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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED Z?rnen First to Last-the Truth: News - Editorials ? Advertisements tibvixxt WEATHER Fair to-day and to-morrow; continnrtf cool to-day. To-morrow slightly warmer; diminishing east winds. Full Be-port on race 6 Vol. LXXVHI Xo. 26,209 rCopTTl-rht 1918? The Trlbnnc Am'n'l MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 1918 * ?y * ?rn rrvra < I? Greater New York and | THRKK CKNTf ihuh?.i??^,,^ rommutinr distance | naewhea-c Notice To Tribune Readers I AndjDthers? Tfie newsdealers' war on Hearst papers begins to-day. Nobody can say for sure what will happen at first. The Amer? ican News Company has adopt? ed, for one day afe least, an unexpected attitude. It will pretend that nothing has hap? pened, and deliver all papers as usual. But this means that in addition to all the other papers it will deliver Hearst papers to newsdealers who have cancelled their orders and do not want ? them and will not pay for them, i Obviously this is a temporary line of defence. The American News Company buys the morning newspapers! from the publishers in bulk at one price and resells them in parcels to the newsdealers. When the newsdealers re? solved to stop selling the Hearst papers and to begin their war in Brooklyn Monday morning, j the other publishers, except those ! of The Tribune, notified the American News Company that they were going to stand by Hearst and instructed it to with- j hold their papers from all deal era who refused to handle l Hearst's. Thereupon the Amer? ican News Company announced i on Saturday that other morn- ' ing newspapers would be sold only to newsdealers who con-j tinued to handle the Hearst papers as usual. Nevertheless, the Brooklyn newsdealers, who. had agreed to begin the war, ] sent to the American News | Company Saturday their can- I cellation3 on "The New York American," to take effect Mon- i day morninrj. I Then the news company for some reason changed its mind and gave out word that all newsdealers would be served with all newspapers as usual this morning and that the cancella? tions received from anti-Hearst dealers would be ignored. So, all through Brooklyn this morn? ing "New York Americans" win be "sold" to newsdealers i who have discontinued to buy ! them. What the newsdealers will do with them remains to be seen. The Tribune is standing with ; the newsdealers. The anti-Hearst activities in; Manhattan to-day will come not nom the newsdealers but from the newsboys. To .Ail Newsdealers? Any newsdealer who is cut off from his supply of other ; "ewipapers for refusing to l handle Hearst papers can get Tribunes either at the Main Of? fice or at points of distribution ' tat will be announced later. The Tribune Association. Negro and Whites in Riot at Camp Merritt Sackensack, n. j., Aug. is.?a net between negro troops and a com WBy of the 50th Infantry, doin?? mili- , tir? police duty, is reported to have \ ^rred at Camp Merritt last night. : y*1* negro soldiers are said to have ' ?*?>> killed and eight others wounded. | **?ssdquartera officials admitted that! * Wt took place, and said that they i .^ 5?ard that one man had been ' <I;H But further than this they ! ??Id not verify any of the stories ] ?'<? ?bout camp to-day. The officials : 'a,<? that a full statement would be ' "rtoesmfng. T}i* riot it reported to have taken P'aee ?n Y. M. C. A. Hut No, 1, which >* m the heart of the camp. The , ??"?ibl? I? ?aid t0 have started wh?>n * n*ffro trooper and a white sergeant l"* into ? fight and the white sergeantI '?Ornad a cut in the race. There were **S 2,000 soldiers in the place at the | *?*? Fearing sortons trouble between whit? and negro troopers % call *?? sent for the military police. A ?"Jjpany of the Fiftieth Infantry ^?Ponded and wat (luelling the din-! -?'bance, when, it Is ?aidV negro sol ?WH recruited hastily, entered the! '* ?sa then that the real trouble ' **tsn. -???liUrjr police received ?as?stanos ? ^Mhs r?9t was put dowo. Franco-British Score New Advances; Baig Gains on 4-Mile Flanders Line Anti-Wealth Riots Sweep Over Japan Mobs Are Stoning Capital? istic Classes and Destroy? ing Property Houses Pillaged at Big Recreation Resort 200 Stores and Caf?s in Tokio Damaged; Troops Are Called Out (By The Associated Press) TOKIO, Thursday, Aug. 15.?There was serious rioting in Tokio last night. Mobs attacked and damaged property in the business and theatre districts. The rioters also entered and pillaged houses in Aeakusa, the great recreation resort of the middle and lower classes. A number if disturbers were wounded by the swords of the poW:e. The newspaper comment here seems to indicate that the food riots through? out the country are an expression