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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED ^-a-aW" IT-*--.?* ?~ f . Firs* to Last? the Truth: Xou LXXVIII No. 26,174 tCopTTlirht 1?18?? The Tribune Ass*n) MONDAY, News ? Editorials - Advertisements ??x?bmu WEATHER Fair to-day and to-morrot*. Little rhnnge In fhe temperature. G?tntie shifting winds. .TULY 15, 1918 ? * * nc-o rtrarru ) *?- Orturter Hew Tort? and I THRKK CKXTS Y?t\t ??BUS? /wlthJn ronioultlBBi distance ? F.I ?e where 10,000 Cheer France at Climax Of Nation-Wide Bastille Dav President Wilson Joins En vovs of England and Italy Hl . XctiSC "Well All Fight to End/* Is Message Monster Meeting in New York Applauds Uniting of Democracies The jrrcat celebration whereby the United States from East to the farthest West did honor to the birthday of French liberty reached ita climax last nj^ht in Madison Square Garden. There 10.000 persona?French citi ^m of America and native Americans vijo were for the moment Frenchmen -gathered to listen to the ambassa? dors from Britain, France and Italy pledge anew the alliance which holds u to them and voice the determina bob that this alliance shall endure long after the present war is ancient hiitory. That was the message that the rep? resentatives of our allies brought to the frantic crowd that surged again and again into cheers for France, for the alliance of love and gratitude that binds us to her. for the brighter future' that tiis alliance will insure when the war is concluded victoriously. Monster Crowd on Hand Long before the f.rst representative of the allied nations appeared on the peat stand which bad been erected ?cross tbe north side of the building every seat in the house was taken. Bands blared patriotic songs of France and America. Tart of the time the crowd sang these songs. Part of the time it drowned out the most manful efforts of the musicians as some fa? miliar tigure, appeared. Despitei%e international representa? tion on the platform and on the list o'.aJdresses, the affair was essentially a big birthday party for France. All who spoke of her did so with loving admiration. All paid tribute to her steadfastness in the jrroat ordeal which she is still undergoing. l'-Bt>at Menace Ending Secretary of the Navy Daniels, as an emissary from President Wilson, brought to America and to Prance the welcome news that the submarine menace soon will end forever. Lord Reading, British Ambassador, pledged to France Britain's eternal brother? hood. Count Macchi de Cellere, the Italian Ambassador, expressed the un? dying friendship of his country. Ignace Paderewski, the spokesman for stricken | Poland, paid tribute in a chokitig voice to the nation that always has "fought the strong and defended the weak." Samuel Gompcis carried the promi?e of loyal American toilers to stand by French labor and the French people to the finish. The emotional climax of the demon? stration came at the end of the even? ing, just before midnight, when the great military spectacle, "The Gather? ing of the Allies," was staged before the cosmopolitan thousands who had come to help glorify Bastille Day. Pageant Stirs Throng Tile pageant represented invaded France in the black, opening days of the war. A group of French soldiers under their flag, with their national an? them playing, sent a bugle call for help across the arena. Fighting men of all the other nations participated in the ?cene that followed, showing the civil jwd world rallying about the upheld oanner. Hie historic associations of friend? ship between France and the United ?tat?g were characterized by an earlier f?-*. when M. Lucien Mu rato re sang }* Marseillaise," accompanied by the ?pique Militaire Fran?aise, under the crossed flags of the two nations. A TOnei sailor bore the Stars and ?ripes, an American the Tricolor. The audience greeted the anthem with -Wtnj of cheering. Messages from President Poincar? ?j "anee and General Foch, both ex? pressing the appreciation of the ..asuiie D??y celebration, were read to UU audience by Jean J. Jusserand, the "ench Ambassador, who spoke in be "&u of hia country. Charles E. n-ghes, who presided, read a cable? gram of congratulation sent by a W-notic labor meeting held in London, ion? ^ Dnnicl!* read President Wil 01>s message to the French people. ine message follows: Wilson Sends Greeting 0r Amer'ca greets France on this day of ;'tnnK memories with a heart full ' th? p"1 ?r?en<1S-"P and of devotion to! .,!,' ereat cause in which the two peo ?itii "n now so happily united, July on a our own July 4th- hHS takt!n Fr.n "i* s'gi>''icance, not only for i ol.h . ut for the world- As France ^le<>rated our Fourth of July, s0 do ! con?.