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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 30, 1918, Image 1

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First to Last ? the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisements
Fair to-day and to-morrow, not much
change in temp?rature ; rent le
west winds.
Fut! Report on Fase S
Vol. LXXVIII No. 26,220
[CopTlrht 1918?
The Tribune Ais'n]
* * *
__. , , -,- 5 In Greater New York ?mi
TWO CK>TB j ?ItHin inramulinl ?Ustsne?
Noyon and Bapaume Taken by Allies;
German Defence Broken on Whole Line;
American Troops Strike Above Soissons
House Passes i
Draft; Senate
To Act To-day
Conference Report Accept?
ed Two Weeks After In?
troduction of Bill
Wilson Expected to
Sign Immediately
Boards Hereafter on Own
Initiative Will Put Men
in Deferred Class
WASHINGTON, Aug. 29.?The House
late to-day approved the conference
draft of the man-power bill, extending
selective service to include all men be?
tween eighteen and forty-five years.
The measure failed to reach the Sen?
ate before adjournment, and its en?
actment and transmission to President
Wilson wer-3 postponed until to-morrow.
Plans of leaders to rush through the
bill to-day went awry through some
miscalculations, but they were positive
to-night that.the bill would be in the
President's hands to-morrow within a
few hours after the Senate recon?
venes and probably signed by the Presi?
dent before night.
Even with to-day's delay^.leaUawJte.
fave a record is established in the
passage of so important a measure, di?
rectly affecting the 13,000,000 men who
will be added to the military rolls and
untold millions of others indirectly, as
the measure was reported to the Senate
but two weeks ago to-day and passed
both bodies almost unanimously.
Minor Disputes in House
Senate and House conferrees prompt?
ly reached a formal agreement on the
bill to-day, following removal yester?
day of the "work or fight" amendment
?the principal obstacle. The confer?
ence rep- i was adopted by the Hous?
after con.:, .rabie criticism of miner
features without a rollcall.
Prompt approval to-morrow by the
Senate of the conference agreement,
which will be ?ailed up shortly after
the noon convening hour, was predicted
by leaders. Senator Thomas, of Colo?
rado, author of the "work or fight"
amendment, and others of it? cham?
pions are expected to criticise its elim?
ination by approval of the Senate con?
ferrees. but there was doubt in no
man's mind that the Senate also would
Pve its approval to the conferrees'
New Deferred Ruling
After Provo3t Marshal General
Crowder had explained that new in?
structions will provide that draft
boards and not registrants must initi?
ate deferred classification claims, the
?onferrees to-day struck out the Pen
rose amendment directing that regis?
trants be not required to make or
refuse to make such claims.
General Crowder explained that the
"enrose amendment would seriously
?aterfere with plans for the new regis?
tration by preventing the use of mil?
lions of blanks already printed.
The conferrees also eliminated the
amendment of Senator France, of Mary?
land, providing for a badge or other
'????ttnia for men deferred for indus?
trial or other service.
A Senate provision retained in some
*??*'? changed form removes the restric
against commissioning and admit
'?*g to officers' training camps men
??a-ier twenty-one years of age.
Senator Wadsworth's amendment ex
, krt'iirg the draft to the navy anf
?w.ne Corps, by providing that mer
"* allotted for those service?, wat
$*??? regulations drawn by Genera'
Cruw-ier, but not vet approved by Sec
'?Ury Elftker, Senator Chamberlain ex
??^?ned, provide that district and no?
i<**l board? ?hall hav* principal juris
?etion over the granting of d?ferre?
?Ueetfteations, aidr-d by a new advisorj
"*???M, componed of three members, on?
??Ypointed respectively by the secre
,!''" '"- Of Labor and Agriculture anr
'?.* by the district hoard. The latte i
*''??'. ?vivt?,*. the district board rn<-m
*""? regarding loes] economic condi
pm ?a applied te individual esses.
toffittratitm data for men affseUt
?Jk* "xghteen- forty five draft bil
'-'? be found on paae fr/ur.
Cost of Living , '
Inquiry Begins
Here To-day
Labor Officials Ask House?
wives to Assist Govern?
ment With Figures
The Department of Labor will start
an intimate investigation in this city
to-day to determine just how much
more expensive it is to live now than
formerly. The data which it intends
to obtain are needed by the War Labor
Board as a basis of awards in wage
dispuates. In announcing its purpose
in Washington yesterday the Depart?
ment of Labor, made public also n. com?
parative table showing: the rate of dol?
lar shrinkage in six cities since 1913.
It shows that what costs a dollar in
New York to-day could be bought for
59 cents five years ago. The table fol?
