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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 11, 1918, Image 1

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ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
IS GUARANTEED
First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
Wx?nau
WEATHER
Fair to-day and probably to-morrow;
warmer to-morrow; diminish-_
ing east winds.
roll Report en Paar It
Vol IAXVm No.
26,201
rCopyrijrht 1918 ?
The Tribun* As.'n]
SUNDAY, AUGUST 11, 1918?SEVEN PARTS?FIFTY-EIGHT PAGES
* *
FIVE CENTS ?J?
Foe Suffers His Worst Defeat of War;
Allies Gain 6 Miles, 30,000 Captives;
Montdidier Falls; Chaulnes Entered
Our Men Run
Miles to Join
British Drive
Spur North of Somme
?Captured When Tanks
and Infantry Charge
Foe Retreats After
Desperate Defence
Pershing's Boys, at End of
Forced March, Arrive in
Time to "Go Over Top"
(3y The Associated Press)
WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IN
FRANCE, Aug. 10.?Chipil?y Spur, ;
north of the Somme, was captured by i
the American and British troops at 6
o'clock last night. The attack began j
st 5 o'clock, when the Allies moved
forward between the Ancre and the '
Somme. They were supported by tanks
?nd were preceded by a heavy barrage.
The enemy was driven toward Bray,
northeast of Chipil?y.
The Americans and British have now
??ranced beyond their objectives north
of the Somme. The whole of the Chi?
pil?y Spar is now in their possession
after fighting of tne mo3t desperate
character.
Th? casualties of the Americans were
not more than was to be expected, con- ,
sidering the bitterness of the fighting.
Americans Not To Be Denied
Details of the brilliant battle which ;
tht Americans and British fought for ]
the spur are cow available. In order
to go over the top at the appointed
time yesterday afternoon the Ameri?
cans were forced to make a rapid
march, in the last part of which they
ran so as to be in the fight.
Harried on their way by the ad?
vancing British, French and American
troops on the Amiens-Somme battle?
field, the Germans throughout the day
retired all along the line, attempting
to ?are whatever they could as the
?French launched a new attack on Mont
didier. The elements of the German
divisions became badly confused in
their operations through tryin?? to hold
up the Allies in their several attacks.
It was a victorious day for the Allies,:
?ho smashed all the German resist-;
snee.
Tanks' Aid Not Needed
In the American attack the German
infantry held for a while and then
"oke, and the Americans kept going,,
at some places without the assistance
of the tanks. The; ground, pitted with !
deep gullies, was unsuited for tank
"arfare.
There wore r.o tronche?, but a thin,
!moke screen blowing across the
ground indicated where the enemy's I
Positions lay. At the same time the
German artillery became active and
dropped shells in the direction of the
American troops which in?icted a few!
iMaaltic?. The Americans, however,
?"*" on and reached the ?moke line just;
? '-t lifted. There they found them-1
?swes at grips with the enemy.
Meanwhile certain American units
ca?j reached positions in front of a
wood when the Germans opened fire
*'-*-h machine guns. Many of these
ttsnrj machine gunners earn*-; up from ?
?*ep dugouts after the American bar
?***ge had c^ar-c-d ami placed their guns
*? Prepared pits. The Americans faced
? feail of bullet? here.
Germans Make Firm
Stand on Heights
North of the Vesle
<% Th? ?MMoeialtd Pn
AMERICAN Ap.MY HEADQUARTERS
W THE VESLE, Au*. 9. Whatever
**7 be the ultimata intentions of the j
****na, th-y have methodically !
??ought out th? problem of defending '
ia? height? north of the V?tsl?, and are ;
rr'r'if,--j discoursging all effort? to ap
?foarh them.
? ne Gam ana doubtlessly encouraged
?j American?*, with the ?d'-a that j
??*es had h?en abandoned, because
*h,m ?.he Americans entered the town
**y r^n Bp ?gainst ? liberal supply '
'* ???Mn? ?fun ,.,' ?? But, as th?!
