Newspaper Page Text
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER.
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE iS GUARANTEED jXJcu?DKrrk First to Last-the Truth: News '- Editorials - Advertisements WEATHER" Generally fair and continued want to-day and to-morrow; moderat? south wind?. Full Report on Pace T Vol. LXXYITI No. 26,196 r Copyright 1918? The Tribune Attn'n] TUESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1918 v V V Twn nrvr* 5 In Greater New York and XWOl?rre)itllMB ???mutin* dl.Ulir? i within commuting distance THREE CENTl El Hew he re Allies Throw New Forces Over the Vesle; Gain Near Fismes in Desperate Fighting Wilson Cheers Hog Island's First Vessel 100,000 Spectators Join as the Quistconck Slips From Ways Steamer Christened By President's Wife Next Keel Is Laid Two Minutes After 7,500-Ton Ship Takes Water By Theodore M. Knappen PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 5.?Wildly cheered by the President of the United States and lOO.noo other Americans, the $55.000,000 ship plant of the Amer? ican International Shipbuilding Com? pany at Hog Island shoved its first boat into the water to-day. With the President and Mrs. Wilson confronting their own portraits on the bow of the receding vessel and under the snapping flags of all the allies and the house flag of the United States Shipping Board the Quistconck struck the "whispering sea" on time to the second, first of a certain fleet of 180 great ships of steel that are to issue from this yard. Two minutes after the saws bit through the saw-off planks and the Quistconck was released to her own ?ltment. the long-armed derrick booms were lowering steel into place for the k?I of the Quistccock's successor, Ship No. 30, in Berth N'o. 1. The multitude that witnessed the launching nn? the beginning of an? other ship wa3 doubtless the largest crowd that ever attended a launching since the Argo, "the first long ship" sailed the antique seas. There was no ceremony save the ancient custom of breaking a bottle of champagne acrors the bow of the ship. This Mrs. Wilson did gracefully and vigorously. President Wilson Made No Speech The great crowd, though warned not to do so, expected a speech from the President, and was plainly disappoint? ed when he contented himself with waving his hat, smiling and cheer? ing, and as he left the christening landing began to disperse, with the result that no speeches were made, though Chairman Hurley of the Unit? ed States Shipping Board, Director General Charles M. Schwab and Vice President Baldwin of the American International Shipbuilding Company had been counted on for addresses. These undelivered speeches became in? terviews or disappeared altogether. Ten thousand special invitations Wire sent out for the launching, and it was announced that no American citizen would be turned away, ticket or no ticket. The people began to ar? rive as early as 7 o'clock in the morn? ing in search of good places for viewing the spectacle. By noon the open spaces around the ship were jammed for hundreds of yards with a happy and patient crowd, fully half of which wa.i made up of the thirty thou? sand workmen and their families. Notwithstanding the density of the crowd, the intense heat of the day and the swampintr ot all transit arrange? ments from trucks to steam cars, the arrangements were ??o excellent, 'hanks largely to the white-helmeted military guard of the island, that there was not a single accident, ?hough more than two hundred per? sons were prostrated by the heat. These victims were picked up quickly uy the emergency ambulances of the Plant and rushed to the hospitals, where all soon recovered. No Hitch in Plans Of Launching President and Mrs. Wilson and party arr;v(.fj ln their private car at 12:25, 'he car being pushed right up to the JWnching stage. (General Hull Super? intendent Andrew then gave the order i? clear away," and as Mr. and Mrs. *H?on, Mr. Hurley, Mr. Baldwin and <>ne or two others ascended to the launching pulpit the hollow, cracking ??Ond of the great mats of steel settling on the sliding wavs and shore O'oc?h could be heard. A few moments ?ter the .shore blocks were released ?rom their burden, and at 12:35, with SM\WiIson standing expectantly with We bottle of champagne in her right r?n'-, the command to caw away was At.the precise moment of high tide **:** the saws bit through the plank:*, "J* **?t wood fibres snapped with the *fa^.ul noise that proclaim?, a suc "???ul launching and the Quistconck "??JeiHlca?y and silently pulled away ??t not before Mrs. Wilson had ?rnanhed the champagne bottle with a bow h'Ui * '?