OCR Interpretation


New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 02, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1918-08-02/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
IS GUARANTEED
First to Last? the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
Srttrane
WEATHER
Fair to-day and to-morrow. Mod?r?t*
southwest to west wind??.
Fall Report on Pajee 7
Vol. LXXVIII No. 26,192
JCopyri-cht 101ft?
The Tribune Ass'n]
FRIDAY, AUGUST 2, 1918
rp *m *xy
TWO rr?-m i *? Greater ?w York nnd I THREE CENTS
TWOlE?iTB? within commatta* disUutr? j \Usemmxetw
Allies Advance on 12-Mile Front;
Dominate Fi?mes: Foe in New Trap
U. S. Increases
Carmens Pay;
May Raise Fare
P. S. C, Looking to Ad-|
vanee Here, Asks Aid
of the President
New 6 ?r 7 Cent
Pieces Predicted
Recommendation Is Made
That Raise Be Allowed
Only for War Period
The passing of the nickel as the
unit of fare on urban and suburban
traction lines both in this city and
throughout the country was fore?
shadowed in significant developments
yesterday. A six-cent or seven-cent
fare on subway, elevated and surface
lines of New York City, it is pre?
dicted, will be ordered within a
month as a war measure. The mint?
ing of a new coin is an added pos?
sibility.
The War Labor Board at Wash?
ington yesterday ordered sweeping
wage increases of from 35 to 65 j
per cent to 50,000 employes of |
street railways operating in sixteen
cities. The board also urged Presi?
dent Wilson to recommend special
legislation to provide for a Federal
inquiry into the financial situation
of transit lines.
Direct appeal to President Wil?
son was made yesterday by the
Public Service Commission of this
district on behalf of the New York
City companies. It urged him to
appoint a Federal board to cooper?
ate with state and municipal au?
thorities to readjust wages and
rates of fares.
P. S. C. Asks Wilson
To Assist in Plan
To Raise Car Fares
The Public Service Commission yes?
terday recommended to President,
Wilson the appointment of a street'
railway administrator, or board of!
three, to advise with the local authori- !
ties on the question of granting wage !
increases. "But," said the commission- j
ers, "any increases granted should of!
course be for the war period only."
Federal assistance in solving street
railway problems is being urged on the !
?ground that in spite of the "bank- !
ruptcy" cry of some of the traction j
companies the lines must be kept run- !
i>ing to their full limit to facilitate!
the travel of war workers.
Opinion prevailed yesterday that the !
present 5 cent rate would be raised to j
6 cents and possibly 7 cents in less I
than a month. An official of the New ?
Wk Railways Company said that to j
overcome the inconvenience of hand]-'
?n-Z pennies a new 6 or 7 cent coin j
would have to be minted.
"The good old nickel, which from
time immemorial has been an easy
Passport from anywhere to anywhere
within the city, is as good a3 gone,"
"? said. "A nickel is worth oniy 3
cent* now. There will undoubtedly be
? new coin minted to meet the new
carfare."
An increase of even 1 cent in the
fare would cost New Yorkers millions
annually. On the basis of 1,918,812,000,
??res collected last year, a 1-cent in?
crease would amount to $19,181,120 |
?Kgregate increase in the. revenue of j
?H the New York lines. A 7-cent fare, ;
or 2 cents increase over the present
rat?, would net the companies $38,
??2.000 additional.
Recommendations to Wilson
Officials of the New York Railways
Company declined to say what effect
"?? would have in offsetting the losses
?eich they assert have been suffered
through higher wages and increased
**?t of operation.
?he Public Service Commission's
?"?commendations to President Wilson
were drawn up as the result of a con- ,
Terence of the war committee of the j
Rational Association of Railway and
-tilities Commissioners, which was
"?M Tuesday in Washington. The
'?commendation? follow:
af ?. n*t'onal Administrator, or board
t?mtm V' w,th P&wer of recommenda
nW ',c* "r rc^,-e"t to the state and
??nidpal authorities.
Mem '??"turbance of the rate and ser?
ti,. DOW*r*- "{ f-he state commissions or
?f contractual powers of the rnunicl
wities -xcept ?? tho state or municl
W **ta?p%\ee may subordinate these
f ?ne Federal recommendation? for
Continued on Uiet page
Baker Bill to
Extend Draft
Ages Is Ready
Congress May Be Urged to
Call Men 19 to 36
* Into Service
?_
| WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.?War De
I partment recommendations for enlarg
! ing the arrny for the extension of draft
age limitations in order to provide new
! reservoirs of man power to back up the
forces already at the front will be laid
before Congress next week. Members
of the two military committees have
been recalled to Washington by the
chairmen in order to expedite the "bill.
