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The Hun-Turk Traffic in Little Girls
Eight Thousand Sold At Auction in One Week By MAY BOSMAN A FEW years ago, in the university of Pennsylvania Museum in Phila? delphia, I met a young girl who might have stepped off one of the cracked old vases from some, ancient Biblical land. She was a true Oriental type; looking at her, one wondered how many thousands and thousands of years the strain in her extended backward that had caused to be born again so definite and pronounced a ca*t of features. She was only twenty and had come to this country in the steerage when, she was ten years old. She had had only such education as free America giv?s in its public schools; yet she was custodian of tomes used only by erudite professors and bespectacled post-graduates?and she knew her books. Because she had been a distinct help to a hurried newspaper writer I was grateful and asked her to visit me. She cried: "No, no! I cannot, for none could tome to see me at my house! It is so crowded, so small and dark. And there are babies. You fall over them on the floor. Or if not babies, it is my grand? mother. She is ninety and blind. And the house does not smell clean, and it is never quiet!" "You have a large family, then?" I ventured. "Immense!" she answered promptly. "There is always a crowd; and a new baby. We have twelve children and six grandchildren ? my brothers would marry?and a grandmother and mother and father." "Houses," said I. "are small for a family so large!" She fixed me with her great, sombre, beautiful eyes. "Rooms, not houses," she returned quickly;- "two of them in the hack yard of a tenement ai'e indeed small for any family!" 1 covered my impolite astonishment as best I could. The House of Swinging Doors On a day not long after that there was talk of an expedition to Syria, and she knew some of the men and women who were going. Her face lighted. "They must occupy our house on the side of a mountain there," she cried. "It is large and airy, there are barns and outhouses, and fruits growing wild. The doors are swinging in the wind and in? side all is in order, waiting our recoming. The beds are made; the linen is newly changed; the rooms are swept and dusted and garnished. Old neighbors do it." she explained. "In the cellar are dried herbs and vegetables, fagots for fires, coal and books. It will hold a large company, this house of my father and my father's fath? er, and our relatives and friends will bid you welcome there!" "Why did. you leave that house and come to America'."' I gasped. She smiled, that melancholy, inscruta- '. ble smile of her race. "We are Christians," she said, "and we had treasure stored away. Then, my sis ter was lovely, and I was not thought ill favored. Still ? the terrible Turks did ' not live* near us. For many years we thought that we were safe. When my father met them in business in the city he made friends with them?but he kept us . hidden. Little girls are never safe in the Turks' country! "But one day a Turk spoke to my fath? er in the market place, and he spoke of us. My father parried, but it was too ', late; some treacherous one had told of ! my sister. My father came home and j said to my mother: 'Thou must always keep things packed against our sudden | ??oing away now !' "One night there was a great knocking at our floor and my father rose from his \ bed. In the rain stood one of our neigh? bors from the other side of the mountain. He had ridden half the night. A com? pany of Turks had stopped at his house the evening before, and they were asleep there now. They had asked the direction to my father's house. Treasure and Wealth? Then Terror in the Night "So he called our mother and we were roused, while my oldest brother and the neighbor ran to harness the horses and put. them to the wagons. We dressed in groat haste and caught up what treas? ures we might. But we had no time to spare, and our good neighbor himself was in grave danger. Long before daylight we were on our way to a seaport and new life in America. We were cold and bun giy and frightened, for there was dan? ger until we should be upon the ship and well out from land. "But, you see, what was treasure and wealth in our mountain home was noth? ing?in America! We live?as I told you. But some day we shall go back." "When will you go?" I asked. "Will you go with the expedition?" She shuddered. "We cannot go," she I sighed, "while the Turks are still there!" \ All this was said before the war, be fore the Turks had massacred her cou- j sins, the whole Armenian people, and i carried little Serbian girls into slavery. She said it while she and I and others still thought well of those clumsy, pains? taking Germans who were deciphering tablets and columns that had been un? earthed in ancient lands and were writ? ing ponderous volumes about them. I do not know what she would say to? day, for I do not know what has become of her. But I do know that there has come, between that day and this, a time when little girls cannot be wrested so easily from the grasp of the terrible Turk. In 1915 Germany and her allies set out to annihilate the whole Serbian male population ? and did not succeed. But they did clear Serbia of them and took possession of the country?left a country of women and children. Little Girls Sold at Auction Thereupon the German military officers in command of the Turks went into the Serbian houses and collected the prettiest of the little girls ? 