*m'n* ??dash across the ,J/'\ |n?Pinng spectacle of the mas ,?"? ?hip moving SO calmly and quietly '_'J- ?<> inovitably, into the wator quite *"???>? the President's habitual re _ _j' jnd no hoy on the bleachers ever ?iA?? ',r '-''I:'d more vigorously than "? ?!?? white-garbed Chief Magistrate ? ?"? big boat shot into the stream, Continued on page three Sinks U. S. Ship Off Halifax, Then Shells Lifeboats U-Boat Fires on Survivors After 3-Hour Battle With Tanker HALIFAX, N. S? Aug. 5.?The Stand? ard Oil Company's tank steamer Louis Blanchet war- torpedoed and sunk forty miles west of this port to day after a thrilling three-hour bat'le with a Ger? man submarine. The crew took to their small boats, where they were shelled by the sub? marine, but escaped without being hit. The chief cook and the chief steward of the tanker, however, were killed when the explosion of the German's torpedo smashed the steamer's stern. U-Boat Sinks' U. 5. Tanker Off Virginia Coast WASHINGTON*, Aug. 5.?German submarines now are operating at two widely separated points along the At? lantic seaboard- one in the important sea lane off the Virginia coast, where the American tank steamship 0. B. Jennings was sunk Sunday, and the other in Canadian waters, where fish? ing smacks and other unimportant craft have been destroyed. Presence of another raider in the waters off the middle Atlantic coast, where in May and June upward of twenty vessels were sunk, became known to-day, when the Navy Depart? ment announced the sinl-ing of the Jennings and the landing of thirty members of the crew at Norfolk by an American patrol boat. To-night the Navy Department an? nounced that the captain and thirteen more members of the crew had arrived safely at Norfolk. This accounts for all the vessel's complement. Shelled by U-Boat Full details of the sinking of the : Jennings were lacking to-night, but ! from the fact that the steamer sent a wireless message saying she was being i shelled and asking for assistance offi? cials assumed that the submarine opened tire wilthout giving the crew \ time to take to the boats, though there was the possibility that the steamer had undertaken to make a run for safety. Patrol boats answered the radio calls, but neither the Jennings nor the submarine was in sight when they ar? rived Sunday night at the position given by the steamer. Later survivors were found. The submarine which has been oper? ating for several days in Canadian wa? ters is believed by officials to have sowed the mines of foreign manufact? ure picked up off the coast of Long Island after the armored cruiser San Diego was sunk near Fire Island, New York, July 19. Cruiser Sunk by Mine Belief of officials that one of these ', mines caused the destruction of the cruiser was confirmed to-day by tho report of the naval court of inquiry, : which expressed the opinion that the I loss of the ship "was due to an exter ; nal explosion of a mine." The court found that the San Diego : was steering a proper course to mini i mize the submarine and mine clangers in those waters, with a careful watch maintained and the ship zigzagging at : a speed of iifteen knots. Loss of the ! vessel, with the death of six men, was , in no way due to any negligence, fail I ure to take proper precautions or in? efficiency of Captain H. H. Christy or 1 any of the ship's personnel, the report I says. This is the second appearance of the i 0. B. Jennings in the marine casualty news this year. On March 24 the j tanker collided off the British const | with the British steamship War Knight, also oil laden, and thirty-seven lives ; were lost. All but one were burned to death on the decks of the War Knight,; set afire by the collision, and one of i the Jennings's crew was drowned. The Jennings, a menace to shipping! with its cargo of oil afire, was shelled by British warships until her decks were awash, extinguishing the fire. The ship then was towed into shallow water and salvaged by wrecking tugs in the service of the United States forces abroad. Temporary repairs were made, and she was on her way to a United States shipyard when sunk. The value of the ship is said to have been more than $1,000,000. Passengers on an Italian steamship which arrived at an Atlantic port Sun? day night reported that the wireless operator had received