?"??ay discovered at Seicheprey feast
Continued <v? pa?je three
Crown Prince Blamed
For Crushing Defeats
LONDON, Aug. 10.?Reuter's Lim?
ited correspondent with the British
army in France sends the following
dispatch concerning the German
Crown Prince:
"According to the statements of
prisoners the German Crown Prince
appears to be the most unpopular
leader in the German army. He is
accused by them of being directly
responsible for the Marne disaster.
They say that the opinion is widely
expressed by German soldiers that
the Crown Prince's amateurish inter?
ference with the plans of their ex?
perienced generals was the starting
point for the present crushing mis?
fortunes of the German armies."
British Hold
L?nine Envoy
In Reprisal
Police Guard Put Over M.
Litvinoff Because of
Arrests in Moscow
LONDON, Aug. 10.?In reprisal for
the arrest at Moscow of Robert H. B.
Lockhart, British Consular Agent at
Moscow, and other British officials by
the Bolsheviki, M. Litvinoff, the
Bolshevik emissary in London, has
been placed under police supervision,
"The Daily Mail" states.
British government advices through
Swedish channels say that the reason j
given for the arrest of British Con- j
suis at Moscow is that members of the
Soviet government were said to have j
been shot at Archangel.
Tho British government has de
manded the release of Mr. Lockhart.
Much anxiety exists concerning other
members of the British and French
diplomatic missions, and there are ap- j
prehensions that they may have been
detained somewhere on the journey i
northward.
Bolsheviki Withhold Newa
No direct news from Moscow is ob?
tainable, because the Bolsheviki have
cut off telegraphic communication.
T.ockhart was sent to Moscow some
time ago to maintain unofficial rela
?ions with the Bolsheviki. There have
been no reports that any of those under
arrest have been h ned.
Lord Robert Cecil, Under Secretary i
of State for Foreign Affairs, comment?
ing on the situation, said:
"If there was an organized govern?
ment in Moscow of course it would
mean war. But as there is no real
government no immediate steps will I
be taken affecting the Bolsheviki."
A dispatch to Reuter's, Limited, from !
Vladivostok, under date of August 8, ,
says that the district zemstvo has
handed an ultimatum to the consular !
corps, demanding the immediate expul- j
sion of General Horvath, self-pro- !
claimed dictator of Siberia. The
zemstvo threatens to suspend its func
tions if this demand is not acceded to.
Chinese Help in Victory
General Semenoff, the anti-Bolshevik !
loader, with the help of Chinese artii- ?
lery, has defeated the Russian Red :
Guards on the Chinese frontier and dis
persed them, according to a Moscow
telegram to the Rhenish Wcstphalian I
"Gazette,"' of Essen.
The German newspapers to-day ad- [
mit that the situation in Russia is so ,
critical that a change of government ;
may come any day, according to a Co- !
penhajjen dispatch to the Exchange
Telegraph Company. The "Berlin
Continued on page six
The Constitution
Of the Bolsheviki
"A plan for consolidating pro- j
auction in the hands of the work?
ing masses, united in a gigantic
association."
The text of this extraordinary
document will be found on Page 7.
_______ i
-~-: ?
British Airmen Fly to
Egypt From England
LONDON, Aug. 10. Two Royal Air
Force officers, with two mechanics,
have completad a flight from England
to Egypt, a distance of '?,000 miles, in |
a type of airplane that has seen con
nidernble service on the front. The
official report, in announcing this feat,
nays :
"One or two halt.," were made for
petrol, bat the flight wtu? merely a bit
of routine woiV ?
"OH, 'VER?, OH, VER?, ISS MEIN LEEDLE DOG GONE?'1
New York Boys
Achieve Glory
In Big Drive
Gen. March Tells of Success
of O'Ryan's 27th Division;
"Rainbows" Praised
(Special Dispatch to The Tribune)
WASHINGTON, Aug. 10.-?The 27th
New York National Guard Division, led
by Major General O'Ryan, is operating
with the British on the Flanders front,
Chief of Staff March ahnounced to?
day in his conference with newspaper
correspondents. The London report
saying American troops achieved a
"considerable success between the
Somme and the Ancre" is believed to
have referred to the New York State
guardsmen, who have been abroad suf?
ficiently long to take their turn where
the fighting is heaviest.
