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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, November 12, 1918, Image 1

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First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
Fair to-day and >Vedne*da> ; slightly
warmer Wednesday; south
to west winds
I>iU Re-port on Paw? 11
V?L LXXVIII No. 26,294
[Copyright, 181?.
New York Tribune Ine.J
* * *
nrnmi?ib Greater New Tork and t THREE CENTS
i^w^?^TBj-rtthtB commutioc distance | K1m> where
German Nation Disarmed Under Truce;
Gives Up Rhine Provinces, Forts, Navy;
Solf Asks Wilson to Soften Terms
Secretary Says Millions Will
Starve if Transport Is Seized
Note to Lansing As?
sert? Armistice Will
Impede Develop?
ment of Nation
Hindenburg Offers
Services to Reds
Copenhagen Report
Says Field Marshal
Has Put Army at Ser?
vice of New Council
LONDON, Nov. 11.?Dr. Solf, the j
Giman Foreign Secretary, has ad- j
dressed a message to Secretary of j
State Lansing, requesting1 that Pr?s- ?
ident "Wilson intervene to mitigate '
"the fearful conditions" imposed
on Germany.
Dr. Solf says, according to a Ger?
man wixplesa dispatch received here
to-day, that he feels it his duty to j
draw Pr?vient Wilson's attention !
to the fact that the enforcement of
tii. conditions of the armistice, es?
pecially the surrender of transports,
means the starvation of millions, and
requests tint the President's influ?
ence be diietted to overcoming this
Forced to Accept Conditions
The President, he points out, has
declared that he did not wish to
make war on the German people and
did not wish to impede its peaceful
"The German government has re?
ceived the conditions of the armis?
tice," continues Dr. Solf. "We
had to accept the conditions, but
feel it our duty to draw the Presi-1
dent's attention most solemnly and \
with all earnestness to the fact that
the enforcement of the conditions
must produce among the German
P?ople feelings contrary to those
opon which aione the reconstruc?
tion of a community of nations can ;
rest, guaranteeing a just and dur-:
able peace.
People Appeal to Wilson
"The German people, therefore,
*t this fateful hour address them
*?.ves again to the President with
tne request that he use his influence
"ith the Allied powers in order to
litigate these fearful conditions."
Hindenburg Said
To Have Offered to
Join Revolutionists
?-ONDON, Nov. 11?The German j
"?volution is steadily progressing:
?Hroghout the empire, says a Ger-j
????wireless dispatch from Berlin.!
Soldiers' and Workers' councils are j
P>g established everywhere.
to general, the change of govem
?"-ti the message adds, has oc
^tted without appreciable disturb
** of economic order or of blood?
Field Marshal von Hindenburg
"*? Placed himself and the German !
?nay at the disposition of the new
*Ws government at Berlin, says
* d?Patch from the German capital
Jfay ?f Copenhagen.
c?? fieW rnar8hal asked the
r**1* Soldiers' and Workers'
J?*n?U to send delegates to German [
**to Headquarters at once. A dele
***K?n left Cologne Monday morn
2 Field Marshal von Hindenburg
** ?? had taken this action "in or
qer to avoid chuos."
^Picking Council
*** German Independent Social
!^J^?propo8cd br. Karl Lieb
*^C?Minued on page four
German Reds Order Whole Navy
To Resist Terms of Armistice
T ONDON, Nov. 11 (By Associated Press).-The Admiralty has
-*?' intercepted a German wireless addressed from "the command
and Soldiers' Council on the cruiser Strussburg" to "all ships, tor?
pedo boats, destroyers and submarines in the North Sea."
The message refers to the terms of the armistice and declares:
"This would entail the. destruction of us all. German comrades,
defend our country against this unheard of presumption.
"Strong English forces are reported off the Shaw. All subma?
rines in the Baltic except those on outpost duty, assemble imme?
diately in Sassnitz Harbor."
Sassnitz is a watering place on the east coast of the Island of
Ruegen, Prussia.
Holland Will
Intern Ousted
Hun Emperor
Former German Crown
Prince Reported to Have
Been Shot
AMSTERDAM, Nov. 11 (By The
Associated Press).?It is stated on
good authority here that William
! Hohenzollcrn, the former German
! Emperor, will be interned in Hol
! land.