- te hcr Fourteenth, keenly I ?tous of a comradeship of arms and I ProurjUrpOSe ?f which wc are deeplyj p. '"-' sea seems very narrow to-day, ! ?earl00 l!VS0 near a ne?2bbor to our j rts. The war ?s being fought to , v? ourselves from intolerable things, ir.aL-1 ,,s also being fought to save ?a h d' We ?xtend our hands to ?ri? 0theri to the -?reat P?pies with nom we are associated and to the InA everj'where who love right ""?- Prize justice ob a thing beyond j! ce> and consecrate ourselves once Wt to the noble enterprise of peace 2*..Justice, realizing the great con? vions that have lifted France and i??-.!'108 "'Eh among the free peoples \?r W0I"ld. tu e French flag floats to-day from Jtaff of? tne White House and j Continued on page six ? THE BIRTHDAY OF OUR SISTER REPUBLIC Rationing of Tobacco Now Seems Likely Government Control of En? tire Industry in America Is Forecast WASHINGTON, July 14.?Govern? ment control of the tobacco industry of the United States may result from the heavy requirements of the Allies and the American military forces abroad. Rationing of the American population is believed to be a possi? bility. The War Industries Board an? nounced to-day that it has been con? ducting an investigation to determine the requirements abroad and the amount that could be conserved in this country to meet the situation. It esti? mates that approximately two-thirds of the leaf tobacco raised in this coun? try in 1917 will be available for Amer? ican manufacturers. Out of this must come cigarette and pipo tobacco for troops not yet overseas and exports of manufactured tobacco, in addition to cigarettes and tobacco purchased here for Belgium. Yearly Consumption The crop in 1017 was 1,196,000,000 pounds and of this the board estimates' that 850,000,000 pounds will be availa? ble this year for United States manu? facturers and 346,000,000 pounds of leaf will be available for export to the Allies. Tobacco issued to the military forces of England, Frunce and Italy amounts to approximately 159,000,000 pounds a year, the board said. England and France each allot 40 per cent of their entire consumption to the army and navy; and Italy allows her military forces 46 per cent. The total yearly consumption of the entire populations of these countries, the board estimates at 387,000.000 pounds, or 41,000,000 more than this country is able to export. Dependent on United States Persons who pointed to possible gov- | ernment control to assure tobacco for I the Allies and American forces said it is more than probable that, with the Allied armies consuming between 40 and 45 per cent of the total consump tion in Allied countries, American j forces would use more than 50 per cent i of the total amount used in the United I States. The War Industries Board quotes the nrmual per capita consumption of the United States and the Allies as fol? lows: Italy, 2 pounds; France, 8Vs pounds; Great Britain, 4 pounds, and the United States, 7% pounds England, France find Italy are now chiefly dependent on Imports from the United States, as their import?} from other tobacco-growing countries have been materially reduced through lack of shipping and inability to import i ?rom Turkey and Bulgaria. Germans Recruiting Russians as Soldiers AMSTERDAM, July 14.?An attempt of the Germans to re? cruit soldiers from conquered Russian territory is indicated in the Libau "Zeitung," which states officially: "Youths from the Baltic provinces are now eligible for officers' commissions in the Ger? man army." j Storm Tears 'Plane To Bits High in Air, But Pilots Escape By Wilbur Forrest (Special Cable to The Tribune) (Copyright, 1D1R. Tho Tribun? Association) WITH THE FRENCH ARMIES, July 14.?Virtually blown to pieces in mid j air during a violent storm, with pilot ! I and observer clinging to the stripped j ? 'planes and safely landing within the I French lines, is the unrivalled exploit I ' of two French aviators in a recent j ! reconnoissance mission on the Somme j front. The tale comes from a French avia j tion camp where a detachment of air I men were witnesses to one of the most j I marvellous battles with the elements i ! and escape from what seemed certain I death. It is probably the first incident ? of its kind in the history of aviation. A French machine was called upon to ascend during a violent thunder and wind storm for important observation work over the German lines. When at a height of several thousand feet ! the members of the squadron below saw the turret and its machine gun stripped from the craft by the gale. The observer's seat was next to go, but the occupant, grasping the wing! stays, clung to the swirling 'plane- The j craft was whipped about in the sky at will and the cloth completely stripped from the fuselage. Both pilot and ob? server were clinging to their wrecked ; craft when it reached earth, after