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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, November 10, 1918, Image 1

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America's Historic Answer: "Unconditional Sunenrta!'*
First to Last--the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
LXXVIII No. 2G,2?2
I Copyright. 191*.
New YorU Tribune Inc.J
ICaiser Abdicates, Grown Prince Out;
Truce Reply Delayed, Foch Over Meuse;
Western Germany Seethes in Revolt
Hun Fire Delays,
Courier Carrying
Armistice Terms
No Word From Spa,;
Where High Command
Will Pass on Sur?
render Demand
Germans May Reply
Direct by Wireless
Foch Receives Foe En
voyi in Railroad Car,
Reads Terms to
LONDON, Nov. 9 (British Wire
lew Service).?The British Press
Bureau issued the following an?
nouncement this afternoon:
"Ofring to the heavy German
barrage and machine gun fire on
the battlefront, the passage of the
courier from Marshal Foch's head?
quarters to Spa was so delayed!
that he is not expected to reach !
German Headquarters until this af?
ternoon. Consequently it is unlike- ;
ly that any decision in regard to
th? armistice will be reached to?
PARIS, Nov. 9.?It is probable
that the German reply to the Allied
terms for an armistice will be
'criught back by the same courier
that too', them to German Head
barters a; Spa yesterday. Under
the circumstances, it is believed the
reply cannot be delivered before
?he middle of this afternoon, at the
very earliest.
The German government, how
?er, may use the wireless, in which
???we the plenipotentiaries at Mar- ?
fcral Foch's hearquarters will have |
?ily to ratify the decision thus con- j
veycd to them.
It is regarded as probable in well i
??formed circles that Prince Maxi- ?
""lian, the German Imperial Chan- ?
??lor, will to-day communicate the I
??rmsof the armistice to a commit?
tee of Reichstag party leaders and !
*"1 himself convey their vote to j
authorize the plenipotentiaries to
?Sn the armistice.
Meeting of Truce Party
Germany's armistice delegates j
t?? receivcd fcy Marshal Foch yes-1
?May morning at 9 o'clock in a!
airead car, in which the com-i
****** in chief of the Allied force |
J? W* headquarters, according toi
T f?Ht Journal." When the Ger- !
gU credentials had been opened \
^verified, Mathias Erzberger, the j
*?der of the enemy delegation,
?waking in French, announced that;
?(k- !man ?overnr>ient had been
??JJJ by President Wilson that
?n ? F?ch was quailed to com
?Z!Mt* t0 them the A1,ics' condi*
?"J and had appointed them pleni
?7 t0 take co^izance of
?LE*1** and eventually sign an
^Mttshat Foch then read the terms '
*enf T?VOke* dwellin? UP0" each
lj ' . c Germans were prepared
??wt-orhcial communications for
.stipulations, as a whole, but
^?** tet forth in detail the con
. demands seemed to bring to
g? 'or the first time full realiza
?^ ?he extent of the German
S^Wrger Aah. Ce*?ation
????{* mad? a fev/ observation?,
?*ltk? J?? m out m*t?rial diffi
-C!!^^^" the way of car
Gtntinued on next page
Woman Suffrage
Plan of Germans
In Ballot Reform
BERNE, Nov. 9.?The -groups form
ing the majority of the German Reich?
stag, s?iyfi a Berlin message, havo j
agreed to present at the approaching I
mission of thut body a plan for elec- j
fions to the Reichstag and to the Low
er houses of the confederated German j
states by eo.ual, direct, secret ballot,
following the principles of proportion?
ate representation, and all without !
distinction of sex.
The voting age is to be set at twen?
ty-four years.
Proportionate representation in the
Reichstag would give the oScial-Demo
cratic party, on the basis of the la?t
Reichstag elections, a largo increase
in membership in the legislative body.
Hoover Named
To Distribute
Europe's Food
President Takes Steps to
Prevent Starvation of
Freed Slavs
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.?Pood Ad?
ministrator Hoover will leave soon for
Europe to direct preparations for feed
in? the people of redeemed northern
France and Belgium and to aid in th?i
task of preventing starvation in Aus?
tria, Bulgaria and Turkey.
Mr. Hoover, it is understood, will
not relinquish his position as Food
Administrator, although his attention
will be devoted almost entirely to
working out the foot! problems of Eu?
rope along linos followed by the Bel?
gian Relief Commission, of which he
is still chairman.
