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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED ^mW^^ jr.* ?a ?_ T Voi, LXXVTII No. 26,235 fCopyrlght. 1918, New York Tribune Inc T First to Last?the Truth: News - Editorials ? Advertisements SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1918 (Mtrone WEATHER Fair Saturday and Sunday. Little change in temperature. Moderate west winds becoming variable. Full Report on Pa*? 10 qp ?*p qp r^i TWO CENTS 5 In Greater New Yrtrk and / within roromutlnic dltttunre THREE CENTS Elsewhere Work or Fight, Wilson Tells War Strikers President Threatens to Put Bridgeport Workers on Blacklist Smith & Wesson Plant Taken Over Awards Must Be Accepted by Employers and Em? ployes Alike (5ji, al ["-pitch to The Tribune) WASHINGTON, Sept. 13.-President Wilson to-day '.ook dra>tic step.; to im? presa bot! employers and workers that the decisions ?r the National War Labor Board are final, and that the I'fderal government will not count? enance any attempt on the part of cither cari'.al er labor to resort to force to compel modification or suspen? sion of the War Labor Board's awards. The President to-day authorized the War Department to take over and oper? ate the Smith ?S: Wesson Company's plant for refusal to accent the War Lcbor Board's award, and at the same time warned the 4,000 striking machin? ists at ?nugepcrt, Conn., that unless they immediately returned to work they would be barred from employment in all plants working on government contracts, and that claims to exemp? tion from military service on industrial (pounds would be rejected. TV effect of the President's inter? vention was to make clear that labor disputes would not be allowed to inter? fere with production necessary to the winning of the war. He pointed out ?hat the few employers who refused to co-operate with the government would be severely dealt with in justice to the great majority who are working in full unity with the nation's plans. The determination of the President to stand squarely behind the National War Labor Board is clearly expressed in his letter to the Bridgeport machin? ists. President Wilson's Letter 'the President's letter wa3 addressed 'o the Bridgeport District Lodge of the lnternatioral Association of Machinists "and oilier striking workmen of Bridge? port, Conn." It follows: "Gentlemen : "I am in Tcceipt of your resolu? tions of September 6 announcing that }ou have begun a strike against your employers in Bridgeport, Conn. You are members of the Bridgeport branch of the International Association of Machinists. As such and with the approval of the national officers of your union you signed an agreement to submit the questions as to the terms of your employment to the National War Labor Board and to abide the award which in accordance with the rules of procedure approved by me might be made. "The members of the board vvcnj not able to reach a unanimous con? clusion on all the issues presented, '?'id as provided in its constitution the questions; upon which they did not agree were carried before an arbitra? tor, the unanimous choice of the members of the board. Reflects on Honesty of I-abor the arbitrator thus chosen has j "?ade an award which more than 90 ''< P? cent 0f the workers affected < accept. You, who constitute less than : 10 Per cent, refuse to abide by the ! ?ward, although you are the best P?'d of the whole body of workers j affected and arc, therefore, least en- ! Mied to press a further increase of j wage? because of the high cost of j v>ng. But whatever the merits of ; t;|p issue, it is dosed by the award, j our strike against it is a breach of ' faith calculated to reflect on the sin- ; "n,v of national organized labor in ! Proclaiming its acceptance of the ! Principles and machinery of the Na "??1 War Labor Board. "H such disregard of the solemn ?ojudication of a tribunal to which goth Parties submitted their claims c m,, t,0med Wlth- agreements be ?r, n ,7" SCrap,S ?\ paper' If "Mrs >r?Ph'l? awaIds Jhe p?-?p? remedy '* subm ssion to the award, with an application for rehearing to t? e tri" vari Bf/P.^rike against the ?-"-ird is disloyalty and dishonor. Must Enforce Compliance "The Smith & Wesson Comnanv of Continued on last page Petrograd Taken; Bolsheviki Driven Out in Revolt PARIS, Sept. 13.?Dispatches received by English newspapers through Helsingfors announce that Petrograd has been taken by the anti-revolutionists. This evidently refers to the peasant mobs which were reported as having marched into Petrograd where street fighting was going on with supporters of the Soviets. U.S. Industries Board Enters Hearst Fight American News Co. Asked Why Unwanted Papers Are Forced on Venders The War Industries Board, which some months ago ordered the conser? vation of news pr;nt paper, has asked the newsdealers if the practise of the American News Company of forcing them to take Hearst papers they can? not sell has been discontinued. Joseph A. Sultan, to whom the inquiry of the board was addressed, yesterday replied in the negative. With his reply went affidavits sus? taining his answer, and a request that the Board either send a representative to take up the case with the newsdeal? ers or permit the dealers to send a committee to Washington to present their case. This action of the board follows the appeal