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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 13, 1918, Image 2

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The Great War-1439th Day
stroyers aro cooperating with the
Italian troops which are penetrat?
ing into the heart of Albania. These
forces are flanked by French troops
north of Koritza, while further east
the Greek army, which is daily
crowing in efficiency, threatens the
Bulgarian positions.
In Albania there are many Ser?
bians and Montenegrins who have ;
expressed their impatience to re
enter the struggle to reconquer their
native countries. The Jugo-Slavs
and Czecho-Slovaks there are said
to believe that their compatriota in
the interior of Austria will be of
assistance if the Allied offensive
continues successful.
Allies in Balkans
Advance 10 Miles
In Day's Fighting
LONDON, July 12. The French and
Italians on the Albanian front again
have driven forward on the right of
the active battlefrout, throwing the
Austrians back more than ten miles in
one day's fighting, the War Office in
Pari,; announced to-night.
After practically encircling Berat in
earlier fighting, the Italians in the ce??
ir? of the battle line have captured
this city, the largest in Southern Al?
bania, and considerable booty.
Further east the French have pushed
northward down the Tomorica Valley,
carrying the mountains mi either aide
and capturing all the region between
the Tomorica and Dcvoli rivers, with
the exception of the heights dominating
the confluence of those streams. The
French took more than four hundred
Following the retreat of the de?
feated Austrians north of the Semcni
River, near the sea, the War Office in
Rome to-day announced the clearing of
the ground which the enemy evacu ,
ated. Several heavy guns have fallen
into the hands cf the Italians.
Tne statement on Balkan fighting
issued by the War Office in Paris to?
night said: j
"Eastern Theatre, July 11. Neat
Varamina a detachment, of Bulgarian
assault troops which had succeeded in
gaining a momentary foothold upon !
Serbian positions were immediateh
driven out.
"In Albania our troops continue to
progress. On the right bank of the De
voli River we have occupied the heights
of Kayani. Upon the left bank of the
liver we have cleared the whole moun
- tainous region between the Devoli and
the Tomorica, with the exception of
the heights which dominate the con
tiuence of those streams where the en?
emy ccntir.ues his resistance. The to?
tal number of prisoners which have
fallen into our hands is more than 400."
The Italian War Office statement to?
day on the lighting said:
"In Albania our troops are continuing
the work of clearing the ground from
which the Austrians were driven ant!
gathering booty. Three cannon, eight
mountain guns, four trench ?runs and
two trench mortars have been found." !
British in Flanders
Occupy Dominating
Positions at Merris
</<;/ '/'/.<? AfHOciated Press)
FRANCE, July 12. Rritish operations
:i the Merris sector since Tuesday I
have brought the line forward to within '
about a quarter of a mile west of that :
important hamlet and secured for the
British complete observation of Ger?
man positions in the village.
i?n Tuesday Australian units pushed
forward northwest of Merris along a I
trout of 1,200 yards to a depth of 250
yards and drove the enemy from the
high ground overlooking Merris.
Yesterday, the British infantry again
n ached out and claimed another strip
of hostile ground west of Merris. This
advance reached a maximum depth of
about half a mile, and extended along
a front of 2.200 yards.
As a result, the British positions
have been greatly improved, and a !
small salient, which had been left in
'he line after Tuesday's attack, has
been eliminated.
Four Men Take .10 Prisoners
Vesterday's operation was a case of
being able to seise an opportunity when
il was presented. At, one ?joint four
Australians ventured across No Man's
fand and by a quick assault on the
enemy's defence line captured between
thirty and forty prisoners.
A considerable body of British troops
was sent forward to exploit the victory.
the British line was pushed forward
without much opposition and fiore than
Liu prisoners, with a number of ma
i hine puns, liad been captured up to
This morning the operations were
?till being continued at various points,
and one strong position was captured
southwest of Morris. For some time
the British in this sector have had
complete control of No Man's Land, and
tlie Germans hardly have dared to show
their heads.
I risoners say that the discipline of
their troops in this /-one is not up to
'lie mark. Recently some older men
of the 4th Bavarian Division refused
point blank to go into : hi' line again
when the order was issued by Prince
Irani-, of Bavaria. It appears that the
prince previously had made them dis?
gruntled by several severe lectures be?
cause they had allowed the British to
capture so many prisoners.
