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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements Wx?nau WEATHER Fair to-day and probably to-morrow; warmer to-morrow; diminish-_ ing east winds. roll Report en Paar It Vol IAXVm No. 26,201 rCopyrijrht 1918 ? The Tribun* As.'n] SUNDAY, AUGUST 11, 1918?SEVEN PARTS?FIFTY-EIGHT PAGES * * FIVE CENTS ?J? Foe Suffers His Worst Defeat of War; Allies Gain 6 Miles, 30,000 Captives; Montdidier Falls; Chaulnes Entered Our Men Run Miles to Join British Drive Spur North of Somme ?Captured When Tanks and Infantry Charge Foe Retreats After Desperate Defence Pershing's Boys, at End of Forced March, Arrive in Time to "Go Over Top" (3y The Associated Press) WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IN FRANCE, Aug. 10.?Chipil?y Spur, ; north of the Somme, was captured by i the American and British troops at 6 o'clock last night. The attack began j st 5 o'clock, when the Allies moved forward between the Ancre and the ' Somme. They were supported by tanks ?nd were preceded by a heavy barrage. The enemy was driven toward Bray, northeast of Chipil?y. The Americans and British have now ??ranced beyond their objectives north of the Somme. The whole of the Chi? pil?y Spar is now in their possession after fighting of tne mo3t desperate character. Th? casualties of the Americans were not more than was to be expected, con- , sidering the bitterness of the fighting. Americans Not To Be Denied Details of the brilliant battle which ; tht Americans and British fought for ] the spur are cow available. In order to go over the top at the appointed time yesterday afternoon the Ameri? cans were forced to make a rapid march, in the last part of which they ran so as to be in the fight. Harried on their way by the ad? vancing British, French and American troops on the Amiens-Somme battle? field, the Germans throughout the day retired all along the line, attempting to ?are whatever they could as the ?French launched a new attack on Mont didier. The elements of the German divisions became badly confused in their operations through tryin?? to hold up the Allies in their several attacks. It was a victorious day for the Allies,: ?ho smashed all the German resist-; snee. Tanks' Aid Not Needed In the American attack the German infantry held for a while and then "oke, and the Americans kept going,, at some places without the assistance of the tanks. The; ground, pitted with ! deep gullies, was unsuited for tank "arfare. There wore r.o tronche?, but a thin, !moke screen blowing across the ground indicated where the enemy's I Positions lay. At the same time the German artillery became active and dropped shells in the direction of the American troops which in?icted a few! iMaaltic?. The Americans, however, ?"*" on and reached the ?moke line just; ? '-t lifted. There they found them-1 ?swes at grips with the enemy. Meanwhile certain American units ca?j reached positions in front of a wood when the Germans opened fire *'-*-h machine guns. Many of these ttsnrj machine gunners earn*-; up from ? ?*ep dugouts after the American bar ?***ge had c^ar-c-d ami placed their guns *? Prepared pits. The Americans faced ? feail of bullet? here. Germans Make Firm Stand on Heights North of the Vesle <% Th? ?MMoeialtd Pn AMERICAN Ap.MY HEADQUARTERS W THE VESLE, Au*. 9. Whatever **7 be the ultimata intentions of the j ****na, th-y have methodically ! ??ought out th? problem of defending ' ia? height? north of the V?tsl?, and are ; rr'r'if,--j discoursging all effort? to ap ?foarh them. ? ne Gam ana doubtlessly encouraged ?j American?*, with the ?d'-a that j ??*es had h?en abandoned, because *h,m ?.he Americans entered the town **y r^n Bp ?gainst ? liberal supply ' '* ???Mn? ?fun ,.,' ?? But, as th?! ?"??ay discovered at Seicheprey feast Continued <v? pa?je three Crown Prince Blamed For Crushing Defeats LONDON, Aug. 10.?Reuter's Lim? ited correspondent with the British army in France sends the following dispatch concerning the German Crown Prince: "According to the statements of prisoners the German Crown Prince appears to be the most unpopular leader in the German army. He is accused by them of being directly responsible for the Marne disaster. They say that the opinion is widely expressed by German soldiers that the Crown Prince's amateurish inter? ference with the plans of their ex? perienced generals was the starting point for the present crushing mis? fortunes of the German armies." British Hold L?nine Envoy In Reprisal Police Guard Put Over M. Litvinoff Because of Arrests in Moscow LONDON, Aug. 10.?In reprisal for the arrest at Moscow of Robert H. B. Lockhart, British Consular Agent at Moscow, and other British officials by the Bolsheviki, M. Litvinoff, the Bolshevik emissary in London, has been placed under police supervision, "The Daily Mail" states. British government advices through Swedish channels say that the reason j given for the arrest of British Con- j suis at Moscow is that members of the Soviet government were said to have j been shot at Archangel. Tho British government has de manded the release of Mr. Lockhart. Much anxiety exists concerning other members of the British and French diplomatic missions, and there are ap- j prehensions that