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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 20, 1918, Image 9

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four Lightless
Nights a Week
Ordered Here
fuel Administrator Garfield
Calls for Resumption of
Conservation Measure
Street Illumination
Reduced to Minimum
Open-Air Eating Places and
Outdoor Movies Only
{Sp?cial Dispatch to The Tribune) i
WASHINGTON. July 19.?To con
.?erve coal Fuel Administrator Gar
field to-day promulgated a new light
less night order, which prohibits the
use of fuel for outdoor illumination
during the first four days of each week
in New England and the Eastern states,
and places a similar prohibition in all
other sections of the country on Mc-n."
days and Tuesdays only. Only bona
fide outdoor food and entertainment
establishments are exempted from the
operation of the order. ,
Under the i-rdei the use of light
generated ?r produced by the use or
consumption of coal, gas, oil or other
fuel fur illuminating or displaying ad- j
vertisementsf, announcements or signs,
or for the external ornamentation of
any building will b'c discontinued en?
tirely ?m Monday, Tuesday, Wednes?
day and Thursday of each week with?
in New England and the states of New
York. Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Dela
ware, Maryland arid the District of Co?
lumbia. It will be entirely discontin?
ued on Monday and Tuesday of each
week in all the remainder of the
United States. The order excepts roof
gardens and outdoor restaurants and
outdoor moving picture theatres.
Street Lights Dimmed
Street illumination in all cities will
be restricted to the hours between sun?
set and sunrise, and the amount of
public lighting in any city will be
reduced to that necessary for safety.
The order charges local fuel adminis?
tration officials with the duty of ar?
ranging with the proper municipal au?
thorities for the regulation of public
lighting, in accordance with the pro?
vision of the order.
The use of light for illumination or
display in shop windows, store win?
dows, or in signs in show windows, will
be discontinued from sunrise to sub?
set, and will bv discontinued entirely
on the "lightless nights" designated
by the order.
The Bureau of Standards of the De?
partment of Commerce has advised the
fuel administration that it is estimated
that about 500,000 tons of coa! a
year is used for advertising purposes,
including display and show window
/ighting, in the United States. Similar
estimates fix the amount of coal used
in advertising lighting in New York
City at 16.000 tons a pear.
Asks Cooperation With Miners
With the miners of the country re?
sponding loyally to the appeals of the
fuel administration for increased pro?
duction, the weekly output of bitumin?
ous coal is surpassing all previous
records, it is stated. The efforts of
the fuel administration, operators and
miners to increase production must be
supplemented, however, by the elimi?
nation of every wasteful or unneces?
sary use of coal, it is said. The enor?
mous war demand for fuel makes it
imperative that the country make the
most economical use possible, even of
the constantly increasing output.
Lichnowsky Expelled by
Prussian House of Lords
AMSTERDAM, July 19. ? Prince
Lichnowsky, German Ambassador in
London at the outbreak of the war,
whose disclosures attributing responsi?
bility 'o Germanv for nie bringing
on of the conflict brought h m into dis?
favor at home, has been permanently
excluded from membership in the Prus?
sian House of Lords, according to the
"D?sseldorf Nachrichten."
A minority of the members voted
for the temporary exclusion of the
Deputies Would Punish
Officers for Mistakes
PARIS, July 19. ? Deputies Abel
Ferry and Louis Deschamos have made
an important report to the Army Com?
mittee of the Chamber o*' Deputies
concerning the government inquiry into
the German offensive of May 27 (when
the Germans captured the t hemin des
fames and advanced to the Marne).
The committee adopted the recom?
mendations nnnle by the deputies, which
invite the government to inform them
of the disciplinary measures taken and
to introduce a bill by which general
officers seriously at fault in the future
can be punished.
$150,000 for Scotch Hospitals
LON'DON', July 19.?It was announced
by the British Red Cross to-night that
the American Red Cross had donated
another ?150 000 to the Scottish Wom?
en's Hospitals, in recognition of their
Very efficient work at the front in
France during the last two months.
Rumania to Prosecute
Bratiano Government
BUCHAREST, Rumania, July 19.?
The Chamber of Deputies has decided
that the government, headed by J J.
?. Bratiano, in office at the time of
Rumania's entry into the war, shall
bi prosecuted.
Alfonso Saves Eight Belgians
MADRID, July 19.- Intervention by
??ing Alfonso has brought reprieves
to eight Belgians condemned to death
by a German court at Brussels. This
announcement is made by the Foreign
Cuban War Chief on Way Here
,A CUBAN PORT, July 19.?Brigadier
General Jos? Marti, Cuban Secretary
?f War, has departed for the United
I J?/i ideal stop of/ for *
I a/jcr/m/n?ting mo/or/s/s
I Merrick Rd. Lynbrcdk.u.
42"" ST.J?ST W?5T0FB WAV
Commons Passes Alien Bill
LONDON', July 19.?The British na- j
tionality and status of aliens bill was
adopted by the House of Commons to
day by a unanimous vote.
The bill had been amended by add- j
ing a provision that no certificate of !
nationality shall be granted for a pe- j
riod of five years after the war to any ?
Germany subject or any subject of any i
country at war with Great Britain, un- |
less he has served in the British or I
Allied force*-, is a member of a race
or community known to be opposed to
enemy governments or was a British ;
subject at birth.