a scries of gyrations rivalling the most | daring acrobatics practised by Allied "aces." Both occupants escaped serious injury. Another machine, storm-driven far ? from its base in the gale, was forced '> to land within the German lines. Three Boches rushed up to take prisoner its j occupant, but were met by bursts of i machino gun fire. The pilot, conscious of imminent capture, drove his 'plane i over shell hole, tree trunks and rocks, ! and again braved the dangers of the ? Btorm in preference to German cap? tivity. He landed uninjured within his j own lines. -t ' Seabury Asks Democrats to Block Hearst i He Exposes Tammany Deal to Deliver Nomination for Governorship In a bitter attack on William Ran? dolph Hearst, whose record he char? acterized as odious, Samuel Seabury, former judge of the Court of Appeals and Democratic candidate for Governor in 1916, called upon the Democrats of the state to prevent Tammany leaders from delivering the. Democratic nomi? nation for Governor to Hearst as agreed. Judge Seabury asked hi.3 feilo-.v Democrats when thev meet at Saratoga on July 23 to designate their own candidate if Tammany should seek to carry out its deal with Hearst not to d?signais any one, so Hearst might capture the nomination by default. "For four years Hearst attacked the administration of President Wilson and has of late praised him only to make himself eligible for the nomination for Governor," said Judge Seabury. "He has foully nssuiled every public man who has refused to accept his dicta? tion. His assaults upon the late Mayor Gaynor were of a most scandalous character. For several years he poured ! his villanous torrents of abuse upon the late Major Mitchel. Hearst's whole record is such that his nomination would be a disgrace." Judge Seabury's statement, which is , addressed to the Democrats of New York, reads: Warning to Democrats "In April last. I warned the Demo? crats of N'ew York of the serious peril confronting them in the menace of Hearst's nomination for Governor. I '? showed that Hearst and Tammany had formed an alliance to seize the state government. Events have proved the correctness of my forecast. "During the last four months senti- ! ment against Hearst has grown so much : that there are some who still believe he would not have the effrontery to submit his candidacy to the people of the state. , Nevertheless, an alliance between Tarn- ; many aitd Hearst exist;;. I do not know the particular methods which these conspirators have used to accomplish their purpose. That will depend upon circumstances. It may be that in the Saratoga conference Tammany will openly support Hearst. But I doubt that this method will be followed. It would disclose too openly the real con? spiracy. Hearst Scheme Bared "That the Tammany delegates to the Saratoga conference will refrain from designating any candidate is probable. By this method Hearst will be free to wait until the last hour of the las? day allowed by law. He can then Continued on last page ?Osborn to Run For Governor To Save Party From Hearst! ? _ ! j ?He Accepts Tammany; | Challenge by An nouncing Candidacy Before Primaries ?Petitions Will Be Issued This Week Appeals to Voters Who Consider Hearst Policies Fatal to Honor GARRISON, N. Y., Jtrrry-T*?William Church Osborn, former chairman of the Democratic State Cornnjattco has ac? cepted the Hcarst-Hylan-Murphy chal? lenge by announcing his candidacy for Governor in the D?mocratie primaries. His petitions will be out this week. Osborn said he determined on his candidacy after learning that Tammany leaders were attempting to eliminate him from consideration by the Demo? cratic convention at Saratoga "to pla? cate the white-hot wrath of William Randolph Hearst." Osborn, who received a majority of the votes of upstate Democratic lead? ers at the Syracuse conference, was thrown in the discard by Tammany chiefly because he was a friend of the late Mayor Mitehcl, who was venomous? ly attacked by Hearst while alive. There was another reason why he was eliminated and this wan peculiar to the Tammany leaders. It was because they feared they could not control him. Tam i many wants some one who will stay ? rut. Backed by F. D. Roosevelt Osborn has the backing of Franklin i D. Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the j Navy, and he will have the support of i other members of the Wilson Adminis ! tration who have nothing but con : tempt for Hearst. Roosevelt, who also '? lives in Putnam County, is a neighbor ? of the former state chairman. Osborn ! will also have the support of Demo ; crats in the city and state who regard : the Ilearst-Hylan-Murphy pact as dis i graceful. Within a few days Osborn will issue \ a statement of his view3 on public questions. In announcing his candidacy ! to-night he said he appealed for sup | port to Democrats who believe the : right of self-government is the first j principle of the Democratic party and | who believe the principles and policies of William Randolph Hearst are fatal to the honor and integrity of the party. In making known his decision Osborn said : "The morning newspapers state that at a conference at Delmonico's yester? day Messrs. Charles F. Murphy, Rob ! ert F. Wagner, James A. Foley and | others representing Tammany Hall de ; cided to eliminate my name for the consideration of the Saratoga Demo I cratic conference. "This vetoes the work of the upstate party men. It nullities in advance the proceedings of the Saratoga meeting. It announces that the Democratic vot? ers of the state may only vote for a list of candidates censored by Murphy & Co. of Tammany Hall. To Placate Hearst "These men propose to control the freedom of the electorate in its choice of candidates. They do this to placate the whitehot wrath of William Ran? dolph Hearst. They challenge the right of the upstate Democrats to be heard in party conference, and they challenge the decent sentiment of the state. "As an upstate Democrat I accept the challenge. I offer myself as a can? didate for Governor in the Democratic primaries. I appeal for suppport to all Democrats who believe the right of self-government is the first principle of the Democratic party. I appeal to nil Democrats who believe the prin? ciples and policies of William Randolph Hearst are fatal to the honor and in? tegrity of our party. "I shall take immediate steps to ob? tain the needed petitions, and I shall at a proper time make a statement of my views on public questions." _,-.?? $50,000 for 72-Hour Flight Across Ocean "London Daily Mail" Renews Offer It Suspended on Ac? count of the War LONDON, July 15.?"In order to: stimulate the production of more powerful engines and more suitable aircraft,'* "The Daily Mail" announces the revival of its offer of a prize of $50.000 to the first person who flies across the Atlantic from any point in, the United States, Canada or New-: foundland to Great Britain or Ireland, or vice versa, in seventy-two consecu? tive hours. The original offer of "The Daily Mail" was made in April, 1913. It| was suspended at the outbreak of the war. Foe Beaten on 3 Fronts; U. S. Guns Start Fires; 24 Allies in Trade Pact Lord Cecil Says Na-| tion8 Have Made Compact of Eco? nomic Defence Germany's Status Rests With Wilson Enemies Will Not Be Members While Under Present Rulers LONDON", July 14. - An economic as? sociation of twenty-four nations com? prising the Entente Allies already is in existence, declared Lord Robert Cecil, British Under Secretar; of State for Foreign Affairs and Minister of Block? ade, in a comprehensive statement re? garding the world's trade after the war. I Whether Germany eventually shall be admitted to this economic association, declared the British Minister, will be j determined by the test established by President Wilson, when the President \ said on December t that if the German | people should still after the war was over "continue to be obliged to live under ambitious and intriguing masters interested to disturb the peace of the world," it might be impossible to admit them to the partnership of the nation? or to free economic intercourse. Lord Robert described this statement by the President as a definition of the qualifications for membership in the as? sociation of nations, and added: "To these declarations we give our warmest | assent." Germans Beyond Pale Gern', r/ ;v the one obstacle to this economic | :sociation of nations, said Low! Robert.?the Germany describe?! ; by President Wilson?a Germany liv? ing under ambitious and intriguing masters. "Germany's economic policy toward all the groups of people from the Arc \ tic Ocean to the Black Sea," he con , tinued, "is absolutely contrary to our principles. K %nomic independence and free choice are ?he last things which Germany will ever allow to the peoples . within her reach. "So long as t! is is the policy of Gcr ; many, how can ve admit her to metti , bership in the free association of na : tions to which we already belong?" asked Lord Robert. "Before we can offer her r.ny participation in our re? sources wa must, release her victims iiom the economic slavery that she is imposing upon them." Quotes Wilson's Words With regard to the economic prin? ciples of this association of nations, Lord Robert said President Wilson had en January 8 "stated them in memor? able words when ho advocated the re? moval, so far as possible, of all eco? nomic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade among the na? tions consenting to peace and associa? ting themselves for its maintenance." "After