Officials of the Dutch govern
! ment and the German minister at
i The Hague have gone to Eysden,
on the Dutch frontier, to meet the
former German Emperor.
The "Handelsblad" says it learns
the Dutch government will object
to the former German Emperor re?
siding in Holland.
Trying to Surrender
Former Emperor William, it is
reported here, was on his way to
the British lines to surrender when
he was headed off by German revo?
lutionists and forced to seek safety
in Holland.
The former Emperor, his eldest
son, and Field Marshal von Hinden
burg, it is learned from a reliable
source, are in a railway train near
Eysden, awaiting the decision of the
Dutch government. The blinds on
the train are down.
Crown Prince Reported Shot
LONDON, Nov. 12 (1:28 a, m.),
?The former German Crown Prince
is reported to have been shot, ac?
cording to an Amsterdam despatch
to the Central News. Details are
lacking. I
LONDON, Nov. 11.?A special
dispatch from Eynsden, Holland,
says that when the train of Will?
iam Hohenzollern arrived there the
former German Emperor was not
aboard. Later he arrived by motor
car, having abandoned the train be?
cause of shots fired at the widow of
the car in which he was riding.
No Women Among Party
A dispatch to "The Daily Mail"
from The Hague dated Sunday says
the former Empress of Germany
; was not on board the train, and that
no women were among the party.
This dispatch, which is dated Sun
! day, asserts that it was the inten?
tion of the former Emperor to re
? main on board the train at Eysden
throughout the night and that he
i would leave in the morning for in?
ternment in a chateau between
| Utrecht and Arnheim. It was added
that his suite would be interned at
' Arnheim.
A dispatch attributed to the
i Maastricht, Holland, "Handels?
blad," says the presence of the for?
mer German Crown Prince with the
Continued on page four
Yankee Guns
Last to Roar
As War Ends
Americans on Sedan Front
Join Hands, Cheer and
Unfurl Flags
THE SEDAN FRONT, Nov. 11 ^By The
Associated Press) (2 p. m.).?Thou?
sands of American heavy guns fired
the parting shot to the German, at
exactly 11 o'clock this morning, Taris
time, or 6 o'clock, Washington time.
The line reached by the American
forces at 11 o'clock to-day was being
staked out this afternoon.
The Germans hurled a few shells
into Verdun just before 11 o'clock.
Northeast of Verdun the American
infantry began to advance at 9 o'clock
this morning, after artillery prepara?
tion, in the direction of Ornes.
The German artillery responde 1
feebly, but the machine gun resistance
was stubborn. Nevertheless, the
Americans made progress. The Ameri?
cans had received orders to hold the
positions reached by 11 o'clock and at
those points they began to dig in,
marking the advanced positions of the
American line when hostilities ceased.
Alcng the American front awaiting
the eleventh hour was like awaiting
the arrival of a New Year.
The gunners continued to fire, count?
ing the shells as the time approached.
The infantry were advancing, glancing
at their watches.
At many batteries the artillerists
joined hands, forming a long line as
the lanyard of the final shot. There
were a few seconds of silence as the
shells shot through the heavy mist.
Then the gunners cheered.
Then the individual groups unfurled
the Stars and Stripes, shook hands and
cheered. Soon afterward they were
preparing for luncheon. All the boys
were hungry, as they had breakfasted
early in anticipation of what they con?
sidered the greatest day in American
British Battleship
Is Sunk by Torpedo
LONDON, Nov. 11.?-The Brit-sh bat?
tleship Britannia was torpedoed near
the west entrance to the Strait of
Gibraltar on November 9 and sank
three and one-half hours later, accord?
ing to an Admiralty announcement to?
Thirty-nine officers and 672 men were
Dardanelles Entered
By Allied Warships
Franco-British Naval Forces j
Occupy Alexandretta,
Turkish Seaport
PARIS, Nov. 11.?The French tor- \
pedo boat Mangini and the British tor?
pedo boat Shark entered the Dar?
danelles on Saturday.