of the several organizations of newsdealers to Hugh Frayne, the labor member of the board, for protection against this effort to force them to how to Hearst's will. Admission by Dean David Dean, the geiiTal manag? r of the American News Company, admitted yesterday that the pulp and paper sec tion of the board had taken the matter up with his company. "We told the board that, so far ns this company is concerned, the practice complained of by the dealers docs not exist," said Mr. Dean. "The statement that thousands of papers are being wasted through faults of ours in un? true. We are sending 'Americans' only to those who order them. "Where dealers send in a personal order to cancel 'Americans' the order is respected." This denial, Mr. Sultan said lust night, was technical. He was satisfied, he said, that he could prove to the full satisfaction of the board that, not only has the American News Company sen?, immense quantities of "Americans" to dealers who tried to cut them off, but still is doing so. Dealers Make Complaint The complaint of the venders to the War Industries Board was that this practice, of the American News Com patiy, in its efforts to help Hearst win his tight to keep the dealers under his control, was in effect a most serious violation of the orders of the board that paper be conserved, and offset its at? tempts to save paper by making news? papers non-returnable. By attempting to force the dealers to take papers they could not sell, the dealers said, Hearst would manage to keep hi* circulation figures up, though thousands of the pa? pers would serve no purpose whatever and the unfortunate dealers would be out large sums. With the loss of this important weapon against the dealers in sight, the Hearst crowd yesterday resorted to new tactics to force the dealers to cease their revolt against his methods. This developed when a flying squadron of husky youths took position outside the store of Mark Moskowitz, president of the Harlem Newsdealers' Associa? tion, whose place of business is at lOSo Seventh Avenue. They made their appearance, armed with all of the papers except The Trib Continued on last page New Draftees Off for Camp Next Month Serial Numbers Already Being Issued to Thurs? day's Registrants 14 Million Men Enrolled Thursday Induction of 91,000 Now Available Here Will Begin Immediately A generous proportion of the pro? spective soldiers who will entrain nex* month as part of New York City's regula? contribution to the Nation?.) Army will be composed of Thursday's draft, registrants of the preferred age, nineteen and twenty and thirty-two to thirty-six, inclusive. Captain David Asch, who was in charge of the office of the Director of the Draft yesterday in the lemporary absence of Martin Conboy, made this statement. At. the same time woril was received from Washington that fourteen million men had enrolled for the drai . The work of compiling and forward ing the returns on the registration was accomplished so speedily that the as? signing of serial numbers by the draft boards was under way, in some in? stances, scarcely an hour after the polls closed. Serial numbers were given to the registrants of June 5 1917, but in the two subsequent reg istrations of men turned twenty-on* the order in which a man registere: was the numeral which represented hin in the lottery. This draft will hi characterized by a return to the seria number system. Draft Drawing Next Week "With the serial numbers assigned,' Captain Asch declared yesterday, "tin drawing at Washington will follow im mediately. This should take place from present indications, on nex Tuesday or Wednesday. Question naires will be mailed to registrants o the preferred class?"*, as soon there after as possible." The classifying of all new regi? iran?s must, not necessarily be com pleted before any of the men eau b inducted into service, Captain Asch de elarcd. "As soon as a man either waives ex emption or is found to be withou adequate claim." he said, "he will b listed as ready for call to cxamin? tion. Classification is subject to cor stant change, and for this reason w can go ahead with inductions withou waiting for the complete grouping." 1,100,000 Draftees Here There are 1,400,000 men on the drai rolls of New York City, including me of all registrations, who have not bee inducted into service, according to ii; ures given out at Mr. Conboy's offic It was announced in June that tr. Class 1 A men of the June. 1917, ret istration had practically all been it due'ed into the service. Since the slightly mere than 50,00?) men, newl attained twenty-one, registered; M7,0( in June, 19 i S, and K!,000 on Augu 24 last. A majority of the. men of the seeor two registrations who were physical fit and without dependents, have bei sped campward. The departures fro the city have been quietly, but stcai ils, proceeding, made up largely i youths twenty-one years old. It is estimated that there will 1 350,000 men of nineteen-twenty ai from thirty-two-thirty-six in New Yoi City. About 26 per cent of these wi it is believed, be placed in Class Under this proportion 01,000 men wi be available for immediate inductio This number was unexpectedly i creased by the registration of a lar number of men who should have e rolled for the first draft. Practical i.one of these were wilful delinquen but had