The plan contemplates relief also
for Southern Europe, including Serbia,
Rumania and Montenegro.
The State Department's announce?
ment follows:
"President Wilson has requested
Mr. Hoover to take charge for this
government of the organization of
measures for the food relief of the
liberated people of Europe, and to pro?
ceed at once to Europe as the govern?
ment's .-pecial representative for the
determination of measures of relief in
cooperation with the various govern?
ments concerned.
"It is necessary to perfect and en?
large the arrangements for foodstuffs
to the populations in Belgium and
France now leing released. These
populations have been supported foi
the last four years by the commission
for relief in Belgium, under Mr. Hoo?
ver's chairmanship, but owing to the
difficulties of transportation and dis?
tribution, of finance and fear of Ger?
man seizure, the amount of foodstuffs
furnished has been the very minimum
..?n which human life could be main?
"As the first measure of assistance
to Belgium it is necessary to increase
immediately the volume of foodstuffs
formerly supplied, so as to physicallj
rehabilitate this under nourished pop
ulation. The Relief Commission ha?
during the last four years, sent to th<
10,000,000 people in the occupied area
over 600 cargoes of food, comprise
120,000,000 bushels of bread3tuffs an?
over 3.000,000,000 pounds of other
foodstuff?, besides 2,000,000 garments
the whole representing an e^penditur?
of nearly $600,00,000.
The support of (he commission h?'
come from the Belgian. British. Frencl
and American government?, togethci
?vit h public charity. In addition t<
this some $360,000,000 worth of nativ?
produce has been financed internal!:
in Belgium, by the relief organization
"That the maintenance of this relief
commission ha? been critically n<;co*
sary is evidenced by the fact that ir
Continued on page three
Prince Max Says Germans Can
No Longer Carry On the War
T 0ND0N> Nov. 9.?Just before Prince Maximilian of Baden offered iiis '?
?*-' resignation as Imperial Chancellor lie issued an appeal "To Germans
Abroad," the text of which reads:
"In these difficult days the hearts of many among you, my fellow
countrymen, who outside t he frontier of the German fatherland
are surrounded by manifestations of malicious joy and hatred, will
be heavy. Do not despair of the German people.
"Our soldiers have fought to the last moment as heroically as
any army has ever done. The homeland hasshownunprecedented ?
strength in suffering and endurance.
"In the fifth year, abandoned by its allies, the German people
could no longer wage war against the increasingly superior forces.
"The victory for which many had hoped has not been granted
to us. But the German people has won this still greater victory over
itself and its belief in the right oi* might.
"From this victory we shall draw new strength for the hard
time which faces us and on which you also can build."
Huns Squeezed
Into Thin Strip
Of French Soil!
Only 18 Miles Left Themj
as Allies Push Ahead
Ten Miles
French troops yesterday crossed'the
Meuse River between M?zi?res
and Sedan.
Petain's cavalry swept over the Bel?
gian boundary near the Chimay
Guise road taken by the German
peace plenipotentiaries.
The advance on some sectors was
ten miles, the greatest ever made
by the Allies Jjp France since
1914. Last night the German grip
on France measured ' less than
eighteen miles at the deepest
In the centre of their line the
French captured the railroad cen?
tre of Hirson and advanced to the
frontier beyond.
The British in Flanders stormed
forward on their whole line from
Ghent to the Belgian frontier,
taking the fortress of Maubeuge,
apparently with little trouble. The
Germans fell back rapidly from
the line of the Scheldt.
The Americans astride the Meuse
made new progress, pushing east?
ward from the river ou a wide
front. Pershing's armies now hold
both banks of the river lrom Ver?
dun almost to Sedan.
Striving to Beat
Armistice, I/. 5. Men
Gain on Whole Line
Associated Press) (6 p. m.).?The
American troops fought their way for?
ward to-day along virtually their en?
tire line, despite the fact that the
weather was about as bad as could be.
This evening the Americans were in
complete control of both sides of the
Meuse, and had, in addition, occupied
Remoivill? 'Wood. They also crossed
the river at Mouzon, thus making their
line on both sides complete from Vil
lers-Devant-Mouzon southward.
The Americans started in to-day with !
the knowledge that, with Germany's !
action on the armistice conditions im- ?
minent, an early cessation of hostilities
Kvas among the possibilities. This
fact, however, only appeared to make
the .men more anxious to accomplish
as much as possible against the enemy
while ho was deciding what response j
to make.
