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ALL MEKCtTANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED Vol. LXXVIII No. 26,299 First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advert?s ements WEAT TTETR ( loud} to-day, probably rain by night: Monday rain and colder: mod? erate tresh south winds. Kult tieport uu I'age 6 [Copyright, 1918. >ew York Tribune Inc.J SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 1 7, 1918-FIVE PARTS-FIFTY-FOUR PAGES FIVE CENTS jft*ai Hoover ?sks No Food Aid For Germans Or Austriansl - Would Relax Blockade and Let Them Feed Selves Without U. S. Sacrifice Neutrals and Russia Are in Sore Need Continued Voluntary Economy Here Would Save 20,000,000 Tons for Europe Pood Administrator Hoover, who j?lled yesterday on tho Olympic to nuke s survey of tho food situation in Europe, ruado it clear that the Ameri? can people will not bo required to make sacrifices to fulfil German and Austrian needs. He declared that lift? ing or relaxing of the Allied blockade soon would permit Germany to feed herself satisfactorily. "There has been a great deal of ?un? necessary furore in this country about feeding the Germans,'' Mr. Hoover de? clared. "Wo are not calling upon the American people to make any sacrifice with a view to feeding the Germans. Wo are not worrying about the Ger? mans. They can take care of them? selves if give/i a chance. But the blockado has got to be abandoned. If there is an advance relaxation of the blockado Germany can get food?tish from Norway and Sweden, grain from Argentina. What is desired most now is for Germany to get on some sort of stable busis. so that she can pay the money she owes to Fronce and Bel? gium." [ Further Economy Needed Mr. Hoover emphasized tho fact that :io further restrictions on the use of food by the American people would be imposed to relievo the straitened cir? cumstances of nil Europe. Some of the striking points ho made in substantia? tion o? this are: 1 Europe has 'JSO,000,000 men, ? women and children whom fa threatens this winter. But the u States, by continuing to exer eite table and kitchen economics, will h ve some 20,000,000 tori3 of surplus *\ Only 10,000,000 inhabitants of i*? Europe?those of South Rus? sia. Hungary and Denmark -have food enough to last them until the next harvests have been gathered, though the need of the Allied nations arc provided for. The chief concern of this nation ? is the feeding of the smaller nations devastated by Germany. This ?-?lone means providing food for 75, "00,000 persons. 3 Russia in Sore Need 4 The problem of Northern Ru.s- ? ? .^ia cries for solution. Fifty] million persons there are in danger of | starvation. Anarchy prevails and ! tranaporta'ion facilities arc inade- | ?uatc. 5 States that have remained ncu ? tral, whose imports have been diminished or destroyed by the block? ade and the I."-boats arc to be relieved by relaxing the blockade. /C The same measure probably will "? Bufficc to permit a sufficient now of food into Germany and Austria <o stave off anarchy and starvation and enabl<- a stable government to be ?rtablished. Must Feed 120,600,000 "I am going to Europe," said Mr. Hoover, "to discuss the further food ^easuros that must he organized as a ?suit of the cessation of hostilities, 'ne food problem in Europe to-day is ?ne of extreme complexity. Of the '-0,000,000 population, practically only '?arce arras- South Russia, Hungary ?nd Denmark, comprising, say, 40,000, W--have sufficient food ? supplies to "?st until next harvest without im **rta. Some must have immediate re ??*f. "We have a surplus of 18,000,000 to --.COO.OOC tons of food if we aro eco? nomical, ?o the Hituation can bo han '<? if this and the other smaller sur p?s?s of the world can be transported. 'All Continental Europe has reduced a*rd8 and i? connequently short of ???t? and especially fats. Thesecoun *n'8 have had their last harvests, and ,T orderly governments these would JpM?h breadatuffa and vegetable? for *t'T% pCriof,ft from two months up ?d, appending upon the ratio of in? .L* al P?POlations. .Something more *?? 200^)00.000 of people* arc now in Wcl*l dlaordtr. Peasants Care for Sel rea a?J a***** C*,'C!,? with transportation jj financial demoralization, the ten ?7 i? for peasants to cease market ?nV ?," tUit ?r?]u,t- "Thus instant ?Tea ?** *rC i*0****** ?"to the cities, *0ee * r*"ourc*g mrt> available in of r,,VniT7' Th"' P**?*"?*' and villager ~_^L?pe *?