10, 1915, just before the purchase of "The Mail" took place. One deposit was for 550,000 from St. Louis, another for $150,000 from Chicago. still another from Chicago for $100, 1)00, and another from St. I.nuis for $50,000. "These were from the sale of German war bonds," said Mr. Becker. "Then," continued the Attorney General, "Dr. Albert wrote to the ! quitable Trust Company as follows: "Please issue your cahiers' check for .- 150.000 and charge to account of J. Bernstorff and n yscl.'." There ware similar ins! ructions to the Hanover National Bank involving aii amour,: of $350,000 and to the Co? lumbia Trust < ompany for $200,000. All 'hese checks were made payable to Walter Lyon, but Mr. Becker explained that these checks were not given 'to Lyon direct, but to Dr. Albert, who in tarn gave them to Lyon. Then Lyon indorsed them to the order ?if Rens ". Lyon & Co., and the money was all "? ?i 'i the bank account of the firm. On June 1. 1915, a check on the Manhattan Company which is in the ooss ision of Mr .flecker read: "Pay to the order of Walter Lyon $735,000 (signed) Renskorf, I.yon and Com? pany." This ? ieck was indorsed "Pay oi 1er of Edward A. Rumely." Bernstorff Passed on Editorials Mr. Becker, when asked whether or not "The Mail" would be taken over by the Alien Property Custodian, said: "Mr. Palmer has been keeping in close touch with the situation and has requested that the investigation be :ontinued. He probably will announce his I'.l'ui? at the proper tune.'' V the time of the purchase of "The Mail" Mr. Becker said there wer" be? tween $400,000 ?nd $500,000 worth of bond -? on standing. The greal ir por? tion of these is owned by Mr. Stod dard but itumely owns some, and since the paper lias come into his lia m Is he has been t he cont rol ling spj rit. other arrest, arc looked for to-day he ? ?.. ernment is in posse ssi< n ol omplete i vidence against all associated with Rumely in the enterprise. The affairs of "The Mail" were investigate! by Chief ( liarles F. De Woody, of th< Department of Justice, shortly aftei he was assigned to New i'ork, and it is known that he made a full report U Washington. 1'rior to the declaration of war, it was learned last night, a copy of every editorial to appear in the paper was forwarded to Count vor. Bernstorff ir Washington for his O K before it was isl ed in the paper. The govern? ment knows who '.'m: messenger was and it is likely he will be taken ii custody to-d ly. Rumely To Be Arrigned To-day I>r. Rumely will be arraigned before ( ommissioner Hitchcock this morning It is understood that the entire mat ter will be presented to the Federa Grand Jury by Mr. Harper th..s week. The original outlay tor the purchast ? f "The Mail" amounted to $740,000 which was paid on May 27, 1915. Tlu money was used to buy the controlling stock. Rumely dealt with Dr. Albert (\1 later dates, because of the falling off in circulation and advertising be cause of the pro-German policy, it was necessary for the German financia agents to advance mote money to kief the paper from suspending. Thest later payments amounted, to $621,000. In explaining how some of the monej used in the purchase of "The Mail' was obtained, Mr. Becker exhibitec what he termed the Hays. Kaufmar ?ft Lindheim account No. .45. This exhibit showed that Dr. Albert had ad? vanced money to .lohn Simon, who ir turn advanced it to the W. E. Greer Commission Company, of St. Louis This fund was to be used in getting a carero of grain to Geimany by way of Scandinavia on the steamship Wil hemina. The vessel win? seized by tht British as she noared t_??? European coast. This was early In 1915, On October ?. 191G, the Creen con? cern owed Simon $258,000, but instear of paying the money to him, according to Mr. Becker, it was paid at the di? rection of Dr. Albert to Hays, Kauf man & Lindheim for Albert and vor Bernstorff, and was later used in help ing to finance "The Evening Mail." Assistant United States Attorney Harold Harper, who handled the efts? for the government before Commission? er Hitchcock, said that he was con , vinced that Henry L, Stoddard knew nothing of the alleged German money Dr. Edward A. Rumely ment of the paper, but still holds most Of the outstanding bonds. When the United Sates declared war on Germany Mr. Stoddard threatened to foreclose the bonds unless "The Evening Mail" expressed loyality to this country in every way. Propaganda Directed Against Britain In answer to questions as. to the at? titude of the paper before the war, Mr. Harper said: "I think that most of the propaganda in 'The Evening Mail' prior to the declaration of war was directed against Great Britain. Of the actions of the paper since the outbreak of hostilities I have nothing to say." Recently, when three New York news? papers printed a story about opposition to Mrs. William Randolph Hearst's name over the door of the canteen for soldiers at the Public Library, two of