In announcing, following a confer?
ence" with Chairman Dent, of the
House committee, that his increased
army project was virtually ready, Sec?
retary Baker would not say what age
limits had been settled on, nor indi?
cate in any way the size of the army
which he is planning. |
"I do not want to say what the ages
will be," he said, "because the concur- '?
rent action of the two houses is neces?
sary to secure assent to them. 1 had
a conference with Mr. Dent this morn?
ing and went over with him the full
plan, involving the suggested ages. I
am to have a conference with Senator
Chamberlain as soon as he gets back.
Revision Both Way?
"Any suggestion to extend the draft
ages is to produce in Class 1 an ade?
quate number of men for the enlarged
military programme. If the ages are
revised they will have to be either be?
low twenty-one or above thirty-one, or
both. I think it will be both."
The only specinc information regard?
ing the new age limits to be drawn
from Mr. Baker was a statement that
the limits of nineteen to forty had
been among the suggestions canvassed
but rejected. In many quarters it is
believed extension to the ages of nine?
teen and thirty-six will be recom?
mended.
Secretary Baker has heretofore an?
nounced that his policy in recommend?
ing any change in draft ages would be
to seek a sufficient number of men to
meet the army's needs in such ages as
would least disturb the economic situ?
ation at home. The "bulk of the new
forces, in his view, should be drawn
from the youngest class of men physi?
cally able to stand the strain of mod?
ern warfare.
250,000 a Month
As to the size of the army for which
this increased Class t is necessary no
official has dropped a hint, with the
exception of General March, who is an
nouncing the creating of :t July i-ched* |
ule of six new division:*, followed by
an August schedule of the same num?
ber, and who has indicated the embarc?
ation upon stich a monthly programme.
At this rate approximately 250,oO0
men a month will be sent oversea?*-,
their places in the home cantonments
to be. taken by 260,000 new men.
It is not certain that the department
is aiming at the creation of a force of
any definite size. There are now up?
ward of 1,300,000 American troops
either overseas or en route. Secretary
Baker said to-day the shipment rate
of the early part of July had been
maintained throughout the month, al?
though he did not have available the
total shipment. Under the 2.50,000 a i
non*}, suggestion and without mishap!
to the supply line, October should see
2,000,000 Americans overseas, and the j
opening o: the spring campaign of !
1919, when many officers believe the ?
final scenes of the German defeat will
begin in a great combined drive
against the German lines, miiiht easily
see 3,000,000 ready for action, with an?
other force of substantially 2,000,000
organized at home.
Daniels Opposed to
Foreign Decorations
Naval Men Are Permitted to
Accept Them Under Re?
cent Army Laws
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. The accept-?
anee of British decorations, conferred
by King George on certain American {
naval officers, is said to have dis?
pleased Secretary of the Navy Daniel:?
to the point where he may make known
his feelings to the officers involved.
Secretary Daniels expressed his opin?
ion indirectly on the matter some time I
ago, when he congratulated Vice-Admi- j
ral Sirns, head of the American naval |
officers abroad, on his declination of a
decoration proffered by King George.
The h?ad of tho navy will issue no I
order against th'; acceptance of foreign
decorations by officers in the naval
service, however, because of the ex- j
press provision in the last army bill I
authorizing men in both the military
and naval establishments to accept j
honors and decorations conferred by
the Allied governments. Friends of j
the Secretary say had he known at the ]
time this provision in the army bill j
was pending that it would apply to
the navy he would have opposed it.
German Flour Ration
?8 Reported Restored
AMSTERDAM, Aug. 1.- The flour i
ration in Germany will again be raised :
to 200 grammes on August 19, accord j
ing to a diapatch from Berlin. The !
tir?t meatleuH week also will begin j
Augunt 19. As u substitute ?even ;
pound? of potatoes will be supplied.
The flour ration of Germany was
200 gramme? daily per person ?7.0B
ounce?) up to June 0, when it was re?
duced to 140 grammes (5.6 ouaceaj.
I New'H'System
Brings Worst
(Subway Jam
I _ I
|Thousands Lost at Times;
i Square Station as the
I Routes Are Changed
Many Carried Far
From Their Homes
-
i
Shuttle Service Failure at|
42d Street Adds Greatly
to Confusion !
Thousands of persons were lost last ;
night in the subway at Times Square.
owing to "the confusion resulting from
the opening of the new "H" section of ?
the Manhattan underground system.