giving warmest assent" to these dec!:.rations of the President, Lord Robert added: "But do these declarations necessar? ily mean that we, the association of na? tions, are to have no protective tariffs in international competition in trade after the war? No. Every one is agreed to tliat. In the words of the programme of the Inter-Allied Labor Conference, 'the right of each nation to the defence of its own economic in? terests and to the conservation of a sufficiency of foodstuffs and materials cannot be denied.' " Will Fix Programme He concluded with the expression of the hope that the time was not far off that the Allies would meet at the coun? cil board to discuss in detail the eco- ? notnic association, which will combine the resources of the civilized world in \ the joint work of reconstruction and ? the restoration of prosoerity. "I have been much interested in the: series of addresses and discussions at' the recent meetings of commercial as? sociations in the United States, such ! as the chambers of commerce and the ' Foreign Trade Council, regarding trade after the war. The tone of these dis- : eussions seems to show clearly a de- : sire for settled arrangements for mut? ual help between all the nations now associated in the war against Germany. These are also our feelings in Britain, ! and I should like to make some ac? knowledgment of these recent utter- I anees of prominent American commer- : cial men by trying to describe roughly : the state of British policy at this mo- ; ment in regard to such matters. "The resolutions of the Paris eco nomic conference have been much dis? cussed during the last two years. When they were written we had an \ alliance of eight nations, six of whom ] had suffered the immediate ravagea of war. The world outside, including the United States, with its vast re? sources, was neutral, and, nominally, at any rate, the neutral world at the con? clusion of peace would have sold its products where they would have fetched most money. To borrow the plain words of the recent inter-Allied labor conference, ail these vast re- ' sources would have gone to those who could pay most, not to those who would need most, so the Paris conference was a defensive agreement of those I then engaged in the war to secure : their own peoples against starvation and unemployment during the period of reconstruction, and to provide for the restoration to economic life of the : Continued on next pagv y-?-?I __________ ' British Land Force on Murman Coast LONDON, July 15. British forces, after landing on the Murman coast, have occupied the port of Kern, on ! the White Sea, the "Frankfurter ! Zeitung" says, according to a Rot? terdam dispatch to "The Daily Tele? graph." Free Belgium Bid by Hertling Only a Trick i Germans Revealed as Still Holding Country as Price for Colonies I COPENHAGEN, July 14.?Chancellor \ von Hertling's pronouncement on Bel ' gium is regarded in high German political circles, says a dispatch from Berlin to the "Politiken," as merely a concrete statement of the position long ? maintained by the German govern? ment namely, that Belgium is only a pawn for Germany's use at. the peace , table. The dispatch adds: "President Wilson's speeches had ! given the world the idea that Germany hoped to retain Belgium, and because of this a concrete statement was cjeemed necessary. "German officials take it for grante? that Germany will be compensated fot the return of Belgium by getting bacl all ?Tec colonie:? and obtaining fret routes to them. "The fate of Belgium," according ti these officials, "depends upon whethe the Entente will accept these condi tion.s. If the Entente tries to enforci a policy of taking away the Germai colonies and in cutting Germany of from the outside world, then German; ' won't surrender Belgium." ? Important Foreign Policy Statements Promised by Vienne ' AMSTERDAM, July 14.?It was an nounced at Vienna to-day with refer ] ence to the impending sessions of th Austrian and Hungarian parliament? according to a telegram from the Aus 1 trian capital, that "important state ments regarding the foreign policy wil be made by the government." PARIS. July 14.?The "Arbeiter Zei ! tung." of Vienna, the official organ o : the Austrian Social Democracy, de ' mands, according to a dispatch receive , by the Havas Agency, that the Austria! : government come to an agreement wit] [ President Wilson. The German Imperial Chancelier an : nounced in the Reichstag last mont ' that the "Arbeiter Zeitung," of Vienn? had been barred in Germany by th I government, in full accord with th government at Vienna, because th paper was "considered every day mor and more a pei'verted newspaper." Berlin Editor Decries Hertling For Waiting Policy AMSTERDAM, July 14. "Chance! lor von Hertling's