the papers, "The Times*' and The Trib? une, were sued for libel. No action, however, was instituted against "The Evening Mail." Dr. Rumely, who is forty-three years oid and lives at 84 West 103d Street, has many and varied interests. Be? sides being engaged in the newspaper business he was secretary of the M. Rumely Company, of Laporte, Ind., which manufactured agricultural im? plements, and, as founder of the Inter l.'ike'i School, of which he is president, had written several books embodying novel ideas on educational matters. Moreover, after having attended the University of Notre I ?ame and the University of Heidelberg, he studied at the University of Freiburg, which in 1906 granted him the degree of doctor of medicine. Rumely Interested in Farming Scientific farming interested Dr. Rumely greatly at that time, and he developed a mechanical tractor as a substitute for horsepower in farming. 1!>, became at a little later date one of the officers of tin- M. Rumely Com? pany, of I.a Porte, manufacturers <>f farm machinery, and said to be one of the largest incorporated organiza? tions in the Middle West. His interest in both agricultural anil industrial affairs brought Dr. Rumely much to tin- foreground in organiza? tions interested in all such affairs. He was mad?1 a director and member of the state committee of the National Association for Promotion of Indus trial Training and was also a member of the American Association of Agri? cultural Engineers. Dr. Rumely is the author of several magazine articles on both agricul? tural ?md industrial subjects. lie wrote a book called ''To Teach Boys to Live." containing an outline of new and advanced ideas on education, and collaborated with. L. W. Ellis in writ? ing "Power and the Plow." La Porte, Ind.. continued to claim Dr. Rumely as a resident up to the time of his purchase of "The Evening .Mail." lie th? n removed to this city. Managing Editor Surprised John E. Cullen, managing editor of "The Evening Mail," ?is a member of the machine gun company of the 7th Regiment. He was at the armory for drill last night. Over the telephone Mr. Cullen said the arrest of Dr. Rumely was a groat surprise to him. In his capacity as managing editor Mr. Cullen declared lie was concerned solely with the news end of the paper, and had nothing what? soever to ??o with its editorial policy. In his departan '. Mr. Cullen added, he was not interiored with in any way. Further than that, he said, he*could make no statement at the present time. Arthur Gariield Hays, of the law firm ?>r Hays, Kaufmann & Lindheim, through which, Attorney Genera! Lewis said, passed German government cash, with which "The Evening Mail" was to be purchased, declined last night to make any statement. Informe?! that Mr. Lewis declared that $75,000 in bills passed at one time through the hands of the firm in connection with the transaction, Mr. Hays still refused to affirm or deny the "statement. Asked whet-er his firm had acted as counsel to the German Embassy, he replied: "In some matters, yes." "Mail's" Future Not Yet Decided On by Alien Property Head (S7>ccial Dispatch to The Tributa ) WASHINGTON, July 8.?A. Mitchell Palmer, Alien Property Custodian, was not prepared to-night to say what dis? position he would make of "The New York Evening Mail." He sai?! that he liad not been in? formed of the arrest of Ed. A. Rumely, although his department for some time has had nkowlodge of the fact that "The; Mail" was purchased by funds furnished by Dr. Albert and the purchase made with enemy money in the name ?;f Rumely. Mr. Palmer said that th" question ?f seizing th" property and continuing tlie publication liad not, yet been de? termined. He said that the plant was mortgaged and that it hid been operat? ing at a loss for some time. "Mail" Suspected Of Pro-Germanism Since War Began The suspicion of pro-Germanism has hung about "The Evening Mail" ever since the war began. Sir.ce the United States joined the Allies this suspicion has been vague and attributable to no certain source. Part of.it was due to the frankly Germanophile tone of the paper in the years ?luring which the nation held aloof from the European conflict. Part of it cam?' from the persistent rumor that "The Mail" was owned by German interest--, or at least was being sub- ; sidiied by German money. When the war was still outside our, doors "The Mail" supported the Ger- ' man cause in its taws, editorials and cartoons. When America entered the conflict it apparently suffered a com? plete change of heart and supported the Allied cause, Dr. Rumely took up his active di? rection of the paper in May, 1915, when a syndicate of which S. S. I McClure was reported to be the head i nounccment of this purchase was mude it nlso bectttno known that Dr. Rumely hnd bough I a substantial in* t.Vi'st in the concern. McClure Denies Pnv-Germanium At (his time insinuations of pro Germanism wero being so porsistentl.v liir?eti-d ngainsl the paper that Mr. McClure felt coiled u'lion to issue a ?internent in which he not only pro ..., ?",--.' "The Mail" a wholly Ameri - n iririm, but nlso paid n tribute to ?i <? ability t.r.d patriotism of Dr. '?'