Stiff Defence Encountered
The resistance encountered was 1
spirited on the whole, though consist- i
ing largely of machine gun activity.
The terain crossed and captured was
on a par with the most difficult ground
the Americans have taken thuB far. It
gives them the most advantageous post-,
tions possible for a further advance. :
The principal obstacle in the path of
the Americans a? they work northeast i
is a series of hills behind Chaumont- |
devant-Damvillers, close to which place '
they already have pushed their line.
The Americans have a half circle
Continued on pnge fight >
Kaiser's Fall
Rouses Fear
In Washington
Loss of Reparation to
France and Belgium
Seen in Revolt
_ ?
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.?The abdica?
tion Of the Kaiser, which but a brief
time ago would have caused the wild?
est joy in Washington, to-night aroused
new fears and apprehensions. This is
just as true of those who believe that.
the United States was not fighting
the German people, but only the Ger?
man people's rulers, as it is of those
who have thought up to date that
the German people and the German
Junkers must both be thoroughly
thrashed before this world would be a
fit place in which to live.
As the news comes to Washington,
the Kaiser has abdicated in favor of
his grandson, the eldest son of the
Grown Prince?always regarded as the
worst living example, from the Amer?
ican and Allied standpoint, of the thing
about Germany which the free peo?
ples of the world have been trying to
New Form of Government
Friedrick Ebert, a German who has
no title, will be the Chancellor during
the regency, while Prince Max of Baden
will continue until the new regency
has been placed in operation. A sort
of constitutional convention, judging
from dispatches, in the meantime is
to frame a new form of government,
particularly for those of the German
states desiring to remain in the empire.
This news creates little satisfaction
here, because officials studying the
brief and almost cryptic cables do not
sec any clearly defined road leading
from the present situation to what is
desired, not only by the Alies, but by
the United States.
It would have been much better, it
is said on every hand, now that the
Kaiser has ruled until the last mo?
ment when he was able to do any harm
if the free peoples fighting Germany
could at least have had the benefit of
concluding a peace with a strong gov?
ernment of some sort.
Some of the cables, particularly those
referring to such contingencies as
some of the German states .being per?
mitted to withdraw from the empire,
cast a doubt on the physical ^ability of
the Allies to exact the reparation to
"France, to Belgium, to Serbia and Mon?
tenegro, to Rumania and Italy, and to
the shipping and defenceless towns of
England and Scotland, for what the
Huns have done in the last four years.
Fear Russian Debacle ,
Either Germany will be broken up
into a g??oup of little states, it is
pointed oAit, each of which will con?
fidently ?xpect to escape all share of
the payment, wrongs committed, or
there will be a rei'olution,'which in?
deed seftms imminent, which would re?
duce f\\ of Germany to the possible
level of Russia, and make all thought
of reparation a travesty.
"V suppose," said one high official of
the/ Administration to-night, "that
should the German Empire break up
into a group of small states, that we
might proceed as Germany has done in
Continued on next page
William of Hohenzollern, ex-Empsror of the Germans and former King
of Prussia.
Rebellions Break Out
In Hanover, Cologne
And Other Big Cities
G?nerai Railway Strike ?s
Called Throughout Em?
pire, Berlin Reports
LONDON, Nov. 9.?Rebellions
have occurred in Hanover, Cologne,
Brunswick and Magdeburg, accord?
ing to the official announcement at
Berlin, says an Associated Press
dispatch from Copenhagen. These
cities, however, are not wholly in
the hands of the mutineers, the
statement adds. At Magdeburg the
garrison resisted.
Latest advices .ecoived by way
of Amsterdam confirm reports t.-?.t
the revolutionary movement. *>l
Cologne is gradually spreading
throughout the entire western part
of Germany.
Another dispatch from Amster?
dam says that owing to the rush on
the banks in Berlin these institu?
tions have stopped payment.
The uprising in Northwestern
Germany is reported by Copenha?
gen to have spread to Hanover,
Oldenburg and other places.
Reports from the Danish border
townon Vamdrup say that all is
quiet in Schleswig, but that further
disturbances are reported to have
occurred in Hamburg.
Four thousand men attempted to
overthrow the military authorities
in Altona, across the Elbe from
Hamburg, but the city now is quiot.