While city officials, Interborough offi?
cials, members of the Public Service
Commission and several hundred guests
enjoyed a comfortable first trip over
the new West and East Side lines and
wer* celebrating the opening of the
new service at the Astor Hotel, a great I
throng of bewildered citizens jammed j
the old Times Square subway station, |
scurrying back and forth between that
central poisnt and the shuttle stations !
connecting with the new up and down
town lines in an almost vain effort to ;
find trains which would carry them I
home.
The old service from Times Square ;
to the express station at Grand Cen-1
tral was entirely cut off by the new !
arrangement. The shuttle service,}
which took its place, went bad, the
trains running at long intervals, and
general confusion resulted. The con- i
gestion on the trains when they did ?
arrive to take off the waiting and dis- j
gruntlcd crowds surpassed anything |
ever heard of before in the. sad history <
of the underground strap hangers.
Look in Vain for Trains
Hundreds of people who looked for ?
trains to take them uptown from
Times Square looked in vain. Sev-?
?eral score of Interborough guides per-?
Continued on pago six '
German Chancellor
Reported in Holland
i By The United Press)
LONDON, Aug. 1.?Former Foreign
I Minister von Kuehlmann and former
j Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg are
rumored to have appeared in Holland,
"The Daily Mail" announced to-day.
The newspaper pointed out this may
possibly mean a renewal of the Ger?
man pence offensive in connection with
the new open letter of Lord Lans
downe.
U-Boat Sinks
Bark 550 Miles
Off U.S. Coast
British Steamer Lands
Crew of 18 From Portu?
guese Ship
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1..The Portu?
guese bark Porto was sunk by a Ger- !
man submarine 650 mijes off the At- j
lantic coast on July 27, the Navy Dc- !
partment announced to-day. The crew |
of eighteen men has been landed at an
American port by a British steamer.
After overhauling the bark the sub?
marine's crew destroyed it with bombs
placed in the cargo of cotton. No fur- ?
ther details were given, but it, was as- '
i
sumed that the crew was permitted to
take to the small boats. The Porto !
was bound from Savannah for Oporto.
This is the first official word of i*. j
submarine operating off the coast re- |?
ceived here since a sea wolf appeared i
suddenly ol? the Massachusetts sea- |
board eleven days ago and shelled a j
lug and the barges it was towing.
This occurred several days after the j
United States cruiser San Diego had j
been destroyed off "Fire Island. N. Y.,
presumably by a mine planted by the ?
submersible.
There was no information to show !
that the submarine which sank the
Porto was the same one that attacked |
the tug and barges, but it was assumed i
that it was. There have been several I
unofficial reports recently of steam- !
ers sending radio messages lhat they!
were being attacked off the coast, but I
if they wore destroyed their crews?
have not yet been landed on American I
shores so far as the Navy Department
has been advised.
Tuesday nicht a British ship put into !
an Atlantic port with its stern dam- j
aged and its cook wounded by a piece |
of shrapnel. The crew told a story o! ?
a five-hour running fight, with a giant I
U-boat 600 miles cast of Sandy Hook.
'Lloyd George
! Urges Stern
Peace Penalty
'Premier Wovid Make the
Terms Consistent With
Duration of Conflict
Insists on Harmony
Of Policy With U. S.
Cites Kaiser's Methods to
Stress Need for Economic
Combination
LONDON, Aug. I.?"No man should
boast until the battle is over. But all
men who know arc pleased at the way
it is going."
Premier Lloyd George thus comment?
ed in addressing a deputation of 200
members of the National Union of
Manufacturers, whom he met yesterday
for a discussion of after-the-war com?
mercial problems.
"We must necessarily, in whatever
policy we proclaim," said the Premier,
"keep in touch and be in complete ac?
cord first with our dominions, and, sec?
ond, with our Allies. -There is a good
deal of discussion about a league of na?
tions. 1 am certainly one of those who
ielieve in it. But there are two leagues
of nations already in existence?the
British Empire and the great alliance
against the Central Powers."
Referring to the Paris resolutions, he
said:
"Up to the present time America has
expressed no opinion upon them, and it
is vitally important that the policy of
America and that of this country
should be in complete agreement on
economic, as well as other problems.
An agreement among the Allies means
that, the economic fate of the world will
lie in the hands of the great Allied
powers federated together at present."
After discussing the necessity of
promoting after-war industries essen?
tial to the country economically and
militarily, the Premier continued:
"The longer the war lasts the sterner
Continued on page five
WILL SOME LITTLE BOY OR GIRL IN THE FIRST GRADE PLEASE TELL
LANSDOWNE WHAT WE ARE FIGHTING FOR?