< umel", "Dr. I'umeU." he seid, "an old, ?d?! Mien?! of mine, who bus comfortably helped me in many matters, is a German university num. 1 think you *.v i il find few better Americans." Henry L. Stoddard, editor of "The ..I:.it." also denied the rumor that. German influences were at work upon his paper. ??The talk that a syndicate of Ger? m-ins will take control is pure moon? shine," he said. "A few months ago .: substantial lookinir German called on us. He informed me that there were four papers in New York City on the market ami that 'The Evening Mail" was one of them. " 'You may be three-quarters right, but for your purposes the paper is not tor sale.' 1 told him when he made known that lie was negotiating for some Germans." Paper Expand? Rapidly Following tin* purchase oi the paper by the McClure syndicate, it expanded rapidly. In September. L91G, it- took over th.* Lupton Building, at, Lilt City Hall Place, and also rented the struct? ure at 21 City Hall Place, formerly the Deutscher Presse Club. Since the first of July "The Mail" has been publishing on its editorial page a. si ries of articles signed E. A. R. (Edward A. Rumely), under the cap? tion "War mu! Reconstruction Policies of 'The Evening Mail.'" These were mainly suggestions for making Ameri? cans moie efficient ami belter off eco? nomically in war or peace. McClure Astounded, He Says, Denying He Is Pro-German "! was never more nstounded in my life," ?ieclared S. S. McClure, former editor-in-chief* of "The Mail" under the Rumely regime and whose name was used in forming the corporation which operates it. though be put no money into the concern. "It is a surprise, a very great surprise. "I became acquainted with Dr. Rumely through my boy. Dr. Rumely runs a very line school at La Porte, Ind., where my boy Henry, now a ser? geant in the 76th Artillery in France. was a student. That was in It'll. I found Rumely to be very much in? terested in matters that 1 was. For ex? ample, we were both Progressives in politics. In 1915 Dr. Rumely, who had always had a strong leaning toward journalism, arranged to get 'The Mail.' 1 arranged to go with him, he to look out for the business and financial end and I tile editorial. 1 did not know then, nor did I inquire where the money cam?* from. 1 am an editor, and 1 left, the financial end to him. "Some time after 1 went to 'The Mail' ' differences of opinion arose, and I thereafter devoted my time during the life of the contract, to travel itt Europe. The contract expired last year, since which 'time 1 have had nothing to do with 'The Mail.' In th?* mean time I visited eighteen countries in Europe and Asia and published my book, 'Ob? stacles to Peace.' i .(-aw and met many , of the biggest men in these countries. Much of the material I leathered went to the government in a confidential re-, port. For a matter of some three ; months, in fact, I worked for the De- '? partment of Justice. "More recently 1 have been engaged in writing another book and have been in New York very little." "What was the nature of your dif? ferences with Dr. Rumely." Mr. Mc? Clure was asked. "No man, with the exception of De lane, of 'The Condon Times.' was ever really the editor of a paper he did not own. Dr. Rumely is a forceful, ener? getic young man and considerable of a Socialist, and naturally insisted on be? ing his own editor." Some ofJVlr. McClure's articles have been interpreted as pro-German. Re? garding this he said: ; "In this war 1 have been very pro- : English; no man could be more so. Dr. Rumely, by education and instinct, tended the other way. He was. as you know, educated in Germany. He was born in this country, as was his father before him. His grandfather was born in Germany and -vas one of the Forty eighters, one of the Schurz school. His grandmother was a French woman. "However, 1 did not know of any German connections Rumely might have had. When our differences arose 1 went away, and remained away until my contract expired. 1 have seen little of him since." Pro-German Stand Worries Spaniards Events Show Many Would Have Preferred Friendli? ness to Allies BARCELONA, Spain, July 8.?Signs are not wanting in a certain section of the Spanish press of uneasiness as to what tin vi rdict of history may lie on Spain's attitude during the war. In spite of a well organized propaganda in the form of a constant deluge of false information throughout the country by means of subsidized news? papers, and in spite of the undoubted pro-German sentiment, of the army and a similar sentiment in other influential quarters, the indications are that event.