failed to register because of misunderstanding of the age limi They willingly inrolled and there we few arrests. Draft officials were astonished at t comparatively small number of alie who registered. There were appro: matoly 131,000 in the entire city, i elusive of all classes, declarants, nc declarants not enemies, and enei aliens. Manhattan, with its registi t'ion of 343,398 men. showed the sm total of aliens of 30,000, of which oi 8,000 were enemy aliens. Brooklvn led in number of alie registered, with 00,000, 10,000 of win are enemy aliens._ Students' trailing at colleges to called every three months?on pa four. i Peace Nearer Than Supposed, Hertling Says German Government and Military Leaders Now Ready to End War Policy of Conquest Reported Abandoned Vice-Chancellor Voices Willingness to Give Up Seized Areas LONDON, Sept. 13. Notwithstanding the declination of Germany's peace of? fer. Count von Hertling, the Imperial German Chancellor, is convinced that. peace is nearer than is generally sup? posed, according to an address made by the Chancellor before the trades union? ist lenders in Germany, says a dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph from Copen? hagen. The Chancellor declared that both the German government and army lead ers desired an understanding and peace. Count von Hertling said the govern? ment and the army leaders were against all conquests. As soon ns he was convinced of the impossibility of an agreement with the upper house, on the suffrage question, the Chancellor said, he would dissolve the lower house. Right to Indemnity Abandoned by Huns, Von Payer Asserts AMSTERDAM, Sept.. 12. -Reiterating that Germany," as the innocent and at? tacked party" in the war, had a right to demand indemnification, Fredrich von Payer, the German Imperial Yiee Chancellor, in his speech to-day at Stuttgart said that "we prefer on calm reflection, and even with our own favorabls military situation, to abandon this idea." Turning to the question of the oc? cupied territories, the Vice-Chancellor said that as a preliminary condition of peace for Germany and hear allies those nations must, have all their pre? war possessions, including the German colonies, restored. Then Germany, he declared, could evacuate the occupied legions and could Rive back Belgium without encumbrance and without re E( rve, provided no other state was more favorably placed in regard to Bel? gium than was Germany. Stand by Russian Treaty He asserted that Germany would not submit to the Entente Powers for ap? proval or alteration the peace treaties which Germany had signed with the Ukraine, Russia and Rumania. The postponement of peace prospects -and Un- likelihood of ?i fifth war winter weigh equally on all belligerents anj not on Germany alone, said von Payer. "Our state debts," the Vico-Chancel lor said, "are everywhere reaching1 fantastic heights, and everywhere we struggle against the encroachments on our personal liberty^ All of the bellig? erents of Europe must admit, if they ;ne not blind, that the longer the Euro I can peoples lacerate each other the more certainly will the historical and paramount position of weakened and impoverished Europe be lost in favor of cleverer and more calculating peo I.les." Herr von Payer reminded his hearers that after four years the war still was being waged almost entirely on enemy territory. 1!" admitted that (he U-boat war hail not worked so quickly and surely as had been hoped. He added that it. was useless to dispute whose was the; fault. The enemy, he said, was still unable to compensate his losses by new construction, and declared that, the robbery of neutral shins almost without parallel by the Entent ? could not be repeated. "The mor- troops ihe United States sends the greuter will tie the need of shipping for reinforcements of muni? tions and provisions," Herr von Payer said. "The filling up of the enemy army by Americans therefore bears in itself its limitations." He argued that the loss of shipping would become fatal to Great Britain after the war because it would Jose its shipping superiority to the United Slates, and "the hope of compensating themselves from the German fleet, which still has to be conquered, will surely he adequate comfort only for the very imaginative Britishers." The speaker said that the Germans have only to see that the war con tinues to be waged in a foreign coun? try, that the Germans are fighting for their lives and th<"? ir homes, and that the enemy's only hope is that the Ger? mans collapse inwardly sooner than they. He asserted that enemy attempts (Continued on page three) -__- f i m ni -~ 'Retreat Without Interference, ' Say Germans, Yet 13,300 Are Prisoners r/t | "MrlE evacuation of the (St. Mihiel) salient . . . which ? bad been under consideration for some years, was completed without interference," said the Berlin War Office statement yesterday. "Austro-Hungarians assured the systematic retreat of the Ger? mans," according to Vienna's communiqu?. Thus, without interferring with the enemy, Pershing's First Army, in one day, crushed the fortifications the enemy spent four years in perfecting, took 13,300 prisoners and captured 60 guns. The only indication that the enemy expected the blow is given in the report of one correspondent, who says: "Among the prisoners was Major Schruesig, a count. He and his staff had their baggage packed and were waiting to be captured." Tanks in Lead In First U. S. Drive on Foe Yankee Veterans of Other Fights Win Fresh Glory at St. Mihiel By Wilbur Forrest (Special Cable to The. Tribune) WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN LORRAINE, Sept. 12 (Delayed).