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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, November 12, 1918, Image 2

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unanimous resolution assured the
peoples of the Central Empires
that everything that is possible
in the circumstances will be done
to supply them with food and re?
lieve the distressing want that is
in so many places threatening
their very lives; and steps are to
be taken immediately to organize
these efforts at relief in the same
systematic manner that they were
organized in the case of Belgium.
To Use German Ships
"By the use of the idle tonnage
of the Central Empires it ought
presently to be possible to lift the
fear of utter misery from their
oppressed populations and set
their minds and energies free for
the great and hazardous tasks of
political reconstruction which now
face them on every hand. Hunger
does not breed reform; it breeds
madness and all the ugly dis?
tempers that make an ordered
life impossible,
"For with the fall of the ancient
governments which rested like an
incubus on the peoples of the Cen?
tral Empires has come political
change not merely, but revolution;
? and revolution which seems as yet
to assume no final and ordered form
; but to run from one fluid change
: to another, until thoughtful men
I are forced to ask themselves with
what governments and of what
', sort are we about to deal in the
making of the covenants of peace.
With what authority will they
meet us, and with what assurance
that their authority will abide and
sustain securely the international
arrangements into which we are
about to enter?
Reason for Anxiety
"There is here matter for no
small anxiety and misgiving.
When peace is made, upon whose
promises and engagements besides
our own is it to rest?
"Let us be perfectly frank with
ourselves and admit that these
| questions cannot be satisfactorily
* answered now or at once. But
the moral is not that there is little
hope of any early answer that will
suffice. It is only that we must
I be patient and helpful and mind
I ful above all of the great hope and
S confidence that lie at the heart of
\ what is taking place.
? Sober Thought to Rule
"Excesses accomplish nothing.
1 Unhappy Russia has furnished
abundant recent proof of that.
Disorder immediately defeats it?
self. If excesses should occur, if
I disorder should for a time raise
'?" its head, a sober second thought
will follow and a day of construc?
tive action, if wc help and do not
"The present and all that it
holds belong to the nations and
: the peoples who preserved their
self-control and the orderly proc?
esses of their governments; the
future to those who prove them
i. selves the true friends of man?
kind. To conquer with arms is to
make only a temporary conquest;
to conquer the world by earning
its esteem is to make permanent
"I am confident that the nations
that have learned the discipline
of freedom and that have settled
? with self-possession to its ordered
?Miiiiii mu ii mau??Mmamau?Bmm
Again We
Victory a few days late is
none the less victory and we're
just as proud and happy to?
day as wo were last Thursday.
Great will be the welcome to
our home-coming heroes and
then the "welcome." on the
doors of our five ?hops will
have a glorified meaning.
This business was estab?
lished during the war?flour?
ished five-fold during the war
?but it's no mushroom war
Par-amount Shirt Shops will
go on and on, because they arc
founded on right principles?
honest values, fair dealing, sin
cere service?backed by a
guarantee which neither " war
nor peace can destroy.
As more men begin to realizo
that ?$1.50 is the standard price
for a thoroughly good shirt?
more men will come to the Par?
amount Shops, where .$1.50
buys the maximum value.
m* Bjs-mt vn vr. tistb iwth *. *r<
?4 ?rd At?, ?t.. ?.rl-ir. ?d At?.
t?_?l? (ft. and TIi* Tribun?
Srtf At*. Ill da.,
Bronx Cltr Hall Pk.
I practice are now about to make
I conquest of the world by the sheer
I power of example and of friendly
"The peoples who have but just
! come out from under the yoke of
I arbitrary government and who
are now coming at last into their
freedom will never find the treas
! ures of liberty they are in search of
if they look for them by the light
of the torch. They will find that
every pathway that is stained with
the blood of their own brothers
leads to the wilderness, not to the
seat of their hope.