8,000 in one week, from ten to fourteen years of age?and sold them in the market places to Turk? ish buyers. The Turk Is Conquered But His Harem Remains These children, when they had ?1 sold, were sent, shrieking and'begpJS release, in great train loads towanif stantinople. Heaven alone knows W many more than 8.000 are to-day in'jw' ish harems ! The German officers tw selves made no secret of the littlt ??l destination. "^ Turkish women, are emancipated* fi?, have grown beyond the harem ^ They refuse to be shut up in rooa^ gardens, however beautiful, to be ^ playthings of a man. They are firm v. lievers in monogamy now. But the Turk is unchanged. And thi? war, with the help of his arch-conspire tor, the German, has filled his htn-a? for the time being, anyway. ' That they have been filled with IM, girls who should still be at tiieir do)V with mere babies as white and chftfo as those who play in your own and *? neighbors' yards?must strike horror un, utterable to the heart of every one *rb? reads! The Serbians have not been duly n. preciatad and pitied in this war. The are coming into their own at last Canv bring back their little girls from Turki harems?those who have not died ?* grief and shame? If. is not too fofa try to atone for our selfish indiff?res to these horrors that we ignored klm the war. What the Law Allows: Adopting a Child By ROSE FALLS BRES | Attorney at Law Editor's Noie.? In the mid.st of war or I neace there still remain the children, to j be thou g Jit. of?and. here in New York a : pathetic group of them vmv claim* your I sympathy. These are tlve hundreds of little ones left, orphaned by the influenza epidemic. Many of them are very ill themselves, and do not even knonv thai they have last their parents; for the ?pi? d?mie attacked adult s first, and then be? gan its slaughter among the children. At a conference of managers of child caring institutions held recently at the request of Dr. Royal. S. Copetand, city Health Commissioner, it ivas decided that these small convalescents will be Icept in Bellevue Hospital and in tlie hospital sh.ip of St. John's Guild, anchored in the East. River off Twenty-third Street, until they have recovered sufficiently to be taken to Seaside Hospital on Staten Isl? and. Those who have been exposed to ?he disease, but liavc not contracted it, ?till go to Seaside Hospital on Coney Isl? and until the danger of infection, is over. And then' Then,if no one ivants them, they will have to be committed to insti t niions. But Commissioner Copeland will first make a strenuous effort to find ready - made families for the orprtans. He is receiving applications now from those who wish to adopt them*, and wants at the same time reports to be made to him at his office in the Board of Health Building, Walker and Centre streets, of any children left homeless or destitute by live epidemic. There is a word for motherless, fatli ertess children; but no expression lias ever been coined for tfte childless mother or father. And there are many of them ?those who have lost tlieir sons and daughters and those tvho wanted and should home had children, and never did. Here is a wonderful chance for both Hie childless and the orphans to come into their ottm. M. de M. IF Y'OU find a money wallet or bit of jewelry you send it to a "Lost and Found" department or take it along and advertise for the owner, depending <.n where you acquired it. In time, ad? vertising and other formalities having been observed, if the owner does not ma icrialize. title to the article may ne claimed by the finder. But if tho bundle you pick up from the highway or your doorstep sends out. a wail and proves to be a future citizen of the great State of New York, then time and advertising will not serve to pro? vide legal ownership. John Doe, jr., if a parentless waif, may be a mere nobody from the social viewpoint, but he has certain inalienable rights. You may love him and pet him and clothe him at will, parental title evading you still. For the law gives parental custody, rights and guardianship in a ready-made family only by a decree of a court of competent jurisdiction. This decree is the final step in "legal adoption." Phillip? Brooks ?aid: "He who help? a child helps humanity with a distinctness, with an uxmedtateness, which no other help given in any other stage of human life can possibly give." Parentless John Doe'? sole hope of social status rests upon the adoption law?, which provide the legal ways and means by which he may he taken into a family, endowed with its name and with title to all the right? and hereditaments of a *on of th* blood. Adoption?And AH The Lega! 