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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE ?S GUARANTEED WEATHER Thunder showers and not ato warm to? day; to-morrow fair, with moderate temperature: light west winds. Full Bcport on Page 4 First to Last?the Truth: News - Editorials - Advertisements VoT'LXXVin No. 26,108 rCopj-riiht 1918? The Tribune Ass'n] THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1918 * # * TWO CENTS 1 la Gi-mter New Tork and I within ro mm o Unie distance THIiEE CENT? ia-M-whei-e Allies Cross Vesle on New 5-Mile Front; U. S. to Haue Army of 5,000,000 by June; Seas Clear, Foe Losing, Says Lloyd George 2,500,000 in France Before Next Summer General March Tells Sena? tors 250,000 Monthly Will Go Overseas Appeals of Allies Caused Draft Change passage of Bill Asked as Soon as Congress Ends Its Vacation By Carter Field WASHINGTON, Aug. 7.?The United States agreed with its allies late in July to raise the American army to 5,000,000 men by next June and to maintain shipments to France of 250, OOO men a month at least until cold neither, so as to have not less than ?y>00,000 men in France by spring, Gen ?ral March, chief of staff, revealed to th? Senate Military Affairs Committee to-day. This plan almost certainly will have Congress's approval. The plans disclosed in connection with the agreement are taken here to mean General Foch will strike the tnemynext summer with a superiority of men which should be overwhelming. The agreement was reached after itrong appeals had been made by the Allie? for more troops from this coun? try. Senators on the Militari' Com? mittee inferred that the Allies had been alarmed by the postponement of con? sideration of a change in the draft ages which occurred after Secretary of War Baker said in June there was no necessity at that time of extending the ages. General March explained about the agreement with the Allies in response to a question as to why the War De? partment had changed front in such a ?h?rt time on the necessity of extend? ing the draft ages. Would End War Quickly The chief of staff pointed out, how? ever, that the army of rive million men *J next June idea was vocated by lae Allies and accepted Dy this gov? ernment not so much as an absolutely wcessary presaution to guard against Bother disaster to the Entente, as an '"Jaranee of winning the war in the ??ortest possible time. The general made it clear that he he? aved the war should be fought and | *<m on the Western front. He made ?his point on questions by Senators as <?> the strength of the expedition to ? Eo?iia, and other possible fronts. He admitted that the last man would ?*W been taken from Class 1 of the Present draft by October 15, even in? cluding the men brought in under the treaties regarding the drafting of Brit ???> and Canadian citizens and the re ?Ittiification ci the registered men *nder the questionnaire. The general sai., it was not the inten *? of the War Department to draft ?ihteen-year-old boys at once. They *?cld be taken a little later, he said, ?t meantime, by having them regis '??ed ?tmTclassified, they would be in ??diness when needed. A* to the necessity of haste, he said 5* did not think it imperative that ***&?*. should reassemble before the ?d of the recess, bu. he did .think it =??isary that the new draft bill should ? Passed immediately after Congress "turns to work. Favors Including Navy The general expressed a personal ap '??vai, wnicr. he made clear was only ''own view and not that of the de Ku *? fr-"- the proposal of Senator ?Qsworth, a? outlined in The Tribune *<? morning, for obtaining men for th? d*7' &? WtU a* the army lhrou^h fen-T"^1 S*nator? sprang to the de Nati? v ' War Department at the orr.??.i!n nm teKtimony when questions lie? * ?Ut th8t the ai'i"1*1 of the Al? io ??0r mor* rr,f'ri from America came ?r.ortly after Secretary Baker's ..c ?"' Postponing ,; e extension of the N!?"*t<,r R?d ?aid that the War De lst7e"'- *?? not to blarnc for provid ?a? a ?much smaller army than is now! ^?fitemplatjon when the original St tn Wa" ?'a??K,"?' *or the reaaon '?!W,t\W ** time the Kushian? had Itali. j "'''^"m in the field and the J?n d?banle had j.ot occurred. QttZx. *"e Italian defeat occurred in wtrv'r 'l'17' &r"i by Chrittma?, 1917, ??(!,, il""ii ""x" knev/ that Russia ft:lt ,u' ''1 the v/ar ?certainly the rep? ina ''^?'?'"?n in Washington of our ai >ail W '*?" hr"** in another Senator, **k f,* V1* V/itr Depgrtinent did not m^ 'r fegiilatlon which v/il! put more tar' ,}P 'he American army to rnak?- up Uv*\ ,0?*?- ""til Augunt :,, 1918.'' .at .il Senator? agreed with thin, *?t iL rns"1" 't dear to General March *Hi*i J d"i not '"dude him In their ?at i1!"1" "f *'<"">??