Noted British Airman Killed
The death of the famous British
aviator. Major James B. McCuddcn, has
cast a gloom over the British air ser?
vice in which he was a ?nine favorite.
McCudden, who had been credited witli
fifty-eight aerial victories, was killed
July S1 when something went wrong
with his machine while he was dying
at a low altitude. Just what the trouble
was has not been determined, but
Major McCudden's machine crashed to
the ground near a village in Northern
France and he was killed almost in?
stantly. He had just down back to
the front from Scotland and was to
have taken over a new "ommand. His
airplane had barely risen from the
mound to continue the journey when
the acculent occurred.
Major McCudden's record comprised
forty-live enemy 'planes that crashed
to the earth and thirteen that were
sent down out of control. He proba?
bly downed rtill more, but only the
certainties are permitted in an air
roan's tally.
The major was coo! and precise in
1 is methods and a sure shot He also
was a great believer in team work*but
i ften '.vent out alone in search of hos?
tile airmen after his regular day's
work was done.
Italians Advance
On Asiago Plateau;
Berat Is Captured
WASHINGTON. July 12.---Occupation
of Berat and the capture of quantities
. i" war material and many prisoners by
the advancing Italian army in Albania
?rere announced to-day in an official
lisnateh from Rome. The statement
follow* :
"At Conca Laghi and in Nal d'Arsa
i urprise attacks by our detachments
inflicted losses upon the enemy. We
The arrows show the direction of the two French attacks on the West
front reported yesterday. In Picardy, on the three-mile front between
Castel, arrow (11, and Mailly-Raincval, arrow (2), the French advanced
one and one-fourth miles, capturing Castel and other objectives. In Cham?
pagne, a French attack in the direction of arrow (.'?1 captured the village
of Longpont. The village of Corey, immediately south of Longpont, was
captured by the French in the lighting of the preceding day.
Military Comment
By William L. McPherson
THE Allied advance in Albania;
is gathering headway. The :
Austro-Hungarian forces are !
in retreat on the entire line from the
Adriatic to Lake Ochrida.
Berat has been occupied by the
Italians. The Austrians evacuated i
it hurriedly on Wednesday night or ;
Thursday. It was imperative for
them to get away quickly if they \
wanted to escape envelopment. They '
had lost the heights on both sides of
the Osum River dominating the
town. The Osum flow's north about
ten miles from Berat and then joins
the Devoli. This confluence creates
the Semeni. To the west Italian
forces had already reached the lower
and middle courses of .the Semeni,
and were therefore on the flank and
rear of the Berat garrison.
French troops, working down the j
valley of the Tomorica, had out-1
flanked Berat on that side. There
was nothing for the Austro-Hun
garians to do but to scurry to the I
rear. The retreat came close to be?
ing a rout. Military stores Were de?
stroyed or abandoned and many
prisoners were lost.
The French have driven the en?
emy into the angle formed by the
junction of the Tomorica River and
the Devoli. Tins angle is northeast
of Berat. Before entering the Sem?
eni the Devoli describes a big curve
to the north. At its northernmost
point, just before it turns southwest.
it is hardly ten miles from the
Skumbi, whose valley constitutes the
main east and west thoroughfare
through Albania.
Following the Devoli the French
can converge with the Italians corn?
ing north from the Semeni on a line
just below the famous Via Egnatia,
which connects Durazzo with Mon?
The Austrian front in Albania had
probably been stripped to a danger?
ous extent this spring. Vienna need?
ed troops for use in Italy, and. no
doubt, completely discounted the pos- ,
captured some prisoners, (>n the
??lateau of Asiago a partial attack on
the southern slopes of Sas so Rossa has
been repulsed by our tire. In the Mon
tello region i unieron-- actions by our
reconnoitring patrols across the Piave
took place.
"On the whole from there was the
u*ui;il activity of the artillery. The
wem ! er is had.
"In Albania the enemy is withdraw- ;
ing north of the Semeni and our ad- '
vancing troops have already occupied
Berat. A great quantity of war booty
and numerous prisoners were cap?
Sixth American Flier
Shot Down by Enemy
BERLIN tvia London), July 12.- All
six of the American airplanes which
attempted to bombard Coblenz yester
c ay have fallen into Cern?an hands.