>"*"? Provides for himself Continued on pay? fc Masaryk Told ! At Dinner He | Heads a Nation First Czech President Says Freeing of Small Nations Means New Era When Thomas G. Masaryk arose from his bed, in the Vanderbilt Hotel, yesterday morning he was a private citizen of that portion of Eastern Europe that has been fought over half a dozen times during the last four years. By the time he had reached tho Law? yers' Club for luncheon he had been accepted as the honored guest of the city. At the dinner hour, as the guest of honor at a banquet at Delmonico's, he was the duly accredited President of the new Czecho-Slovak Republic, with a population of more than 13,000,000 and an area of slightly more than four times that of Belgium. Modest Under Honor? Dr. Masaryk refused to be elated at the change in his position during these few hours. If anything, the furrow in his studious brow deepened and he be? came more serious than when he bore only the responsibilities of an envoy of the subjugated peoples who have suffered for generations from the dep? redations of the Teutonic racee. "1 car.'t tell you just what my poliies as head of the new republic will be." he said. "I don't think it would be wise to reveal my plans to the Ger? man?, as yet. I don't know whether the fighting is over. It may be that wo will have further trouble with Germany over our boundaries! If so, I don't think we ought to meet those problems until they arise." The actual notification of his elec? tion to tho presidency of the baby re? public came some time between the oysters find fish at a Lawyer's Clut luncheon. Somebody handed him s telegram: he bowed, continued his conversation for a few minutes, ther glanced at its contents, after which h( thrust it in his pocket and continu?e his discussion of the merits of tin ?oup. A few minutes later he refcrrec to the fact that tho Czecho-Slovak Re "public had been proclaimed by th\ National Assembly, which, according to a cablegram from Prague by thi way of Berne, had ratified Tiis election as President. Finally Explains Yiews Even former Senator Chauucey M ? Depew, who occupied a seat a shor , distance away from the new President I forgot his customary blase attitude am j showed his interest. But Dr. Masary ! only smiled, and told the waiter tha i h? used neither cream nor sugar in hi ; coffee. It was not until the Dclomnico din ! ner, given by R. .T. C'aldwell, that Di ! Masaryk revealed his views, as a newl elected world ruler, of the destinies o (Continued on page five) America Begins Demobilization; Yanks Start for Germany To-day; New Coalition Cabinet in Berlin Soif Would Send Mission Here for Food Asks Lansing for Permis? sion to Avert German Famine Wants Assistance Of Herbert Hoover "Magnanimous Help" of America Will Save the Fatherland BERLIN, Nov. 10 (By The Associated ! Press).?Foreign Secretary Solf has sent a message to Secretary of State Lansing urgently requesting President Wilson to give permission for a Ger j man commission to immediately leave Germany for the United States so ns to lay personally before the American gov- I eminent the conditions existing here and to assure the taking of steps to purchase foodstuffs. In his message to Secretary Lansing yesterday Dr. Solf. after appealing to him to intercede with President Wilson to send peace delegates to The Hague as soon as possible, "in order to save the Gorman people from perishing by starvation and anarchy," suggested that Herbert C. Hoover, the American Food Administrator, be assigned to the task of assisting the German people. This section of Dr. Soli's message reads: "American delegates could discuss with the plenipotentiaries of the Ger? man people the details of how the magnanimour: help of America could save in time our Fatherland from the worst. Perhaps the matter could be put in the. tried hands of Mr. Hoover, who has rendered such great ser? vices in Belgium. "The acceptance of the oppressive armistice conditions, the necessity of Continued on next, page Wilson at Peace Table Would Be World's Adviser Could Settle Disputes of All and Guide Delegates of America By Theodore M. Knappen. WASHINGTON, Nov. 16.?All of the Allies are earnestly urging President Wilson to attend the peace conference. The smaller states and the new-born nations are especially insistent. The great idea is to have him there as the Colonel House of the world. Officially he will not ?