'W Not only waif? and foundlings clamor ?t th? hearts and conscience? of *r,m*n i with homes, but a daily increasing army of children made dependent by war and the conditions it has created. Without reason, everything connected with a court proceeding awes and frightens the law abiding?especially women. Yet a close acquaintance with the manner of legally adopting a child or children shows it is without any fearsome ele? ments. Requirements for joining a church or club are every bit. as onerous. Any married couple, both being adults, may adopt a child or children if able to provide a home and good moral atmosphere. Either may adopt if the consent of the other is obtained. If the child is more than twelve years of age it is necessary to have his or her con? sent also. If the minor to be adopted has a parent possible to locate, who has not. been 'adjudged insano or deprived of civil rights or divorced for certain causes, then the consent of such parent must be obtained. If the child is one of the foundlings taken over by the city, then only the consent of the city's representative is required. The person or persons seek? ing to adopt must appear before the court for examination, and at this junct? ure the examining official looks beyond the social status, cash in bank, assur?e income and the religious predilections of the would-be parents, and wants tc know that the child being passed on "foi better or worse" will receive kind treat ment. The rich man of to-day may b< the poor man of to-morrow, so there car be no financial security; but the con scientious judge or surrogate rejects tin application of irresponsible persons ii an effort to assure every normal child ; normal chance. What To Do To Adopt a Child Stripped of prolixity, the following document recently filed in the Surro gates' Court of New York City show; the simplicity of the proceeding: The petition of John Blank and his wife, Mary Blank, respectfully shows: That both are more than twenty one years of age and resid"???. That the minor the petitioners want to adopt was born in 1P05, the day being unknown, as he was abandoned and placed in ... a foundlinu asylum of Palermo, Italy, as shown by the memorandum from the said asylum annexed hereto. That your petitioners have had cus? tody of said child without interruption since its infancy. That neither the father nor mother of the said infant has ever inquired about him. That your petitioners lived in Portinico. Italy, for three years after assuming custody of the child and then came to this country to live. That your petitioners are good, home-loving people, have a small farm and $2,000 in the bank. That your petitioners are desirous of adopting the said minor as their lawful child. That there is annexed hereto the instrument required by Section 112 oi the Domestic Relations Laws of the City of New York, signed and exe cuted by those whose consent is neces? sary. Wherefore, petitioners pray that the Surrogate of New Y'ork Countj entertain the proceedings for adop tion of said minor and that an ordei be granted, filed and recorded a! lowing and confirming said adoptioi and directing that the said Giovann Blank shall hereafter be known am treated in all respects as petitioners lawful child. To this petition was attached an al davit of the petitioners, their covena to care for and educate the child, a: the written consent of the minor ibeli more than twelve yearn of age? to t adoption. By this simple proceeding the orph from Palermo became the legal son and heir of his parents by adoption. Thai there are many persons who seek children to adopt is shown by the "wait? ing list" at orphanages. There are at pres? ent two hundred persons whose names and addresses are listed at a single institu? tion maintained by the city who wait an opportunity to adopt a child or children. ! ?'Boarding Out" Versus Institutions In June of lt'tb* the Department, of Charities of the City of New York es? tablished a Children's Home Bureau, in order better to carry out the provisions of the poor law, using it as a clearing house through which to place children in homes instead of institutions, there being at that time 20,000 dependent children cared for, at an annual expense of more than $5,000,000. Thereafter, and until the present administration went back very largely to the old man? ner of placing children, the younger dependent children of New York were given over to the case of foster mothers. The placing out of dependent orphans We Are Seven?We Are One By EVANGEL1NE BOOTH Commander ?f the Salvation Army in A m erica HERE is one task and only one for war relief organizations to per? form at the battlefront: If is the task of minimizing in every way possible T Photo by Ira L. Hill's Studio the hardships and sufferings that inevit? ably befall combatants in war. To such a task it is the solemn duty of all right-thinking, and loyal persons to dedicate their hearts, their hands, their heads?and their lives. If they cannot go as far as that they should never enter upon war relief work, and if they cannot organize themselves for the undertaking in a mental sense they will never be fit for It in a physical sense. All personal and private leanings, whether they pertain to the Church, poli? tics, social ethics or the imaginary lines of caste, should be swept aside in the crisis of wat, and the guiding thought should be?service! Common sense and practicability are as essential to the right sort of relief work behind the lines as bullets and bayonets are in the first line of contact with, the enemy. War relief that is to command the respect and confi? dence of armies must be rooted in a genu? ine determination to help without giving hindrance. It can best