Must Help the Vanquished
"They are now faca to face with
their initial test. We must hold
the light steady until they find
themselves. And in the meantime,
if it be possible, we must estab?
lish a peace that will justly define
their place among the nations, re?
move all fear of their neighbors
and of their former masters and
enable them 'to live in security
and contentment when they have
set their own affairs in order.
"I, for one, do not doubt their
purpose or their capacity. There
are some happy signs that they
know and will choose the way of
self-control and peaceful accom?
modation. If they do, we shall
put our aid at their disposal in
every way that we can. If they
do not, we must await with pa?
tience and sympathy the awak?
ening and recovery that will as?
suredly come at last."
Scene of Rejoicing
As President Reads \
Historic Message
By Theodore M. Knappen
WASHINGTON, Nov. 11.?"The |
war thus comes to an end; for, hav-j
ing accepted these terms of armis- j
tice, it will be impossible for the '
German command to renew it."
So the President of the United !
States announced in person to the
Congress to-day, after having read to |
it the terms of the armistice, which
sounded like so many successive de?
crees of punishment and humiliation
for the dread terror that has filled
the world with fear and death these
four years and more.
Democracy's triumph was offi?
cially communicated to the scant I
portion of the parliament of Ameri
can democracy that chanced tox bej
in the Capitol, in the simplest terms ?
of democracy. j
There was not even a preliminary I
fanflare *of trumpets, not a single
squadron of cavalry, no salvo of ar?
tillery, no display whatever of the
military arm of the Republic that
has done its mighty part in bring?
ing peace.
j It was observed that the two or three
j Congressmen had put on frock coats
| for the occasion, but in general there
j was not the least bit of dressing up
! for one of the greatest moments in the
I history of the nation.
Most of the House seats were vacant
when Speaker Clark ascended the ros
j trum, at 12:55. Fermer Justice Charles
E. Hughes held a little reception on the
| side about this time. Congressman
I Aviator La Guardia came in then and
', was enthusiastically received.
The Speaker and Vice-Pre.sident Mar
! ahull named committees of the two
Housr? to escort the President into the
. chamber, when it was announced that
he was awaiting in his room.
The President Arrives
Two or three minutes later the ser
: geant-at-arms cried:
"The President of the United
! States!"
As the President entered tit the left
of the Speaker's platform, the Sena?
tors and Representatives arose and
cheered for several minutes. That is,
all except Senator La Follette, No ap?
plause from him.
"Gentlemen of the Congress," said
Speaker Clark, "I present the Prcsi
j dent of the United States."
Without further ado the President
I began to read the armistice term;-,
which he prefaced with an introduc?
tion of a few words. It was com?
mented'that in the moment of victory
the President was more academic in
voice and manner than ever before.
There was no note of exultation, or
even an Inflection of triumph in his
precise and even reading of the death
sentence of German imperialism.
Without a single rhetorical effect,
j the leader of the nation that deter
j mined the issue in the mightiest arme'!
| struggle since men have fought each
'?? other, cited the wiping out of German
' artillery, the removal of the German
! fleet, the extermination of submarine
! pirates, the occupation of Alsace-Lor
j raine, the Rhine Province, the Pal
j atinate, all the Marches o?? the Rhine,
! the cancellation of the treaties of
I Brest-Litovsk and Bucharest, the eman
; cipat?on of prisoners and. plavcs with
! out reciprocity, the surrender of the
| fortresses and passages of the Baltic,
the continuation of the maritime block
! ade, and all the other terms that oper?
ate to bind and throw the bloody giant
? who has frightened the world for fifty
I years.
Democracy was as simple and un
? ostentatious in tho formal announce
! nient of the ending of the war rs it
I was in its inception, but the begin
j ning was far more spirited than the
j end.
Ag the President read clause after
6 Bell-ans
1 j^W^.4^ Hot water
\ZZjTZj^^^ Sure Relief
Text of the Armistice
Continued from i>a*r I
1 ZT The Allies shall have free access to the territories evacuated
A^' by the Germans on their Eastern frontier either through
Danzig or by the Vistula, in order to convey supplies to the popula?
tions of those territories, or for any other purpose.