they may have been detained somewhere on the journey i northward. Bolsheviki Withhold Newa No direct news from Moscow is ob? tainable, because the Bolsheviki have cut off telegraphic communication. T.ockhart was sent to Moscow some time ago to maintain unofficial rela ?ions with the Bolsheviki. There have been no reports that any of those under arrest have been h ned. Lord Robert Cecil, Under Secretary i of State for Foreign Affairs, comment? ing on the situation, said: "If there was an organized govern? ment in Moscow of course it would mean war. But as there is no real government no immediate steps will I be taken affecting the Bolsheviki." A dispatch to Reuter's, Limited, from ! Vladivostok, under date of August 8, , says that the district zemstvo has handed an ultimatum to the consular ! corps, demanding the immediate expul- j sion of General Horvath, self-pro- ! claimed dictator of Siberia. The zemstvo threatens to suspend its func tions if this demand is not acceded to. Chinese Help in Victory General Semenoff, the anti-Bolshevik ! loader, with the help of Chinese artii- ? lery, has defeated the Russian Red : Guards on the Chinese frontier and dis persed them, according to a Moscow telegram to the Rhenish Wcstphalian I "Gazette,"' of Essen. The German newspapers to-day ad- [ mit that the situation in Russia is so , critical that a change of government ; may come any day, according to a Co- ! penhajjen dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph Company. The "Berlin Continued on page six The Constitution Of the Bolsheviki "A plan for consolidating pro- j auction in the hands of the work? ing masses, united in a gigantic association." The text of this extraordinary document will be found on Page 7. _______ i -~-: ? British Airmen Fly to Egypt From England LONDON, Aug. 10. Two Royal Air Force officers, with two mechanics, have completad a flight from England to Egypt, a distance of '?,000 miles, in | a type of airplane that has seen con nidernble service on the front. The official report, in announcing this feat, nays : "One or two halt.," were made for petrol, bat the flight wtu? merely a bit of routine woiV ? "OH, 'VER?, OH, VER?, ISS MEIN LEEDLE DOG GONE?'1 New York Boys Achieve Glory In Big Drive Gen. March Tells of Success of O'Ryan's 27th Division; "Rainbows" Praised (Special Dispatch to The Tribune) WASHINGTON, Aug. 10.-?The 27th New York National Guard Division, led by Major General O'Ryan, is operating with the British on the Flanders front, Chief of Staff March ahnounced to? day in his conference with newspaper correspondents. The London report saying American troops achieved a "considerable success between the Somme and the Ancre" is believed to have referred to the New York State guardsmen, who have been abroad suf? ficiently long to take their turn where the fighting is heaviest. High tribute also was paid by Gen? eral March to the Rainbow Division, which includes the lighting 69th, known now as the 165th Infantry Regi? ment. This division was credited with having put out of the lighting three Oerman divisions, including the crack Prussian Guards, taking prisoners, from six enemy division.; and driving the Germans back Bixteen kilometres in eight, days General March, while expressing greatest satisfaction with the Allied j successes and the part American i troops have taken in these victories,1 sounded a warning against overop- i timism. "Hit Harder:*' Says March "It is no time to talk about the war being over," he said. "It is the time to hit the enemy hard.'' Marshal Foch's driving tactics against, i the hard-pressed Germans was based. General March said, "on the perfectly, Hound principle thai, when you get nn enemy going you keep him going, never' give him a chance to recuperate or! think it over; keep on hitting him." "But," (?enera! Mardi said in hin| caution against over-optimism, "wo have not. yet. gotten hack to the origi? nal Hlndenburg line of defence, where the German begta bis advance a .year | Lloyd George Lauds Unity of Command LONDON, Aug. 10.?Speaking at a luncheon to-day at Newport, Mon? mouthshire, Premier Lloyd George emphasized the importance of the pushing back of the Germans from within gun range of the Amiens railway. "Hundreds of trains used to pass through Amiens daily," the Premier said, "but we were temporarily de? prived of its use until recently, when we were able to employ twenty trains i daily. "Amiens now is safe through the recent Allied triumphs on the Marne and the Somme, wtiich were due to i the unity of command. Those two great victories have resulted in the capture of between fifty thousand and sixty thousand prisoners and \ i between eight hundred and nine i hundred guns." '? ago. We still have some territory to ! i gain, so when statements appear in the j ' papers that indicate the war is over at ' this point, discourage it. This is the ; time for the greatest effort; keep the enemy running. That is the reason the. United States is being called upon 1 for increased man power, that is the ! reason we want the age limits of the ! draft botli lowered and raised to get more men. It is no time now to talk i about the war being over. It is the i time to hit him hard. The greatest i advantage of