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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED First to Last ? the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisements WxiMnt WEATHER Fair to-day and to-morrow, not much change in temp?rature ; rent le west winds. Fut! Report on Fase S Vol. LXXVIII No. 26,220 [CopTlrht 1918? The Tribune Ais'n] FRIDAY, AUGUST 30, 1918 * * * __. , , -,- 5 In Greater New York ?mi TWO CK>TB j ?ItHin inramulinl ?Ustsne? THRICE CENTS Elsewhere Noyon and Bapaume Taken by Allies; German Defence Broken on Whole Line; American Troops Strike Above Soissons House Passes i Draft; Senate To Act To-day Conference Report Accept? ed Two Weeks After In? troduction of Bill Wilson Expected to Sign Immediately Boards Hereafter on Own Initiative Will Put Men in Deferred Class WASHINGTON, Aug. 29.?The House late to-day approved the conference draft of the man-power bill, extending selective service to include all men be? tween eighteen and forty-five years. The measure failed to reach the Sen? ate before adjournment, and its en? actment and transmission to President Wilson wer-3 postponed until to-morrow. Plans of leaders to rush through the bill to-day went awry through some miscalculations, but they were positive to-night that.the bill would be in the President's hands to-morrow within a few hours after the Senate recon? venes and probably signed by the Presi? dent before night. Even with to-day's delay^.leaUawJte. fave a record is established in the passage of so important a measure, di? rectly affecting the 13,000,000 men who will be added to the military rolls and untold millions of others indirectly, as the measure was reported to the Senate but two weeks ago to-day and passed both bodies almost unanimously. Minor Disputes in House Senate and House conferrees prompt? ly reached a formal agreement on the bill to-day, following removal yester? day of the "work or fight" amendment ?the principal obstacle. The confer? ence rep- i was adopted by the Hous? after con.:, .rabie criticism of miner features without a rollcall. Prompt approval to-morrow by the Senate of the conference agreement, which will be ?ailed up shortly after the noon convening hour, was predicted by leaders. Senator Thomas, of Colo? rado, author of the "work or fight" amendment, and others of it? cham? pions are expected to criticise its elim? ination by approval of the Senate con? ferrees. but there was doubt in no man's mind that the Senate also would Pve its approval to the conferrees' ?Mrrfcement. New Deferred Ruling After Provo3t Marshal General Crowder had explained that new in? structions will provide that draft boards and not registrants must initi? ate deferred classification claims, the ?onferrees to-day struck out the Pen rose amendment directing that regis? trants be not required to make or refuse to make such claims. General Crowder explained that the "enrose amendment would seriously ?aterfere with plans for the new regis? tration by preventing the use of mil? lions of blanks already printed. The conferrees also eliminated the amendment of Senator France, of Mary? land, providing for a badge or other '????ttnia for men deferred for indus? trial or other service. A Senate provision retained in some *??*'? changed form removes the restric against commissioning and admit '?*g to officers' training camps men ??a-ier twenty-one years of age. Senator Wadsworth's amendment ex , krt'iirg the draft to the navy anf ?w.ne Corps, by providing that mer "* allotted for those service?, wat r*t?ined. $*??? regulations drawn by Genera' Cruw-ier, but not vet approved by Sec '?Ury Elftker, Senator Chamberlain ex ??^?ned, provide that district and no? i<**l board? ?hall hav* principal juris ?etion over the granting of d?ferre? ?Ueetfteations, aidr-d by a new advisorj "*???M, componed of three members, on? ??Ypointed respectively by the secre ,!''" '"- Of Labor and Agriculture anr '?.* by the district hoard. The latte i *''??'. ?vivt?,*. the district board rn<-m *""? regarding loes] economic condi pm ?a applied te individual esses. toffittratitm data for men affseUt ?Jk* "xghteen- forty five draft bil '-'? be found on paae fr/ur. Cost of Living , ' Inquiry Begins Here To-day Labor Officials Ask House? wives to Assist Govern? ment With Figures The Department of Labor will start an intimate investigation in this city to-day to determine just how much more expensive it is to live now than formerly. The data which it intends to obtain are needed by the War Labor Board as a basis of awards in wage dispuates. In announcing its purpose in Washington yesterday the Depart? ment of Labor, made public also n. com? parative table showing: the rate of dol? lar shrinkage in six cities since 1913. It shows that what costs a dollar in New York to-day could be bought for 59 cents five years ago. The table fol? lows: July June July July 1018 1018 1017 1?113 Washington .$1.00 .08 .92 .54 Baltimore . 1.00 .98 .83 .54 Philadelphia _ 3.00 .07 .83 .57 New York. l.no .98 .86 .59 Chicago . 