The capture of live was reported yes?
terday, and an official report issued to
daj said that the one remaining ma?
chine had been shot down. The report
"The sixth airplane of the American
squadron which attempted to fly to
Coblenz, as reported yesterday, has
fallen into our hands after being shot
Clark Named Rear Admiral
WASHINGTON. July 12. Captain
George R. Clark was nominated to-day
by President Wilson to be Judge Advo?
cate General of the Navy, with rank of
rear admiral, for four years. Captain
Clark was detailed to the p. tition some I
time ago.
sibility of an attack in the Balkans.
Now the disorganized Austrian col?
umns fleeing north can hardly be ex?
pected to rally on the line of the
Skumbi. They are retreating tow?
ard the almost impassable mountain
region of Central Albania, and will
have no nearby bases of supply after
they lose Elbasan and control of the
Via Egnatia route into Serbia. Aus?
tria's hold on Albania lias been rude?
ly shaken. And the effects of the
Austrian retreat may soon show in
a relaxation of Bulgaria's grip on
Serbian Macedonia.
The French made a brilliant ad?
vance yesterday on the front south?
east of Amiens. They attacked on a
three-mile line between Castel and
Mailly-Raineval and gained more
than a mile of ground. Five hundred
prisoners were taken.
On this particular sector there hac
been no fighting for six weeks 01
more, although just below it Amer
ican troops had captured Cantignj
and just, above it Australians nnc
Americans had made a notable gaii
at Hamel. The French positions la;
some distance back from the Avn
River, and the object of yesterday'
drive was to carry the line up to th
west bank of the river, the height
on which command the east bank. 1
was a thoroughly successful loci;
A similar operation was carrie
through by the French Thursda
nighl on the west, side of the Aisn<
Marne salient. Longpont,. on t!
little Savieres River, was retakei
Corey, a few miles further down tr
river, was retaken on Wednesda
night. The line of the Savieres wt
lost early in dune in the closiri
stages of the third German offensiv
Now ?he valley of this little nortl
ein t ributary of the Ourcq is again
French hands. The French positioi
on the west side of the Aisne-Man
salient have been greatly strengt
cned in the last, four weeks. Foeh
setting himself all along (ho Wc
front for the next German onset.
"Prisoner of Mahdi"
Dies in Berlin Asylui
AMSTERDAM, July 12. Karl Ni
feld, known as "The Prisoner of I
Mahdi," has died in a sanitarium m
Berlin, according to advices reach;
Karl Neufeld was rescued from
Mahdist .jail, at Omdurman, in Septt
ber, 1898, where he had bot n a pi
oner for lea years and subjected
horrible torture. His rescuers w
British troops commanded by L
During his imprisonment Neui
gained a fluent knowledge of An
and Mohammedan'customs. After
release he n.rdo pilgrimmages to Me
and successfully passed a search
examination on the Kori.-i, when
claim to being a Mohammedan was i
At this time he spread the prevail
belief among uninformed Moh;
medans that Fmperoi- William is
grand caliph of the Fur >pean Moh
medans and went to war to free tl
from Christian oppression.
Argentine Senate Votes
Congratulations to U.
BUENOS AYRES, July 12. The
gtntine Senate paid homage yestei
t" the American Independence Day
adopted a resolution of congratula
to send to the American Senate, 1
action was not taken sooner bee;
there had been no recent session
ihc Senate until yesterday.
German Drive
In West Held
Up by French
Counter Attacks AH Along
Line Prevent LudendorfF
From Striking
WASHINGTON, July 12.?-The con?
viction that, the German high command
has encountered serious obstacles in
pressing the offensive on the Western
front is gaining ground in the minds
of officials here. They cannot believe
that renewal of the attack would be
deferred voluntarily when it is obvi?
ous that every day's additional delay
works against the ultimate success of
the whole purpose of forcing a military
decision fh is year, to which the Gcr
; IIS are COnltU itted.
Secretary Baker said to-day that
nothing definite was known here as
in the reasons that have compelled the
German delay. He made it clear, how?
ever, that the failure of the enemy
it. react against repeated successful
local counter attacks by French, Brit?
ish and American troops was accept?
ed as conclusive evidence that the Ger?
man offensive was being, held in check
by some consideration other than the
f.urely practical one of preparing the
storm troops.
.Meanwhile the steady pressure of
locnl operations by the Allies along
the entire battle area from Ypres to
Kheims continues. Not a day h?s
i assed now for moru than a week
iii which some territory has not berni
.'.rested from the enemy and it is re?
ported that nearly (!,00u prisoners have
been taken.