messages shortly after noon of that day from an Ameri? can freighter saying that she was being attacked by guntiro from a submarine. It wan said that the battling freighter was then about 110 miles southeast of Scotland Lightship. No Relief in Sight From Intense Heat WASHINGTON, Aug. 6. Relief is not in sight from uny quarter from theat wave which has overspread the entire country east of the Rocky Moun? tains, bringing record high tempera? tures to-day to the Middle, West at the Weather Bureau, it wuh said to-nigh*. The heated are? to-morrow will over? spread the <'aKt<'rn and middle Atlantic ?tatet, cnuiiing ?till higher tempera? ture? than those recorded to-day. Kvansville, Ind., with an official tem? perature of 104, wan the hottest placo east of tke Mississippi to-day. Registration of New Draft Sept. 5 Urged Crowder A. ?es Congress to Speed Maji-Power Bill to 1'assage 1918 Class Depleted By Former Demands Senate Leaders Agree to Wait Final Action Until Full Discussion Is Had WASHINGTON', Aug. 5.?With an urgent recommendation from Provost Marshal General Crowder that it bt cnacted without delay and a sugges? tion that September 5 next might be fixed as registration day for approxi? mately 13,000,000 men throughout the country who are involved, the Ad? ministration's man power bill requir? ing the registration for military ser? vice of men between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, years was in? troduced to-day in the Senate and House. Unless immediate steps are taken to provide additional men, General Crowder said the weekly registration of men as they attain twenty-one years of age will be necessary to fill the draft quotas after September 1, when only 100,000 of the 1918 registrants will be available. Senate to Rush Bill Upon the introduction of the bill. Chairman Chamberlain announced that the Senate Military Committee would meet to-morrow to consider the bill. He said he did not think hearings would be necessary and only three or four day* should be required to report the bill. Chairman Dent of the House committee said since only three mem? bers of hia committee are in Washing? ton, it vas doubtful whether the bill could be acted upon before the House reconvenes, on August 19. Suggestions made on the Senate floor by Senator Curtis, of Kansas, that the Senate abandon its programme of recesses and perfunctory sessions until August 24, if the bill can be favorably reported by the committee within a few days, were indorsed by Continued on last page Kaiser Now Poses as World's Liberator! AMSTERDAM, Aug. f..?The "Nord deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung" says ( that the German Emperor, on receiv- | ing a Finnish deputation which Con- j f?rred on him the Finnish Liberty j Cross, expressed the hope that the j present alliance of the Finns and Germans would lay the foundation for a trustful and cordial relation? ship between "two progressive peo- | pies struggling for their freedom." Declaring that Germany's world i struggle had the effect of helping other peoples to hurst their bonds and obtain freedom, the Emperor said: "By our deeds we succeeded, with? out much tall'ing, in accomplishing ! what our enemies never tire of pro- ' claiming as their aim, but which they , never intended to realize namely, the protection of small nations in their struggle for freedom." U. S. Forces Are Landed At Archangel Allied Detachments Are Received in City With Rejoicing KANPALASKA, Aug. 4.?American troops participated in the landing of the Allied forces at Archangel last week. The first detachment of the interna? tional forces included members of the Russian Officers' League. The participation of the Americans in the Ian ling has been greeted en? thusiastically in Northern Russia. The people consider that the United States is absolutely without selfish in? terests as regards Russia and look upon the Americans as a guarantee of the friendliness of the Allies. The population of Archangel re? ceived the troops with cheering. The men debarked and advanced toward Archangel, where already an anti Bolshevik revolution had taken place. ' The leaders in this movement invited ?the protection of the Allied troops. The final resistance of the Bol : shoviki occurred Saturday. They were definitely defeated at the station of Ysakagorka, on the left bank of the i Dvina. In their flight from Archangel the ; Bolshevik forces carried away forty i million rubles in money and much other