>e a delegate to the conference, according to the plan thaf is now coming into favor. He will be nothing but the President f the United States. He will be the most powerful person in the august drama, but will have no r?le. What Colonel House; has been to the President the President is now cast to be to the world in conference. Tho Grand Buffer It, is conceived that if the President is present while tin; peace conference is in session he will prove to be the grand buffer between conflicting inter? national ambitions, the trreat concili? ator of disputes and composer of dif? ferences. As the President of the na? tion that has no territorial interests at, .stukc and whose substantial inter? ests are not likely to be affected one way or the other by the conclusions of the conference he will be the final court of appeal of all. If he. were a member of the Ameri? can delegation and were regularly to attend the session^ of the conference, he might, it is feared by advocates of the unofficial r?le, become involved in the debates and lose some of the aloof? ness from direct interest in its trans? actions that would be the essential I strength of his position as confidential ? spectator and informal adviser. Keeping Out Disputes A great business man of New York, ! who has had the most intimate rela? tions with the government and the ? Continued on next page HE MIGHT BELIEVE IT NOW Conservatives Admitted to Reds' Regime At Least Four Parties Rep resented in Reorganized Ministry Ebert Appeals for Order in Nation Declares Favorable Peace Depends on Freedom From Anarchy BERLIN, Nov. 16 i.Bv Wireless to London) (3:12 />. m.) i By The Associ? ated Press).- In accordance with the decision of the Council of National Plenipotentiaries the departments of state in the new government have been filled as follows: FOREIGN OFFICE?Dr. Wilhelm Soif. TREASURY- Eugen Schiffer. ECONOMICS- -August Mueller. INDUSTRIAL AND DEMOBIL? IZATION Johannes Kothe. WAR FOOD?EmanUel Wurm. LABOR Gustav Adolph Bauer. WAR?Major General Scheuch. ADMIRALTY- Mann. JUSTICE -Dr. Paul von Krause. POSTOFFICE -Dr. Ruedlin. Mueller and Bauer are majority So? cialists; Wurm, Radical Socialist; Schiffer and Krause, National Liberals, and Solf and Scheuch, Conservatives. The politics of Kothe, Mann and Rued? lin is doubtful. It is evident a coalition Cabinet has replaced the all-Socialist Cabinet. Test to Come Soon BERNE, Nov. 16.?If the new Ger? man government can carry on its work for six or eight weeks the future of new Germany is assured, declared Friedrich Ebert, the Chancellor, in a speech in Berlin on Thursday. Chancellor Ebert said: "If we can cany on our work for six or eight weeks new Germany's future is as? sured, and we also can hope to obtain conditions of peace relatively favora? ble, but if our adversaries can estab? lish that anarchy reigns among us they will dictate conditions that will anni? hilate Germany's political life." AMSTERDAM. Nov. 16.?The new j German government, according to a dispatch from Berlin, bus telegraphed, to the Secretary of the Navy to see : that complete discipline is observed in \ th,e German fleet. The telegram con- ? eluded : "We will only get peace if we loy- ; ally fulfill the conditions of the armis tice." Panic in Munich ZURICH, Nov. 10 (5:10 a. m.)? A dreadful panic developed in Munich on ; Monday, according to the "Tageblatt," of Stuttgart. Munich had been very i calm, but suddenly all sorts of alarm? ist reports became current. Cries were raised in the streets of i "the counter revolution is coming" and ? "here are the Prussians." Machine guns were posted on the street corners and began firing. For two days the; greatest disorder prevailed throughout . the city. Railroad trains and street? cars stopped running and telegraph ' ; nd telephone communication was in-? terrupted. Some semblance of order1 was restored yesterday. -_-?. Equal Suffrage Assured in Sweden Government Also Will Give Riksdag Control of For? eign Policies STOCKHOLM, Nov. 14.?The Swedish government has decided to carry out without delay a programme of reforms giving the francnise to both sexes on equal terms and placing control of the foreign policy, as well as declarations of war and peace, with the Riksdag. Paris Preparing to Greet President Wilson PARIS. Nov. 16.?The Paris Munici j pal Council yesterday adopted a reso i lution providing that, in the event of : President Wilson coming to France j a deputation will be sent to greet him i on his arrival on French soil and he I will be received at a sitting of the \ council in the Hotel de Ville. A f?te i will be organized in his honor by the municipality. THE PLAZA TO-NIGHT Sun.lay Dlnn.fr Musicale Special Dinner at Jjao per cover,?Advr. 315 German Vessels Sunk by British Submarines During War LONDON. Nov. 16.?Details can now be given of the part which British submarines played during the war. This service de? stroyed the following enemy warships. Two battleships, two armed cruisers:, two light cruisers, seven destroyers, rive gunboats, twenty submarines and live armed auxili? ary vessels. One Zeppelin, three battleships and one light cruiser ?