The similarity of the tactics em?
ployed by both the French and Brit?
ish armies is li.ken In re to indicate
that the "nibbling" process is part of
a definite plan being carried out by
General Foch, supreme commander,
probably to harass the enemy in his
preparations und feel out the German
lines to locate the points from which
he plans to strike. ;
Opinion varies as to the possible |
causes of the German delay. Beyond'
doubt the ced?anse of. the Austrian of?
fensive in Italy and the disastrous re?
sults to the Austrian army have great
bearing. The flood of reports of hun?
ger, dissatisfaction and even mutiny
in the Austrian army, coupled with
civil food riots at various points, the
upheaval of the ministry ol the Dual
Monarchy, the further confusion in
Russia and the fact that Germany itself
i; passing through a ministerial crisis
are pointed to as justifying the as?
sumption that internal conditions are
holding up the German drive.
If these are the only considerations,
it is argued, and there is no shortage
of man power or munitions to be dealt
with, it is obvious that the internal
situation of the Central Powers is seri?
ous. It is not believed that* there are
other reasons that could have induced
the German General Staff to hold up its
offensive in France when in full stride
and thus give the Allies time for rest
and recruitment and America time to
rush additional troops to France to
augment the million here on July 1.
Little is known here of the purpose
of the Franco-Italian ope rat ions in Al?
bania. The rapid progress there is
welcome news, but as yel ?t does not
appear to officers hero that anything
which would servo to affect the situa?
tion on the Western front, is to be ex?
pected in this area. ,
U. S. Launch Sunk
By German Batteries ;
WASHINGTON, July 12. An Ameri?
can naval launch, after aiding a
French destroyer in towing a disabled
American seaplane to safety, was sunk
by German shore batteries, io ing two
of her crew, probably drowm d, and
two taken prisoner by the enemy.
Assistant Surgeon Albert Mason Ste?
ven -, Naval Reserves, of 222(i Loring
Place, New York, and Philip Goldman,
quartermaster, of 23'l East lltith
Street, New York, landed in front, of
the German batteries and were capt?
Seaman Charles Joe Tatulinski, 621a
Fullerton Avenue. ( leveland, and John
Peter Vogt, .".012 North Campar!
Street, New Orleans, are missing.
Three others in the hoar, swam for
shore with life preservers and were
picke.I up unhurt on Allied territory.
An official announcement of the inci
dent from the Navy Department to-day
did not give the date or name the place '
where it. occurred. I' ?s assumed '-lia!
the launch belonged to one of the
American warships on patrol duty in
the war zone.
Assistant. Surgeon Albert Mason
Stevens is well known in The Bronx.
His home formerly was at 2226 Loring
Place, but after her husband went to
war Mrs. Stevens moved to 2440 Webb'
Dr. and 'Mrs. Stevens have been mar?
ried about two and a half yea;-. When
! this country declared war upon Ger?
many Dr. Stevens immediately offeree
his services t.. the government..
Assistant Surgeon Stevens, a friend
said, is a Graduate of N'a!,* and also of
Oxford. His mother lives in Brooklyn.
Philip Goldman is a quartermaster
of the second class. He is twenty-three
years old and one of six children of
Mr. and Mrs. Julius Goldman, of 2:il
Hast llt?th Street. His mother received
a letter from him on Thursday.
Naval Flier Killed
By Fall Into Bay
Chief Quartermaster Will.am Fraser
Beham, a member of the United States
Naval Reserve Flying Corps, living at
489 Tenth Street. Brooklyn, was killed
yesterday afternoon when his hydro-i
plane fell BOO feet and landed in four
feet of water in Great South Bay,
off Grass Island, near Babylon, Long
Island. Beham was making his final
flight for a commission.
The cause of the accident had not
been ascertained last night. Several
persons who witnessed the accident
.-aid Beham'.- machine circled down.,
seemingly under perfect control. It
was not until it hit the water and sank
that it was realized an accident had oc?
The aviator's body was found be?
neath the motor. The inquest verdict.
was death by drowning. The young
flier's body and the machine were re
covered by Babylon citizens in motor-i
Brazil Approves Treaty
RIO DE JANEIRO, July 12. The com?
pulsory arbitration treaty between Bra?
zil and Peru has bi en approved by
the Brazilian Congress. It will become j
effectne without dclav.