be done by the practical organizations, qualifying under tho rules of common sense, as a unified whole. If it Was good for the Allies to weld their giant armies and navies into one vast unit and place them under one control, it is good for the war relief or? ganizations to adopt the same policy?for in unity there is strength ! The Allies Are Under One Head When the armies of the Allies were placed under General Foch, and the strategy of war was left, so far as the Allies were concerned, to a single wai council, it was not found necessary t< erase the marks of identity from anj unit. French soldiers remained just a: French as ever they had been. The Brit ish Tommies are still their old selves The Americans, assuredly, forfeited non of their individuality as the most ma v-el lous fighting machine, put together over night, in the history of mankind. Yet they suddenly became cogs in vast machine. They toiled and struggle* for a common purpose. And when Gen eral Foch finally was cloaked with th authority and power which enabled hir to direct the forces of righteousness, eac contingent working in its place withot duplication or confusion, that instar Germany was beaten ! President Wilson, early in the wa pleaded for, toiled for, contended for ci ordination. He knew it meant increase efficiency. He did not encourage one an bitious element to swallow up or oblite ate another and a lesser element, just ? make a unit. He insisted that each o ganized force locate itself in the va machine of a country's weal, to gear in and to operate. Such a machine should require no lubrication beyond the liberal application of brain power. Such a ma? chine should be incapable of waste mo? tion, useless pretence, vain assumptions or a spirit of competition and rivalry, and should smoothly grind out its grist, or, failing to do so, it should forthwith he sent to the scraphcap of Mistaken Ideals and Good Intentions! The Salvation Army is of all creeds, and yet of none of them. Thus it was entirely natural for the organization I have the honor to command in the United States, and which, with its millions of officers and members is deep-rooted in sixty-one countries on this earth, to fit into place and begin, in its own sphere, to do its humblest part. One Cause, One War, One Issue?One Result The Salvation Army has been lighting evil and poverty since the day the organ? ization was founded, nearly sixty years ago. It is in war work now because its duty calls it wherever there is human suffering to relieve. It has furnished over 100,000 actual fighters for the Allies in the trenches, and has but a small force back of the red line which marks the shifting edges of contact?1,200 uni? formed workers. But each and all will be proud to lay down their lives if that is necessary?which is, as we see it. the spirit of service. There is still more to be done at tht front for our men than we can ever do We owe it to the mothers and fathers o1 America to cast aside all thought of di? visional lines; of imaginary boundarie: and barriers of ambition and of preju dice. It behooves us to dig right in anc do the things that will best serve the fighters, all within military regulations and upon a common sense basis, and t? stay there with the troops until they re turn. Nobody should get any credit? which means that everybody should get it This is tne spirit of the seven grea war relief organizations our Presiden has commissioned to do this big thing the spirit in which they have stuck along side the boys sent to do the battling, an helped them materially and spiritual! to withstand the greatest ordeal in th world's history?to overcome the greal est monster of evil that has ever reare its head. We -seven will do the jol mothers and fathers! Trust us! Hel us! We are seven?we are one! Institute ?^ The New Citizen with paid-by-the-month mothers is no ex? periment, for in 1909 there was held in Washington, D. C, a conference with two hundred representatives of the sev? eral religious faiths, to which asylums, aid societies and juvenile courts brought their experience and observations, and after the welfare of children of all kinds and conditions had been given consider? ation, the following conclusion was an? nounced : As to children who for sufficient reason must be removed from their own homes, or who have no homes, it is desirable that, if normal in mind and body and not requiring special training, they should be cared for in families wherever practicable. The carefully selected foster home is for the normal child the best substitute for the natural home. But the dependent child to-day in New York City is very lucky indeed if he chances to be placed with a paid-by-the month-moth?r,. instead of finding a per? manent crib and home in an institution. Tested?Tagged?and Given a Faith! The physical being of homeless babies who come to the city for support is the first object of attention, for, be it un? derstood, waifs are committed to Belle vue, there to be subjected to certain blood tests and weight standards and other theoretical and practical routine very mysterious to the medically unin? formed, but necessary to establish the kind of tag and number to which little John Doe is entitled in order to be prop? erly card-indexed and historically placed. Not