Another amendment empowers the ?
Home Office to assent, to the applica
tion of a British born wife of an en- I
emy alien to resume her British na
Clandestine Masons
Are Denounced Here
Attempt to Dupe Soldiers'
Charged by Scottish Rite
A clandestine Masonic body plans to '
confer to-dny the Scottish Rite degree
on Masons in the United States service.
This body, which meets in Harlem, has, !
it is charged, inveigkcl Hundreds of
Masons at several of the nearby camps
and some who are at camp in Gettys- '.
burg. These Masons, unaware of the
clandestine character of the body
which meets to-day, are now en route
to New York.
When they arrive at, the Pennsylva?
nia Terminal they will be met by rep?
resentatives of the Grand Lodge of
the State of New York, who will ad?
vise them of the irregularity of the
body that proposes to obligate them
Walter W. Griffith, Commander in
Chief of the Ancient Accepted Scottish
Rite in the Valley of New York, said
last night:
"There is but one legitimate body of
the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite in
Manhattan, and it meets in the Ma?
sonic Temple. No meeting of that
body is now being held. Inasmuch as
this is the only organization recog?
nized by the Scottish Rite Masons in
France or by the Mystic Shrine in the
United States or bv any other body
with Masonic affiliations, it seems a
shame that these soldiers should be
misled into joining an organization
which is not recognized by any legiti?
mate body of Masonry."
Any interested Mason may obtain
further information by telephoning to
the office of Robert Judson Kenworthy,
grand secretary of the Grand Lodge,
Gramercy 2<j04.
Merchant Killed by Fall
William Ollendorff, forty-nine years
old, either fell or jumped from a win?
dow of his apartment on the eighth
floor of the house at 7 West Ninety
eighth Street early yesterday morning
and was instantly killed. His body was
found shortly after 6 o'clock in the
courtyard of the apartment house,
Mr. Ollendorff was in the underwear
business and was well known in finan?
cial circles. He was an enthusiastic
golfer and motorist. His brother,
Siegfried Ollendorff, of 204 West 108th
Street, and other relatives insist Mr.
O'lendorff was killed as a result of an
Mr. Ollendorff was born in Germany,
but came to this country when a young
Y. M. C. A. Men Reviewed
Four hundred Y. M. C. A. secretaries
soon to leave for overseas service were
reviewed yesterday by Dr. William T.
Manning, rector of Trinity Church and
chaplain at Camp Upton, in the Armory
of the 9th Coast Artillery Corps, 125
West Fourteenth Street.
To Lieutenant Colonel George W.
Burleigh, who ha3 been assigned by
Colonel J. R. Delafield, of the 9th Coast
Artillery Corps, to drill the "Y" secre?
taries, Dr. Manning said that he was
i immeasurably pleased with the type of
, man represented, and asserted that
' America might well be proud that men
I of this calibre were in the service.
He then addressed the men from the
bridge of a Id-inch gun.
Chauncey P. Goss, Sr.
WATERBURY, Conn., July 19.?
Chauncey P. Goss, sr.. president of the
Scovill Manufacturing Company, died
at his home here to-day.
Mr. Goss was eighty years old and
i one of Connecticut's foremost manu?
facturers. He entered f,he Scoville
company's office in 1862 as office boy
i and had been president and treasurer
i since 1900. He leaves four sons, three
! with the company and another, George,
. a famous Yale football player, in army
service in France. There also are two
' daughters.
David Banks Sickels
PATERSON, N. J., July 19.?David
Banks Sickels, aged eighty-one, au?
thor, traveller, lecturer and financier,
died to-day at the home of his daugh?
ter, Mrs. Andrew Derrom, 4t>3 Ellison
Early in the Civil War Mr. Sickels
was a correspondent for New York and
other newspapers. Later he entered the
Federal army and rose to tho rank of
colonel. After the war he was diplo?
matic representative for the United
States in Siam. Subsequently, with
Lyman W. Griggs, he founded the
American Surety Company.
Mr. Sickels travelled extensively in
the Orient, and was an international
authority on Eastern subjects.
B. A. Dyer
Benjamin A. Dyer, formerly a promi?
nent Boston shoe manufacturer, died
vesterdav at the Post Graduate Hos?
pital, aged seventy. He was born in
Boston, and for eighteen years had
lived at 712 West 180th Street. The
body was taken to the Campbell fu?
neral establishment, Broadway and Six?
ty-sixth Street, where services will be
held at 2 o'clock this afternoon.
Miss Sarah E. Bush
PORT CHESTER, N, Y., July 19.?
Miss Sarah E. Bush, aged ninety-five,
the oldest woman in Port Chester, died
here to-day in the Bush homestead,
erected in 1734. She was a descendant
of the oldest family in this section
and lived here all her life. The Bush
estate originally was an extensive
tract and has been sold to wealthy res?
idents for estates.
King George Gives
Park for U. S. Hospital
LONDON, July 19.?The proposal to
establish an American Red Cross hos?
pital in the grounds of Windsor Castle
has been discarded, owing to the diffi?
culties that would be encountered in
draining the soil. The King there?
fore asked the American army authori?
ties to choose a suitable site in any of
the other royal parks.
The high ground in Richmond Park,
?verlooking the Thames, has been se?
lected. It ia close to the South Afri
an Hut hospital, where there are al?
ready nearly 100 American sick.