The shaded area shows '.lie new gains made by the French and Italians
in their Balkan offensive, indicated in official reports received yesterday.
On the left the Anstrians have been reported falling back on the Skumbi
River, in the direction of the arrows, but their exact position lias not been
announced. The dotted line indicates the front before the beginning of
the offensive. The solid line is the present area of attack.
The Officia! Statements
LONDON, July 12.?The official statements issued by the War Office
to-day said:
NIGHT. A raid attempted by the enemy this morning in the
neighborhood of Bucquoy, southwest of Arras, was driven off with loss to
the enemy.
There has been some hostile artillery activity in the Hinges sector
and at other points.
DAY. lu a successful minor enterprise undertaken by us yesterday
southwest of -Merris we captured more than 120 prisoners and ten ma?
chine guns.
A ra'd attempted by the enemy yesterday south of Bucquoy was re?
We carried out a successful raid during the afternoon northeast of
During? the night Welsh troops raided the German trenches in the
vicinity of llame! am) captured sixteen prisoners and a machine gun, in
addition to destroying many dugouts and inflicting casualties on the enemy.
Successful raids were carried by us also near Meteren. Further prisoners
were taken by our troops in these engagements, and also in patrol en?
counters ?a the neighborhood of (?avrolle and in the Kemm.-l sector.
French Make Two Gains, in Picardy and Champagne
PARIS, July I .'.---The War Office statements today said:
NIGHT. Our troops this morning launched a brilliant attack on a
front of live kilometres between Castel and north of Mailly-Raineval. All
of our objectives were reached, and we have occupied the village of Castel.
the Anchin Farm, and a number of strongly fortified enemy positions.
French troops have penetrated the enemy lines to a depth of two kilometres
and have taken more than 500 prisoners.
DAY. Our troops continued their progress north of Chavigny Farm
and oast of Faveiolles. Last night our troops occupied the village of
Longpont and the Javage Farm.
Two raids, one north of Montdidier and the other in Champagne, re?
sulted in the capture of fifteen prisoners.
The German artillery was rather active on t'ue ?eft bank of the Meuse
i Verdun region).
Berlin Te?ls of Repulsing Attacks
??LRUS, June 12.?The War Office to-day issued the fol.loi.oing:
NIGHT. There were local engagements t.o-'lay southwest of Bailleul
and ou the western bank of the Aviv.
DAY. i>n the battlefront the artillery activity revived yesterday evening
and increased during the night to violent surprise attacks on battle posi?
tions and regions behind the front. Southwest of Ypres and Bailleul ;?nd
north of Albert strong thrusts and frequent reconnoissances launched
by the enemy were repulsed. Between the Aisne and the Marne the ac?
tivity on the part of the French continued lively. We captured prisoners
in forefieid engagements at the Forest of Villers-Cotterets. In the region
of Rhein1- wo drove back enemy reconnoitring thrusts.
Austrian Attack on Corone Fails, Rome Reports
ROME, July /,.'.? The text of the official statement issued by the War
Office to-day reads:
Along the front in Northern Italy there has been intermittent artillery
lire. In the Arasa Valley our patrols destroyed two small enemy posts
and captured a few prisoners. An attempted enemy attack at Corone failed
with heavy losses.
Turkey Unable to
Get Information on
Tabriz Outrage
WASHINGTON, July 12. Turkey has
has informed the United States through
the Swedish Foreign Office that so fai?
llie facts as to the reported seiz?
ure of the American Consulate and
sacking of an American hospital at
Tabriz, Persia, by Turkish, soldiers,
have not been ascertained, but that il
will be dune a; the earliest possible
The United States asked through
both Spanish and Swedish channels foi
an explanation of this incident, which,
if regular Ottoman troops \v< re in
volved, might mean a declaration of
war. The attack was reported Jane 19
by the Spanish i onsul, who took charge
of the consulate when the American
Consul, with a large party of Ameri?
cans and oilier foreigners left the Per?
sian city at the approach of the Turks.
Minister Morns, at Stockholm, re?
ported to-day that the Foreign Office
had informed him the inquiry of the
tinned States had not reached the Ot?
toman government until July ?. Then
the matter was presented with a re?
quest for a telegraphic reply, which
now has come in the form of the state?
ment that an investigation is proceed?