High tribute also was paid by Gen?
eral March to the Rainbow Division,
which includes the lighting 69th,
known now as the 165th Infantry Regi?
ment. This division was credited with
having put out of the lighting three
Oerman divisions, including the crack
Prussian Guards, taking prisoners,
from six enemy division.; and driving
the Germans back Bixteen kilometres
in eight, days
General March, while expressing
greatest satisfaction with the Allied j
successes and the part American i
troops have taken in these victories,1
sounded a warning against overop- i
timism.
"Hit Harder:*' Says March
"It is no time to talk about the war
being over," he said. "It is the time to
hit the enemy hard.''
Marshal Foch's driving tactics against, i
the hard-pressed Germans was based.
General March said, "on the perfectly,
Hound principle thai, when you get nn
enemy going you keep him going, never'
give him a chance to recuperate or!
think it over; keep on hitting him."
"But," (?enera! Mardi said in hin|
caution against over-optimism, "wo
have not. yet. gotten hack to the origi?
nal Hlndenburg line of defence, where
the German begta bis advance a .year |
Lloyd George Lauds
Unity of Command
LONDON, Aug. 10.?Speaking at a
luncheon to-day at Newport, Mon?
mouthshire, Premier Lloyd George
emphasized the importance of the
pushing back of the Germans from
within gun range of the Amiens
railway.
"Hundreds of trains used to pass
through Amiens daily," the Premier
said, "but we were temporarily de?
prived of its use until recently, when
we were able to employ twenty trains
i daily.
"Amiens now is safe through the
recent Allied triumphs on the Marne
and the Somme, wtiich were due to
i the unity of command. Those two
great victories have resulted in the
capture of between fifty thousand
and sixty thousand prisoners and \
i between eight hundred and nine i
hundred guns."
'? ago. We still have some territory to !
i gain, so when statements appear in the j
' papers that indicate the war is over at
' this point, discourage it. This is the
; time for the greatest effort; keep the
enemy running. That is the reason
the. United States is being called upon
1 for increased man power, that is the
! reason we want the age limits of the
! draft botli lowered and raised to get
more men. It is no time now to talk
i about the war being over. It is the i
time to hit him hard. The greatest
i advantage of this whole thing has been I
! the change of the Allies from the de- j
1 fensive to the offensive, which is a
great military asset. We have the
enemy guessing now instead of guess- ;
ing ourselves."
In outlining the part taken by the i
Rainbow Division, answering a request
for a brief r?sum? of the principal ac
tions in which the pioneer National1
Guard organization has participated,
General March said:
"The Rainbow Division had its com- ;
bat training in the Lorraine sector,
north of Luneville. It left that posi?
tion to arrive east of Rheims, where on j
July 15 it helped break the main Ger- :
man attack. When the French-Ameri- '
can counter offensive was launched in ?
the Marne salient, the division appeared
there shortly In relief of other units.
Our reports indicate the following: In
eight days of battle the division has
forced the passage of the Ourcq, taken
prisoners from six enemy divisions,,
met, routed, decimated a crack division !
Continued on page three
Berlin Ascribes
Defeats to Fog
And Surprises
i
Germans Seek to Belittle
Allied Victories and Berate
British Army
_
AMSTERDAM, Aug. 10.?The Anglo
French successes are attributed to their
surprise-attacks and the presence of a
thick fog over the battlefield, accord?
ing to a Berlin telegram received here
quoting a semi-official German news
agency.
"Notwithstanding the exceedingly
favorable ground for the movement of
great masses of troops and the opera?
tions of tanks, the initial success of the
Anglo-French armies under Field Mar?
shal Haig have not surpassed the limits
which usually result from a first day's
offensive," the agency declares. "A
certain loss in guns and prisoners in
such circumstances is unavoidable, but
the enemy has not reached any of his
strategic goals. His gain of ground is
the less important because it comprises
no consolidated system of defence, but
was manoeuvring ground, where the
righting which started March 21 has
not yet come to a conclusion."