only does the city weigh and test and measure and clothe the waif, but he is given a religious brand thusly: One baby is christened Catholic and the next Protestant in never varying alternation, and the path along which the little sou! is started toward Kingdom Come de? pends on whether his predecessor drew s Catholic or Protestant faith card in th< lottery. The infants who are sent from Belle vue to the institution previously men tioned are as clerically well kept as si many accounts of a good merchant There are five visiting nurses, who regu larly call at homes where the childrei are sent, and the clerk who has charg? of a filing case filled with "records" cai immediately tell the "history" of any o her wards by reference to the index She shuffles the cards and there flasl lines: "Blond baby, plump, cheerful. "Infant emaciated and cross. Dark eye and black hair, very irritable." "Red hai and brown eyes, healthy," and so or proving that babies without real motr ers to note, each smile and wail ma; still be sure of reaching health stand ards. "The Talmud"' says: "The blessed ma 'that doeth righteousness at all time: is the man who brings up an orphan.'' Regiments in France are "adopting" lit? tle orphancd-by-thc-war children, ar?o ciations in America are "adopting" lit? tle folk in France and Belgium, who wil! remain in their loved, if ravaged, hoot surroundings, and who will be cared for and educated there by funds sent from here by the adopting associations. ?Our Children Whom We Never See Women whose hearts are big and whose incomes can be stretched to do a little more are "adopting" daufiiers and sons in Europe whom they will never see, but who will wear tosm clothes, and go to school, and be enabled to go on living in the wreck of their homeland because of the monthly re? mittances sent by their godmothers, And the only recompense to these god? mothers will be occasional photograph! of their wards and the certainty off recordation of their good deeds, whk! must have been carried heavenward ot the prayers of these little ones. These are what might be termed sen timental adoptions, for the children s adopted will have no legal claim on tin good men and women who are tira reaching out to them a helping hand But the problem of saving as mas; children as possible from the unhapp: fate of institutional life can be sol?! only by broad campaigning for home for homeless children. There is roos in good houses, comfortable if not to rious homes, for thousands of waifs aw dependent children, and those win would acquire a ready made familym: find the court proceeding for legal adop? tion one of the simplest forms know''" the law. Women's clubs might do ar immense and generous work for humanit; by discussing adoption and rubbing iron it the absurd dislike and almost super stitious fear of its legal aspect. There might be found some bett? way of bringing together the chilore who need homes and the homes whic need children, thus curtailing the vrai ing lists now rather hopelessly filed vri public institutions. For there seems as much needi of way to get the children as finding noon for them. Mrs. Brown wakes up to? selfishness of maintaining a big hoaj filled only with furniture and servant and concludes she will adopt a son J daughter. Full of high resolve, shccsJ on her friend. Mrs. Smith, and conn* her resolution, only to be told that? needn't mind, for "she. Mrs. Smith, ? been on the "waiting list" of an i^ tution for six months or a year nop? to be given a child to adopt. Mrs. Brown may do the next M thing: she may "adopt" one of the c phans in France and get a little cofflto m sending assistance to a child who w and deserves it; but her home ren?' emptv, and somewhere in an institua in the great City of New York a ?] is being kept who could enjoy it. Waacs?and Others THe war services of British women have been recognized by the award of many foreign orders and decora? tions. A recent issue of "The London Gazette" recorded that King George has granted permission to Miss Henrietta Fraser to wear the Cross of the Legion of Honor and the Croix de Guerre con? ferred upon her by the President of the French Republic, to Miss Muriel Thomp? son to wear the Cross of Chevalier of the Order of Leopold II conferred upon her by the King of the Belgians, and to Miss Frances Lathem to wear the Insignia of the Fifth Class of the Order of St. Seva, confered upon her by the King of Serbia. THE members of Queen Mary's Army j Auxiliary Corps now have their own i school in London, says the British ' Bureau of Information, the first of n?& such training establishments whicn ? British authorities propose to open ? the education of women de****** w. army. The pioneer school hasneeii ganized by the London County toaw^ at the request of the War Ornee. Sjg owes its inception to the fact that c cal workers are wanted in enorm" numbers for the corps. . p. Many women and girls, in tn.e1^. triotic zeal to be of service to their w? try, have volunteered for the ajjg side of the corps when a very httie | nical training is all they require w^ them for service on the ^ric*? %t and this is now being provided v extensive course in office routin*!j pot keeping, English, typewriting *^%^ least important, the intricacies 01 ?* up army form)?.