It is assumed here that the Turkish
government actually is having great
difficulty in communicating with its
torces in Persia, and it. will be partic?
ularly hard to obtain th,. facts if the
Tabriz outrage was committed by
Kurds or other irregulars.
To-day's dispatch threw no light on
the incident. When the original re?
port of the outrages was confirmed
through the Spanish government re?
cently it was indicated that regular
Turkish troops were responsible, but
this will not be accepted as a fact
pending the explanation awaited from
Grip Holds Switzerland
GENEVA, liuly It. Spanish grip
continues to spread rapidly ir> Switz?
erland. The military authorities an?
nounced to-day that on July 9 there
were 6,800 cases in the Swiss army
and among interned troops. The
death rate o far has been compara?
tively small.
At Lausanne the authorities have
been obliged to close the schools.
They also have prohibited meetings
in private buildings and visits of
friends to patients in hospital'-.
At Berne the telephone service has
been disorganized owing to the num?
ber of employes who are sick.
Austrian Troops
Mutiny in Serbia
And Kill Officers
CORFU, July 12. A serious mutiny
among the Austrian troops in one of the
occupied districts of Serbia is an
nounced by the Serbian Press Bureau
here. The garrison at Kraguyevatz, the
fortner Serbian arsenal, broke into re?
bellion because of bad %;%. the slate
ment declares, and many of the officers
were killed.
The mutiny was suppressed after a
veritable battle in which machino, guns
i and artillery were freely used.
ATHENS, July 12. According to an
uncensored private letter dated June is
in-nl smuggled out of Smyrna, on the
Asia Minor coast, a regiment in the
Turk..-?i .'ilayet of Aidin, southeast of
Smyrna, which had been ordered to
Mesopotamia, mutinied and murdered
its German officers. Many soldiers from
regiments sent to suppress the mutiny
joined the rebellious troops, the letter
Talaat Pacha, the Turkish Premier,
'vent to Smyrna and granted amnesty to
the mutineers, who were given the
promise that they would not be sent to
the Mesopotamian war area.
From the same source comes the
statement that the Turks have restrict?
ed cultivation of everything except food
products, this causing a big rise in the
price of tobacco.
Brazilian Coffee Crop
Damaged by Snows
RIO JANEIRO, July 12.- I'nusua!
cold and heavy snow are reported from
' all parts of Southern Brazil, and the
coffee plantations in the State of Sao
Paulo have been damaged seriously.
Early reports forecast exceedingly
heavv losses. The coffee production in
Sao Paulo in 1918. 1919 and 1920 prob?
ably will be curtailed, as thousands of
plants have been destroyed in many
Wfor indigestion
Wheat in Turkey
Only an Illusion
LONDON. July 12.?A dis?
patch from Constantinople dated
July 4 describes one of the meth?
ods used by the Turkish govern?
ment to make the population of
the city believe that wheat was
arriving there from the Ukraine.
Several ships left Constanti?
nople by day and proceeded dur?
ing the night to a port on the
Black Sea where stores of wheat
were held for the Turkish army.
This wheat was taken aboard and
the ships returned to Constanti?
nople, where it was brought
ashore. It was announced that
this was a grain shipment from
the Ukraine. The authorities
added, however, that the army
was short >f wheat.
During the night the grain was
returned to the Blade, Sea port
from which it had come.
Colleges Are Really
Schools for Fliers,
War Has Disclosed
American University Men
Have a "Corner" on
U. S. Aces
By Wilbur S. Forrest
i 6'i". rial Cable lu Tht Tribuni <
(Copyright, 1918, l>) Tile Tribuno Assodatio I
\1.- With still another American ace
now revealed Lieutenant Meissner, pf :
Brooklyn, who is officially announced
to have brousrhl down five German air
planes? American college men have a
"corner" on American aces.
Lieutenant David Putnam, who lead
with ten official victories, and Adjutant
Edwin Parsons, American aces i.i the
French army, were both undergradu?
ate students of lesser American col?
lege-1. Major William Thaw, Captain
David Peterson. Lieutenant Douglass
Campbell and Lieutenant Meissner,
?ices in the American army, hail from
Yal , Lehigh, the University of Cali?
fornia and Cornell respectively.
In addition the records show that
practically all the Americans who have
distinguished themselves in the French
air service since *he beginning of the
war have been collegians, with the not?
able exception of Raoul Lufbery, " o
was in reality of French parentage.