1 *7 Unconditional capitulation of all German forces operating in
-*-' East Africa within one month.
10 Repatriation, without reciprocity, within a maximum period
-"-?' of one month, in accordance with detailed conditions here?
after to be fixed, of all civilians interned or deported who may be
citizens of othter Allied or associated states than those mentioned in
Clause Three, Paragraph Nineteen, with the reservation that any
future claims and demands of the Allies and the United States of
America remain unaffected.
jQ The following financia' conditions are required: Reparation for
?*?-*; damage done. While such armistice lasts no public securi?
ties shall be removed by the enemy which can serve as a pledge to
the Allies for the recovery or reparation for war losses. Immediate
restitution of the cash deposit, in the national bank of Belgium, and,
in general, immediate return of all documents, specie, stocks, shares,
paper money, together with plant for the issue thereof, touching
public or private interests in the invaded countries. Restitution of
the kussian and Rumanian gold yielded .to Germany or taken by that
power. This gold to be delivered in trust to the Allies until the
signature of peace.
JCi Immediate cessation of all hostilities at sea and definite infor
-*" mation to be given as to the location and movements of all
German ships. Notification to be given to neutrals that freedom of
navigation in all territorial waters is given to the naval and mer?
cantile marines of the Allied and associated powers, all questions
of neutrality being waived.
s\ | All naval and mercantile marine prisoners of the Allied and
wA associated powers in German hands to be returned without
?y. Surrender to the Allies and the United States of America of
--'--, .160 German submarine-; (including all submarine cruisers
and mine-laying submarines), with their complete armament and
equipment, in ports which will be specified by the Allies and the United
States of America. All other submarines to be paid off and com?
pletely disarmed and placed under the supervision of the Allied
powers and the United States of America.
'J'J The following German surface warships which shall be desig
?"d nated by the Allies and the United States of America, shall
forthwith be disarmed and thereafter interned in neutral ports, or,
for the want of them, in Allied ports, to be designated by the Allies
and the United States of America, and placed under the surveillance
of the Allies and the United States of America, only caretakers being
left on board, namely: 6 battle cruisers, 10 battleships, 8 light cruisers,
including 2 mine layers, fiO destroyers of the most modern type. All
other surface warships (including river craft), are to be concentrated
in German naval bases to be designated by the Allies and the United
States of America, and are to be paid off and completely disarmed
and placed under the supervision of the Allies and the Unittd States
of America. All vessels of the auxiliary.fleet (trawlers, motor ves?
sels, etc.), are to be disarmed.
OA The Allies and the United States of America shall have the
-*? ? right to sweep up all mine fields and obstructions laid by
Germany outside German territorial waters, and the positions of these
are to be indicated.
'JIZ Freedom of access to and from the Baltic to be given to the
-**-' naval and mercantile marines of the Allied and associated
powers/ To secure this the Allies and the United States of America
shall be empowered to occupy all German forts,, fortifications, bat?
teries* and defence works of all kinds in all the entrances from the
Cattegat into the Baltic, and to sweep up all mines and obstructions
within and without German territorial waters, without any question
of neutrality being raised,' and the positions of all such mines and
obstiuctions are to be indicated.
'Jf. The existing blockade conditions set up by the Allied and asso
-?'?-' ciated powers are to remain unchanged, and all German mer?
chant ships fornd at sea are to remain liable to capture.
*}*7 All naval aircraft are to be concentrated and immobilized in
-***? German base:? to be specified by the Allies and the United
States of America.
^Q In evacuating the Belgian coasts and ports, Germany shall
-**0 abandon all merchant ships, tugs, lighters, cranes and all
other harbor materials, all materials for inland navigation, all air?
craft and all materials and stores, all arms and armaments, and all
stores and apparatus of all kinds.