Garbage Official
Indicted as Federal
Operation Is Urged
True Bill Is Returned by
Richmond Grand Jury
Against F. Jeffries
Hylan Asked to Act
Committee Will Go to Wash-1
ington to Demand U. S.
Take Over Concern
While the Board of Es'timate, in ex- j
rcutive session, was discussing proffer- !
?ng to the Federal authorities the ?2,- j
000,000 garbage disposal plant on Stat
en Island, the Richmond County Grand
Jury indicted Frederick Jeffries, the
superintendent, on a charge of operat?
ing it in an "improper and inefficient
manner, causing it to become a public
Reports by sanitary experts of the
municipal and state health departments
and a personal investigation by nine
grand jurors nrompted tho handing
down of the indictment. A member of
the State Board of Health appeared be?
fore the grand jury and read a report
from Thomas Horton, the chief en?
gineer of the board, to Governor Whit?
man, informing him that the plant had
become a nuisance. The investigating
jurors reported that they had found
nine barges tied up at the. piers of the
plant. The Larges, they said, had been
there for sixty days.
Wednesday a committee of grand
jurors visited Mayor Hylan with a plea
to take steps to abate the alleged nui?
sance. Tt is cutting real estate values
in Staten Island by 40 per cent and re?
tarding the borough's growth generally,
they said. The health of the popula?
tion, including the thousands of ship?
yard workers, is being en?angered, they
It was expected last night that as a
result of this appeal the Metropolitan
By-Products Company, which operates
the plant, would lose its contract.
Preparations for a grand celebration
'throughout the island had been made.
To the disappointment, of a majority
j of the one hundred thousand Rich
! mondites, the Board of Estimate, at its
? meeting, merely discussed the possi
I bilities of persuading the government
' to 'take over and operate the plant.
A committee, of which Mayor Hylan
is chairman, was appointed. It will go
to Washington Thursday to conferwith
the War and other departments. It was
stated that the Metropolitan company,
which was supposed to purchase the
garbage from the city, had defaulted
in payments. Lack of funds prevented
the city from assuming management of
the plant, it was said. The government
will be told that glycerine, fertilizer
and grease?three essential war prod
cuts?can be obtained from the opera?
tion of the plant. Proper management
will insure against its remaining a pub?
lic nuisance, the committee will main?
Nurses Work in Pitch
Darkness All Night
Red Cross Receives Interest?
ing Account of Exploits
During Air Raid
WASHINGTON, July 19.?How dur?
ing an air raid twenty American Red
Cross nurses were called to a new hos?
pital near the front, where in pitch
dark wards eight of the number as?
sisted in caring for 200 wounded Amer?
ican soldiers throughout the night, is
told in a communication from Miss
Julia Stimson, chief nurse of the Red
Cross in France, received at Red Cross
headquarters here. The story of the
incident follows:
"Summoned in an emergency to take
cure, of American soldiers in a hos?
pital near the front, twenty Red Cross
nurses were packed in :?. large motor
omnibus with an army nurse who was
going up with her surgical team.
When the town was reached at 10 p. m.
the place was in such absolute black?
ness it was impossible to read the
signs in the streets and difficult to
keep in the road Soon two American
military police stopped the truck and
guided it to Red Cross headquarters,
where Captain Jackson came to direct
up to the ho?pital.
"By means of occasional flashes from
a hand torch it was -possible to follow
the guide to the Ecole Professionale,
which had just that day become an
I American Red Cross hospital. By this
time the siren was sounding the warn
? intr of the air raid and guns were
\ booming. Tho nurses hurried across
a cloister-like corridor into a pitch
black room because, it was explained,
it was unsafe for them to stay out in
the open.
"There wove about 200 American
patients in the building and a few
French soldiers. The severe raids of
the day before had completely demor?
alized the civilian employes, who had
left. Gas, electricity and water mains
had all been put out of business.
"It was stated that at least eight of
the new nurses would be needed that
night and volunteers were asked for.
i Every one of the twenty volunteered.
j The first eight women who could be
touched in the darkness, much as chil
! dren pick lenders in a game, were put
i over on one side and the rest were
i conducted to an empty ward, which
contained absolutely nothing but bed
? frames, with metal slat springs.
"The eight night nurses, discarding
their hats and coats, were then taken
to pitch-black wards full of wounded
men, where they worked until day?
British Laud U. S. Fliers
I LONDON, July 19.? American air
squadrons now scattered at numerous
i points throughout Great Britain have
' won golden opinions from the British
air fighters. What the British air
force officers think of these Americans
may be illustrated by a letter sent by
a major commanding a district in Cen?
tral England, who shortly after being
transferred to a new command wrote
to the commander of an American
squadron which had previously been
! under his direction:
"It is difficult for me to find words
: that effectively express the complete
' satisfaction the work of your squad
| ron gave while under my command. A
; keener, more willing, bigger hearted
' lot of men than those that compose
; your squadron would be difficult to
. find.
"Their capacity for work is enor?
mous. The more I gave them to do,
the more they asked for, and they al?
ways did it with a willingness that
showed th?y had done it for the sheer
love of it. I always shall be prepared
; to back them for work, discipline and
1 appoarance against all comers. My
opinion of your squadron is summed
. up as To'lows:
"I should be proud to command them
i At tho front."