Another semi-official utterance tele?
graphed from Berlin says Field Mar?
shal Haig undertook the attack to re?
store the badly tarnished military pres?
tige of G teat Britain, and asserts that.
!
"as usual," the brunt of the battle was
not borne by the English, but by Cana- ]
dians and Australians.
"An extremely dense fog the morn- ;
ing of the 8th favored the enemy at
tack," the statement say?. "The fog
cloud so densely enveloped the Anglo
French tank squadrons which pushed i
forward after a sudden and formidable
bombardment by artillery that they ?
could pass unhindered by the Gorman j
antitank lire ?nd partly penetrate into J
the artillery lines."
Americans Join Battle
Advance on the Somme
Enemy Faces
Flight to Old
Somme Line
Allied Attack on 45-Mile
Front Endangers Luden
dorff Strategy
By Arthur S. Draper
(Special Cable to The Tribune)
(0>pyrigUt. 1918, by Tho Tribune association)
LONDON, Aug. 10.?Haigr's success
| grows hourly. His victory on the
j Somme looms larger as the battle in
1 creases m magnitude and violence. As
1 write, the big points of the last twen?
ty-four hours are (1) the extension of
the fighting line south of Montdidier
.which has now been captured; (2) the
entrance of the American troops, who
1 assisted the Brinsh in the capture of
Morlancourt and the heights to the
i south where the Germans previously
had succeeded in blocking the advance;
! (3) the rapid progress at the centre,
1 where Australians and Canadians now
' are on the outskirts of Ghaulnes; i-4)
; the capture of over 24,000 prisoners |
1 and 400 puns.
The report of any one of these suc?
cesses would be enough to fill tho Al
; lies with satisfaction, while the com
? bination is certain to strike terror to
the enemy.
Endangers Entire Line
The battlafront now measures close
to forty-five miles. The forced with?
drawal of the Germans from the Mont?
didier .salient seems certain. That
would mean Ludendorff's whole line
north of Compi?gne would have to fall
back.
If the situation is filled with high
promise in the south, it is no less
satisfactory in the north, where the
English and Americans stood off Ger?
man counter attacks after taking the
heights on the Somme. A further ad?
vance toward Bray would force the
Germans to evacuate the Albert salient.
Anxiety over the British left wing is
greatly relieved and the anxiety has
turned to confidence.
There is some question whether the
progress of the Canadians at Santerre
Heights is intended as a local opera?
tion. In fact, there is no such thing
as a limited offensive, for in any sur?
prise operation the attacking force
must be ready to take advantage of
every opening.
Result Still in Doubt
Natural objectives are set in advance
of the attack, but that operations can- |
not cease the moment they are attained
was shown when Byng surprised the ?
enemy at Cambrai and the British were
unable to follow up their great ad?
vantage. In the present operation Haig
prepared for anything. The operation
may end suddenly or it may continue
for many days, as nona can say when
the battle is concluded.
From eight to ten days has bt en the
limit of previous attacks, after which
the lines were stabilized. On the
Marne Foch hit with his greatest
weight for three' clays and continued
to reap the reward for the following
fortnight. There may be a repetition
of this in the present operation, for
the enemy cannot settle down where he
is now.
To say that the enemy's power of re?
sistance has been broken is dangerous '
prophecy. The Allies have been re?
lieved of two great perils?the threat
at Amiens and the threat at Paris. The
Germans have lost the initiative, but
where armies number millions they re?
cuperate rapidly. Ludendorff is being
sorely tried, his reserves have dowin
dled rapidly and his army is stagger?
ing, but the military decision will not
be found around the next corner.
Allied Prospects Bright
The Allies' prospects were never;
brighter and Germany's hope of a mili?
tary victory is fading away rapidly.
The outlook is mighty encouraging.
There are two distinct movements
along the southern end of the front.