I U-Boats Being Sunk
Faster Than Ever
; LONDON, Aug. 1.?Andrew
| Bonar Law, Chancellor of the
I Exchequer and government
I spokesman, stated in the House
! of Commons to-day that German
I submarines were being sunk at a
far greater rate than heretofore.
_
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.?The
j submarine is no longer a deter
, mining factor in the war, and
i statements by Emperor William
1 in a proclamation to the German !
i army and navy that submarines
' "are tenaciously* attacking and
j fighting the vital forces which are j
j streaming across the sea" are !
without foundation, Secretary
Daniels said to-day.
"The reduction in sinkings has
been steady," Mr. Daniels said.
"The submarine, as a leading, im
portant factor in the war, is end- j
I ed. It is always a menace as i
long ns there is one in the seas,
and we are losing shipssand will
continue to lose ships now and
j then, but as for its being a de?
termining factor in the war, that
fear is ended."
AmericanGuns
Blast a Path
For New Gain
| Let-Up in Enemy's Artillery
Fire Indicates He Is
Retiring to Vesle
(By The Atsocatttd Press)
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON
THE AISNE-MARNE FRONT, Aug. 1
18 P. M.). -The American troops
j pushed forward their lines at certain .
points Thursday on the centre of the
Rheims-Soissons salient, notwithstand?
ing the resistance of the Germans, who ?
did not give ground on some sectors
until they actually had been shot from
their positions,
The Germans are desperately cling?
ing to their strongholds at Nesles and j
' in Meuni?re Wood, northeast of Ron
ch?res, but the Americans have gained
a hold on the northern edge of the I
Meuni?re Wood. The Nesles Forest is i
under the range of the American heavy
guns.
Enemy Guns Active
Aviators report that the Germans aro :
rushing up reinforcements, including !
tanks. The enemy's heavy guns are j
pounding the Nesles and Meuni?re
woods unmercifully.
Observers and prisoners who had |
been brought behind the lines pre- |
viously reported the forests as having
been jammed with German troops and
also with large quantities of supplies.
The German losses in men, therefore, j
must have been very great, as the ?
heavy guns started shelling the woods \
several days ago.
The Allied troops continued to-day i
to encounter barbed wire. Between i
Scringes and Sergy there were woven
fields of wire entanglements. At. creek
crossings and in the valleys the Ger- i
man machine gunners held their com- |
manding positions until the heavy guns
of the French and Americans blasted a |
way through the wire and ousted the
enemy from his positions. Some of the
enemy machine gunner? stuck to their,
posts under terrine tire until they were <
killed. ?
Sway Rack and Forth
The American heavy artillery com- ?
mands the village of Chamery, north?
east of Sergy. the Americans having
wrested the hill beyond the last-named
village from the Germans in a battle
lasting for hour--. The'lines swayed
hack and forth many times, but the ;
Americans eventually pushed the Ger- j
mans back. This lighting was in the j
open, and the American infantrymen
showed great courage.
To the north of Cierges the Ameri?
cans also advanced their line. The
light began early Thursday for the pos- '
session of a farm, from which the j
Americans swept away the Germans.
North of Sergy the Americans crossed
wheat fields that had been planted by
French peasants, the crops of which
had been partially garnered by the :
Germans. What remained of the wheat,
was recovered by the Americans.
There was much aerial activity
throughout Thursday. The Germans
sent out large numbers of aviators,
who appeared to bp determined to pro- ;
tect the forests from the Allied airmen. :
'?'here were numerous battles in the air.
i Noon ).?The Germans used less art.il-,
lery late yesterday against the attack- |
ing forces on this front, depending
more upon their machine gunners for
defending their lines. This fact \
coupled with stories of prisoners and !
deserters, tends to strengthen the belief !
that they are planning a withdrawal to
new positions along the River Vesle.
A deserter who came into the lines j
last night declared that orders had !
been issued for a series of retrograde ?
movements until Fi.-mes, on the Vesle, ]
had been reached.