The Tribune Fresh Air Fund
I Hera are outpourings from the hearts l
of three mothers.
Ono of them read in Wednesday's
Fresh Air column the question of the j
woman who asked whether it was
worth while to send children from the j
tenements to the country. She sent j
her boys to Fresh Air hosts years ago.
She writes:
"I want to say 'Yes, Yes!' it is worth
while to send tenement children to the
country! My boys were sent there by ?
The Tribune Fresh Air Fund years ago,
and I know it helped to make good men
of them. In grateful remembrance I
send $5 as a contribution to the Fund.
I wish it were more. I sometimes think
bow fine it would be if more mothers
sent a little in memory of the happy
days so spent. With best wishes for
the Fund. Yours truly,
"Mrs. J. R-."
The other mothers were looking
toward the future, not back at the
past, when they wrote their letters to
the fund,
"Having heard how good you have
been to hundreds of children in send
'iig them to the country, I beg you you
should send mine, because they suf?
fered very much this winter, and even
now they are not getting what they
should get. I have five. My husband
was hurt--it's nearly two months?and
I have to work hard to make ends meet.
I am living in a bad section and my
rooms are bad?only skylight nir. So
if you could send them for a couple of
weeks it would make them strong for
the winter.
? "Hoping to hear from vou Roon.
"Yours truly, MRS. B-."
"I hope you will excuse me troubling
you at this time. But I write to ask
you if you know of any place I could
put my children in the country during
their vacations. I am the mother of
four children, having been deserted by
my husband eight months ago. I do
my utmost to support them with the
help of $20 a month which I receive
from the St. Andrew's Scotch Society.
I go out washing during the day,
which leaves them to look after them?
selves. And I feel they would be bet?
ter off where they could bo attended
to more than I can during the hot
! "Respectfully, MRS. -."
These mothers did not expect that
their appeals to the fund would be
published, but they tell the whole
story, nevertheless. There is no need
to add to them anything in the way
of an appeal to the friends of children,
unless it is this little picture of joy
from the pen of Robert:
"Dear Mrs. Donovan.
"I hope you are well and the hole
family. I wish the cat was out out
here he would get good eats and home
keeping just like i do i drank 4
BOWLS of milk and the cat could have
all she wanted if she was here.
"From ROBERT."
Contributions to The Tribune Fresh
Air Fund
Previously acknowledged.$18,938.27
In loving memory of S. B S
July 19. 25.00
Katharine I Harrison. 10.00
Jean . C.00
Robert Neearsuhner. 5 00
Vrom Tho Children's Friend. 6.00
Mr?. Horny Pehenck. 100.00
Kloronco Bnrlin. 5.00
Lou 1m J. Fatt"n..'. 6.0'i
George W. Baily. 6.00
In memory of Petar, Qiiogue. L. I. 6 on
Mrs Hugh O'Neill. 50 00
Susan B. Hardman. U no
"? M. 2.00
Oiik Hill Sunday School, Ulster,
Penn. 2.50
T. V. H. .-. i,o
.1. W. Spalding. 2.00
Minnie Kreielsheimcr. l.no
8. W. It. 2.", 00
Marjorie R. Wilson. 6.00
Charlotte J. Coles. 6.00
W. D. P. 1.00
Wllllnm "1. Low. 26.00
Miss K. .F. Johnston. 2 00
J, H. Pilkin.i r..0()
John T. Clark. 2.00
B. W. Gage. 2;",.00
Charle? Morgan. 10 00
Mrs. Jam?s S. Stevens. 2 00
KIlwood Williani?. 1.00
E. H. Thomas. 12 00
Loretta E. Frederick. 20.00
Theodore II. Ward. 10.00
In memory of J. N. L. 10 00
Mrs. J. Reich. r,.00
Mrs. M. L. Pillot. 2.00
Philos . 2.r..0(i
Robert Oppenheim. 10.00
Miss Isabel Hennigar. 1.00
R Dawsori Hall. 5.0C
King's Daughters, Rockaway, Mor?
ris County, N. J. 5.00
The Misses Ramage. 25 Of
Catherine Murray. 10.01
M. W. H. 5.0C
j M. F. Burns. 25.0(
IE B. S. 10 (m
\ Mrs. Grayson Murphy. 25.Oi
The Rev. Frederic R. Marvin. 6.01
Frances M. Whaley. 6.0(
Anna D Palmer. 12.0i
William J. Beisscl, D. D. S. 6.01
; Miss Mary E. Mowbray. t"'"1
Gottheit Parh. K.0I
I Colonel A. C. Blunt. 20.01
Mabel Garrison. 6.0t
1 Louise . B.Ol
I H. E. Ferguson. 3.01
North Avenue Presbyterian Church
i Bible School. Primary Depart?
ment, New Rochelle, N. V. 18.0:
I \V. V. Duryee. 6.0?
i B. D. Traite!. 6.0?
Master John Carl Wolft. 6.01
'? The Rev. William Montague Geer. 6.0t
Mrs. D. B. Dalrymple. 1 S.Oi
In memory of W. N. G. 12 0
! H. W. and K. W. 10.0'
I.E. B. S., jr. 6.0
| A ?iKUBt Biedsrman. 5.0
i Children's Friend. 6.'1
Im d. 12?