Franco-British naval forces occu?
pied Alexandretta, an Asiatic seaport
in the Mediterranean, on Saturday.
If you hnv?? money, buy more
LIBERTY BOND8?from us.
It you need money, we will buy
LIBERTY BONDS- from you.
John Muir & ??oH 61 B'way.?Advt,
Father Knick
In Cap and
Bells Lets
Bedlam Reign
Signing of Armistice
Inspires the Wildest
Celebration in
Crowds and Din
Make City Quake
Millions "Cut Loose"
in Boisterous Fete
From Dawn to
A usually staid and respectable old
gentleman hung his dusty knicker?
bockers over n. chair at an unearthly
hour this morning, dug a handful of
confetti out of tho back of his neck,
threw the alarm clock out of tin? win?
dow and, after placing the aromatic
spirits of ammonia clc?c by his bed
tide, raised a trembling hand to turn
out the light, murmuring defiantly:
"I'll try anything twice!"
Then Father Knickerbocker, having
celebrated the advent of peace twice
in tivc days, sank into slumber with
the fading consciousness that if it
wasn't true this time ho was prac?
tically done for.
His city, which had greeted the
false news of the signing of the
armistice last Thursday with tremen?
dous spontaneity, was awakened at \
yesterday morning by the whooping of
sirens to the necessity of doing it all
over again and doing it harder this
Revelry Spreads Over City
By midnight last night even tho most
captious observer would have been
forced to admit that New York had
done it. Never had such heartening
news come to a waiting people. Never
had such a mighty celebration shaken
and deafened and thrilled the greatest
city of the Western world.
At sun-up the jubilation was well
under way. At sundown it was still
gathering power and speed.
All night long Broadway reverber?
ated to the'*crash of band music and
the tooting* of hundreds of thousands
of horns, echoed to the clatter of ex?
ploding automobile exhausts firing vol- '
ley after volley to the detriment of en?
gines and the ears of passers-by, trem?
bled to the footsteps of close to 1,000,
000 people who surged back and forth,
screaming their exultation to the pale
stars high above electric signs that
blazed as though there had never been
such a thing as a coal shortage.
Din Increases Hourly
That was the climax of the most re-!
niarkable day that the city probablv j
will ever see. The crash upon crash j
of noise that swelled up from the ]
black river of people that flowed
through the brilliant canyon of tho j
White Way gave flat refutation to I
those who had predicted that Thurs- ?
day's celebration would take the edge
off tho city's joy when the armistice
actually was signed.
Thursday's celebration, which ha 1
.started splendidly, was bogged down <
by denials that began to pour in early
in the afternoon. Yesterday'3 jubila?
tion began more slowly, but picked up
speed and, fed by news that grew
more and more heartening as the day
went on, reached its climax after
nightfall and died away only through
the sheer exhaustion of the reveller.?.
Only "The Boys" Lacking
The whistles that roused the city]
from dreams early yesterday morning .
brought to a people who had stood up :
uncomplainingly beneath the war ;
news as glorious as their own wildest
The Kniscr and the Crown Prince !
had fled to Holland. Hindenburg and
the General Staff were with the royal ?
(Continued on page six)
Text of the Armistice \
WASHINGTON, Nov. 11.?The terms of the armistice which ended
the war, as announced by President Wilson to Congress to-day, follow:
1 Cessation of operations by land and in the air six hours after
-*- the signature of the. armistice.
"} Immediate evacuation of invaded countries: Belgium, France.
?' Alsace-Lorraine, Luxemburg, so ordered as to be completed
within fourteen days from the signature of the armistice. German
troops which have not left the above-mentioned territories within the
period fixed will become prisoners of war. Occupation by the Allied
and United States forces jointly will keep pace with evacuation in
these areas. All movements of evacuation and occupation will be reg?
ulated in accordanf-e with a note annexed to the stated terms.
^ Repatriation beginning at once and to be completed within four
*J teen days of ?-ill inhabitants of the countries above mentioned,
including hostages and persons under trial or convicted.
A Surrender in good condition by the German armies of the fol
? lowing equipment: Five thousand guns. 2,500 heavy, 2.500
field, 30,000 machine guns, 3,000 minnewerfer, 2,000 airplanes
(fighters, bombers?firstly D.. 73s and night-bombing machines).