-ere tor? pedoed but reached port badly damaged. Other enemy craft destroyed were: Fourteen transports, six ammunition and supply ships, two store ships, fifty-three steamships and 197 sailing ships. In no case was a merchant ship sunk at sight. Care was taken to see that the crews of all vessels got away safely. In the third year of the war one of the British submarine com % mandera made twenty-four vruises, totaling 22,000 miles, which probably constitutes a record for any submarine. In the first and second years of the war seven British submarine commanders carried out a total of 120 cruises, extending l'or 350 days, all of which were actually spent, in the. enemy theatre. Germans Meet British to Give Over Warships Naval Delegates, Assembled Off Coast of Scotland, Ar? range Surrender Details LONDON, Nov. 16.?The meeting of ; the German naval delegates with the ; British naval representatives, the lat? ter headed by Sir David Beatty, took place on Friday afternoon off Rosyth, on the coast of Scotland. The German representatives consist of three dele j gates from the Sailors' and Soldiers' ; Council and four delegates from the People's Council, including Rear Ad-, mirai von Meurer. The surface warships which arc to ' be surrendered have to be "ready to I leave German ports seven days after : the signing of the armistice"; that is j to say, on Monday, November 18. The submarines which are to be sur i rendered must "he prepared to leave I German ports immediately on the re j ceipt of t>, wireless order to sail to the 1 port of surrender" and are to be hand . ed over "with full complement, in a port I specified by the Allies and the United I States within fourteen days after the j signing of the. armistice"; that is, Mon- j day, November 25. AH U-Boats Included All the submarines are to be sur- ? rendered, and of the surface warships ten battleships, six battle-cruisers, ' eight light cruisers and fifty destroy? ers of the most modern type are to be given up. The ten battleships which it would ' be natural to select are the Kronprinz Wilhelm and the Bayern, both new dreadnoughts, completed since 1916; J the Markgraf, the K?nig and the Grosser Kurf?rst, of the K?nig dread- ; nought class, completed in 1914 and j 1915, and the Kaiser, the Kaiserin, the Prinz Regent Luitpold, the K?nig Al- ; bert and the Friedrich der Grosse, all ' dreadnoughts of the Kaiser class, com- ; pleted in 1912 and 1913. Five battle-cruisers?the Derflmger, the Hindenb^urg, the Seydlitz, the ' Moltke and the Von der Tann?are ap? parently all that Germany has avail- ; able, so far as the so-called dread? nought battle-cruisers are concerned. The armistice terms stipulate the sur- I render of six. Allied Ports to Get Them Eight of the most recent light cruis? ers are the Brummer, the Bremen, the Karlsruhe, the Pillau, the Frankfurt, the N?rnberg, the K?ln and the Dres? den. It is only if neutral ports are not | available that the German warships are to be brought for surrender to Allied ports. But there is reason to believe that since the armistice was signed the neutral powers have made it clear that their ports are not likely to be available for this irksome purpose, i-nd there is no doubt' that the surrendered German warships will be brought into Allied ports. Surface warships which are left to j Germany will be concentrated in one or i 1 more of the German ports. They will be paid off and completely disarmed, ! and will be under the supervision of a I commission of surveillance appointed ! for the purpose by the associated j powers. Black Sea Arrangements ? Regarding the German submarines ?which fled before the revolutionaries and took refuge in Swedish waters, there is no doubt they will have to fce surrendered. Regarding the Black Sea, arrange i ments are now being made for the sur ! render of all ships in German hands. I It seems to be practically certain they I will be surrendered without trouble. American officers will be present at ! the surrender of the German high seas j fleet. It has not yet been determined whether the United States will be rep I resented at Constantinople. Allies to Join U. S. Troops In Advance Formation Can Be Changed Quickly to Battle Array if Huns Resist WITH THE AMERICAN FORCES IN FRANCE', Nov. 16 (By The Associated ! Press)??The American army will be ? gin to move toward Germany at 5:30 j o'clock Sunday morning. The troops will travel about twelve miles each day. To the army just organized (proba t bly the United States Second Army) ! has fallen the honor of heading the ; first big unit of the Allied occupational i force. The advance will be made in | columns and not in the order of battle ] so long followed. But it is not forgotten that techni? cally, at least, there still is a state ; of war. Nothing will be left to chance end every precaution will be taken to guard against surprises. Care will be taken to have the force i properly echeloned. The advance ' I g'iard, well in advance of the main ; [ force, will be