The Canadians and French driving
cast by southeast toward Roye whiie
the French working north by north
Continued on page three
Pershing's Men Capture Chipilly and Aid British
in Taking Morlancourt; French Make
Striking Gains in South. Imperilling
Hutier's Entire Army
Kaiser's Forces Now May Retire
To the Old Hindenburg Line
Germans Lose Almost as Much in Present Drive
as They Won Earlier in War; Battle Now
Extends Over 44-Mile Line, From
the Ancre to the Matz
The Allied victory in Picardy developed yesterday into the
greatest German disaster of the war.
More ground was gained the third day of the offensive than
on the previous two days combined. Prisoners were officially
stated early yesterday to number 24,000, but this probably did
?not include any of the enormous haul of yesterday.
The French, starting Friday night, began a great new
movement south of Montdidier. Attacking without artillery
preparation, they advanced four miles in the first six hours.
Montdidier was surrounded and soon captured, several thou?
sand prisoners being taken there.
North of the Somme, where the Germans had held up the
advance, American and British troops retook Chipilly and
Morlancourt. Observers say the Americans showed wonderful
energy and audacity.
French Patrols Enter Chaulnes
A dispatch from the front says French patrols are in
Chaulnes, the great railroad centre and supply base, which is
just beyond the line given in the British night official statement.
At many points cavalry and tanks again cut up the retreating
foe miles in front of the infantry.
The enemy has lost almost as much material as he gained
in his striking successes earlier in the year. More than 400
guns have been captured. Von Hutier's whole army in the
Montdidier-Noyon region seems in danger of capture.
The battle line was more than doubled in length, now to?
talling 44 miles in length, from the Ancre to the Matz, while
a London newspaper reports the fighting extending north to
near Arras.
The Allies moved forward over the whole of the battle line,
the depth on the centre reaching more than five miles over a
broad front, while the French on the south gained six mile?.
The total gain for the three days was fourteen and one-half
miles.
Two Enemy Division Staffs Taken
Two German division staffs have been captured. Eleven
German divisions have been cut to pieces. Only four divisions
from the enemy reserves have reached the battlefield and these
proved powerless to check Haig's men.
The Germans no longer are counter attacking to any im?
portant extent, but are trying to save themselves by hurried
flight. Military critics say they cannot possibly stop before the
line where the Somme flows to the north, and probably will have
to go back to their Hindenburg line of last winter.
Total Allied Losses Only 6,000,
Less Than Fourth of Captives Taken
i Hy The Aasoriatrd Pre ??-?
LONDON', Aug. 10.?The advance of
the Allied armies on the Picardy bat
t'.efront continued to-day, according to
the 'ate?t dispatches reaching London
this afternoon.
Nowhere, it appear?, have the Ger?
mans yet been able tp organize for any
severe counterstroke.
The important to'.vn of Montdidier.
which was approximately at the apex
of the German salient south of the
Somme, has been captured by the Al
lies. The French have taken an addi?
tional hundred guns on this front. Th?
guns captured by the Allies are now
nearly 40% in number.
The Picardy battle is spreading to
the south of Arras. "The Pal! Mall Ga?
zette" ?ays this afternoon.
Allied Casualties Onl> 6.0CO
The Allied casualties, including all
the killed, w.iunded and mi^sinfr. arc
iess than 6,000, or not mors than cne
? fourth of the number of pr.sor.ers
counted. Or. the other hand, the Ger?
ma r. casualties have been tremendously
heavy.
The latest news from the French wa*?
tha* they had captured the towns of
Saulchoy and Daveneseourt. Saulchsy
is about rive miles northeast of Mont
didier. I
The advice? from the French around
Montdidier stated that they were meet?
ing no severe resistance and that the
Germans undoubtedly were trying
hard to escape from the nasty salient.
Eleven German divisions have been
not only defeated in the fighting of
the last three days, but so utterly
crushed that the German higher com?
mand has been unabie to make any
counter stroke anywhere,
dorm?n Communication* Disorganized
The Gorman communications have
been so disorganized that thus far only
two divisions of reserves have been

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