(Frederick G. Durhrow. 10.0
! Miss Florence Walker. 12 0
: Mrs. S. Low. 12.0
Child's carfare and candy money,
M. Zeisse. Christ Church. 10.0
I M. Parsons Todd. 10 0
| Mr. and Mrs. Charles D. Chapman 10 0
! H. S Corham. 5.0
1 Pnii'a Bates. 6.0
| William 10. Flory. 5.0
Hi-*. F-nnk Baldwin. 5.0
'Miss Stella Rae Connelly. 4.0
Total July 18, 1918.$19.771 s
Contributions, preferably by chec
1 or money order, should be sent to Th
j Tribune'Fresh Air Fund, The Tribun?
I New York.
Red Cross Mission
From Japan Gets
Warm Welcome
Brief Address Made by
Prince Tokugawa in Penn?
sylvania Station
An unusually enthusiastic welcome
was accorded the special commission!
of the Japanese Red Cross, which ar-1
rived from Washington last, night at?
the Pennsylvania Station on its way to
France, headed by Prince Yohihisha
Tokugawa, a descendant of the last
shogun of Japan.
Hundreds of travellers awaiting
trains and practically all the passen?
gers on the Congressional Limited,
which brought the commission to this i
city, assembled on the main level and
listened to the brief address made by!
the prince, who spoke in English. :
Ethan Ailen, manager of the Atlantic'
Division of the American Red Cross,:
headed the reception committee and,
arranged for the transportation of the i
visitors to the Waldorf-Astoria in!
motor cars of the Women's Red Cross>|
Motor Corps.
Prince Tokugawa expressed the i
gratitude of his country, the commis?
sion and himself for the warm wel
come that had been accorded to the i
i party sjnce it arrival in America, and j
1 explained that he could not express
any opinion on national or world poli- i
tics, as his work concerned only that
| of the Red Cross.
| The party will visit the Stock Ex- ;
I change thi.-i morning, and after visit- :
', ing the Woolworth tower will take
| luncheon at the Union Club as guests
i of Ethan Allen. Among those who will
i attend are Henry P. Davison, Don C.
i Seitz, Jacob H. Schiff, Frank N,
| Doubleday and C. Yada, the Japanese
Consul General.
The afternoon will be given over to
! a visit to the aviation field at Min
' eola, where the visitors will witness
flights by army aviators. Later they
. will be driven to tho home of Henry
j P. Davison, at Locoust Valley, where
i they will spend several days.
_ ?- .
; Ambulances Needed
A drive for $125,000 to purchase fifty
! motor ambulances was started yester
' day by the National League for
Women's Service under the direction of
i Mrs, Edward McVickar.
The ambulances will be used, at the
| request of Surgeon ?General Gorgas, for
: the transportation of wounded soldiers
from the docks of Atlantic port cities
i to the army hospitals, when the influx
'. of American wounded begins. Each
? ambulance will cost $2,500 to buy and
maintain for a year, and will be
equipped to carry four stretcher cases
or fifteen sitting cases The driving
i will be done by the Women's Motor
i To Take Up Draft Issue
1 Russian citizens who have been
drafted into the American army under
the selective service act will soon have
the question of their right to exemp?
tion from military service taken up by
the Cabinet at Washington, according
to a letter from the Russian Embassy
to the Bureau of Legal Advice of this
The selective service act expressly
1 excludes the drafting of aliens, and, as
no agreement hus been reached be?
tween the Russian and American gov- ,
ernments, many Russians now in the
army have been illegally inducted.
There is a provision in the act for,
men who have taken out first papera.
The matter is complicated by the ,
fact that Washington still retains as
Ambassador to this country the Keren
? sky envoy and has failed to recognise
' the present Russia? government, the
'Mixed Party9 Can't
Compel Service in
Negro Restaurant
A. Cohn's Suit Charging
Color Discrimination Dis- j
missed by Court
The Appellate Division, in a recent
opinion, has refused to award damages
to a white man who was refused ser?
vice in a negro restaurant in Harlem.
Arthur Cohn, a Hebrew, entered the
restaurant kept by Isaac Goldgraben in
company with Henry Williams, a negro.
The head waiter refused to serve
Cohn and Williams on the ground that
it was against the rules of the place to
serve "a mixed party." Cohn brought
suit for damages in the 2d District
Municipal Court, but a jury dismissed
the complaint.
The majority opinion of the Appel?
late Division, upholding the judgment
of the lower court, was written by '
Justice Whitaker, who held that there
was no refusal to serve Cohn because
of "color or race." The opinion set
forth the following unusual discrimi?
"The plaintiff was white and his com?
panion was colored. They were both re?
fused service, so it could not have
been on account of coior. . . . The
rule that 'mixed parties' should not be
Berved applied to white as well as
colored. There was no discrimination
as to one color in favor of another.
"The record plainly indicates that
I both parties would have been served
I at separate tables and that plaintiff
; knew this nnd refused service at a
! separate table. How can it be said,
1 then, that he was refused service on
! account of his color?"
| Cohn's suit was brought under the :
| civil rights law amended in 1913. In i
i a dissenting opinion Justice Bijur i
i wrote:
"It seems to me to be clear that the
j plaintiff was, on the occasion in ques
! tion, denied the privileges of the de
? fendant's restaurant because he was
! white. The defendant virtually said to
I the plaintiff, 'If you were colored and
| came here with Williams you would
! be served, but, being white, we will
? not serve you.' The law naturally does
not undertake to define or even to in?
dicate which, if any. race or color may
be regarded as superior. Its sole and
manifest purpose is to prevent dis- ;
crimination on that account."