July June July July
1018 1018 1017 1?113
Washington .$1.00 .08 .92 .54
Baltimore . 1.00 .98 .83 .54
Philadelphia _ 3.00 .07 .83 .57
New York. l.no .98 .86 .59
Chicago . 1.00 .07 .90 .59
San Francisco... 1.00 .98 .S'2 .63
Food that cost $1 in July, 1913, cost
in July, 1918, as fol'ows:
Washington .$1.85
Baltimore . 1.84
Philadelphia . 1.77
New York. 1.68
Chicago . 1.69
San Francisco. 1.58
The housewives of New York are re?
lied upon by the Department of Labor
to supply most of the information
sought, and an appeal to their patriot?
ism was made to insure their attention
to the inquiries which will be made by
a corps of special agents of the de
..mntment. Every a?-ent will carry
identifying credentials and explain his
purpose as he makes his door-to-door
canvass asking women ho'-/ much it
cost them in the last year to run the
family. The canvassers will visit also
retail shops to verify and amplify their
Wins Victory
In U.S. Senate
The Sheppard Compromise
Amendment Passed by
Viva Voce Vote
All Efforts to Alter
Measure Defeated
Bill Provides for Ban on
Sale or Import of Liquors
After June 30, 1919
WASHINGTON. Aug. 29.?National
l prohibition moved a considerable step
I forward late to-day, when, without a
record vote bejng taken or requested,
i the Senate adopted the leaders' com
j promis? on "bone dry" prohibition, ef
j fectivc July 1, 1919, and continuing dur
! ing the war, and until the American
? troops are brought horre and demobil
; ized.
The compromise, an amendment by
Senator Sheppard, of Texas, prohibition
? leader, to the $11,000,000 emergency
| agricultural appropriation bill, is ex
| pected to remain in the measure under
? the harmony agreement of "wet" and
["dry" factions, although technically
| subject to another vote. Passage of
I the bill itself is planned to-morrow and
i the measure will be returned to the
i House, which is expected by prohibition
? advocates to accept the Senate pro
i vision.
J Efforts materially to change the
' Continued on page four
Allies Defeat
Bolsheviki in
Siberian Battle
Japanese Bear Brunt of
Fighting; 300 of Foe
VLADIVOSTOK. Aug. 26.?-The en
' emy in considerable numbers attacked
desperately along the Ussuri front last
? Saturday. All the Allied forces par?
ticipated in the righting except the
: Americans. Upward of three hundred
: of the enemy were killed.
The Japanese bore the brunt of the
? fighting. They captured two armored
? trains and several field guns.
According to a wounded Czech, the
? Japanese, infuriated by finding muti
j lated comrades on the battlefield,
I charged and routed the enemy in the
, face of heavy machine gun and rifle
i fire.
The Japanese report that the Allied
! troops are advancing steadily.
Entente Allied and Czecho-Slovak
! patrols to-day succeeded in disarming
; all the Russian volunteers who had re
I volted and had gone over to Lieutenant
j General Horvath. the anti-Bolshevik
I military leader in Siberia.
After a discussion lasting an hour
the Council of Commanders presented
! an ultimatum to the troops in revolt,
. who numbered 400. They were told they
, could return to the allegiance of Gcn
i eral Tolstoff, thereby restoring the
status quo; join General Semenoff's
I forces in Manchuria or submit to dia
I armament.
Last night the Entente Allied and
i Czecho-Slovak patrols appeared in the
! streets in the vicinity of the barracks
| and virtually besieged the revotution
! aries. The latter apparently h a?! been
; warned and they closed their doorg to
: the Allied forces.
? Eventually they submitted.
Other developments in tlie Russian
situation on page three.
French Tanks j
Help Yankees
Smash Ahead:
Machine Gun Nests Are
Crushed in Drive Over
Juvigny Plateau
_ I
Heavy Guns Make
Village Untenable
Unquestioned Mastery of
Air Is Established by
Entente Airmen
i R'j Tlin Associated Pre;*s)
IN FRANCE, Aug. 29.?Accom?
panied by a fleet of tanks and;
covered by a heavy artillery bar?
rage, the Americans swept for-1
ward early to-day against the Ger?
man lines, that slowly and reluctant?
ly fell back over the Juvigny Pla?
teau. The little operation carried
out yesterday by the French and
Americans had been merely prepar?
atory to the attack which began at
7 o'clock this morning. The kink
had been taken out of the line yes?
terday, but no determined effort was
made to advance to any extent.
Late this afternoon the Ameri?
cans held positions in the fighting
line m the Soissons region extending
in a northerly direction from Cha
Foe Fighting Hard
All the skill of General von
, Schwerin, commanding the 7th
; Guard Division, is being exercised
! to hold back the Americans at their
; point in the line north of Soissons
and save the Germans from the
menace they would be under if the
Allies occupied the plateau extend?
ing further toward the east.