2Vj All Black Sea ports are to be evacuated by Germany; all Rus
y sian war vessels of all descriptions, seized by Germany in
the Black Sea, are to be handed over to the Allies and the United
States of America; all neiftral merchant vessels seized are to be
released;'all warlike and other materials of all kinds seized in those
ports are to be returned, and German materials, as specified in Clause
Twenty-eight, are to be abandoned.
"2f\ All merchant vessels in German hands belonging to the Allied
*J" and associated powers are to be restored in ports to be
specified by the. Allies and the United States of America, without
^I No destruction of ships or of materials to be permitted before
?J-*- evacuation, surrender or restoration.
-3 2 Th? German government will notify the neutral governments
?*'--' of the world, and particularly. the governments of Norway,
Sweden, Denmark and Holl.nd, that all restrictions placed on the
trading of their vessels with the Allied and associated countries
whether by the German government or. by private German interests
and whether in return for specific concessions such as the export of
shipbuilding* materials or not, are immediately cancelled.
'jn No transfers of German merchant shipping of any descrip
?J?J tion to any neutral flag are to take place after signature of
the armistice.
j 'JA The duration of the armistice is to be thirty days, with option
?JT to extend. During this period, on failure of,execution of any
i of the above clausesr the armistice may be denounced by one of the
contracting parties on forty-eight hours' previous notice.
'?C This armistice to be accepted or refused by Germany within
; . +J*J seventy-two hours of notification.
? clause of the sentence of temporary ;
! judgment on Germany his auditors, ?
? august and humble alike, listened with \
? the tensest Interest, and from time to
\ time broke the silence of listening to
'. apDlaud the words of judgment.
When the President read, "Imme- I
I diato evacuation of invaded countries,
? Belgium, France, Alsace-Lorraine. Lux
, emburg. so ordered as to be completed
within fourteen days." Chief Justice
I White cried, "Bravo!" and the audi
' ence, floor nnd gallery, 'applauded
! loudly in approval. M. Jusserand, the
' French Ambassador, clasped his hands
1 as if in thankful prayer.
Tho conclusion of the address was
marked by no other formality than
hand shaking between, the President
i rind the Vice-President and the
I Speaker. Thirty-two minutes after he
j had entered to announce the great
j news the President was through.
In this simple manner did the great?
est of existing democracies receive of
fWnilv the now? of the final triumph
of'universal democracy.
$2.00 and $2.50
No material gives better service than madras.
We have a varied line of pat?
terns finished in shirts ready-to
wear that are exceptional values.
All in one
Give all you can now that victory is ours
and care for our boys until they come home.
Ebert Made German Chancellor
To Stifle All Real Democracy
Most Willing of Kaiser's'
Messenger Boys May Be
Expected To Be Faithful
Warden of Hohenzollern
By Gustav Miller
i Friedrieh Ehert, the vice-chairman '
j of the Reichstag party of the so-cnlled
! Majority Social Democrats, has beei. ;
appointed German Chancellor for no !
I other purpose than to prevent the real
? democratization of Germany.
Whoie choice was Ebert? Not the
? people's choice, not the Reichstag's
: choice, although the Imperial Farlia
I ment, elected in 1912, has long ceased
j to be a true representative of popular
' sentiment and is far ifiore reactionary
? than the voters. Ebert was appointed,
; probably after a conference with the
; parliamentary leaders of the same
majority parties who only two weeks
ago called the Kaiser the symbol of
German unity and protested against
any attempt ut his remov?!.
Ebert was appointed by Prince Maxi?
milian, of Baden, who, up to last Sat
; urday, was the presumptive successo."
; to Kaiser Wilhelm's cousin, the Grand
! Duke of Baden.
Maximilian acted as the Kaiser's
representative. When Wilhelm and his
oldest son, the Crown Prince, abdi
! cated, Prince Maximilian was., ap
! pointed Regent of Germany.
i Hohenzollern Guardian
He was desiged to be Regent during
: the minority of the Croxvn Prince's
! oldest son; in other words, he h^i to
; take care of the Hohenbollein inter
i ests.