this whole thing has been I ! the change of the Allies from the de- j 1 fensive to the offensive, which is a great military asset. We have the enemy guessing now instead of guess- ; ing ourselves." In outlining the part taken by the i Rainbow Division, answering a request for a brief r?sum? of the principal ac tions in which the pioneer National1 Guard organization has participated, General March said: "The Rainbow Division had its com- ; bat training in the Lorraine sector, north of Luneville. It left that posi? tion to arrive east of Rheims, where on j July 15 it helped break the main Ger- : man attack. When the French-Ameri- ' can counter offensive was launched in ? the Marne salient, the division appeared there shortly In relief of other units. Our reports indicate the following: In eight days of battle the division has forced the passage of the Ourcq, taken prisoners from six enemy divisions,, met, routed, decimated a crack division ! Continued on page three Berlin Ascribes Defeats to Fog And Surprises i Germans Seek to Belittle Allied Victories and Berate British Army _ AMSTERDAM, Aug. 10.?The Anglo French successes are attributed to their surprise-attacks and the presence of a thick fog over the battlefield, accord? ing to a Berlin telegram received here quoting a semi-official German news agency. "Notwithstanding the exceedingly favorable ground for the movement of great masses of troops and the opera? tions of tanks, the initial success of the Anglo-French armies under Field Mar? shal Haig have not surpassed the limits which usually result from a first day's offensive," the agency declares. "A certain loss in guns and prisoners in such circumstances is unavoidable, but the enemy has not reached any of his strategic goals. His gain of ground is the less important because it comprises no consolidated system of defence, but was manoeuvring ground, where the righting which started March 21 has not yet come to a conclusion." Another semi-official utterance tele? graphed from Berlin says Field Mar? shal Haig undertook the attack to re? store the badly tarnished military pres? tige of G teat Britain, and asserts that. ! "as usual," the brunt of the battle was not borne by the English, but by Cana- ] dians and Australians. "An extremely dense fog the morn- ; ing of the 8th favored the enemy at tack," the statement say?. "The fog cloud so densely enveloped the Anglo French tank squadrons which pushed i forward after a sudden and formidable bombardment by artillery that they ? could pass unhindered by the Gorman j antitank lire ?nd partly penetrate into J the artillery lines." Americans Join Battle Advance on the Somme Enemy Faces Flight to Old Somme Line Allied Attack on 45-Mile Front Endangers Luden dorff Strategy By Arthur S. Draper (Special Cable to The Tribune) (0>pyrigUt. 1918, by Tho Tribune association) LONDON, Aug. 10.?Haigr's success | grows hourly. His victory on the j Somme looms larger as the battle in 1 creases m magnitude and violence. As 1 write, the big points of the last twen? ty-four hours are (1) the extension of the fighting line south of Montdidier .which has now been captured; (2) the entrance of the American troops, who 1 assisted the Brinsh in the capture of Morlancourt and the heights to the i south where the Germans previously had succeeded in blocking the advance; ! (3) the rapid progress at the centre, 1 where Australians and Canadians now ' are on the outskirts of Ghaulnes; i-4) ; the capture of over 24,000 prisoners | 1 and 400 puns. The report of any one of these suc? cesses would be enough to fill tho Al ; lies with satisfaction, while the com ? bination is certain to strike terror to the enemy. Endangers Entire Line The battlafront now measures close to forty-five miles. The forced with? drawal of the Germans from the Mont? didier .salient seems certain. That would mean Ludendorff's whole line north of Compi?gne would have to fall back. If the situation is filled with high promise in the south, it is no less satisfactory in the north, where the English and Americans stood off Ger? man counter attacks after taking the heights on the Somme. A further ad? vance toward Bray would force the Germans to evacuate the Albert salient. Anxiety over the British left wing is greatly relieved and the anxiety has turned to confidence. There is some question whether the progress of the Canadians at Santerre Heights is intended as a local opera? tion. In fact, there is no such thing as a limited offensive, for in any sur? prise operation the attacking force must be ready to take advantage of every opening. Result Still in Doubt Natural objectives are set in advance of the attack, but that operations can- | not cease the moment they are attained was shown when Byng surprised the ? enemy at Cambrai and the British were unable to follow up their great ad? vantage. In the present operation Haig prepared for anything. The operation may end suddenly or it may continue for many days, as nona can say when the battle is concluded. From eight to ten days has bt en the limit of previous attacks, after which the lines were stabilized. On the Marne Foch hit with his greatest weight for three' clays and continued to reap the reward for the following