of growing social unrest among the people and to reflect the belief that the empire is advancing toward a social crisis. The riots are spreading like wildfire, involv? ing alike the poor and the middle classes, who feel impelled to protest against economic conditions. It is remarked that the uprisings often are anti-capitalistic in nature, the mobs attacking and destroying the property of the wealthy and voicing anger at evidences of luxury. Geisha girls have been stoned as they have driven through the streets in automo? biles and the houses of the rich have been assailed. Low Wages the Cause While the war has created million? aires and increased the luxuries of the rich, it also has increased the misery of the poor because of insufficient wages being paid. Factory hands especially are stirred up by the ring? leaders of the riots, which are the first of the kind to occur since Japan was opened to Western civilization. Disorders broke out in Tokio on Tuesday night. A crowd of 5,000, which was prevented from congregating in the park, marched to the Ginza, the great retail thoroughfare of the city, where they stoned and damaged 200 stores and restaurants, raided rice depots and unsuccessfully attacked the Ministry of the Interior. Ninety ar? rests were made and twenty policemen were injured. Tokio last night was occupied by heavy detachments of police and in? fantry. The newspapers arc forbidden to publish news of any kind relative to the rice riots. Troops have been CF.llod out in nearly every important city in Japan. Kven j the naval station at Mair.uru is affected by the unrest. Two thousand work- ! men there are rioting in conjunction | with the populace. At Nagoya, noted for its manu- ? factures of porcelains, a mob estimated ? to aggregate 30,000 persons rioted. At j peveral places the soldiers fired on the | disturbers. At Kobe the soldiers and police also were obliged to use sabres ; and bayonets ?gainst the. rioters. Five Hundred Arrested at Saka The food disturbances are increas- j ing in violence. At Saka during a ; demonstration, telephone wires were cut and several tramways were forced to suspend service after passengers had j been wounded. Troops, including cav- j airy, were called out to suppress the ! rioting, and twenty-five policemen and many rioters were hurt. Five hundred j persons were arrested. In outlying j towns the people attacked the police with bamboo spears. The disturbances at Kobe resulted in ; the burning of a great rice warehouse and ?cveral factories and houses and a large number of rice stores. The seriousness of the situation led ? to a special meeting of the Cabinet, j which decided to appropriate $5,000,- j 000 for purchasing store'' of rice l'or j distribution among the people at a ' moderate nrice. The Emperor, moved ! by the distress, has contributed ,'?,000, 000 yen to the national rice fund. ? Streetcars are being utilized in Tokio | by soldiers who distribute rice in dis- J tricts where suffering is reported. The press joins in a tribute to the Emysror for hi? generous contribution i indicating the spirit of the ruler and | the wealthier classes, but the news- I paper? generally blame the government I for its tardy remedies. The Conserva- ? tive newspaper "Jiji Shlmpo" especially j entiche? the government, saying that ?' as a result of it.i policy Uie nation ttnds Hae-ii in tue throe? of insurrection. Foe Forming Gas Units For 'Service After War' (By The Ae.sociattd Press) WITH THE FRENCH ARMY IN . FRANCE. Aug. 19.?A German order recently found on the battlefield re? quests the different units to furnish lists of officers and men who have shown aptitude in the gas section, and who "desire to continue in that service after the war." The order invites even mutilated coldiers, whose infirmities do not in? capacitate them for this work, to send in their names. Three Men Taken In Espionage Raid Near Aviation Field Two Houses and Hotel Are Entered by Government Agents at Hempstead HEMPSTEAD, L. I., Aug. IS.?Secret Service men, backed by military police detailed from Camp Mills, raided a hotel anil two private houses overlook? ing Mitchel Aviation Field early this morning and arrested three men on charges of violation of the espionage act. Carrier pigeons are said to have beer observed flying from one of the house? in the direction of Fire Island, and ii is suspected the birds may have beer used to relay messages to F-boat com? manders, whose seamen readily coulc reach the shore in a collapsible boat i In one of the other places visited wai found, it is said, a German officer': uniform, and in the third was a rooiT decorated with a single picture whic! was draped with the German flag When the flag was removed a portrai of the Kaiser was revealed. The