-In our participation in the second battle of the Marne American divisions fought under French army command? ers. To-day, the beginning of the St. Mihiel salient drive, saw French units participating under an American army commander -General Pershing, tem? porarily in command of America's first distinct army in the European war. American divisions engaged are some of those which have already covered themselves with glory in other battles, although it. must be stated that in to? day's fighting the. enemy's resistance was heavy neither in guns nor men. The Franco-American attack was not a sur? prise to the German High Command, which ordered the seven division com? manders to fortify their sectors. This work had proceeded feverishly for two weeks, hut had not been sufficiently completed. Enemy Without Heart The division comtnanders evidently ordered the evacuation of their heavy artillery when the. American artillery's preparation began at 1 a. m. this, morning. The barrage began at G a. m., "like a fiery waterfall upside down,' as an American officer ex? plained it. The enemy units fought without heart and then trailed north? ward, leaving machine gun nests here and there to retard the advance. Before noon the American advance had met with heavy opposition at two places?Montmartre Wood, which was well filled with machine guns, and the village of Sain Haussant, which was drenched with artillery tire. An offi? cer who advanced into Baussant said it was the hottest fire he ever liad seen, but, like everywhere else, the enemy had tied iir.d was giving us a parting hate from guns far to the north. Our line was held up temporarily until the tire ceased, and then ad? vanced. The important road centre of Thiacourt has been seized. Tanks Surround Thiaucourt Tanks surrounded Thiaucourt before the infantry arrived, and when the first patrols entered the edge of the town the tanks were sitting around in a circle waiting for the doughboys. Thiaucourt has been burning fiercely in places from our shells since early in the morning. The enemy, in spiteful wrath, lias tilled the village of Fey-en-Hey, west of Pont-?-Mousson, with mustard gas. Our leading wave discovered the situa? tion and deftly piloted itself around the village, leaving-it. alone until the fumes were dissipated. American tank crews shoved themselves ahead, with courage worthy of the highest credit. Though some tanks were bogged en rout?, other.-- worked well ahead of the infantry, cutting off Boche villages. guns and prisoners. In addition to their work at Thiau? court, the capture of Pannes goes first to the tanks, who there worked the same man?uvre. The attack was planned by the staff of America's First Army in phases. The tanks and the doughboys advanced to these objectives or phases so rapidly that those in the rear in division and army corps headquarters were unable figuratively to keep up. 1 luring the early hours telegraph wire-; wore stretched behind the advancing wave and aeroplanes sent back messages, which generally read "going strong." Before 2 p. m. the messages changed to: "Objectives reached. Digging in. Awaiting orders." Meantime prisoners were coming back by thousands, and j America's first important "all-Ameri ??--.n" is, being gloriously won. Yanks Capture Men of Seven Hun Divisions Officer Prisoners Bitter in Criticism of High Com? mand's Judgment ?Biy The Associated Press) WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY 1> FRANCE, Sept. 13.?The prisoner taken by tha .Americans havS coin; iron seven German divisions, amonsr then men from the Landwehr and Land sturm. The Austro-Hungarians mad prisoner came from the 192d, 10th, 77tl: -55th and 307th regiments. The prisoners asserted that the cas ualties resulting from the America tire were very heavy. Among the cap fives were numerous officers, who free ly criticised the High Command fo what they termed bad judgment. All the evidence at hand tends t confirm the belief that the German were altogether unprepared to resii such a force as General Pershing set against them. One division on a ce tain sector sent out a call for reii forcements. The only reply to this aj peal was an order to hold the sector i all costs. Valley Trap Closed Vigneuelles, a little town in tl northern end of the valley that \vi the northern entrance to the St. Mihi salient, was entered by the Americai last night. The first force to get the was only a small patrol. This was su ported by a large force that mov down the ridge along the northern cd of the forest, and in a few hours t trap was effectually closed and a n< line established. (t? p. m.). Brilliantly supported the French, General Pershing has ? complished the "limited objectives" the operations undertaen in the St. ?? hiel region. The two forces, pushing : spectively southeast and northwe took position after position from t enemy, advancing with a rapidity, p cisi?n and dash that disheartened h after his reverses of recent mont Few late actions have yielded so mi ground of .so