Plays and Players
The New York War Camp Commu?
nity Service will give, a performance
at the Casino Theatre to-morrow.
Among the performers vho have vol- ;
unteered are Frank C irman. Grant
Evans, Dixieland Jazz Band, Andy
Tombes and Rena Parker, Triangle
Trio, the Dooleys, Mollie King, Jessica
Brown and Biuy B. Van.
Harry Clarke, who played the part
of the society press agent in "The
Kns Burglar" at the Eitinge Theatre,
has enlisted in the navy and was called
to the colors yesterday.
Peggy Wood will return to the cast
of "Maytime" at the Broadhurst Thea?
tre on Monday.
"Eyes of Youth" will move to the
Thirty-ninth Street Theatre on Mon?
Olga Roller has been added to the
cast of "The Passing Show of 1918."
which will open at the Winter Garden
on Thursday.
- i
Orlando Daly has been added to the !
cast of "The Blue Pearl," which comes
. to the Longacre Theatre on August 5.
Colton White has,been engaged for
the r?le of the pi stn asti r in "Mother's
Liberty Bond," to be produced at the
Park Theatre.
Lieut, Mitchell
Is Acquitted of
Draft Conspiracy
O'Neil and Others Accused
by U. S. Implicated by j
Stories of Draftees
Judge Martin T. Mant?n in the Fed-;
eral Court yesterday directed the jury
to return a verdict of acquittal in the
case of Lieutenant Leonard Mitchell, !
who was on trial with Frank O'Neil, j
former State Boxing Commissioner;
Lieutenant Oswald Simpson and Sam- j
uel Reichback on a charge of accepting
money to obtain the discharge or
transfer o! men in the military servie*.
Judge Mant?n took this action im?
mediately after George Curtis, As?
sistant United States Attorney, had
rested the case of the prosecution on
the ground that no evidence had been
presented against Lieutenant Mitchell.
The case against the others will be re?
sumed Monday when the defence will
Martin W. Littleton, counsel for
O'Neil, moved to dismiss the indict?
ment against his client. The motion
was denied.
During the afternoon session the
government called several drafted men
to the stand. They told stories of how
they had, at the suggestion of Reich
back, consulted O'Neil to have him use
his "influence" with army officers to
have themselves or their kin dis?
charged from military service. In
each case where money was paid to
O'Neil, according to the testimony, he
gave receipts and promised to refund
the money if he was unsuccesful.
Louis Schlechtmann said that
through a mutual friend he met Reich
back and a njan named Cole. He de?
clared Reichback was introduced as "a
man who knew how to get men out of
the army." Reichback, according to
the witness, said that his lawyer,
O'Neil, could have his son released
from the army by having him re?x
amined and disqualified because of
heart trouble.
The witness said that Rcichback in?
formed him that, for $2,000 the matter
of his son's discharge could be fixed
up. The money was not paid and
young Schechtmann was later released
on ?examination by the medical of?
Higher income Tax
Urged in Revenue Bill
WASHINGTON, July 19.?A 10 per
cent minimum income tax for individ?
uals and corporations in lieu of the
present 4 pe? cent for individuals and
0 per cent for corporations, was favored
at to-day's executive session of the
House Ways and Means Committee,
which js drafting the new var revenue
bill. No conclusion was reached, how?
ever. Lowering of the fixed amounts
exempted from taxation also was dis?
cussed, but sentiment largely was in
Members of the committee expressed
fear that with present rates the
.$6,000,000,000 revenue planned from in?
comes and excess profits could not be
raised. Some members suggested re?
sort to consumption taxes, but this was
regarded as a last expedient. A slight
tax on cotton also was suggested.
On the assumption that nation-wide
prohibition legislation now pending in
Congress will not be enacted this year,
there was renewed discussion of ob?
taining more revenue from beer and
other intoxicating liquors. It was sug?
gested that a direct tax o.i gross sales
in all transactions from manufacturer
to consumer would yield ?^,000,000,000.
Red Cross Seeks Definite
News of Roosevelt's Fate
WASHINGTON, July 19.?Every ef?
fort is being made by the American
Red Cross through the International
Red Cross in Switzerland to obtain
definite word of the fate of Lieutenant
Quentin Roosevelt, who fell with his
airplane behind the German lines on
If the young aviator is a prisoner in
German bands, the possibility of which
is indicated in cable dispatches from
France, the Red Cross may be notified
within three or four days, although
the length of time frequently required
to learn the fate of aviators ranges
from two weeks to three months.
Empire State Asked
For 452S5 Nurses
ALBANY, July 1?.?-New York state
is asked to enroll 4,285 women, between
the ages of nineteen and thirty-five, as
its share of the 25,000 women the gov?
ernment is seeking to recruit for the
United States Reserve.
Recruiting stations will bo opened
July 29 and continue to August 11. Ap?
plicants may apply for training in a
civilian hospital or the Army School
for Nurses. They must hold themselves
ready for assignment to a training
school until April 1, 1919. Women with
high school or college educations are
preferred, though this is not essential
to enrolment.