raid was conducted with grea secrecy and the charges against ; li? men were shrouded in mystery. Tin government detectives intimated, how ever, that the arrests were considere? of prime importance. It is believe' that the men were taken to the Ray mond Street jail, Brooklyn, and wil be arraigned in that borough to-mor row before a United States Commis sioner. The raid revived rumors, that tw men had been caught tampering wit motors of aeroplanes on Mitchel Fieh Officers in charge of the raid woul not comment on these rumors or upo the fact thai some had connected thei with the arrests. Earlier rumors said that, followin the discovery that the enemy was see!, ing to disable aeroplane motors, a nc inquiry had been ordered into recen aeroplane accidents dating back to tli death here of Captain Resnati, of th Italian army, early last month. Shows Kaiser In 1909 Sowed WarSeedHere I Deputy Attorney General ! Becker Gets Proofs From Former Pro-Germans Cash From Bazaars Spent for Kultur Von Skal and Others Tell How Bernstorff Got "Charity" Funds i I Revelations obtained from American ?citizens of German birth who admit ; aiding the cause of Germany before ;tho United States entered the war were made public yesterday by Deputy I Attorney General Alfred L. Becker. They disclose that Germany as long r.^o as 1909 was trying to win this country to her side in the world war 'she then was planning. Wearing Liberty bond buttons, the Allied colors. Red Cross pins and even service- flags, these naturalized citizens hare been reporting?by order?to the , office of iho Attorney General during i the !ns? few weeks to submit to ex ! animation concerning their part in Ger ? many's efforts to influence public opin? ion in the United States. The information obtained from them, dovetailed with knowledge obtained from other sources, has established that Germany began to launch a world? wide propaganda campaign at least n year before she declared war on France rind Russia. Bernstorff Got I ho Cash It proves that funds raised in this ' country for the German Red Cross and \ for the rciief of German soldiers'] widows and orphans were turned over ? to Count von Bernstorff and used by \ him as fuel for the German propaganda j machine. It also has been established that the scheme of educating the pub- ; lie to th" "value" of German kultur as ? applied in America was similarly ap- \ plied in most of the other nations of . '.tie earth. It was successful in Turkey. I Among those who have been exam? ined and whose admissions were made public yesterday by Mr. Becker were (??-?oiire von Skal, Commissioner of Ac- i - -.- _ Continued on page three I Our Men Gain Under Deluge Of Hun Shells Push On at Frapelle, in' Vosges, Under Hail of 2,500 Projectiles Repulse Enemy Raid; j Wipe Out Salient Americans Again Display Valor; Advance Opens New Gate to Germany ' ?>U The Associated Prepx) WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN LORRAINE, Aug. 18.?The Americans | early to-day gained more ground on the scene of yesterday's victory at ! Frapelle, Lorraine, despite a total of j -,300 shells dropped by the enemy on the village and a raid by forty-five Germans, which was repulsed by the American artillery and automatic rifle \ fire. ! In the Woevre an American patrol . had a lively engagement. One Ameri? can, wounded in nine places, heroically carried a wounded comrade to safety. The German salient wiped out by the Americans in the capture of Frapelle ; yesterday was important because it commands the outlet from France ' through the Saales pass and the pass I of St. Marie mix Mines into the Rhine Valley. Frapelle is a small village, five miles ; east of St. Die, which has 20,000 popu- ' lution. Both are in French Lorraine. i Berlin Admits Withdrawal Of Vosges Advance Posts ? BERLIN, Aug. 18.?"In the Vosges our advanced posts, which had pushed forward in this region as far as Fra? pelle, yielded to an enemy local thrust, in accordance with instructions or the command," says the German War Of- ? fice statement issued to-day. ???-?- ? - Haig Decorated With French Military Medal PARIS. Aug. IS. Field Marsha! Sir Douglas Haig was decorated by Pre? mier Clemenceau with the French mili? tary medal at headquarters in the field ; to-day. The award was made on the recommendation of Marshal Foch. ANYBODY KNOW WHERE THE FIRE ESCAPE IS? Kaiser 'Horrified9 by Allied Air Raids While Own Men Bomb Open Towns AMSTERDAM, Aug. 18.?The , ?^*- Cologne "Gazette" prints a | telegram sent by the direction of j the Emperor to the Burgomaster of Frankfort, stating that the Emperor "deeply sympathizes in the misfortune which has befallen the open town of Frankfort as the result of an enemy attack which was contrary to international law and claimed many victims." The telegram requests that the Burgomaster convey to the vie-, tims' relatives the "sympathy of the All-Highest.', T>ARIS. Aug. 18.