* and delay in the "* Ityartmeat. General Graves CommandsU.S. iberian Forces Troops Now in Philippines To Be Nucleus of First Contingent WASHINGTON', Aug. 7.?First de? tails of American military aid to be sent to Siberia for the protection of the rear of the Czecho-Slovak forces in their movement westward against the Germans, Austrians and hostile Russians were made public to-day with the announcement by General March, chief-of-staff, that Major General Will? iam S. Graves will command the Amer? ican forces, the nucleus of which will be two regiments of regulars from the Philippines. No Commander in Chief Named In announcing the selection of Gen? eral Graves to command the American forces, General March took occasion to state that so far as he knew no commander in chief for the whole ex? pedition had yet been designated. He recalled the fact that this could only be done by international agreement, such as was found to be necessary to concentrate the supreme command of all the Entente and American troops j in Europe in the hands of Marshal I Foch. From other sources it was learned ! that negotiations are now under way to this end and that the chief of staff of the Japanese army, General B*?ron Uyenara, has been suggested and his name is now under consideration. General March said that the sailing of the expedition or of General Graves will not be announced, but that upon arrival of the forces the news will be made public. It was not stated whether an announcement of the size of the American contingent may be ex? pected. The Japanese force, in conjunction with the Chinese, who will act under Japanese direction, probably will be more numerous; in fact Japan is pre? paring to send into Siberia any num? ber of troops necessary to carry out the declared purpose to give effective aid to the Czecho-Slovaks. Revolt Develops Rapidly 1 Rapid development of the revolt in ? the northern provinces of Russia ; against the Bolshevik rule is noted 1 with keen interest by officials here. < Though not necessarily bound by the \ solemn pledge of the American gov ' ernment, as set out in Acting Secre | tary Polk's statement iast Saturday, to ' refrain from any kind of intervention | in the political affairs of Russia, the j British and French military com I manders of the comparatively small i forces operating in that section of j Russia appear to have confined their ; activities to military and naval move 1 ments. ! So far no American troops have been ? landed at Kandalaska. Some American 1 marines and bluejackets have been ! seen at Kola, on the Murmansk coast, ' and Ambassador Francis has been mak | ing his? headquarters temporarily aboard on?? of th'..* American warships i at .Murmansk; but so far American i forces have not. done more than assist ?in guarding the military stores in that vicinity and certainly have not inter ? fered in the struggle that has been ; going on between the anti-German ele , ments and the Bolshcviki in that quar? ter, resulting in the expulsion of the i latter. S Other nev;s concerning the situa ! tion in Russia will be found on page : six. -,?_? British Ship Losses In July Drop, While Building Increases _ ?Construction by Allies for 3 Months 296,696 Tons Greater Than Sinkings LONDON, Aug. 7. The losses of I British merchant shipping in July were ! lower than during June, Sir Leo G. I Chiozza Money, Parliamentary Sccre I tary to the Ministry of Shipping, an i nounced in the House of Commons to i day. The Secretary of the Admiralty, in ? announcing the amount of merchant ' ships constructed for the three months I ending June 30, says the output of ! the United Kingdom and Allied and i neutral countries exceeded the losses ! from all causes by "?00,69*5 ??ross tons. The total output was 1,243,274 tons, J as against 870..H7 tons for th?i first ! quarter of the year. Durling July the United Kingdom constructed 141,84? tons, as compared with June's 134,159 tons, which, com? pared with July of 1916 arid 1817, shown an increase of 174 per cent and 71 per cent, respectively. For the yen* ending July ill the output was 1,480, 026, compared with 1)6T*, 147 ton? for the same period of the previous year. The Secretary of the Admiralty say. the influenza epidemic ha?l a transient but marked effect on shipbuilding, a? I it caused the absence of from .'if, to DO j per cent of ?the employe? of the yards. Shelling of Pari? Continues I PARIS, Aug. 7. The long range shelling of the region of Paris was resumed to-day. Hottest Day In City History Kills Only 9 Temperature of 102 at 4 o'CIock Highest in History of Weather Bureau Thunderstorms May Bring Relief To-day I Business and Industry Gen? erally Suspended to Save Lives of the Workers New York's hottest wave of the year I leaped over all previous records in the history of the city yesteraay and at 4 o'clock in the afternoon the thermom? eter of the United States Weather Bu? reau in a shady recess on top of the Whitehall Building registered 102 de? grees. The previous high record dates back as far as September 7, 1881. when the government thermometer showed 100 in the shade. The city has sweltered under many a hot spell since, but all of them sink into comparative insig? nificance after yesterday's assault of heat and humidity. The attainment of yesterday's mark on the thermometer gave