-! arc slowly bringing home to the average Spaniard a sense of doubt as to whether his country's interests after all would not have been better served bv a neutrality frankly friendly to the Allies. 'I he machinations of the German es? pionage system have in' several in? stances been glaringly exposed. One of the Madrid ciaiiy newspapers, al? though it nas several times been sup? pressed by tb.e military censorship, has succeeded in bringing to light activi? ty.?; by the German Embassy in con? nection with the iabor troubles in Spain last year. Within the last few weeks one of the chiefs of the Barce? lona police was accused of being in league with the German consulate spy bureau for the purpose of assisting submarines along the coast. It is current.y reported that the dis? covery of the police official's complicity was made by ati expert pickpocket who, in tlie course of his professional ac? tivities, came into possession of a pocketbook containing several compro? mising communications signed by the official m question. The thief at once recognized the value of the documents and sold them to the editor of a So? cialist newspaper, who lost no time in publishing them und in bringing grave charges against the ponce of aiding German submarines to sink Spanisn merchant vessels. After some delay the police official was arrested, and investigations now being made are expected ;o bring in? teresting information to light. _ The splendid achievement of the United States m sending an army of a million men across the Atlantic in so short a time and the mettle which that army already has shown have not been lost on the people here, who at first were inclined to belittle the American Irishman Landed , By U-Boat Put on Trial for Treason ? Prosecutor Quotes German i Promise of Aid for Re? bellion in U. S. Gerard's Acts Praised j Witness Declares American Ambassador'*-. Kindness Saved Prisoners' Lives ? LONDON, July 8.?The trial by court martial opened here to-day of Corporal ' Joseph Dowling, who landed on the Irish Const in a German collapsible boat two months ago and who since has been a prisoner in the Tower of London. Corporal Dowling, in civilian clothes, was brought to the court in an auto ! ambulance handcuffed to ; British I soldier and accompanied by a non-com i missioned officer, armed with a re I volver. Lord Cheylesmore presided 1 over the court. Corporal Dowling, who is slim in j build, of medium height and of a wide ; awake appearance, pleaded not guilty to the formal charges, which are under three heads: First, that while ho was a prisoner of war in Germany he joined . a hostile force; second, that he en I deavored to induce others to join; l third, that he participated in an at-I tempt to land a hostile force in Ire? land. Outlines German Plot Sir Archibald Bodkin, the prosecu? tor, described at great length the Ger? man plot launchhed at the end of 1011 for the formation of an "Irish brigade," .'nur. among the Irish taken prisoner on the British front. The scheme, Sir Archibald said, was repudiated by most of the prisoner:?, but Dowling anil , a few others joined the brigade and acted as recruiting agents. The prosecutor described the means v^e? by the Germans to induce Irish- I men to join, and in particular the Ger man promises to them, reading: "At the end of the war the German j government undertook to pend every i member of the Irish brigade to the United .States." Sir Archibald Bodkin rend a long document, issued by the Germans at Limburg Camn, which said: "The [rich in America are collecting money for this brigade. Join the new unit anal win your independence. The Irish brigade is to light solely for the cause of Ireland, with the moral and! matarial assistance of the German gov- I err. men*." Prisoner's False Story The story told by Prosecutor Bodkin of the arrival cf Corporal Dowling in Ireland follows: "On April 12 fishermen, going out from the harbor of the Clare Coast, saw a man waving a handkerchief on n*.i island half a mile from the shore. He .??aid he bad been washed ashore from the topedoed ship Mississippi during the night. He paie! the fishermen five shill? ings to land him at Ballyalinc Pkr, where he gave his name as James O'Brien, and described the torpedoing of the Mississippi with great detail, statins that the ship came from Bal? timore. "Later i': the day his collapsible boat, of undoubted German manufact? ure, was washed ashore. Dowling had seventy pounds of English money. IK; sai'! he come from the United States to see Irish friend-' before joining the American army. Prosecutor Bodkin, in his address, described the German method of deal? ing with Irish prisoners. Privileges for Dupe?; "?hose who joined the Irish bri? gade," lie said, "were allowed distinc? tive uniforms, special rations and side arms, and mingled freely with the German officers and men. Those who stuck to their oaths of allegiance were treated shamefully, their lations were reduced and every effort was made to punish them for their conduct. Yet