--German bomb ing squadrons have been very active in bombarding towns behind the front during the last two days. There were numerous raids on Rouen, where six persons were killed and five wounded. The German Gothas flew as far as Havre, where no one was killed and no damage done. Two con? secutive raids on Vernon caused only material damage. Several warnings were given at Dunkirk and Calais during the period. Troops Desert Boche Squirt Bolsheviki as Liquid Flame Allies Advance On Prisoners First American Contingent Reaches Vladivostok; Cheered Heartily i H'j The Associated Ptea?) TOKIO. Aug. M. - Czechoslovak forces from the maritime province of Siberia left for Harbin on August 8 over the Chinese Eastern Railway, it is officially announced. Along the l'?suri front, where the en? emy forces number 100.000, quiet pre? vails, Lt is said. The Bolsheviki and Austro-Germans are visibly affected by the arrival of Allied troops, and the number of desertions from their ranks is increasing, it is reported. VLADIVOSTOK, Aug. 15.?The tram port carrying the first contingent, of American troops arrived here this af? ternoon, after an uneventful voyage of seven and a half days from Manila. The men were in excellent spirits, and crowded the rails and ringing, cheering and being cheered by the men of the Allied warships in the harbor. The crowds on the waterfront, ap? peared amazed at, the noisy entry of the Americans, as contrasted witii that of their less demonstrative allies. Groups of Czechs about the docks were vociferous in their welcome of the Americans, who will bo kept aboard ship in port until the arrival of other transports, due to-morrow. The transport bearing the first con? tingent of Americans lay fojbound out? side the harbor for live hours before being able to enter the port. A lapanese contingent arrived to-day at Nikolskoye on its way to the Ussuri River front. General Diederichs, commander of the Cr.echo-Slovak forces in Siberia, has presented a memorandum to the Allied representative:; here setting forth the urgent need of speedy assistance on a large scale and that an advance on Irkutsk should he ordered. He points out that if the Allied forces do no: reach Irkutsk within six weeks the de? lay will be tantamount to the loss of all Western Siberia by the Czecho? slovaks Irkutsk .s reported hold by Czecho? slovak forces, but long sections of the railway te the east arc in Bolshevik hands. French Army Mission, Arrested by Soviets, Is Reported Freed PARIS, Aug. 13.- General Lavergne and the staff of the French military mission at Moscow, who were placed under arrest there at the lime the Al? lied consuls were taken into custody by the Bolsheviki. have been set a1 liberty, according to a Copenhagen dis? patch to the "Temps." Prince Rupprecht Takes a "Vacation" AMSTERDAM. Aug. 18.?The Munich correspondent of the Berlin "Tageblatt" announces the arrival in Munich from the front of Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria. The prince, the an? nouncement states, is enjoying a brief vacation. In a recent announcement from Paris it was stated that General Hans von Boehn, the German "re? treat specialist," had been ap? pointed to supreme German com? mand on the Somme front. The German withdrawal north of Al? bert was looked upon in Paris as the first move by General von Bochn in the application <-?r his re? treat tactic? Atrocities by Germans Are Described in Testimony of British Soldiers LONDON, Aug. IS. Details have been officially published for the first time of groas outrages on British pris? oners and wounded men committed by the Germans last March. Affidavits of Scotch soldiers testify to the authen? ticity of the chaiges. A private of the Royal High? landers tells how he and a number of comrades, consisting of one officer and fifteen men, ten of whom were wound? ed, were compelled to surrender near Monchy March 28. They were lined up in the original front line trench, and after some time a Cern?an officer and two men appeared. One of the men, under orders of the officer, turned a stream of liquid fire straight down the trench in which the Britishers were standing, and, notwithstanding the fact that they were unarmed, continued to spray them for six or seven minutes The private testified that he and a few of his companions who were able tc move scrambled down a communication trench and got over the top and bael into the British lines. .Men Burned in Trench Another private testified that he ant other prisoners were marched down t trench to an emplacement about 6 feei deep, 9 feet wide and from 9 to 12 feet ion^r. and, while