New York the unenviable distinction of smashing two Weather Bureau records in the course of a single year. The coldest day was recorded last winter, when the mercury fell to 14 degrees below zero. The ex? treme range was 116 degrees. The toll of the day was eight dead and more than 100 overcome. In addition many were drowned, more or less as a result of the weather, for the heat sent thousands to the beaches to seek refuge in the Atlantic and the Sound. Nine Die from Heat The dead are: James Marahan, forty years old, 206 West Eightieth Street, was prostrated and died later at Flower Hospital. Unidentified man on Manhattan I Bridge; shouted to passers-by that he I could not stand the heat; climbed the jrail and jumped into Last River. Herman Doleman, 530 West 178th Continued o?i last page ax on Salary Of President Is Proposed House Committee Also Would Assess Incomes of All Public Officials By Theodore M. Knappen WASHINGTON, Aug. 7.?In its deter? mination to make the burden of taxa? tion universal, the Ways and Means Committee to-day upset one constitu tional interpretation of fifty years' , standing and another of seventy-five. i It decided to make the President of the United States and the judges of the Supreme and other United States courts subject to the income tax. Also it made all public officials of any , political subdivisions, whatsoever sov? ereign state or non-sovereign village, subject to the same tax. Still defying tradition and court, decisions, it voted to include the yields of new state, county and municipal bonds hereafter issued in the taxable income totals. It will now legally cost President I Wilson about $24,000 in taxes to hold his office. It is said, however, that the : President has not taken advantage of the constitutional interpretation that 1 protects him and has been making re? turns on his full personal salary. The Constitution provides that the salary of the President shall not be increased or diminished during the term of the incumbent. It also pro? vides that the salarier, of justice of the Supreme Court shall not De diminished during their continuation in office. About fifty years ago some official ruled that the imposition of a tax was a reduction of compensation. The Ways and Means Committee does not think that the courts will sustain this opinion. Some seventy-five years ago the Su? preme Court laid do?,vn the rule that ' the state and Federal governments I could not tax the activities or func? tions of each other. Under this rule I it has been held that the Fcu?ral gov , crnment could not tax the salaries of ! state or local officials or of the secu rities of political subdivisions. At that time, too, there was a practical difficulty in the way of such taxation, i because then all direct Federal taxa tion had to be apportioned among the , states according to population. I Amendments of the Constitution in j regard to direct, taxation provided that ! it could be without apportionment. The committee has now decided to ; take a chance on getting a new inter i pretation from the courts because of ! the abolition of apportionment. For additional details of tax pro j posais see page nine. 150 U-Boats Sunk; Premier Telis Commons Danger Not Past, However, British Cabinet Head Says in Summary America's Forces To Equal Kaiser's i Unity of Allied Command Called Factor in Defeat of the Germans I LONDON, Aug. 7.?David Lloyd 1 George, the British Prime Minister ? to-day in a speech before the House , of Commons reviewing the war situa ? tion referred particularly to what. ha( been accomplished in the recent drivi I by the Alliotl forces on the Soissor.s Rheims salient, to the destruction o . German submarines, of which ICO ha? been accounted for since the war be gan- more than half of these in th : last year and the part the American now were playing and would pla later in the fight for the cause of de mocracy. "He would be a sanguine man o the German General Staff who woul now predict that Germany could ot tain a military decision this year," th ; Premier declared, as he characterize ! Marshal Foch's counter offensive t | "the most brilliant in the annals of th j war." War Parties Block Peace Reverting to peace. Mr. Lloyd Georj ; said the people who had made the w? ' still were in evidence, and that the could have no peace so long as the : were predominant in the councils < the enemy. i Mr. Lloyd George spoke of the pa ? the British navy had played in the wa ! and said that until all the Allies we: defeated at sea Germany could nevi triumph. When Great Britain decided to thro ; her whole weight into the war fo: '?? years ago, he continued, she did Continued on page three JUST WAIT TILL HE REALLY CATCHES HIM Lloyd George and Gen. Mangln Pay Tributes to U. S. Skill In Battle tBy The Associated Prcas) LONDON, Aug. ".?Premier Lloyd George addressing the House of Commons to-day, said: "Everybody knows how gallantly the Americans fought. They fought with a trained skill which no one had a right to expect. Their officers