The: above to be delivered in situ to the Allies and the United States
troops in accordance with the detailed conditions laid down in the
annexed note.
JT Evacuation by the German armies of the countries on the left
*-J bank of the Rhine. These, countries on the left bank of the
| Rhino shall be administered by the local authorities under the control
of the Allied and United States armies of occupation. The occupa
; tion of these territories will be determined by Allied and United
States garrisons holding the principal crossings of the Rhine, May
ence,'Coblenz, together with bridgeheads at these points in thirty kilo?
metre radius on the right bank and by garrisons similarly holding the
strategic points of the regions. A neutral zone shall be reserved on
the right of the Rhine between the stream and a Hue drawn parallel
| to it forty kilometres to the east from the frontier of Holland to the
parallel of Gernsheim and as far as practicable a distance of thirty
kilom?tres from" *?he east of stream from this parallel upon Swiss
frontier. Evacliflft?o?? by th?r enemy of the Rhinelands shali be so
ordered as to bo completed within a further period of eleven days, in
all, nineteen days after the signature of the armistice. [The Presi?
dent interrupted his reading at this point to remark that there evi?
dently had been an error in transmission, as the arithmetic was ver.'
bad. The "further period of eleven days" is an addition to the four?
teen days allowed for evacuation of invaded countries, making twenty
five'daya given the Germans to get entirely clear of the Rhine lands.)
All movements of evacuation and occupation will be regulated accord?
ing to the note annexed.
6 In all territory evacuated by the enemy there shall be no evac?
uation of inhabitants; no damage or harm shall be done to
-.he persons or pi'operty of the inhabitants. No destruction of any
kind to be committed. Military establishments of all kinds shall be
delivered intact, as well as military stores of food, munitions, equip?
ment not removed during the periods fixed for evacuation. Stores of
food of all kinds fcr the civil population, cattle, etc., shall be left in
situ. Industrial establishments shall not be impaired in any way and
their personnel shall not be moved. Roads and means of communi?
cation of every kind, railroad, waterways, main roads, bridges, tele?
graphs, telephones, shall be in no manner impaired.
7 All civil and military personnel at present employed on them
shall remain. Five thousand locomotives, fifty thousand
wagons and ten thousand motor lorries in good working order, with
all necessary spare parts and fittings, shall be delivered to the Asso?
ciated Powers within the period fixed for the evacuation of Belgium
and Luxemburg. The railways of Alsace-Lorraine shall be handed
over within the 3ame period, together with all pre-war personnel and
material. Further material necessary for the working of railways
in the country on the left bank of the Rhine shall be left in situ.
All stores of coal and material for the upkeep of permanent ways,
signals and repair shops left entire in situ and kept in an efficient
state by Germany during the whole period of armistice. All barges
taken from the Allies shall be restored to them. A note appended
regulates the details of these measures.
8 The German command shall be responsible for revealing all
mines or delay acting fuse disposed on territory evacuated by
the German troops, and shall assist in their discovery and destruc?
tion. The German command shall also reveal all destructive measures
that may have been taken (such as poisoning or polluting of springs,
wells, etc.!, under penalty of reprisals.
9 The right of requisition shall be exercised by the Allied and
the United States armies in all ocenpied territory. The
upkeep of the troops of occupation in the Rhineland (excluding
Alsace-Lorraine) shall be charged to the German government.
"I f\ An immediate repatriation without reciprocity, according to
lv detailed conditions, which shall be fixed, of all Allied and
United States prisoners of war. The Allied Powers Mid the United
States shall be able to dispose of these prisoners as they wish.
USick and wounded, who cannot be removed from evacuated ter?
ritory, will be cared for by German personnel, who will be
left on the spot with the medical material required.
-J sy All German troops at present in any territory which before
*-& the war belonged to Russia, Rumania or Turkey shall with?
draw within the frontiers of Germany as they existed on August
1, 1914.
I *y Evacuation by German troops to begin at once, and all Ger
?*-?J man instructors, prisoners and civilian as well as military
agents, now on the territory of Russia (as defined before 1914) to
be recalled.