fortnight. There may be a repetition of this in the present operation, for the enemy cannot settle down where he is now. To say that the enemy's power of re? sistance has been broken is dangerous ' prophecy. The Allies have been re? lieved of two great perils?the threat at Amiens and the threat at Paris. The Germans have lost the initiative, but where armies number millions they re? cuperate rapidly. Ludendorff is being sorely tried, his reserves have dowin dled rapidly and his army is stagger? ing, but the military decision will not be found around the next corner. Allied Prospects Bright The Allies' prospects were never; brighter and Germany's hope of a mili? tary victory is fading away rapidly. The outlook is mighty encouraging. There are two distinct movements along the southern end of the front. The Canadians and French driving cast by southeast toward Roye whiie the French working north by north Continued on page three Pershing's Men Capture Chipilly and Aid British in Taking Morlancourt; French Make Striking Gains in South. Imperilling Hutier's Entire Army Kaiser's Forces Now May Retire To the Old Hindenburg Line Germans Lose Almost as Much in Present Drive as They Won Earlier in War; Battle Now Extends Over 44-Mile Line, From the Ancre to the Matz The Allied victory in Picardy developed yesterday into the greatest German disaster of the war. More ground was gained the third day of the offensive than on the previous two days combined. Prisoners were officially stated early yesterday to number 24,000, but this probably did ?not include any of the enormous haul of yesterday. The French, starting Friday night, began a great new movement south of Montdidier. Attacking without artillery preparation, they advanced four miles in the first six hours. Montdidier was surrounded and soon captured, several thou? sand prisoners being taken there. North of the Somme, where the Germans had held up the advance, American and British troops retook Chipilly and Morlancourt. Observers say the Americans showed wonderful energy and audacity. French Patrols Enter Chaulnes A dispatch from the front says French patrols are in Chaulnes, the great railroad centre and supply base, which is just beyond the line given in the British night official statement. At many points cavalry and tanks again cut up the retreating foe miles in front of the infantry. The enemy has lost almost as much material as he gained in his striking successes earlier in the year. More than 400 guns have been captured. Von Hutier's whole army in the Montdidier-Noyon region seems in danger of capture. The battle line was more than doubled in length, now to? talling 44 miles in length, from the Ancre to the Matz, while a London newspaper reports the fighting extending north to near Arras. The Allies moved forward over the whole of the battle line, the depth on the centre reaching more than five miles over a broad front, while the French on the south gained six mile?. The total gain for the three days was fourteen and one-half miles. Two Enemy Division Staffs Taken Two German division staffs have been captured. Eleven German divisions have been cut to pieces. Only four divisions from the enemy reserves have reached the battlefield and these proved powerless to check Haig's men. The Germans no longer are counter attacking to any im? portant extent, but are trying to save themselves by hurried flight. Military critics say they cannot possibly stop before the line where the Somme flows to the north, and probably will have to go back to their Hindenburg line of last winter. Total Allied Losses Only 6,000, Less Than Fourth of Captives Taken i Hy The Aasoriatrd Pre ??-? LONDON', Aug. 10.?The advance of the Allied armies on the Picardy bat t'.efront continued to-day, according to the 'ate?t dispatches reaching London this afternoon. Nowhere, it appear?, have the Ger? mans yet been able tp organize for any severe counterstroke. The important to'.vn of Montdidier. which was approximately at the apex of the German salient south of the Somme, has been captured by the Al lies. The French have taken an addi? tional hundred guns on this front. Th? guns captured by the Allies are now nearly 40% in number. The Picardy battle is spreading to the south of Arras. "The Pal! Mall Ga? zette" ?ays this afternoon. Allied Casualties Onl> 6.0CO The Allied casualties, including all the killed, w.iunded and mi^sinfr. arc iess than 6,000, or not mors than cne ? fourth of the number of pr.sor.ers counted. Or. the other hand, the Ger? ma r. casualties have been tremendously heavy. The latest news from the French wa*? tha* they had captured the towns of Saulchoy and Daveneseourt. Saulchsy is about rive miles northeast of Mont didier. I The advice? from the French around Montdidier stated that they were meet? ing no severe resistance and that the Germans undoubtedly were trying hard to escape from the nasty salient. Eleven German divisions have been not only defeated in the fighting of the last three days, but so utterly crushed that the German higher com? mand has been unabie to make any counter stroke anywhere, dorm?n Communication* Disorganized The Gorman communications have been so disorganized that thus far only two divisions of reserves have been