American and French troops launched
an attack Wednesday a.lternoon from j
Scringes to Cierges, on the centre of I
Continued on next page i
Franco-American
Fire Near Rozoy
Hems in Germans
Cramoiselle and Entire Meuni?re Forest Occu?
pied, and All Roads to Great Enemy Supply
Base Are Brought Under Allied Guns
in Day of Violent Fighting
General Retreat to River Vesle
Is Believed To Be Under Way
British and French Smash On Two Miles and
Capture Beugneux and Cierges; Rheims
Cathedral District and West Part
of City Afire
By Wilbur Forrest
< Special fable to The Tribune)
Copyright. 191 s, by The Tribune Assocation
WITH THE FRENCH ARMIES, Aug. 1 (evening).?Gen?
eral Mangin's Franco-American forces north of the Ourcq began
an attack at daybreak to-day from Le Ples.sier-Huleu to Fere-en
Tardenois (a front of about twelve miles on the west side of the
salient). Before noon, Hill 205, overlooking all the communica?
tions as far as Fismes, was taken in violent fighting.
Cramoiselle, four miles northwest of Fere-en-Tardenois,
and the .entire Meuni?re Wood, seven miles southeast of Fere
en-Tardenois, were captured in the pfiffest struggle. Enemy
troops now occupying the Hartennes-Grand Rozoy salient and
enfiladed by the Allied artillery fire are in a most delicate
situation.
The enemy artillery on Wednesday carried out a heavy
bombardment along the whole line, including the regions east
and west of Rheims, and made raids at several points, presuma?
bly in an effort to "feel out"' the Allied intentions.
The cathedral quarter of Rheims was aflame yesterday
evening, as was also the western part of that martyred city.
In their two-mile advance north of Grand Rozoy the Franco
British forces also captured the villages of Beugneu.x and Cra
maille, and took more than six hundred prisoners, General Foch
announced last night.
In the second two-mile drive, farther south, the Allies occu?
pied Cierges, crushing another German' pocket in the battle
line, according to the French War Office.
Near the tip of the great salient a sharp local operation
threw the enemy back and captured the village of Romigny.
One hundred Germans were taken prisoner.
The Germans are now being forced to retreat from the for?
tified line their official statements have said they chose to
stand on.
The Allies have captured 34,100 prisoners, including yes?
terday's tolls, since July 15, the date of the launching of the
Crown Prince's drive on the Marne, the French War Office an?
nounced last night. This is the largest number of prisoners
ever taken by the Allies in a single offensive in the West.
Bitter Battle Rages Beyond Ourcq;
Last German Rail Line Under Fire
(f?y The Associated Press)
WITH THE FRENCH ARMY IN
FRANCE, Aug. 1 i Evening). General
Mangin, with the French and British
troops of his command, is fighting a
severe battle north of the Ourcq River
and is making considerable progress.
After taking the village of Grand
Rozoy, northwest of Fere-en-Tardenois.
the Allied troops advanced to le Fles
siere Wood, where the combatants are
in the closest of grips and the combat
is extraordinarily fierce.
The heights north of Grand Rozoy
have fallen into the hands of the Allies,
and it several points the Allied troops
have approached within five miles of
the railroad leading to Bazoches, which
is the only railroad that can be used
by the Germans for maintaining com?
munication.
With the fall of darkness to-night
fighting continued between the Allies
and the Germans on the western side
of the Soissons-Rheims salient. Allied
: observers reported that bodies of Ger?
mans were fleeing precipitately north?
ward along the road leading from Lau
noy, which lie? about midway between
Soissona and Fere-en-Tardenois.
The attack by the Allied forces,
which brought them such good results
during the day, started at 4 o'clock
this morning:, with the aid of tanks.
The British joined with the French
in attacking the woods, thickets and
villages, each of which had been trans?
formed into a fortress with the aid
of machine guns.
By t> o'clock Hill 205 and the village
of Courdoux, Servenay and Cramoi
selles had fallen before the deter?
mined Allied ?assaults and prisoners
were coming in. By 7 o'clock the ad?
vance was so marked that the Britisii
snd French batteries were able to go
forward to new positionr. The German
guns replied feebly, but their mitrail?
leuses were very numerous.
The enemy counter attacked furi?
ously from Buzancy and Eveque Wood.
but their efforts were splendidly held
up by the Allied infantry.
By evening the Allies had occupied
C-amaille. northwest of Fere-en-Tar- i
(itnois and the hillocks to the north \
of it.
Allied Advance Forcing Germans
To Vesle Line, Washington Believes
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. The Ger?
man armies apparently are again on
the retreat in the Aisne-Marne salient.
The American thrust in the centre of
the line, at Seringes, already has given
results. The Paris statement to-night
showed that the Allied forces had
leaped forward on the German flank??
on both sides, indicating to observer*
here that the withdrawal to the Veslfl
was in full swine
This has been expected by officer*
here since the American divisions out?
fought crack German regiments in XAjof

xml | txt