1.00 .07 .90 .59 San Francisco... 1.00 .98 .S'2 .63 Food that cost $1 in July, 1913, cost in July, 1918, as fol'ows: Washington .$1.85 Baltimore . 1.84 Philadelphia . 1.77 New York. 1.68 Chicago . 1.69 San Francisco. 1.58 The housewives of New York are re? lied upon by the Department of Labor to supply most of the information sought, and an appeal to their patriot? ism was made to insure their attention to the inquiries which will be made by a corps of special agents of the de ..mntment. Every a?-ent will carry identifying credentials and explain his purpose as he makes his door-to-door canvass asking women ho'-/ much it cost them in the last year to run the family. The canvassers will visit also retail shops to verify and amplify their information. Prohibition Wins Victory In U.S. Senate The Sheppard Compromise Amendment Passed by Viva Voce Vote All Efforts to Alter Measure Defeated Bill Provides for Ban on Sale or Import of Liquors After June 30, 1919 WASHINGTON. Aug. 29.?National l prohibition moved a considerable step I forward late to-day, when, without a record vote bejng taken or requested, i the Senate adopted the leaders' com j promis? on "bone dry" prohibition, ef j fectivc July 1, 1919, and continuing dur ! ing the war, and until the American ? troops are brought horre and demobil ; ized. The compromise, an amendment by Senator Sheppard, of Texas, prohibition ? leader, to the $11,000,000 emergency | agricultural appropriation bill, is ex | pected to remain in the measure under ? the harmony agreement of "wet" and ["dry" factions, although technically | subject to another vote. Passage of I the bill itself is planned to-morrow and i the measure will be returned to the i House, which is expected by prohibition ? advocates to accept the Senate pro i vision. J Efforts materially to change the ' Continued on page four Allies Defeat Bolsheviki in Siberian Battle _ Japanese Bear Brunt of Fighting; 300 of Foe Killed VLADIVOSTOK. Aug. 26.?-The en ' emy in considerable numbers attacked desperately along the Ussuri front last ? Saturday. All the Allied forces par? ticipated in the righting except the : Americans. Upward of three hundred : of the enemy were killed. The Japanese bore the brunt of the ? fighting. They captured two armored ? trains and several field guns. According to a wounded Czech, the ? Japanese, infuriated by finding muti j lated comrades on the battlefield, I charged and routed the enemy in the , face of heavy machine gun and rifle i fire. The Japanese report that the Allied ! troops are advancing steadily. Entente Allied and Czecho-Slovak ! patrols to-day succeeded in disarming ; all the Russian volunteers who had re I volted and had gone over to Lieutenant j General Horvath. the anti-Bolshevik I military leader in Siberia. After a discussion lasting an hour the Council of Commanders presented ! an ultimatum to the troops in revolt, . who numbered 400. They were told they , could return to the allegiance of Gcn i eral Tolstoff, thereby restoring the status quo; join General Semenoff's I forces in Manchuria or submit to dia I armament. Last night the Entente Allied and i Czecho-Slovak patrols appeared in the ! streets in the vicinity of the barracks | and virtually besieged the revotution ! aries. The latter apparently h a?! been ; warned and they closed their doorg to : the Allied forces. ? Eventually they submitted. Other developments in tlie Russian situation on page three. LET YOUR WAR ECONOMY BEGIN AT HOME French Tanks j Help Yankees Smash Ahead: Machine Gun Nests Are Crushed in Drive Over Juvigny Plateau _ I Heavy Guns Make Village Untenable Unquestioned Mastery of Air Is Established by Entente Airmen i R'j Tlin Associated Pre;*s) WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, Aug. 29.?Accom? panied by a fleet of tanks and; covered by a heavy artillery bar? rage, the Americans swept for-1 ward early to-day against the Ger? man lines, that slowly and reluctant? ly fell back over the Juvigny Pla? teau. The little operation carried out yesterday by the French and Americans had been merely prepar? atory to the attack which began at 7 o'clock this morning. The kink had been taken out of the line yes? terday, but no determined effort was made to advance to any extent. Late this afternoon the Ameri? cans held positions in the fighting line m the Soissons region extending in a northerly direction from Cha vigny. Foe Fighting Hard All the skill of General von , Schwerin, commanding the 7th ; Guard Division, is being exercised ! to hold back the Americans at their ; point in the line north of Soissons and save the Germans from the menace they would be under if the Allies occupied the plateau extend? ing further toward the east. Recovering before the day ended from the shock of the early morn? ing attack, von Schwerin brought into play his artillery and other re? sources in a desperate effort to check the movement. Equally determined efforts were made by those organ? izations in front of the French divis? ions on the right and left of the Americans. Reports