fifty-three was the total number of recruits the Germans secured after a long campaign among the Irish pris? oners. "The feeling against- Dowling was very strong among the loyal prisoners, and on one occasion he was bandied so roughly that the German sentries- had to come to his assistance." Prosecutor Bodkin declared the whole story told by Dowling regardng the circumstances of his landing and the purpose of his visit was untrue, as Dowling later admitted. Visited by His Brother "IB' \rns brought to London," con? tinued the prosecutor, "and detained at the Tbwer, where his brother visited him. "He told his brother that lie came in a submarine. If he should now try to explain that he came in the char? acter, of an escaped prisoner, our an? swer is that escaped war prisoners are not provided with passage in German submarines." The first witness called was a British soldier, John Cronin, a former prisoner at Limburg. He described a visit he paid to Sir Roger Casement when the latter was attempting to raise an Irish brigade in Germany. Casement's efforts, he testified, were assisted by an Irish priest named Father Nicholson, v.no ' was a frequent visitor to the camp. "We should all have been dead but for the kindness of Ambassador Ge? rard," testified Private O'Sullivan, formerly a prisoner at Limburg, during the afternoon sessicm. "We were actually starving and naked when Mr. Gerard visited us and secured us a supply of parcels and clothing from England. We would have starved but iff this, as tii" Germans cut the ra? tions down twice as a punishment for failing to join Dowiing's Irish legion." Private O'Sullivan further testified that Corporal Dowling, in his recruit? ing attempts, was several limes ac? companied by a man in civilian clothes, who posed as a prominent Irish-American and who declared trie movement had the support of Irish Americans. Dowling and this man, the witness .'-aid. declared the Irish Brigade would number 15o.oi.iii men, who would be landed in Ireland and would be as sisted there by a large German force. New York Man's Name Among CanadianW ounded OTTAWA. July s .?The following American names appear in to-day's overseas casualty list: Died?Captain F. II. Elliott, Kos-: lindale, Mass Wounded?E. T. Hulett, Eik Creek, Cal.; J. Flynn, St. Paul, Minn.; M. G. Collins, Kingsley, Iowa; C. A. Dixon, Syracuse, N. Y.; A. Deniers. New Bed? ford. Mass.; M. J, McHall. 117 Charles' Asks Revocation of Priest's Citizenship ! Because the Rev. Francis Gross, a 1 Hungarian priest, In Perth Amboy, N. J., is faiiid to hnve renounced ullegiance 1 to America, Charles F. Lynch, United Stales District Attorney for New Jer 1 scy, has made application for the re I vocation of his American citizenship papers, grantd on March 11, HMO. "I am a Hungarian and nothing else," the Rev. Mr. Gross is reported to have said. "Neither Perth Amboy nor the United Stales government nor the Vesuvius volcano can turn me into something else." "I want you all to be like me," he : ir, said to have told his congegation, ; "The leaders of the United Si ales government have all ?cone crazy. They have lost their brains and heads. They ' are running th" country t?> deal uc tion. Even ?he Cardinal in Boston has gone crazy, for did he not on Than!.giving Hay pray for victory for [ America ?" From the pulpit lie is alleged to have said on the Sunday following the ! Halifax disaster that God had visited that punishment on America and her I allies. "1 have not, bought Liberty bonds ! because I was sent here from Hungary to take charge of the parish and I mny have to return there after peace ' has been declared," he explained to j solicitors for the Last bond issue. ; "What shall I say when my people | ask me whether 1 contributed to help ? America win tin? war? My sister has a : son in the Hungarian army and, sup I pose he was killed, what could I say ; to her?" Tai another minister he is reportd to have said: "I received a letter from a bishop ordering me to pray for American vic? tory, hut I never have prayed for such victory. 1 am willing to pray for a victory for the German and liun j garian armies." j Cleveland Abbe, Jr., Dropped by U. S. For Pro-Germanism Correspondence Reveals Reason for 'Weather Re? view' Editor's Dismissal WASHINGTON. July 8.?