treasure, hut left many supplies behind them. The bridges and rail ? way lines were not damaged. U-Boat Sinks Hospital Ship; 123 Missing British Transport Warilda, With 400 Wounded, Is Torpedoed in Channel 650 Survivors Land; 7 Americans Aboard Explosion and Smashing of Boats Kill Many; Vessel Floats Two Hours LONDON, Aug. 5.?The British am? bulance transport Warilda, bringing wounded n.en from France to England, was torpedoed and sunk off the Brit? ish coast Saturday morning, the Ad? miralty announced this evening. One hundred and twenty-three per? sons are missing. Most of the loss was caused when the explosion of the torpedo wrecked the ward room, which contained too wounded men. Many were, killed outright and others were trapped by debris and drowned when the vessel sank. The missing are as follows: Two military officers, a commandant in Qm?m Mary's Auxiliary Corps, one American soldier, Corporal Buckman; seven of the crew and 112 others. Hit Near Home Port The ship was nearing a home port when the torpedo struck her. About 100 wounded have been landed at a British port, coming ashore in what clrthing they could reach when awak? ened by the explosion. About 400 patients were on board the vessel. One hundred have landed at, one port, where they were cared for by British organizations and the American Red Cross. Two American officers and five pri? vates were en board. Both the offi? cers are officially reported as saved. They were Captain .1. T. Realty and Lieutenant H, T. Hubert. Afloat Over Two Hours After being torpedoed the ship re? mained afloat for two hours and a quarter. Five boats were launched im Continned on next page THE KAISER IS ADVERTISING FOR A NEW NATIONAL" ANTHEM U. S. Experts Predict Foch Drive On AU Fronts Before Winter (Special Dispatch in The Tribune) WASHINGTON, Aug. 5.?Allied military experts expressed the belief to-day that possibly before next winter General Koch would order a general offensive by all the Allied armies, from Sal?nica to the English Channel. Before winter, it was believed, the Allies, if they did not then possess a preponderance of men, would have a preponderance of material, and be in a position on every front to strike a determined and irresistible blow. On the Italian and Balkan fronts, it was explained, the Allied armies have not been able to undertake general offensive operations in conjunction with General Foch's counter thrust in France, owing to shortage of various kinds, but these defects are being rapidly remedied. The contributions of the United States to the man power of the Allies, it was declared, were such as soon to create a decisive nu? merical superiority on the Western front. Military experts asserted that it should be expected that Germany would make fresh efforts toward optaining a negotiated peace, and that in the very near future there would be emanations from Berlin showing the desire of the imperial government to come to an agree? ment with the Entente governments. Allies Push Relentlessly After Enemy Ludendorff Still Retreats in Effort to Avoid a Decisive Combat By Arthur S. Draper (Special Cable to The Tribune) 'C-.pyrlght.. 1318, by Tho Tribuno Association) LONDON, > Aug. 5.- Because of the! need of caution and the difficulty of ! bringing forward their artillery, the , Allies are advancing slowly between Soissons and Rheims. ; The Allies hold the whole line of the Vesle, and between Fismes and Rheims they have gone some distance beyond the. river at certain points. 1 From the heights south of the Aisne the German guns are shelling all the roads and towns aiong the Vesle, show ing that the line of the Aisne is where [ the Crown Prince intends to make his stand. It is essential to keep in mind the j fact that Ludendorff is directing his campaign with the object of conser? ving his strength, and that he delib- i erately abandoned positions of consid? erable tactical value, because he wants to save soldiers and shorten his lines. ; The retirement to the Aisne, the withdrawal on the Avre and the re- ! adjustment on the Ancre all point to I the same thing. By shortening his line ' and strengthening his defences, Luden? dorff hopes to counterbalance his loss j on the Marne and have his army rela tively as strong as the one he com mafided July 15. Ludendorff refused to accept the ' Marne as a field for a decisive battle. He refused to fight on the ground se? lected by Foch. He followed the old adage about the boy who fights and runs away. It is likely that Ludendorff has or- | acred further withdrawals south and j east of Amiens and thnt considerable ; further readjustment.