showed a skilled knowledge in the management of the men under trying conditions which one could hardly expect from men who had not had a year's experience in war." WITH THE FRENCH ARMY IN FRANCE, Aug. 7.?General Man gin, who tuas in direct command of the Allied forces in the drii<e against the German right flank south of Soissons, lias issued the .following order of the day: Officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers of the Third ?Ameri? can Army Corps: "Shoulder to shoulder with your French comrades you threw yourselves into the counter offensive began on July 18. You ran to it like going to a feast. Your magnificent dash upset and surprised the enemy, and your indomitable tenacity stopped counter attacks by his fresh divisions. You have shown yourselves to be worthy sons of your great country and have gained the admiration of your broth? ers in arms. "Ninety-one cannon, 7,200 prisoners, immense booty and ten kilo? metres of reconquered territory are your share of the trophies of this victory. Besides this, you have acquired a feeling of your superiority over the barbarian enemy, against whom the children of liberty are fighting. To attack him is to vanquish him. "American comrades, I am grateful to you for the blood you gen? erously spilled on the soil of my country. I am proud of having com? manded you during such splendid days and to have fought with you for the deliverance of the world." Real Stand ! Made by Foe Behind Aisne _ Trap Obviously Set by Crown Prince Detected by Franco-Americans By Wilbur Forrest tliy Cable to The Tribune t (Copyright, 1918. by The Tribuno Assootatirm) WITH THE AMERICAN FORCES IN THE FIELD, Aug. 7.?The Ger? mans are making their real stand behind the River Aisne, leaving a comparatively narrow strip between the Vesle and the Aisne as a sort of artillery-swept No Man's Land, in which outposts and machine guns only are being maintained. This ! No Man's Land stretches from the confluence of the two rivers east of , Soissons to the Laon-Rheims na? tional highway, northwest of the lat i ter city, thus being about twenty two miles long and variously from I five to seven miles wide. '. This deduction is now possible l ; because of the entry into action of ; the enemy's long range heavy artil \ lery, which is safely mounted be ! hind the Aisne and protected from i further swift Allied advance by both : the Vesle and the Aisne. Dominated by Hills The first line of the enemy's ma ' chine gun positions is almost on the north bank of the Vesle, with light : artillery presumably mounted far be ? hind, within easy range of the hills ' on the south bank of the Vesle, held by Franco-Americans. Therefore, ! with two rivers and the organized No Man's Land, with a line of ma ; chine guns backed by lines of both ? light and heavy artillery and all this '. backed by the famous stronghold 1 known as the Chemin des Dames, i the Crown Prince evidently believes he has finally reached a position which allows his much harrassed forces to take breath with some de? gree of comfort. While this entire region is dom? inated geographically by the Chemin des Dames ridge, this Aisne-Vesle No Man's Land is again dominated | by the hills north of the Aisne, giv ! ing the enemy all the advantages of a picked battleground on which 1 he would probably like to see the Allies advance in force. It is obvious that the Franco Americans are not going to fall into ; the Crown Prince's trap. Villages in Flames American forces along the Vesle ! Tuesday and Wednesday encoun? tered heavy fire from the German light artillery, and the enemy's : larger guns began to drop shells into areas far south of the river. The Germans concentrated fire at times Continued o? next page Allies Rush Big Guns for New Attack German Stand on the Vesle Believed To Be Delay ing Operation By Arthur S. Draper (Special Cable to Th.e Tribune) 'Cor?rlght. 1918, l?v The Tribune A-vwiaU-vi) ! LONDON, Aug. 7. - Along the Vesle Allied and German troops are locked , in a stubborn tussle. The enemy is ; making furious efforts to dislodge the ? forces which are on the northern banks of the river. Less progress has been | recoided in the last twenty-four hours I than in any day in the last fortnight. Ludendorff's army now enjoys cer ; tain tactical advantages, largely of a : local character, which are being used I to check Foch's advance. The stiffen , ing resistance causes no suprise, as' military leaders anticipated a slowing ! down of the advance as soon as the ! Crown Prince reached the Vesle heights. American and Ff^nch artillery are going forward as fast as guns can be drawn over the muddy, shelltorn roads. ! The artillery superiority which the Crown Prince's army enjoys at the present moment will not last long, and already it is reported that the duel is increasing in violence. No doubt re ; mains that the stand the enemy is mak ! ing at the present line will be of short duration, and that it Is intended largely as a delaying operation, with the sec ? ondary