-Official cor? respondence made public to-day <ii*' closed that Cleveland Abhe, jr., editor of "The Monthly Weather Review," re? cently dropped from the government services, was dismissed because of "his well known sympathies for the impe? rial German government." Mr. Abbe, son ami namesake of lie' man who devised the present system of daily weather reports and one of the best meteorologists in the world, ?.vas educated in Germany and married a German girl. He has "indignantly de? nied" the charges against him and has asked a hearing for the purpose of re? plying to them specifically; Well Known Sympathies Transmitti'ng Secretary Houston's brief letter of dismissal, 0. F. Marvin, chief of the Weather Bureau, wrote .Mr. Abbe: "The reasons for this action are con ! nected altogether with your conduct ! and generally well known sympathies for the imperial German government. A searching inquiry of your innermost heart in respect to your attitude tow : ard the United States government must ; convince you that patriotism and genu ; ine loyalty to the United States are absolutely incompatible with friendly sentiment for Germanism." ! Mr. Marvin informed Mr. Abbe that ; his dismissal resulted from an investi 1 gation by the Department of Justice initiated "entirely by outside sources." I Replying to what he termed the "un? just and even insulting accusations," Mr. Abbe declared: "Subscribed to Loans" "You know that 1 have always dis? tinguished between the German peo? ple's and the actions of the German government since 191 !. 1 ask to regis? ter my indignant denial of any friend? ly feeling toward or sympathy for the imperial German government and my abhorrence of its official acts. ! als.i repudiate indignantly the suggestion that I have or could have anything in common with what is now currently known as Germanism. "It should not be necessary, but once again do protest my sincere, gen nine and undivided loyalty to tin. United States and to its government its ide.als and particularly its pub lished objects in this war. "It is well known to yen that I hav? subscribed to the extent of my abilit; to the second and third Liberty leans to the Red Cross and its work and t? other activities." Binder Gets ?0 Years Under Espionage Aci Stephen Binder, author of "Light on Truth," a book which strongly indorse the attitude taken by William Rando'.p Hearst and Hearst newspapers regate ir.g the war and denounced the stan o* the New York Tribune, convicted o two counts for violation of the espicr ?'?go !aw, was sentenced fco ten yeai imprisonment on each count by Jodg Garvin in the United States Distvh Court in Brooklyn yesterday. The two terms will rim concurrent! and Binder will serve his sentence i the Federal penitentiary at Atlant Ga. "At this critical time in world hi tory," said Judge Garv?n, "with tl future of civilization itself, it may b depending upon the rapidity with whi< the army and navy of the United Stet? can be assembled and upon the patrio ism and loyalty of the men under .-"in you have attempted to strike a blow: the very heart of the nation. "Sentence is imposed ?*?>?? primari to punish you, but to protect all Ante icans. You hav.? shown no feeling regret and there is every reason believe that, if you were set at libert you would continue to commit t crimes of which you have been to vicied." Binder lived at 401 Bainbnj Street, Brooklyn, and kept a meat ma l;et at 223 Ralph Avenue. Hoboken Protests at German Club Licen; Residents of Hoboken protested Judge Blair in Jersey City yesterd concerning a liquor license which granted Friday to the German Club Hoboken. They informed the jud that the German Club occupies t northeast corner of Sixth and Huds streets and that a new naval barrai is on the southwest corner of the sa thoroughfares. The German Club, they asserted, ** therefore in the barred zone. Juc Biair f-aid that he would recon.si? Threat to Wife Made Lyons Tell ;OfO'Leary,HeSays i Revealed Fugitive's Where? abouts to Prevent Woman's Indictment as Perjurer Her Immunity Assured Government's Witnes?-. Stick to Story He Told in First Trial The threat of an indictment against his wife for perjury finally persuaded Arthur Lyons to inform the govern? ment, of the whereabouts of Jeremiah O'Leary anil full details of the ?sinn Fein leader's sensational flight West. Such was t'n?' admission Colonel Thomas B. Felder wrung from the gov? ernment's star witness yesterday, when the retrial of John .1. O'Leary on the charge of having conspired to aid in Jeremiah's flight was resumed before Judge Augustus N. Hand in the United States District Court here. "When 1 got hack here fiom the West," saiai Lyons, "my wife told me a stci'j that appealed t?? me very great? ly, ami she urged me to teil all that I know and get this whole thing square. While I'd been gone, she said, agents of the Department of Justice had been constantly questioning her, and that for approximately twelve or fifteen days she'd been brought over hero to the offices of the department and questioned. "Also she had been made to go be? fore the grand jury and testify. Ai a result of what she had said then, I knew that she'd spend a term in jail if something wasn't (lone, and believe me, I'd rather that tin' whole world was ion! up for twenty years than that that lit!1?: woman had to .???end a single night in prison." "And so you told them where they could find Jeremiah O'Leary?" asked Colonel Felder. "Government agents had already seen Jerry in Vancouver with me," snapped back Lyons. "But you told them the precise spot where they could