-, of the line will be made. Unquestionably a shortage ! of man power is a fundamental reason '< for these withdrawals, hut it is ;;lso ; likely that they presage an enemy of- ? fensive operation on a more or less , big scale. Ludendorff must play for a spectacu? lar coup, an operation requiring a large element of surprise and yielding speedy ' results. There is always a natural ten- ! dency to underrate the enemy's strength ! and to exaggerate his losses, and the developments of the last fortnight are calculated to give a false impression of the seneral situation. \\ ithout doubt the odds have grown sharply in favor of the Allies, but Lu? dendorff is far from the end of his , rope. If he fails to spring an offensive operation in the next six weeks it will be time then to consider the enemy as merely a defensive force. North of Montdidier Ludendorff has been prepared to strike for over a month, and the blow would have come before this if the Crown Prince hadn't failed on the Marne. Ludendorff needs success in the worst way, and he cannot afford to sit tight, because time is his enemy, not his friend. Germany Reported to Have Planned Gigantic Drive for Next Month Hindenburg "Grand Offen? sive" in West "To Be Opened at Three Points" By George F. Steward (Special Cablr to The Tribune) Copyright, 19IS, by The Tri'-une Association. AMSTERDAM, Aug. 5. An offen? sive on the most gigantic scale of the year has been planned by Luden dorff and Hindenburp-, to be launched next month, according to information reaching here from German source?. That Germany believes September is the latest possible month in which it can hop<i to fore-; a decision be? fore th; constantly increasing stream of American forces from overseas becomes preponderant is the state? ment from Teutonic sources close to tlip General Staff. This report, widely credited here, goes on to state that the "grand of? fensive" will be opened simultane? ously at three widely separated points. The first is to be in Cham? pagne, the ne.\t further to the north in an effort to force the road to the Channel and the third in the Veraun region, with Paris again as the prob? able objective. Enemy Falls Back North Of La Bassee Third Voluntary Defensive Withdrawal Is on Half Mile Front LONDON', Aur. 5. The Germans to? day made a third defensive withdrawal from a sector where there was no im? mediate Allied pressure. Following their voluntary retirements northeast and . southeast of Amiens, they fell back from their front lines on a half mile front north of La Bassee Canal, on the south wing of the Lys Valley salient. The British pu-hed forward, occupy? ing the enemy's old position.- and con? solidating their line. After their evacuations of the west. bank of the Ancre, south of Albert, the Germans destroyed the bridges over the river, holding only their crossing at Albert, which they have succeeded in defending. The enemy also destroyed his bridges on the Avre, northwest of Montdidier, after his retirement there. Reuter's correspondent at French headquarters telegraphed his afternoon: "On the Avre River, in the Mont? didier section, the French have occu? pied the whole of the line of wooded hills overlooking the steep river valley from Braches to Mesnil-St. Georges. It is reported that there is fighting in Hargicourt, on the left bank of the river, where the Germans hold the rail? road station. The enemy is still in Morisel." Observers believe that the enemy's voluntary retirements in the West in? dicate a decision to fall back on the defensive and to give up all intention of launching another drive at this time in these sectors. Montdidier?Amiens Road and Avre Hills Occupied by French (By The Associated Press) WITH THF FRENCH ARMY IN FRANCE, Sunday, Aug. 4. French troops have reached the railroad line between Montdidier and Amiens over virtually its entire length. They oc? cupy all the hills dominating the val? ley of the Avre. The towns of Merisel and Moreuil, on opposite sides of the Avre, about ten miles north of Montdidier, are still in the hands of the Germans. During the retirement of the enemy from the hills on the west bank of the Avre a few prisoners were captured by the French. On the front before Rheims French artillery fire caught a body of Ger? mans who had congregated near St. Thierry, about four miles north of the city. The tire of the heavy French guns quickly dispersed the enemy. Berlin in Despair Over Marne Defeat ( By The United h're*?