from points on the line where the attack is in progress in? dicate that the Americans are con? fronted by what is believed by many to be one of the most determined stands yet taken by the Germans, who realize that a break at any point would likely be followed by disaster. Bitter Contest Expected The opinion seems to be that every yard of territory gained will be bitterly contested and that it is not improbable that villages and other objectives will be subject to the fate of capture and recapture many times before their possession is undisputed. The rapidity with which the gains were made by the Americans and French early in the day was not du? plicated in the afternoon, when the battle settled into a strong artil? lery duel, in which the guns of both sides fired often at direct targets and at unusually close range. The firing was continuous through? out the night on both sides, the Ger? man guns being especially active. The raina of the early evening ceased before the ground had been converted into mud, so, when the orders were given to-day, the men moved forward unimpeded. German Positions Shelled The German positions were shelled most vigorously by heavy guns, mor? tars and light pieces, firing almost point blank, as well as by long-range naval guns, which searched the posi? tions far and near. And then the infantry advanced. Up over the plateau the infantry? men went toward Juvigny and across the little railroad running north and south. The Germans immediately began to employ the tactics of simi ? lar retreats, leaving their rear de Covtinued on page three Berlin Officially Indicates Peronne j Has Been Evacuated BERLIN, Aug. 29.? The com muniqu? from General Headquarters this evening reads: "Southeast of Arras fresh engage- : ments developed in the afternoon. Forefield fighting took place in front of our new lines east of Bapaume and P?ronne and east of Noyon. In? fantry fighting took place on the Ailette. "Between the Ail^'te and the Aisne, specially strong attacks on French and Americans failed com? pletely, ?.vith very heavy enemy losses. So far more than fifty tanks are re? ported .-hot to pieces." British Airmen Terrorize All Rhine Valley Attack on Mannheim One of Most Skilful Projects Yet Undertaken < By Arthur S. Draper (Special Cable to The Tribune) Copyright. 1918. by The Tribune Association LONDON, Aug. 29.?In almost any weather the Allied aeroplanes are now making bombing excursions to German towns, up and down the Rhine Valley. | Darkness and rain no longer bar the j aviators, who attack the enemy works I in constantly increasing numbers and ? with ever growing daring. i The attack on Mannheim, where the 'planes almost grazed the chimneys ; of munition plants, stands out as one ; of the most successful and skilful en ; tsrprises the British have undertaken. Munitions Output Delayed I have obtained data of the work j accomplished by the independent air ., forces during July. These fliers devote i particular attention to military objec i tives, such as poison gas works, docks, ! railways and aerdromes, and nearly all their attacks are delivered at a low al [ titude, thus insuring satisfactory re i suits. There is nothing indiscriminate about their attacks. They have definite objectives and have succeeded in disor? ganizing and delaying the production and delivery of munition stores. The British have conclusive proof of the great practical and moral effects of these raids, both locally aid on gen? eral operations of the German com? mand. In some cases the British ma? chines have been attacked by enemy aeroplanes and anti-aircraft gunfire, but the losses have not been in propor? tion to the excellent results. Heavy losses have been inflicted on German airmen in these raids. Dur July ninety-six raids were made into Germany and a total of eighty-one tons of bombs were dropped, as compared to seventy-four raids and sixty-one and a quarter tons during June. August figures are likely to surpass those of July. During July Coblentz was raided three times, Mannheim four, Metz five, Oppenbuvg seven, Saarbr?cken three, Stuttgart two, Thionville five and Tr?ves two. As a direct result of the raids the Germans have been forced to withdraw many 'planes from the fighting front and a great number of anti-aircraft guns have been set up to protect, towns along the Rhine. Air raid shelters have been built in many places. German Morale Lowered That the morale of the Germans in the raided districts has been greatly lowered is shown by the frequpnt de? mands of the West German newspapers for stronger defences. Many Germans have moved into the interior of the country and rents in the districts free from attack have jumped two or three fold. It is not unlikely that the demand will be made in the Reichstag that the government make overtures to the Allies to come to a mutual agreement not to raid districts outside the fight? ing zone. AMSTERDAM, Aug. 29- The chief cities and towns of the Rhine district have formed a permanent committee to deal wi*h the increasing menace of Allied