locate him?" persisted John O'Leary's counsel. "Vos, eventually," said the witness. "And you did this with the under? standing that your wife wouldn't be prosecuted ?" "Ves, sir." From a legal standpoint the session yesteiday was decidedly the most in? teresting of the entire case. Since his original appearance at the first trial, the testimony of Lyons hr.d bea.?n flatly contradicted in all its most essential points, principally by Jeremiah O'Leary himself. At tin? retrial, Father Patrick O'Donnell, the priest to whom it has been shown Jerry made confession be- j fore, boarding the St. Louis flyer, had j added other statements irreconcilable to the L-?Oiis narrative, yet in the re? telling, Lyons stuck item to item,' throughout his lengthy and infinitelyI intricate tale to the version he origin- ! ally Set forth. On cross-examination, though Colo? nel Felder read him at length from the conflicting minutes of the previous i 'liai, he still maintained that he was telling the undiluted truth. Jerry O'Leary gave him a $100 bill v.it li which to buy ticket? to St. Louis. not four twenties, as Jerry subsequent? ly swore; lohn O'Leary, the defendant in the present action, was the man who actually purchased the tickets in ques? tion; John O'Leary accompanied Jerry i and himself right up to the Pennsyl? vania Station, and did not, as other witnesses have testified, go instead to his own oflice. Nothing could shake Lyons from these statements. As at the first trial, however. Lyons' explicitly exonerated John from any suspicion of knowledge that Jerry in? tended?-if he did to attempt flight at. the time he left New York, presumably bound ?'v Ren?.), for the purpose, ac? cording to L...OI1-, of trying a divorce case. Lyons also swore that John had in nowise been notified of the proposed attempt to escape after Jerry had de tcrmincd upon that course at- -Lyons says Ogden, Utah. So strong were his statements upon this ?-core that it was the general expectation through? out the courtroom that Colonel Felder was going lo ask for a dismissal of the entiie ? .?^e against John. Instead, however, be veered about and subjected the witness to a pro? tracted grilling on the methods pur? sued by the Department of Justice in eliciting information. Later Colonel Felder asserted that he had adopted this course in order to "show up the system " He added that Lyons had committed himself to many incon? sistencies, which will be fully exploited by the defence later, particularly those with respect to Mme. Victorica, about whom there was considerable talk yes? terday that led apparently nowhere. Whin Lyons was finally excused from the stand, his place was taken by his wife. She corroborated her husband's story of his conversations with her on the night before the leave taking. After her the st?nographe* who wa.; to nave taken dictation from Jeremiah O'Leary, the man who sole him a pair of glasses shortly befort he boarded the train for the West anc the barber who shaved him earlier thai same morning repeated their testi? mony of the original tria!. An evidence of the intentness wit! which the jury is following the cas? vas given when, as the latter was. leav? ing the stand, juror No. 10 stood uj and 'aid: "May I add one question': Hov many men were there in the automo bile you saw leaving your place tha morning -two ov three?" This is one of the important point in the cas?; against John O'Leary Lyons swears John was present at thi time. John denies it. The whole roon leaned forward eagerly as the juro launched his que.-1ion "So far as I saw." returned the bar ber, "ther*2 wer?.- only two." Mrs. Busch Plans Move To Regain Seized Est?t: W\SHINGTON, July ?.--Notice ha been given the Alien Property Cus todian's office that a formal ??ove ma be expi. ;ted in a few days to recove possession of the property of Mr: Adolphus Busch, widow of the millior aire St. Loui-?: brewer, .aken over r? cently by the government. Tbe c!aii will be made that Mrs. Busch is a loyj American citizen and that her long sta in Germany with relatives should nc affect her property rights. '?W'^-??-^^ IHDIG?ST)OMi S*~^?L^ ? Bell-ans ^?"W^y^u ?ot water ^~Il .. ?f-pR Sure Relief R?VL-ANS Military Comment By William L. McPherson '/"iTILIa no Gerrnan offensive. H*\ The Fourth of July hr.s passed. Bestile Day is ap I proaching. The Alli< d armie i c?s!e brated the Fourth. Will Ludendorlf allow them ;t similar celebration on i the Fourteenth? Foch would prob ! ably be willing to return the cour 1 t.csy when Sedan Day rolls around, fur by September Germany may j already bave shot her bolt und v,e ; slipping sullenly back to a perma m nt defensive. Moscow hits ?been the* scene of a sputter of revolution. Apparently i;, didn't upset the L?nine "govern? ment." It vus only a first Hash in the plan of popular discontent, ! with anarchy masking itself under the form of a proletariat Utopia. More uprisings will come, for an archy as advanced as that now reigning in Central Russia has al? ready begun to breed its own anti? dote. German new.