declaration regard ing Belgium is a great step in ad vanee," says the "Frankfurter Zeil ung." "Enemy statesmen," the news paper continues, "cannot, interpret i as British Foreign Secretary Ba four did the Chancellor's Februar speech by indicating that. Germany ir tends to make Belgium subservient t herself by means of commercial, terr torial and military conditions. Thei is now no obstacle on Germany's sid to the ending of the war." The "Vossische Zeitung" says "Chancellor von Hertling's statemer on Belgium was made with a d?finit? ness which always hitherto has bee lacking. The Chancellor's thorough e: position of his conception of the Be gian problem will silence chatter abot German statesmen being intentionall silent on this subject or expressin themselves with studied obscurity." "Germania" says: "Belgium is til most important question raised by tl war, and with the Chancellor's elet statement regarding it the intern: political situation can now be consii ered as no longer strained." Hertling an Opportunist Theodor Wolff, editor in chief of tl "Berliner Tageblatt," condemns tl speech of Count von Hertling, sayinj "The Chancellor ia silent about wi aims. If Count von Hertling conside: Belgium is part of the peace questio he must remember that for nobo?. Continued on page three ? _ British Adv-ance Line South of Ypres ?and Take More Than 260 Prisoners Gun Duel Along American Front Austrians Driven Fur? ther Back in Albania With Comparatively Little Resistance French forces in Albania have capt? ured Hill 500 and the villages of Narta and Gramshi, which bring1.; the Allies eastern flank apprecia? bly nearer Lake Ochrida. The Franco-Italian armies are giving the enemy no rest, pressing: him back daily. In Macedonia, wept of Doiran, the British have struck a blow against the Bulgarians with good result. The rail line running: northward from Uskum may be their ob? jective, the aim being to outflank the enemy northeast of Monastir. British forces in a local operation east of Lake Dickenbusch, south of Ypres, in Flanders, yesterday advanced their positions and took more than 260 prisoners. Bad weather is believed now to b_> one factor delaying the expected German offensive. Heavy rain is causing a diminution of activity all along the front. On the American front along the [' Marne there has been a noticeable increase in the intensity of the long range artillery fire, but no personal' contact with enemy forces. Berlin announced "the enemy" at? tacked west of Chateau Thierry, in Champagne, Saturday, and v.as sanguinarily repulsed. No word of such an attack came from the Allied side. Whether Americans were in action is not known. Big gun exchanges on the Italian front are reported from Valarsa to the eastern sector of Asiago Plateau. Italian fire has dispersed moving enemy troops north of Barcola Pass. Long Range Firing Increases on U. S. Front on the Marne ( riy 7>?' Azsoriatcd Prtjiil WITH THE AMERICAN FORCES ON THE MARNE, July 14. -Then was increased artillery firing, and ir particular long-range shelling, or the American front along the Manu throughout the night. There was no infantry fighting The weather continues cloudy an< uncertain. Allies in Albania Push Foe Back With Comparative East LONDON. July 14. Allied forces ii Albania are continuing their driv? against the Austrian armies with com paratively little opposition. The French forces have driven th< enemy from Hill 600 and from the vil l?ge of Narta, at the confluence of th Tormoric? and Devoli rivers, and estnb lished their advancer with great rapid ity. In addition, on the right ban of the Devoli River, the French ad vancing columns have occupied th town of Oramshi. The British, to the west of Doirar have carried out a successful rai against th?j Bulgarian lines, forcing th defenders b?ck at several points i sanguinary conflicts, according to re ports reaching the War Office to-nigh This may be the- opening of an attemr to cut the railroad running north froi Cskub. but details as yet are lacking. Tomorica and Devoli rivers, and estai the enemy is shoeing continued weal n?*ss and the formidable defence t the early days of the drive is almot entirely lacking. The statement on the Balkan flghtir given out in Paris to-night read as fo iows: "Eastern Theatre, Jaly 14.?W*?t ( Doiran British troops carried out successful raid on the Bulgarian line "In Albania the French troop? cot tinued their successful advance. Th? drove th- enemy f.oin Hill 600 ar from the village of Narta, at the coi fluence of the Tomorica and Devc rivers. On the right bank of the Devc we occupied Gramshi." Beaten Austrian Forces in Albania Surrender Freel LONDON, July 14. Telegraph! Thursday, Reuter's correspondent the Macedonian front bays: "The Allied 'derations in ?South?