air raids, says the "Cologne Ga? zette." U. S. Pays Out $156,000,000, Largest Day's War Expense WASHINGTON. Aug. 29.?The gov ; ernment to-day paid out $156,000,000 : for ordinary war expenses, making the , largest single day's expenditures for I these purposes in the nation's history. This was in addition to disbursing $20,000,000 on foreign loans and a number of minor expenses. British Sweep Across Somme In New Drive Hindenburg's Army Falls Back to New Lines as Allies Tear Through Their Ranks for Gains Along Whole Front of More Than Fifty Miles Many More Villages Are Captured, With Thousands of Prisoners Anzacs Advance to Within Three Miles of P?ronne and Are Closing In Upon Combles; French Carry Lines to the Out? skirts of Ham _ The Allied armies yesterday captured Noyon and Bapaume in bitter fighting- and reached the vicinity of Ham. Along a forty-mile front, from below Arras to the Oise Foch's armies swept forward for new gains of four miles at some points, forcing the enemy to fall back rapidly, throwing forces across the Somme south of P?ronne, where they have outflanked that city, entering many villages and taking large numbers of prisoners. Along the whole front the German defence has given way and at many points only desperate thrusts of the enemy's real guards have met the new assaults of the Anglo-French forces The main body of Hindenburg's army is falling back to nev defensive positions to the east. In their drive on Peronne Haig's troops captured the vil lages of Ginchy, Belloy, Assevillers, Herbecourt, Feuilleres Lesboeufs, Mor val, Combles and Guillemont. Humbert Rushes Across Canal du Nord On the British right the French First and Third armie attacked on both sides of the German pocket at Noyor Debeney's army reaching the Canal du Nord, stretching to th north, along almost its entire length, and Humbert's army push ing across the Oise from the south and reaching the village c Happlincourt and the slopes of Mount St. Simeon, a mile north east of Noyon. Mangin's French Tenth Army struck again at the Germa flank above Soissons, throwing forces across the Ailette on five-mile front north and south of Champs, capturing the vi iages of Guny and Pont St. Mard. Franco-American forces further south wrested Juvigr from the enemy. Tanks Sweep Germans From Strongholds After heavy all-night fighting the Allied armies attack?! with tanks and stormed their way forward against strong defended positions, gaining their objectives and driving tl enemy to the broken ground to the east. The French we forced to yield their positions in Chavigny won Wednesday. There was sharp fighting on both sides of the Scarpe, b neither side attacked in force. The Germans are defendii fiercely their old defences on the Drocourt-Queant line, fro which the British are now only 1,200 yards distant. Germans South of the Somme Flee Before Australian Attack <Bij The. Associnted Prcjte) f WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IN j FRANCE, Aug. 29 ( % ?>. m >.?The ! British forces gained additional ground ! to-day. There ha3 been hard fighting in the Scarpe region, where the Ger- j man resistance is being sustained re- ; gardless of cost in an effort to save their Drocourt-Queant line. As a mat? ter of fact, this line is still intact, but ! this is solely because the British have j ? not actually carried out any assaults ' against it. In the operations to-day there was desperate fighting, this for the purpose ! of straightening out the British line and pushing closes to the enemy posi? tions. Individual Germans in this lo? cality, as at other places, are showing j increased dislike for the war that is going against them. But in a body and under the watchful eyes of their ofn , cers. who, incidentally, have been ? forced to shoot some of the men for refusing to obey orders, the enemy is offering the stifTeat resistance. South of the Somme the Germans are retreating before the Australians. The French to the south having reached the banks of the Somme back waters, the Australians ?re en gaged in clearing the enemy from the small bit of ground remaining to him west and south of the river within the angle created by its course. Bapaume has virtually been sur? rounded for several days. British pa? trols having been in its western out? skirts, and it has just unofficially been r"ported to have fallen. South of Bapaume the battle con? tinues. This afternoon the British were east of Maureas and Combles, while Ginchy and Guillemont have been stormed and captured. The British are pushing on. Germans. Desert Machine Guns Other British troops this afternoon beat down the opposit'on and are mov? ing through Thilloy. just south of Ba? paume. The whole British line her* seems to be on the move. The Ger? mans are. falling back, leaving larr? numbers of machine gun3 on the ground out of which they are being pushed. , By this movement the British *f? thrustincr out with the object of mak? ing their line? conform with those In the north with respect to the, old Hin denburg Une. By r??ion of the U?t