-; agencies are now spreading stories of Czecho-Slova? reverses in Siberia. They art- not very credible. But the miracle of the Czecho-Slovak accomplishment in Asiatic Russia cannot l>e expect ed to prolong itself indefinitely These Slav protagonists of the Al? lied cause need assistance. It is neither just nor chivalrous to leave them fighting on in isolation. Shall we be satisfied to send or organize a rescue expedition on their behalf after they have cracked under the strain or to erect a monument to them after their venture has taken en the tragic aspect of another Gallipoli? The most considerable operation reported yesterday was an Allied drive in Albania, on the western? most sector of the Balkan battle line. Italian troops, aided by some French detachment.-;, made an at tatck on the Austrian positions east of Valona. A gain or loss of ter? ritory doesn't, mean much in this isolated mountainous region, when only relatively feeble forces face each other. But the complete success of the operation is indicated by the capture of more than 1.O00 prisoners. A couple of months a?c the Allied line was advanced several miles by a drive further east, near the Albanian-Serbian border. Still more recently the Greeks thorough? ly defeated the Bulgarians in a local- attack in Macedonia, at the eastern end of the Balkan line. The Balkan campaign remains, however. only a "side show." The Australians who took Darnel last week made further progress Sunday night in that sector, ad? vancing on both sides of the Somme River. They gained a third of a mile on a front of nearly two miles. Otherwise the battle on the West iront was practically suspended. It is reported from Switzerland that Ludendorff has been making a visit to Austro-Hungarian head? quarters in Italy. He has installed von Below there as commander in chief of the Emneiov Gharlps's armies. It is deduced in Switzer? land that he has recommended a renewal o?' the Austro-Hungarian offensive?at least on the mountain side. That would be one way out for him if he wants to delay his own scheduled offensive in France? let Austria-Hungary once more take the Italian bull by the horns. But Austria-Hungary has had near? ly enough of picadoring, toreador ing and matadoring for the present The place where Germany must seek a decision is Northern France When will the next die be cast? 2 U. S. Fliers Die at Front; One is Interned VV. T. Hobbs, of Dartmoi? Champion Hurdler, Is Hit by Enemy Shell ? /.'.i, Th ? . ', --.'-? iatt ?' Prest) WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY:1! FRANCE. July 8. Alan Ash, of Cr-l cago, a member of the Lafayette F |j ing Squadron, has been killed in ?cr:8 b3t with several German muhim over Soissons. His -mac'r.itie B'i'vfc falling was seen to burst inUWei. I Warren '!". Hobbs, of Woit-;f.-:? Mas-., ar.otr ?mber of the b:V-B ette Flying Squadron, was killed loti "ft. Forced to fly low because o? I gine trou!)!?', he was brought dowiifB anti-aircraft guns. i WASHINGTON', July 8. LieuttHJ Jame- C. Ashengen, an aviator of? American expeditionary forces, a? been interne.! in Switzerland. Thefrj Department announced to-night _j the officer was forced to land in in territory June 25 because he ran -i| of gasolene. Lieutenant Ash<_tM home is in Chicago. WORCESTER, Mass., July g.-L.s-1 tenant Warren T. Hobbs, of WoKts* American Aviation Corps, m em bet'i Dartmouth College, class of It'll*. ?H all around athlete, volunteer flier1--] ' in? American Lafa; te * ?luadrcc-j the aviation corps, was killed by G; man ami aircraft ?2-unfire June26,d cording to news received here to-csr I Lieutenant Hobbs was twenty** years old. He held the world's rei-f-j of 6% seconds for the 50-yard W hurdling, mad? at Meadowbrook.wij track meet, March 10. 1917. H-f-J ents are Mr. and Mrs. Wilbur ? Hobbs. 467 Pleasant Street, Watts* Lieutenant Hobbs fell ?aft N?* ber with his airplane on top of t* escaping with a gash on his head. "-\ certificates from the French air0W has arrived in Worcester at his ?-3---; brought here by Aviator ?Gerald ?&*] Spencer, who came home after ef? ping nearly 1.700 feet with his maC-> : over the Pyrenees Mountains. 5?34-566 A-o 50? #ifth.Aprn**^. ?-*&?* ??V6*- AN. 47T? STS. Z?*W/** Gowns & Dresses?$35 ? 575 Formerly to $145-A large selection o? street. .l?lcrnocn tri evening styles of doth and silk. COUNTRYFROCKS-Forfnc.lyto$75-at$25to$45 iiiored buds? $45 ? $85 Formerly to $1 50-The balance of many lines, embracing ?H*- ' lor town and country. Coats ="i Capes? $45-$75 Formerly to $145 -Street, motor and semi-dre? style., h* ?nable models and materials. SILK AND CLOTH SPORT SKIRTS-Formeriy to $45-$l5 Handmade Blouses? s7==?$10 Formerly .to $I8-Sheer effects in lingerie, voile and \a? Mid-Season Hats? $5?*l? rormerly to $25 --Street, sport and semi-dress style*.