The significance of the above in the
opinion of aviation experts in France
is that the American college spirit and
training could be no better for the pro?
duction of expert air fighters in the
present struggle if they had been so
The rivalry o? athletic sports in the
American schools, whether the studei 1
was a member of the track, baseball or
football teams or rooting- from the
prandstand, has inculcated the air com?
bat spirit. American colleges have
be n in reality air fight training
schools, though unconsciously so.
Hindenburg Reported HI
Ludendorff Said To Be in Full
Charge of German Army
LONDON, July '::. A Dutch trav- j
eller from Germany says a dispatch
from The Hague to the Exchange Tel?
egraph Company declares the rumor
has sure::.'', nil over Germany thai
Field Marsha! von Hindenburg ia ill
and is unable to participate in the
work at the mmj headquar ers.
The military duties there have been
taken over en'i rely by 1'irsi Quor
termaster General LudendorfT. Ger?
man newspapers, the traveller says
are not permitted to mention ihe ru
Food Control
Continue in Britain
After War Is Over
New Administrator Sa
Conditions Cannot Be
Changed Overnight
Thanks to America
Clynes Says He Will Keep \j
Policies Begun by Lord
LONDON, July 12. Food cent,,' , I
England probably will continue for r F
least a short while after the end- J
of hostilities, according to Job** 'g (
( lynes, the new head of the Fo?? i
Ministry, Discussing this subjectw?l ?
"The Dailj ", ? igraph," the new ,-i.
troller said:
"Whether the Food % try ?W ..
continued after the war depend?
how long the war lasts, b it it h z]ti.
the conditions created will not sud
denly disappear when it is ended, ace
for a considerable time I .<? Allied na*
f ions will h.-- i ...;?: r? d I act in
operation both as recrar.i--. supplient
pnces until normal condition? r.
appear. Unfortunately, %ose cord
tions will he ,; til the fore*.
of food p: odui ' ?? brought ?
!? point where :. ; neceuit B
again are bountiful. When th..
arrives it will be for the r.a^or. ?'.
?ay whether it is prepared to go btd
and pursue the usu n neis."
Regarding aid from oversea?, M*
Clynes said:
"People of this country have hu'.e
idea of our indebtedness to Americs
and the colonies for the abundance
and regularity of our food supplie?
Conditions of transport hav? improvec
enoi mously."
The Food Controller pa.,] tribute ti
the Ameritan "spirit of patriotism-'
which has been wi : i g to undergone*
rifices in order to ret .1 England. E*
said he would welcome I!. C. Hoover,
the American Food Administrator, wti
^s expected in England shortly, aric
also tin- oportunity of discussing will
him many of the great business at:
financial questions of the food probier.
The policies of the If.te Yiscour
Rhondda would he continued by tt*
ministry, Mr. Clynes declared. Tb
ministry would try to maintain ?}?
population in the highest state of ef*
ficiency, making distribution a
equitable a- 1
"The b?-st and inferior gradei I
meat." continued Mr. ' lynes "aliki 1
now go '.. the wel to do districts and
poorer districts, .'?rid all classes art
paying the same price for an e^ua:
share of the best and worst portions."1
British Aeros Again
Bomb Constantinople
LONDON, Ju!y 12. Air "orce contin?
gent? acting ?vith the British navrj
dropped half i. ton of bombs upon the
city of Oonstantinoph on Ju.'y 7, it
was announced bv the Admiraltv to?
da; .
Fishing Sleamer Reported
Sunk by Mine Off Cape May
CAPE MAY, N. J.. July 12. A rm
is in circulation here that an unknown
? \.:% yesterday
afternoon about te ? iff Ct|x
May, probably fn m con tuet with i
floating n
No information regardi ig the repon
could lie securei is at tki
::a' :.: base
British Fighting Forces
in France Total ..000,000
PARIS, July 12. ."
?ng .'i i '? ra
:?.?'. , ,?? .. men, says 1 is corn
spor.dent on the Brit
i":,- equal .. on 't?
You will be SURE if you
\ on can t blame your newsdealer for not
loading up witli inore papers than lie KNOWS
he can sell especially when he is forbidden todo
so by the new Government economy order, ef?
fective next Monday mornine.
The only way the SURE way -to find your
TRIBUNE waiting every morning is GIVE
Then you will help the newsdealer to help US
to help the Government- and will make certain
that yon
Get Your
Every Day

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