Recovering before the day ended
from the shock of the early morn?
ing attack, von Schwerin brought
into play his artillery and other re?
sources in a desperate effort to check
the movement. Equally determined
efforts were made by those organ?
izations in front of the French divis?
ions on the right and left of the
Reports from points on the line
where the attack is in progress in?
dicate that the Americans are con?
fronted by what is believed by many
to be one of the most determined
stands yet taken by the Germans,
who realize that a break at any
point would likely be followed by
Bitter Contest Expected
The opinion seems to be that
every yard of territory gained will
be bitterly contested and that it is
not improbable that villages and
other objectives will be subject to
the fate of capture and recapture
many times before their possession
is undisputed.
The rapidity with which the gains
were made by the Americans and
French early in the day was not du?
plicated in the afternoon, when the
battle settled into a strong artil?
lery duel, in which the guns of both
sides fired often at direct targets
and at unusually close range.
The firing was continuous through?
out the night on both sides, the Ger?
man guns being especially active.
The raina of the early evening
ceased before the ground had been
converted into mud, so, when the
orders were given to-day, the men
moved forward unimpeded.
German Positions Shelled
The German positions were shelled
most vigorously by heavy guns, mor?
tars and light pieces, firing almost
point blank, as well as by long-range
naval guns, which searched the posi?
tions far and near. And then the
infantry advanced.
Up over the plateau the infantry?
men went toward Juvigny and across
the little railroad running north and
south. The Germans immediately
began to employ the tactics of simi
? lar retreats, leaving their rear de
Covtinued on page three
Berlin Officially
Indicates Peronne j
Has Been Evacuated
BERLIN, Aug. 29.? The com
muniqu? from General Headquarters
this evening reads:
"Southeast of Arras fresh engage- :
ments developed in the afternoon.
Forefield fighting took place in front
of our new lines east of Bapaume
and P?ronne and east of Noyon. In?
fantry fighting took place on the
"Between the Ail^'te and the
Aisne, specially strong attacks on
French and Americans failed com?
pletely, ?.vith very heavy enemy losses.
So far more than fifty tanks are re?
ported .-hot to pieces."
British Airmen
Terrorize All
Rhine Valley
Attack on Mannheim One
of Most Skilful Projects
Yet Undertaken
< By Arthur S. Draper
(Special Cable to The Tribune)
Copyright. 1918. by The Tribune Association
LONDON, Aug. 29.?In almost any
weather the Allied aeroplanes are now
making bombing excursions to German
towns, up and down the Rhine Valley.
| Darkness and rain no longer bar the
j aviators, who attack the enemy works
I in constantly increasing numbers and
? with ever growing daring.
i The attack on Mannheim, where the
'planes almost grazed the chimneys
; of munition plants, stands out as one
; of the most successful and skilful en
; tsrprises the British have undertaken.
Munitions Output Delayed
I have obtained data of the work
j accomplished by the independent air
., forces during July. These fliers devote
i particular attention to military objec
i tives, such as poison gas works, docks,
! railways and aerdromes, and nearly all
their attacks are delivered at a low al
[ titude, thus insuring satisfactory re
i suits. There is nothing indiscriminate
about their attacks. They have definite
objectives and have succeeded in disor?
ganizing and delaying the production
and delivery of munition stores.
The British have conclusive proof of
the great practical and moral effects of
these raids, both locally aid on gen?
eral operations of the German com?
mand. In some cases the British ma?
chines have been attacked by enemy
aeroplanes and anti-aircraft gunfire,
but the losses have not been in propor?
tion to the excellent results.
Heavy losses have been inflicted on
German airmen in these raids. Dur
July ninety-six raids were made into
Germany and a total of eighty-one tons
of bombs were dropped, as compared to
seventy-four raids and sixty-one and
a quarter tons during June. August
figures are likely to surpass those of
During July Coblentz was raided
three times, Mannheim four, Metz five,
Oppenbuvg seven, Saarbr?cken three,
Stuttgart two, Thionville five and
Tr?ves two.
As a direct result of the raids the
Germans have been forced to withdraw
many 'planes from the fighting front
and a great number of anti-aircraft
guns have been set up to protect, towns
along the Rhine. Air raid shelters have
been built in many places.
German Morale Lowered
That the morale of the Germans in
the raided districts has been greatly
lowered is shown by the frequpnt de?
mands of the West German newspapers
for stronger defences. Many Germans
have moved into the interior of the
country and rents in the districts free
from attack have jumped two or three
It is not unlikely that the demand
will be made in the Reichstag that the
government make overtures to the
Allies to come to a mutual agreement
not to raid districts outside the fight?
ing zone.
AMSTERDAM, Aug. 29- The chief
cities and towns of the Rhine district
have formed a permanent committee to
deal wi*h the increasing menace of
Allied air raids, says the "Cologne Ga?