Mrs. Alexander Trowbridge, chief of
the Woman's Division of the State
Council of Defence, is in charge of the
New York campaign.
Famous Fearing Library
Left to Harvard University
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., July 19.?The
entire library of Daniel Butler Fear?
ing, who died recently at Newport,
It. I., is to be presented to Harvard
University, under the terms of his
The Widener Library nt Harvard al?
ready houses two of Mr. Fearing'a
collections of books; the Persius col?
lection, assembled by Mr. Fearing ami
the late Professor Morris II. Morgan,
and the Fearing collection of books
on angling. The latter consists of
more than 12,000 volumes in twenty
languages, including all editions of
Izaak Walton.
Horse Show to Open To-day
The annual horse show of the Islip
Polo Club will be held to-day on the
grounds of the club, Oakwood Park,
between Islip and Bayshore, Long Isl?
and. The proceeds will be turned over
to the Suffolk County Chapter of th?
American Red Cross.
Among those who have taken boxes
are Mr. and Mrs. Bradish Johnson, Mr.
and Mrs. W. Russell Grace, Mr. and
Mrs. Herbert L. Pratt. Mr. and Mrs.
Henry W. Bull, Mrs. W. Bayard Cut?
ting, Frederick G. Bourne. August Bel
mont, jr., H. Pieman Duval. Harry B.
Hollina, jr., and Harry K. Knapp.
Hunnewel?-Strange Wedding
Miss Frances Strange, daughter of
Vr.-. Anne Noell Strange, will be mar
ried to-day at her home, in Danville,
Va., to Lieutenant Norman Frothing
ham Hunnewell, U. S. R., of Winches?
ter, Va. Lieutenant Hunnewell is a son
of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew T. Hunnewell.
He attended the Plattsburg camp and
has ?r-''n service in France. He is now
an instructor at Camp Jackson, South
Paris Labor Congress
Approves Wilson Peace
PARIS, July 19.?The Congress of
the Genera] Confederation of Labor,
after a long and animated discussion
last night, adopted by -x vote of 90a
to 23:> a resolution /improving the
adoption by the leaders oi the con?
federation of the pe<u'e principles
enunciated by President vVilaon.
Balfour Opens Drive
For Business School |
Starts Campaign for Commerce
Department for London
LONDON, July 19.?With the in?
dorsement of Arthur J. Balfour, the
Foreign Secretary, a campaign is under
way to have London University inati
tute the study of and degrees in com?
merce. At a meeting la:it night, at
which Mr. Balfour was the chief
speaker, the scheme was warmly in?
dorsed, and a committee was appoint?
ed to raise funds to further the cam?
After dealing with various objec?
tions, especially the contention that
the scheme would lower university
study, give it an almost sordid aspect
snd have a narrowing effect, Mr. Bal?
four said the courses of study proposed
would widen the view of those engaged
in commerce. "Some persons seem to
think that the infinite activities of the
commercial and industrial world were
beneath the notice of highly educated
and intelligent men," be said, but con?
tinued: "A more profound mistake
does not exist."
The Foreign Secretary declared
there were few subjects having so
many aspects of interest. The making,
transporting and marketing of goods
and the financing of their distribution
formed a subject so profoundly com?
plicated, he said, that a man not need?
ing to earn a living and having no idea
of gain might well devote himself, from
a purely scientific viewpoint, to these
subjects. Commerce, he said, taught
the science of social organization,
diplomacy and international relations
in every aspect.
"How can such a study have a nar?
rowing effect?" Mr. Balfour asked, and
concluded: "The university will do a
great work if it will carry out such a
British Munition
Strike Threatens
LONDON, July 19.?A labor dispute
which may lead to a serious situation
has been begun in Coventry and other
centres, says an announcement issued
by the Ministry of Munitions to-day.
A large number of skilled munition
workers, it is stated, have handed in
notices, which take effect next week.
! , Cessation of work by these workers,
it is added, would lead to the stoppage
of the production of some of the most
vital and urgently needed appliances
and munitions.
The ministry explains that the
threatened strike does not arise out
! of any difference between the employ?
ers and the workmen, but from the
action of the government in seeing
that skilled labor was fairly divided
among the munition firms. This had
brought about a great deal of misun?
derstanding, which every effort was
being made to remove.
Hoover in London
For Conference of
Food Controllers
Sessions Will Fix What
Allies Need From Amer?
ica's Stores
May Pool Supplies
Co-operative Plan Will Be
Suggested to Assure
Help for AU
LONDON, July 19. ? Herbert G.
Hoover, American food controller, ar?
rived to-day at a British port from
(Special Dispatch to The Tribune.)
WASHINGTON, July 19.- Coincident
with the arrival of Food Administrator
Hoover in England the food administra?
tion to-day made formal announcemen.
that his purpose in vis-ting Allied coun?
tries at this time was to ascertain their
food requirements and to determine the
programme necessary in the United
States to meet these requirements
Further than this it is understood Mr.
Hoover will lay before the Allied food
authorities a plan for pooling the entire
food resources of the United States and
the Allies.
Mr. Hoover, who left Washington on
July 8, was accompanied by Joseph P.
Cotton, head of the meat division of the
food administration; James W. Bel!,
head of the milling division: George S
Jackson, vice-president of the grain
corporation, and Lewis Strauss, his pri?
vate secretary.