tightly packed in tht inclosure, two Germans, one of v.'ho'rr carried a revolver and seemed to be ar officer, appeared. The other man hac a cylinder on his back, and attached t( it was a flexible pipo. "Just as he reached the entrance t( the inclosure." said the soldier, refer? ring to the man with the cylinder oi his back, "a flame spurted out in : stream from the pipe, and caught th? men who were nearest to the entrance The other men lay in heap? around am partly on me. I heard a hissing souik for a short time. Then it stopped, bu started again. During this time tin men were shrieking and writhing. Th< flame reached right back to where -.vas. Mj overcoat and tunic caught lire By this time all the men were on tin ground." The soldier added that h* managei to crawl up the slope and get away. Two Germans Use Fire Another soldier related how an of ficer, wounded in the head and foot and four other wounded and three un wounded men, including himself, wen in an old trench, when two German appeared and used liquid fire. One o the Germans, revolver in hand, ordere* the Britishers to get back to the Ger man line. The narrator said his hand and right ear were burned. Three o the party managed to escape and reac the British lines, but the German either must have suffocated or burne all the five wounded men. as nothin further had been heard from them. The British government has protest ed to the German government fgains these outrages. Lithuanians Oppose German-Named K.in<; Threaten Revolt if Ruler Unac ceptable to Them Is Appointed LONDON, Au(r. 18 The Lithuanian demand the right to name their ow King and refuse to recognize one o German appointment, according to a Amsterdam dispatch to the Exchanf Telegraph Company. The dispatch add that General I.udendorrT. fifrst quarter muster general of the German army, i in receipt of a solemn protest from th Lithuanian Diet against any attempt t name a Kir.?; unacceptable to the peopi of Lithuania, who threaten to revolt i case such action is taken. English Take Town, Push Ahead 1,000 To 2,000 Yds. Poilus Capture 400 of Foe and Drive For? ward South of the Avre Our Men Advance In Vosges Sectoi Italians Repulse Ne\* Austrian Attack on Piave With Heavy Losses August 19, ?:So A. M. The British yesterday captured th village of Outtersteen, bctwee Vieux Berquin and Bailleul, i Flanders, and advanced their lir on a four-mile front to a depth < 1,000 to 2,000 yards. Field Ma shal Haig announced last nigh Four hundred prisoners we taken. The scene of the action was on tl northwestern edge of the Gernii salient in th? Lys Valley, fro which Ludendorft" gradually h been withdrawing his mon, h the number of prisoners tak shows this action was not a nt voluntary retirement. On the Picardy front the Fren took -100 prisoners in actions y< terday south of the Avre Riv where the Allies are battling th< way toward Roye and Lassign; The Britis'n also advanced betwc Chilly and Fransart, to the noi of Roye. They likewise impro\ their positions south of ?uequ between Albert and Arras, wh the enemy has been giving up advanced posts and putting h self in a posture of defence. The Americans in Lorraine, foil* ing their capture of Frapelle, e of St. Die, on Saturday, ad van airain yesterday, despite a he; artillery fire and beat off a r attempted by the Germans. T now command one of the east gateways through the Vosges Germany. In Italy the Austrians attempted recapture the ?-let in th ? PI southwest of Grave <ii Papado] which they lost recently. D3 troops neat them bach, inflicl heavy losses and tailing si prisoners. Prisoners say reinforcements the Picardy front are now o1 brought up guarded by cavalr; prevent desertion. The state th? Germans also may be juci from the fact disclosed yester that the French victories in last battle were won with "sec divisions which are suppos?e be inferior to the shock divis organized and drilled e-peo; for attack. These presum second-rate troops showed c superiority over the command von der Marwitz and von Hu Second-Grade Men Won Brilliant Fren* Victories on the At 11, : The .-'. - at* I Presa > WITH THE FRENCH ARMY FRANCE, Aug. 18. The virtorie the French armies on '.he Avre ai Thiescourt were won by some o less renowned division?. which g ally are known as "sector dtvipi meaning divisions charged w:th inir p-irts of the line, while the du attacking the enemy is assigne units that have earned the title "i troop*." These divisions, without b gle pa?t to inspire them and without forcements to strengthen them tacked the Germans with an ardot shows thr- fine spirit displayed b; shock troops pervades the enGre i and tha' while ?cm* divisions are renowned than other.?, all ore w the srea'. ?ar?k ??fore them. The: called "sector divisions" h*v? ot