important anature. Artillery Demoralizes Foe The preliminary artillery work in dark hours of Thursday morning \ demoralizing in the thoroughness of destructiveness. It is now known t the enemy was orepared for a possi blow in this region, but four hours almost unsurpassed shelling with and from guns of all calibres left 1 powerless to bring up his reserves maintain communications. Eventual stabilization here will ? important lines of rail eommunicat as well as roadways, and leave in possession of the French and Am cans high ground which will be of g military advantage when the wet sea begins In the military sense the action been normal in all its aspects, ex? in the rapidity of execuation. does not mean there has been no 1 fighting. There has been fighting I brilliant and tierce, because one vit important point was held by a fam well tried German division. Never less, the division was unable to w stand the steady and unswerving vanee of the Americans thrown agi it. and. in addition, los.t many pri ers to the United States forces. The only enemy weakness was it artillery, the reply of his big ; being deficient and spasmodic thro out, showing that he had previousl; moved the greater part to safer tions. But hia machine guns vicious enough to compensate for Americans Reach Foe's Frontier; St. Mihiel ed Out; 13,300 Prisoners And Sixty Guns In American Bag Germans Prepared for Attack, but Dash of U. S. Troops Is Executed So Rapidly Enemy Is Left Powerless to Offer Strong Resistance Teutons Pressed Back 13 Miles on Line They Had Held Four Years British Drive Ahead 2,000 Yards on Cambrai Front and French Make Important Gains ?American Tanks and Aviators Win High Praise Scptemb r IS, 2:S0 .1. M. The Americans have eliminated the St. Mihiel salient. Pershing's men have reached the German frontier. The eneray has been swept back thirteen miles. In smashing attacks the American First Army yesterday cut through the neck of the German pocket and threw its two days* work ten miles northeast of St. Mihiel r?-5 j and mi (?way on the new line. wfoiK Ck Extending their drive along Wi'/wfrhk. f? MtJ* the iront eastward the Ameri wSEk. X > cans reached PaKny. on the Mo W/0/W/^^ ^Si" selle, across the river from Ger W wf/w^^??Itaamm?im^^e^ rnan.v< an^ within ten miles, <>r ^^^^^^^^ffl^^^^^'' big gun range, of the fortress of W^^^^^^^m^^^k Thirteen thousand and three ^E^^^w?/^m?MMww? hundred prisoners and sixtv %su^Mmmmmm guns had been taker] by the Al_ The solid black area has been lies at midday and large num vi'on bv lilt' Americans since , , . yesterday morning. ; OCl'S 01 Captives were Still streaming in. At latest reports the fighting continued on a line from Pagny northwest of Hattonville and the Meuse. The length of the front between the Meuse and Moselle has been cut in half by the American victory. The French are within three miles of St. Quentin. By i sharp attack P?tain's men carried the village of Savy and swung nearer the besieged city. The British attack to the north won new- ground and many prisoners in heavy fighting east, of Vermand and near Jean court. Field Marshal Haig announced last night. After smashing two enemy assaults on the dominating Franco-American heights positions on Mount Laffaux, on the western end of the Chemin des Dames, the French launched a counter stroke on the left, which carried them forward for new gains in the enemy's menaced flank. In Flanders the British advanced to within a mile and a half of La Bass?e. They entered Auchy and further east they partly outflanked the enemy in La Bass?e by an encircling move which won the heights dominating the country to the east. Americans Push Ahead, Taking Big Stores of Enemy Supplies (By The Associated Press) , WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN LORRAINE, Sept. 13?(? p. m.) ? The St. Mihiel salient has been wiped out and the enemy forces are now virtually with their backs on the famous Wotan-Hindenbur*r line, with the Americans and French paralleling them closely from Ver? dun to the Moselle. The line now extends past Nor roy, Jaulny, Xammes, St. Benoit, Hattonville. Hannonville and Herbe ville. General Pershing's troops con? tinued their steady advance against the salient throughout the night. They reached and even passed the objectives set for them. Prisoners continue to pour in. Only One Counter Attack The Americans pushed ahead all along the front, except at one point. They met with less resistance than i they had expected. ! The Germans made only one ?counter attack in an attempt to .stem the onrushing tide of Ameri? cans. The Germans, however, began their protective barrage too early. They gave the Americans warning of what was eominc*, and General Pershing's men were completely prepared for the counter attack when it started. Prisoners unanimously testify to the accuracy and the ?Jeadliness of the American preparatory artillera fire. Foe Hampered by Airmen Observers had so completely lo? cated the principal German work* in advance that the enemy troop? could only take to their dugouts and await the en<i of the bombard? ment. The Germans last night and early to-day were attempting to remova their artillery through the town of Vigneulles, under the stress of thi American attack on the St. Mini* i salient. They were meeting with) the greatest ^difficulty, however,