The German guards at the Danish
border have been ordered by the
SoldierV Councils to remain at their
posts temporarily.
Travellers arriving from Ger?
many report that the disaffection
apparently is confined to the i<th
Army Corps, which was recruited
in Schleswig-Holstein.
A general railway strike has be?
gun in Germany, according to a
Bolshevik Envoys
Are Ousted by Swiss
Soviet Representatives Are
Asked to Leave Republic
by Official Order
BERNE, Nov. 9.?-The Swiss Federal
Council has decided to break off all
relations with the Russian Soviet mis?
sion. The members of the Russian
delegation have been asked by the gov?
ernment to leave Switzerland because
of their participation in revolutionary
Copenhagen disptch to the Ex?
change Telegraph Company, quot?
ing Berlin advices to the "Social
Demokraten" of Copenhagen.
Eisner, Just Released
From German Prison,
Head in New Revolt
TARIS. Nov. 9.?Kurt Eisner, a
Munich newspaper man and prominent
in Socialist circles, is the leader of
the revolution which has broken out
in the Bavarian capital, it appears
from information received here. Some
reports designate him as President of i
?he Bavarisn republic which has been j
Eisner, the advices, add. has organ- ?
ized a committee consisting of work
men, soldiers and peasants, in many
respects similar to a Russian Soviet.
Eisner is a newspaper man on the
Munich "Post." He first, came to pub?
lic attention in 1905 as a gifted
speaker at Socialist meetings. He ?3 |
now about forty-five years old. He
has not held public office.
Eisner was arrested some time ago
for having published the news that
Germany on July 28, 191 i, was mob- i
ilizing her army. He was released
Continued on next page
Form of Government Will Be
Decided by National Assembly
; Friedrich Ebert, Socialist President of Reichstag
Main Committee, Will Become Chancellor
for the Regency, Succeeding Prince Max,
Who Remains Temporarily to Solve
Great Problems
Duke of Brunswick, Son-in-Law
Of Kaiser, Renounces Power
Bill Will Be Introduced Immediately Providing
for Constitutional Body To Be Chosen by
General Suffrage and Which Will Be the
Final Arbiter of the Question of Rule
LONDON, Nov. 9 (British Wireless Sendee).
?A German wireless message received in Lon?
don this afternoon states:
"The German Imperial Chancellor, Prince
Max of Baden, lias issued the following decree:
" 'The Kaiser and King has decided to re?
nounce the throne.
1 'The Imperial Chancellor will remain in of?
fice until the questions connected with the abdi?
cation of the Kaiser, the renouncing by the Crown
Prince of the throne of the German Empire and
of Prussia and the setting up of a regency have
been settled.
Ebert To Be Chancellor
" 'For the regency he intends to appoint Dep?
uty Ebert [Friedrich Ebert, Socialist leader,} as
Imperial Chancellor, and he proposes that a bill
shall be brought in for the establishment of a law
providing for the immediate promulgation of
general suffrage and for a constitutional German
National Assembly, which will settle finally the
future form of government of the German nation
and of those peoples which might be desirous of
coming within the empire.
"'Berlin, November 9, 1918.
Duke of Brunswick Abdicates
A telegram received from Copenhagen from Brunswick, by
way of Berlin, asserts that Emperor William's son-in-law, the
Duke of Brunswick, and his successor have abdicated
The resignations of the German Ministers of the Interior,
Instruction, Agriculture and* Finance are reported in a tele?
gram received from Berlin. The Prussian Food Controller
again has requested to be relieved from office and the resigna?
tion of the Prussian Minister of Public Works has been in the
hands of the Cabinet for some time.
Paris Receives Abdication News
PARIS, Nov. 9 (6:15 p. m.).?The abdication of Emperor
William is officially announced from Berlin, according to a
Havas dispatch from Basel.
BERNE, Nov. 9.?The German Socialists decided not to
carry out at noon to-day their threat to withdraw from the
government if Emperor William had not abdicated by that
hour, according to a Berlin dispatch. Instead, they extended
the time limit, it is stated, "in consideration of an eventual
U. S. Wireless Stations Pick Up
Message Announcing Abdication
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.?The State Department announced
officially to-night that the United States government wireless
stations had picked up a radio message from the Nauen Tower
in Germany, a/mouncing the abdication of the Kaiser. The
mesf|\ge came direct from Germany to the American station.
The text of the announcement, as it was received here, ap

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