\ BERNE, Aug. 5. "The Marne de? feat has produced unspeakable scenes of despair in Berlin," the "Tage? blatt" declares. "Such outbreaks of utter discouragement and downheart- j edness never before were witnessed." The -Fr?nkische Tagepost" de? plores the wild rumors that the Kaiser and von Hindenburg have been assassinated, and that von Hin? denburg was killed in a duel with the Crown Prince, as betraying the most dangerous nervousness. The govern? ment threatens severe penalties for the ones responsible for spreading these rumors. Enemy Airships Raid English East Coast LONDON, Aug. 6.?Hostile airships approached the east coast of England about 9:30 o'clock Monday night, '.he Admiralty announced early this morn? ing. The enemy aircraft did not pene? trate far inland. Advice to iho.ip who ?am lo *??'.! th'ir LIBERTY BONDS?Don't. Advice to IhoBi ? ho must sell?Go to John Muir & Co., til B way.?Ativt. Duel of Big Guns Raging Over Nearly Entire Line Germans Mass Artil? lery and Battle Stub? bornly to Cover Retreat Play for Time To Reach Aisne Sanguinary Rearguard Struggle Waged to Keep Avenue of Escape Open The Allied armies yesterday con? tinued their attacks against the enemy's bolstered defences north of the Vesle River, throwing new forces across at several points be? tween Soissons and Rheims to meet the enemy's growing resist? ance. Heavy fighting took place at many points along the line, the Ger? mans struggling desperately to hold Foch's victorious armies and to prevent further advances at critical points. The Germans have again brought their heavy artillery into action, and the big gun duel was espe? cially strong, General Pershing reported. The enemy seems to he fighting a delaying action to win time for a withdrawal to the line of the Aisne River. Despite this resistance, the Allied forces made new advances on both sides of Fismes. Near the tip of the Lys salient, in Flanders, the Germans fell hack along a half-mile front near Ro becq, north of La Bass?e Ca? nal, closely pursued by British troops, which occupied the ene? my's evacuated lines. This is the third defensive retire? ment by the enemy in as many days, and seems to indicate that Ludendorff has abandoned any plan he may have had for an im? m?diat" offensive in Flanders or Picardy. Advance Along Vesle Slows Down Until Guns Are Moved LONDON, Aug. 6. The correspon? dent of Reuter's at American Head' quarters in France, in a dispatch timed 1 o'clock Monday afternoon, gays: "The rapid advance of the last two days has become slower and steadier, not only owing to the fresh show of enemy resistance, but from the neces? sity of getting the implements of bat? tle again into their proper place?. The German retirement throughout has been conducted with the greatest skill, and not a single man or gun has been used to delay our advance that was not absolutely necessary for the pur? pose. "consequently only a very small force of the enemy was left facing us when the final order came to them to withdraw to the Vesle, and this force, with a few hours' start, had no diffi? culty in eluding us. Indeed, it had no more trouble than to keep our cavalry patrols at a distance. "The Americans were just a? keen at chasing the enemy as they were at fighting, but the cavalry screen of the old days, which was used as a guard agairift surprise, was absent, and the infantry, which has to rely on its own precautions, always must go some? what slowly. Rains Delay Transport "Also, the roads w?-re bad, and ar? becoming worse. The heavy raim storm.- of the last week fell while thi German retreat was in progress, and the guns and the lorries have churnef these limestone hills until they art nearly impassable. Moreover. th< French roads, thickly bordered bi trees that often are of great size, ar? very easily dislocated by shell fire. "Only those who have tried with makeshifts to clear such an incum brance as a fallen tree can have any conception of the delay involved. On? French column had its 'ponies' in readiness, but in other instances the infantry had to fall to and hack away with anything at hand to clear thi road. "Notwithstanding all the difficulties, the enemy nowhere managed to get sit far away as to feel free from tnkine precautions. However, we continued to see only a dwindling proportion off hia rearguard, which, as far as was ob