Dr. Alonzo Taylor, who has had wide
experience with the food problems in
Europe since the outbreak of the war,
preceded Mr. Hoover by several weeks,
and has been gathering data and in?
formation for use at the conferences.
The first meeting of the Inter-AJHad
controllers has been set for Monday in
3,000 Buenos Ayres Bakers
Join General Strike Move
BUENOS AYRES, July 19. -One-half
of the 6,000 bakers emoloyed in the
city of Buenos Aires have joined the
general strike movement under the
direction of an anarchistic strike com?
mittee. Efforts have been made by the
committee for two weeKs to bring
about a general strike of all labor
throughout Argentina.
The employes of power houses
threaten to walk out with n the next
few days and the government is pre?
paring to Jse naval enginet-rs and fire?
men in their places.
T0-?AY 2:10 ??^ FORTY-FOURTH
OC?T United States Government Exhibit; Pure Food
Zji-eS-4 Exhibit; Fine Arts Exhibit; the first submarine.
Concerts by 7th Regt. Band 1:30 and 8 P. M.
(Bathing tickets at regular rat?s carrying admission to grounds
sold at the gate prior to 12 noon daily except Sundays )
Restaurants, Dancing, Shows and Amusement Devices of the better class.
East 177th St- Bronx Subway Station at Entrance.
?U? HIWIMWT l???ti*
- ?><.????> I^'y^y>y|rfr,.,i
I vrCITM Weit 45ih St K??s. at s s?.
LIUK.U1VI MaU T?.i!ay A T!i>jr?., 2 30.
DAVID BKI.A8CO present?
PMCTV B'way ami 4?lth Si. Bt'-rlng? S 15
?UAIC. I I Matine?? Tj day ana Wnl. 2 10
Klaw * Erlanger's Musical Comedy (lit
TH? KAlNtt?tf G!RL
I IRPRTV west 42 stp.eet Kt?j?. * 29.
L.IDCIVJ I >ia.ine?. To-?.lay and Wml.. 2.?0.
The Aviation Muaical Comedy .Seosstioa
at *
?lay & Wed.,
f? ELTINGE ?Kits
[COHA?? & HARRIS 5&? Wt?t
V.L5J3L M?tine? To-,Uy nul Wr.t -j-jo
, lepnerp0l& irene bord?n!
AmUte?! bv CAROLINA WHITE .Soprano
T!<k?t3 $1.00. ?1 :u. $-00. $2.i0. $3.0?.
plus 11% War Tax Now nn ?a!>* t^'?x olfloa
i n E. Johnston's office, 1451 B'way.N.Y.CIty.
I V O I I A!1 p,?r Can? in
li'way. 4<Jto St. EVERYTHING"
. 0 '?.60. I?s $1. _ Rivoli Or,.i?s!ra
|l ? I- I V tn "THE VAMP "
Ott ?quar? gotqtata?rom??tSv
M. 6?. KUiiQ Ocrbeat??.
MAI* at?ft
?X*Ht|l?ft ,
WINTER GARDEN ???*?,??"'
Jagff'MMIM SBOW-ffi
Maiine Elllolf % ?,"' ?T,,.,"v" ?S?
vita Al.MA TELL and Or xiu! Caat.
CUITDCDT ?4th. W of ir?,, Frirs ? IS
jnuotftl MaUnees To lay and (Ved., ?;IS
AC"tVSlI> *-?>?? * Hro.rtwty Evg-i ?S?*
JJ? ? f 1?/ Ma?1 ??(???-?lay iu]d Wrd . ? 30
15-s! S'-ms a' Box Office SOc. to $2. '?
BROADHURST ??2i.?J'i%?.\
Jotm T. Murray-Caroiyr rhoma-aii.
A Musical
ErW-eit SOc. Ho, (1. SI.fiO * S3.
Papular Matlnae Wod. Rn-aul-r Matin?-? gat
joTU ?T WKA. E ?f B'"a> K?0 ? W
?Min ?l- MaJ? To-day ?ji.l Tfi'ir? . i 30
Tho Stuart Walkar Ob
m HI Mil M i'io Piuar* ?aiawr \m. la %
f DXJXI in Booth Tarlnniton't f"om?iy. %
\ Wedneeda*. l'.K. SEVENTH MONTH. /
C Ta-da
\ Wedw
Li l J ma l
137t? Ht. and A-uairr.lai? Ave
f vr ?
Boloiat To-niitrit ALMA CLAVgOfU?M. ,-p, . o;
CANTOR KANEWSKV. ?nor Number? fro?
T *acft. I'uiviui. :tc :???.* aira.
SKATS 25c. 50e ad<l $1. at Stadium. Mjt
aleUopoUtab Mualral Uuraaa. M WaM 4M
Bum!?? ai.'J hailot? Ftta
la ea*? of rait- perforas ant? tn Colic?* Kali.
Coot. Il A M to 11 1- M Roof <? j A' ?j
JINK UMlltii; "J,an of the Hood?''
Lcew's taries. Ruf ?Zrf^Z^j'??t
C! uta :i?r."?r. W*t. Lyt?ll 4 c*?.. ' HrwnM
Uova. Falrfcaoaa. 'Say! Vevaf tel.*? fa, 55, >?
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