And Prince Maximilian chose Ebert
to be Chancellor. He chose Ebert,
i whose intellectual faculties are below
| those of the average Reichstag Deputy,
i and who, during all his political career,
invariably has sided with the nurr.eri
? cally stronger faction within the Social
Democratic party without ever having
; taken a conspicuous part in the discus?
sion that had preceded the final deci?
Discharged Minority Editors
He purged the editorial departments
of the independent Hocml-Democratie
i newspapers of their radical writer?:.
i Without a scintilla of ri<rht, he dis?
charged the so-called minority editors
| of the Berlin "Vorw?rts." of the Duis
burg "Niederrheinische Arbeiterzei?
tung," the Bremer "B?rgerzeiting,"
etc., although neither he nor the So?
cial-Democratic National Executive
Committee had any title on these
He did the trick with the assistance
of the military commanders. He em?
ployed against the "minority" of his
party the same means of oppression
and buldozins: for which the Scheidc
manns. Davids, Molkenbuhrs and Len
sches had denounced the junker gov?
ernment, year after year. He did so
; with the approval of the other Kaiser
Social Democratic Deputies.
Regent Maximilian, perhaps, had
doubts regarding the absolute reliabil?
ity of Scheidemann or one of the other
prominent governmental Social Demo
? erats. And as lie had to choose a "Red"
: out of considerations of opportunity, he
appointed Ebert, although Philipp
; Scheidemann was the logical Social
? Democratic candidate for the position.
As late as September, 1918, Ebert
approved HindenburK's telegram to the
; Pan-German Union of Jueterbog:
; "They (the Allies and the United
States') want to win the war. There
? remains only one slogan, 'Germans, be
hard!' "
Ebert, who proved to be the most
! willing of tho Kaiser's messenger boys
to the Stockholm Social Democratic
Peace Conference, may be expected to
be a true warden of Hohenzollern in
: terests during his incumbency as Ger?
man Chancellor.
! America Won Everything It Fought
For, Says Wilson Proclamation
jttASHINGTON, Nor. 11.?President Wilson issued a formal
> fr proclamation at 10 o'cloc?c this morning announcing that the
\ armistice with Germany had been signed. The proclamation follows:
"My Fellow Countrymen: The armistice was .signed this morn?
ing. Everything for which America fought has been accomplished.
| It ?ill now be our fortunate duty to assist by example, by sober,
i friendly council and by material aid in the establishment of just
democracy throughout the world. WOODROW WILSON."
Punish Kaiser, Say Governors
; nnHK TRIBUNE interrogated Governor* of the various states concern
: -* ing the fate each thought should be meted out to inc Kaiser. Tf>e
\ replies received last night follow:
Trenton, Nov. 11.
Treat him like all other criminals.
? Carson City, Nov., Nov. 11.
First?catch him; then stretch him.
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. It.
If Kaiser has red blood in veins he
will not leave fate to others.
. Tallahassee, Fla., Nov. 11.
Take the German Kaiser and his
sons from the throne, put them
under the United States, English and
French armies and work them eight
hours a day for the next ten years in
restoring the ruins of Belgium and
France. This is my idea of what
Bhould be done.
Topek?, Kan., Nov. 11.
Emperor William must stand trial
before international tribunal for
transgressions against international
Charleston. W. Va., Nov. 11.
I am willing to leave it to Foch and
his advisers.
Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 11?
Having formed and expressed an
opinion and because of my prejudice
I cannot qualify as a juror to pass
judgment on the Kaiser.
Montgomery, Ala., Nov. 11.
Alabama will be satisfied with
whatever disposition is made of the
Kaiser by the Allied nation?.
Springfield, 111., Nov. 11.
The fate of the Kaiser can be left
in the hands of a retributive people.
(Acting Governor).
Salem, Ore., Nov. 11.
The Allies should determine the
Kaiser's fate. He should be executed
or exiled.