followed by engineers , [who have been instructed not only to repair roads, reconstruct bridges and j clear th<i way generally, but to inspect I keenly every object and position that ; might be a trap. Mines will be sought ' carefully and, if found, exploded. '1 he Germans have sent word that the way is open and the mines removed, except ? in cases which they have designated. Water also will be inspected/ carefully j and none used until pronounced pure. , Ready for Battle The arrangements in force arc Mich ? that, although advancing much as it might along the country roads of the United States, the entire formation could be altered almost in minutes to ! battle formation. Divisions moving on the front will have others in support and the flanks will be carefully covered. In addition, a long line, of observation balloons will be up behind the lines, and they, too, will be moving slowly forward, observing the movements of [ the retreating Germans. The aviators, however, will have lit- | tie to do. They will move up some- ! what later, unless an unexpected break ; comes, in which case they, too, will b? ready for immediate action. The advancing Americans will be ! flanked by the armies of France, and by Sunday evening it is expected that the ? advanced elements of the Americans will cross the Belgian border. The Fifth French Army on the left and the Tenth French Army on the right will advance abreast the Americans, while far along the line to the left and right the Allied troops will continue tomaren toward the line agreed upon in the ar? mistice. Eager to Advance Wonderfully rested by the few days of inactivity and their pride touched by the honor conferred upon them, the divisions of the new army awaited eagerly to-night the order to advance. \ Many of them were newly equipped : with uniforms. Seasoned by hard lighting and schooled in discipline, the men won the praise of officers who looked them over late in the afternoon. The weather since hostilities Ceased ! has turned much colder, ice forming on the brooks and thinly crusting the muddy roads, but the. men appeared to ' regard this as a slight discomfort com ! pared to what they have been through. ; They looked forward to the steady Continued on page three 200,000 Men Will Be Home From Camps In 2 Weeks Gen. March Estimates? Under Full Swing, 30,000 Will Be Mus? tered Out Daily Rainbow Division Is to Sail First Other Troops in France To Be Ordered With? drawn as Pershing Sees Fit WASHINGTON, Nov. L6. Move ment of American troopa across th< Atlantic lias stopped entirely an* demobilization of troops in canton ments and camps at home is unde way. General March, chief of -tall made this announcement to-day, out lining the War Department's plan in answer to the questions tin com?! try has been asking .since the da the armistice was ? igned and it b( came apparent, that the war wa over. Il<' said orders already ?BBUC wouid send 200,000 men back to civ life within two weeks, and the when the programme was in fu swing about 30,000 would quit tk army daily. Fighters to Start Home Fighting divisions of Gener, Pershing's army in France will I demobilized as far as possible their home communities. The chii of staff would make no prediction j to when the first division wou start home. It appears probabl however, that the fiow of re tur n? troops can be in full tide before Fe ruary 1. Quarters will be available f them at the cantonments by th time. Some officers regard it as possit that certain divisions will be r called in advance of the general i turn movement. General March i dicated that the 42d (Rainbow 1. vision), because it is composed men from twenty-six states, and recognition of the fighting record has made in France, would marked for special treatment. Others May Come Soon The 26th (New England Natioi Guard) and the 41st (Sunset) visions are in the same class, so wouid not cause rurprise, thercfo if these three organizations sho be designated by General Persh; as the first to return. With weeks of 1918 left, it is posei they may be home before IN Year's Day. Supplementing General Man statement, Secretary Baker sai< would not be necessarv to maint o ail the existing cantonments for mobilization purposes and tha study was being made of those sirabie for that purpose. The. others, with all the divisi? camps, he indicated, would be al doned as soon as the men now o pying them have been mustered The demobilization will be in the . lowing order: First?Development battalk seventy-one in number, and c prising 98,190 men. Second?Conscientious objod not under arrest. Third?Spruce produc?on di ion. Fourth.?Central training sch for officers, with some modii tions. Fifth?United States pua j now numbering 135.000 men. Si>f/<?Railway units.