H German troops to cease at once all requisitions and seizures
and any other undertaking with a view to obtaining sup?
plies intended for Germany in Rumania and Russia (as defined on
August 1, 1914).
-j e Abandonment of the treaties of Bucharest and Brest-Litovsk
?**?**' and of the supplementary treaties.
Continued on next page
Yielded; All East
To Be Evacuated
Full Reparation for All Damage Must Be Made
Entente to Take 160 Submarines, Specified
Units of Grand Fleet and Vast
Quantities of War Material
Wilson Announces Armistice
Terms Before Session of Congres
Armed Imperialism at an End, He Says; Object
of War Attained When Enemy Accepted
Conditions Which Make Renewal Impos?
sible ; Allies United to Aid Democracies
WASHINGTON, Nov. 11.?President Wilson, appear?
before the Congress of the United States ?shortly after noo
to-day? announced that the war had come to an end. German}
he declared, would be unable to renew hostilities.
Thereupon, amid almost continuous applausr, ho read th
terms of the armistice signed by the enemy.
These require of Germany :
Immediate evacuation of all invaded territory?
Belgium, France, Alsace-Lorraine and Luxemburg.
Evctcuation of countries on left bank of the Rhine
and occupation by Allied forces of the principal gate?
ways to Germany.
Reparation for all damage done and. restitution
of moneys seized in invaded, lands.
Surrender of principal units of the high seas lb * t.
including 160 submarines.
Surrender of enough war material practically to
disarm the German forces.
Abandonment of the treaties with Russia., and
Rumania, with cvacwaUon of all conquered territory
in tlie East.
Surrender of forts and ships in the Baltic and
Black seas.
Return of Allied merchant ships in German ports.
Duration of aivnistice shall be thirty days? with
option to extend.
Mr. Wilson's Address <
The President spoke as follows:
"Gentlemen of the Congress:
"In these times of rapid and
stupendous change it will in some
degree lighten my sense of re?
sponsibility to perform in person
the duty of communicating to you
some of the larger circumstances
of the situation with which it is
necessary to deal.
"The German authorities, who
have at the invitation of the Su?
preme War Council been in com?
munication with Marshal Foch,
have accepted and signed the
terms of armistice which he was
authorized and instructed to com?
municate to them."
[Here the President read the
terms of the armistice.]
"The war thus comes to an end ;
for having accepted these terms of
armistice, it will be impossible
for the German command to re?
new it,
America Proud of Part
"It is not now possible to assess
the consequences of this great
consummation. We know only
that this tragical war, whose con?
suming flames swept from one na?
tion to another until all the world
was on fire, is at an end, and that
it was the privilege of our own
people to enter it at its most criti?
cal juncture in such fashion and
in such force as to contribute, in
a way of which we are all deeply
proud, to the great result.
"We know, too, that the object
of the war is attained; the object
upon which all free men had set
their hearts; and attained with a
sweeping completeness which even
now we do not realize.
Imperialism at an End
"Armed imperialism, such as
the men conceived who were but
yesterday the masters of Ger?
many, is at an end, its illicit am?
bition? engulfed in black disaster.
Who will now seek to revive if.
The arbitrary power of the mili?
tary caste of Germany, which
once could secretly and of its own
single choice disturb the peace cf
the world, is discredited and de?
"And more than that?much
more than that?has been accom
pushed. The great nations which
associate?! themselves to destroy
it have now definitely united in
the common purpose to set up such
a peace as will satisfy the long?
ing of the *vho!e world for disin?
terested justice, embodied in set?
tlements which are based upon
something much better and more
lasting than the selfish competi?
tive interests of powerful states.
Will Protect the Weak
"There is no longer conjecture
as to the objects the victors havi
in mind. They have a mind ii
the matter, not only, but a hear
also. Their avowed and concerte?:
purpose is to satisfy and protec
the weak as well as to accord thei
just rights to the strong.
"The humane temper and inten
tion of the victorious government
has already been manifested in
very practical way. Their repn
sentatires in the Supreme Ws
Council at Versailles have t

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