W. G. McADOO, Director General of Railroad?
?And help prevent congestion at ticket offices by burin*
Good for bearer or any number of persons on all p?steos?
trains of all railroads under Federal Control
On sale at all ticket offices
At Rector Street New Broadwa?
Near Broadway Between Broadway <& 6th 1
Truce Revision
Provides Base
On Helgoland
Allies Will Occupy It if
Revolutionists Hold
German Fleet
LONDON, Nov. 11.?A supplementary)
declaration to the armistice terms was
signed to the effect that, in the event
of the six German battle-cruisers, ten
I battleships, eight light cruisers and fifty
; destroyers not being handed over owing
i to a mutinous state, the Allies reserve
I the right to occupy Heligoland as an j
, advanced base to enable them to en- ]
? force the terms.
The period given for the evacuation
\ of the left bank of the Rhine by the
; German forces has been extended by ?
twenty-four hours, according to a*
| French wireless dispatch received here.
'Thirty-one Days of Grace
! The following message was sent by ',
j wireless by the German plenipoten- :
? tiaries: i
"To the German High Command, to ?
be communicated to all authorities in- I
; terested:
"Radio received. Armistice was !
! signed at 5 o'clock in the morning j
(French time). It comes into force at
11 o'clock in the morning (French
time). Delay for evacuation prolonged
? by twenty-four hours for the left bank
of the Rhine besides the live days;
therefore, thirty-one days in all. Modi
. ticutions of the text vrtth that brought
! by (courier) Helldorf will be transmit
? ted by radio.
i (Signed) "ERZBERGER."
Tho Allied troops will not, until fur
? ther orders, go beyond the line reached
', when the armistice went into effect.
Extension Was Considered
PARIS, Nov. 11.? Before the signing
?? of, the armistice, the "Echo dc Paris"
i says it understands, telegrams were
j exchanged by the Entente government.*
i and the United States to decide
! whether the new situation in Germany
; was of a nature to cause prolongation
' of the .seventy-two hours' time given
. the enemy armistice delegates.
President Poincar? received Marshal
! Foch to-day and congratulated him
| warmly on the signing of the armia
! tice.
By agreement among the Allied
'. governments the announcement of the
'? result of the armistice negotiations
i was to be made at the same time and
I through government sources. Govem
I ment messages were to have priority
over all others.
It wa3 agreed that the announce
While it's great to throw
out our chest, let's swell the
"war chest" too! ?
The United War Work
Campaign is the chance to
show how thankful we are
It's the united effort of th?
Y. M.C. A., theY. W.C.A."
the National Catholic War
Council, the Jewish Welfare
Board, the Salvation Army,
the War Camp Community
Service and the American
Library Association.
All for one! One for all!
Everything men and boy?
Rogeks Peet Company
at 13th St.
at Warren
ment in the United States would b
made in on ollicial cablrtrram to Wut
, ingion which would have precedent:
| over all other cables.
I IJesidi?H the live principal Germ?"
i armistice delegates, the others in tk'
German party are Majors liusterberp,
I Brinckmarn, Kriehel and Ven Bo?tt
! cher a ti ?i Baron von Lersner.
Poles and Teutons
Fighting in Warsaw
AMSTERDAM. Nov. 11.?Street fly?
ing i^ taking place in Warsaw, capita.
of Poland.
The railway station there has btc
occupied by Polish forer?, who b*ffl
refused the German troops in the ci!"
permisi?n to par-s through Polish (w
ritory. _
"The at 34th?:
Corners" Filth Ave
at 41st St
The Chesterfield Overcoat for Men has
no age limit. It is always in the Draft. Be
comes all ages and all occasions, festive or
formal. Ours is very straight, fairly snug,
and hand-tailored clean through with
true Chesterfieldian character and cachet.
In Black and Oxford Cloths, full silk lined
$35 to $8$
Hand-Tailored?Ready for Service
Men's Shops, 2 to 8 West 38th Street?Street Level

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