U. S. Pays Out $156,000,000,
Largest Day's War Expense
WASHINGTON. Aug. 29.?The gov
; ernment to-day paid out $156,000,000
: for ordinary war expenses, making the
, largest single day's expenditures for
I these purposes in the nation's history.
This was in addition to disbursing
$20,000,000 on foreign loans and a
number of minor expenses.
British Sweep
Across Somme
In New Drive
Hindenburg's Army Falls Back to New Lines
as Allies Tear Through Their Ranks for
Gains Along Whole Front of
More Than Fifty Miles
Many More Villages Are Captured,
With Thousands of Prisoners
Anzacs Advance to Within Three Miles of
P?ronne and Are Closing In Upon Combles;
French Carry Lines to the Out?
skirts of Ham
The Allied armies yesterday captured Noyon and Bapaume
in bitter fighting- and reached the vicinity of Ham.
Along a forty-mile front, from below Arras to the Oise
Foch's armies swept forward for new gains of four miles at
some points, forcing the enemy to fall back rapidly, throwing
forces across the Somme south of P?ronne, where they have
outflanked that city, entering many villages and taking large
numbers of prisoners.
Along the whole front the German defence has given way
and at many points only desperate thrusts of the enemy's real
guards have met the new assaults of the Anglo-French forces
The main body of Hindenburg's army is falling back to nev
defensive positions to the east.
In their drive on Peronne Haig's troops captured the vil
lages of Ginchy, Belloy, Assevillers, Herbecourt, Feuilleres
Lesboeufs, Mor val, Combles and Guillemont.
Humbert Rushes Across Canal du Nord
On the British right the French First and Third armie
attacked on both sides of the German pocket at Noyor
Debeney's army reaching the Canal du Nord, stretching to th
north, along almost its entire length, and Humbert's army push
ing across the Oise from the south and reaching the village c
Happlincourt and the slopes of Mount St. Simeon, a mile north
east of Noyon.
Mangin's French Tenth Army struck again at the Germa
flank above Soissons, throwing forces across the Ailette on
five-mile front north and south of Champs, capturing the vi
iages of Guny and Pont St. Mard.
Franco-American forces further south wrested Juvigr
from the enemy.
Tanks Sweep Germans From Strongholds
After heavy all-night fighting the Allied armies attack?!
with tanks and stormed their way forward against strong
defended positions, gaining their objectives and driving tl
enemy to the broken ground to the east. The French we
forced to yield their positions in Chavigny won Wednesday.
There was sharp fighting on both sides of the Scarpe, b
neither side attacked in force. The Germans are defendii
fiercely their old defences on the Drocourt-Queant line, fro
which the British are now only 1,200 yards distant.
Germans South of the Somme
Flee Before Australian Attack
<Bij The. Associnted Prcjte) f
FRANCE, Aug. 29 ( % ?>. m >.?The !
British forces gained additional ground !
to-day. There ha3 been hard fighting
in the Scarpe region, where the Ger- j
man resistance is being sustained re- ;
gardless of cost in an effort to save
their Drocourt-Queant line. As a mat?
ter of fact, this line is still intact, but
! this is solely because the British have j
? not actually carried out any assaults '
against it.
In the operations to-day there was
desperate fighting, this for the purpose
! of straightening out the British line
and pushing closes to the enemy posi?
tions. Individual Germans in this lo?
cality, as at other places, are showing
j increased dislike for the war that is
going against them. But in a body and
under the watchful eyes of their ofn
, cers. who, incidentally, have been
? forced to shoot some of the men for
refusing to obey orders, the enemy is
offering the stifTeat resistance.
South of the Somme the Germans are
retreating before the Australians. The
French to the south having reached
the banks of the Somme back
waters, the Australians ?re en
gaged in clearing the enemy from
the small bit of ground remaining to
him west and south of the river within
the angle created by its course.
Bapaume has virtually been sur?
rounded for several days. British pa?
trols having been in its western out?
skirts, and it has just unofficially been
r"ported to have fallen.
South of Bapaume the battle con?
tinues. This afternoon the British were
east of Maureas and Combles, while
Ginchy and Guillemont have been
stormed and captured. The British are
pushing on.
Germans. Desert Machine Guns
Other British troops this afternoon
beat down the opposit'on and are mov?
ing through Thilloy. just south of Ba?
paume. The whole British line her*
seems to be on the move. The Ger?
mans are. falling back, leaving larr?
numbers of machine gun3 on the
ground out of which they are being
pushed. ,
By this movement the British *f?
thrustincr out with the object of mak?
ing their line? conform with those In
the north with respect to the, old Hin
denburg Une. By r??ion of the U?t

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