objective of weakening the Al? lied forces. Line Is Almost Straight Several days must elapse before any considerable change of position can l take place. Foch has nothing to gain 1 by heavy attacks on the enemy's strong '. positions, as the possibility of a Ger ; man rout has long since passed. Re? adjustments of the enemy's lines con l tinue and there is much speculation as to his ultimate designs. The sinking of an ambulance ship in ? the Channel and the Zeppelin attempt off the east coast of England at night are taken to be forerunners of a Ger? man offensive in the North. What is ' more likely is that the German leaders 1 are anxious to show the people that they are active in every direction. Ger 1 man military writers have been hard put to it to explain the withdrawal j from the Marne and must find argu? ments to bolster up the German staff Here is a sample by Major Schrei bershofen in the "Hamburger Nach ? richten": "1 "In the present fighting enemy losses are by far greater than ours. The newly used American divisions suf fered heavily. This will make them recognize the difficulty of the task they have taken upon themselves and they will feel in their own bodies the war which their President has brought . upon them. By the heavy losses which were inflicted upon the United States troops the danger which may arise from the intervention of America on j the French front will be considerably : lessened. ? "At the very beginning of the Gei man offensive it was pointed out that it would not be a single victorious at? tack which would bring about the over? throw of the enemy at one sweep, but a series of actions wh?cn would supple? ment one another. At the moment wben French warfare ceased, and, by ? our victorious advance, we returned to open fighting, we were no longer bound Continued on page three Foch's Troops Make Striking Advances on Five Sectors Americans Battle in Water and Mud Up to Necks and Hold Gains British Smash Germans on Lys Successes Show Allies Maintain Superiority Over Enemy All Along Line Striking advances were made yes? terday by the Allies on live sec? tors?two on the Soissons-Rheim? battlefield and three on the front further north. In a rain storm Tuesday night and early yesterday morning French and American troops crossed the Vesle River on a five-mile front from Fismes to west of Bazochcs. Some used bridges left by the Germans and others plunged through water and mud up to their necks. Despite the darkness and rain of German shell?, the Allies seized the ground in the big bend of the river on this sector and held it against two strong counter at? tacks, while the engineers per? formed feats of valor in building new bridges behind the advance forces. North of Rheims the French ad? vanced a quarter of a mile on a two-mile front between the rail? ways to Laon and Rethel. This is a serious threat to the German left flank north of the Vesle. Marsha! Haig announced last, night that the British had driven for? ward on a five-mile front between the Lawe and Clarence rivers to a depth of nearly two-thirds of a mile. The advance was on the southern side of the Lys salient, which had just been the scene of one of the German strategic re? treats. Further south the British recapt? ured practically all the trenches the Germans had taken astride the Bray-Corbie road, north of the Somme. Near the scene of another German voluntary withdrawal, the French advanced south of Framicourt and southeast of Mesnil-St. Georges, in the vicinity of Mont didier. The French also, on Tues? day, occupied the railway station of Ciry Salsogne, on the Vesle, between Soissons and Braisnes. Americans in Rain And Darkness Beat Foe Across Vesle ('iy The Aitsoctatcd Pr?s?) WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON THE AISNE-MARNE FRONT, Aug. 7. ?Under an inferno of shrapnel and machine sun lire and waves of tras the Americans forced their way over the Vesle River last night an-d early this morning, while rain varying at times from a drizzle to a downpour drenched '? the battlefield. French troops already have gained positions on the American left, and the joint movement has s*raightcn?d out the line from a point west of Bazoches to Fismes. .... The Germans loit consideraba in casualties and j^iso a few prisoners, whose stories tended to corroborate The expressed opinion of those preT? ously taken that the Germans expected ? to continue their retreat until the Aisne is reached. The attack began between 4 and 5 o'clock Tuesday afternoon. By mid nijrht those men on the right had reached their objectives, the main ? highway east and west extending along the foothills that rise north of the river and become a series of ter? races to the Aisne. l^ft Wing Delr.yed The left wing was delayed, but it also reached the line shortly before 8 o'clock this morning. The irtilleries on both sidee are still lighting duels over the captured pos . ttons, and this Germans al.so ha\e con ? tinned small arms resistance. Rut with every hour the positions of both the